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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin xìn / xin4
Taiwan hsin
Japanese shin / しん
Chinese letter; mail; CL:封[feng1]; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
Japanese (adv,n) (1) honesty; fidelity; (2) trust; reliance; (3) (religious) faith; (counter) (4) counter for received messages; (female given name) Yuki; (female given name) Michi; (female given name) Makoto; (personal name) Noburu; (personal name) Nobutsugu; (surname) Nobutaka; (personal name) Nobuji; (surname) Nobusaki; (personal name) Nobukatsu; (female given name) Nobu; (personal name) Shinji; (surname, female given name) Shin; (female given name) Shino; (female given name) Akira
śraddhā. Faith; to believe; belief; faith regarded as the faculty of the mind which sees, appropriates, and trusts the things of religion; it joyfully trusts in the Buddha, in the pure virtue of the triratna and earthly and transcendental goodness; it is the cause of the pure life, and the solvent of doubt. Two forms are mentioned: (1) adhimukti, intuition, tr. by self-assured enlightenment. (2) śraddhā, faith through hearing or being taught. For the Awakening of Faith, Śraddhotpāda, v. 起信論.

see styles
Mandarin shàn / shan4
Taiwan shan
Japanese zen / ぜん
Chinese good (virtuous); benevolent; well-disposed; good at something; to improve or perfect
Japanese (ant: 悪・あく) good; goodness; right; virtue; (personal name) Yoshikatsu; (given name) Yoshiaki; (given name) Yoshi; (personal name) Tadashi; (given name) Zen'you; (personal name) Zenji; (surname, given name) Zen
su; sādhu; bhadra; kuśala. Good, virtuous, well; good at; skilful.

see styles
Mandarin/ de2
Taiwan te
Japanese toku
Chinese virtue; goodness; morality; ethics; kindness; favor; character; kind; Germany; German; abbr. for 德國|德国[De2 guo2]
Virtue, moral excellence, moral power, power; also translates guṇa; translit. ta; attribute, merit

善良

see styles
Mandarin shàn liáng / shan4 liang2
Taiwan shan liang
Japanese zenryou / zenryo / ぜんりょう
Chinese good and honest; kindhearted
Japanese (adj-na,n,adj-no) goodness; excellence; virtue; (given name) Yoshinaga; (female given name) Sara

忍法

see styles
Mandarin rěn fǎ / ren3 fa3
Taiwan jen fa
Japanese ninpou / ninpo / にんぽう
Japanese ninja arts
(忍法位) The method or stage of patience, the sixth of the seven stages of the Hīnayāna in the attainment of arhatship, or sainthood: also the third of the four roots of goodness.

真善美

see styles
Mandarin zhēn shàn měi / zhen1 shan4 mei3
Taiwan chen shan mei
Japanese shinzenbi / しんぜんび
Chinese truth, goodness and beauty
Japanese the true, the good, and the beautiful; (female given name) Mazemi; (personal name) Shinzenbi

see styles
Japanese ma / ま Japanese (adverb) (1) just (e.g. "just wait here"); come now; now, now; (2) tolerably; passably; moderately; reasonably; fairly; rather; somewhat; (3) well...; I think...; it would seem...; you might say...; Hmmm, I guess so...; (interjection) (4) (feminine speech) oh!; oh dear!; oh, my!; wow!; goodness gracious!; good heavens!

see styles
Mandarin ā / a1
Taiwan a
Japanese ka / しかり
Chinese expel breath; my goodness; variant of 啊[a1]
Japanese scolding
he, ko. Breathe out, yawn, scold; ha, laughter; used for 訶 and 阿; to criticize

see styles
Mandarin/ he1
Taiwan ho
Japanese katsu / かつ
Chinese to shout loudly; to drink; My goodness!
Japanese (interjection) (1) exclamation used to scold practitioners (in Zen); (2) scolding or threatening with a shout
To shout, bawl, call, scold; to drink; exclamatory shout

see styles
Mandarin/ zu2
Taiwan tsu
Japanese soku / そく
Chinese foot; to be sufficient; ample; excessive
Japanese (suf,ctr) counter for pairs (of socks, shoes, etc.); (given name) Mitsuru; (personal name) Tannu; (place-name) Taru; (surname) Ashitaka
Foot, leg; enough, full.; A man's two legs, compared to goodness and wisdom, 福 being counted as the first five of the pāramitās, 智 as the sixth; v. 六度. 二足尊 The honoured one among bipeds or men, i. e. a Buddha; cf. 兩足.

まあ

see styles
Japanese maa / ma / まあ Japanese (adverb) (1) just (e.g. "just wait here"); come now; now, now; (2) tolerably; passably; moderately; reasonably; fairly; rather; somewhat; (3) well...; I think...; it would seem...; you might say...; Hmmm, I guess so...; (interjection) (4) (feminine speech) oh!; oh dear!; oh, my!; wow!; goodness gracious!; good heavens!

一善

see styles
Mandarin yī shàn / yi1 shan4
Taiwan i shan
Japanese kazuyoshi / かずよし
Japanese (male given name) Kazuyoshi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

世善

see styles
Mandarin shì shàn / shi4 shan4
Taiwan shih shan
Japanese sezen
The pleasures of the world, v. 世福; worldly goodness

亂善


乱善

see styles
Mandarin luàn shàn / luan4 shan4
Taiwan luan shan
Japanese ranzen
To disturb the good, confound goodness; the confused goodness of those who worship, etc., with divided mind; disturbed wholesomeness

事善

see styles
Mandarin shì shàn / shi4 shan4
Taiwan shih shan
Japanese ji zen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

二善

see styles
Mandarin èr shàn / er4 shan4
Taiwan erh shan
Japanese futayoshi / ふたよし
Japanese (surname) Futayoshi
The two good things, 定善 the good character that arises from meditation or contemplation mdash especially of the Pure Land; 散善 the good character attainable when, though not in meditation, one controls oneself in thought, word, and deed;. Also 未生善 the good character not yet evolved; and 已生善 the good character already evolved;. Also 事理善 goodness in theory and practice; two kinds of goodness

二心

see styles
Mandarin èr xīn / er4 xin1
Taiwan erh hsin
Japanese nishin / ふたごころ
Chinese disloyalty; half-heartedness; duplicity
Japanese duplicity; treachery; double-dealing
The two minds, 眞心 the original, simple, pure, natural mind of all creatures, the Buddha-mind, i.e. 如來藏心; and 妄心 the illusion-mind, which results in complexity and confusion. Also, 定心 the meditative mind, or mind fixed on goodness; and the 散心 the scattered, inattentive mind, or mind that is only good at intervals.

二持

see styles
Mandarin èr chí / er4 chi2
Taiwan erh ch`ih / erh chih
Japanese niji
The two values of the commandments: (a) 止持 prohibitive, restraining from evil; (b) 作持 constructive, constraining to goodness; two kinds of discipline

五悔

see styles
Mandarin wǔ huǐ / wu3 hui3
Taiwan wu hui
Japanese gokai
The five stages in a penitential service. Tiantai gives: (1) confession of past sins and forbidding them for the future; (2) appeal to the universal Buddhas to keep the law-wheel rolling; (3) rejoicing over the good in self and others; (4) 廻向 offering all one's goodness to all the living and to the Buddha-way; (5) resolve, or vows, i. e. the 四弘誓. The Shingon sect 眞言宗 divides the ten great vows of Samantabhadra 普賢 into five 悔, the first three vows being included under 歸命 or submission; the fourth is repentance; the fifth rejoicing; the sixth, seventh, and eighth appeal to the Buddhas; the ninth and tenth, bestowal of acquired merit; five kinds of repentance

五果

see styles
Mandarin wǔ guǒ / wu3 guo3
Taiwan wu kuo
Japanese goka / ごか
Japanese (1) five fruits (peach, Japanese plum, apricot, jujube, Japanese chestnut); (2) (Buddhist term) five types of effect in cause-and-effect relationships; (3) (Buddhist term) five effects of ignorance and formations on one's current life
The five fruits, or effects; there are various groups, e. g. I. (1) 異熟果 fruit ripening divergently, e. g. pleasure and goodness are in different categories; present organs accord in pain or pleasure with their past good or evil deeds; (2) 等流果 fruit of the same order, e. g. goodness reborn from previous goodness; (3) 土用果 present position and function fruit, the rewards of moral merit in previous lives; (4) 增上果 superior fruit, or position arising from previous earnest endeavor and superior capacity: (5) 離繋果 fruit of freedom from all bonds, nirvana fruit. II. Fruit, or rebirth: (1) 識 conception (viewed psychologically); (2) 名色 formation mental and physical; (3) 六處 the six organs of perception complete; (4) 觸 their birth and contact with the world; (5) 受 consciousness. III. Five orders of fruit, with stones, pips, shells (as nuts), chaff-like (as pine seeds), and with pods; fivefold aspects of cause and effect

