Free Chinese & Japanese Online Dictionary

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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 87 total results for your ancestors search.

If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition


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Mandarin wǔ zǔ quán / wu3 zu3 quan2
Taiwan wu tsu ch`üan / wu tsu chüan
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Wuzuquan - "Five Ancestors" - Martial Art


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Mandarin xiān jun / xian1 jun1
Taiwan hsien chün
Japanese senkun / せんくん
Chinese my late father; my ancestors; the late emperor
Japanese previous ruler; ancestors

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Mandarin zōng / zong1
Taiwan tsung
Japanese shuu / shu / しゅう
Chinese surname Zong
Japanese sect; (given name) Motoi; (personal name) Muneto; (surname) Munetaka; (surname, female given name) Mune; (female given name) Miyako; (personal name) Hajime; (surname) Chon; (given name) Takashi; (surname) Souzaki; (surname) Sou; (surname, given name) Shuu
Ancestors, ancestral; clan; class, category. kind; school, sect; siddhānta, summary, main doctrine, syllogism, proposition, conclusion, realization. Sects are of two kinds: (1) those founded on principles having historic continuity, as the twenty sects of the Hīnayāna, the thirteen sects of China, and the fourteen sects of Japan: (2) those arising from an individual interpretation of the general teaching of Buddhism, as the sub-sects founded by Yongming 永明 (d. 975), 法相宗, 法性宗, 破相宗, or those based on a peculiar interpretation of one of the recognized sects, as the Jōdo-shinshū 淨土眞宗 found by Shinran-shōnin. There are also divisions of five, six, and ten, which have reference to specific doctrinal differences. Cf. 宗派.

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Mandarin/ fu4
Taiwan fu
Chinese worship ancestors

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Mandarin xiá / xia2
Taiwan hsia
Chinese triennial sacrifice to ancestors

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Mandarin jì // zhài / ji4 // zhai4
Taiwan chi // chai
Japanese matsuri / まつり
Chinese to offer sacrifice; festive occasion; surname Zhai
Japanese festival; feast; (surname, female given name) Matsuri
Sacrifice, sacrificial; sacrifice or make offerings to one's ancestors

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Mandarin jiào / jiao4
Taiwan chiao
Japanese shō
Chinese to perform sacrifice
Libations or offerings, especially to ancestors; the offerings of All Souls' Day v. 盂 8; emptied, finished.


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Mandarin shàng gòng / shang4 gong4
Taiwan shang kung
Japanese jōgu
Chinese to make offerings (to gods or ancestors); to offer gifts to superiors in order to win their favor
To offer up an offering to Buddha, or to ancestors.



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Mandarin shàng fén / shang4 fen2
Taiwan shang fen
Chinese to sweep the tombs (of one's ancestors); the Qingming festival



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Mandarin shàng bèi / shang4 bei4
Taiwan shang pei
Japanese jōhai
Chinese ancestors; one's elders
Superior, or highest class, idem 上品; higher level


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Japanese yotoku / よとく Japanese influence of great virtue; influence of ancestors


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Mandarin gòng fèng / gong4 feng4
Taiwan kung feng
Japanese gubu / ぐぶ
Chinese to consecrate; to enshrine and worship; an offering (to one's ancestors); a sacrifice (to a God)
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) accompanying; being in attendance on; (2) (abbreviation) (See 内供奉) inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)
To offer; the monk who serves at the great altar; inner offerer


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Mandarin xiān wáng / xian1 wang2
Taiwan hsien wang
Japanese senmō


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Mandarin xiān rén / xian1 ren2
Taiwan hsien jen
Japanese senjin / せんじん
Chinese ancestors; previous generations; my late father
Japanese predecessor; pioneer; ancestor; (personal name) Sakito



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Mandarin xiān dá / xian1 da2
Taiwan hsien ta
Japanese sendatsu;sendachi / せんだつ;せんだち
Chinese famous and virtuous ancestors; the great men of the past
Japanese guide; leader; pioneer; (surname) Sendatsu; (surname) Sendachi
senior practitioner of the path



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Mandarin liǎng zǔ / liang3 zu3
Taiwan liang tsu
Japanese ryōso
two ancestors; two ancestors


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Mandarin liè zǔ / lie4 zu3
Taiwan lieh tsu
Japanese resso
line of ancestors; line of ancestors


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Japanese zushi / ずし Japanese (1) miniature shrine with double doors (used to store important Buddhist items such as sutras, etc.); (2) cabinet with double doors (used by the nobility to store books, etc.); (3) (in Okinawa) carved and decorated stone container for storing the bones of one's ancestors; (surname) Chuushi; (surname) Zushi



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Mandarin zhòu yuàn / zhou4 yuan4
Taiwan chou yüan
Japanese jugan
Vows, prayers, or formulas uttered in behalf of donors, or of the dead; especially at the All Souls Day's offerings to the seven generations of ancestors. Every word and deed of a bodhisattva should be a dhāraṇī; incantation-vow



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Mandarin fén yíng / fen2 ying2
Taiwan fen ying
Japanese funei / fune / ふんえい
Chinese grave; tomb; graveyard; cemetery; fig. one's native place (where one's ancestors are buried)
Japanese grave; tomb; graveyard


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Mandarin shì zú / shi4 zu2
Taiwan shih tsu
Japanese shizoku / しぞく
Chinese land-owning class, esp. during Wei, Jin and North-South dynasties 魏晉南北朝|魏晋南北朝
Japanese (See 華族・かぞく) family or person with samurai ancestors


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Mandarin fèng sì / feng4 si4
Taiwan feng ssu
Japanese houshi / hoshi / ほうし
Chinese to offer sacrifice (to Gods or ancestors); to consecrate; dedicated to
Japanese (noun/participle) enshrine
to offer sacrifice



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Mandarin zōng miào / zong1 miao4
Taiwan tsung miao
Japanese soubyou / sobyo / そうびょう
Chinese temple; ancestral shrine
Japanese ancestral shrine (temple); mausoleum (of one's ancestors); Imperial mausoleum


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Japanese sonzoku / そんぞく Japanese {law} (See 卑属) direct ancestors; noble ancestors



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Mandarin chú zi / chu2 zi5
Taiwan ch`u tzu / chu tzu
Japanese zushi / ずし
Chinese cook
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) miniature shrine with double doors (used to store important Buddhist items such as sutras, etc.); (2) cabinet with double doors (used by the nobility to store books, etc.); (3) (in Okinawa) carved and decorated stone container for storing the bones of one's ancestors



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Mandarin diào jì / diao4 ji4
Taiwan tiao chi
Japanese chousai / chosai / ちょうさい
Chinese a worship ceremony for the dead; to offer sacrifice (to ancestors); a libation
Japanese (noun/participle) memorial service


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Mandarin bài jì / bai4 ji4
Taiwan pai chi
Chinese to worship; to observe religious rites; to pay one's respects (to one's ancestors etc)



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Mandarin sǎo mù / sao3 mu4
Taiwan sao mu
Chinese to sweep the tombs (of one's ancestors); the Qingming festival



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Mandarin rì zhǒng / ri4 zhong3
Taiwan jih chung
Japanese nitsushiyu / につしゆ    nisshu / にっしゅ
Japanese (surname) Nitsushiyu; (surname) Nisshu
Sūrya-vaṃśa, one of the five surnames of Śākyamuni, sun-seed or lineage, his first ancestors having been produced by the sun from. 'two stalks of sugar-cane'; v. Ikṣvāku.


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Mandarin nǎng zǔ / nang3 zu3
Taiwan nang tsu
Japanese nōso
ancestors of old; ancestors of old


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Japanese hongoku / ほんごく Japanese (1) one's own country; (2) home country (as opposed to a colony); (3) country of one's ancestors; (surname) Motokuni


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Japanese fuso / ふそ Japanese ancestors


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Mandarin gān zhe / gan1 zhe5
Taiwan kan che
Japanese kansho;kansha / かんしょ;かんしゃ
Chinese sugar cane; CL:節|节[jie2]
Japanese sugar cane; (surname) Kansho; (surname) Kansha; (surname) Amatsura
Sugar-cane, symbol of many things. A tr. of Ikṣvāku, one of the surnames of Śākyamuni, from a legend that one of his ancestors was born from a sugar-cane.


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Japanese kousou / koso / こうそう Japanese imperial ancestors



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Mandarin zǔ chuán / zu3 chuan2
Taiwan tsu ch`uan / tsu chuan
Japanese soden / そでん
Chinese passed on from ancestors; handed down from generation to generation
Japanese (surname) Soden


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Mandarin zǔ zōng / zu3 zong1
Taiwan tsu tsung
Japanese sosou / soso / そそう
Chinese ancestor; forebear
Japanese ancestors
patriarchal teaching


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Japanese sobyou / sobyo / そびょう Japanese mausoleum containing the remains of one's ancestors



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Mandarin zǔ bèi / zu3 bei4
Taiwan tsu pei
Chinese ancestors; forefathers; ancestry


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Mandarin jì diàn / ji4 dian4
Taiwan chi tien
Chinese to offer sacrifices (to one's ancestors); to hold or attend a memorial service


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Mandarin jì bài / ji4 bai4
Taiwan chi pai
Chinese to offer sacrifice (to one's ancestors)


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Mandarin jì sì / ji4 si4
Taiwan chi ssu
Japanese saishi / さいし
Chinese to offer sacrifices to the gods or ancestors
Japanese ritual; religious service; festival
[non-Buddhist] festivals


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Mandarin jì zǔ / ji4 zu3
Taiwan chi tsu
Chinese to offer sacrifices to one's ancestors



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Mandarin jī zǔ / ji1 zu3
Taiwan chi tsu
Chinese many generations of ancestors



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Mandarin lǎo bèi / lao3 bei4
Taiwan lao pei
Japanese rouhai / rohai / ろうはい
Chinese the older generation; ancestors
Japanese the aged


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Japanese chagoto;chaji;saji / ちゃごと;ちゃじ;さじ Japanese (1) tea gathering (for the tea ceremony); (2) some matter concerning tea; (3) family tea gathering held in memory of deceased ancestors



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Mandarin bǔ tuó / bu3 tuo2
Taiwan pu t`o / pu to
Japanese hoda / ほだ
Japanese (surname) Hoda
補陁; 補陀落 (補陀落迦) Potala; Potalaka. (1) A sea-port on the Indus, the παταλα of the ancients, identified by some with Thaṭtha, said to be the ancient home of Śākyamuni's ancestors. (2) A mountain south-east of Malakūṭa, reputed as the home of Avalokiteśvara. (3) The island of Pootoo, east of Ningpo, the Guanyin centre. (4) The Lhasa Potala in Tibet; the seat of the Dalai Lama, an incarnation of Avalokiteśvara; cf. 普; also written補怛落迦 (or 補但落迦); 逋多 (逋多羅); 布呾洛加.


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Japanese fudai / ふだい Japanese (1) successive generations; (2) (abbreviation) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara); (female given name) Fuyo



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Mandarin pǔ dié / pu3 die2
Taiwan p`u tieh / pu tieh
Chinese genealogical record; record of ancestors; family tree


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Japanese fudai / ふだい Japanese (1) successive generations; (2) (abbreviation) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara)



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Mandarin zhuī yuǎn / zhui1 yuan3
Taiwan chui yüan
Japanese tsuion
to honor one's ancestors with sacrificial rituals; to honor one's ancestors with sacrificial rituals



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Mandarin yuǎn zǔ / yuan3 zu3
Taiwan yüan tsu
Japanese enso / えんそ
Chinese a remote ancestor
Japanese forefathers; remote ancestors


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Japanese itoku / いとく Japanese benefit from ancestors' virtue


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Japanese reisai / resai / れいさい Japanese (See 魂祭り・たままつり,盂蘭盆) ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)



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Mandarin xiǎn zǔ / xian3 zu3
Taiwan hsien tsu
Chinese ancestors (old)


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Japanese tamamatsuri / たままつり Japanese ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)



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Mandarin zhāi jì / zhai1 ji4
Taiwan chai chi
Chinese to offer sacrifices (to gods or ancestors) whilst abstaining from meat, wine etc



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Mandarin shàng bèi zi / shang4 bei4 zi5
Taiwan shang pei tzu
Chinese one's ancestors; past generations; a former incarnation


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Mandarin fú wǔ xìng / fu2 wu3 xing4
Taiwan fu wu hsing
Japanese butsugoshō
The five surnames of Buddha before he became enlightened: 瞿曇 Gautama, a branch of the Śākya clan; 甘蔗Ikṣvāku, one of Buddha's ancestors; 日種 Sūryavaṁśa, of the sun race; 舍夷 ? Śāka; 釋迦 Śākya, the name of Buddha's clan. This last is generally used in China; the Buddha's five surnames


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Japanese zushigame / ずしがめ Japanese (called じ〜しか〜み or じ〜しが〜み in Okinawa) (See 厨子・3) decorated pottery container for storing the bones of one's ancestors (Okinawa)


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Mandarin huí lǎo jiā / hui2 lao3 jia1
Taiwan hui lao chia
Chinese to go back to one's roots; to return to one's native place; by ext. to join one's ancestors (i.e. to die)


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Mandarin běn shěng rén / ben3 sheng3 ren2
Taiwan pen sheng jen
Japanese honshoujin / honshojin / ほんしょうじん
Chinese people of this province; (in Taiwan) Han Chinese people other than those who moved to Taiwan from mainland China after 1945 and their descendants
Japanese (1) (See 外省人・1) someone from one's own province (China); (2) (See 外省人・2) someone whose ancestors had lived in Taiwan before the Kuomintang related immigration wave


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Mandarin gān zhè wáng / gan1 zhe4 wang2
Taiwan kan che wang
Japanese Kansho ō
懿師摩; 一叉鳩王 King of the sugar-cane; Ikṣvāku Virūḍhaka, said to be one of the ancestors of Śākyamuni, but the name is claimed by others.


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Japanese koureiden / koreden / こうれいでん Japanese shrine of imperial ancestors


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Japanese koureisai / koresai / こうれいさい Japanese equinoctial ceremony held by the emperor at the shrine of imperial ancestors



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Mandarin yú lán pén / yu2 lan2 pen2
Taiwan yü lan p`en / yü lan pen
Japanese urabon / うらぼん
Japanese Bon festival; Feast of Lanterns
(盂蘭); 鳥藍婆 (鳥藍婆拏) ullambana 盂蘭 may be another form of lambana or avalamba, "hanging down," "depending," "support"; it is intp. "to hang upside down", or "to be in suspense", referring to extreme suffering in purgatory; but there is a suggestion of the dependence of the dead on the living. By some 盆 is regarded as a Chinese word, not part of the transliteration, meaning a vessel filled with offerings of food. The term is applied to the festival of All Souls, held about the 15th of the 7th moon, when masses are read by Buddhist and Taoist priests and elaborate offerings made to the Buddhist Trinity for the purpose of releasing from purgatory the souls of those who have died on land or sea. The Ullambanapātra Sutra is attributed to Śākyamuni, of course incorrectly; it was first tr. into Chinese by Dharmaraksha, A.D. 266-313 or 317; the first masses are not reported until the time of Liang Wudi, A.D. 538; and were popularized by Amogha (A.D. 732) under the influence of the Yogācārya School. They are generally observed in China, but are unknown to Southern Buddhism. The "idea of intercession on the part of the priesthood for the benefit of" souls in hell "is utterly antagonistic to the explicit teaching of primitive Buddhism'" The origin of the custom is unknown, but it is foisted on to Śākyamuni, whose disciple Maudgalyāyana is represented as having been to purgatory to relieve his mother's sufferings. Śākyamuni told him that only the united efforts of the whole priesthood 十方衆會 could alleviate the pains of the suffering. The mere suggestion of an All Souls Day with a great national day for the monks is sufficient to account for the spread of the festival. Eitel says: "Engrafted upon the narrative ancestral worship, this ceremonial for feeding the ghost of deceased ancestors of seven generations obtained immense popularity and is now practised by everybody in China, by Taoists even and by Confucianists." All kinds of food offerings are made and paper garments, etc., burnt. The occasion, 7th moon, 15th day, is known as the盂蘭會 (or 盂蘭盆會 or 盂蘭齋 or 盂蘭盆齋) and the sutra as 盂蘭經 (or 盂蘭盆經).



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Mandarin zǔ niǎo lèi / zu3 niao3 lei4
Taiwan tsu niao lei
Chinese dinosaur ancestors of birds


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Japanese shouryoudana / shoryodana / しょうりょうだな Japanese shelf with offerings for welcoming the spirits of one's ancestors during the Bon Festival


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Japanese tamamatsuri / たままつり Japanese ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)


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Mandarin dǐng shēng wáng / ding3 sheng1 wang2
Taiwan ting sheng wang
Mūrdhaja-rāja, the king born from the crown of the head, name of the first cakravartī ancestors of the Śākya clan; the name is also applied to a former incarnation of Śākyamuni.


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Japanese tamamatsuri / たままつり Japanese ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)



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Mandarin yī fó liǎng zǔ / yi1 fo2 liang3 zu3
Taiwan i fo liang tsu
Japanese ichibutsu ryōso
one Buddha and two ancestors; one Buddha and two ancestors



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Mandarin guāng qián yù hòu / guang1 qian2 yu4 hou4
Taiwan kuang ch`ien yü hou / kuang chien yü hou
Chinese to bring honor to one's ancestors and benefit future generations (idiom)


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Mandarin guāng zōng yào zǔ / guang1 zong1 yao4 zu3
Taiwan kuang tsung yao tsu
Chinese to bring honor to one's ancestors


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Mandarin dà sān mò duō / da4 san1 mo4 duo1
Taiwan ta san mo to
Japanese Daisanmatta
Mahāsaṃmata. The first of the five kings of the Vivarta kalpa (成劫五王 ), one of the ancestors of the Śākya clan.


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Japanese kyuuchuusanden / kyuchusanden / きゅうちゅうさんでん Japanese the palace sanctuary, shrine of imperial ancestors and temple inside the Japanese imperial palace



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Mandarin shǔ diǎn wàng zǔ / shu3 dian3 wang4 zu3
Taiwan shu tien wang tsu
Chinese to recount history but omit one's ancestors (idiom); to forget one's roots



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Mandarin róng zōng yào zǔ / rong2 zong1 yao4 zu3
Taiwan jung tsung yao tsu
Chinese to bring honor to one's ancestors (idiom); also written 光宗耀祖


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Japanese kousokousou / kosokoso / こうそこうそう Japanese ancestors of the Imperial Family


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Japanese chiohiku / ちをひく Japanese (exp,v5k) to be descended from; to inherit (a disposition, etc.) from one's ancestors


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Japanese fudaidaimyou / fudaidaimyo / ふだいだいみょう Japanese (yoji) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara)


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Japanese ohakamairi / おはかまいり Japanese ritual visit to the tomb of one's ancestors (bringing flowers, burning incense, cleansing the tombstone)


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Japanese ihaiokegasu / いはいをけがす Japanese (exp,v5s) to disgrace one's ancestors; to tarnish the honour of one's ancestors


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Japanese fudai / ふだい Japanese (1) successive generations; (2) (abbreviation) (See 譜代大名) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara)



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Mandarin jué chū liǎng zǔ fǔ zàng / jue2 chu1 liang3 zu3 fu3 zang4
Taiwan chüeh ch`u liang tsu fu tsang / chüeh chu liang tsu fu tsang
Japanese kessui ryōso fuzō
to scoop out the guts of the two ancestors; to scoop out the guts of the two ancestors


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Japanese sosennoreiomatsuru / sosennoreomatsuru / そせんのれいをまつる Japanese (exp,v5r) to perform religious services for the departed souls of one's ancestors


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Japanese zushi / ずし Japanese (1) miniature shrine with double doors (used to store important Buddhist items such as sutras, etc.); (2) (See 厨子棚) cabinet with double doors (used by the nobility to store books, etc.); (3) (See 厨子甕) (in Okinawa) carved and decorated stone container for storing the bones of one's ancestors


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Japanese tamamatsuri / たままつり Japanese (See 霊祭・れいさい,盂蘭盆) ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)
This page contains 87 results for "ancestors" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary