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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
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Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

地獄


地狱

see styles
Mandarin dì yù / di4 yu4
Taiwan ti yü
Japanese jigoku / じごく
Chinese hell; infernal; underworld
Japanese hell; (place-name) Jigoku
naraka, 捺落迦 (or 那落迦) ; niraya 泥犂; explained by 不樂 joyless; 可厭 disgusting, hateful; 苦具, 苦器 means of suffering; if 地獄 earth-prison; 冥府 the shades, or departments of darkness. Earth-prison is generally intp. as hell or the hells; it may also be termed purgatory; one of the six gati or ways of transmigration. The hells are divided into three classes: I. Central, or radical, 根本地獄 consisting of (1) The eight hot hells. These were the original hells of primitive Buddhism, and are supposed to be located umder the southern continent Jambudvīpa 瞻部州, 500 yojanas below the surface. (a) 等活 or 更活 Saṃjīva, rebirth, where after many kinds of suffering a cold wind blows over the soul and returns it to this life as it was before, hence the name 等活. (b) 黑繩 Kaslasūtra, where the sufferer is bound with black chains and chopped or sawn asunder. (c) 線合; 衆合; 堆壓 Saṃghāta, where are multitudes of implements of torture, or the falling of mountains upon the sufferer. (d) 號呌; 呼呼; 叫喚 Raurava, hell of wailing. (e) 大呌; 大號呌; 大呼 Mahāraurava, hell of great wailing. (f) 炎熱; 燒炙 Tapana, hell of fames and burning. (g) 大熱; 大燒炙; 大炎熱 Pratāpana, hell of molten lead. (h) 無間; 河鼻旨; 阿惟越致; 阿毗至; 阿鼻; 阿毗 Avīci, unintermitted suffering, where sinners die and are reborn to suffer without interval. (2) The eight cold hells 八寒地獄. (a) 頞浮陀地獄 Arbuda, where the cold causes blisters. (b) 尼刺部陀 Nirarbuda, colder still causing the blisters to burst. (c) 頞哳吒; 阿吒吒 Atata, where this is the only possible sound from frozen lips. (d) 臛臛婆; 阿波波 Hahava or Apapa, where it is so cold that only this sound can be uttered. (e) 虎虎婆 Hāhādhara or Huhuva, where only this sound can be uttered. (f) 嗢鉢羅; 鬱鉢羅 (or 優鉢羅) Utpala, or 尼羅鳥 (or 漚) 鉢羅 Nīlotpala, where the skin is frozen like blue lotus buds. (g) 鉢特摩 Padma, where the skin is frozen and bursts open like red lotus buds. (h) 摩訶鉢特摩 Mahāpadma, ditto like great red lotus buds. Somewhat different names are also given. Cf. 倶舍論 8; 智度論 16; 涅槃經 11. II. The secondary hells are called 近邊地獄 adjacent hells or 十六遊增 each of its four sides, opening from each such door are four adjacent hells, in all sixteen; thus with the original eight there are 136. A list of eighteen hells is given in the 十八泥梨經. III. A third class is called the 孤地獄 (獨地獄) Lokāntarika, or isolated hells in mountains, deserts, below the earth and above it. Eitel says in regard to the eight hot hells that they range 'one beneath the other in tiers which begin at a depth of 11,900 yojanas and reach to a depth of 40,000 yojanas'. The cold hells are under 'the two Tchahavālas and range shaft-like one below the other, but so that this shaft is gradually widening to the fourth hell and then narrowing itself again so that the first and last hell have the shortest, those in the centre the longest diameter'. 'Every universe has the same number of hells, ' but 'the northern continent has no hell whatever, the two continents east and west of Meru have only small Lokāntarika hells... whilst all the other hells are required for the inhabitants of the southern continent '. It may be noted that the purpose of these hells is definitely punitive, as well as purgatorial. Yama is the judge and ruler, assisted by eighteen officers and a host of demons, who order or administer the various degrees of torture. 'His sister performs the same duties with regard to female criminals, ' and it may be mentioned that the Chinese have added the 血盆池 Lake of the bloody bath, or 'placenta tank' for women who die in childbirth. Release from the hells is in the power of the monks by tantric means.

see styles
Mandarin/ ku3
Taiwan k`u / ku
Japanese ku / く
Chinese bitter; hardship; pain; to suffer; to bring suffering to; painstakingly
Japanese (1) pain; anguish; suffering; distress; anxiety; worry; trouble; difficulty; hardship; (2) {Buddh} (See 八苦) duhkha (suffering)
duḥkha, 豆佉 bitterness; unhappiness, suffering, pain, distress, misery; difficulty. There are lists of two, three, four, five, eight, and ten categories; the two are internal, i. e. physical and mental, and external, i. e. attacks from without. The four are birth, growing old, illness, and death. The eight are these four along with the pain of parting from the loved, of meeting with the hated, of failure in one's aims, and that caused by the five skandhas; cf. 四諦.

受難


受难

see styles
Mandarin shòu nàn / shou4 nan4
Taiwan shou nan
Japanese junan / じゅなん
Chinese to suffer a calamity; to suffer (e.g. under torture); distress
Japanese (noun/participle) suffering; agony; passion

see styles
Mandarin zhōng / zhong1
Taiwan chung
Japanese chun / チュン    naka / なか    chuu / chu / ちゅう    juu;juu / ju;ju / じゅう;ぢゅう
Chinese to hit (the mark); to be hit by; to suffer; to win (a prize, a lottery); within; among; in; middle; center; while (doing something); during; (dialect) OK; all right; China; Chinese; surname Zhong
Japanese (abbreviation) {mahj} (See 紅中) red dragon tile; (1) inside; in; (2) among; within; (3) center (centre); middle; (4) during; while; (n,pref,suf) (1) (See 並・1) medium; average; middle; (2) moderation; (3) (abbreviation) (See 中一,中学校) middle school; (4) (abbreviation) (See 中国・1) China; (5) (abbreviation) (See 中巻) volume two (of three); (suffix noun) (6) (See 話し中) during (a certain time when one did or is doing something); under (construction, etc.); while; (7) (See 中・じゅう・2) in; out of (e.g. three out of ten people); (suffix) (1) through; throughout; in the course of; (2) all over or throughout (e.g. a place); (surname, given name) Mitsuru; (s,m) Hitoshi; (personal name) Nakamine; (surname, given name) Nakaba; (surname) Nakahama; (surname) Nakatsuru; (personal name) Nakazumi; (personal name) Nakashio; (surname) Nakazaki; (surname) Nakasaki; (p,s,f) Naka; (given name) Tooru; (surname) Touru; (surname, given name) Chuu; (given name) Tadashi; (given name) Sunao; (surname) Sakinaka; (s
madhya. Middle, central, medium, the mean, within; to hit the centre. v. also 三諦; middling

see styles
Mandarin/ fu2
Taiwan fu
Japanese fuse / ふせ    fushi / ふし    fuku / ふく
Chinese to lean over; to fall (go down); to hide (in ambush); to conceal oneself; to lie low; hottest days of summer; to submit; to concede defeat; to overcome; to subdue; volt; surname Fu
Japanese (surname) Fuse; (place-name) Fushi; (surname) Fuku
Prostrate; humble; suffer, bear; ambush; dog-days; hatch; it is used for control, under control, e. g. as delusion; 斷 is contrasted with it as complete extirpation, so that no delusive thought arises; to subdue

see styles
Mandarin shòu / shou4
Taiwan shou
Japanese ju / じゅ
Chinese to receive; to accept; to suffer; subjected to; to bear; to stand; pleasant; (passive marker)
Japanese {Buddh} (See 五蘊,十二因縁) vedana (sensation); (place-name) Uke
To receive, be, bear; intp. of vedana, 'perception,' 'knowledge obtained by the senses, feeling, sensation.' M. W. It is defined as mental reaction to the object, but in general it means receptivity, or sensation; the two forms of sensation of physical and mental objects are indicated. It is one of the five skandhas; as one of the twelve nidānas it indicates the incipient stage of sensation in the embryo.

see styles
Mandarin chī / chi1
Taiwan ch`ih / chih
Japanese chii / chi / チー
Chinese to eat; to consume; to eat at (a cafeteria etc); to eradicate; to destroy; to absorb; to suffer; to stammer (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [ji2])
Japanese (kana only) {mahj} said when taking a tile discarded by the player to one's left to form a chow (chi:)
To eat; to stutter.

see styles
Mandarin jiù / jiu4
Taiwan chiu
Japanese shuu / shu / しゅう    osamu / おさむ
Chinese at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then; in that case; as many as; even if; to approach; to move towards; to undertake; to engage in; to suffer; subjected to; to accomplish; to take advantage of; to go with (of foods); with regard to; concerning
Japanese (surname) Shuu; (given name) Osamu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin huàn / huan4
Taiwan huan
Japanese gen
Chinese to suffer (from illness); to contract (a disease); misfortune; trouble; danger; worry
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin zhé / zhe2
Taiwan che
Japanese sagari / さがり    orisaki / おりさき    ori / おり
Chinese to break; to fracture; to snap; to suffer loss; to bend; to twist; to turn; to change direction; convinced; to convert into (currency); discount; rebate; tenth (in price); classifier for theatrical scenes; to fold; accounts book; to turn something over; to turn upside down; to tip something out (of a container); to break (e.g. stick or bone); a loss
Japanese (1) opportunity; chance; occasion; time; (n,ctr) (2) fold; pleat; crease; (3) small food box (wooden or cardboard); (personal name) Sagari; (surname) Ori
Tear open, break down.; To snap, break; decide; compound; fold; to fold

see styles
Mandarin ái // āi / ai2 // ai1
Taiwan ai
Chinese to suffer; to endure; to pull through (hard times); to delay; to stall; to play for time; to dawdle; in order; in sequence; close to; adjacent to

see styles
Mandarin/ li2
Taiwan li
Chinese happen to; sorrow; suffer from

see styles
Mandarin méng / meng2
Taiwan meng
Japanese mou / mo / もう
Chinese to cover; ignorant; to suffer (misfortune); to receive (a favor); to cheat; (knocked) unconscious; dazed; stunned; Mongol ethnic group; abbr. for Mongolia 蒙古國|蒙古国[Meng3 gu3 guo2]; Taiwan pr. [Meng2]; surname Meng
Japanese (1) ignorance; (2) covering; concealing; (n,pref) (3) (See 蒙古) Mongolia; (given name) Mou
To cover; stupid, ignorant; receive (from above); Mongol; to conceal

see styles
Mandarin bèi / bei4
Taiwan pei
Japanese hi / ひ
Chinese quilt; by; (indicates passive-voice clauses); (literary) to cover; to meet with
Japanese (prefix) indicates the target of an activity; -ee (e.g. employee, examinee, trustee)
A quilt, coverlet; to cover; to suffer; sign of the passive; to incur

see styles
Mandarin péi / pei2
Taiwan p`ei / pei
Chinese to compensate for loss; to indemnify; to suffer a financial loss

上火

see styles
Mandarin shàng huǒ / shang4 huo3
Taiwan shang huo
Chinese to get angry; to suffer from excessive internal heat (TCM)

中風


中风

see styles
Mandarin zhòng fēng / zhong4 feng1
Taiwan chung feng
Japanese chuufuu;chuubu;chuubuu;chuufu / chufu;chubu;chubu;chufu / ちゅうふう;ちゅうぶ;ちゅうぶう;ちゅうふ
Chinese to suffer a paralyzing stroke
Japanese palsy; paralysis; (surname) Nakakaze

共業


共业

see styles
Mandarin gòng yè / gong4 ye4
Taiwan kung yeh
Japanese gū gō
Chinese collective karma (Buddhism); consequences that all must suffer
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

冤抑

see styles
Mandarin yuān yì / yuan1 yi4
Taiwan yüan i
Chinese to suffer injustice

刑戮

see styles
Mandarin xíng lù / xing2 lu4
Taiwan hsing lu
Japanese keiriku / keriku / けいりく
Chinese executed; to suffer corporal punishment or execution
Japanese (noun/participle) punishment; penalty; execution

刑辱

see styles
Mandarin xíng rǔ / xing2 ru3
Taiwan hsing ju
Chinese to humiliate and torture; to suffer mutilation and humiliation

勤苦

see styles
Mandarin qín kǔ / qin2 ku3
Taiwan ch`in k`u / chin ku
Japanese kinku / きんく
Chinese hardworking; assiduous
Japanese (noun/participle) toil and hardship
Devoted and suffering, zealously suffering; to suffer

受到

see styles
Mandarin shòu dào / shou4 dao4
Taiwan shou tao
Chinese to receive; to suffer; obtained; given

受制

see styles
Mandarin shòu zhì / shou4 zhi4
Taiwan shou chih
Chinese controlled (by sb); to suffer under a yoke

受害

see styles
Mandarin shòu hài / shou4 hai4
Taiwan shou hai
Chinese to suffer damage, injury etc; damaged; injured; killed; robbed

受損


受损

see styles
Mandarin shòu sǔn / shou4 sun3
Taiwan shou sun
Chinese to suffer damage

受暑

see styles
Mandarin shòu shǔ / shou4 shu3
Taiwan shou shu
Chinese affected by heat; to suffer heatstroke or sunstroke

受盡


受尽

see styles
Mandarin shòu jìn / shou4 jin4
Taiwan shou chin
Japanese ju jin
Chinese to suffer enough from; to suffer all kinds of; to have one's fill of
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

受罪

see styles
Mandarin shòu zuì / shou4 zui4
Taiwan shou tsui
Chinese to endure; to suffer; hardships; torments; a hard time; a nuisance

受苦

see styles
Mandarin shòu kǔ / shou4 ku3
Taiwan shou k`u / shou ku
Japanese juku
Chinese to suffer hardship
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

受虐

see styles
Mandarin shòu nüè / shou4 nu:e4
Taiwan shou nu:e
Chinese to suffer sexual abuse; masochism

吃虧


吃亏

see styles
Mandarin chī kuī / chi1 kui1
Taiwan ch`ih k`uei / chih kuei
Chinese to suffer losses; to come to grief; to lose out; to get the worst of it; to be at a disadvantage; unfortunately

含冤

see styles
Mandarin hán yuān / han2 yuan1
Taiwan han yüan
Chinese wronged; to suffer false accusations

喘ぐ

see styles
Japanese aegu / あえぐ Japanese (v5g,vi) (1) to gasp; breathe hard; (2) to suffer; to struggle

喫す

see styles
Japanese kissu / きっす Japanese (transitive verb) (1) (See 喫する) to eat; to drink; to smoke; (2) to suffer (e.g. defeat); to receive (e.g. a blow)

墊背


垫背

see styles
Mandarin diàn bèi / dian4 bei4
Taiwan tien pei
Chinese to serve as a sacrificial victim; to suffer for sb else; scapegoat; to share sb's fate

天魔

see styles
Mandarin tiān mó / tian1 mo2
Taiwan t`ien mo / tien mo
Japanese tenma / てんま
Chinese demonic; devil
Japanese {Buddh} (See 四魔) demon of the sixth heaven in the realm of desire who tries to prevent people from doing good
deva-māra, 魔羅 one of the four Māras, who dwells in the sixth heaven. Paranirmita-vaśa-vartin, at the top of the Kāmadhātu, with his innumerable host, whence he constantly obstructs the Buddha-truth and its followers. He is also styled 殺者 the slayer; also 波旬 explained by 惡愛 sinful love or desire, as he sends his daughters to seduce the saints; also 波卑 (波卑夜) Papiyan, the evil one. He is the special Māra of the Śākyamuni period; other Buddhas suffer from other Māras; v. 魔.

失利

see styles
Mandarin shī lì / shi1 li4
Taiwan shih li
Chinese to lose; to suffer defeat

失眠

see styles
Mandarin shī mián / shi1 mian2
Taiwan shih mien
Chinese to suffer from insomnia

屢遭


屡遭

see styles
Mandarin lǚ zāo / lu:3 zao1
Taiwan lü tsao
Chinese to suffer repeatedly

忍痛

see styles
Mandarin rěn tòng / ren3 tong4
Taiwan jen t`ung / jen tung
Japanese nintsū
Chinese to suffer; fig. reluctantly
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

恍神

see styles
Mandarin huǎng shén / huang3 shen2
Taiwan huang shen
Chinese to be off in another world; to suffer a lapse in concentration

患う

see styles
Japanese wazurau / わずらう Japanese (v5u,vi) (1) to be ill; to suffer from; (2) to worry about; to be concerned about; (suf,v5u) (3) to have trouble doing ...; to be unable to ...; to fail to ...

患厭


患厌

see styles
Mandarin huàn yàn / huan4 yan4
Taiwan huan yen
Japanese kan'en
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

患有

see styles
Mandarin huàn yǒu / huan4 you3
Taiwan huan yu
Chinese to contract (an illness); to be afflicted with; to suffer from

悪化

see styles
Japanese akka / あっか Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) (suffer) deterioration; growing worse; aggravation; degeneration; corruption

慘敗


惨败

see styles
Mandarin cǎn bài / can3 bai4
Taiwan ts`an pai / tsan pai
Chinese to suffer a crushing defeat

慘遭


惨遭

see styles
Mandarin cǎn zāo / can3 zao1
Taiwan ts`an tsao / tsan tsao
Chinese to suffer (defeat, death etc)

挨剋


挨克

see styles
Mandarin ái kei / ai2 kei1
Taiwan ai k`ei / ai kei
Chinese to be rebuked; to suffer blows

挨批

see styles
Mandarin ái pī / ai2 pi1
Taiwan ai p`i / ai pi
Chinese to be criticized; to suffer blame

挨鬥


挨斗

see styles
Mandarin ái dòu / ai2 dou4
Taiwan ai tou
Chinese to suffer censure; denounced

損失


损失

see styles
Mandarin sǔn shī / sun3 shi1
Taiwan sun shih
Japanese sonshitsu / そんしつ
Chinese loss; damage; CL:個|个[ge4]; to lose; to suffer damage
Japanese loss (e.g. assets or profits)

損惱


损恼

see styles
Mandarin sǔn nǎo / sun3 nao3
Taiwan sun nao
Japanese sonnō
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

敗北


败北

see styles
Mandarin bài běi / bai4 bei3
Taiwan pai pei
Japanese haiboku / はいぼく
Chinese (literary) to be routed (in a war); to suffer defeat (in sports etc)
Japanese (1) defeat; (vs,vi) (2) to be defeated

渋る

see styles
Japanese shiburu / しぶる Japanese (Godan verb with "ru" ending) (1) to hesitate; to hold back; to balk; to falter; (2) to be reluctant; to be unwilling; to begrudge; (3) to have loose painful bowel movement; to suffer from tenesmus

煎熬

see styles
Mandarin jiān áo / jian1 ao2
Taiwan chien ao
Chinese to suffer; to torture; to torment; ordeal; suffering; torture; torment

煩う

see styles
Japanese wazurau / わずらう Japanese (v5u,vi) (1) to be ill; to suffer from; (2) to worry about; to be concerned about; (suf,v5u) (3) to have trouble doing ...; to be unable to ...; to fail to ...

痛失

see styles
Mandarin tòng shī / tong4 shi1
Taiwan t`ung shih / tung shih
Chinese to suffer the painful loss of (a loved one etc); to miss out on (an opportunity); to fail to gain (victory etc)

破財

see styles
Mandarin pò cái / po4 cai2
Taiwan p`o ts`ai / po tsai
Chinese bankrupt; to suffer financial loss

罹る

see styles
Japanese kakaru / かかる Japanese (Godan verb with "ru" ending) (kana only) to suffer from

罹患

see styles
Mandarin lí huàn / li2 huan4
Taiwan li huan
Japanese rikan / りかん
Chinese to suffer (from an illness); to fall ill
Japanese (noun/participle) contracting a disease

罹禍

see styles
Mandarin lí huò / li2 huo4
Taiwan li huo
Chinese to suffer a disaster; to fall victim to misfortune

翻船

see styles
Mandarin fān chuán / fan1 chuan2
Taiwan fan ch`uan / fan chuan
Chinese to capsize; (fig.) to suffer a setback or defeat

聊賴

see styles
Mandarin liáo lài / liao2 lai4
Taiwan liao lai
Chinese to suffer tedium

肩負

see styles
Mandarin jiān fù / jian1 fu4
Taiwan chien fu
Chinese to shoulder (a burden); to bear; to suffer (a disadvantage)

自找

see styles
Mandarin zì zhǎo / zi4 zhao3
Taiwan tzu chao
Chinese to suffer as a consequence of one's own actions; you asked for it; to bring it on oneself (something unpleasant)

苦劇


苦剧

see styles
Mandarin kǔ jù / ku3 ju4
Taiwan k`u chü / ku chü
Japanese kugeki
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

落敗

see styles
Mandarin luò bài / luo4 bai4
Taiwan lo pai
Chinese to suffer a defeat; to fail; to fall behind

落馬

see styles
Mandarin luò mǎ / luo4 ma3
Taiwan lo ma
Japanese rakuba / らくば
Chinese (lit.) to fall from a horse; (fig.) to suffer a setback; to come a cropper; to be sacked (e.g. for corruption)
Japanese (noun/participle) falling from a horse

蒙る

see styles
Japanese koumuru / komuru / こうむる Japanese (transitive verb) to suffer; to receive (kindness, rebuke, support); to sustain (damage)

蒙受

see styles
Mandarin méng shòu / meng2 shou4
Taiwan meng shou
Chinese to suffer; to sustain (loss)

被る

see styles
Japanese koumuru / komuru / こうむる    kamuru / かむる    kaburu / かぶる Japanese (transitive verb) to suffer; to receive (kindness, rebuke, support); to sustain (damage); (transitive verb) (1) (kana only) to put on (one's head); to wear; to have on; to pull over (one's head); to crown (oneself); (2) (kana only) to be covered with (dust, snow, etc.); to pour (water, etc.) on oneself; to dash on oneself; to ship water; (3) (kana only) to bear (e.g. someone's debts, faults, etc.); to take (blame); to assume (responsibility); to shoulder (burden); (4) to overlap (e.g. sound or color); (5) to be similar; to be redundant; (v5r,vi) (6) to be fogged (due to overexposure, etc.); (7) to close; to come to an end; (8) to get a full house; to sell out; (9) (archaism) to blunder; to bungle; to fail; (10) (archaism) to be deceived

見紅

see styles
Mandarin jiàn hóng / jian4 hong2
Taiwan chien hung
Chinese (coll.) to bleed (esp. vaginal bleeding); to suffer a financial loss

貧匱


贫匮

see styles
Mandarin pín guì / pin2 gui4
Taiwan p`in kuei / pin kuei
Japanese binki
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

貧苦


贫苦

see styles
Mandarin pín kǔ / pin2 ku3
Taiwan p`in k`u / pin ku
Japanese hinku / ひんく
Chinese poverty-stricken; poor
Japanese hardship; serious poverty
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

跌倒

see styles
Mandarin diē dǎo / die1 dao3
Taiwan tieh tao
Chinese to tumble; to fall; fig. to suffer a reverse (in politics or business)

遇襲

see styles
Mandarin yù xí / yu4 xi2
Taiwan yü hsi
Chinese to suffer attack; to be ambushed

遭到

see styles
Mandarin zāo dào / zao1 dao4
Taiwan tsao tao
Chinese to suffer; to meet with (something unfortunate)

遭受

see styles
Mandarin zāo shòu / zao1 shou4
Taiwan tsao shou
Chinese to suffer; to sustain (loss, misfortune)

遭殃

see styles
Mandarin zāo yāng / zao1 yang1
Taiwan tsao yang
Chinese to suffer a calamity

遭瘟

see styles
Mandarin zāo wēn / zao1 wen1
Taiwan tsao wen
Chinese to suffer from a plague; to endure a misfortune; a plague on him!

遭罪

see styles
Mandarin zāo zuì / zao1 zui4
Taiwan tsao tsui
Chinese to endure; to suffer hardships; hard time; nuisance

阿鼻

see styles
Mandarin ā bí / a1 bi2
Taiwan a pi
Japanese abi / あび
Chinese Ceaseless pain (Sanskrit: Avici), one of the Buddhist hells; fig. hell; hell on earth
Japanese {Buddh} Avici (lowest level of hell)
Avīci, 阿鼻旨; 阿鼻脂; 阿鼻至; the last and deepest of the eight hot hells, where the culprits suffer, die, and are instantly reborn to suffering, without interruption 無間. It is the 阿鼻地獄 (阿鼻旨地獄) or the 阿鼻焦熱地獄hell of unintermitted scorching; or the阿鼻喚地獄 hell of unintermitted wailing; its wall, out of which there is no escape, is the 阿鼻大城.

難受

see styles
Mandarin nán shòu / nan2 shou4
Taiwan nan shou
Chinese to feel unwell; to suffer pain; to be difficult to bear

飽受

see styles
Mandarin bǎo shòu / bao3 shou4
Taiwan pao shou
Chinese to endure; to suffer; to be subjected to

骨折

see styles
Mandarin gǔ zhé / gu3 zhe2
Taiwan ku che
Japanese kossetsu / こっせつ
Chinese to suffer a fracture; (of a bone) to break; fracture
Japanese (noun/participle) bone fracture

鬱結

see styles
Mandarin yù jié / yu4 jie2
Taiwan yü chieh
Japanese ukketsu / うっけつ
Chinese to suffer from pent-up frustrations; mental knot; emotional issue
Japanese (noun/participle) depression; oppression

あっ化

see styles
Japanese akka / あっか Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) (suffer) deterioration; growing worse; aggravation; degeneration; corruption

ウケる

see styles
Japanese ukeru / ウケる Japanese (transitive verb) (1) to receive; to get; (2) to catch (e.g. a ball); (3) to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.); (4) to sustain (damage); to incur (a loss); to suffer (an injury); to feel (influence); (5) to undergo (e.g. surgery); to take (a test); to accept (a challenge); (6) to be given (e.g. life, talent); (7) to follow; to succeed; to be descended from; (8) to face (south, etc.); (9) (linguistics terminology) to be modified by; (10) to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee; (v1,vi) (11) (kana only) to be well-received; to become popular; to go down well; (12) (colloquialism) (kana only) to be funny; to be humorous

二茬罪

see styles
Mandarin èr chá zuì / er4 cha2 zui4
Taiwan erh ch`a tsui / erh cha tsui
Chinese to suffer second persecution

享ける

see styles
Japanese ukeru / うける Japanese (transitive verb) (1) to receive; to get; (2) to catch (e.g. a ball); (3) to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.); (4) to sustain (damage); to incur (a loss); to suffer (an injury); to feel (influence); (5) to undergo (e.g. surgery); to take (a test); to accept (a challenge); (6) to be given (e.g. life, talent); (7) to follow; to succeed; to be descended from; (8) to face (south, etc.); (9) (linguistics terminology) to be modified by; (10) to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee; (v1,vi) (11) (kana only) to be well-received; to become popular; to go down well; (12) (colloquialism) (kana only) to be funny; to be humorous

倒栽蔥


倒栽葱

see styles
Mandarin dào zāi cōng / dao4 zai1 cong1
Taiwan tao tsai ts`ung / tao tsai tsung
Chinese to fall headlong; (fig.) to suffer an ignominious failure

取零す

see styles
Japanese torikobosu / とりこぼす Japanese (v5s,vi) (1) to lose an easy game; to suffer an unexpected defeat; (2) (computer terminology) to lose information

受ける

see styles
Japanese ukeru / うける Japanese (transitive verb) (1) to receive; to get; (2) to catch (e.g. a ball); (3) to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.); (4) to sustain (damage); to incur (a loss); to suffer (an injury); to feel (influence); (5) to undergo (e.g. surgery); to take (a test); to accept (a challenge); (6) to be given (e.g. life, talent); (7) to follow; to succeed; to be descended from; (8) to face (south, etc.); (9) (linguistics terminology) to be modified by; (10) to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee; (v1,vi) (11) (kana only) to be well-received; to become popular; to go down well; (12) (colloquialism) (kana only) to be funny; to be humorous

吃苦頭


吃苦头

see styles
Mandarin chī kǔ tou / chi1 ku3 tou5
Taiwan ch`ih k`u t`ou / chih ku tou
Chinese to suffer; to suffer for one's actions; to pay dearly; to burn one's fingers

喫する

see styles
Japanese kissuru / きっする Japanese (vs-s,vt) (1) to eat; to drink; to smoke; to take; (2) to suffer (e.g. defeat); to receive a blow

承ける

see styles
Japanese ukeru / うける Japanese (transitive verb) (1) to receive; to get; (2) to catch (e.g. a ball); (3) to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.); (4) to sustain (damage); to incur (a loss); to suffer (an injury); to feel (influence); (5) to undergo (e.g. surgery); to take (a test); to accept (a challenge); (6) to be given (e.g. life, talent); (7) to follow; to succeed; to be descended from; (8) to face (south, etc.); (9) (linguistics terminology) to be modified by; (10) to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee; (v1,vi) (11) (kana only) to be well-received; to become popular; to go down well; (12) (colloquialism) (kana only) to be funny; to be humorous

挨呲兒


挨呲儿

see styles
Mandarin ái cī r / ai2 ci1 r5
Taiwan ai tz`u r / ai tzu r
Chinese to suffer a rebuke; criticized

挨板子

see styles
Mandarin ái bǎn zi / ai2 ban3 zi5
Taiwan ai pan tzu
Chinese to suffer beating; fig. to be severely criticized; to take a hammering

挨頭子


挨头子

see styles
Mandarin ái tóu zi / ai2 tou2 zi5
Taiwan ai t`ou tzu / ai tou tzu
Chinese to be criticized; to suffer blame

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This page contains 100 results for "suffer" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

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