五食

see styles
Mandarin wǔ shí / wu3 shi2
Taiwan wu shih
Japanese gojiki
The five kinds of spiritual food by which roots of goodness are nourished: correct thoughts; delight in the Law; pleasure in meditation; firm resolve, or vows of self-control; and deliverance from the karma of illusion; five kinds of nourishment

仁徳

see styles
Japanese jintoku / じんとく Japanese benevolence; goodness; (surname) Nintoku

佛因

see styles
Mandarin fú yīn / fu2 yin1
Taiwan fu yin
Japanese butsuin
Buddha-cause, that which leads to Buddhahood, i.e. the merit of planting roots of goodness; causes of buddhahood

作善

see styles
Mandarin zuò shàn / zuo4 shan4
Taiwan tso shan
Japanese sazen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

佳き

see styles
Japanese yoki / よき Japanese (1) goodness; (pre-noun adjective) (2) (archaism) good

修善

see styles
Mandarin xiū shàn / xiu1 shan4
Taiwan hsiu shan
Japanese shuzen;shuuzen / shuzen;shuzen / しゅぜん;しゅうぜん
Japanese (noun/participle) (しゅぜん is a Buddhist term) accumulating good deeds; doing good; (personal name) Nobuyoshi; (personal name) Shuuzen
To cultivate goodness; the goodness that is cultivated, in contrast with natural goodness; cultivation of goodness

修斷


修断

see styles
Mandarin xiū duàn / xiu1 duan4
Taiwan hsiu tuan
Japanese shudan
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

勸善


劝善

see styles
Mandarin quàn shàn / quan4 shan4
Taiwan ch`üan shan / chüan shan
Japanese kanzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

啊喲


啊哟

see styles
Mandarin ā yo / a1 yo5
Taiwan a yo
Chinese interjection of surprise or pain; Oh; Ow; My goodness!

善き

see styles
Japanese yoki / よき Japanese (1) goodness; (pre-noun adjective) (2) (archaism) good

善友

see styles
Mandarin shàn yǒu / shan4 you3
Taiwan shan yu
Japanese zenyuu / zenyu / ぜんゆう
Japanese (obscure) good friend; (personal name) Yoshitomo; (given name) Zen'yuu
kalyāṇamitra, 'a friend of virtue, a religious counsellor,' M. W.; a friend in the good life, or one who stimulates to goodness; reliable friends

善宿

see styles
Mandarin shàn sù / shan4 su4
Taiwan shan su
Japanese zenshuku
Abiding in goodness, disciples who keep eight commandments, upavasatha, poṣadha.

善性

see styles
Mandarin shàn xìng / shan4 xing4
Taiwan shan hsing
Japanese zensei / zense / ぜんせい
Japanese innate goodness of man
Good nature, good in nature, or in fundamental quality; the quality of goodness

善果

see styles
Mandarin shàn guǒ / shan4 guo3
Taiwan shan kuo
Japanese zenka / ぜんか
Japanese good results
Good fruit from 善因 q.v.; good fortune in life resulting from previous goodness; good effects

善霊

see styles
Japanese zenrei / zenre / ぜんれい Japanese spirit of goodness

四住

see styles
Mandarin sì zhù / si4 zhu4
Taiwan ssu chu
Japanese shizumi / しずみ
Japanese (surname) Shizumi
The four abodes or states in the 智度論 3, i. e. (1) 天住 the devalokas, equivalents of charity, morality, and goodness of heart; (2) 梵住 the brahmalokas, equivalents of benevolence, pity, joy, and indifference; (3) 聖住 the abode of śrāvakas, pratyekabuddhas, and bodhisattvas, equivalent of the samādhi of the immaterial realm, formless and still; (4) 佛住 the Buddha-abode, the equivalent of the samādhis of the infinite. v. 四住地.

天呀

see styles
Mandarin tiān ya / tian1 ya5
Taiwan t`ien ya / tien ya
Chinese Heavens!; My goodness!

天哪

see styles
Mandarin tiān na / tian1 na5
Taiwan t`ien na / tien na
Chinese Good gracious!; For goodness sake!

客善

see styles
Mandarin kè shàn / ke4 shan4
Taiwan k`o shan / ko shan
Japanese kyakuzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

小善

see styles
Mandarin xiǎo shàn / xiao3 shan4
Taiwan hsiao shan
Japanese shouzen / shozen / しょうぜん
Japanese a small kindness; minor good deed; (surname) Shouzen; (surname) Kozen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

徳行

see styles
Japanese tokkou / tokko / とっこう Japanese virtuous act or deeds; goodness; (given name) Yasuyuki; (given name) Noriyuki; (given name) Tokkou; (surname, given name) Tokuyuki; (place-name) Tokugyou

忍善

see styles
Mandarin rěn shàn / ren3 shan4
Taiwan jen shan
Japanese ninzen
The patient and good; or patient in doing good; patient cultivation of goodness

念善

see styles
Mandarin niàn shàn / nian4 shan4
Taiwan nien shan
Japanese nenzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

忿怒

see styles
Mandarin fèn nù / fen4 nu4
Taiwan fen nu
Japanese funnu / ふんぬ
Chinese variant of 憤怒|愤怒[fen4 nu4]
Japanese (n,adj-no,vs) anger; rage; resentment; indignation; exasperation
Anger, angry, fierce, over-awing: a term for the 忿王 or 忿怒王 (忿怒明王) the fierce mahārājas as opponents of evil and guardians of Buddhism; one of the two bodhisattva forms, resisting evil, in contrast with the other form, manifesting goodness. There are three forms of this fierceness in the Garbhadhātu group and five in the Diamond group.

性善

see styles
Mandarin xìng shàn / xing4 shan4
Taiwan hsing shan
Japanese seizen;shouzen / sezen;shozen / せいぜん;しょうぜん
Chinese the theory of Mencius that people are by nature good
Japanese (しょうぜん is a Buddhist term) intrinsic goodness; (personal name) Shouzen
Good by nature (rather than by effort); naturally good; in contrast with 性惡 evil by nature. Cf. 性具.

性德

see styles
Mandarin xìng dé / xing4 de2
Taiwan hsing te
Japanese shōtoku
Natural capacity for good (or evil), in contrast with 修性 powers (of goodness) attained by practice; virtues possessed by nature

慧業


慧业

see styles
Mandarin huì yè / hui4 ye4
Taiwan hui yeh
Japanese egō
Undertaking and doing; practical goodness resulting from wisdom; intelligent activity

散善

see styles
Mandarin sàn shàn / san4 shan4
Taiwan san shan
Japanese sanzen
Goodness cultivated during normal life, not as 定善, i.e. by meditation; wholesome [behavior, even in a] state of distraction

有善

see styles
Mandarin yǒu shàn / you3 shan4
Taiwan yu shan
Japanese ariyoshi / ありよし
Japanese (male given name) Ariyoshi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

業魔


业魔

see styles
Mandarin yè mó / ye4 mo2
Taiwan yeh mo
Japanese gōma
Karma-māras, the demons who or the karma which hinders and harms goodness; karmic demons

機誼


机谊

see styles
Mandarin jī yí / ji1 yi2
Taiwan chi i
Japanese kigi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

止善

see styles
Mandarin zhǐ shàn / zhi3 shan4
Taiwan chih shan
Japanese shizen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

波旬

see styles
Mandarin bō xún / bo1 xun2
Taiwan po hsün
Japanese hajun / はじゅん
Japanese {Buddh} killer demon; demon who strives to destroy all goodness
(波旬踰); 波鞞 Pāpīyān. Pāpīmān. Pāpīmā. Pāpīyān is very wicked. Pāpīyān is a Buddhist term for 惡者 the Evil One; 殺者 the Murderer; Māra; because he strives to kill all goodness; v. 魔. Also 波卑面 or 波卑椽 or 波卑緣.

淸白

see styles
Mandarin qīng bái / qing1 bai2
Taiwan ch`ing pai / ching pai
Japanese shōbyaku
Pure and white, pure white, as Buddha-truth, or as pure goodness.

無善


无善

see styles
Mandarin wú shàn / wu2 shan4
Taiwan wu shan
Japanese muzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

生善

see styles
Mandarin shēng shàn / sheng1 shan4
Taiwan sheng shan
Japanese shōzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

異熟


异熟

see styles
Mandarin yì shú / yi4 shu2
Taiwan i shu
Japanese ijuku
vipāka, different when cooked, or matured, i.e. the effect differing from the cause, e. g. pleasure differing from goodness its cause, and pain from evil. Also, maturing or producing its effects in another life; maturation; retribution

福足

see styles
Mandarin fú zú / fu2 zu2
Taiwan fu tsu
Japanese fukusoku
The feet of blessedness, one consisting of the first five pāramitās, the other being the sixth pāramitā, i.e. wisdom; happiness replete; leg of goodness

篤行

see styles
Mandarin dǔ xíng / du3 xing2
Taiwan tu hsing
Japanese tokkou / tokko / とっこう
Chinese to carry out (obligation) conscientiously; to behave sincerely
Japanese virtuous conduct; virtue; goodness; (personal name) Tokuyuki; (given name) Atsuyuki

習善


习善

see styles
Mandarin xí shàn / xi2 shan4
Taiwan hsi shan
Japanese shūzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

良き

see styles
Japanese yoki / よき Japanese (1) goodness; (pre-noun adjective) (2) (archaism) good

萬善


万善

see styles
Mandarin wàn shàn / wan4 shan4
Taiwan wan shan
Japanese manzen
All goodness, all good works.

行善

see styles
Mandarin xíng shàn / xing2 shan4
Taiwan hsing shan
Japanese yukiyoshi / ゆきよし    gyouzen / gyozen / ぎょうぜん
Chinese to do good works; to be merciful
Japanese (personal name) Yukiyoshi; (given name) Gyouzen
To do good; deeds that are good; to offer up deeds of goodness; the doing good

護善


护善

see styles
Mandarin hù shàn / hu4 shan4
Taiwan hu shan
Japanese gozen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

賢聖


贤圣

see styles
Mandarin xián shèng / xian2 sheng4
Taiwan hsien sheng
Japanese kensei / kense / けんせい
Japanese (personal name) Kensei
Those who are noted for goodness, and those who are also noted for wisdom, or insight; the xian are still of ordinary human standard, the sheng transcend them in wisdom and character; the attainments from 見道 upwards are those of the sheng; the xian is on the moral plane, and has not eliminated illusion; the sheng has cut of illusion and has insight into absolute reality. The Mahāyāna has three stages for the xian and ten for the sheng; the Hīnayāna has seven for each; wise person

追善

see styles
Mandarin zhuī shàn / zhui1 shan4
Taiwan chui shan
Japanese tsuizen / ついぜん
Japanese (noun/participle) mass for the dead; Buddhist service held on the anniversary of someone's death
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

逆緣


逆缘

see styles
Mandarin nì yuán / ni4 yuan2
Taiwan ni yüan
Japanese gyakuen
Resisting accessory cause; as goodness is the 順 or accordant cause so evil is the resisting cause of the Buddha way; contrary causes

一闡提


一阐提

see styles
Mandarin yī chǎn tí / yi1 chan3 ti2
Taiwan i ch`an t`i / i chan ti
Japanese issendai
(一闡提迦) icchantika. Also 一顚迦, 阿闡底迦 One without desire for Buddha enlightenment; an unbeliever; shameless, an enemy of the good; full of desires; 斷善根者 one who has cut off his roots of goodness; it is applied also to a bodhisattva who has made a vow not to become a Buddha until all beings are saved. This is called 大悲闡提 the icchantika of great mercy.

三善道

see styles
Mandarin sān shàn dào / san1 shan4 dao4
Taiwan san shan tao
Japanese san zendō
(or 三善趣) The three good or upward directions or states of existence: 天 the highest class of goodness rewarded with the deva life, or heaven; 人 the middle class of goodness with a return to human life; 阿修羅 the inferior class of goodness with the asura state. Cf. 三惡道; v. 智度論 30; three good destinies

三聚戒

see styles
Mandarin sān jù jiè / san1 ju4 jie4
Taiwan san chü chieh
Japanese sanju kai
(三聚淨戒) The three cumulative commandments: (a) the formal 5, 8, or 10, and the rest; (b) whatever works for goodness; (c) whatever works for the welfare or salvation of living, sentient beings. 三聚圓戒interprets the above three as implicit in each of the ten commandments e.g. (a) not to kill implies (b) mercy and (c) protection or salvation; three sets of precepts

下劣善

see styles
Mandarin xià liè shàn / xia4 lie4 shan4
Taiwan hsia lieh shan
Japanese geretsu zen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

世間善


世间善

see styles
Mandarin shì jiān shàn / shi4 jian1 shan4
Taiwan shih chien shan
Japanese seken zen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

令增長


令增长

see styles
Mandarin lìng zēng zhǎng / ling4 zeng1 zhang3
Taiwan ling tseng chang
Japanese ryō zōjō
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

加行善

see styles
Mandarin jiā xíng shàn / jia1 xing2 shan4
Taiwan chia hsing shan
Japanese kegyō zen
修得善; 方便善 Goodness acquired by earnest effort, or 'works', as differentiated from 生得善 natural goodness; virtue based on present effort

勤修善

see styles
Mandarin qín xiū shàn / qin2 xiu1 shan4
Taiwan ch`in hsiu shan / chin hsiu shan
Japanese gonshuzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

四性行

see styles
Mandarin sì xìng xíng / si4 xing4 xing2
Taiwan ssu hsing hsing
Japanese shi shō gyō
The four kinds of conduct natural to a Bodhisattva, that arising from his native goodness, his vow-nature, his compliant nature, i. e. to the six pāramitās, and his transforming nature, i. e. his powers of conversion or salvation; four kinds of conduct kin to the bodhisattva nature

大善利

see styles
Mandarin dà shàn lì / da4 shan4 li4
Taiwan ta shan li
Japanese daizenri
The great benefit that results from goodness, also expressed as 大善大利 implying the better one is the greater the resulting benefit; great good improvement

天人師


天人师

see styles
Mandarin tiān rén shī / tian1 ren2 shi1
Taiwan t`ien jen shih / tien jen shih
Japanese ten nin shi
`saastaa devamam.syaanaam 舍多提婆摩菟舍喃, teacher of devas and men, one of the ten epithets of a Buddha, because he reveals goodness and morality, and is able to save; teacher of gods and men

性仁賢


性仁贤

see styles
Mandarin xìng rén xián / xing4 ren2 xian2
Taiwan hsing jen hsien
Japanese shō ninken
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

斷善根


断善根

see styles
Mandarin duàn / duan4
Taiwan tuan
Japanese dan zenkon
To cut off, or destroy, roots of goodness; to cut off of one's good roots of meritorious practice

有流善

see styles
Mandarin yǒu liú shàn / you3 liu2 shan4
Taiwan yu liu shan
Japanese uru zen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

有漏善

see styles
Mandarin yǒu lòu shàn / you3 lou4 shan4
Taiwan yu lou shan
Japanese urozen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

欲界善

see styles
Mandarin yù jiè shàn / yu4 jie4 shan4
Taiwan yü chieh shan
Japanese yokukai zen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

無種性


无种性

see styles
Mandarin wú zhǒng xìng / wu2 zhong3 xing4
Taiwan wu chung hsing
Japanese mushu shō
The nature without the seed of goodness and so unable to escape from the stream of transmigration; lacking the seeds [for buddhahood]

異熟因


异熟因

see styles
Mandarin yì shú yīn / yi4 shu2 yin1
Taiwan i shu yin
Japanese ijuku in
vipāka-hetu heterogeneous cause, i.e. a cause producing a different effect, known as 無記 neutral, or not ethical, e.g. goodness resulting in pleasure, evil in pain; ripening cause

おやおや

see styles
Japanese oyaoya / おやおや Japanese (interjection) my goodness!; oh my!; oh dear!

七不可避

see styles
Mandarin qī bù kě bì / qi1 bu4 ke3 bi4
Taiwan ch`i pu k`o pi / chi pu ko pi
Japanese shichi fukahi
The seven unavoidables— rebirth, old age, sickness, death, punishment (for sin), happiness (for goodness), consequences (cause and effect 因緣).

七賢七聖


七贤七圣

see styles
Mandarin qī xián qī shèng / qi1 xian2 qi1 sheng4
Taiwan ch`i hsien ch`i sheng / chi hsien chi sheng
Japanese shichi ken shichi shō
The 七聖 are the seven developments of holiness, which follow the 七賢. In the Huayan 華嚴school they are called 七士夫, 七大夫 or七聖人. Cf. 倶舍論25; seven stages of goodness and seven stages of holiness

不定性聚

see styles
Mandarin bù dìng xìng jù / bu4 ding4 xing4 ju4
Taiwan pu ting hsing chü
不定聚 One of the three Tiantai groups of humanity, the indeterminate normal class of people, as contrasted with sages 定性聚 whose natures are determined for goodness, and the wicked 邪定性聚 whose natures are determined for evil.

世間善心


世间善心

see styles
Mandarin shì jiān shàn xīn / shi4 jian1 shan4 xin1
Taiwan shih chien shan hsin
Japanese seken zen shin
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

了因佛性

see styles
Mandarin le yīn fú xìng / le yin1 fu2 xing4
Taiwan le yin fu hsing
Japanese ryōin busshō
The second of the three Buddha-nature "causes", i.e. 正因佛性 is the 眞如 as direct cause of attaining the perfect Buddha-nature, associated with the 法身; 了因佛性 is the revealing or enlightening cause, associated with the Buddha-wisdom; 緣因佛性 is the environing cause, e.g. his goodness and merits which result in deliverance, or salvation.

何てこと

see styles
Japanese nantekoto / なんてこと Japanese (interjection) (kana only) My goodness!; Good lord!; Holy cow!

六事成就

see styles
Mandarin liù shì chéng jiù / liu4 shi4 cheng2 jiu4
Taiwan liu shih ch`eng chiu / liu shih cheng chiu
Japanese rokuji jōjū
The six things which enable a bodhisattva to keep perfectly the six pāramitās — worshipful offerings, study of the moral duties, pity, zeal in goodness, isolation, delight in the law; these are described as corresponding to the pāramitās seriatim; v. 莊嚴經 12; six affairs of completion

大善地法

see styles
Mandarin dà shàn dì fǎ / da4 shan4 di4 fa3
Taiwan ta shan ti fa
Japanese dai zenchi hō
The ten mental conditions for cultivation of goodness, being a part of the forty-six methods mentioned in the 倶舍論 4 ; faith, zeal, renunciation, shame (for one's own sin), shame (for another's sin), no desire, no dislike, no harm, calmness, self-control. v. 大地法.

大興善寺


大兴善寺

see styles
Mandarin dà xìng shàn sì / da4 xing4 shan4 si4
Taiwan ta hsing shan ssu
Japanese daikouzenji / daikozenji / だいこうぜんじ
Japanese (personal name) Daikouzenji
The great goodness-promoting monastery, one of the ten great Tang monasteries at Changan, commenced in the Sui dynasty; Da xingshan si

妙善公主

see styles
Mandarin miào shàn gōng zhǔ / miao4 shan4 gong1 zhu3
Taiwan miao shan kung chu
Japanese Myōzen kōshu
The princess of wonderful goodness, name of Guanyin as third daughter of King 莊嚴 Zhuangyan.

廢惡修善


废恶修善

see styles
Mandarin fèi è xiū shàn / fei4 e4 xiu1 shan4
Taiwan fei o hsiu shan
Japanese haiaku shuzen
To cast aside evil and perform the good; abandon evil and cultivate goodness

性自仁賢


性自仁贤

see styles
Mandarin xìng zì rén xián / xing4 zi4 ren2 xian2
Taiwan hsing tzu jen hsien
Japanese shōji ninken
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

斷惡修善


断恶修善

see styles
Mandarin duàn è xiū shàn / duan4 e4 xiu1 shan4
Taiwan tuan o hsiu shan
Japanese dannaku shuzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

止惡修善


止恶修善

see styles
Mandarin zhǐ è xiū shàn / zhi3 e4 xiu1 shan4
Taiwan chih o hsiu shan
Japanese shiakushuzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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This page contains 100 results for "goodness" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary