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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ tu3
Taiwan t`u / tu
Japanese ni / に    do;to / ど;と
Chinese earth; dust; clay; local; indigenous; crude opium; unsophisticated; one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]; Tu (ethnic group); surname Tu
Japanese (archaism) soil (esp. reddish soil); (1) (ど only) (abbreviation) (See 土曜) Saturday; (2) (See 五行・1) earth (third of the five elements); (n,n-pref,n-suf) (3) (と only) (abbreviation) (See 土耳古・1) Turkey; (place-name) Do; (surname) Tsuchitaka; (personal name) Tsuchishio; (surname) Tsuchi
Bhū; bhūmi; pṛthivī. Earth, locality, local, vulgar.

see styles
Mandarin de / de
Taiwan te
Japanese chi / ち    ji / じ
Chinese earth; ground; field; place; land; CL:片[pian4]; -ly; structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) earth; ground; land; soil; (2) place; (3) territory; (4) (See 天地無用) bottom (of a package, book, etc.); (5) (See 五大・1,土・ど・2) earth (one of the five elements); (1) (abbreviation) ground; land; earth; soil; (2) the region in question; the local area; (3) skin; (4) texture; fabric; material; weave; (5) base; background; (6) one's true nature; (7) narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story); (8) real life; actuality; (9) (in the game of go) captured territory; (10) (See 地謡) noh chorus; (11) (in Japanese dance) accompaniment music; (12) (in Japanese music) basic phrase (usu. repetitive); (13) base part (of multiple shamisens); (surname) Hamadzi; (surname) Chitoku; (surname) Chizaki; (surname) Chi; (surname) Shouchi; (surname) Koochi
pṛthivī, 鉢里體尾 the earth, ground; bhūmi, 歩弭 the earth, place, situation; talima, 託史麽 (or 託吏麽) ground, site; explained by 土地 earth, ground; 能生 capable of producing; 所依 that on which things rely. It is also the spiritual rank, position, or character attained by a Bodhisattva as a result of 住 remaining and developing in a given state in order to attain this 地 rank; v. 十住; 住位 and 十地.

see styles
Mandarin/ mu4
Taiwan mu
Japanese moku / もく
Chinese tree; wood; coffin; wooden; simple; numb; one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]; surname Mu
Japanese (1) (abbreviation) (See 木曜) Thursday; (2) (See 五行・1) wood (first of the five elements); (female given name) Moku; (given name) Bokukei; (female given name) Baumu; (surname) Tagaki; (personal name) Sunao; (personal name) Kimoto; (personal name) Kitsugi; (personal name) Kitsuki; (surname) Kidaka; (personal name) Kisuki; (surname) Ki
Wood; a tree; kāṣṭha, a piece of wood, wood, timber.

see styles
Mandarin shuǐ / shui3
Taiwan shui
Japanese mizu(p);mi / みず(P);み    sui / すい
Chinese water; river; liquid; beverage; additional charges or income; (of clothes) classifier for number of washes; surname Shui
Japanese (1) (み is generally used in compounds) (See 湯・ゆ・1) water (esp. cool, fresh water, e.g. drinking water); (2) fluid (esp. in an animal tissue); liquid; (3) flood; floodwaters; (4) (みず only) {sumo} (See 力水) water offered to wrestlers just prior to a bout; (5) (みず only) {sumo} (See 水入り) break granted to wrestlers engaged in a prolonged bout; (1) (abbreviation) (See 水曜日) Wednesday; (2) (See 氷水) shaved ice (served with flavored syrup); (3) (See 五行・1) water (fifth of the five elements); (female given name) Yoshimi; (female given name) Minamo; (female given name) Minato; (female given name) Mina; (personal name) Mizuhai; (personal name) Mizutsugi; (surname) Mizutaka; (surname) Mizuzaki; (surname) Mizusaki; (female given name) Mizuki; (personal name) Mizuarai; (surname, female given name) Mizu; (female given name) Sui; (female given name) Io; (female given name) Akua; (female given name) Aoi
water; liquid.

see styles
Mandarin huǒ / huo3
Taiwan huo
Japanese hi / ひ    ka / か
Chinese fire; urgent; ammunition; fiery or flaming; internal heat (Chinese medicine); hot (popular); classifier for military units (old); surname Huo
Japanese (n,n-suf) fire; flame; blaze; (1) (abbreviation) (See 火曜) Tuesday; (2) (See 五行・1) fire (second of the five elements)
Fire, flame. Śikhin 尸棄; 式棄, which means fire in the sense of flame, is the name of the 999th Buddha of the kalpa preceding this.

see styles
Mandarin kōng / kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Japanese kuu / ku / くう    kara / から
Chinese to empty; vacant; unoccupied; space; leisure; free time; empty; air; sky; in vain
Japanese (1) empty air; sky; (2) {Buddh} shunyata; emptiness; the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon; (3) (abbreviation) (See 空軍) air force; (noun or adjectival noun) (4) fruitlessness; meaninglessness; (5) (See 五大・1) void (one of the five elements); (can be adjective with の) (6) {math} empty (e.g. set); (noun - becomes adjective with の) emptiness; vacuum; blank; (female given name) Ron; (personal name) Hiroshi; (female given name) Hikari; (female given name) Haruka; (female given name) Noa; (surname) Sorasaki; (female given name) Sora; (female given name) Sukai; (female given name) Shieru; (personal name) Kuukai; (surname, female given name) Kuu; (female given name) Kanata; (female given name) Kasumi; (female given name) Urue; (surname, female given name) Aki; (female given name) Aoi
śūnya, empty, void, hollow, vacant, nonexistent. śūnyatā, 舜若多, vacuity, voidness, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, perhaps spirituality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, the seeming 假 being unreal. The doctrine that all phenomena and the ego have no reality, but are composed of a certain number of skandhas or elements, which disintegrate. The void, the sky, space. The universal, the absolute, complete abstraction without relativity. There are classifications into 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, 16, and 18 categories. The doctrine is that all things are compounds, or unstable organisms, possessing no self-essence, i.e. are dependent, or caused, come into existence only to perish. The underlying reality, the principle of eternal relativity, or non-infinity, i.e. śūnya, permeates all phenomena making possible their evolution. From this doctrine the Yogācārya school developed the idea of the permanent reality, which is Essence of Mind, the unknowable noumenon behind all phenomena, the entity void of ideas and phenomena, neither matter nor mind, but the root of both.

see styles
Mandarin jīn / jin1
Taiwan chin
Japanese kin / きん
Chinese gold; chemical element Au; generic term for lustrous and ductile metals; money; golden; highly respected; one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]; surname Jin; surname Kim (Korean); Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) gold (Au); golden (color); gold (medal, cup); (adj-no,n) (2) valuable; of highest value; (3) money; gold coin (orig. meaning); (4) (abbreviation) (See 金曜) Friday; (5) (See 五行・1) metal (fourth of the five elements); (6) Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE); (n,n-suf) (7) (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 金将) gold general; (8) (abbreviation) (colloquialism) (See 金玉・きんたま) testicles; (suf,ctr) (9) karat; carat; (surname) Kimu; Kim; (surname) Yun; (personal name) Dzin; (personal name) Chin; (surname) Chiyon; (personal name) Jin; (surname) Jiyon; (surname) Jun; (surname) Jiyai; (surname) Kon; (surname) Kintaka; (personal name) Kinji; (surname, female given name) Kin; (surname) Kiyon; (personal name) Kaneyuki; (personal name) Kanenori; (surname) Kanetaka; (personal name) Kaneshi; (personal name) Kanekatsu; (surname) Kane
hiraṇya, 伊爛拏 which means cold, any precious metal, semen, etc.; or 蘇伐刺 suvarṇa, which means "of a good or beautiful colour", "golden", "yellow", "gold", "a gold coin", etc. The Chinese means metal, gold, money.


see styles
Mandarin fēng / feng1
Taiwan feng
Japanese fuu / fu / ふう    kaze / かぜ
Chinese wind; news; style; custom; manner; CL:陣|阵[zhen4],絲|丝[si1]
Japanese (adj-na,n,n-suf) (1) method; manner; way; style; (2) appearance; air; (3) tendency; (4) (See 六義・1) folk song (genre of the Shi Jing); (5) (See 五大・1) wind (one of the five elements); (1) wind; breeze; draught; draft; (n,n-pref) (2) (See 風・ふう・1) manner; behaviour; behavior; (3) (irreg. kanji form) (See 風邪・かぜ) cold; influenza; (female given name) Fuwari; (female given name) Fuuka; (female given name) Fuu; (personal name) Hayashi; (given name) Gaifuu; (surname, female given name) Kaze; (place-name) Kaza
vāyu. Wind, air; rumour, repute; custom; temper, lust.

五行

see styles
Mandarin wǔ xíng / wu3 xing2
Taiwan wu hsing
Japanese gogyou / gogyo / ごぎょう
Chinese five phases of Chinese philosophy: wood 木, fire 火, earth 土, metal 金, water 水
Japanese (1) (See 五大・ごだい・1) the five elements (in Chinese philosophy: wood, fire, earth, metal and water); the five phases; wu xing; (2) {Buddh} five practices of the Bodhisattvas; (3) (See 六信五行) the five pillars of Islam; (surname, given name) Gogyou
The five lines of conduct. I. According to the 起信論 Awakening of Faith they are almsgiving; keeping the commandments; patience under insult; zeal or progress; meditation. II. According to the 涅槃經 Nirvana Sutra they are saintly or bodhisattva deeds; arhat, or noble deeds; deva deeds; children's deeds (i. e. normal good deeds of men, devas, and Hinayanists); sickness conditions, e. g. illness, delusion, etc.; — into all these lines of conduct and conditions a Bodhisattva enters. III. The five elements, or tanmātra— wood, fire, earth, metal, and water; or earth, water, ire, air, and ether (or space) as taught by the later Mahāyāna philosophy; idem 五大; five practices

四大

see styles
Mandarin sì dà / si4 da4
Taiwan ssu ta
Japanese yondai / よんだい    shidai / しだい
Chinese the four elements: earth, water, fire, and wind (Buddhism); the four freedoms: speaking out freely, airing views fully, holding great debates, and writing big-character posters, 大鳴大放|大鸣大放[da4 ming2 da4 fang4], 大辯論|大辩论[da4 bian4 lun4], 大字報|大字报[da4 zi4 bao4] (PRC)
Japanese (See 短大) university or college offering four-year programs; (1) {Buddh} the four elements (earth, water, fire, wind); (2) the human body; (3) Tao, heaven, earth and king
mahābhūta, 四界; 四大界. The four elements of which all things are made; or the four realms; i. e. earth, water, fire, and wind (or air); they represent 堅, 濕, 煖, and 動 solid, liquid, heat, and motion; motion produces and maintains life. As 實 active or formative forces they are styled 四界 (四大界) ; as 假 passive or material objects they are 四大; but the 成實論 Satyasiddhi śāstra disputes the 實 and recognizes only the 假.

毒蛇

see styles
Mandarin dú shé / du2 she2
Taiwan tu she
Japanese dokuja;dokuhebi / どくじゃ;どくへび
Chinese viper
Japanese poisonous snake; poisonous serpent
A poisonous snake.; Poisonous snakes, the four elements of the body— earth, water, fire, wind (or air)— which harm a man by their variation, i. e. increase and decrease. Also, gold.

無我


无我

see styles
Mandarin wú wǒ / wu2 wo3
Taiwan wu wo
Japanese muga / むが
Chinese anatta (Buddhist concept of "non-self")
Japanese (1) selflessness; self-effacement; self-renunciation; (2) {Buddh} anatta; anatman; doctrine that states that humans do not possess souls; (female given name) Muga
anātman; nairātmya; no ego, no soul (of an independent and self-contained character), impersonal, no individual independent existence (of conscious or unconscious beings, anātmaka). The empirical ego is merely an aggregation of various elements, and with their disintegration it ceases to exist; therefore it has nm ultimate reality of its own, but the Nirvāṇa Sūtra asserts the reality of the ego in the transcendental realm. The non-Buddhist definition of ego is that it has permanent individuality 常一之體 and is independent or sovereign 有主宰之用. When applied to men it is 人我, when to things it is 法我. Cf. 常 11; no-self

風雨

see styles
Mandarin fēng yǔ / feng1 yu3
Taiwan feng yü
Japanese fuuu / fuu / ふうう
Chinese wind and rain; the elements; trials and hardships
Japanese wind and rain; (given name) Fuuu

和敬清寂

see styles
Japanese wakeiseijaku / wakesejaku / わけいせいじゃく
Japanese (yoji) harmony, respect, purity and tranquility; the four most important elements of the tea ceremony

地水火風


地水火风

see styles
Mandarin dì shuǐ huǒ fēng / di4 shui3 huo3 feng1
Taiwan ti shui huo feng
Japanese chisuikafuu;jisuikafuu / chisuikafu;jisuikafu / ちすいかふう;じすいかふう
Japanese {Buddh} earth, water, fire, and wind (the four elements)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

地水火風空

see styles
Japanese chisuikafuukuu;jisuikafuukuu / chisuikafuku;jisuikafuku / ちすいかふうくう;じすいかふうくう Japanese {Buddh} earth, water, fire, wind and void (the five elements)

see styles
Mandarin yìn / yin4
Taiwan yin
Japanese in / いん
Chinese to print; to mark; to engrave; a seal; a print; a stamp; a mark; a trace; image; surname Yin; abbr. for 印度[Yin4 du4]
Japanese (1) seal; stamp; mark; print; (2) {Buddh} mudra (symbolic hand gesture); (n,n-suf,n-pref) (3) (abbreviation) (See 印度) India; (surname) In
mudrā; seal, sign, symbol, emblem, proof, assurance, approve; also 印契; 契印; 印相. Manual signs indicative of various ideas, e. g. each finger represents one of the five primary elements, earth, water, fire, air, and space, beginning with the little finger; the left hand represents 定 stillness, or meditation, the right hand 慧 discernment or wisdom; they have also many other indications. Also, the various symbols of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, e. g. the thunderbolt; cf. 因.; (度) The five Indias, or five regions of India, idem 五天竺 q. v.


see styles
Mandarin chén / chen2
Taiwan ch`en / chen
Japanese chiri / ちり    jin / じん
Chinese dust; dirt; earth
Japanese dust; dirt; (1) {Buddh} defilement; impurity; affliction; (2) object (perceived with the mind or the senses); (numeric) (3) one billionth
guṇa, in Sanskrit inter alia means 'a secondary element', 'a quality', 'an attribute of the five elements', e.g. 'ether has śabda or sound for its guṇa and the ear for its organ'. In Chinese it means 'dust, small particles; molecules, atoms, exhalations'. It may be intp. as an atom, or matter, which is considered as defilement; or as an active, conditioned principle in nature, minute, subtle, and generally speaking defiling to pure mind; worldly, earthly, the world. The six guṇas or sensation-data are those of sight, sound, smell, taste, touch, and thought; object

see styles
Mandarin/ da4
Taiwan ta
Japanese dai / だい    oo / おお
Chinese see 大夫[dai4 fu5]; big; huge; large; major; great; wide; deep; older (than); oldest; eldest; greatly; very much; (dialect) father; father's elder or younger brother
Japanese (prefix) (1) the large part of; (2) big; large; great; (suffix) (3) approximate size; no larger than; (4) (abbreviation) (See 大学・1) -university; (5) large (e.g. serving size); loud (e.g. volume setting); (prefix) (See 大・だい・2) big; large; (given name) Yutaka; (surname, given name) Masaru; (personal name) Masa; (male given name) Futoshi; (male given name) Hiroshi; (personal name) Hiro; (surname, given name) Hajime; (personal name) Daibuku; (personal name) Daifuku; (personal name) Daisue; (surname) Daijou; (personal name) Daikatsu; (surname, female given name) Dai; (given name) Takeshi; (male given name) Takashi; (given name) Shin; (personal name) Kazuhito; (surname) Oyagi; (surname) Otaka
Maha. 摩訶; 麼賀. Great, large, big; all pervading, all-embracing; numerous 多; surpassing ; mysterious 妙; beyond comprehension 不可思議; omnipresent 體無不在. The elements, or essential things, i.e. (a) 三大 The three all-pervasive qualities of the 眞如 q.v. : its 體, 相 , 用 substance, form, and functions, v. 起信論 . (b) 四大 The four tanmātra or elements, earth, water, fire, air (or wind) of the 倶舍論. (c)五大 The five, i.e. the last four and space 空, v. 大日經. (d) 六大 The six elements, earth, water, fire, wind, space (or ether), mind 識. Hīnayāna, emphasizing impersonality 人空, considers these six as the elements of all sentient beings; Mahāyāna, emphasizing the unreality of all things 法空, counts them as elements, but fluid in a flowing stream of life, with mind 識 dominant; the esoteric sect emphasizing nonproduction, or non-creation, regards them as universal and as the Absolute in differentiation. (e) 七大 The 楞嚴經 adds 見 perception, to the six above named to cover the perceptions of the six organs 根.

see styles
Mandarin/ se4
Taiwan se
Japanese shoku / しょく    shiki / しき    iro / いろ
Chinese color; dice; color; CL:種|种[zhong3]; look; appearance; sex
Japanese (counter) counter for colours; (1) {Buddh} (See 五蘊) rupa (form); (2) visible objects (i.e. color and form); (1) colour; color; (2) complexion; (3) appearance; look; (4) (See 色仕掛け) love; lust; sensuality; love affair; lover; (5) (also written 種) kind; type; variety; (female given name) Shiki; (surname) Iro
rūpa, outward appearance, form, colour, matter, thing; the desirable, especially feminine attraction. It is defined as that which has resistance; or which changes and disappears, i. e. the phenomenal; also as 顯, 形 and 表色 colour and quality, form or the measurable, and mode or action. There are divisions of two, i. e. inner and outer, as the organs and objects of sense; also colour and form; of three, i. e. the visible object, e. g. colour, the invisible object, e. g. sound, the invisible and immaterial; of eleven, i. e. the five organs and five objects of sense and the immaterial object; of fourteen, the five organs and five objects of sense and the four elements, earth, water, fire, air. rūpa is one of the six bāhya-āyatana, the 六塵; also one of the five skandhas, 五蘊, i. e. the 色身. Keith refers to rūpa as 'material form or matter which is underived (no-utpādā) and which is derived (utpādā)', the underived or independent being the tangible; the derived or dependent being the senses, e. g. of hearing; most of their objects, e. g. sound; the qualities or faculties of feminity, masculinity, vitality; intimation by act and speech, space; qualities of matter, e. g. buoyancy and physical nutriment.


see styles
Mandarin yùn / yun4
Taiwan yün
Japanese osamu / おさむ
Chinese to accumulate; to hold in store; to contain; to gather together; to collect; depth; inner strength; profundity
Japanese (given name) Osamu
skandha, v. 塞; older tr. 陰, intp. as that which covers or conceals, implying that physical and mental forms obstruct realization of the truth; while the tr. 蘊, implying an accumulation or heap, is a nearer connotation to skandha, which, originally meaning the shoulder, becomes stem, branch, combination, the objects of sense, the elements of being or mundane consciousness. The term is intp. as the five physical and mental constituents, which combine to form the intelligent 性 or nature; rūpa, the first of the five, is considered as physical, the remaining four as mental; v. 五蘊. The skandhas refer only to the phenomenal, not to the 無爲 non-phenomenal.

see styles
Mandarin/ mi3
Taiwan mi
Chinese formerly used for the chemical elements americium 鎇|镅[mei2] and osmium 鋨|锇[e2]

七大

see styles
Mandarin qī dà / qi1 da4
Taiwan ch`i ta / chi ta
Japanese shichidai
Earth , water, fire, wind, space (or ether), sight, and perception 地, 水, 火, 風, 空, 見, 証識; cf. 大, 五大and 六境; 見大 and 六根; 識大 and 六識; seven elements

三假

see styles
Mandarin sān jiǎ / san1 jia3
Taiwan san chia
Japanese sanke
prajñāpti. The word 假 q.v. in Buddhist terminology means that everything is merely phenomenal, and consists of derived elements; nothing therefore has real existeme, but all is empty and unreal, 虛妄不實. The three 假 are 法 things, 受 sensations, and 名 names; three nominal designations

九陰


九阴

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ yīn / jiu3 yin1
Taiwan chiu yin
Japanese ku'on
The five elements together with time, space, mind (manas), and soul (ātman) according to the teaching of the "heretical" Vaiśeṣika sect; v. 鞞; nine elements (of the Vaiśeṣikas)

五唯

see styles
Mandarin wǔ wéi / wu3 wei2
Taiwan wu wei
Japanese goyui
(五唯量) pañcatanmātrāṇi, the five subtle or rudimentary elements out of which rise the five sensations of sound, touch, form, taste, and smell. They are the fourth of the 二十五諦.

五因

see styles
Mandarin wǔ yīn / wu3 yin1
Taiwan wu yin
Japanese goin
The five causes, v. 倶舍論 7. i. e. (1) 生因 producing cause; (2) 依因supporting cause; (3) 立因 upholding or establishing cause; (4) 持因 maintaining cause; (5) 養因 nourishing or strengthening cause. These all refer to the four elements, earth, water, fire, wind, for they are the causers or producers and maintainers of the infinite forms of nature. Another list from the Nirvana-Sutra 21 is (1) 生因 cause of rebirth, i. e. previous delusion; (2) 和合因 intermingling cause, i. e. good with good, bad with bad, neutral with neutral; (3) 住因 cause of abiding in the present condition, i. e. the self in its attachments; (4) 增長因 causes of development, e. g. food, clothing, etc.; (5) 遠因 remoter cause, the parental seed.

五大

see styles
Mandarin wǔ dà / wu3 da4
Taiwan wu ta
Japanese godai / ごだい
Japanese (1) {Buddh} (See 五行・ごぎょう・1) the five elements (in Japanese philosophy: earth, water, fire, wind and void); (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 五大明王) five great wisdom kings; (surname) Godai
The five elements— earth, water, fire, wind, and space. v. also 五行 the five agents. In the esoteric cult the five are the physical manifestation, or garbhadhātu, v. 胎; as being in all phenomena they are called 五輪 the five evolvers; their phonetic embryos 種子 are those of the Five Dhyani-Buddhas of the five directions, v. 五佛.

五智

see styles
Mandarin wǔ zhì / wu3 zhi4
Taiwan wu chih
Japanese gochi / ごち
Japanese (place-name, surname) Gochi
The five kinds of wisdom of the 眞言宗 Shingon School. Of the six elements 六大 earth, water, fire, air (or wind), ether (or space) 曇空, and consciousness (or mind 識 ), the first five form the phenomenal world, or Garbhadhātu, the womb of all things 胎藏界, the sixth is the conscious, or perceptive, or wisdom world, the Vajradhātu 金剛界, sometimes called the Diamond realm. The two realms are not originally apart, but one, and there is no consciousness without the other five elements. The sixth element, vijñāna, is further subdivided into five called the 五智 Five Wisdoms: (1) 法界體性智 dharmadhātu-prakṛti-jñāna, derived from the amala-vijñāna, or pure 識; it is the wisdom of the embodied nature of the dharmadhātu, defined as the six elements, and is associated with Vairocana 大日, in the centre, who abides in this samādhi; it also corresponds to the ether 空 element. (2) 大圓鏡智 adarśana-jñāna, the great round mirror wisdom, derived from the ālaya-vijñāna, reflecting all things; corresponds to earth, and is associated with Akṣobhya and the east. (3) 平等性智 samatā-jñāna, derived from mano-vijñāna, wisdom in regard to all things equally and universally; corresponds to fire, and is associated with Ratnasaṃbhava and the south. (4) 妙觀察智 pratyavekṣaṇa-jñāna, derived from 意識, wisdom of profound insight, or discrimination, for exposition and doubt-destruction; corresponds to water, and is associated with Amitābha and the west. (5) 成所作智 kṛtyānuṣṭhāna-jñāna, derived from the five senses, the wisdom of perfecting the double work of self-welfare and the welfare of others; corresponds to air 風 and is associated with Amoghasiddhi and the north. These five Dhyāni-Buddhas are the 五智如來. The five kinds of wisdom are the four belonging to every Buddha, of the exoteric cult, to which the esoteric cult adds the first, pure, all-refecting, universal, all-discerning, and all-perfecting.

五輪


五轮

see styles
Mandarin wǔ lún / wu3 lun2
Taiwan wu lun
Japanese gorin / ごりん
Japanese Olympic rings; Olympics; (p,s,f) Gorin; (surname, female given name) Itsuwa
The five wheels, or things that turn: I. The 五體 or five members, i. e. the knees, the elbows, and the head; when all are placed on the ground it implies the utmost respect. II. The five foundations of the world. first and lowest the wheel or circle of space; above are those of wind; of water; the diamond, or earth; on these rest the nine concentric circles and eight seas. III. The esoteric sect uses the term for the 五大 five elements, earth, water, fire, wind, and space; also for the 五解脫輪 q. v. IV. The five fingers (of a Buddha).

份子


分子

see styles
Mandarin fèn zǐ // fèn zi / fen4 zi3 // fen4 zi5
Taiwan fen tzu // fen
Chinese members of a class or group; political elements (such as intellectuals or extremists); part; one's share of a gift price
Japanese See: 分子

係合

see styles
Japanese keigou / kego / けいごう Japanese (noun/participle) joining elements so they mate or hook together (e.g. a clutch); engagement

俗我

see styles
Mandarin sú wǒ / su2 wo3
Taiwan su wo
Japanese zokuga
The popular idea of the ego or soul, i.e. the empirical or false ego 假我 composed of the five skandhas. This is to be distinguished from the true ego 眞我 or 實我, the metaphysical substratum from which all empirical elements have been eliminated; v.八大自在我; mundane self

內界


内界

see styles
Mandarin nèi jiè / nei4 jie4
Taiwan nei chieh
Japanese naikai
The realm of mind as contrasted with 外界 that of the body; also the realm of cognition as contrasted with externals, e. g. the 五界 five elements; inner realm

六因

see styles
Mandarin liù yīn / liu4 yin1
Taiwan liu yin
Japanese rokuin
The six causations of the 六位 six stages of Bodhisattva development, q. v. Also, the sixfold division of causes of the Vaibhāṣikas (cf. Keith, 177-8); every phenomenon depends upon the union of 因 primary cause and 緣 conditional or environmental cause; and of the 因 there are six kinds: (1) 能作因 karaṇahetu, effective causes of two kinds: 與力因 empowering cause, as the earth empowers plant growth, and 不障因 non-resistant cause, as space does not resist, i. e. active and passive causes; (2) 倶有因 sahabhūhetu, co-operative causes, as the four elements 四大 in nature, not one of which can be omitted; (3) 同類因 sabhāgahetu, causes of the same kind as the effect, good producing good, etc.; (4) 相應因 saṃprayuktahetu, mutual responsive or associated causes, e. g. mind and mental conditions, subject with object; Keith gives 'faith and intelligence'; similar to (2); (5) 遍行因 sarvatragahetu, universal or omnipresent cause, i. e. of illusion, as of false views affecting every act; it resembles (3) but is confined to delusion; (6) 異熟因 vipākahetu, differental fruition, i. e. the effect different from the cause, as the hells are from evil deeds; six kinds of causes

六大

see styles
Mandarin liù dà / liu4 da4
Taiwan liu ta
Japanese rokudai / ろくだい
Japanese {Buddh} the six elements (earth, water, fire, wind, void, and consciousness); (place-name) Rokudai
The six great or fundamental things, or elements — earth; water; fire; wind (or air); space (or ether); and 識 mind, or perception. These are universal and creative of all things, but the inanimate 非情 are made only of the first five, while the animate 有情 are of all six. The esoteric cult represents the six elements, somewhat differently interpreted in the garbhadhātu and vajradhātu. Also 六大界.

六界

see styles
Mandarin liù jiè / liu4 jie4
Taiwan liu chieh
Japanese rokkai
The six elements: earth, water, fire, air (or wind), space, and mind; idem 六大.

冰火

see styles
Mandarin bīng huǒ / bing1 huo3
Taiwan ping huo
Chinese fire and ice; combination of sharply contrasting or incompatible elements

初歩

see styles
Japanese shoho / しょほ Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) basics; rudiments; elements; ABCs of ...; (female given name) Motoho; (personal name) Hatsuho

化行

see styles
Mandarin huà xíng / hua4 xing2
Taiwan hua hsing
Japanese kean
(化行二教) The two lines of teaching: i. e. in the elements, for conversion and admission, and 行教 or 制教 in the practices and moral duties especially for the Order, as represented in the Vinaya; cf. 化制.

四微

see styles
Mandarin sì wēi / si4 wei1
Taiwan ssu wei
Japanese shimi
The four minutest forms or atoms perceptible to the four senses of sight, smell, taste, or touch; from these arise the 四大 four elements, from which arise the 五智 five wisdoms, q. v.

四蛇

see styles
Mandarin sì shé / si4 she2
Taiwan ssu she
Japanese shida
idem 四毒蛇. The Fanyimingyi under this heading gives the parable of a man who fled from the two bewildering forms of life and death, and climbed down a rope (of life) 命根, into the well of impermanence 無常, where two mice, night and day, gnawed the rattan rope; on the four sides four snakes 四蛇 sought to poison him, i. e. the 四大 or four elements of his physical nature); below were three dragons 三毒龍 breathing fire and trying to seize him. On looking up he saw that two 象 elephants (darkness and light) had come to the mouth of the well; he was in despair, when a bee flew by and dropped some honey (the five desires 五欲) into his mouth, which he ate and entirely forgot his peril.

地大

see styles
Mandarin dì dà / di4 da4
Taiwan ti ta
Japanese chihiro / ちひろ    jidai / じだい
Japanese (personal name) Chihiro; (surname) Jidai
Earth as one of the 四大 four elements, 地 earth, 水大 water, 火大 fire, and 風大 air (i. e. air in motion, wind); to these 空大 space (Skt. ākāśa) is added to make the 五大 five elements; 識 vijñāna, perception to make the six elements; and 見 darśana, views, concepts, or reasonings to make the seven elements. The esoteric sect use the five fingers, beginning with the little finger, to symbolize the five elements; the element earth

地界

see styles
Mandarin dì jiè / di4 jie4
Taiwan ti chieh
Japanese chikai / ちかい
Japanese boundary; bounds of the earth; (place-name) Jizakai
The realm of earth, one of the four elements, v. 地大; element of earth

大種


大种

see styles
Mandarin dà zhǒng / da4 zhong3
Taiwan ta chung
Japanese daishu
The four great seeds, or elements (四大) which enter into all things, i.e. earth, water, fire, and wind, from which, as from seed, all things spring.

天気

see styles
Japanese tenki / てんき Japanese (1) (See お天気・1,気象・1) weather; the elements; (2) fair weather; fine weather

天資


天资

see styles
Mandarin tiān zī / tian1 zi1
Taiwan t`ien tzu / tien tzu
Japanese tenshi / てんし
Chinese innate talent; gift; flair; native resource; dowry
Japanese nature; natural elements

如大

see styles
Mandarin rú dà / ru2 da4
Taiwan ju ta
Japanese nyodai
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

字輪


字轮

see styles
Mandarin zì lún / zi4 lun2
Taiwan tzu lun
Japanese jirin
The wheel, rotation, or interchange of words for esoteric purposes, especially the five Sanskrit signs adopted for the five elements, earth, water, fire, air, space; wheel of words

宗要

see styles
Mandarin zōng yào / zong1 yao4
Taiwan tsung yao
Japanese shūyō
The fundamental tenets of a sect; the important elements, or main principle; doctrinal essentials

対語

see styles
Japanese tsuigo;taigo / ついご;たいご Japanese (1) (See 大小・1,男女・だんじょ) kanji compound formed of opposing elements; (2) (See 対義語) antonym; (3) (たいご only) conversation (face-to-face)

干支

see styles
Mandarin gān zhī / gan1 zhi1
Taiwan kan chih
Japanese eto;kanshi / えと;かんし
Chinese the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1] and twelve earthly branches 十二枝; sexagenary cycle
Japanese (1) sexagenary cycle (60-year cycle of 12 animal zodiac and 5 elements in Chinese astrology); (2) 12-year Chinese zodiac; (given name) Kanshi

微物

see styles
Japanese bibutsu / びぶつ Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) micro evidence; trace elements; small things

性火

see styles
Mandarin xìng huǒ / xing4 huo3
Taiwan hsing huo
Japanese shōka
Fire as one of the five elements, contrasted with 事火 phenomenal fire; essential fire

我空

see styles
Mandarin wǒ kōng / wo3 kong1
Taiwan wo k`ung / wo kung
Japanese gakū
生空 (衆生空); 人空 Illusion of the concept of the reality of the ego, man being composed of elements and disintegrated when these are dissolved; emptiness of self

會意

see styles
Mandarin huì yì / hui4 yi4
Taiwan hui i
Chinese combined ideogram (one of the Six Methods 六書|六书[liu4 shu1] of forming Chinese characters); Chinese character that combines the meanings of existing elements; also known as joint ideogram or associative compounds; to comprehend without being told explicitly; to cotton on; knowing (smile, glance etc)

有大

see styles
Mandarin yǒu dà / you3 da4
Taiwan yu ta
Japanese udai
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

有空

see styles
Mandarin yǒu kōng / you3 kong1
Taiwan yu k`ung / yu kung
Japanese u kū
Chinese to have time (to do something)
Phenomenal and noumenal; the manifold forms of things exist, but things, being constructed of elements, have no per se reality; existence and emptiness

水大

see styles
Mandarin shuǐ dà / shui3 da4
Taiwan shui ta
Japanese suidai
The element water, one of the four elements 四大 q. v; water element

水界

see styles
Mandarin shuǐ jiè / shui3 jie4
Taiwan shui chieh
The realm of water, one of the 四大 four elements.

法我

see styles
Mandarin fǎ wǒ / fa3 wo3
Taiwan fa wo
Japanese hōga
A thing per se, i. e. the false notion of anything being a thing in itself, individual, independent, and not merely composed of elements to be disintegrated. 法我見 The false view as above, cf. 我見.

法有

see styles
Mandarin fǎ yǒu / fa3 you3
Taiwan fa yu
Japanese hōu
The false view of Hīnayāna that things, or the elements of which they are made, are real; objective phenomena exist

法空

see styles
Mandarin fǎ kōng / fa3 kong1
Taiwan fa k`ung / fa kung
Japanese hokkū
The emptiness or unreality of things, everything being dependent on something else and having no individual existence apart from other things; hence the illusory nature of all things as being composed of elements and not possessing reality; emptiness of dharmas

法體


法体

see styles
Mandarin fǎ tǐ / fa3 ti3
Taiwan fa t`i / fa ti
Japanese hōtai
Embodiment of the Law, or of things. (1) Elements into which the Buddhists divided the universe; the Abhidharmakośa has 75, the 成實論 Satyasiddhi Sāstra 84, the Yogācārya 100. (2) A monk; essence of all things

清查

see styles
Mandarin qīng chá / qing1 cha2
Taiwan ch`ing ch`a / ching cha
Chinese to investigate thoroughly; to carefully inspect; to verify; to ferret out (undesirable elements)

火大

see styles
Mandarin huǒ dà / huo3 da4
Taiwan huo ta
Japanese kadai
Chinese to get mad; to be very angry
The element fire, one of the 四大 four elements; fire element

火界

see styles
Mandarin huǒ jiè / huo3 jie4
Taiwan huo chieh
Japanese kakai
The realm of fire, one of the realms of the four elements 四大, i. e. earth, water, fire, and wind. Cf. 火院; fire as element

白品

see styles
Mandarin bái pǐn / bai2 pin3
Taiwan pai p`in / pai pin
Japanese byakuhon
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

百法

see styles
Mandarin bǎi fǎ / bai3 fa3
Taiwan pai fa
Japanese hyappō
The hundred divisions of all mental qualities and their agents, of the 唯識 School; also known as the 五位百法five groups of the 100 modes or 'things': (1) 心法 the eight 識 perceptions, or forms of consciousness; (2) 心所有法 the fifty-one mental ideas; (3) 色法 the five physical organs and their six modes of sense, e. g. ear and sound; (4) 不相應行 twenty-four indefinites, or unconditioned elements; (5) 無爲 six inactive or metaphysical concepts.

硬派

see styles
Japanese kouha / koha / こうは Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) (1) tough elements; hard-liners; stalwarts; diehards; hawks; (2) considering association with women and interest in fashion as weakness and focusing on strength and manliness; young tough; young rowdy; (3) hard (news); hard news reporter; (4) strait-laced (person); straight-laced; overly serious regarding relations between men and women; (5) bullish traders

神気

see styles
Japanese shinki / しんき Japanese the elements; spirit; mind; divinity; (surname) Kamiki

空大

see styles
Mandarin kōng dà / kong1 da4
Taiwan k`ung ta / kung ta
Japanese takatomo / たかとも
Japanese (given name) Takatomo
Space, one of the five elements (earth, water, fire, wind, space); v. 五大; element of space

空相

see styles
Mandarin kōng xiāng / kong1 xiang1
Taiwan k`ung hsiang / kung hsiang
Japanese kuusou / kuso / くうそう
Japanese {Buddh} the empty nature of all things
Voidness, emptiness, space, the immaterial, that which cannot be expressed in terms of the material. The characteristic of all things is unreality, i.e. they are composed of elements which disintegrate. v. 空; mark of emptiness

綱要


纲要

see styles
Mandarin gāng yào / gang1 yao4
Taiwan kang yao
Japanese kouyou / koyo / こうよう
Chinese outline; essential points
Japanese elements; essentials; outline
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

肅反

see styles
Mandarin sù fǎn / su4 fan3
Taiwan su fan
Chinese purge of counterrevolutionary elements (esp. Stalin's purges of the 1930 and Mao's purges 1955-57); abbr. for 肅清反革命份子|肃清反革命分子

處界


处界

see styles
Mandarin chù jiè / chu4 jie4
Taiwan ch`u chieh / chu chieh
Japanese shokai
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

見大


见大

see styles
Mandarin jiàn dà / jian4 da4
Taiwan chien ta
Japanese kendai
Visibility (or perceptibility) as one of the seven elements of the universe; element of visibility

解離

see styles
Mandarin jiě lí / jie3 li2
Taiwan chieh li
Japanese kairi / かいり
Chinese dissociation; to break up a chemical compound into its elements
Japanese (noun/participle) dissociation

諸元

see styles
Japanese shogen / しょげん Japanese various factors or elements; (surname) Moromoto

識界


识界

see styles
Mandarin shì jiè / shi4 jie4
Taiwan shih chieh
Japanese shikikai
vijñāna-dhātu, the elements of consciousness, the realm of mind, the sphere of mind, mind as a distinct realm; sphere of consciousness

通教

see styles
Mandarin tōng jiào / tong1 jiao4
Taiwan t`ung chiao / tung chiao
Japanese michinori / みちのり
Japanese (given name) Michinori
Tiantai classified Buddhist schools into four periods 藏, 通, 別, and 圓. The 藏 Piṭaka school was that of Hīnayāna. The 通Tong, interrelated or intermediate school, was the first stage of Mahāyāna, having in it elements of all the three vehicles, śrāvaka, pratyekabuddha, and bodhisattva. Its developing doctrine linked it with Hīnayāna on the one hand and on the other with the two further developments of the 別 'separate', or 'differentiated' Mahāyāna teaching, and the 圓 full-orbed, complete, or perfect Mahāyāna. The 通教 held the doctrine of the Void, but had not arrived at the doctrine of the Mean.

連貫

see styles
Mandarin lián guàn / lian2 guan4
Taiwan lien kuan
Chinese to link up (disparate elements); coherent (narrative, argument etc)

達磨


达磨

see styles
Mandarin dá mó / da2 mo2
Taiwan ta mo
Japanese daruma(p);daruma / だるま(P);ダルマ
Japanese (1) (kana only) daruma; tumbling doll; round, red-painted good-luck doll in the shape of Bodhidharma, with a blank eye to be completed when a person's wish is granted; (2) (kana only) Bodhidharma; (3) prostitute; (personal name) Daruma; (given name) Tatsumaro; (surname) Tatsuma
dharma; also 達摩; 達麼; 達而麻耶; 曇摩; 馱摩 tr. by 法. dharma is from dhara, holding, bearing, possessing, etc.; and means 'that which is to be held fast or kept, ordinance, statute, law, usage, practice'; 'anything right.' M.W. It may be variously intp. as (1) characteristic, attribute, predicate; (2) the bearer, the transcendent substratum of single elements of conscious life; (3) element, i.e. a part of conscious life; (4) nirvāṇa, i.e. the Dharma par excellence, the object of Buddhist teaching; (5) the absolute, the real; (6) the teaching or religion of Buddha; (7) thing, object, appearance. Also, Damo, or Bodhidharma, the twenty-eighth Indian and first Chinese patriarch, who arrived in China A.D. 520, the reputed founder of the Chan or Intuitional School in China. He is described as son of a king in southern India; originally called Bodhitara. He arrived at Guangdong, bringing it is said the sacred begging-bowl, and settled in Luoyang, where he engaged in silent meditation for nine years, whence he received the title of wall-gazing Brahman 壁觀婆羅門, though he was a kṣatriya. His doctrine and practice were those of the 'inner light', independent of the written word, but to 慧可 Huike, his successor, he commended the Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra as nearest to his views. There are many names with Dharma as initial: Dharmapāla, Dharmagupta, Dharmayaśas, Dharmaruci, Dharmarakṣa, Dharmatrāta, Dharmavardhana, etc.

部多

see styles
Mandarin bù duō / bu4 duo1
Taiwan pu to
Japanese buta
bhūta, 'been, become, produced, formed, being, existing,' etc. (M. W. ); intp. as the consciously existing; the four great elements, earth, fire, wind, water, as apprehended by touch; also a kind of demon produced by metamorphosis. Also, the 眞如 bhūtatathatā.

醇化

see styles
Japanese junka / じゅんか Japanese (noun/participle) (1) persuading by heavy-handed methods; (2) (in aesthetics) refinement; purification; elimination of non-essential elements

雜處

see styles
Mandarin zá chǔ / za2 chu3
Taiwan tsa ch`u / tsa chu
Chinese (of disparate elements) to mix in with one another; (of diverse groups of people) to live in the same area; to coexist

非色

see styles
Mandarin fēi sè / fei1 se4
Taiwan fei se
arūpa, formless, i.e. without rūpa, form, or shape, not composed of the four elements. Also the four skandhas, 非色四薀 excluding rūpa or form.

風大

see styles
Mandarin fēng dà / feng1 da4
Taiwan feng ta
Wind or air as one of the four elements.

風葬

see styles
Japanese fuusou / fuso / ふうそう Japanese (noun/participle) burial (disposal of a body) by exposure to the elements; aerial sepulture (burial)

風雲

see styles
Mandarin fēng yún / feng1 yun2
Taiwan feng yün
Japanese fuuun / fuun / ふううん    kazagumo;kazekumo / かざぐも;かぜくも
Chinese weather; unstable situation
Japanese (1) winds and clouds; nature; the elements; (2) situation; state of affairs; (1) clouds appearing before the wind starts to blow; (2) (esp. かぜくも) (See 風雲・ふううん・1) winds and clouds; (given name) Houun

三時教


三时教

see styles
Mandarin sān shí jiào / san1 shi2 jiao4
Taiwan san shih chiao
Japanese sanji kyō
(三時教判) The three periods and characteristics of Buddha's teaching, as defined by the Dharmalakṣana school 法相宗. They are: (1) 有, when he taught the 實有 reality of the skandhas and elements, but denied the common belief in 實我 real personality or a permanent soul; this period is represented by the four 阿含經 āgamas and other Hīnayāna sūtras. (2) 空 Śūnya, when he negatived the idea of 實法 the reality of things and advocated that all was 空 unreal; the period of the 般若經 prajñā sūtras. (3) 中 Madhyama, the mean, that mind or spirit is real, while things are unreal; the period of this school's specific sūtra the 解深密經, also the 法華 and later sūtras. In the two earlier periods he is said to have 方便 adapted his teaching to the development of his hearers; in the third to have delivered his complete and perfect doctrine. Another division by the 空宗 is (1) as above; (2) the early period of the Mahāyāna represented, by the 深密經; (3) the higher Mahāyāna as in the 般若經. v. also 三敎.

二經體


二经体

see styles
Mandarin èr jīng tǐ / er4 jing1 ti3
Taiwan erh ching t`i / erh ching ti
Japanese ni kyōtai
The two bodies or elements in a sūtra: 文 and 義 the words and the meaning, or ideas; two essences of a scripture

五唯種


五唯种

see styles
Mandarin wǔ wéi zhǒng / wu3 wei2 zhong3
Taiwan wu wei chung
Japanese goyui shu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

五唯量

see styles
Mandarin wǔ wéi liáng / wu3 wei2 liang2
Taiwan wu wei liang
Japanese go yuiryō
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

五大形

see styles
Mandarin wǔ dà xíng / wu3 da4 xing2
Taiwan wu ta hsing
Japanese godai gyō
The symbols of the five elements— earth as square, water round, fire triangular, wind half-moon, and space a combination of the other four; shapes of the five great elements

五大觀


五大观

see styles
Mandarin wǔ dà guān / wu3 da4 guan1
Taiwan wu ta kuan
Japanese godai kan
The meditation on the five elements 五大.

五微塵


五微尘

see styles
Mandarin wǔ wēi chén / wu3 wei1 chen2
Taiwan wu wei ch`en / wu wei chen
Japanese gomijin
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

五智輪


五智轮

see styles
Mandarin wǔ zhì lún / wu3 zhi4 lun2
Taiwan wu chih lun
Japanese gochirin
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

五祕密


五秘密

see styles
Mandarin wǔ mì mì / wu3 mi4 mi4
Taiwan wu mi mi
Japanese go himitsu
(五祕) The five esoteric or occult ones, i. e. the five bodhisattvas of the diamond realm, known as Vajrasattva in the middle; 欲 desire on the east; 觸 contact, south; 愛 love, west; and 慢 pride, north. Vajrasattva represents the six fundamental elements of sentient existence and here indicates the birth of bodhisattva sentience; desire is that of bodhi and the salvation of all: contact with the needy world for its salvation follows; love of all the living comes next; pride or the power of nirvana succeeds; five esoteric ones

五輪觀


五轮观

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Mandarin wǔ lún guān / wu3 lun2 guan1
Taiwan wu lun kuan
Japanese gorin kan
五輪三摩地 A meditation of the esoteric school on the five elements, earth, water, fire, air, and space, with their germ-words, their forms (i. e. square, round, triangular, half-moon, and spherical), and their colors (i. e. yellow, white, red, black, and blue). The five wheels also represent the Five Dhyāni-Buddhas, v. 五智. The object is that 五輪成身 the individual may be united with the five Buddhas, or Vairocana; meditation on the five elements

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This page contains 100 results for "elements" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary