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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ lv4
Taiwan
Japanese ritsu / りつ
Chinese law; surname Lü
Japanese (1) law (esp. ancient East Asian criminal code); regulation; (2) {Buddh} vinaya (rules for the monastic community); (3) (abbreviation) (See 律宗) Ritsu (school of Buddhism); (4) (abbreviation) (See 律詩) lushi (style of Chinese poem); (5) (also りち) (musical) pitch; (6) (See 十二律,呂・2) six odd-numbered notes of the ancient chromatic scale; (7) (abbreviation) (See 律旋) Japanese seven-tone gagaku scale, similar to Dorian mode (corresponding to: re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do); (n,n-suf,ctr) (8) (in traditional Eastern music) step (corresponding to a Western semitone); (personal name) Ritsuji; (female given name) Ritsu; (female given name) Rizumu; (given name) Hiroshi; (given name) Nori; (given name) Tadasu; (given name) Tadashi; (male given name) Takashi; (personal name) Osamu
vinaya, from vi-ni, to 1ead, train: discipline: v. 毘奈耶; other names are Prātimokṣa, śīla, and upalakṣa. The discipline, or monastic rules; one of the three divisions of the Canon, or Tripiṭaka, and said to have been compiled by Upāli.

三宝

see styles
Japanese sanbou;sanpou / sanbo;sanpo / さんぼう;さんぽう Japanese {Buddh} The Three Jewels; The Triple Gem; Triratna; The Three Treasures; Buddha, Dharma, Sangha; Buddha, the teachings of Buddha, and the community of monks and nuns; (surname) Sanpou; (surname) Sanbou

僧伽

see styles
Mandarin sēng qié / seng1 qie2
Taiwan seng ch`ieh / seng chieh
Japanese sougya / sogya / そうぎゃ
Chinese (Buddhism) sangha; the monastic community; monk
Japanese sangha (the Buddhist community) (san: samgha)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

社區

see styles
Mandarin shè qū / she4 qu1
Taiwan she ch`ü / she chü
Chinese community

釋迦牟尼


释迦牟尼

see styles
Mandarin shì jiā móu ní / shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2
Taiwan shih chia mou ni
Japanese Shakamuni
Chinese Siddhartha Gautama (563-485 BC), the historical Buddha and founder of Buddhism; Sakyamuni Buddha (Sanskrit: sage of the Sakya)
釋迦文 (釋迦文尼); 釋伽文 Śākyamuni, the saint of the Śākya tribe. muni is saint, holy man, sage, ascetic monk; it is: intp. as 仁 benevolent, charitable, kind, also as 寂默 one who dwells in seclusion. After '500 or 550' previous incarnations, Śākyamuni finally attained to the state of Bodhisattva, was born in the Tuṣita heaven, and descended as a white elephant, through her right side, into the womb of the immaculate Māyā, the purest woman on earth; this was on the 8th day of the 4th month; next year on the 8th day of the 2nd month he was born from her right side painlessly as she stood under a tree in the Lumbinī garden. For the subsequent miraculous events v. Eitel. also the 神通遊戲經 (Lalitavistara), the 釋迦如來成道記, etc. Simpler statements say that he was born the son of Śuddhodana, of the kṣatriya caste, ruler of Kapilavastu, and Māyā his wife; that Māyā died seven days later, leaving him to be brought up by her sister Prājapati; that in due course he was married to Yaśodharā who bore him a son, Rāhula; that in search of truth he left home, became an ascetic, severely disciplined himself, and finally at 35 years of age, under a tree, realized that the way of release from the chain of rebirth and death lay not in asceticism but in moral purity; this he explained first in his four dogmas, v. 四諦 and eightfold noble way 八正道, later amplified and developed in many sermons. He founded his community on the basis of poverty, chastity, and insight or meditation, ad it became known as Buddhism, as he became known as Buddha, the enlightened. His death was probably in or near 487 B.C., a few years before that of Confucius in 479. The sacerdotal name of his family is Gautama, said to be the original name of the whole clan, Śākya being that of his branch, v. 瞿, 喬.; his personal name was Siddhārtha, or Sarvārthasiddha, v. 悉.

see styles
Mandarin hán / han2
Taiwan han
Japanese hako / はこ
Chinese envelope; case; letter
Japanese (1) box; case; chest; package; pack; crate; (2) car (of a train, etc.); (3) shamisen case; shamisen; (4) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (5) (archaism) man who carries a geisha's shamisen; (6) (archaism) receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces); (suf,ctr) (7) counter for boxes (or boxed objects)

see styles
Mandarin hán / han2
Taiwan han
Japanese kan / はこ
Japanese (1) box; case; chest; package; pack; crate; (2) car (of a train, etc.); (3) shamisen case; shamisen; (4) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (5) (archaism) man who carries a geisha's shamisen; (6) (archaism) receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces); (suf,ctr) (7) counter for boxes (or boxed objects)
A box, receptacle; to enfold: a letter.

see styles
Mandarin xiá / xia2
Taiwan hsia
Japanese hako / はこ    kushige / くしげ
Chinese box
Japanese (1) box; case; chest; package; pack; crate; (2) car (of a train, etc.); (3) shamisen case; shamisen; (4) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (5) (archaism) man who carries a geisha's shamisen; (6) (archaism) receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces); (suf,ctr) (7) counter for boxes (or boxed objects); (archaism) toiletries case

see styles
Mandarin kuāng / kuang1
Taiwan k`uang / kuang
Japanese shou / sho / しょう    kobako / こばこ    kyou / kyo / きょう
Chinese basket; CL:隻|只[zhi1]
Japanese (1) box; case; chest; package; pack; crate; (2) car (of a train, etc.); (3) shamisen case; shamisen; (4) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (5) (archaism) man who carries a geisha's shamisen; (6) (archaism) receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces); (suf,ctr) (7) counter for boxes (or boxed objects); (archaism) fine-meshed bamboo basket; (personal name) Shou; (given name) Kobako; (personal name) Kyou

see styles
Mandarin/ ju3
Taiwan chü
Japanese hakozaki / はこざき
Chinese round bamboo basket
Japanese (1) box; case; chest; package; pack; crate; (2) car (of a train, etc.); (3) shamisen case; shamisen; (4) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (5) (archaism) man who carries a geisha's shamisen; (6) (archaism) receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces); (suf,ctr) (7) counter for boxes (or boxed objects); (surname) Hakozaki

see styles
Mandarin xiāng / xiang1
Taiwan hsiang
Japanese hakozaki / はこざき    hakosaki / はこさき    hako / はこ
Chinese box; trunk; chest
Japanese (1) box; case; chest; package; pack; crate; (2) car (of a train, etc.); (3) shamisen case; shamisen; (4) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (5) (archaism) man who carries a geisha's shamisen; (6) (archaism) receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces); (suf,ctr) (7) counter for boxes (or boxed objects); (surname) Hako

ハコ

see styles
Japanese hako / ハコ Japanese (1) box; case; chest; package; pack; crate; (2) car (of a train, etc.); (3) shamisen case; shamisen; (4) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (5) (archaism) man who carries a geisha's shamisen; (6) (archaism) receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces); (suf,ctr) (7) counter for boxes (or boxed objects); (female given name) Hako

三尊

see styles
Mandarin sān zūn / san1 zun1
Taiwan san tsun
Japanese sanzon;sanson / さんぞん;さんそん
Japanese (1) (さんぞん only) {Buddh} Buddha triad; image of a Buddha attended by two Bodhisattvas; (2) (さんぞん only) {Buddh} (See 三宝) The Three Jewels; Buddha, the teachings of Buddha, and the community of monks and nuns; (3) (さんぞん only) (See 三尊天井) head and shoulders (stock price, etc. chart pattern); (4) the three people one must esteem: master, father, teacher
The three honoured ones: Buddha, the Law, the Ecclesia or Order. Others are: Amitābha, Avalokiteśvara, and Mahāsthāmaprāpta, who, according to the Pure-land sect, come to welcome the dying invoker. Another group is Bhaiṣajya, Vairocana, and Candraprabha; and another, Śākyamunī, Mañjuśrī, and Samantabhadra; three honored ones

主柱

see styles
Japanese shuchuu / shuchu / しゅちゅう Japanese (1) (See 大黒柱・1) central pillar; (2) (See 大黒柱・2) principal post; backbone of a society or community

五逆

see styles
Mandarin wǔ nì / wu3 ni4
Taiwan wu ni
Japanese gogyaku
pañcānantarya; 五無間業 The five rebellious acts or deadly sins, parricide, matricide, killing an arhat, shedding the blood of a Buddha, destroying the harmony of the sangha, or fraternity. The above definition is common both to Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna. The lightest of these sins is the first; the heaviest the last. II. Another group is: (1) sacrilege, such as destroying temples, burning sutras, stealing a Buddha's or a monk's things, inducing others to do so, or taking pleasure therein; (2) slander, or abuse of the teaching of śrāvaka s, pratyekabuddhas, or bodhisattvas; (3) ill-treatment or killing of a monk; (4) any one of the five deadly sins given above; (5) denial of the karma consequences of ill deeds, acting or teaching others accordingly, and unceasing evil life. III. There are also five deadly sins, each of which is equal to each of the first set of five: (1) violation of a mother, or a fully ordained nun; (2) killing a bodhisattva in a sangha; (5) destroying a Buddha's stūpa. IV. The five unpardonable sin of Devadatta who (1) destroyed the harmony of the community; (2) injured Śākyamuni with a stone, shedding his blood; (3) induced the king to let loose a rutting elephant to trample down Śākyamuni; (4) killed a nun; (5) put poison on his finger-nails and saluted Śākyamuni intending to destroy him thereby; five heinous crimes

僧門


僧门

see styles
Mandarin sēng mén / seng1 men2
Taiwan seng men
Japanese soumon / somon / そうもん
Japanese priesthood; Buddhism
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

公共

see styles
Mandarin gōng gòng / gong1 gong4
Taiwan kung kung
Japanese koukyou / kokyo / こうきょう
Chinese public; common; communal
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) public; community; public service; society; communal; (given name) Kintomo

共報


共报

see styles
Mandarin gòng bào / gong4 bao4
Taiwan kung pao
Japanese gūhō
Collective retribution; reward or punishment of the community, or in common, for the 共業 deeds of the community, or even of the individual in their effects on the community; shared retribution

共聴

see styles
Japanese kyouchou / kyocho / きょうちょう Japanese (can act as adjective) (abbreviation) (See 共同視聴) community; shared

共通

see styles
Mandarin gòng tōng / gong4 tong1
Taiwan kung t`ung / kung tung
Japanese kyoutsuu / kyotsu / きょうつう
Chinese in common; universal
Japanese (adj-na,n,adj-no) (1) commonness; community; (noun or participle which takes the aux. verb suru) (2) to be common; to be shared; (suffix noun) (3) -wide; (surname) Kiyoutsuu

別請


别请

see styles
Mandarin bié qǐng / bie2 qing3
Taiwan pieh ch`ing / pieh ching
Japanese besshō
Special deference paid by singling out or inviting one member of the community; which procedure is against monastic rules; special invitation

化緣


化缘

see styles
Mandarin huà yuán / hua4 yuan2
Taiwan hua yüan
Japanese keen
Chinese (of a monk) to beg
The cause of a Buddha's or bodhisattva's coming to the world, i. e. the transformation of the living; also, a contribution to the needs of the community; transformation of the environment

和僧

see styles
Mandarin hé sēng / he2 seng1
Taiwan ho seng
Japanese wasō / わそう
Japanese (archaism) (vocative) monk (familiar or derogatory)
(和合僧); 和衆 (和合衆) A saṃgha 僧伽, a monastery; monk's community

商界

see styles
Mandarin shāng jiè / shang1 jie4
Taiwan shang chieh
Chinese business world; business community

四衆


四众

see styles
Mandarin sì zhòng / si4 zhong4
Taiwan ssu chung
Japanese shishu;shishuu / shishu;shishu / ししゅ;ししゅう
Japanese (1) four orders of Buddhist followers (monks, nuns, male lay devotees and female lay devotees); (2) four monastic communities (ordained monks, ordained nuns, male novices and female novices); (3) (in Tendai) the four assemblies
The four varga (groups, or orders), i. e. bhikṣu, bhikṣuṇī, upāsaka and upāsikā, monks, nuns, male and female devotees. Another group, according to Tiantai's commentary on the Lotus, is 發起衆 the assembly which, through Śāriputra, stirred the Buddha to begin his Lotus Sutra sermons; 當機衆 the pivotal assembly, those who were responsive to him; 影向衆 the reflection assembly, those like Mañjuśrī, etc., who reflected on, or drew out the Buddha's teaching; and 結緣衆 those who only profited in having seen and heard a Buddha, and therefore whose enlightenment is delayed to a future life; four types of monastic community

圈內


圈内

see styles
Mandarin quān nèi / quan1 nei4
Taiwan ch`üan nei / chüan nei
Chinese close circle; community; (esp.) the show business milieu

大同

see styles
Mandarin dà tóng / da4 tong2
Taiwan ta t`ung / ta tung
Japanese daidou / daido / だいどう
Chinese Datong or Great community in neo-Confucian philosophy, sim. New Jerusalem; Datong or Tatung district of Taipei City 臺北市|台北市[Tai2 bei3 shi4], Taiwan; Datong prefecture level city in Shanxi 山西; Datong or Tatung township in Yilan county 宜蘭縣|宜兰县[Yi2 lan2 xian4], Taiwan
Japanese (expression) (1) largely the same; (2) Daidou era (806.5.18-810.9.19); (place-name, surname) Daidou; (surname) Oodou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

插隊


插队

see styles
Mandarin chā duì / cha1 dui4
Taiwan ch`a tui / cha tui
Chinese to cut in line; to jump a queue; to live on a rural community (during the Cultural Revolution)

敗類


败类

see styles
Mandarin bài lèi / bai4 lei4
Taiwan pai lei
Chinese scum of a community; degenerate

教團


教团

see styles
Mandarin jiào tuán / jiao4 tuan2
Taiwan chiao t`uan / chiao tuan
Japanese kyōdan
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

族群

see styles
Mandarin zú qún / zu2 qun2
Taiwan tsu ch`ün / tsu chün
Chinese ethnic group; community

時衆


时众

see styles
Mandarin shí zhòng / shi2 zhong4
Taiwan shih chung
Japanese jishu;jishuu / jishu;jishu / じしゅ;じしゅう
Japanese (1) {Buddh} assembly of monks and laity (at a rite, sermon, etc.); (2) {Buddh} (See 時宗) (monks and laity of) the Jishu sect
The present company, i.e. of monks and laity; the community in general; occasional assemblies

普請


普请

see styles
Mandarin pǔ qǐng / pu3 qing3
Taiwan p`u ch`ing / pu ching
Japanese fushin / ふしん
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) building; construction; (2) group effort by Buddhist practitioners; group activities by a community (e.g. cleaning, etc.)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

書壇

see styles
Mandarin shū tán / shu1 tan2
Taiwan shu t`an / shu tan
Chinese the calligraphic community

會式


会式

see styles
Mandarin huì shì / hui4 shi4
Taiwan hui shih
Japanese eshiki
The manners customs, or rules of an assembly, or community.

會衆


会众

see styles
Mandarin huì zhòng / hui4 zhong4
Taiwan hui chung
Japanese eshu
To assemble the community, or company; to meet all; to assemble a group

母邑

see styles
Mandarin mǔ yì / mu3 yi4
Taiwan mu i
Japanese moyū
摩咀理伽羅摩 matṛgrāma, the community of mothers, womankind; (Skt. matṛgrāma)

混跡

see styles
Mandarin hùn jì / hun4 ji4
Taiwan hun chi
Chinese mixed in as part of a community; hiding one's identity; occupying a position while not deserving it

演替

see styles
Mandarin yǎn tì / yan3 ti4
Taiwan yen t`i / yen ti
Chinese succession (of changes in an ecological community); naturally evolving sequence

眷村

see styles
Mandarin juàn cūn / juan4 cun1
Taiwan chüan ts`un / chüan tsun
Chinese military dependents' village (community established in Taiwan for Nationalist soldiers and their dependents after the KMT retreated from the mainland in 1949)

破僧

see styles
Mandarin pò sēng / po4 seng1
Taiwan p`o seng / po seng
Japanese hasō
To disrupt a monk's meditation or preaching, also to disrupt the harmony of the community of monks 破和合僧; destroy the harmony of the saṃgha

社会

see styles
Japanese shakai / しゃかい Japanese (1) society; public; community; the world; (2) (abbreviation) (See 社会科・しゃかいか) social studies

社群

see styles
Mandarin shè qún / she4 qun2
Taiwan she ch`ün / she chün
Chinese community; social grouping

種群

see styles
Mandarin zhǒng qún / zhong3 qun2
Taiwan chung ch`ün / chung chün
Chinese population (of a species); community (of animals or plants)

箱物

see styles
Japanese hakomono;hakomono / はこもの;ハコモノ Japanese (1) (colloquialism) public building; community building; (2) (はこもの only) (See 脚物) box-shaped item of furniture (e.g. chest of drawers, bookcase); (3) (はこもの only) boxed gift

結社


结社

see styles
Mandarin jié shè / jie2 she4
Taiwan chieh she
Japanese kessha / けっしゃ
Japanese association; society
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

群落

see styles
Mandarin qún luò / qun2 luo4
Taiwan ch`ün lo / chün lo
Japanese gunraku / ぐんらく
Chinese community; (science) biocoenosis; ecological community
Japanese many communities (villages); cluster of plants

群集

see styles
Mandarin qún jí / qun2 ji2
Taiwan ch`ün chi / chün chi
Japanese gunshuu / gunshu / ぐんしゅう
Chinese to gather; to congregate; to aggregate
Japanese (noun/participle) (See 群衆) group (of living things); crowd; community

群體

see styles
Mandarin qún tǐ / qun2 ti3
Taiwan ch`ün t`i / chün ti
Chinese community; colony

聖種


圣种

see styles
Mandarin shèng zhǒng / sheng4 zhong3
Taiwan sheng chung
Japanese shōshu
(1) The holy seed, i.e. the community of monks; (2) that which produces the discipline of the saints, or monastic community.

聚落

see styles
Mandarin jù luò / ju4 luo4
Taiwan chü lo
Japanese juraku / じゅらく
Chinese settlement; dwelling place; town; village
Japanese village; community; settlement; town; colony (animals, etc.)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

警民

see styles
Mandarin jǐng mín / jing3 min2
Taiwan ching min
Chinese the police and the community

農村

see styles
Mandarin nóng cūn / nong2 cun1
Taiwan nung ts`un / nung tsun
Japanese nouson / noson / のうそん
Chinese rural area; village; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (1) agricultural community; farm village; (can be adjective with の) (2) rural; (surname) Noumura

遁世

see styles
Mandarin dùn shì / dun4 shi4
Taiwan tun shih
Japanese tonzei / とんせい
Japanese (noun/participle) seclusion from the world
To retire from the world and become a monk: also to withdraw from the community and become a hermit; to withdraw from the world

集居

see styles
Mandarin jí jū / ji2 ju1
Taiwan chi chü
Chinese community; living together

集落

see styles
Japanese shuuraku / shuraku / しゅうらく Japanese village; community; settlement; town; colony (animals, etc.)

雑居

see styles
Japanese zakkyo / ざっきょ Japanese (noun/participle) (1) living together; mixed residence; sharing living quarters; (can act as adjective) (2) multi-tenant; community

體團

see styles
Mandarin tǐ tuán / ti3 tuan2
Taiwan t`i t`uan / ti tuan
Chinese community

CB

see styles
Japanese shiibii / shibi / シービー Japanese (1) Citizens' Band; CB (radio); (2) (See 転換社債) convertible bond; (3) (See 慢性気管支炎) chronic bronchitis; (4) chemical and biological (weapons); (5) (See センターバック) center back; (6) community business

EC

see styles
Japanese iishii / ishi / イーシー Japanese (1) European Community; EC; (2) (See エレクトロニックコマース) e-commerce; electronic commerce; (3) (See 緊急避妊) emergency contraception; (4) engineering constructor

コミュ

see styles
Japanese komyu / コミュ Japanese (abbreviation) {comp} (See コミュニティー) community

仏法僧

see styles
Japanese buppousou / bupposo / ぶっぽうそう Japanese (1) {Buddh} (See 三宝・さんぼう) Buddha, Dharma, Sangha; The Three Jewels; Buddha, the teachings of Buddha, and the community of monks and nuns; (2) (kana only) dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis); (3) (kana only) roller (any bird of family Coraciidae); (4) (See 声の仏法僧) Eurasian scops owl (Otus scops)

佛教界

see styles
Mandarin fó jiào jiè / fo2 jiao4 jie4
Taiwan fo chiao chieh
Japanese bukkyō kai
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

僧隨念


僧随念

see styles
Mandarin sēng suí niàn / seng1 sui2 nian4
Taiwan seng sui nien
Japanese sō zuinen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

公民館

see styles
Japanese kouminkan / kominkan / こうみんかん Japanese public hall; community center; community centre; (place-name) Kouminkan

公益金

see styles
Mandarin gōng yì jīn / gong1 yi4 jin1
Taiwan kung i chin
Chinese public welfare funds; community chest

六和敬

see styles
Mandarin liù hé jìng / liu4 he2 jing4
Taiwan liu ho ching
Japanese roku wakyō
(六和) The six points of reverent harmony or unity in a monastery or convent: 身 bodily unity in form of worship, 口 oral unity in chanting, 意 mental unity in faith, 戒 moral unity in observing the commandments, 見 doctrinal unity in views and explanations, and 利, 行, 學, or 施 economic unity in community of goods, deeds, studies, or charity; six ways that Buddhist practitioners should live in harmony and be sensitive and caring towards each other

共同体

see styles
Japanese kyoudoutai / kyodotai / きょうどうたい Japanese cooperative body; cooperative system; collective; community

共同體


共同体

see styles
Mandarin gòng tóng tǐ / gong4 tong2 ti3
Taiwan kung t`ung t`i / kung tung ti
Chinese community
Japanese See: 共同体

共通性

see styles
Mandarin gòng tōng xìng / gong4 tong1 xing4
Taiwan kung t`ung hsing / kung tung hsing
Japanese kyoutsuusei / kyotsuse / きょうつうせい
Chinese commonality; universality
Japanese communality; community; having something in common

医学界

see styles
Japanese igakukai / いがくかい Japanese medical world; medical circles; medical community

協同体

see styles
Japanese kyoudoutai / kyodotai / きょうどうたい Japanese cooperative body; cooperative system; collective; community

博士山

see styles
Mandarin bó shì shān / bo2 shi4 shan1
Taiwan po shih shan
Japanese hakaseyama / はかせやま
Chinese Box Hill, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia with a large Chinese community
Japanese (personal name) Hakaseyama

吳仁寶


吴仁宝

see styles
Mandarin wú rén bǎo / wu2 ren2 bao3
Taiwan wu jen pao
Chinese Wu Renbao (1928-2013), former CPC chief of Huaxi Village 華西村|华西村[Hua2 xi1 Cun1], responsible for turning it into a modern rich community

和僧海

see styles
Mandarin hé sēng hǎi / he2 seng1 hai3
Taiwan ho seng hai
Japanese wasōkai
A monastery where all are of one mind as the sea is of one taste; monk's community sea

大生主

see styles
Mandarin dà shēng zhǔ / da4 sheng1 zhu3
Taiwan ta sheng chu
Japanese Daishōshu
Mahāprajāpatī 摩訶波闍婆提, great "lady of the living", the older translation being 大愛道 the great way (or exemplar) of love; also 衆主 head of the community (of nuns), i.e. Gautami the aunt and nurse of Śākyamuni, the first nun. She is to be reborn as a Buddha named Sarvasattvapriyadarśanā.

大衆部


大众部

see styles
Mandarin dà zhòng bù / da4 zhong4 bu4
Taiwan ta chung pu
Japanese daishubu / だいしゅぶ
Japanese (See 上座部) Mahasamghika (early Buddhist movement)
摩調僧祇部 Mahāsāṅghikāḥ, the school of the community, or majority; one of the chief early divisions, cf. 上坐部 Mahāsthavirāḥ or Sthavirāḥ, i.e. the elders. There are two usages of the term, first, when the sthavira, or older disciples assembled in the cave after the Buddha's death, and the others, the 大衆, assembled outside. As sects, the principal division was that which took place later. The Chinese attribute this division to the influence of 大天 Mahādeva, a century after the Nirvāṇa, and its subsequent five subdivisions are also associated with his name: they are Pūrvasailāḥ, Avaraśailāḥ, Haimavatāḥ, Lokottara-vādinaḥ, and Prajñapti-vādinaḥ; v. 小乘; Mahāsāṃghika

新市鎮


新市镇

see styles
Mandarin xīn shì zhèn / xin1 shi4 zhen4
Taiwan hsin shih chen
Chinese new town; planned community

村作り

see styles
Japanese murazukuri / むらづくり Japanese rural community development; rural community activation

桑渴耶

see styles
Mandarin sāng kě yé / sang1 ke3 ye2
Taiwan sang k`o yeh / sang ko yeh
Japanese sōkatsuya
v. 僧 saṅgha; community of monks and nuns

歐共體

see styles
Mandarin ōu gòng tǐ / ou1 gong4 ti3
Taiwan ou kung t`i / ou kung ti
Chinese abbr. for 歐洲共同體|欧洲共同体, European Community (old term for the EU, European Union)

比丘僧

see styles
Mandarin bǐ qiū sēng / bi3 qiu1 seng1
Taiwan pi ch`iu seng / pi chiu seng
Japanese biku sō
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

生物群

see styles
Mandarin shēng wù qún / sheng1 wu4 qun2
Taiwan sheng wu ch`ün / sheng wu chün
Chinese biota; ecological community; fossil assemblage

町作り

see styles
Japanese machizukuri / まちづくり Japanese (kana only) town planning; urban development; community development; creating a community

相撲界

see styles
Japanese sumoukai / sumokai / すもうかい Japanese sumo world; sumo wrestling community

細菌群

see styles
Mandarin xì jun qún / xi4 jun1 qun2
Taiwan hsi chün ch`ün / hsi chün chün
Chinese bacterial community (e.g. in the gut)

経済界

see styles
Japanese keizaikai / kezaikai / けいざいかい Japanese economic world; financial circles; business community

自治州

see styles
Mandarin zì zhì zhōu / zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Taiwan tzu chih chou
Japanese jichishuu / jichishu / じちしゅう
Chinese autonomous prefecture
Japanese autonomous prefecture; autonomous oblast; autonomous community; autonomous province

苾芻衆


苾刍众

see styles
Mandarin bì chú zhòng / bi4 chu2 zhong4
Taiwan pi ch`u chung / pi chu chung
Japanese hisshu shu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

街作り

see styles
Japanese machizukuri / まちづくり Japanese (kana only) town planning; urban development; community development; creating a community

里作り

see styles
Japanese satozukuri / さとづくり Japanese rural community development; rural community activation

金融界

see styles
Mandarin jīn róng jiè / jin1 rong2 jie4
Taiwan chin jung chieh
Japanese kinyuukai / kinyukai / きんゆうかい
Chinese banking circles; the world of finance
Japanese financial circles; the financial community

集会室

see styles
Japanese shuukaishitsu / shukaishitsu / しゅうかいしつ Japanese assembly room; assembly hall; meeting room; community room

コミカレ

see styles
Japanese komikare / コミカレ Japanese (colloquialism) (abbreviation) (See コミュニティーカレッジ) community college

ハコモノ

see styles
Japanese hakomono / ハコモノ Japanese (colloquialism) public building; community building

ムラ作り

see styles
Japanese murazukuri / ムラづくり Japanese rural community development; rural community activation

ヤジディ

see styles
Japanese yajidi / ヤジディ Japanese Yazidi (kur:); Kurdish ethno-religious community living mostly in Iraq

ヤズディ

see styles
Japanese yazudi / ヤズディ Japanese Yazidi (kur:); Kurdish ethno-religious community living mostly in Iraq; (personal name) Yazdi

共同募金

see styles
Japanese kyoudoubokin / kyodobokin / きょうどうぼきん Japanese community chest

共同生活

see styles
Japanese kyoudouseikatsu / kyodosekatsu / きょうどうせいかつ Japanese community life; cohabitation

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This page contains 100 results for "community" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

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Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

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