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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin míng / ming2
Taiwan ming
Japanese mei / me / めい    min / みん    myou / myo / みょう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese bright; opposite: dark 暗[an4]; (of meaning) clear; to understand; next; public or open; wise; generic term for a sacrifice to the gods; Ming Dynasty (1368-1644); surname Ming; Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝[Yan2 di4] descended from Shennong 神農|神农[Shen2 nong2] Farmer God
Japanese (1) brightness; (2) clarity; acumen; (3) power of vision; Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644); (1) {Buddh} vidya (wisdom); (2) (See 真言・1) mantra; (prefix) (3) the coming (4th of July, etc.); (surname) Meishuu; (female given name) Mei; (given name) Min; (surname) Myoujin; (surname) Myou; (female given name) Hinata; (female given name) Haru; (female given name) Toshi; (given name) Tooru; (female given name) Sayaka; (female given name) Saya; (male given name) Satoshi; (personal name) Asumi; (surname) Akera; (personal name) Akemine; (surname) Akesaki; (place-name, surname) Ake; (female given name) Akuru; (surname) Akiraka; (surname, female given name) Akira; (u
vidyā, knowledge. ming means bright, clear, enlightenment, intp. by 智慧 or 聰明 wisdom, wise; to understand. It represents Buddha-wisdom and its revelation; also the manifestation of a Buddha's light or effulgence; it is a term for 眞言 because the 'true word' can destroy the obscurity of illusion; the 'manifestation' of the power of the object of worship; it means also dhāraṇīs or mantras of mystic wisdom. Also, the Ming dynasty A. D. 1368-1644.

see styles
Mandarin àn / an4
Taiwan an
Japanese hikage / ひかげ    harai / はらい    an / あん    ado / あど    atou / ato / あとう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese dark; gloomy; hidden; secret; muddled; obscure; in the dark
Japanese (female given name) Hikage; (surname) Harai; (given name) An; (personal name) Ado; (personal name) Atou
Dark, dim, gloom, dull; secret, hidden; darkness

see styles
Mandarin yǎn / yan3
Taiwan yen
Japanese manako / まなこ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese eye; small hole; crux (of a matter); CL:隻|只[zhi1],雙|双[shuang1]; classifier for big hollow things (wells, stoves, pots etc)
Japanese (1) eye; eyeball; (2) (archaism) pupil and (dark) iris of the eye; (3) (archaism) insight; perceptivity; power of observation; (4) (archaism) look; field of vision; (5) (archaism) core; center; centre; essence; (surname) Mesaki; (female given name) Manako
cakṣuh, the eye.

see styles
Mandarin/ zi3
Taiwan tzu
Japanese murasaki / むらさき
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese purple; violet; amethyst; Lithospermum erythrorhizon (flowering plant whose root provides red purple dye); Japanese: murasaki
Japanese (1) purple; violet; (2) (kana only) Lithospermum erythrorhizon (species of gromwell); (3) (See 醤油) type of soy sauce; (female given name) Yukari; (female given name) Yuka; (surname, female given name) Murasaki; (surname) Takauji; (female given name) Shiori; (female given name) Akane
Purple, dark red; violet

see styles
Mandarin/ mi4
Taiwan mi
Japanese mitsu(p);michi(ok) / みつ(P);みち(ok)
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese honey
Japanese (1) nectar; (2) honey; (3) honeydew; (4) treacle; molasses; (5) sorbitol (when visible as dark patches inside an apple); (female given name) Mitsu
Honey; translit. m.

see styles
Mandarin/ he4
Taiwan ho
Japanese katsu
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese brown; gray or dark color; coarse hemp cloth; Taiwan pr. [he2]
Coarse serge, hence poverty.

see styles
Mandarin àn / an4
Taiwan an
Japanese yami / やみ
Chinese to close (a door); to eclipse; muddled; stupid; ignorant; variant of 暗[an4]
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) darkness; the dark; dark; (2) bewilderment; despair; hopelessness; (3) black-marketeering; shady; illegal; under-the-table; (personal name) Awa
To shut; dark; retired; translit. am, cf. 暗, 菴; to withdraw

see styles
Mandarin hēi / hei1
Taiwan hei
Japanese koku
Chinese black; dark; sinister; secret; shady; illegal; to hide (something) away; to vilify; (loanword) to hack (computing); abbr. for Heilongjiang province 黑龍江|黑龙江[Hei1 long2 jiang1]
kāla; kṛṣṇa; black; dark.

see styles
Mandarin shǔ / shu3
Taiwan shu
Japanese nezumi(p);nezu;nezumi(p) / ねずみ(P);ねず;ネズミ(P)
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese rat; mouse; CL:隻|只[zhi1]
Japanese (1) (kana only) mouse; rat; (2) (See 鼠色) dark gray; dark grey; slate (color, colour)
muṣa; ākhu; a mouse, rat.


see styles
Japanese kurai / くらい
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (adjective) (1) dark; gloomy; (2) dark (in colour); dull; (3) depressed; dispirited; (4) sorrowful; bitter (as in a dark past); (5) unclear; unfamiliar; unknown


see styles
Mandarin hēi àn / hei1 an4
Taiwan hei an
Chinese dark; darkly; darkness


see styles
Japanese daaku / daku / ダーク
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) dark; (personal name) Dark; Darke



see styles
Mandarin qì lǐ sè ná / qi4 li3 se4 na2
Taiwan ch`i li se na / chi li se na
Japanese Kirishina
kṛṣna, black, dark. dark blue; Krishna, the hero-god of India, 'with Buddhists he is chief of the black demons, who are enemies of Buddha and the white demons.' M. W.

see styles
Mandarin yǎo / yao3
Taiwan yao
Japanese you / yo / よう
Chinese dark and quiet; disappear
Japanese (adj-t,adv-to) (See 杳として) dark; not understood; unknown; (female given name) Haruka


see styles
Mandarin yōu míng / you1 ming2
Taiwan yu ming
Japanese yuumei / yume / ゆうめい
Chinese dark; hell; netherworld; hades
Japanese semidarkness; deep and strange; hades; the present and the other world; dark and light
darkness; darkness


see styles
Mandarin yōu míng / you1 ming2
Taiwan yu ming
Japanese yuumei / yume / ゆうめい
Chinese the hidden and the visible; that which can be seen and that which cannot; darkness and light; night and day; wisdom and ignorance; evil and good; the living and the dead; men and ghosts
Japanese semidarkness; deep and strange; hades; the present and the other world; dark and light; (given name) Yuumei
darkness and light; darkness and light


see styles
Mandarin àn zhōng / an4 zhong1
Taiwan an chung
Japanese anchuu / anchu / あんちゅう
Chinese in the dark; in secret; on the sly; surreptitiously
Japanese in the dark


see styles
Mandarin àn shì / an4 shi4
Taiwan an shih
Japanese anshitsu / あんしつ
Chinese darkroom
Japanese dark room


see styles
Mandarin chá hè sè / cha2 he4 se4
Taiwan ch`a ho se / cha ho se
Japanese chakasshoku / ちゃかっしょく
Chinese dark brown; tawny
Japanese dark reddish-brown; liver color
brownish color made from bark

see styles
Mandarin míng / ming2
Taiwan ming
Japanese mei / me / めい
Chinese dark; deep; stupid; the underworld
Japanese (female given name) Mei
Darkness, obscurity; deep. Hades; used chiefly in the sense of 無知 ignorance, profound, secret, invisible, e.g. as opposed to 顯 open, manifest.

see styles
Mandarin mèi / mei4
Taiwan mei
Japanese mai
Chinese to conceal; dark

see styles
Mandarin huì / hui4
Taiwan hui
Japanese misoka / みそか    miso / みそ    tsugomori / つごもり    tsukigomori / つきごもり    tsukikomori / つきこもり
Chinese last day of a lunar month; dark; night
Japanese last day of the month; (archaism) last day of the month
The last day of the moon; night; dark, obscure; unlucky.

see styles
Mandarin míng / ming2
Taiwan ming
Chinese dark

see styles
Mandarin mèn / men4
Taiwan men
Chinese dark

see styles
Mandarin tán / tan2
Taiwan t`an / tan
Japanese kumori / くもり
Chinese dark clouds
Japanese cloudiness; cloudy weather; shadow; (surname) Kumori
Clouds covering the sun, spreading clouds; translit. dh in dharma 曇摩, 曇磨, 曇無; v. 達 and 法. Dharma is also the initial character for a number of names of noted Indian monks, e.g. 曇磨毱多; 達摩瞿諦; 曇無德 Dharmagupta, founder of a school, the 曇無德部 which flourished in Ceylon A.D 400. Also Dharmajātayaśas, Dharmakāla, Dharmākara, Dharmamitra, Dharmanandi, Dharmapriya, Dharmarakṣa, Dharmaruci, Dharmasatva, Dharmayaśas, etc.

see styles
Mandarin/ ru2
Taiwan ju
Chinese color of the sun; dark

see styles
Mandarin xiàng / xiang4
Taiwan hsiang
Japanese tsurubami / つるばみ
Chinese oak; Quercus serrata
Japanese (1) (archaism) (See 橡・くぬぎ,橡・どんぐり) sawtooth oak (Quercus acutissima); acorn; (2) (archaism) dark grey; dark gray; (surname) Kunugi

see styles
Mandarin yǐn // yān // yīn / yin3 // yan1 // yin1
Taiwan yin // yen
Japanese in / いん
Chinese roll of thunder; flourishing; abundant; earnest; hospitable; dark red; surname Yin; dynasty name at the end the Shang dynasty, after their move to Yinxu 殷墟 in modern Henan province
Japanese Yin Dynasty (of China); (personal name) Tadasu; (given name) Tadashi; (surname) Ooi; (surname) In

see styles
Mandarin shēn / shen1
Taiwan shen
Japanese mi / み    fuke / ふけ
Chinese deep; depth; deeply; (of a color) dark; deep; rich
Japanese (ateji / phonetic) (prefix) (1) (honorific or respectful language) august; (2) beautiful; (n,n-suf) growing late; latening; (female given name) Fukami; (given name) Fukashi; (surname) Fukasaki; (place-name, surname) Fuka; (given name) Shin
Deep, profound, abstruse.

see styles
Mandarin nóng / nong2
Taiwan nung
Japanese nou;ko / no;ko / のう;こ
Chinese concentrated; dense; strong (smell etc)
Japanese (prefix) (1) (See 濃グレー・のうグレー) dark (color); (2) (のう only) concentrated; thick; (surname) Nouzaki; (female given name) Nou; (given name) Atsushi

see styles
Mandarin xuán / xuan2
Taiwan hsüan
Japanese fukashi / ふかし    hiroshi / ひろし    hyon / ひょん    hikaru / ひかる    haruka / はるか    hajime / はじめ    takashi / たかし    shizuka / しずか    sachimi / さちみ    gensou / genso / げんそう    genji / げんじ    gen / げん    kurou / kuro / くろう
Chinese black; mysterious
Japanese (given name) Fukashi; (given name) Hiroshi; (surname) Hyon; (given name) Hikaru; (surname, female given name) Haruka; (given name) Hajime; (personal name) Takashi; (female given name) Shizuka; (personal name) Sachimi; (personal name) Gensou; (personal name) Genji; (surname) Gen; (surname) Kurou
Dark, sombre, black; abstruse, obscure, deep, profound; hence it is used to indicate Daoism, and was afterwards adopted by the Buddhists.

see styles
Mandarin mán / man2
Taiwan man
Chinese to conceal from; to keep (sb) in the dark

see styles
Mandarin yǎo / yao3
Taiwan yao
Chinese dark; deep; southeast corner of room

see styles
Mandarin/ qi2
Taiwan ch`i / chi
Chinese dark gray; straw sandals

see styles
Mandarin/ qi2
Taiwan ch`i / chi
Chinese dark gray; superlative; variegated

see styles
Mandarin qiàn / qian4
Taiwan ch`ien / chien
Chinese dark red color (of silk product)

see styles
Mandarin/ zi1
Taiwan tzu
Japanese shi
Chinese Buddhists; black silk; dark
Black garments; at one time black was used for monastic robes.

see styles
Mandarin fēi / fei1
Taiwan fei
Japanese hi / ひ    ake / あけ    aka / あか
Chinese dark red; purple silk
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) scarlet; red; (2) blood; (out-dated kanji) (1) red; crimson; scarlet; (2) red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange); (3) (colloquialism) Red (i.e. communist); (4) (abbreviation) red light; (5) (abbreviation) red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading); (in) the red; (adj-no,n-pref) (6) complete; total; perfect; obvious; (personal name) Hi; (female given name) Akai; (personal name) Aka

see styles
Mandarin qiū / qiu1
Taiwan ch`iu / chiu
Japanese hagi / はぎ
Chinese Lespedeza bicolor
Japanese (1) (kana only) bush clover; Japanese clover (any flowering plant of genus Lespedeza); (2) dark red exterior with blue interior (color combination worn in autumn); (surname) Hagizaki; (p,s,f) Hagi; (surname) Takahashi; (personal name) Shuu

see styles
Mandarin cāng / cang1
Taiwan ts`ang / tsang
Japanese ao / あお
Chinese dark blue; deep green; ash-gray; surname Cang
Japanese (n,adj-no,adj-na) (1) blue; (2) green; (3) (abbreviation) green light; (4) black (horse coat color); (prefix) (5) immature; unripe; young; (personal name) Souji; (given name) Soukan; (surname, female given name) Sou; (given name) Shigeru; (female given name) Azuri; (surname, female given name) Aoi; (female given name) Ao
Azure; the heavens; grey, old.

see styles
Mandarin yīn / yin1
Taiwan yin
Japanese hoto / ほと    in / いん
Chinese overcast (weather); cloudy; shady; Yin (the negative principle of Yin and Yang); negative (electric.); feminine; moon; implicit; hidden; genitalia; surname Yin
Japanese (archaism) female private parts; female genitals; (1) (ant: 陽・1) yin (i.e. the negative); (2) (See 陰に) unseen location (i.e. somewhere private); (surname) Kage
Shade, dark, the shades, the negative as opposed to the positive principle, female, the moon, back, secret. In Buddhism it is the phenomenal, as obscuring the true nature of things; also the aggregation of phenomenal things resulting in births and deaths, hence it is used as a translation like 蘊 q.v. for skandha, the 五陰 being the five skandhas or aggregates.

see styles
Mandarin ài / ai4
Taiwan ai
Chinese misty; cloudy sky; dark; obscure

see styles
Mandarin qīng / qing1
Taiwan ch`ing / ching
Japanese shō
Chinese variant of 青[qing1]
nīla, blue, dark-coloured; also green, black, or grey; clear.

see styles
Mandarin tiě / tie3
Taiwan t`ieh / tieh
Chinese dark brown horse

see styles
Mandarin/ li2
Taiwan li
Japanese rei / re / れい    hajimu / はじむ    tami / たみ
Chinese (literary) black; dark; many; multitude; Li ethnic group of Hainan Province; surname Li; abbr. for Lebanon 黎巴嫩[Li2 ba1 nen4]
Japanese (surname, female given name) Rei; (personal name) Hajimu; (female given name) Tami
Black, black-haired; cf. 離, 利, 梨, etc.

see styles
Mandarin/ mo4
Taiwan mo
Japanese moku
Chinese silent; to write from memory
Dark, secret, silent, profound.

see styles
Mandarin yǒu / you3
Taiwan yu
Chinese black; dark green

see styles
Mandarin/ qu1
Taiwan ch`ü / chü
Chinese black; dark

see styles
Mandarin/ li2
Taiwan li
Chinese dark; sallow color

see styles
Mandarin tán / tan2
Taiwan t`an / tan
Chinese black, dark; unclear; private

see styles
Mandarin àn / an4
Taiwan an
Chinese deep black; dark; dull (color)

see styles
Mandarin cǎn / can3
Taiwan ts`an / tsan
Chinese dark; dim; gloomy; bleak


see styles
Japanese hagi / ハギ Japanese (1) (kana only) bush clover; Japanese clover (any flowering plant of genus Lespedeza); (2) dark red exterior with blue interior (color combination worn in autumn); (female given name) Hagi



see styles
Mandarin qī bǎo / qi1 bao3
Taiwan ch`i pao / chi pao
Japanese shichihō
sapta ratna 薩不荅羅的捺 The seven treasures, or precious things, of which there are varying descriptions, e.g. 金 suvarna, gold; 銀rūpya, silver; 鐂璃 vaiḍūrya, lapis lazuli; 玻瓈sphaṭika, crystal; 硨磲 musāragalva, agate; 赤珠 rohita-mukta, rubies or red pearls; 瑪瑙 aśmagarbha, cornelian. Also the seven royal (cakravartin) treasures―the golden wheel; elephants; dark swift horses; the divine pearl, or beautiful pearls; able ministers of the Treasury; jewels of women; and loyal generals; seven kinds of precious materials


see styles
Mandarin èr nǚ / er4 nv3
Taiwan erh nü
Japanese nijo / にじょ
Japanese second daughter
The two sisters, one the deva 功德女 "merit" or "achieving", who causes people to acquire wealth; the other, 黑闇女 the "dark" one, who causes them to spend and waste; these sisters always accompany each other.


see styles
Japanese meimei / meme / めいめい Japanese (adj-t,adv-to,adj-no,n) dark; invisible


see styles
Japanese kurai / くらい Japanese (adjective) (1) dark; gloomy; (2) dark (in colour); dull; (3) depressed; dispirited; (4) sorrowful; bitter (as in a dark past); (5) unclear; unfamiliar; unknown


see styles
Mandarin míng míng / ming2 ming2
Taiwan ming ming
Japanese meimei / meme / めいめい
Japanese (adj-t,adv-to,adj-no,n) dark; invisible
darkness; darkness



see styles
Mandarin míng chén / ming2 chen2
Taiwan ming ch`en / ming chen
Japanese myōjin
dark (or obscure) dust (or objects of the sense-organs); dark (or obscure) dust (or objects of the sense-organs)


see styles
Mandarin míng rán / ming2 ran2
Taiwan ming jan
Japanese myōnen


see styles
Mandarin míng jiè / ming2 jie4
Taiwan ming chieh
Japanese meikai / mekai / めいかい
Chinese ghost world
Japanese hades; realm of the dead
Hades, or the three lower forms of incarnation, i.e. hell, preta, animal; dark realm(s)


see styles
Mandarin míng dào / ming2 dao4
Taiwan ming tao
Japanese meidō
Chinese the gateway to the ghost world
冥途; 冥土 The dark way, or land of darkness, the shades, Hades, pretas, etc; negative destinies


see styles
Mandarin shí èr / shi2 er4
Taiwan shih erh
Japanese juuni / juni / じゅうに
Chinese twelve; 12
Japanese 12; twelve; (given name) Tooji; (place-name, surname) Juuni
dvātriṃśa. Thirty-two. 三十二應 (or 三十二身) The thirty-two forms of Guanyin, and of Puxian, ranging from that of a Buddha to that of a man, a maid, a rakṣas; similar to the thirty-three forms named in the Lotus Sūtra. 三十二相三十二大人相 dvātriṃśadvaralakṣaṇa. The thirty-two lakṣaṇas, or physical marks of a cakravartī, or 'wheel-king', especially of the Buddha, i. e. level feet, thousand-spoke wheel-sign on feet, long slender fingers, pliant hands and feet, toes and fingers finely webbed, full-sized heels, arched insteps, thighs like a royal stag, hands reaching below the knees well-retracted male organ, height and stretch of arms equal, every hair-root dark coloured, body hair graceful and curly, golden-hued body, a 10 ft. halo around him, soft smooth skin, the 七處, i. e. two soles, two palms, two shoulders, and crown well rounded, below the armpits well-filled, lion-shaped body, erect, full shoulders, forty teeth, teeth white even and close, the four canine teeth pure white, lion-jawed, saliva improving the taste of all food, tongue long and broad, voice deep and resonant, eyes deep blue, eyelashes like a royal bull, a white ūrnā or curl between the eyebrows emitting light, an uṣṇīṣa or fleshy protuberance on the crown. These are from the 三藏法數 48, with which the 智度論 4, 涅盤經 28, 中阿含經, 三十ニ相經 generally agree. The 無量義經 has a different list. 三十二相經 The eleventh chapter of the 阿含經. 三十二相經願 The twenty-first of Amitābha's vows, v. 無量壽經. 三十三 trayastriṃśat. Thirty-three. 三十三天忉利天; 憺梨天, 多羅夜登陵舍; 憺利夜登陵奢; 憺利耶憺利奢 Trayastriṃśas. The Indra heaven, the second of the six heavens of form. Its capital is situated on the summit of Mt. Sumeru, where Indra rules over his thirty-two devas, who reside on thirty-two peaks of Sumeru, eight in each of the four directons. Indra's capital is called 殊勝 Sudarśana, 喜見城 Joy-view city. Its people are a yojana in height, each one's clothing weighs 六鐵 (1; 4 oz. ), and they live 1, 000 years, a day and night being equal to 100 earthly years. Eitel says Indra's heaven 'tallies in all its details with the Svarga of Brahminic mythology' and suggests that 'the whole myth may have an astronomical meaning', or be connected, with 'the atmosphere with its phenomena, which strengthens Koeppen's hypothesis explaining the number thirty-three as referring to the eight Vasus, eleven Rudras, twelve Ādityas, and two Aśvins of Vedic mythology'. In his palace called Vaijayanta 'Indra is enthroned with 1, 000 eyes with four arms grasping the vajra. There he revels in numberless sensual pleasures together with his wife Śacī... and with 119, 000 concubines with whom he associates by means of transformation'.; dvādaśa, twelve.


see styles
Mandarin shí xīn / shi2 xin1
Taiwan shih hsin
Japanese jisshin
The ten kinds of heart or mind; there are three groups. One is from the 止觀 4, minds ignorant and dark; affected by evil companions; not following the good; doing evil in thought, word, deed; spreading evil abroad; unceasingly wicked; secret sin; open crime; utterly shameless; denying cause and effect (retribution)―all such must remain in the flow 流 of reincarnation. The second group (from the same book) is the 逆流 the mind striving against the stream of perpetual reincarnation; it shows itself in devout faith, shame (for sin), fear (of wrong-doing), repentance and confession, reform, bodhi (i.e. the bodhisattva mind), doing good, maintaining the right law, thinking on all the Buddhas, meditation on the void (or, the unreality of sin). The third is the 眞言 group from the 大日經疏 3; the "seed" heart (i.e. the original good desire), the sprout (under Buddhist religious influence), the bud, leaf, flower, fruit, its serviceableness; the child-heart, the discriminating heart, the heart of settled judgment (or resolve); ten kinds of mind



see styles
Mandarin mò lǜ / mo4 lu:4
Taiwan mo lü
Chinese dark green; forest green


see styles
Japanese yome / よめ Japanese in the dark


see styles
Japanese ooana / おおあな Japanese (1) large hole; (2) great deficit; heavy losses; (3) big and unexpected winnings; a killing (e.g. on a race); (4) dark horse (horse racing); (female given name) Daiana; (place-name, surname) Ooana


see styles
Japanese tenmoku / てんもく Japanese (1) tenmoku; ceramics (esp. tea bowls) with a dark glaze that resembles oil spotting; (2) (abbreviation) (See 天目茶碗) tenmoku tea-bowl; dark-glazed conical tea-bowl of Chinese origin; (place-name, surname) Tenmoku


see styles
Mandarin tiān hēi / tian1 hei1
Taiwan t`ien hei / tien hei
Chinese to get dark; dusk



see styles
Mandarin ní luó / ni2 luo2
Taiwan ni lo
Japanese nairu(p);nairu / ナイル(P);ないる
Chinese the Nile
Japanese (kana only) Nile (river)
nila, dark blue or green; (Skt. nīla)


see styles
Japanese yamagarasu / やまがらす Japanese (1) crow in the mountains; (2) jungle crow (Corvus macrorhynchos); (3) rook (species of crow, Corvus frugilegus); (4) (archaism) (derogatory term) dark-skinned person


see styles
Japanese yamagarasu / やまがらす Japanese (1) crow in the mountains; (2) jungle crow (Corvus macrorhynchos); (3) rook (species of crow, Corvus frugilegus); (4) (archaism) (derogatory term) dark-skinned person


see styles
Japanese yuuyuu / yuyu / ゆうゆう Japanese (adj-t,adv-to) deep; dark; quiet


see styles
Mandarin yōu yōu / you1 you1
Taiwan yu yu
Japanese yuuyuu / yuyu / ゆうゆう
Chinese faint; indistinct
Japanese (adj-t,adv-to) deep; dark; quiet


see styles
Japanese yuusou / yuso / ゆうそう Japanese quiet window (poet.); dark window



see styles
Mandarin yōu lǜ / you1 lu:4
Taiwan yu lü
Chinese moss green; dark sea green


see styles
Mandarin yōu tú / you1 tu2
Taiwan yu t`u / yu tu
Japanese yū to
dark destinies; dark destinies



see styles
Mandarin yōu bì / you1 bi4
Taiwan yu pi
Japanese yuuhei / yuhe / ゆうへい
Japanese (noun/participle) confinement; imprisonment; incarceration
shut up in a dark room; shut up in a dark room


see styles
Japanese kaiu / かいう Japanese rainfall of a strange, dark color (colour); whirlwinds accompanied by rain which also drops strange objects such as fish



see styles
Mandarin cǎn dàn / can3 dan4
Taiwan ts`an tan / tsan tan
Chinese dark; gloomy; dismal; by painstaking effort



see styles
Mandarin cǎn hóng / can3 hong2
Taiwan ts`an hung / tsan hung
Chinese dark red


see styles
Japanese kachiiro / kachiro / かちいろ Japanese dark indigo (almost black)


see styles
Mandarin mō hēi / mo1 hei1
Taiwan mo hei
Chinese to grope about in the dark



see styles
Mandarin zhī qiān / zhi1 qian1
Taiwan chih ch`ien / chih chien
Japanese shiken / しけん
Japanese (personal name) Shiken
Chih-ch'ien; name of a Yueh-chih monk said to have come to Loyang at the end of the Han dynasty and under the Wei; tall, dark, emaciated, with light brown eyes; very learned and wise; Zhi Qian


see styles
Mandarin míng yuè / ming2 yue4
Taiwan ming yüeh
Japanese meigetsu / megetsu / めいげつ
Chinese bright moon; refers to 夜明珠, a legendary pearl that can glow in the dark; CL:輪|轮[lun2]
Japanese (1) harvest moon; (2) bright moon; full moon; (place-name) Meigetsu; (female given name) Atsuki; (surname) Akidzuki
The bright moon.


see styles
Japanese kurai / くらい Japanese (adjective) (1) dark; gloomy; (2) dark (in colour); dull; (3) depressed; dispirited; (4) sorrowful; bitter (as in a dark past); (5) unclear; unfamiliar; unknown


see styles
Mandarin hūn mèi / hun1 mei4
Taiwan hun mei
Japanese konmai


see styles
Mandarin hūn huì / hun1 hui4
Taiwan hun hui
Japanese konkai
Obscure, dark.


see styles
Japanese kuramu / くらむ Japanese (v5m,vi) (1) (kana only) to be dazzled by; to be dizzied by; to be disoriented by; (2) (kana only) to be lost in (greed, lust, etc.); (3) (archaism) to become dark


see styles
Mandarin huì àn / hui4 an4
Taiwan hui an
Chinese dark and gloomy


see styles
Japanese gyouan / gyoan / ぎょうあん    akatsukiyami;akatokiyami / あかつきやみ;あかときやみ Japanese dark before dawn; moonless dawn


see styles
Japanese kuramu / くらむ Japanese (v5m,vi) (1) (kana only) to be dazzled by; to be dizzied by; to be disoriented by; (2) (kana only) to be lost in (greed, lust, etc.); (3) (archaism) to become dark


see styles
Japanese anya / あんや Japanese dark night


see styles
Japanese angu / あんぐ Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) (1) imbecility; feeblemindedness; (2) dark


see styles
Japanese ansuu / ansu / あんすう Japanese dark figure (esp. of crime); dark number; hidden figure; difference between the actual and reported figure


see styles
Mandarin àn dàn / an4 dan4
Taiwan an tan
Chinese dark; dim (light); dull (color); drab; (fig.) gloomy; bleak


see styles
Japanese antan / あんたん Japanese (adj-t,adv-to) dark; gloomy; somber; depressing


see styles
Japanese anzen / あんぜん Japanese (adj-t,adv-to) (1) dark; gloomy; black; unclear; (2) doleful; discouraged; disappointed; tearful; dispirited


see styles
Japanese anketsu / あんけつ Japanese (1) dark hole; (2) idiot; fool; (3) (abbreviation) historical road


see styles
Japanese anryoku / あんりょく Japanese dark green


This page contains 100 results for "dark" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary