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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition


see styles
Mandarin/ ye4
Taiwan yeh
Japanese waza / わざ    gou / go / ごう    gyou / gyo / ぎょう
Chinese line of business; industry; occupation; job; employment; school studies; enterprise; property; (Buddhism) karma; deed; to engage in; already; surname Ye
Japanese deed; act; work; performance; {Buddh} (See 果報) karma (i.e. actions committed in a former life); (n,suf) (1) work; business; company; agency; (2) study; (personal name) Hajime; (surname) Gyou
karman, karma, "action, work, deed"; "moral duty"; "product, result, effect." M.W. The doctrine of the act; deeds and their effects on the character, especially in their relation to succeeding forms of transmigration. The 三業 are thought, word, and deed, each as good, bad, or indifferent. Karma from former lives is 宿業, from present conduct 現業. Karma is moral action that causes future retribution, and either good or evil transmigration. It is also that moral kernel in which each being survives death for further rebirth or metempsychosis. There are categories of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 10; the 六業 are rebirth in the hells, or as animals, hungry ghosts, men, devas, or asuras: v. 六趣.

see styles
Mandarin/ mu3
Taiwan mu
Japanese haha(p);hawa(ok);kaka(ok);omo(ok);iroha(ok);amo(ok) / はは(P);はわ(ok);かか(ok);おも(ok);いろは(ok);あも(ok)
Chinese mother; elderly female relative; origin; source; (of animals) female
Japanese (humble language) (かか was used by children) (See 父) mother
mātṛ, a mother.

see styles
Mandarin cǎo / cao3
Taiwan ts`ao / tsao
Japanese sou / so / そう
Chinese variant of 肏[cao4]; grass; straw; manuscript; draft (of a document); careless; rough; CL:棵[ke1],撮[zuo3],株[zhu1],根[gen1]
Japanese (1) (abbreviation) draft; rough copy; (2) (See 草書) cursive script; "grass" kanji; (female given name) Hajime; (personal name) Souji; (female given name) Sou; (surname) Shitagaki; (surname) Kusayanagi; (surname) Kusayagi; (surname) Kusanagi; (surname) Kusazaki; (surname) Kusa; (female given name) Kaya
Grass, herbs, plants; rough; female (of animals, birds, etc. ).

四田

see styles
Mandarin sì tián / si4 tian2
Taiwan ssu t`ien / ssu tien
Japanese yotsuda / よつだ    shida / しだ
Japanese (surname) Yotsuda; (surname) Shida
The four fields for cultivating happiness — animals; the poor; parents, etc.; the religion.

小龍


小龙

see styles
Mandarin xiǎo lóng / xiao3 long2
Taiwan hsiao lung
Chinese snake (as one of the 12 Chinese zodiac animals 生肖[sheng1 xiao4])

交尾

see styles
Mandarin jiāo wěi / jiao1 wei3
Taiwan chiao wei
Japanese koubi / kobi / こうび
Chinese to copulate (of animals); to mate
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) copulation (in animals)

水族

see styles
Mandarin shuǐ zú / shui3 zu2
Taiwan shui tsu
Japanese suizoku / すいぞく
Chinese collective term for aquatic animals; Shui ethnic group of Guangxi
Japanese aquatic fauna; aquatic animals

動植物


动植物

see styles
Mandarin dòng zhí wù / dong4 zhi2 wu4
Taiwan tung chih wu
Japanese doushokubutsu / doshokubutsu / どうしょくぶつ
Chinese plants and animals; flora and fauna
Japanese plants and animals; flora and fauna

see styles
Mandarin zǐ // zī // zǎi / zi3 // zi1 // zai3
Taiwan tzu // tsai
Japanese ko / こ
Chinese meticulous; (of domestic animals or fowls) young; see 仔肩[zi1 jian1]; variant of 崽[zai3]
Japanese (n,n-suf) (See 子・こ・2) young (animal)

see styles
Mandarin guān / guan1
Taiwan kuan
Chinese keeper of domestic animals; herdsman; (old) hired hand in certain trade

