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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
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Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin shèng / sheng4
Taiwan sheng
Japanese hijiri / ひじり    sei / se / せい
Chinese holy; sacred; saint; sage
Japanese (1) highly virtuous monk; (2) (honorific or respectful language) monk; (3) Buddhist solitary; (4) (See 高野聖・1) Buddhist missionary; (5) saint (i.e. a virtuous person); (6) (archaism) (honorific or respectful language) emperor; (7) (in form 〜の聖) master; expert; (n,n-pref) (1) Saint; St.; S.; (noun or adjectival noun) (2) sacred; holy; pure; (female given name) Mina; (female given name) Maria; (female given name) Mari; (female given name) Makoto; (surname, female given name) Hijiri; (personal name) Tooru; (female given name) Chika; (personal name) Takeshi; (female given name) Takara; (given name) Takashi; (female given name) Sofi-; (surname) Seitoku; (personal name) Seiji; (female given name) Seika; (surname, female given name) Sei; (personal name) Sumizou; (personal name) Sumiko; (personal name) Sumie; (given name) Satoru; (female given name) Satom
ārya; sādhu; a sage; wise and good; upright, or correct in all his character; sacred, holy, saintly.

see styles
Mandarin lián / lian2
Taiwan lien
Japanese hachisu / はちす    hasu / はす
Chinese lotus
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) (kana only) sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera); Indian lotus; lotus; (2) rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus); (kana only) sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera); Indian lotus; lotus; (surname, female given name) Ren; (place-name, surname) Hachisu; (surname, female given name) Hasu
puṇḍarīka, the lotus, especially the white lotus, Numphoea alba; padma, especially the Nelumbium speciosum; utpala, the Nymphoea coerulea, the blue lotus; kumuda, Nymphoea esculenta, white lotus, or N. rubra, red lotus; nīlotpala, N. cyanea, a blue lotus. The first four are called white, red, blue, and yellow lotuses; but the white lotus is generally meant unless otherwise specified.


see styles
Mandarin lǎo zi // lǎo zǐ / lao3 zi5 // lao3 zi3
Taiwan lao tzu // lao
Japanese roushi / roshi / ろうし
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese father; daddy; "I, your father" (in anger, or out of contempt); I (used arrogantly or jocularly); Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism; the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi
Japanese Laozi; Lao Tzu; Lao Tse; (personal name) Roushi; (surname) Oigo; (surname) Oiko
Laozi, or Laocius, the accepted founder of the Daoists. The theory that his soul went to India and was reborn as the Buddha is found in the 齊書 History of the Qi dynasty 顧歡傳.



see styles
Mandarin shèng dì / sheng4 di4
Taiwan sheng ti
Japanese seichi / sechi / せいち
Chinese holy land (of a religion); sacred place; shrine; holy city (such as Jerusalem, Mecca etc); center of historic interest
Japanese sacred place; holy ground; the Holy Land; (place-name) Seichi
stage of enlightenment



see styles
Mandarin shèng huǒ / sheng4 huo3
Taiwan sheng huo
Japanese seika / seka / せいか
Chinese sacred fire; Olympic flame
Japanese (1) sacred fire (torch); (2) Olympic flame; (given name) Seika



see styles
Mandarin shèng zhí / sheng4 zhi2
Taiwan sheng chih
Japanese seishoku / seshoku / せいしょく
Chinese priesomethingood
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) sacred profession; holy orders; vocation; ministry


see styles
Japanese toutoi / totoi / とうとい    tattoi / たっとい
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (adjective) precious; valuable; priceless; noble; exalted; sacred



see styles
Mandarin pú tí shù / pu2 ti2 shu4
Taiwan p`u t`i shu / pu ti shu
Japanese bodaiju;bodaiju / ぼだいじゅ;ボダイジュ
Chinese pipal tree (Ficus religiosa); bo fig tree; Bodhi tree (sacred to Buddhism and Hinduism)
Japanese (1) Tilia miqueliana (species of linden tree); (2) (See 印度菩提樹・いんどぼだいじゅ) sacred fig (Ficus religiosa); bodhi tree; bo tree; peepal tree; pipal tre; (given name) Bodaiju
bodhidruma, bodhitaru, bodhivṛkṣa; the wisdom-tree, i.e. that under which Śākyamuni attained his enlightenment, and became Buddha. The Ficus religiosa is the pippala, or aśvattha, wrongly identified by Faxian as the palm-tree; it is described as an evergreen, to have been 400 feet high, been cut down several times, but in the Tang dynasty still to be 40 or 50 feet high. A branch of it is said to have been sent by Aśoka to Ceylon, from which sprang the celebrated Bo-tree still flourishing there; bodhi-tree


see styles
Mandarin yī yán jiǔ dǐng / yi1 yan2 jiu3 ding3
Taiwan i yen chiu ting
Chinese one word worth nine sacred tripods (idiom); words of enormous weight

see styles
Mandarin xx / xx5
Taiwan xx
Japanese sakaki / さかき
Chinese (Japanese kokuji) sakaki (Cleyera japonica), evergreen tree used in Shinto to decorate sacred spaces
Japanese (1) sakaki (species of evergreen sacred to Shinto, Cleyera japonica); (2) evergreen (esp. one planted or used at a shrine); (personal name) Tachibana; (place-name) Sagaki; (surname, female given name) Sakaki; (surname) Kashiwa


see styles
Mandarin yù jiǔ / yu4 jiu3
Taiwan yü chiu
Japanese miwa / みわ    miki / みき    goshu / ごしゅ    osake / おさけ
Chinese imperial wine; sacred wine
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) sacred wine or sake; sake offered to the gods; sacred wine or sake; sake offered to the gods; (polite language) alcohol; sake; (personal name) Miki



see styles
Mandarin shén shèng / shen2 sheng4
Taiwan shen sheng
Japanese shinsei / shinse / しんせい
Chinese divine; hallow; holy; sacred
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) holiness; sacredness; sanctity; dignity



see styles
Mandarin shèng diǎn / sheng4 dian3
Taiwan sheng tien
Japanese seiten / seten / せいてん
Chinese sacred writing; canon
Japanese (1) scriptures; sacred book; holy book; holy writings; (2) writings of a sage; sage's memoir; (female given name) Minori; (personal name) Masanori; (personal name) Kiyonori
The sacred canon, or holy classics, the Tripiṭaka; the Buddhist canon

see styles
Mandarin wàn / wan4
Taiwan wan
Japanese manji / まんじ
Chinese swastika, a sacred and auspicious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism
Japanese swastika (esp. a counterclockwise swastika as a Buddhist symbol); fylfot; gammadion; (given name) Manji
sauvastika, 塞縛悉底迦; also styled 室利靺瑳 śrīvatsa, lucky sign, Viṣṇu's breast-curl or mark, tr. by 海雲 sea-cloud, or cirrhus. Used as a fancy form of 萬 or 萬; and is also written in a form said to resemble a curl. It is the 4th of the auspicious signs in the footprint of Buddha, and is a mystic diagram of great antiquity. To be distinguished from 卐svastika, the crampons of which turn to the right; ten thousand

see styles
Mandarin wàn / wan4
Taiwan wan
Japanese man
Chinese swastika, a sacred and auspicious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, later adopted by Nazi Germany
(Skt. svastika)

see styles
Mandarin/ ta3
Taiwan t`a / ta
Japanese tou / to / とう
Chinese pagoda; tower; minaret; stupa (abbr. loanword from Sanskrit tapo); CL:座[zuo4]
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) tower; steeple; spire; (2) (abbreviation) (original meaning) (See 卒塔婆・1,塔婆・1) stupa; pagoda; dagoba; (surname) Tousaki; (surname, given name) Tou
stūpa; tope; a tumulus, or mound, for the bones, or remains of the dead, or for other sacred relics, especially of the Buddha, whether relics of the body or the mind, e.g. bones or scriptures. As the body is supposed to consist of 84,000 atoms, Aśoka is said to have built 84,000 stūpas to preserve relics of Śākyamuni. Pagodas, dagobas, or towers with an odd number of stories are used in China for the purpose of controlling the geomantic influences of a neighbourbood. Also 塔婆; 兜婆; 偸婆; 藪斗波; 窣堵波; 率都婆; 素覩波; 私鍮簸, etc. The stūpas erected over relics of the Buddha vary from the four at his birthplace, the scene of his enlightenment, of his first sermon, and of his death, to the 84,000 accredited to Aśoka.

see styles
Mandarin fàn / fan4
Taiwan fan
Japanese bon / ぼん
Chinese abbr. for 梵教[Fan4 jiao4] Brahmanism; abbr. for Sanskrit 梵語|梵语[Fan4 yu3] or 梵文[Fan4 wen2]; abbr. for 梵蒂岡|梵蒂冈[Fan4 di4 gang1], the Vatican
Japanese (1) Brahman; Brahma; ultimate reality of the universe (in Hinduism); (2) Brahma; Hindu creator god; (3) (abbreviation) (See 梵語) Sanskrit; (given name) Bon; (surname) Soyogi
Brahman (from roots bṛh, vṛh, connected with bṛṃh, "religious devotion," "prayer," "a sacred text," or mantra, "the mystic syllable om"; "sacred learning," "the religious life," "the Supreme Being regarded as impersonal," "the Absolute," "the priestly or sacerdotal class," etc. M.W. Translit.

see styles
Mandarin jīng / jing1
Taiwan ching
Japanese tsune / つね    tate / たて    kyou / kyo / きょう
Chinese classics; sacred book; scripture; to pass through; to undergo; to bear; to endure; warp (textile); longitude; menstruation; channel (TCM); abbr. for economics 經濟|经济[jing1 ji4]; surname Jing
Japanese (female given name) Tsune; (surname) Tate; (surname) Kyou
A warp, that which runs lengthwise; to pass through or by, past; to manage, regulate; laws, canons, classics. Skt. sūtras; threads, threaded together, classical works. Also called 契經 and 經本. The sūtras in the Tripiṭaka are the sermons attributed to the Buddha; the other two divisions are 律 the Vinaya, and 論 the śāstras, or Abhidharma; cf. 三藏. Every sūtra begins with the words 如是我聞 'Thus did I hear', indicating that it contains the words of Śākyamuni.

see styles
Mandarin ǒu / ou3
Taiwan ou
Japanese hasu / はす
Chinese root of lotus
Japanese (kana only) sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera); Indian lotus; lotus
The water-lily root, arrowroot.


see styles
Japanese on / おん Japanese (from 拝み) (See 御嶽・うたき) (Okinawa) sacred site; sacred grove; (female given name) On


see styles
Japanese hasu / ハス Japanese (kana only) three-lips (freshwater fish of the minnow family, Opsariichthys uncirostris); (kana only) sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera); Indian lotus; lotus; (personal name) Has; Hass


see styles
Mandarin qī sēng / qi1 seng1
Taiwan ch`i seng / chi seng
Japanese shichisō
A monastery is supposed to possess the following seven monks: 咒願師 invoker; 導師 leader; 唄師 intoner, or leader of the chanting; 散花師 flower-scatterer; 梵音師 master of sacred words, or Sanskrit; 錫杖師 shaker of the rings on the metal staff, or crozier; 堂達 distributor of missals, etc. Another division is 講師 expounder; 讀師 reader; 咒願師; 三禮師 director of the three ceremonies; 唄師; 散花師; and 堂達.



see styles
Mandarin qī shèng / qi1 sheng4
Taiwan ch`i sheng / chi sheng
Japanese nanase / ななせ
Japanese (female given name) Nanase
v.七賢, 七聖, 七聖財, saptadhana. The seven sacred graces variously defined, e.g. 信 faith, 戒 observation of the commandments, 聞hearing instruction, 慙 shame (for self), 愧 shame (for others); 捨 renunciation; and慧 wisdom.



see styles
Mandarin sān yuán / san1 yuan2
Taiwan san yüan
Japanese sanen
The three nidānas or links with the Buddha resulting from calling upon him, a term of the Pure Land sect: (a) 親緣 that he hears those who call his name, sees their worship, knows their hearts and is one with them; (b) 近緣 that he shows himself to those who desire to see him; (c) 增上緣 that at every invocation aeons of sin are blotted out, and he and his sacred host receive such a disciple at death; three kinds of causes (or conditions)



see styles
Mandarin zhōng yuè / zhong1 yue4
Taiwan chung yüeh
Japanese nakatake / なかたけ
Chinese Mt Song 嵩山 in Henan, one of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]
Japanese (surname) Nakatake


see styles
Mandarin wǔ shān / wu3 shan1
Taiwan wu shan
Japanese gosan;gozan / ごさん;ござん
Japanese (obscure) five most important temples of a region; (surname) Goyama; (given name) Gozan
Five mountains and monasteries: (1) in India, sacred because of their connection with the Buddha: 鞞婆羅跋怒 Vaibhāra-vana; 薩多般那求呵 Saptaparṇaguhā; 因陀羅勢羅求呵 Indraśailaguhā; 薩簸恕魂直迦鉢婆羅 Sarpiṣ kuṇḍikā-prāgbhāra; 耆闍崛 Gṛdhrakūṭa; (2) in China, established during the Five Dynasties and the Southern Sung dynasty, on the analogy of those in India; three at Hangzhou at 徑山 Jingshan, 北山 Beishan, and 南山 Nanshan and two at Ningbo at 阿育王山 King Aśoka Shan and 太白山 Taiboshan. Later the Yuan dynasty established one at 全陵 Chin Ling, the 天界大龍翔隻慶寺 which became chief of these under the Ming dynasty; five mountain [monasteries]



see styles
Mandarin wǔ yuè / wu3 yue4
Taiwan wu yüeh
Chinese Five Sacred Mountains of the Daoists, namely: Mt Tai 泰山[Tai4 Shan1] in Shandong, Mt Hua 華山|华山[Hua4 Shan1] in Shaanxi, Mt Heng 衡山[Heng2 Shan1] in Hunan, Mt Heng 恆山|恒山[Heng2 Shan1] in Shanxi, Mt Song 嵩山[Song1 Shan1] in Henan


see styles
Japanese busseki / ぶっせき Japanese place sacred to Buddhism



see styles
Mandarin shì shèng / shi4 sheng4
Taiwan shih sheng
Japanese shishō
Sacred Monk's acolyte; Sacred Monk's acolyte



see styles
Mandarin chū shèng / chu1 sheng4
Taiwan ch`u sheng / chu sheng
Japanese shusshō
The surpassing sacred truth, or the sacred immortal truth; supramundane holy path


see styles
Mandarin zhì duō / zhi4 duo1
Taiwan chih to
Japanese seita / seta / せいた
Japanese (personal name) Seita
制底 (or 質底); 制體 caitya, a tumulus, mausoleum, monastery, temple, spire, flagstaff on a pagoda, sacred place or thing, idem 支提 (or 支帝), cf. 刹.


see styles
Japanese kenji / けんじ Japanese sacred sword and jewels



see styles
Mandarin běi yuè / bei3 yue4
Taiwan pei yüeh
Chinese Mt Heng 恆山|恒山[Heng2 Shan1] in Shanxi, one of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]



see styles
Mandarin nán yuè / nan2 yue4
Taiwan nan yüeh
Japanese nangaku / なんがく
Chinese Nanyue district of Hengyang city 衡陽市|衡阳市[Heng2 yang2 shi4], Hunan; Mt Heng 衡山 in Hunan, one of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]
Japanese (personal name) Nangaku


see styles
Mandarin fèi tuó / fei4 tuo2
Taiwan fei t`o / fei to
Japanese reeda / ヴェーダ    beeda / ベーダ
Chinese Vedas (Hindu sacred writings or legends)
Japanese (kana only) Veda (san:)
Veda, v. 韋; (Skt. Veda)


see styles
Mandarin sì shì / si4 shi4
Taiwan ssu shih
Japanese shise
The period of the Buddha's earthly life, styled 聖世 the sacred period (or period of the sage), is added to the three periods of 正法 correct Law; 像法 semblance of the Law; and 末法 decadence of the Law; four periods


see styles
Mandarin dà kōng / da4 kong1
Taiwan ta k`ung / ta kung
Japanese oozora / おおぞら
Japanese heavens; firmament; sky; (personal name) Hirotaka; (female given name) Haruka; (surname) Daiku; (female given name) Daia; (personal name) Taku; (male given name) Taisei; (given name) Taikuu; (female given name) Sora; (female given name) Sukai; (female given name) Kanata; (surname, female given name) Oozora; (surname) Oosora; (female given name) Ao
The great void, or the Mahāyāna parinirvāṇa, as being more complete and final than the nirvāṇa of Hīnayāna. It is used in the Shingon sect for the great immaterial or spiritual wisdom, with its esoteric symbols; its weapons, such as the vajra; its samādhis; its sacred circles, or maṇḍalas, etc. It is used also for space, in which there is neither east, west, north, nor south; great emptiness



see styles
Mandarin tiān zhí / tian1 zhi2
Taiwan t`ien chih / tien chih
Japanese tenshoku / てんしょく
Chinese vocation; duty; mission in life
Japanese (1) vocation; lifework; calling; (2) sacred task (esp. the emperor's rule over the nation); (3) (See 天神・6) prostitute of the second-highest class (Edo period)


see styles
Japanese ibi;ibe / いび;いべ Japanese (See 御嶽・うたき) most hallowed grounds (of a sacred site in Okinawa)


see styles
Japanese yomeiwai / yomewai / よめいわい Japanese traditional Koshogatsu ceremony where the newly-wed wife is hit on the rump with a sacred wooden pole to ensure her fertility


see styles
Mandarin dìng dǐng / ding4 ding3
Taiwan ting ting
Chinese lit. to set up the sacred tripods (following Yu the Great); to fix the capital; to found a dynasty; used in advertising


see styles
Japanese hokura / ほくら Japanese (1) small shrine; (2) depository for sacred objects


see styles
Japanese toutoi / totoi / とうとい    tattoi / たっとい Japanese (adjective) precious; valuable; priceless; noble; exalted; sacred


see styles
Mandarin dài zōng / dai4 zong1
Taiwan tai tsung
Chinese another name for Mt Tai 泰山 in Shandong as principal or ancestor of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]; Mt Tai as resting place for departed souls


see styles
Mandarin sōng shān / song1 shan1
Taiwan sung shan
Japanese dakeyama / だけやま    dakesan / だけさん    takeyama / たけやま    suyama / すやま    suse / すせ
Chinese Mt Song in Henan, central of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]
Japanese (surname) Dakeyama; (personal name) Dakesan; (personal name) Takeyama; (surname) Suyama; (place-name) Suse



see styles
Mandarin kù lún / ku4 lun2
Taiwan k`u lun / ku lun
Japanese kuurun / kurun / クールン
Chinese enclosed pasture (Mongolian loanword); Kulun, the former name for modern Ulan Bator, capital of Mongolia (Mongolian: temple)
Japanese (place-name) Ulan Bator
K'urun, Urga, the Lamaistic center in Mongolia, the sacred city; Kurun


see styles
Japanese katashiro / かたしろ Japanese (1) paper, cloth, wood, etc. representation of a sacred object; (2) {Shinto} paper doll used in purification rites


see styles
Japanese mitake / みたけ    utaki / うたき Japanese (obscure) large, high mountain; (Okinawa) sacred site; sacred grove; (place-name, surname) Mitake; (personal name) Ontake; (personal name) Odake; (personal name) Otake


see styles
Japanese mitake / みたけ    utaki / うたき Japanese (obscure) large, high mountain; (Okinawa) sacred site; sacred grove; (place-name, surname) Mitake; (place-name) Utaki



see styles
Mandarin héng shān / heng2 shan1
Taiwan heng shan
Chinese Mt Heng in Shanxi, northern of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]; Hengshan district of Jixi city 雞西|鸡西[Ji1 xi1], Heilongjiang


see styles
Japanese saika / さいか Japanese (noun/participle) lighting a sacred flame by the light of the Sun


see styles
Mandarin jiào diǎn / jiao4 dian3
Taiwan chiao tien
Japanese kyouten / kyoten / きょうてん
Japanese scriptures; canon; teaching guide; (personal name) Michinori; (given name) Noritsune
The sacred books of a religion, or sect; scriptures


see styles
Japanese tabisho / たびしょ Japanese (See 御旅所) place where the sacred palanquin is lodged during a festival


see styles
Mandarin pǔ tuó / pu3 tuo2
Taiwan p`u t`o / pu to
Japanese Hoda
Chinese Putuo district of Zhoushan city 舟山市[Zhou1 shan1 shi4], Zhejiang
Potala, cf. 補, 布; it is also Pattala, an ancient port near the mouth of the Indus; the Potala in Lhasa, etc., but in this form especially the sacred island of Pootoo, off Ningpo; also called普陀洛伽山 Potaraka monastery.



see styles
Mandarin dōng yuè / dong1 yue4
Taiwan tung yüeh
Japanese Tōgaku
Chinese Mt Tai 泰山 in Shandong, one of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]
The Eastern Peak, Tai Shan in Shandong, one of the five sacred peaks; the god or spirit of this peak, whose protection is claimed all over China.


see styles
Mandarin fàn yǔ / fan4 yu3
Taiwan fan yü
Japanese bon'u
A sacred house, i.e. a Buddhist monastery, or temple.


see styles
Mandarin fàn zhì / fan4 zhi4
Taiwan fan chih
Japanese bonji
brahmacārin. 'studying sacred learning; practising continence or chastity.' M.W. A brahmacārī is a 'young Brahman in the first āśrama or period of his life' (M. W.); there are four such periods. A Buddhist ascetic with his will set on 梵 purity, also intp. as nirvana; brāhmaṇa


see styles
Mandarin tài shān / tai4 shan1
Taiwan t`ai shan / tai shan
Japanese taizan / たいざん
Chinese Tarzan (fictional character reared by apes in the jungle); Taishan township in New Taipei City 新北市[Xin1 bei3 shi4], Taiwan; Mt Tai in Shandong, eastern of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳[Wu3 yue4]
Japanese large mountain; Mt Taishan (China); (surname) Yasuyama; (surname) Taiyama; (given name) Taizan; (given name) Taisan
Tai Shan in Shandong, the eastern sacred mountain of China; Taishan


see styles
Japanese jouiki / joiki / じょういき Japanese sacred ground


see styles
Japanese jouka / joka / じょうか Japanese sacred fire


see styles
Japanese joukai / jokai / じょうかい Japanese sacred ground; the Pure Land


see styles
Japanese togyo / とぎょ Japanese (noun/participle) transferral of a sacred object from its place of enshrinement; imperial procession



see styles
Mandarin wú shèng / wu2 sheng4
Taiwan wu sheng
Japanese musei / muse / むせい
Japanese (given name) Musei
nothing sacred; nothing sacred


see styles
Japanese tamagushi / たまぐし    tamakushi / たまくし Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) (Shinto) branch of a sacred tree (esp. sakaki) with paper or cotton strips attached (used as an offering); (2) sakaki (species of evergreen sacred to Shinto, Cleyera japonica); (personal name) Tamagushi; (surname) Tamakushi


see styles
Japanese tamagushi / たまぐし    tamakushi / たまくし Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) (Shinto) branch of a sacred tree (esp. sakaki) with paper or cotton strips attached (used as an offering); (2) sakaki (species of evergreen sacred to Shinto, Cleyera japonica)


see styles
Japanese iwaibou / iwaibo / いわいぼう Japanese sacred wooden pole used in traditional Koshogatsu ceremonies


see styles
Japanese shinken / しんけん Japanese divine sword (one of the three sacred treasures)


see styles
Mandarin shén lì / shen2 li4
Taiwan shen li
Japanese shinryoku;shinriki;jinriki / しんりょく;しんりき;じんりき
Chinese occult force; the power of a God or spirit
Japanese (1) divine power; sacred power; mysterious power; (2) (しんりき only) Shinriki (variety of rice); (surname) Jinriki; (surname) Shinriki
v. 神通; supernatural powers


see styles
Mandarin shén qì / shen2 qi4
Taiwan shen ch`i / shen chi
Japanese jingi;shinki;shingi(ok) / じんぎ;しんき;しんぎ(ok)
Chinese magical object; object symbolic of imperial power; fine weapon
Japanese (1) (See 三種の神器・1) sacred treasure; the three sacred treasures (sword, jewel, mirror); (2) implement used in religious ceremonies


see styles
Japanese shinpou / shinpo / しんぽう Japanese sacred treasure; (surname) Shinpou; (place-name) Shinhou


see styles
Mandarin shén shān / shen2 shan1
Taiwan shen shan
Japanese jinyama / じんやま    shinzan / しんざん    kouyama / koyama / こやま    kamiyama / こうやま    kaminoyama / かみやま    kanayama / かみのやま    omiyama / かなやま
Chinese sacred mountain
Japanese (place-name, surname) Jin'yama; (place-name) Shinzan; (place-name) Koyama; (place-name, surname) Kouyama; (place-name, surname) Kamiyama; (surname) Kaminoyama; (surname) Kanayama; (personal name) Omiyama


see styles
Japanese shinza / しんざ Japanese place where there is a god or spirit; place containing the sacred object of a shrine; (surname) Jinza; (place-name) Kanza


see styles
Japanese hokura / ほくら    jinko / じんこ Japanese (1) small shrine; (2) depository for sacred objects; depository for sacred objects


see styles
Mandarin shén mù / shen2 mu4
Taiwan shen mu
Japanese shinboku;kanki(ok);kamuki(ok);kamiki(ok) / しんぼく;かんき(ok);かむき(ok);かみき(ok)
Chinese Shenmu County in Yulin 榆林[Yu2 lin2], Shaanxi
Japanese (1) sacred tree; (2) (しんぼく only) support pillars of the traditional fire festival bonfires; (surname) Shinboku; (place-name) Shiboku; (place-name) Kounogi; (personal name) Kougi; (surname) Kamiki; (surname) Kanagi; (surname) Kanaki


see styles
Japanese shinkyou / shinkyo / しんきょう Japanese sacred bridge; (surname) Kanbashi; (surname) Kamihashi


see styles
Mandarin shén diàn / shen2 dian4
Taiwan shen tien
Japanese shinden / しんでん
Chinese shrine
Japanese temple; sacred place; shrine; sanctuary; tabernacle; (surname) Kodono; (place-name) Koudono; (surname) Kouden; (place-name) Kandono


see styles
Japanese shinka / しんか Japanese sacred flame


see styles
Japanese shintou / shinto / しんとう Japanese sacred light


see styles
Japanese shintou / shinto / しんとう Japanese (out-dated kanji) sacred light


see styles
Japanese himorogi;hiborogi;himoroki;hiboroki / ひもろぎ;ひぼろぎ;ひもろき;ひぼろき Japanese (archaism) primitive shrine (originally a swath of sacred land surrounded by evergreens; later a decorated sakaki branch on an eight-legged table)


see styles
Japanese shinja / しんじゃ Japanese sacred snake; (surname) Kanjiya


see styles
Japanese miwa / みわ    miki / みき    shinshu / しんしゅ Japanese sacred wine or sake; sake offered to the gods; (surname, female given name) Miki


see styles
Japanese shinkyou / shinkyo / しんきょう Japanese divine mirror; sacred mirror (one of the three sacred treasures)



see styles
Mandarin shén mǎ / shen2 ma3
Taiwan shen ma
Japanese shinme;jinme;shinba;jime(ok) / しんめ;じんめ;しんば;じめ(ok)
Chinese mythical horse; Internet slang for 什麼|什么[shen2 me5]
Japanese sacred horse; (surname) Jinme; (surname) Jinma; (surname) Jinba; (surname) Shinme; (surname) Shinma; (surname) Shinba; (place-name) Kanba; (surname) Kamima; (surname) Kamiba; (surname) Kamiuma


see styles
Japanese zenjou / zenjo / ぜんじょう Japanese (1) {Buddh} dhyana-samadhi (meditative concentration); (2) (See 修験道) ascetic practice atop a sacred mountain (in Shugendō); (3) mountain top; (given name) Zenjou; (surname) Zensada


see styles
Japanese keiden / keden / けいでん Japanese sacred texts


see styles
Japanese kyouten;keiten / kyoten;keten / きょうてん;けいてん Japanese sacred books; sutras; scriptures; Bible


see styles
Japanese kyoudai / kyodai / きょうだい Japanese (1) title of a scripture or sacred text (e.g. Buddhist sutra); (2) (See 巻き物・まきもの・1) title on a scroll or rolled book


see styles
Japanese haguruma / はぐるま Japanese (See 御羽車) portable shrine used to transport a sacred object


see styles
Mandarin lǎo jun / lao3 jun1
Taiwan lao chün
Chinese Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism; the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi



see styles
Mandarin shèng shì / sheng4 shi4
Taiwan sheng shih
Japanese shōji
Sacred Monk's acolyte; Sacred Monk's acolyte



see styles
Mandarin shèng xiàng / sheng4 xiang4
Taiwan sheng hsiang
Japanese seizou / sezo / せいぞう
Chinese icon; iconic; religious image; figure (of Confucius, Buddha, Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary etc); CL:張|张[zhang1]
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) sacred image; icon


see styles
Japanese seigu / segu / せいぐ Japanese sacred utensil


see styles
Japanese seiken / seken / せいけん Japanese holy sword; sacred sword; (personal name) Seiken


see styles
Japanese seiiki / seki / せいいき Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) sacred precincts; sanctuary; consecrated ground; holy ground; (2) issue that is regarded as being off-limits; matter that is not up for discussion



see styles
Mandarin shèng xīn / sheng4 xin1
Taiwan sheng hsin
Japanese mimiko / みみこ    masami / まさみ    seishin / seshin / せいしん    satomi / さとみ
Chinese Sacred Heart (Christian)
Japanese (female given name) Mimiko; (female given name) Masami; (place-name) Seishin; (female given name) Satomi
The holy mind, that of Buddha.



see styles
Mandarin shèng jiào / sheng4 jiao4
Taiwan sheng chiao
Japanese seikyou / sekyo / せいきょう
Japanese sacred teachings; Confucianism; Christianity; (personal name) Seikyou; (personal name) Kiyonori
The teaching of the sage, or holy one; holy teaching; holy teaching(s)


see styles
Japanese seigaku / segaku / せいがく Japanese church music; sacred music; (female given name) Sera; (female given name) Seira


see styles
Japanese seisou / seso / せいそう Japanese holy lance; sacred spear


see styles
Japanese seiju / seju / せいじゅ Japanese (1) holy tree; sacred tree; (2) (See クリスマスツリー) Christmas tree; (given name) Masaki; (given name) Seiju; (given name) Seiki; (personal name) Shouki

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.


This page contains 100 results for "sacred" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary