Free Chinese & Japanese Online Dictionary

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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin de / de
Taiwan te
Japanese chi / ち    ji / じ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese earth; ground; field; place; land; CL:片[pian4]; -ly; structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) earth; ground; land; soil; (2) place; (3) territory; (4) (See 天地無用) bottom (of a package, book, etc.); (5) (See 五大・1,土・ど・2) earth (one of the five elements); (1) (abbreviation) ground; land; earth; soil; (2) the region in question; the local area; (3) skin; (4) texture; fabric; material; weave; (5) base; background; (6) one's true nature; (7) narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story); (8) real life; actuality; (9) (in the game of go) captured territory; (10) (See 地謡) noh chorus; (11) (in Japanese dance) accompaniment music; (12) (in Japanese music) basic phrase (usu. repetitive); (13) base part (of multiple shamisens); (surname) Hamadzi; (surname) Chitoku; (surname) Chizaki; (surname) Chi; (surname) Shouchi; (surname) Koochi
pṛthivī, 鉢里體尾 the earth, ground; bhūmi, 歩弭 the earth, place, situation; talima, 託史麽 (or 託吏麽) ground, site; explained by 土地 earth, ground; 能生 capable of producing; 所依 that on which things rely. It is also the spiritual rank, position, or character attained by a Bodhisattva as a result of 住 remaining and developing in a given state in order to attain this 地 rank; v. 十住; 住位 and 十地.


see styles
Mandarin shū / shu1
Taiwan shu
Japanese sho / しょ
Chinese book; letter; document; CL:本[ben3],冊|册[ce4],部[bu4]; to write; abbr. for 書經|书经[Shu1 jing1]
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) document; book; (2) penmanship; handwriting; calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
likh; to write; pustaka, a writing, book; lekha, a letter, document.

see styles
Mandarin běn / ben3
Taiwan pen
Japanese hon / ほん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese root; stem; origin; source; this; the current; original; inherent; originally; classifier for books, periodicals, files etc
Japanese (1) (See ご本・ごほん) book; volume; script; (prefix) (2) this; present; (3) main; head; (4) real; regular; (suf,ctr) (5) (sometimes pronounced ぼん or ぽん) counter for long cylindrical things; counter for films, TV shows, etc.; counter for goals, home runs, etc.; counter for telephone calls; (surname) Yanakamoto; (surname) Motoyanagi; (personal name) Motomura; (surname) Motohama; (place-name) Motoichi; (place-name, surname) Moto; (personal name) Makoto; (surname) Pon; (surname) Hon'yanagi; (personal name) Honshou; (personal name) Honshio; (surname) Honzaki; (surname) Hon; (surname, given name) Hajime
Radical, fundamental, original, principal, one's own; the Buddha himself, contrasted with 蹟 chi, traces left by him among men to educate them; also a volume of a book; root

パチ

see styles
Japanese pachi / パチ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (n,adv-to) (1) (onomatopoeic or mimetic word) snapping (e.g. book shut); clapping; crackling; sputtering; (2) (abbreviation) (slang) (See パチンコ・1) pachinko

八卦

see styles
Mandarin bā guà / ba1 gua4
Taiwan pa kua
Japanese hakke / はっけ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese the eight divinatory trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1]; gossip; gossipy
Japanese eight trigrams; divination signs; (place-name) Hatsuke; (place-name) Hakke
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

易經


易经

see styles
Mandarin yì jīng / yi4 jing1
Taiwan i ching
Chinese The Book of Changes ("I Ching")

老子

see styles
Mandarin lǎo zi / lao3 zi
Taiwan lao tzu
Japanese roushi / roshi / ろうし
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese father; daddy; "I, your father" (in anger, or out of contempt); I (used arrogantly or jocularly); Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism; the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi
Japanese Laozi; Lao Tzu; Lao Tse; (personal name) Roushi; (surname) Oigo; (surname) Oiko
Laozi, or Laocius, the accepted founder of the Daoists. The theory that his soul went to India and was reborn as the Buddha is found in the 齊書 History of the Qi dynasty 顧歡傳.

詩篇

see styles
Mandarin shī piān / shi1 pian1
Taiwan shih p`ien / shih pien
Japanese shihen / しへん
Chinese a poem; a composition in verse; fig. epic (compared with historical epic); the biblical Book of Psalms
Japanese (1) book containing a collection of poems; (2) Psalms (book of the Bible)

詩編

see styles
Japanese shihen / しへん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (1) book containing a collection of poems; (2) Psalms (book of the Bible)

超人

see styles
Mandarin chāo rén / chao1 ren2
Taiwan ch`ao jen / chao jen
Japanese choujin / chojin / ちょうじん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese superhuman; exceptional; Superman, comic book superhero
Japanese (1) superman; superwoman; (2) Ubermensch (e.g. Nietzsche's ideal man of the future); overman

創世記


创世记

see styles
Mandarin chuàng shì jì / chuang4 shi4 ji4
Taiwan ch`uang shih chi / chuang shih chi
Japanese souseiki / soseki / そうせいき
Chinese Book of Genesis; First Book of Moses
Japanese Genesis (book of the Bible)

蝙蝠俠

see styles
Mandarin biān fú xiá / bian1 fu2 xia2
Taiwan pien fu hsia
Chinese Batman, comic book superhero

鋼鐵俠

see styles
Mandarin gāng tiě xiá / gang1 tie3 xia2
Taiwan kang t`ieh hsia / kang tieh hsia
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Iron Man, comic book superhero

ホセア書

see styles
Japanese hoseasho / ホセアしょ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese Hosea (book of the Bible)

何西阿書


何西阿书

see styles
Mandarin hé xī ā shū / he2 xi1 a1 shu1
Taiwan ho hsi a shu
Chinese Book of Hosea

手不釋卷


手不释卷

see styles
Mandarin shǒu bù shì juàn / shou3 bu4 shi4 juan4
Taiwan shou pu shih chüan
Chinese lit. always with a book in hand (idiom); fig. (of a student or scholar) diligent and hardworking

開卷有益

see styles
Mandarin kāi juàn yǒu yì / kai1 juan4 you3 yi4
Taiwan k`ai chüan yu i / kai chüan yu i
Chinese lit. opening a book is profitable (idiom); the benefits of education


see styles
Mandarin/ ce4
Taiwan ts`e / tse
Japanese satsu / さつ
Chinese book; booklet; classifier for books
Japanese (counter) (1) counter for books; (2) (obscure) volume; (female given name) Fumi

see styles
Mandarin zhì / zhi4
Taiwan chih
Japanese chitsu / ちつ
Chinese book cover; surname Zhi
Japanese (1) protective covering for books, often in the form of a folding case with clasps; (counter) (2) counter for book covers; (3) book cover or dust jacket
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Mandarin zhe / zhe
Taiwan che
Japanese cho / ちょ
Chinese to make known; to show; to prove; to write; book; outstanding; to wear (clothes); to contact; to use; to apply; aspect particle indicating action in progress; to touch; to come in contact with; to feel; to be affected by; to catch fire; to burn; (coll.) to fall asleep; (after a verb) hitting the mark; succeeding in; (chess) move; trick; all right!; (dialect) to add
Japanese (1) work; book; (suffix) (2) (a book) by; (noun or adjectival noun) (3) obvious; striking; (personal name) Akira
To manifest, display, publish, fix; interchanged with 着. In a Buddhist sense it is used for attachment to anything, e.g. the attachment of love, desire, greed, etc.; To cover, put on; cause; place; complete; ought, must; zhuo2] ; zhuó] ; attachment ; ; making known

偽書


伪书

see styles
Mandarin wěi shū / wei3 shu1
Taiwan wei shu
Japanese gisho / ぎしょ
Chinese forged book; book of dubious authenticity; misattributed book; Apocrypha
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) spurious letter; apocryphal book; forgery

全書


全书

see styles
Mandarin quán shū / quan2 shu1
Taiwan ch`üan shu / chüan shu
Japanese zensho / ぜんしょ
Chinese entire book; unabridged book; entire multi-volume work; comprehensive volume
Japanese complete book; complete set; treatise
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

兵書


兵书

see styles
Mandarin bīng shū / bing1 shu1
Taiwan ping shu
Japanese heisho / hesho / へいしょ
Chinese a book on the art of war
Japanese book on military science

冊子


册子

see styles
Mandarin cè zi / ce4 zi5
Taiwan ts`e tzu / tse tzu
Japanese sasshi / さっし
Chinese a book; a volume
Japanese book; booklet; story book; pamphlet; notebook; (female given name) Fumiko; (female given name) Namiko

印本

see styles
Mandarin yìn běn / yin4 ben3
Taiwan yin pen
Japanese inpon / いんぽん
Chinese printed book; copy
Japanese printed book

古書


古书

see styles
Mandarin gǔ shū / gu3 shu1
Taiwan ku shu
Japanese kosho / こしょ
Chinese ancient book; old book
Japanese (1) old book; rare book; (2) secondhand book; used book

史書


史书

see styles
Mandarin shǐ shū / shi3 shu1
Taiwan shih shu
Japanese shisho / ししょ
Chinese history book
Japanese history book

周易

see styles
Mandarin zhōu yì / zhou1 yi4
Taiwan chou i
Japanese shuueki / shueki / しゅうえき
Chinese another name for Book of Changes (I Ching) 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1]
Japanese (See 易経) divination (based on the Book of Changes); (personal name) Shuueki

孟子

see styles
Mandarin mèng zǐ / meng4 zi3
Taiwan meng tzu
Japanese moushi / moshi / もうし
Chinese Mencius (c. 372-c. 289 BC), Confucian philosopher second only to Confucius; book of the same name, one of the classics of Confucianism
Japanese (1) Mencius (372-289 BCE); Mengzi; (2) (See 四書) Mencius (one of the Four Books); (female given name) Motoko; (surname, female given name) Moushi; (place-name, surname) Mouko; (given name) Takeshi; (female given name) Takeko
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

帳簿


帐簿

see styles
Mandarin zhàng bù / zhang4 bu4
Taiwan chang pu
Japanese choubo / chobo / ちょうぼ
Chinese account book
Japanese account book; register; ledger

成書


成书

see styles
Mandarin chéng shū / cheng2 shu1
Taiwan ch`eng shu / cheng shu
Japanese seisho / sesho / せいしょ
Chinese publication; a book's first appearance
Japanese book

文庫


文库

see styles
Mandarin wén kù / wen2 ku4
Taiwan wen k`u / wen ku
Japanese bunko / ぶんこ
Chinese collection of documents; library; book series; sequence of data, esp. genome
Japanese (1) library; book collection; (2) (abbreviation) (See 文庫本・ぶんこぼん) paperback book; (surname, given name) Bunko; (surname) Fumikura

書名

see styles
Mandarin shū míng / shu1 ming2
Taiwan shu ming
Japanese shomei / shome / しょめい
Chinese name of a book; reputation as calligrapher
Japanese book title

書庫

see styles
Mandarin shū kù / shu1 ku4
Taiwan shu k`u / shu ku
Japanese shoko / しょこ
Chinese a store room for books; fig. an erudite person; the Bibliotheca and Epitome of pseudo-Apollodorus
Japanese archive (file); library; book storage

書皮

see styles
Mandarin shū pí / shu1 pi2
Taiwan shu p`i / shu pi
Japanese shohi / しょひ
Chinese book cover; book jacket
Japanese (See ブックカバー) book cover; outer wrapper for a book (put on by a bookseller before being handed to a customer)

書籍

see styles
Mandarin shū jí / shu1 ji2
Taiwan shu chi
Japanese shoseki / しょせき
Chinese books; works
Japanese book; publication

書評

see styles
Mandarin shū píng / shu1 ping2
Taiwan shu p`ing / shu ping
Japanese shohyou / shohyo / しょひょう
Chinese book review; book notice
Japanese (noun/participle) book review

正本

see styles
Mandarin zhèng běn / zheng4 ben3
Taiwan cheng pen
Japanese seihon / sehon / せいほん    shouhon / shohon / しょうほん
Chinese original (of a document); reserved copy (of a library book)
Japanese original; original text; authenticated facsimile; authenticated copy; book of registration; text of a play; (surname) Masamoto; (surname) Seimoto; (surname) Shoumoto

焚書

see styles
Mandarin fén shū / fen2 shu1
Taiwan fen shu
Japanese funsho / ふんしょ
Chinese to burn the books (one of the crimes of the first Emperor in 212 BC)
Japanese book burning

禁書

see styles
Mandarin jìn shū / jin4 shu1
Taiwan chin shu
Japanese kinsho / きんしょ
Chinese banned book
Japanese prohibited book or literature

箴言

see styles
Mandarin zhēn yán / zhen1 yan2
Taiwan chen yen
Japanese shingen / しんげん
Chinese admonition; exhortation; dictum; the biblical Book of Proverbs
Japanese (1) proverb; maxim; (2) Proverbs (book of the Bible)

著作

see styles
Mandarin zhù zuò / zhu4 zuo4
Taiwan chu tso
Japanese chosaku / ちょさく
Chinese to write; literary work; book; article; writings; CL:部[bu4]
Japanese (noun/participle) writing; book

著書

see styles
Mandarin zhù shū / zhu4 shu1
Taiwan chu shu
Japanese chosho / ちょしょ
Chinese to write a book
Japanese literary work; book

詩書

see styles
Mandarin shī shū / shi1 shu1
Taiwan shih shu
Japanese shisho / ししょ
Chinese the Book of Songs 詩經|诗经[Shi1 jing1] and the Book of History 書經|书经[Shu1 jing1]
Japanese (1) book of poetry; (2) The Classic of Poetry and The Classic of History (Chinese texts)

雅歌

see styles
Mandarin yǎ gē / ya3 ge1
Taiwan ya ko
Japanese gaka / がか
Chinese part of the Book of Songs 詩經|诗经; a song; a poem set to elegant music; a refined chant; the biblical Song of Solomon
Japanese Song of Solomon (book of the Bible); Song of Songs; Canticle of Canticles; (female given name) Miuta

題簽

see styles
Mandarin tí qiān / ti2 qian1
Taiwan t`i ch`ien / ti chien
Japanese daisen / だいせん
Chinese to write the title of a book on a label
Japanese slip of paper bearing a book's title (pasted inside the book)

類書

see styles
Mandarin lèi shū / lei4 shu1
Taiwan lei shu
Japanese ruisho / るいしょ
Chinese book by category
Japanese similar books

士師記


士师记

see styles
Mandarin shì shī jì / shi4 shi1 ji4
Taiwan shih shih chi
Japanese shishiki / ししき
Chinese Book of Judges
Japanese Judges (book of the Bible)

教科書


教科书

see styles
Mandarin jiào kē shū / jiao4 ke1 shu1
Taiwan chiao k`o shu / chiao ko shu
Japanese kyoukasho / kyokasho / きょうかしょ
Chinese textbook; CL:本[ben3]
Japanese (abbreviation) (See 教科用図書) textbook; text book

申命記

see styles
Mandarin shēn mìng jì / shen1 ming4 ji4
Taiwan shen ming chi
Japanese shinmeiki / shinmeki / しんめいき
Chinese Book of Deuteronomy; Fifth Book of Moses
Japanese Deuteronomy (book of the Bible)

袖珍本

see styles
Mandarin xiù zhēn běn / xiu4 zhen1 ben3
Taiwan hsiu chen pen
Japanese shuuchinbon / shuchinbon / しゅうちんぼん
Chinese pocket book; paperback
Japanese pocket-size book

六十四卦

see styles
Mandarin liù shí sì guà / liu4 shi2 si4 gua4
Taiwan liu shih ssu kua
Japanese rokujuushike / rokujushike / ろくじゅうしけ
Chinese the 64 hexagrams of the Book of Changes (I Ching or Yi Jing) 易經|易经
Japanese the 64 hexagrams (of the Book of Changes)

出埃及記


出埃及记

see styles
Mandarin chū āi jí jì / chu1 ai1 ji2 ji4
Taiwan ch`u ai chi chi / chu ai chi chi
Japanese shutsuejiputoki / しゅつエジプトき
Chinese Book of Exodus; Second Book of Moses
Japanese Book of Exodus (Bible)

列王記上


列王记上

see styles
Mandarin liè wáng jì shàng / lie4 wang2 ji4 shang4
Taiwan lieh wang chi shang
Japanese retsuoukijou / retsuokijo / れつおうきじょう
Chinese First book of Kings
Japanese Kings I (book of the Bible)

列王記下


列王记下

see styles
Mandarin liè wáng jì xià / lie4 wang2 ji4 xia4
Taiwan lieh wang chi hsia
Japanese retsuoukika / retsuokika / れつおうきか
Chinese Second book of Kings
Japanese Kings II (book of the Bible)

see styles
Mandarin shàng / shang4
Taiwan shang
Japanese jou / jo / じょう    kami / かみ    uwa / うわ    ue / うえ
Chinese on top; upon; above; upper; previous; first (of multiple parts); to climb; to get onto; to go up; to attend (class or university); see 上聲|上声[shang3 sheng1]
Japanese (suffix noun) (1) from the standpoint of; as a matter of (e.g. fact); in the field of; being of the type of; (2) aboard (a ship or vehicle); on top of; on; above; (3) (See 下・げ・2,上巻) first volume (e.g. book); (n,pref) (4) superior quality; best; top; high class; (5) going up; (6) governmental; imperial; (7) presenting; showing; (prefix) (8) ana- (medical, biol.); (1) (ant: 下・しも・1) upper reaches (of a river); upper stream; (2) top; upper part; upper half (of the body); (3) long ago; (4) beginning; first; (5) (honorific or respectful language) (See 御上・1) person of high rank (e.g. the emperor); (6) government; imperial court; (7) (See 上方・かみがた) imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto); capital region (i.e. Kansai); region (or direction of) the imperial palace; (8) head (of a table); (9) (honorific or respectful language) wife; mistress (of a restaurant); (n,pref) upper; upward; outer; surface; top; (n,adj-no,n-adv,n-suf) (1) above; up; over; elder (e.g. daughter); (2) top; summit; (3) surface; on; (4) before; previous; (5) superiority; one's superior (i.e. one's elder); (6) on top of that; besides; what's more; (7) upon (further inspection, etc.); based on (and occurring after); (8) matters concerning...; as concerns ...; (9) (as ...上は) since (i.e. "for that reason"); (suffix noun) (10) (honorific or respectful language) (See 父上) suffix indicating higher social standing; (11) (archaism) place of one's superior (i.e. the throne); (12) (archaism) emperor; sovereign; shogun; daimyo; (13) (archaism) noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman); (surname) Noboru; (given name) Takashi; (given name) Susumu; (surname) Jouji; (surname) Jou; (surname) Sakigami; (surname) Kouzaki; (surname) Kou; (place-name) Kamura; (surname) Kamiyanagi; (place-name) Kamino; (place-name, surname) Kami; (place-name) Kano; (surname) Kado; (place-name) Uwa; (surname) Ue
uttarā 嗢呾羅; above upper, superior; on; former. To ascend, offer to a superior.

see styles
Mandarin shén / shen2
Taiwan shen
Japanese juu / ju / じゅう
Chinese ten (used in fractions, writing checks etc); assorted; miscellaneous; what
Japanese (1) (See 十) 10; ten; (2) (archaism) book containing a collection of poems; (personal name) Sousaku; (personal name) Shuusaku
A file of ten; sundry, what.

see styles
Mandarin guà / gua4
Taiwan kua
Japanese ke / け
Chinese divinatory diagram; one of the eight divinatory trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1]; one of the sixty-four divinatory hexagrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1]
Japanese divination sign

see styles
Mandarin juǎn / juan3
Taiwan chüan
Japanese kan
Chinese scroll; book; volume; chapter; examination paper; classifier for books, paintings: volume, scroll; to roll up; roll; classifier for small rolled things (wad of paper money, movie reel etc)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin huí / hui2
Taiwan hui
Japanese kai / かい
Chinese to circle; to go back; to turn around; to answer; to return; to revolve; Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims); time; classifier for acts of a play; section or chapter (of a classic book)
Japanese (counter) (1) counter for occurrences; (2) a time; an instance; (3) inning (baseball); round; game; (n,n-suf) (4) (colloquialism) episode; chapter; instalment; (5) (abbreviation) (See 回族) Hui (people); (6) (abbreviation) (See 回教) Islam; (surname) Meguri; (surname) Mawari; (surname) Magari; (surname) Kizahashi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Mandarin fén / fen2
Taiwan fen
Japanese tsuka
Chinese grave; tomb; CL:座[zuo4]; embankment; mound; ancient book
A grave 墳墓.

see styles
Mandarin wán / wan2
Taiwan wan
Japanese kan / かん
Chinese to finish; to be over; whole; complete; entire
Japanese (expression) (1) (at the close of a book, film, etc.) The End; Finis; (n-suf,n) (2) completion; conclusion; end; (3) providing fully; (given name) Yutaka; (given name) Yasushi; (given name) Mamoru; (given name) Matashi; (given name) Masashi; (given name) Hiroshi; (surname, female given name) Tamotsu; (given name) Sadamu; (surname) Sada; (personal name) Kanji; (surname, given name) Kan; (personal name) Ikuya; (personal name) Ikui
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin juǎn / juan3
Taiwan chüan
Japanese kan / かん
Chinese Japanese variant of 卷
Japanese (n,ctr) volume (of book); reel (of film); (p,s,f) Maki; (personal name) Kan

see styles
Mandarin tiè // tiě // tiē / tie4 // tie3 // tie1
Taiwan t`ieh / tieh
Japanese jou / jo / じょう
Chinese rubbing from incised inscription; invitation card; notice; fitting snugly; appropriate; suitable; variant of 貼|贴[tie1]; to paste; to obey
Japanese (1) folding book; (suf,ctr) (2) counter for units of paper and nori (48 pages of Mino paper; 20 pages of hanshi; 10 sheets of nori); (3) counter for folding books, folding screens, shields, etc.; (4) counter for pairs of curtains; (5) (See 畳・じょう) counter for tatami mats; (place-name) Chou


see styles
Mandarin zhàng / zhang4
Taiwan chang
Japanese chou / cho / ちょう
Chinese covering veil; canopy; screen; tent; variant of 賬|账[zhang4]
Japanese book; register; (surname) Tobari; (surname) Chou

see styles
Mandarin tuàn / tuan4
Taiwan t`uan / tuan
Chinese to foretell the future using the trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经


see styles
Mandarin héng / heng2
Taiwan heng
Japanese hisashi / ひさし
Chinese permanent; constant; fixed; usual; ordinary; rule (old); one of the 64 trigrams of the Book of Changes; surname Heng
Japanese (personal name) Hisashi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin zhé / zhe2
Taiwan che
Japanese sagari / さがり    orisaki / おりさき    ori / おり
Chinese to break; to fracture; to snap; to suffer loss; to bend; to twist; to turn; to change direction; convinced; to convert into (currency); discount; rebate; tenth (in price); classifier for theatrical scenes; to fold; accounts book; to turn something over; to turn upside down; to tip something out (of a container); to break (e.g. stick or bone); a loss
Japanese (1) opportunity; chance; occasion; time; (n,ctr) (2) fold; pleat; crease; (3) small food box (wooden or cardboard); (personal name) Sagari; (surname) Ori
Tear open, break down.; To snap, break; decide; compound; fold; to fold


see styles
Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Japanese son / そん
Chinese to decrease; to lose; to damage; to harm; (coll.) to speak sarcastically; to deride; caustic; mean; one of the 64 trigrams of the Book of Changes (old)
Japanese (adj-na,n,n-suf) (1) loss; damage; harm; unprofitable; (2) disadvantage; handicap; drawback; unfavorable; (personal name) Takuji
To spoil, hurt, damage; lose that which one possesses

see styles
Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Japanese eki / えき    i / い
Chinese easy; amiable; to change; to exchange; surname Yi; abbr. for 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1], the Book of Changes
Japanese divination; fortune-telling; easiness; (given name) Yasushi; (given name) Osamu; (surname) Eki; (surname) I
Change; easy; to change

see styles
Mandarin shù / shu4
Taiwan shu
Japanese tsuka / つか    soku / そく
Chinese to bind; bunch; bundle; classifier for bunches, bundles, beams of light etc; to control; surname Shu
Japanese (1) strut; short vertical post; (2) thickness (of a book minus the cover, a sheaf of paper, etc.); (3) (archaism) (See 束・そく) handbreadth; bundle; (n,n-suf) (1) {math} lattice; (n,n-suf,ctr) (2) counter for large bundles (e.g. 10 sheafs of rice, 200 sheets of calligraphy paper, 20 whistling arrows, 100 fish); (3) handbreadth (unit for measuring the length of arrows); (given name) Tsugane; (female given name) Tsukane; (given name) Tsukanu; (female given name) Tsukasa; (female given name) Tabane; (surname) Taba
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin xiào / xiao4
Taiwan hsiao
Japanese kou / ko / こう
Chinese school; military officer; CL:所[suo3]; to proofread; to check; to compare
Japanese (suffix) (1) school; (n,ctr) (2) proof (of a book, document, etc.); counter for proofs; (given name) Tadasu
Compare, collate, compared with, similar to 較; to compare

see styles
Mandarin/ ji2
Taiwan chi
Japanese oi / おい
Chinese trunks (for books)
Japanese wooden box carried on one's back to store items for a pilgrimage
A satchel, book-box; translit. g; a trunk carried on the back

see styles
Mandarin/ ce4
Taiwan ts`e / tse
Japanese saku / さく
Chinese policy; plan; scheme; bamboo slip for writing (old); to whip (a horse); to encourage; riding crop with sharp spines (old); essay written for the imperial examinations (old); upward horizontal stroke in calligraphy; surname Ce
Japanese (n,n-suf) plan; policy; (given name) Tsukane; (given name) Shinsaku; (surname) Saku
A treatise, book, memo, tablet, card; a plan, scheme; question; whip; etc.

簿

see styles
Mandarin/ bu4
Taiwan pu
Japanese hai
Chinese a book; a register; account-book
Notebook, register, etc.

see styles
Mandarin/ ji2
Taiwan chi
Japanese seki / せき
Chinese book or record; registry; roll; place of one's family or ancestral records; membership; surname Ji
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) one's family register; one's domicile; (suffix noun) (2) nationality; (3) membership (club, party, etc.); (surname) Seki
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ lu4
Taiwan lu
Chinese records; book; Taoist written charm; book of prophecy (e.g. of dynastic fortunes)


see styles
Mandarin jīng / jing1
Taiwan ching
Japanese tsune / つね    tate / たて    kyou / kyo / きょう
Chinese classics; sacred book; scripture; to pass through; to undergo; to bear; to endure; warp (textile); longitude; menstruation; channel (TCM); abbr. for economics 經濟|经济[jing1 ji4]; surname Jing
Japanese (female given name) Tsune; (surname) Tate; (surname) Kyou
A warp, that which runs lengthwise; to pass through or by, past; to manage, regulate; laws, canons, classics. Skt. sūtras; threads, threaded together, classical works. Also called 契經 and 經本. The sūtras in the Tripiṭaka are the sermons attributed to the Buddha; the other two divisions are 律 the Vinaya, and 論 the śāstras, or Abhidharma; cf. 三藏. Every sūtra begins with the words 如是我聞 'Thus did I hear', indicating that it contains the words of Śākyamuni.


see styles
Mandarin cháng / chang2
Taiwan ch`ang / chang
Japanese hegosaki / へごさき
Chinese plant mentioned in Book of Songs, uncertainly identified as carambola or star fruit (Averrhoa carambola); surname Chang
Japanese (surname) Hegosaki

see styles
Mandarin zhì / zhi4
Taiwan chih
Chinese book cover; surname Zhi

see styles
Japanese sou / so / そう Japanese (1) clothing; (2) binding (of a book); (given name) Sou

see styles
Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Chinese to wrap and bind; damp; dripping; wet; a book bag


see styles
Mandarin shī / shi1
Taiwan shih
Japanese shi / し
Chinese poem; CL:首[shou3]; poetry; verse; abbr. for Shijing 詩經|诗经[Shi1 jing1], the Book of Songs
Japanese poem; verse of poetry; (female given name) Poemu; (female given name) Shirabe; (female given name) Shi; (female given name) Kotoba; (female given name) Uta
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Mandarin/ ke4
Taiwan k`o / ko
Japanese ka / か
Chinese subject; course; CL:門|门[men2]; class; lesson; CL:堂[tang2],節|节[jie2]; to levy; tax; form of divination
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) lesson; (2) section (in an organization); division; department; (counter) (3) counter for lessons and chapters (of a book)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin tǎn / tan3
Taiwan t`an / tan
Chinese pay an advance; silk book cover


see styles
Mandarin chāo / chao1
Taiwan ch`ao / chao
Japanese sō / しょう
Chinese money; paper money; variant of 抄[chao1]
Japanese (1) (obsolete) excerpt; extract; (2) annotation; (3) shou (unit of volume, approx. 1.8 ml)
A voucher, banknote, paper-money, taxes; to pinch up, take up; to seize all, sequestrate; to copy, transcribe, extract; summary of the contents of a large book


see styles
Mandarin kāi / kai1
Taiwan k`ai / kai
Japanese hiraku / ひらく    hiraki / ひらき    haruki / はるき    haru / はる    hari / はり    satoru / さとる    kai / かい
Chinese to open; to start; to turn on; to boil; to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc); to operate (a vehicle); carat (gold); abbr. for Kelvin, 開爾文|开尔文[Kai1 er3 wen2]; abbr. for 開本|开本[kai1 ben3], book format
Japanese (surname, given name) Hiraku; (place-name, surname) Hiraki; (given name) Haruki; (surname) Haru; (surname) Hari; (given name) Satoru; (surname) Kai
To open, begin, institute, unfold, disclose; dismiss; write out; unloose; to heat, boil; to disclose

see styles
Mandarin dǐng / ding3
Taiwan ting
Japanese kanae;tei / kanae;te / かなえ;てい
Chinese ancient cooking cauldron with two looped handles and three or four legs; pot (dialect); to enter upon a period of (classical); Kangxi radical 206; one of the 64 hexagrams of the Book of Changes
Japanese (archaism) three-legged metal pot or kettle (used in ancient China); (given name) Tei; (p,s,f) Kanae; (personal name) Agata

ご本

see styles
Japanese gohon / ごほん Japanese (honorific or respectful language) (polite language) book

カバ

see styles
Japanese kaba / カバ Japanese (noun/participle) (1) cover (e.g. book); coverage; (noun or participle which takes the aux. verb suru) (2) to compensate for (a loss); to offset (a weakness); to back up; (3) kava (Piper methysticum); cava; kavakava; (4) cava; Spanish sparkling wine; (kana only) hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius); (kana only) birch (esp. Japanese white birch); (personal name) Cava

一冊

see styles
Japanese issatsu / いっさつ Japanese one copy (e.g. book)

一書

see styles
Japanese issho / いっしょ Japanese one letter; one book

一本

see styles
Japanese hitomoto / ひともと    kazumoto / かずもと    ippon / いっぽん    ichimoto / いちもと Japanese (1) one long cylindrical thing; one film, TV show, etc.; one goal, home run, etc.; one telephone call; (2) one version; (3) one book; a certain book; (4) (martial arts term) ippon; one point; a blow; (5) experienced geisha; (suffix noun) (6) single-minded focus on ...; (surname) Hitomoto; (given name) Kazumoto; (place-name) Ippon; (surname) Ichimoto

一条

see styles
Japanese ichijou / ichijo / いちじょう Japanese (1) one long straight object; streak; beam; ray (of light); wisp (of smoke); (2) one item (in an itemized form); one clause; one passage (in a book); (3) one matter (affair, event, case, incident); (4) the same logic; the same reason; (surname) Takuya; (surname) Ichidziyou; (place-name, surname) Ichijou

一篇

see styles
Japanese ippen / いっぺん Japanese piece (e.g. poetry); poem; essay; book; story

一編

see styles
Japanese ippen / いっぺん Japanese piece (e.g. poetry); poem; essay; book; story

七情

see styles
Mandarin qī qíng / qi1 qing2
Taiwan ch`i ch`ing / chi ching
Japanese shichijou / shichijo / しちじょう
Chinese seven emotional states; seven affects of traditional Chinese medical theory and therapy, namely: joy 喜[xi3], anger 怒[nu4], anxiety 憂|忧[you1], thought 思[si1], grief 悲[bei1], fear 恐[kong3], fright 驚|惊[jing1]; seven relations
Japanese (1) seven emotions (in The Book of Rites: joy, anger, sorrow, fear, love, hate, desire); seven emotions (in Buddhism: joy, anger, sorrow, pleasure, love, hate, desire); (2) seven effects (of a traditional Chinese medicine); (surname) Shichijou
The seven emotions : pleasure, anger, sorrow, joy, love, hate, desire.

上巻

see styles
Japanese joukan / jokan / じょうかん Japanese (See 下巻,中巻) first volume (in set); volume one; book one; (surname) Uemaki; (place-name) Agemaki

丸本

see styles
Japanese marubon;maruhon / まるぼん;まるほん Japanese reciter's book; complete set of books; (surname) Marumoto

五經


五经

see styles
Mandarin wǔ jīng / wu3 jing1
Taiwan wu ching
Japanese go kyō
Chinese the Five Classics of Confucianism, namely: the Book of Songs 詩經|诗经[Shi1 jing1], the Book of History 書經|书经[Shu1 jing1], the Classic of Rites 禮記|礼记[Li3 ji4], the Book of Changes 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1], and the Spring and Autumn Annals 春秋[Chun1 qiu1]
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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This page contains 100 results for "book" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary