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Asura in Chinese / Japanese...

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Frightful Demon / Asura

ē xiū luó
Frightful Demon / Asura Scroll

This demon title comes from the ancient Sanskrit word Asura.

阿修羅 is often used in Buddhism when describing various demons. Sometimes defined as "Fighting and battling giant demon".

In the context of Buddhism: This title originally meant a spirit, spirits, or even the gods (perhaps before 1700 years ago). It now generally indicates titanic demons, enemies of the gods, with whom, especially Indra, they wage constant war. They are defined as "not devas", and "ugly", and "without wine". There are four classes of asuras, separated according to their manner of rebirth. They can be egg-born, womb-born, transformation-born, and spawn- or water-born. Their abode is in the ocean, north of Sumeru but certain of the weaker dwell in a western mountain cave. They have realms, rulers, and palaces, as have the devas.

In terms of power, Asuras rank above humans but below most of the other deities. They live in the area near the coastal foot of Mount Sumeru (on the northern side). Their domain is partially or wholly in the ocean.

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Frightful Demon
ashuraē xiū luó
e1 xiu1 luo2
e xiu luo
o hsiu lo
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your asura search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
ā xiū luó / a1 xiu1 luo2
a hsiu lo
 ashura;asura / あしゅら;あすら
Frightful Demon / Asura Scroll
Asura, malevolent spirits in Indian mythology
{Buddh} Asura; demigod; anti-god; titan; demigods that fight the Devas (gods) in Hindu mythology; (female given name) Ashura
asura, 修羅 originally meaning a spirit, spirits, or even the gods, it generally indicates titanic demons, enemies of the gods, with whom, especially Indra, they wage constant war. They are defined as 'not devas', and 'ugly', and 'without wine'. Other forms are 阿須羅 (or 阿蘇羅, or 阿素羅); 阿修倫 (or羅須倫 or 阿修輪 or 羅須輪); 阿素洛; 阿差. Four classes are named according to their manner of rebirth-egg, born, womb-born, transformation-born, and spawn- or water-born. Their abode is in the ocean, north of Sumeru, but certain of the weaker dwell in a western mountain cave. They have realms, rulers, and palaces, as have the devas. The 阿修羅道 is one of the six gatis, or ways of reincarnation. The 修羅場 or 修羅巷 is the battlefield of the asuras against Indra. The 阿修羅琴 are their harps.


see styles
qī qù / qi1 qu4
ch`i ch`ü / chi chü
The seven gati or states of sentient beings- nārakagati, in hell; preta, hungry ghost; tiryagyoni, animal; manuṣya, man; ṛṣi, a genius or higher spiritual being; deva, god; asura, demon of the higher order; seven destinies



see styles
xiū luó / xiu1 luo2
hsiu lo
 shura;sura / しゅら;すら
Asura, malevolent spirits in Indian mythology
(1) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 阿修羅) Asura; demigod; anti-god; titan; demigods that fight the Devas (gods) in Hindu mythology; (2) fighting; carnage; conflict; strife; (3) sledge (for conveying large rocks, logs, etc.); (4) (See 滑道) log slide; chute; flume; (female given name) Shura
asura, demons who war with Indra; v. 阿修羅; it is also sura, which means a god, or deity; (Skt. asura)


see styles
bā bù / ba1 bu4
pa pu
 hachibu / はちぶ
(abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 八部衆) the eight legions (devas, nagas, yaksas, gandharvas, asuras, garudas, kimnaras, mahoragas); (surname) Yabe
(八部衆) The eight classes of supernatural beings in the Lotus sūtra: 天 deva, 龍 nāga, 夜叉yakṣa, 乾闥婆 gandharva, 阿修羅 asura, 迦樓羅 garuḍa, 緊那羅 kinnara, 摩喉羅迦 mahoraga. Also called 天龍八部 and 龍神八部; eight kinds of beings


see styles
liù qù / liu4 qu4
liu ch`ü / liu chü
The six directions of reincarnation, also 六道: (1) 地獄趣 naraka-gati, or that of the hells; (2) 餓鬼趣 preta-gati, of hungry ghosts; (3) 畜生趣 tiryagyoni-gati, of animals; (4) 阿修羅趣 asura-gati, of malevolent nature spirits; (5 ) 人趣 manuṣya-gati, of human existence; (6) 天趣 deva-gati, of deva existence. The 六趣輪廻經 is attributed to Aśvaghoṣa; six destinies


see styles
liù dào / liu4 dao4
liu tao
 rokudou / rokudo / ろくどう
{Buddh} the six realms (Deva realm, Asura realm, Human realm, Animal realm, Hungry Ghost realm, Naraka realm); (place-name) Rokudou
The six ways or conditions of sentient existence; v. 六趣; the three higher are the 上三途, the three lower 下三途; six destinies


see styles
pó zhì / po2 zhi4
p`o chih / po chih
bandhi, or bali, the origin and meaning are obscure, defined as 'bound' and also as round, full-orbed, complete. Bandhiasura, an asura -king. Also, 婆梨; 跋稚; 跋塀; 跋移; 末利; Balin


see styles
mò lí / mo4 li2
mo li
Bali, an asura king.


see styles
fǎ jiè / fa3 jie4
fa chieh
 hokkai;houkai / hokkai;hokai / ほっかい;ほうかい
(1) {Buddh} universe; (2) {Buddh} realm of thought; (3) {Buddh} underlying principle of reality; manifestation of true thusness; (4) (ほうかい only) (abbreviation) (See 法界悋気) being jealous of things that have nothing to do with one; being jealous of others who are in love with each other
dharmadhātu, 法性; 實相; 達磨馱都 Dharma-element, -factor, or-realm. (1) A name for "things" in general, noumenal or phenomenal; for the physical universe, or any portion or phase of it. (2) The unifying underlying spiritual reality regarded as the ground or cause of all things, the absolute from which all proceeds. It is one of the eighteen dhātus. These are categories of three, four, five, and ten dharmadhātus; the first three are combinations of 事 and 理 or active and passive, dynamic and static; the ten are: Buddha-realm, Bodhisattva-realm, pratyekabuddha-realm, śrāvaka, deva, Human, asura, Demon, Animal, and Hades realms-a Huayan category. Tiantai has ten for meditaton, i.e. the realms of the eighteen media of perception (the six organs, six objects, and six sense-data or sensations), of illusion, sickness, karma, māra, samādhi, (false) views, pride, the two lower Vehicles, and the Bodhisattva Vehicle; experiential realm



see styles
jiū yuán / jiu1 yuan2
chiu yüan
Kupana, 鳩洹; 仇桓; an asura who swells with anger; Kumbhâṇḍa


see styles
sān shàn dào / san1 shan4 dao4
san shan tao
 san zendō
(or 三善趣) The three good or upward directions or states of existence: 天 the highest class of goodness rewarded with the deva life, or heaven; 人 the middle class of goodness with a return to human life; 阿修羅 the inferior class of goodness with the asura state. Cf. 三惡道; v. 智度論 30; three good destinies



see styles
xiū luó jun / xiu1 luo2 jun1
hsiu lo chün
 shura no ikusa
The army of asuras, fighting on the 修羅場 asura battlefield against Indra; army of titans



see styles
xiū luó dào / xiu1 luo2 dao4
hsiu lo tao
 shuradou / shurado / しゅらどう
(1) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 阿修羅道) Asura realm; (2) scene of carnage
(or 修羅趣) asura way, or destiny; rebirth as an asura



see styles
xiū luó jiǔ / xiu1 luo2 jiu3
hsiu lo chiu
surā, wine, spirits; but it is also intp. as asura wine, i.e. the nonexistent.


see styles
 asura / あすら (female given name) Asura


see styles
 asura / あすら (female given name) Asura


see styles
 aasura / asura / アースラ (personal name) Ursula


see styles
wǔ dào liù dào / wu3 dao4 liu4 dao4
wu tao liu tao
 godō rokudō
There is difference of statement whether there are five or six gati, i. e. ways or destinies; if six, then there is added the asura, a being having functions both good and evil, both deva and demon; five destinies and six destinies



see styles
hé luó hù luó / he2 luo2 hu4 luo2
ho lo hu lo
Rāhula, name of Śākyamuni's son, also of an asura.



see styles
ā xiū luó dào / a1 xiu1 luo2 dao4
a hsiu lo tao
 ashuradou / ashurado / あしゅらどう
{Buddh} (See 六道,阿修羅・あしゅら) Asura realm
the state of existence of asuras; the state of existence of asuras



see styles
luó huó ā xiū luó / luo2 huo2 a1 xiu1 luo2
lo huo a hsiu lo
Rāhu-asura, the asura who in fighting with Indra can seize sun and moon, i.e. cause eclipses; Rāhu-asura

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