see styles
Mandarin pǐ // pī / pi3 // pi1
Taiwan p`i / pi
Japanese hiki / ひき
Chinese classifier for horses, mules etc; Taiwan pr. [pi1]; ordinary person; classifier for cloth: bolt; horsepower; mate; one of a pair
Japanese (counter) (1) counter for small animals; (2) counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size); (3) roll of cloth; (counter) (1) counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size); (2) (archaism) counter for horses; (3) roll of cloth; (surname) Hiki

see styles
Mandarin kǒu / kou3
Taiwan k`ou / kou
Japanese kuchi / くち    ku;kou / ku;ko / く;こう
Chinese mouth; classifier for things with mouths (people, domestic animals, cannons, wells etc); classifier for bites or mouthfuls
Japanese (1) mouth; (2) opening; hole; gap; orifice; (3) mouth (of a bottle); spout; nozzle; mouthpiece; (4) gate; door; entrance; exit; (5) (See 口を利く・1) speaking; speech; talk (i.e. gossip); (6) (See 口に合う) taste; palate; (7) mouth (to feed); (8) (See 働き口) opening (i.e. vacancy); available position; (9) (See 口がかかる) invitation; summons; (10) kind; sort; type; (11) opening (i.e. beginning); (suf,ctr) (12) counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords; (1) (く only) {Buddh} mouth; speech; (suf,ctr) (2) (usu. こう) counter for people or implements; (surname) Hamanoguchi; (surname) Sakikuchi; (personal name) Kuchida; (surname) Kuchi
mukha, the mouth, especially as the organ of speech. 身, 口, 意 are the three media of corruption, body or deed , mouth or word, and mind or thought.

see styles
Mandarin yín / yin2
Taiwan yin
Japanese gin / ぎん    uta / うた    akira / あきら
Chinese to chant; to recite; to moan; to groan; cry (of certain animals and insects); song (ancient poem)
Japanese (female given name) Gin; (female given name) Uta; (female given name) Akira
Chant, hum, mutter; to chant

see styles
Mandarin/ da1
Taiwan ta
Chinese da! (sound used to move animals along)

see styles
Mandarin xiào / xiao4
Taiwan hsiao
Japanese takeru / たける
Chinese pant; roar; bark (of animals)
Japanese (given name) Takeru

see styles
Mandarin hùn / hun4
Taiwan hun
Chinese grain-fed animals; pigsty

see styles
Mandarin féng / feng2
Taiwan feng
Chinese to butt (as horned animals)

see styles
Mandarin/ tu2
Taiwan t`u / tu
Japanese touma / toma / とま    to / とうま    tagima / と    taima / たぎま
Chinese to slaughter (animals for food); to massacre; surname Tu
Japanese (personal name) Toma; (personal name) Touma; (surname) To; (personal name) Tagima; (personal name) Taima
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Mandarin shǔ / shu3
Taiwan shu
Japanese satsuka / さつか    sakka / さっか
Chinese to join together; to fix one's attention on; to concentrate on; category; genus (taxonomy); family members; dependents; to belong to; subordinate to; affiliated with; be born in the year of (one of the 12 animals); to be; to prove to be; to constitute
Japanese (surname) Satsuka; (surname) Sakka
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Japanese akiko / あきこ
Chinese post for tethering animals
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) stump; (1) stake; post; pile; picket; (2) (abbreviation) (archaism) stump; (personal name) Akiko

see styles
Mandarin/ ta1
Taiwan t`a / ta
Chinese it (used for animals)

see styles
Mandarin láo / lao2
Taiwan lao
Japanese rou / ro / ろう
Chinese firm; sturdy; fold (for animals); sacrifice; prison
Japanese prison; jail; gaol
A gaol, fold, pen; secure, firm; a pen

see styles
Mandarin/ zi4
Taiwan tzu
Chinese female of domestic animals

see styles
Mandarin chù / chu4
Taiwan ch`u / chu
Japanese chiku
Chinese to raise (animals); livestock; domesticated animal; domestic animal
To rear, feed, domesticate; restrain: cattle; to store

see styles
Mandarin tuǎn / tuan3
Taiwan t`uan / tuan
Chinese place trodden by animals

see styles
Mandarin yǎ // pǐ / ya3 // pi3
Taiwan ya // p`i / ya // pi
Japanese hiki / ひき
Chinese variant of 雅[ya3]; variant of 匹[pi3]; classifier for cloth: bolt
Japanese (counter) (1) counter for small animals; (2) counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size); (3) roll of cloth; (counter) (1) counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size); (2) (archaism) counter for horses; (3) roll of cloth; (surname) Hiki

see styles
Mandarin/ tu2
Taiwan t`u / tu
Chinese be injured; ill (of animals)

see styles
Mandarin qín / qin2
Taiwan ch`in / chin
Japanese kin / とり
Chinese generic term for birds and animals; birds; to capture (old)
Japanese (1) bird; (2) bird meat (esp. chicken meat); fowl; poultry
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin zhī / zhi1
Taiwan chih
Chinese wings of birds; legs of animals

see styles
Mandarin cuò / cuo4
Taiwan ts`o / tso
Chinese to chop straw fine for animals

see styles
Mandarin huàn / huan4
Taiwan huan
Chinese to rear; to raise (animals)

see styles
Mandarin/ qu4
Taiwan ch`ü / chü
Japanese shu / おもむき
Chinese interesting; to interest
Japanese (1) meaning; tenor; gist; (2) effect; influence; (3) appearance; aspect; (4) taste; (5) grace; charm; refinement
Destination, destiny (especially on rebirth): v. 五趣, i.e. the hells, pretas, animals, man, devas.


see styles
Mandarin/ da2
Taiwan ta
Japanese dachi;dachi / だち;ダチ    tachi / たち
Chinese to attain; to reach; to amount to; to communicate; eminent; surname Da
Japanese (colloquialism) (abbreviation) (kana only) (See 友達) friend; (suffix) (kana only) pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific); (given name) Tooru; (surname) Tsuji; (surname) Daru; (surname) Datezaki; (personal name) Tatsuru; (given name) Tatsushi; (surname, given name) Tatsu; (given name) Tassu; (given name) Susumu; (given name) Satoru; (male given name) Satoshi; (given name) Itaru
Permeate, penetrate, reach to, transfer, inform, promote, successful, reaching everywhere; translit. ta, da, dha, etc; to penetrate

see styles
Mandarin zhī / zhi1
Taiwan chih
Japanese seki / せき
Chinese classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc
Japanese (counter) (1) counter for ships (large boats); (2) counter for half of a pair (e.g. half of a folding screen); (3) counter for fish, birds, arrows, etc.; (personal name) Sumihiko; (personal name) Sumitoshi; (personal name) Sumio


see styles
Mandarin tóu / tou2
Taiwan t`ou / tou
Japanese tou / to / とう    gashira / がしら    kabushi / かぶし    atama(p);kashira(p) / あたま(P);かしら(P)
Chinese suffix for nouns; head; hair style; the top; end; beginning or end; a stub; remnant; chief; boss; side; aspect; first; leading; classifier for pigs or livestock; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (counter) counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle); (suffix) (1) (after a noun) top of ..; head of ..; (2) (after the -masu stem of a verb) the moment that ..; (archaism) (kana only) shape of one's head; (1) head; (2) hair (on one's head); (3) (あたま only) mind; brains; intellect; (4) leader; chief; boss; captain; (5) top; tip; (6) beginning; start; (7) (あたま only) head; person; (8) (かしら only) top structural component of a kanji; (personal name) Tsumuri; (given name) Akira
The head; chief, first.


see styles
Mandarin yǎng / yang3
Taiwan yang
Japanese you / yo / よう    yasu / やす    yashinau / やしなう    mamoru / まもる    osamu / おさむ
Chinese to raise (animals); to bring up (children); to keep (pets); to support; to give birth
Japanese (given name) You; (personal name) Yasu; (surname, given name) Yashinau; (given name) Mamoru; (given name) Osamu
poṣa. Nourish, rear, support.


see styles
Mandarin míng / ming2
Taiwan ming
Japanese mei / me / めい    min / みん    hibiki / ひびき    naru / なる
Chinese to cry (of birds, animals and insects)
Japanese (female given name) Mei; (personal name) Min; (female given name) Hibiki; (surname) Naru
Cry, sound, note of a bird, etc.; Oh ! alas ! to wail.

see styles
Mandarin/ mi2
Taiwan mi
Chinese fawn; young of animals

七有

see styles
Mandarin qī yǒu / qi1 you3
Taiwan ch`i yu / chi yu
Japanese shichiu
七生 The seven stages of existence in a human world, or in any 欲界 desire-world. Also (1) in the hells, (2) as animals, (3) hungry ghosts, (4) gods, (5) men, (6) karma 業, and (7) in the intermediate stage; seven existences

三塗


三涂

see styles
Mandarin sān tú / san1 tu2
Taiwan san t`u / san tu
Japanese sanzu
The 塗 mire is interpreted by 途 a road, i.e. the three unhappy gati or ways; (a) 火塗 to the fires of hell; (b) 血塗 to the hell of blood, where as animals they devour each other; (c) 刀塗 the asipattra hell of swords, where the leaves and grasses are sharp-edged swords. Cf. 三惡趣; three destinies

三悪

see styles
Japanese sanaku;sannaku;sanmaku / さんあく;さんなく;さんまく Japanese (1) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 三悪道・さんあくどう) the world of hungry spirits and the world of animals; three evil worlds hell; (2) (さんあく only) three evils (e.g. prostitution, drugs and venereal diseases)

三惡


三恶

see styles
Mandarin sān è / san1 e4
Taiwan san o
Japanese sanmaku
The three evil gati, or paths of transmigration; also 三惡道, 三惡趣 the hells, hungry ghosts, animals.

三獸


三兽

see styles
Mandarin sān shòu / san1 shou4
Taiwan san shou
Japanese sanshū
The three animals— hare, horse, elephant— crossing a stream. The śrāvaka is like the hare who crosses by swimming on the surface; the pratyeka-buddha is like the horse who crosses deeper than the hare; the bodhisattva is like the elephant who walks across on the bottom. Also likened to the triyāna. 涅槃經 23, 27.

下塵


下尘

see styles
Mandarin xià chén / xia4 chen2
Taiwan hsia ch`en / hsia chen
Japanese gejin
The lower gati, the hells, hungry ghosts, animals; lower realms

下崽

see styles
Mandarin xià zǎi / xia4 zai3
Taiwan hsia tsai
Chinese (of animals) to give birth; to foal, to whelp etc

九地

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ de / jiu3 de
Taiwan chiu te
Japanese kyuuchi / kyuchi / きゅうち
Japanese very low land; (surname) Kuji
The nine lands, i.e. the 欲界 realm of desire or sensuous realm the four 色界 realms of form or material forms; and the four 無色界 formless realms, or realms beyond form; v. 九有, 九有情居, 禪 and 定. The nine realms are:—(1) 欲界五趣地; the desire realm with its five gati, i.e. hells, hungry ghosts, animals, men, and devas. In the four form-realms are:— (2) 離生喜樂地 Paradise after earthly life, this is also the first dhyāna, or subject of meditation, 初禪. (3) 定生喜樂地 Paradise of cessation of rebirth, 二禪. (4) 離喜妙樂地 Land of wondrous joy after the previous joys, 三禪. (5) 捨念淸淨地 The Pure Land of abandonment of thought, or recollection (of past delights), 四禪. The four formless, or infinite realms, catur arūpa dhātu, are:—(6) 空無邊處地 ākāśānantyā-yatanam, the land of infinite space; also the first samādhi, 第一定. (7) 識無邊處地 vijñānānamtyāyatanam, the land of omniscience, or infinite perception, 二定. (8) 無所有處地 ākiñcanyāyatana, the land of nothingness, 三定. (9) 非想非非想處地 naivasaṁjñānā-saṁjñāyatana, the land (of knowledge) without thinking or not thinking, or where there is neither consciousness nor unconsciousness, i.e. above either; this is the 四定. Eitel says that in the last four, "Life lasts 20,000 great kalpas in the 1st, 40,000 in the 2nd, 60,000 in the 3rd, and 80,000 great kalpas in the 4th of these heavens."; nine levels of existence

五形

see styles
Mandarin wǔ xíng / wu3 xing2
Taiwan wu hsing
Japanese gogyou / gogyo / ごぎょう
Chinese Wuxing - "Five Animals" - Martial Art
Japanese (kana only) Jersey cudweed (species of cottonweed, Gnaphalium affine)

五苦

see styles
Mandarin wǔ kǔ / wu3 ku3
Taiwan wu k`u / wu ku
Japanese goku
The five forms of suffering: I. (1) Birth, age, sickness, death; (2) parting with those loved; (3) meeting with the hated or disliked; (4) inability to obtain the desired; (5) the five skandha sufferings, mental and physical. II. Birth, age, sickness, death, and the shackles (for criminals). III. The sufferings of the hells, and as hungry ghosts, animals, asuras, and human beings; five kinds of suffering

五趣

see styles
Mandarin wǔ qù / wu3 qu4
Taiwan wu ch`ü / wu chü
Japanese goshu
The five gati, i. e. destinations, destinies: the hells, hungry ghosts, animals, human beings, devas; cf. 五惡趣 and 五道; five destinies

交配

see styles
Mandarin jiāo pèi / jiao1 pei4
Taiwan chiao p`ei / chiao pei
Japanese kouhai / kohai / こうはい
Chinese mating; copulation (esp. of animals)
Japanese (noun/participle) mating; crossbreeding; cross-fertilization; cross-fertilisation

人獣

see styles
Japanese jinjuu / jinju / じんじゅう Japanese (1) humans and animals; humans and beasts; (2) (See 人面獣心) beast in human form

人畜

see styles
Japanese jinchiku / じんちく Japanese men and animals

何頭

see styles
Japanese nantou / nanto / なんとう Japanese how many? (large animals)

俐巧

see styles
Japanese rikou / riko / りこう Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) (1) clever; intelligent; wise; bright; sharp; sensible; smart; shrewd; (2) well-behaved (of kids, animals, etc); obedient; good; (3) (archaism) good (with words)

八穢


八秽

see styles
Mandarin bā huì / ba1 hui4
Taiwan pa hui
Japanese hachie
Eight things unclean to a monk: buying land for self, not for Buddha or the fraternity; ditto cultivating; ditto laying by or storing up; ditto keeping servants (or slaves); keeping animals (for slaughter); treasuring up gold, etc.; ivory and ornaments; utensils for private use; eight defilements

八難


八难

see styles
Mandarin bā nán / ba1 nan2
Taiwan pa nan
Japanese hachinan
The eight conditions in which it is difficult to see a Buddha or hear his dharma: in the hells: as hungry ghosts; as animals; in Uttarakuru (the northern continent where all is pleasant); in the long-life heavens (where life is long and easy); as deaf, blind, and dumb; as a worldly philosopher; in the intermediate period between a Buddha and his successor. Also 八無暇; eight difficulties

六凡

see styles
Mandarin liù fán / liu4 fan2
Taiwan liu fan
Japanese rokubon
The six stages of rebirth for ordinary people, as contrasted with the saints 聖者: in the hells, and as hungry: ghosts, animals, asuras, men, and devas; six non-enlightened realms

六地

see styles
Mandarin liù de / liu4 de
Taiwan liu te
Japanese rokuchi
Six bodhisattvas in the Dizang group of the garbhadhātu, each controlling one of the 六道 or ways of sentient existence. They deal with rebirth in the hells, as hungry ghosts, animals, asuras, men, and devas; six grounds

六畜

see styles
Mandarin liù chù / liu4 chu4
Taiwan liu ch`u / liu chu
Japanese rokuchiku
Chinese six domestic animals, namely: pig, cow, sheep, horse, chicken and dog
The six animals likened to the six organs 六根, v. 六衆生.

六行

see styles
Mandarin liù xíng / liu4 xing2
Taiwan liu hsing
Japanese rokugyō
Among Buddhists the term means the practice of the 六度 six pāramitās; it is referred, among outsiders, to the six austerities of the six kinds of heretics: (1) 自餓 starvation; (2) 投淵 naked cave-dwelling (or, throwing oneself down precipices); (3) 赴火 self-immolation, or self-torturing by fire; (4) 自坐 sitting naked in public; (5) 寂默 dwelling in silence among graves; (6) 牛狗 living as animals; six practices

六趣

see styles
Mandarin liù qù / liu4 qu4
Taiwan liu ch`ü / liu chü
Japanese rokushu
The six directions of reincarnation, also 六道: (1) 地獄趣 naraka-gati, or that of the hells; (2) 餓鬼趣 preta-gati, of hungry ghosts; (3) 畜生趣 tiryagyoni-gati, of animals; (4) 阿修羅趣 asura-gati, of malevolent nature spirits; (5 ) 人趣 manuṣya-gati, of human existence; (6) 天趣 deva-gati, of deva existence. The 六趣輪廻經 is attributed to Aśvaghoṣa.

刀途

see styles
Mandarin dāo tú / dao1 tu2
Taiwan tao t`u / tao tu
Japanese tōto
The gati or path of rebirth as an animal, so called because animals are subjects of the butcher's knife; destiny of hungry ghost

利口

see styles
Japanese rikou / riko / りこう Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) (1) clever; intelligent; wise; bright; sharp; sensible; smart; shrewd; (2) well-behaved (of kids, animals, etc); obedient; good; (3) (archaism) good (with words)

利巧

see styles
Japanese rikou / riko / りこう Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) (1) clever; intelligent; wise; bright; sharp; sensible; smart; shrewd; (2) well-behaved (of kids, animals, etc); obedient; good; (3) (archaism) good (with words)

動情


动情

see styles
Mandarin dòng qíng / dong4 qing2
Taiwan tung ch`ing / tung ching
Chinese to get excited; passionate; aroused to passion; to fall in love; on heat (of animals)

叫聲


叫声

see styles
Mandarin jiào shēng / jiao4 sheng1
Taiwan chiao sheng
Chinese yelling (sound made by person); barking; braying; roaring (sound made by animals)

叱叱

see styles
Japanese shisshi / しっしっ Japanese (ateji / phonetic) (interjection) (1) (kana only) shh! (used to silence someone); sh!; (2) (kana only) shoo! (used to drive off animals, etc.)

呼嚎

see styles
Mandarin hū háo / hu1 hao2
Taiwan hu hao
Chinese to roar (of animals); to wail; to cry out in distress; see also 呼號|呼号[hu1 hao2]

和名

see styles
Japanese wamyou;wamei / wamyo;wame / わみょう;わめい Japanese Japanese name (often of plants and animals, and written in kana); (place-name) Wana

哀鳴


哀鸣

see styles
Mandarin āi míng / ai1 ming2
Taiwan ai ming
Japanese aimyō
Chinese (of animals, the wind etc) to make a mournful sound; whine; moan; wail
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

地藏

see styles
Mandarin de cáng / de cang2
Taiwan te ts`ang / te tsang
Japanese jizou / jizo / じぞう
Chinese Kṣitigarbha, the Bodhisattva of the Great Vow (to save all souls before accepting Bodhi); also translated Earth Treasury, Earth Womb, or Earth Store Bodhisattva
Japanese (surname) Jizou
Ti-tsang, J. Jizō, Kṣitigarbha, 乞叉底蘗沙; Earth-store, Earth-treasury, or Earthwomb. One of the group of eight Dhvani- Bodhisattvas. With hints of a feminine origin, he is now the guardian of the earth. Though associated with Yama as overlord, and with the dead and the hells, his role is that of saviour. Depicted with the alarum staff with its six rings, he is accredited with power over the hells and is devoted to the saving of all creatures between the nirvana of Śākyamuni and the advent of Maitreya the fifth century he has been especially considered as the deliverer from the hells. His central place in China is at Chiu-hua-shan, forty li south-west of Ch'ing-yang in Anhui. In Japan he is also the protector of travellers by land and his image accordingly appears on the roads; bereaved parents put stones by his images to seek his aid in relieving the labours of their dead in the task of piling stones on the banks of the Buddhist Styx; he also helps women in labour. He is described as holding a place between the gods and men on the one hand and the hells on the other for saving all in distress; some say he is an incarnation of Yama. At dawn he sits immobile on the earth 地 and meditates on the myriads of its beings 藏. When represented as a monk, it may be through the influence of a Korean monk who is considered to be his incarnation, and who came to China in 653 and died in 728 at the age of 99 after residing at Chiu-hua-shan for seventy-five years: his body, not decaying, is said to have been gilded over and became an object of worship. Many have confused 眞羅 part of Korea with 暹羅 Siam. There are other developments of Ti-tsang, such as the 六地藏 Six Ti-tsang, i. e. severally converting or transforming those in the hells, pretas, animals, asuras, men, and the devas; these six Ti-tsang have different images and symbols. Ti-tsang has also six messengers 六使者: Yama for transforming those in hell; the pearl-holder for pretas; the strong one or animals; the devīof mercy for asuras; the devī of the treasure for human beings; one who has charge of the heavens for the devas. There is also the 延命地藏 Yanming Ti-tsang, who controls length of days and who is approached, as also may be P'u-hsien, for that Purpose; his two assistants are the Supervisors of good and evil 掌善 and 掌惡. Under another form, as 勝軍地藏 Ti-tsang is chiefly associated with the esoteric cult. The benefits derived from his worship are many, some say ten, others say twenty-eight. His vows are contained in the 地藏菩薩本願經. There is also the 大乘大集地藏十電經 tr. by Xuanzang in 10 juan in the seventh century, which probably influenced the spread of the Ti-tsang cult.

多頭


多头

see styles
Mandarin duō tóu / duo1 tou2
Taiwan to t`ou / to tou
Chinese many-headed; many-layered (authority); devolved (as opposed to centralized); pluralistic; (as classifier) number of animals; long term (finance); long (investment)

妊性

see styles
Japanese ninsei / ninse / にんせい Japanese fertility (esp. of animals)

妖通

see styles
Mandarin yāo tōng / yao1 tong1
Taiwan yao t`ung / yao tung
Japanese yōtsū
The power to change miraculously into trees and animals; v. 五種通; demonic powers

学名

see styles
Japanese gakumei / gakume / がくめい Japanese technical name (often the internationally accepted Latin, scientific, or Linnaean name of plants and animals)

家畜

see styles
Mandarin jiā chù / jia1 chu4
Taiwan chia ch`u / chia chu
Japanese kachiku / かちく
Chinese domestic animal; livestock; cattle
Japanese domestic animals; livestock; cattle

家養


家养

see styles
Mandarin jiā yǎng / jia1 yang3
Taiwan chia yang
Chinese domestic (animals); home reared

宿草

see styles
Mandarin sù cǎo / su4 cao3
Taiwan su ts`ao / su tsao
Chinese grass that has grown on a grave since last year; (fig.) grave; to have died long ago; fodder provided to animals for the night

屠殺


屠杀

see styles
Mandarin tú shā / tu2 sha1
Taiwan t`u sha / tu sha
Japanese tosatsu / とさつ
Chinese to massacre; massacre; bloodbath; carnage
Japanese (noun/participle) (sensitive word) slaughter (of animals for meat)

屬相


属相

see styles
Mandarin shǔ xiàng / shu3 xiang4
Taiwan shu hsiang
Chinese colloquial term for 生肖[sheng1 xiao4] the animals associated with the years of a 12-year cycle

師子


师子

see styles
Mandarin shī zi / shi1 zi
Taiwan shih tzu
Japanese noriko / のりこ    shiko / しこ
Japanese (1) lion; (2) left-hand guardian dog at a Shinto shrine; (female given name) Noriko; (female given name) Shiko
siṃha, a lion; also 枲伽; idem獅子 Buddha, likened to the lion, the king of animals, in respect of his fearlessness.

恋歌

see styles
Japanese koiuta;renka;koika / こいうた;れんか;こいか Japanese (1) love song; love poem; (2) (See 求愛鳴き) mating call (animals); (female given name) Renka; (female given name) Sonata; (female given name) Koika

悧巧

see styles
Japanese rikou / riko / りこう Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) (1) clever; intelligent; wise; bright; sharp; sensible; smart; shrewd; (2) well-behaved (of kids, animals, etc); obedient; good; (3) (archaism) good (with words)

惡趣


恶趣

see styles
Mandarin è qù / e4 qu4
Taiwan o ch`ü / o chü
Japanese akushu
The evil directions, or incarnations, i. e. those of animals, pretas, and beings in purgatory; to which some add asuras; evil destinies

惡道


恶道

see styles
Mandarin è dào / e4 dao4
Taiwan o tao
Japanese akudō
Evil ways; also the three evil paths or destinies— animals, pretas, and purgatory; evil destiny

打食

see styles
Mandarin dǎ shí / da3 shi2
Taiwan ta shih
Chinese to go in search of food (of animals); to take medicine for indigestion or gastro-intestinal upsets

挽力

see styles
Mandarin wǎn lì / wan3 li4
Taiwan wan li
Chinese pulling power (of draught animals)

捕撈


捕捞

see styles
Mandarin bǔ lāo / bu3 lao1
Taiwan pu lao
Chinese to fish for (aquatic animals and plants); to catch

放生

see styles
Mandarin fàng shēng / fang4 sheng1
Taiwan fang sheng
Japanese housei / hose / ほうせい    houjou / hojo / ほうじょう
Japanese (given name) Housei; (surname, given name) Houjou
To release living creatures as a work of merit; releasing caged animals for merit

数匹

see styles
Japanese suuhiki / suhiki / すうひき Japanese several animals

斷屠


断屠

see styles
Mandarin duàn tú / duan4 tu2
Taiwan tuan t`u / tuan tu
Japanese danto
To prohibit the butchering of animals—on special occasions; to prohibit the butchering of animals— on special occasions

林葬

see styles
Mandarin lín zàng / lin2 zang4
Taiwan lin tsang
Japanese rinsō
Forest burial, to cast the corpse into a forest to be eaten by animals; disposal of the body of the corpse in the forest

栖む

see styles
Japanese sumu / すむ Japanese (v5m,vi) to live (of animals); to inhabit; to nest

棲む

see styles
Japanese sumu / すむ Japanese (v5m,vi) to live (of animals); to inhabit; to nest

欲界

see styles
Mandarin yù jiè / yu4 jie4
Taiwan yü chieh
Japanese yokukai;yokkai / よくかい;よっかい
Japanese {Buddh} (See 三界・1) desire realm
kāmadhātu. The realm, or realms, of in purgatory, hungry spirits, animals, asuras, men, and the six heavens of desire. so called because the beings in these states are dominated by desire. The kāmadhātu realms are given as: 地居 Bhauma. 虛曇天 Antarikṣa. 四天王天 Caturmaharājakayika [i.e. the realms of 持國天 Dhṛtarāṣtra, east; 增長天 Virūḍhaka, south; 廣目天 Virūpakṣa, west; 多聞天 Vai śramaṇa (Dhanada), north]. 忉利天 Trayastriṃśa. 兜率天 Tuṣita. 化樂天 Nirmāṇarati. 他化自在天 Paranirmitavaśavarin; desire realm

欺生

see styles
Mandarin qī shēng / qi1 sheng1
Taiwan ch`i sheng / chi sheng
Chinese to cheat strangers; to bully strangers; (of domesticated animals) to be rebellious with unfamiliar people

活物

see styles
Mandarin huó wù / huo2 wu4
Taiwan huo wu
Japanese katsubutsu / かつぶつ
Chinese living animals
Japanese living being

添景

see styles
Japanese tenkei / tenke / てんけい Japanese persons or animals added to a picture; incidental details of a picture

滿懷

see styles
Mandarin mǎn huái / man3 huai2
Taiwan man huai
Chinese to have one's heart filled with; (to collide) full on; (of farm animals) heavy with young

漢名

see styles
Japanese kanmei / kanme / かんめい Japanese Chinese name (often of plants and animals)

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This page contains 100 results for "animals" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary