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Start your custom “身” project by clicking the button next to your favorite “身” title below...

  1. Body

  2. Avatar

  3. Body and Mind

  4. Sacrifice / Devotion / Dedication

  5. Body and Earth in Unity

  6. Pledge of Lifelong Love

  7. Wellness

  8. Mind, Body and Spirit

  9. Example is Better than Precept

10. The Single Life

11. Be True to Yourself

12. Strong Mind Strong Body

13. Heart Sutra


China shēn
Japan mi
Body Vertical Wall Scroll

身 is how to write "body" as in your human body, in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and Korean Hanja. Depending on context and certain language issues, this character can also mean: main part, hull, oneself, somebody, person, I, me, sword, lifetime, one's station in life, etc.

While this written word is universal in three languages, it still makes a rather odd selection for a wall scroll. Also, they tend to use 体 (karada) in Japanese for body (depending on context).

See Also:  Karada


China huà shēn
Japan keshin
Avatar Vertical Wall Scroll

化身 is a way to say avatar in Chinese characters, Korean Hanja, and Japanese Kanji.

化身 is the original Buddhist idea of avatar (not the movie). 化身 can also mean: incarnation; reincarnation; embodiment; personification; impersonation.

化身 is the Chinese word used for the original Sanskrit, nirmāṇakāya. Alternates for nirmāṇakāya include 應身, 應化身, or 變化身. In the context of Buddhism, this is a Buddha's metamorphosic body, which has the power to assume any shape to propagate the Truth. This title, 化身, is used for the appearance of a Buddha's many forms.

Body and Mind

China shēn xīn
Japan shin shin
Body and Mind Vertical Wall Scroll

身心 means, "body and mind" or "mental and physical" in Chinese and Japanese.

In the Buddhist context, body and mind encompass the five elements (skandha) of a sentient being.
The body is the physical material (rūpa) of life. Mind embraces the other four skandhas which are consciousness, perception, action, and knowledge.

Sacrifice / Devotion / Dedication

(complete bodily devotion)
China xiàn shēn
Japan ken shin
Sacrifice / Devotion / Dedication Vertical Wall Scroll

獻身 is used to describe being so devoted to something that you will make sacrifices for that goal/thing/person. You can also translate this word as any of the following:

Give one's life for...
Sacrifice one's life for...
To dedicate oneself to...
Commit ones energy to...
Devote to...
Giving your whole body to...

This can be a dedication to or for someone but more often is used in reference to a dedication or making sacrifices for your country, public service, or a cause. For instance, an Olympic athlete makes great sacrifices to train in his/her sport for their country and compatriots.

While the form shown to the upper-left is considered an ancient Japanese version, in modern Japan, they use the simplified version of the first Kanji (shown to the right). Click on the Kanji at the right instead of the button above if you want this modern Japanese version.

If you are looking for a more religious meaning of devotion, see Faith.

See Also:  Confidence | Dedication

Body and Earth in Unity

Japan shindofuni / shindofuji
Body and Earth in Unity Vertical Wall Scroll

身土不二 (Shindofuni) is originally a Buddhist concept or proverb referring to the inseparability of body-mind and geographical circumstances.

身土不二 literally reads, "Body [and] earth [are] not two".

Other translations or matching ideas include:
Body and land are one.
Body and earth can not be separated.
Body earth sensory curation.
You are what you eat.
Indivisibility of the body and the land (because the body is made from food and food is made from the land).

Going further, this speaks of our human bodies and the land from which we get our food being closely connected. This phrase is used often when talking about natural and organic vegetables coming directly from the farm to provide the healthiest foods in Japan.

Character notes: 身(shin) in this context does not just mean your physical body rather a concept including both body and mind.
土 (do) refers to soil, earth, clay, land, or in some cases, locality. It's not the proper name of Earth, the planet. However, in can refer to the land or realm we live in.

Japanese note: This has been used in Japan, on and off since 1907 as a slogan for a governmental healthy eating campaign (usually pronounced as shindofuji instead of the original shindofuni in this context). It may have been hijacked from Buddhism for this propaganda purpose, but at least this is "healthy propaganda."

Korean note: The phrase 身土不二 was in use by 1610 A.D. in Korea where it can be found in an early medical journal.
In modern South Korea, it's written in Hangul as 신토불이. Korea used Chinese characters (same source for Japanese Kanji) as their only written standard form of the language until about a hundred years ago. Therefore, many Koreans will recognize 身土不二 as a native phrase and concept.

See Also:  Strength and Love in Unity

Pledge of Lifelong Love

China qíng dìng zhōng shēn
Pledge of Lifelong Love Vertical Wall Scroll

情定終身 is a pledge of eternal love in Chinese.

This can also be a colloquial way to refer to the act of exchanging marriage vows.

If you and your mate want to express how committed you are to your life-long love, this will be a great piece of calligraphy for your wall. Also, a nice phrase to celebrate an anniversary.


China shēn tǐ jiàn kāng
Japan shin tai ken kou
Wellness Vertical Wall Scroll

身體健康 is how to express "wellness" in Chinese. The meaning is not much different than the idea of "good health." In fact, the first two characters alone are often translated as "health." Some will also translate this title as "physical health."

If you want to fill your room with a feeling of wellness, this is the wall scroll for you.

身體健康 is also the ancient way to express wellness in Japanese Kanji and old Korean Hanja. The modern Japanese form is only different on the second Kanji but Koreans have completely changed their common writing system in the last 100 years.

See Also:  Health | Vitality

Mind, Body and Spirit

China shēn xīn líng
Japan mi shin rei
Mind, Body and Spirit Vertical Wall Scroll

This is probably the best way to express the idea of "Body, Mind and Spirit" in Chinese and old Korean Hanja. We are actually using the word for "heart" here because for thousands of years, the heart was thought to be the place where your thoughts, feelings and emotions came from. We do something similar in the west when we say "warm-hearted" or "I love you with all of my heart." In this context, heart = mind in Asian language and culture.

The very literal translation of these three characters is "body, heart & spirit" which could also be interpreted as "body mind & soul."

We have arranged these characters in this order because it simply "feels" like the proper order in the Chinese language. Word lists like this are not so common for calligraphy artwork, so we have to be careful to put them in the most natural order. It should be noted that this is not a common title in Asia, nor is it considered an actual phrase (as it lacks a clear subject, verb, and object).

霊In Japanese Kanji, they use an alternate form of the character for soul or spirit. If you want this using the Japanese alternate, please click on the Kanji shown to the right instead of the button above.

Japanese disclaimer: This is not a natural phrase/list in Japanese. While not totally-natural in Chinese, this word list is best if your audience is Chinese.

Example is Better than Precept

China shēn jiào shèng yú yán jiào
Example is Better than Precept Vertical Wall Scroll

Tell somebody how to do something and they might get it.
Show them how to do it and they will master it in no time.

This can also be translated as "Behavior teaches more than words."

See Also:  Wisdom

The Single Life

Japan do kushin ki zoku
The Single Life Vertical Wall Scroll

This Japanese proverb literally means "Single Aristocrat" or "Single Noble."

The understood meaning is that single people can live freely without a spouse or kids to support. To put it in an old cliché, they are footloose and fancy-free.

If you are a bachelor or bachelorette with few responsibilities and just a thirst for freedom and a worry-free life, this could be the title for you.

Be True to Yourself

Japan jibun jishin ni chuujitsu de aru
Be True to Yourself Vertical Wall Scroll

This is, "be true to yourself" in Japanese.

You could also translate this as "be true to oneself."

Note: Because this selection contains some special Japanese Hiragana characters, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.

Strong Mind Strong Body

China qiáng zhuàng de shēn tǐ jiān qiáng de xīn tài
Strong Mind Strong Body Vertical Wall Scroll

This is the Chinese phrase for "Strong Mind, Strong Body," however, the character order is actually "Strong Body, Strong Mind," as that's the more natural word order in Chinese.

Heart Sutra

Heart Sutra Vertical Wall Scroll

This is the short version of the Heart Sutra as translated by Xuanzang. It is often cited as the best-known and most popular of all Buddhist scriptures.

Notes: There are too many characters for this to be done by the economy calligrapher. You must choose a Master Calligrapher.

With this many characters, and the fact that one tiny mistake wipes out hours of work, keep in mind that writing the Heart Sutra is usually a full day of work for a calligrapher. This work and personal energy should be cherished and respected. In other words, the calligrapher is not charging enough money for the value that you are getting here.

Not the results for 身 that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin shēn / shen1
Taiwan shen
Japanese mi / み
Heart Sutra Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese body; life; oneself; personally; one's morality and conduct; the main part of a structure or body; pregnant; classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset; Kangxi radical 158
Japanese (1) body; (2) oneself; (3) one's place; one's position; (4) main part; meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.); wood (as opposed to bark); blade (as opposed to its handle); container (as opposed to its lid); (surname) Misaki
kāya; tanu; deha. The body; the self.; Two forms of body; there are numerous pairs, e. g. (1) (a) 分段 The varied forms of the karmic or ordinary mortal body, or being; (b) 變易 the transformable, or spiritual body. (2) (a) 生 The earthly body of the Buddha; (b) 化 hinirmāṇakāya, which may take any form at will. (3) (a) 生 his earthly body; (b) 法 his moral and mental nature—a Hīnayāna definition, but Mahāyāna takes his earthly nirmāṇakāya as the 生 and his dharmakāya or that and his saṃbhogakāya as 法. (4) 眞應二 The dharmakāya and nirmāṇakāya. (5) (a) 實相 The absolute truth, or light, of the Buddha, i. e. the dharmakāya; (b) 爲物 the functioning or temporal body. (6) (a) 眞 the dharmakāya and saṃbhogakāya; (b) 化 the nirmāṇakāya. (7) (a) 常 his permanent or eternal body; (b) 無常 his temporal body. (8) (a) 實 and 化 idem 二色.


see styles
Mandarin huà shēn / hua4 shen1
Taiwan hua shen
Japanese keshin / けしん
Heart Sutra Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese incarnation; reincarnation; embodiment (of abstract idea); personification
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) {Buddh} incarnation; impersonation; personification; avatar
nirmāṇakāya, 應, 應化; 變化 The third characteristic or power of the trikāya 三, a Buddha's metamorphosic body, which has power to assume any shape to propagate the Truth. Some interpret the term as connoting pan-Buddha, that all nature in its infinite variety is the phenomenal 佛 Buddha-body. A narrower interpretation is his appearance in human form expressed by 應, while 化 is used for his manifold other forms of appearances.


see styles
Japanese kenshin / けんしん
Heart Sutra Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun/participle) dedication; devotion



see styles
Mandarin xiàn shēn / xian4 shen1
Taiwan hsien shen
Chinese to commit one's energy to; to devote oneself to; to sacrifice one's life for; (coll.) (of a woman) to give one's virginity to
Japanese See: 献身


see styles
Mandarin shēn xīn / shen1 xin1
Taiwan shen hsin
Japanese shinjin / しんじん    shinshin / しんしん
Heart Sutra Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese body and mind; mental and physical
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) mind and body
Body and mind, the direct fruit of the previous life. The body is rūpa, the first skandha; mind embraces the other four, consciousness, perception, action, and knowledge; v. 五蘊.



see styles
Mandarin qíng dìng zhōng shēn / qing2 ding4 zhong1 shen1
Taiwan ch`ing ting chung shen / ching ting chung shen
Chinese to pledge eternal love (idiom); to exchange marriage vows


see styles
Japanese shindofuni / しんどふに    shindofuji / しんどふじ
Heart Sutra Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese {Buddh} (See 正報,依報) inseparability of body-mind and geographical circumstances; you are what you eat; slogan encouraging consumption of local seasonal foods for one's health; indivisibility of the body and the land (because the body is made from food and food is made from the land)



see styles
Mandarin shēn jiào shèng yú yán jiào / shen1 jiao4 sheng4 yu2 yan2 jiao4
Taiwan shen chiao sheng yü yen chiao
Chinese teaching by example beats explaining in words (idiom); action speaks louder than words


see styles
Mandarin yī shēn / yi1 shen1
Taiwan i shen
Japanese isshin / いっしん    ichimi / いちみ
Chinese whole body; from head to toe; single person; a suit of clothes
Japanese oneself; one's own interests; throughout the body; partisans; gang; conspirators; (female given name) Kazumi; (surname) Itsushin; (given name) Isshin
a single person


see styles
Mandarin sān shēn / san1 shen1
Taiwan san shen
Japanese sanjin;sanshin / さんじん;さんしん
Japanese {Buddh} trikaya (three bodies of the Buddha); (surname) Sanmi
trikāya. 三寶 The threefold body or nature of a Buddha, i.e. the 法, 報, and 化, or dharmakāya, sambhogakāya, and nirmāṇakāya. The three are defined as 自性, 受用, and 變化, the Buddha-body per se, or in its essential nature; his body of bliss, which he "receives" for his own "use" and enjoyment; and his body of transformation, by which he can appear in any form; i.e. spiritual, or essential; glorified; revealed. While the doctrine of the trikāya is a Mahāyāna concept, it partly results from the Hīnayāna idealization of the earthly Buddha with his thirty-two signs, eighty physical marks, clairvoyance, clairaudience, holiness, purity, wisdom, pity, etc. Mahāyāna, however, proceeded to conceive of Buddha as the Universal, the All, with infinity of forms, yet above all our concepts of unity or diversity. To every Buddha Mahāyāna attributed a three-fold body: that of essential Buddha; that of joy or enjoyment of the fruits of his past saving labours; that of power to transform himself at will to any shape for omnipresent salvation of those who need him. The trinity finds different methods of expression, e.g. Vairocana is entitled 法, the embodiment of the Law, shining everywhere, enlightening all; Locana is 報; c.f. 三賓, the embodiment of purity and bliss; Śākyamuni is 化 or Buddha revealed. In the esoteric sect they are 法 Vairocana, 報 Amitābha, and 化 Śākyamuni. The 三賓 are also 法 dharma, 報 saṅgha, 化 buddha. Nevertheless, the three are considered as a trinity, the three being essentially one, each in the other. (1) 法 Dharmakāya in its earliest conception was that of the body of the dharma, or truth, as preached by Śākyamuni; later it became his mind or soul in contrast with his material body. In Mādhyamika, the dharmakāya was the only reality, i.e. the void, or the immateria1, the ground of all phenomena; in other words, the 眞如 the tathāgatagarbha, the bhūtatathatā. According to the Huayan (Kegon) School it is the 理or noumenon, while the other two are氣or phenomenal aspects. "For the Vijñānavāda... the body of the law as highest reality is the void intelligence, whose infection (saṃkleҫa) results in the process of birth and death, whilst its purification brings about Nirvāṇa, or its restoration to its primitive transparence" (Keith). The "body of the law is the true reality of everything". Nevertheless, in Mahāyāna every Buddha has his own 法; e.g. in the dharmakāya aspect we have the designation Amitābha, who in his saṃbhogakāya aspect is styled Amitāyus. (2) 報Sambhogakāya, a Buddha's reward body, or body of enjoyment of the merits he attained as a bodhisattva; in other words, a Buddha in glory in his heaven. This is the form of Buddha as an object of worship. It is defined in two aspects, (a) 自受用 for his own bliss, and (b) 他受用 for the sake of others, revealing himself in his glory to bodhisattvas, enlightening and inspiring them. By wisdom a Buddha's dharmakāya is attained, by bodhisattva-merits his saṃbhogakāya. Not only has every Buddha all the three bodies or aspects, but as all men are of the same essence, or nature, as Buddhas, they are therefore potential Buddhas and are in and of the trikāya. Moreover, trikāya is not divided, for a Buddha in his 化 is still one with his 法 and 報, all three bodies being co-existent. (3) 化; 應; 應化 nirmāṇakāya, a Buddha's transformation, or miraculous body, in which he appears at will and in any form outside his heaven, e.g. as Śākyamuni among men; three bodies [of the Buddha]


see styles
Mandarin shàng shēn / shang4 shen1
Taiwan shang shen
Japanese jōshin
Chinese upper part of the body
upper body


see styles
Mandarin xià shēn / xia4 shen1
Taiwan hsia shen
Chinese lower part of the body; genitalia; trousers


see styles
Japanese nakami / なかみ Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) contents; interior; substance; filling; (sword) blade


see styles
Mandarin èr shēn / er4 shen1
Taiwan erh shen
Japanese nishin
two bodies


see styles
Mandarin wǔ shēn / wu3 shen1
Taiwan wu shen
Japanese goshin
see 五種法; five bodies


see styles
Mandarin wáng shēn / wang2 shen1
Taiwan wang shen
Japanese mōshin
to abandon oneself


see styles
Mandarin rén shēn / ren2 shen1
Taiwan jen shen
Japanese jinshin;hitomi / じんしん;ひとみ
Chinese person; personal; human body
Japanese the human body; one's person
The human body, or person.


see styles
Mandarin jīn shēn / jin1 shen1
Taiwan chin shen
Japanese konjin
present body


see styles
Japanese busshin / ぶっしん Japanese {Buddh} buddhakaya (the body of Buddha)


see styles
Mandarin tā shēn / ta1 shen1
Taiwan t`a shen / ta shen
Japanese tashin
other persons


see styles
Mandarin fú shēn / fu2 shen1
Taiwan fu shen
Japanese busshin
buddhakāya, a general term for the trikāya, or threefold embodiment of Buddha. There are numerous categories or forms of the buddhakāya; buddha's (physical) body


see styles
Mandarin yī shēn / yi1 shen1
Taiwan i shen
Japanese eshin
The body on which one depends, or on which its parts depend, cf. 依他; body as basis


see styles
Japanese hoshin / ほしん Japanese self-protection; (personal name) Yasumi


see styles
Mandarin xiū shēn / xiu1 shen1
Taiwan hsiu shen
Japanese shuushin / shushin / しゅうしん
Chinese to cultivate one's moral character; (fashion) slim-fit; body-hugging
Japanese morals; ethics; moral training; (personal name) Masami; (given name) Shuushin; (surname, female given name) Osami


see styles
Mandarin fǔ shēn / fu3 shen1
Taiwan fu shen
Chinese to lean over; to bend over; to stoop; to bow


see styles
Mandarin jiàn shēn / jian4 shen1
Taiwan chien shen
Chinese to exercise; to keep fit; to work out; physical exercise



see styles
Mandarin cè shēn / ce4 shen1
Taiwan ts`e shen / tse shen
Chinese (to stand or move) sideways



see styles
Mandarin wěi shēn / wei3 shen1
Taiwan wei shen
Japanese gishin
mistakenly seeing the body as an individual



see styles
Mandarin xiōng shēn / xiong1 shen1
Taiwan hsiung shen
Chinese demon; fiend



see styles
Mandarin nèi shēn / nei4 shen1
Taiwan nei shen
Japanese naishin

Search for in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Bodymishēn / shen1 / shen
Avatar化身keshinhuà shēn / hua4 shen1 / hua shen / huashen
Body and Mind身心shin shin / shinshinshēn xīn / shen1 xin1 / shen xin / shenxinshen hsin / shenhsin
ken shin / kenshinxiàn shēn
xian4 shen1
xian shen
hsien shen
Body and Earth in Unity身土不二shindofuni / shindofuji
Pledge of Lifelong Love情定終身
qíng dìng zhōng shēn
qing2 ding4 zhong1 shen1
qing ding zhong shen
ch`ing ting chung shen
ching ting chung shen
shin tai ken kou
shin tai ken ko
shēn tǐ jiàn kāng
shen1 ti3 jian4 kang1
shen ti jian kang
shen t`i chien k`ang
shen ti chien kang
Mind, Body and Spirit身心靈 / 身心霊
mi shin rei
shēn xīn líng
shen1 xin1 ling2
shen xin ling
shen hsin ling
Example is Better than Precept身教勝於言教
shēn jiào shèng yú yán jiào
shen1 jiao4 sheng4 yu2 yan2 jiao1
shen jiao sheng yu yan jiao
shen chiao sheng yü yen chiao
The Single Life独身貴族 / 獨身貴族
do kushin ki zoku
Be True to Yourself自分自身に忠実であるjibun jishin ni chuujitsu de aru
jibun jishin ni chujitsu de aru
Strong Mind Strong Body強壯的身體堅強的心態
qiáng zhuàng de shēn tǐ jiān qiáng de xīn tài
qiang2 zhuang4 de shen1 ti3 jian1 qiang2 de xin1 tai4
qiang zhuang de shen ti jian qiang de xin tai
ch`iang chuang te shen t`i chien ch`iang te hsin t`ai
chiang chuang te shen ti chien chiang te hsin tai
Heart Sutra觀自在菩薩行深般若波羅蜜多時照見五蘊皆空度一切苦厄舍利子色不異空空不異色色即是空空即是色受想行識亦復如是舍利子是諸法空相不生不滅不垢不淨不增不減是故空中無色無受想行識無眼耳鼻舌身意無色聲香味觸法無眼界乃至無意識界無無明亦無無明盡乃至無老死亦無老死盡無苦集滅道無智亦無得以無所得故菩提薩埵依般若波羅蜜多故心無罣礙無罣礙故無有恐怖遠離顛倒夢想究竟涅盤三世諸佛依般若波羅蜜多故得阿耨多羅三藐三菩提故知般若波羅蜜多是大神咒是大明咒是無上咒是無等等咒能除一切苦真實不虛故說般若波羅蜜多咒即說咒曰揭諦揭諦波羅揭諦波羅僧揭諦菩提薩婆訶
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.

A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

2 people have searched for in Chinese or Japanese in the past year.
was last searched for by someone else on Apr 20th, 2018