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Sangha in Chinese / Japanese...

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China sēng qié
Japan sougya

In Buddhism, this term refers to a community of monks and/or nuns (one of the "Three Jewels"). In general terms, it can simply mean "all followers of the Buddha."

Notes: Though there are not vast numbers of Chinese Hindus, in the Hindu faith, this term means "community together."
The original Sanskrit word is also Romanized as samgha.
The first character means "monk." The second character means Buddha or Shakyamuni.
This is really a transliteration of the original Sanskrit but it uses two very profound Chinese characters related to Buddhism.

Some may pronounce this as "seng qie" or "seng jia" in Mandarin (two possible pronunciations for second character). Note that "qie" would sound a bit like "chee-ah" using typical English pronunciation. Chinese Romanization is not actually designed to match English sounds.

僧僧Note that when writing this as Kanji, Japanese will tend to write the first character in the form shown to the right. If you select our Japanese master calligrapher, please expect this special Kanji form. However, it should also be noted that this is not a common term in Japanese (except by certain sects of Buddhism or perhaps devout Buddhists in Japan).

Sangha / Order of Monks

China sēng
Japan sou
Sangha / Order of Monks

僧 is the single-character or short form of Sangha, the Buddhist idea of community or order (of monks, nuns, or followers of the Buddha). Alone, this character can simply mean "monk" (Just means monk in Japanese).

僧僧 Note that when writing this as Kanji, Japanese will tend to write this in the form shown to the right. If you select our Japanese master calligrapher, please expect this special Kanji form.

Three Treasures of Buddhism

China sān bǎo
Japan san bou
Three Treasures of Buddhism

三寶 is the title for "Three Precious Treasures of Buddhism."

These three treasures are the Buddha 佛, the Dharma 法 (teachings or the law of the Buddha), and the Sangha 僧 (the community of monks or followers).

This term is used by most (perhaps not all) Buddhists in China, Japan, and South Korea (written the same it the original form, but pronounced differently in each language). Non-Buddhists may just read this as, "Three Treasures," without the religious context. For instance, there is also a, "Three Treasures of Chinese Medicine," that is sometimes titled the same way.

In modern Japanese and Simplified Chinese, this is written 三宝 instead of 三寶.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your sangha search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin sēng / seng1
Taiwan seng
Japanese sou / so そう
Chinese monk; Sangha, the Buddhist monastic order
Japanese monk; priest; (surname) Sou
僧伽 saṅgha, an assembly, collection, company, society. The corporate assembly of at least three (formerly four) monks under a chairman, empowered to hear confession, grant absolution, and ordain. The church or monastic order, the third member of the triratna. The term 僧 used alone has come to mean a monk, or monks in general. Also僧佉, 僧加, 僧企耶.; A fully ordained monk, i.e. a bhikṣu as contrasted with the śramaņa; community of monks and nuns
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Sangha / Order of Monks


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Japanese sanpou / sanpo さんぽう
 sanbou / sanbo さんぼう
Chinese See: 三寶
Japanese (Buddhist term) The Three Jewels; The Triple Gem; Triratna; The Three Treasures; Buddha, Dharma, Sangha; Buddha, the teachings of Buddha, and the community of monks and nuns; (surname) Sanpou; (surname) Sanbou

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Mandarin sān bǎo / san1 bao3
Taiwan san pao
Japanese sanbou / sanbo さんぼう
Chinese the Three Precious Treasures of Buddhism, namely: the Buddha 佛, the Dharma 法 (his teaching), and the Sangha 僧 (his monastic order)
Japanese (surname) Sanbou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
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Three Treasures of Buddhism


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Mandarin sēng qié / seng1 qie2
Taiwan seng ch`ieh / seng chieh
Japanese sougya / sogya そうぎゃ
Chinese (Buddhism) sangha; the monastic community; monk
Japanese sangha (the Buddhist community) (san: samgha)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
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Mandarin wǔ nì / wu3 ni4
Taiwan wu ni
Japanese gogyaku
pañcānantarya; 五無間業 The five rebellious acts or deadly sins, parricide, matricide, killing an arhat, shedding the blood of a Buddha, destroying the harmony of the sangha, or fraternity. The above definition is common both to Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna. The lightest of these sins is the first; the heaviest the last. II. Another group is: (1) sacrilege, such as destroying temples, burning sutras, stealing a Buddha's or a monk's things, inducing others to do so, or taking pleasure therein; (2) slander, or abuse of the teaching of śrāvaka s, pratyekabuddhas, or bodhisattvas; (3) ill-treatment or killing of a monk; (4) any one of the five deadly sins given above; (5) denial of the karma consequences of ill deeds, acting or teaching others accordingly, and unceasing evil life. III. There are also five deadly sins, each of which is equal to each of the first set of five: (1) violation of a mother, or a fully ordained nun; (2) killing a bodhisattva in a sangha; (5) destroying a Buddha's stūpa. IV. The five unpardonable sin of Devadatta who (1) destroyed the harmony of the community; (2) injured Śākyamuni with a stone, shedding his blood; (3) induced the king to let loose a rutting elephant to trample down Śākyamuni; (4) killed a nun; (5) put poison on his finger-nails and saluted Śākyamuni intending to destroy him thereby; five heinous crimes

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Mandarin sān guī yī / san1 gui1 yi1
Taiwan san kuei i
Japanese san kie
Chinese the Three Pillars of Faith (Buddha, dharma, sangha); see also 三寶|三宝[san1 bao3]
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Japanese buppousou / bupposo ぶっぽうそう
Japanese (1) (Buddhist term) Buddha, Dharma, Sangha; The Three Jewels; Buddha, the teachings of Buddha, and the community of monks and nuns; (2) (kana only) dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis); (3) (kana only) roller (any bird of family Coraciidae); (4) Eurasian scops owl (Otus scops)

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Mandarin dà hǎi zhòng / da4 hai3 zhong4
Taiwan ta hai chung
Japanese dai kaishu
The great ocean congregation; as all waters flowing into the sea become salty, so all ranks flowing into the sangha become of one flavour and lose old differentiations.

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Mandarin bō luō yí / bo1 luo1 yi2
Taiwan po lo i
Japanese harai はらい
Japanese (Buddhist term) parajika (rules entailing expulsion from the sangha for life)
pārājika. The first section of the Vinaya piṭaka containing rules of expulsion from the order, for unpardonable sin. Also 波羅闍巳迦; 波羅市迦. Cf. 四波羅夷. There are in Hīnayāna eight sins for expulsion of nuns, and in Mahāyāna ten. The esoteric sects have their own rules.

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Japanese sanboukoujin / sanbokojin さんぼうこうじん
Japanese (1) (Buddhist term) guardian deity of the three jewels (Buddha, Dharma and Sangha); (2) three-person saddle

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Mandarin shí fā qù xīn / shi2 fa1 qu4 xin1
Taiwan shih fa ch`ü hsin / shih fa chü hsin
Japanese jū hosshu shin
The ten directional decisions: (1) renouncement of the world; (2) observance of the commandments; (3) patience or endurance; (4) zealous progress; (5) meditation; (6) wisdom or understanding; (7) 願心 the will for good for oneself and others; (8) 護心 protection (of Buddha, Dharma, Sangha); (9) 喜心 joy; (10) 頂心 highest wisdom. v. 梵綱經, 心地品; ten decisions of inclination

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Japanese namusanbou / namusanbo なむさんぼう
Japanese (exp,int) (Buddhist term) Homage to the Three Jewels (Buddha, Dharma and Sangha)

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Mandarin huà xiāng sān bǎo / hua4 xiang1 san1 bao3
Taiwan hua hsiang san pao
Japanese kesō sanbō
The nirmāṇakāya Buddha in the triratna forms; in Hīnayāna these are the human 16-foot Buddha, his dharma as revealed in the four axioms and twelve nidānas, and his sangha, or disciples, i. e. arhats and pratyekabuddhas; three jewels of the transformation aspect

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Mandarin wǔ bù dà chéng jīng / wu3 bu4 da4 cheng2 jing1
Taiwan wu pu ta ch`eng ching / wu pu ta cheng ching
Japanese gobu daijō kyō
The five chief Mahāyāna sutras according to Tiantai are: 華嚴經; 大集經; 大品般若經; 法華經, and 涅槃經, i. e. Avataṃsaka, Mahāsanghāta, Mahāprajñāpāramitā, Lotus, and Nirvana sutras; five great Mahāyāna sūtras

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Search for Sangha in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sangha 僧伽sougya / sogyasēng qié / seng1 qie2 / seng qie / sengqie seng ch`ieh / sengchieh / seng chieh
Order of Monks
sou / sosēng / seng1 / seng
Three Treasures of Buddhism 三寶
san bou / sanbou / san bo / sanbosān bǎo / san1 bao3 / san bao / sanbao san pao / sanpao
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

Cause Effect
Fighting Spirit
Good Health
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Lost Soul
Never Give Up
No Worries
Peaceful Warrior
Strong Woman
Warrior Spirit

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Sangha Kanji, Sangha Characters, Sangha in Mandarin Chinese, Sangha Characters, Sangha in Chinese Writing, Sangha in Japanese Writing, Sangha in Asian Writing, Sangha Ideograms, Chinese Sangha symbols, Sangha Hieroglyphics, Sangha Glyphs, Sangha in Chinese Letters, Sangha Hanzi, Sangha in Japanese Kanji, Sangha Pictograms, Sangha in the Chinese Written-Language, or Sangha in the Japanese Written-Language.