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Ancient Chinese Warrior Mu Guiying Wall Scroll

Ancient Chinese Warrior Mu Guiying Wall Scroll
Ancient Chinese Warrior Mu Guiying Wall Scroll

Approximate Measurements

Artwork Panel: 28.1cm x 51.7cm  ≈  11" x 20¼"

Silk/Brocade: 37.3cm x 114.5cm  ≈  14¾" x 45"

Width at Wooden Knobs: 46.3cm  ≈  18¼"

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Ancient Chinese Warrior Mu Guiying
Woman General of The House of Yang

Fine Art Giclee Print Reproduction

Ancient Chinese Warrior Mu Guiying Wall Scroll close up view

Close up view of the warrior artwork mounted to this silk brocade wall scroll




Please note that the true story of Mu Guiying has several variations. It has been retold many times and is featured in a famous Peking Opera. The following is my short version of the story which I believe is historically correct.

Some Background

The Song Dynasty Army was in a tight battle with the forces of a nomad militia commanded by Great Liao from China's northern borders. The Great Liao sought the advice of a famous military tactician, Lu Zhong who devised an invincible battle formation known as "Tianmen Zhen" or "The Heavenly Gate". This formation involved 72 sections and was believed to be invincible.

The Great Liao dared the Song army to defeat the formation within 100 days. Otherwise, they had to surrender their recently unified motherland to the Great Liao.

The whole Song Army was commanded by generals that all belonged to the House of Yang. Each member of the House of Yang fought with great vigor against the invading forces.

Sadly, they were sabotaged by a faction in the Song Court and distrusted by the Song Emperor.

Eventually, the Song Army headed by the House of Yang were defeated by the Great Liao. There were great losses including five of the eight generals of Yang (all brothers).

Of the three surviving generals, one was captured by the forces of Great Liao, and became the son-in-law of Liao (more common than you might imagine - as captured officers of high rank often joined the army of their captors as an honorable gesture and to save face after defeat).

Another general quit and went on a pilgrimage and eventually becoming a monk.

Yang Yanzhao was the only remaining brother, and therefore became the commanding general. The positions of the lost generals were now taken by all the women of the family.

These new generals included Yang Yanzhao's mother, wife, two sisters, and three of his brothers' widows. They are known in China as, "The Women Generals of Yang".

Mu Guiying's Story

General Yang Yanzhao's teenaged son, Yang Zongbao was sent on a mission to seek out the daughter of a military tactician who was rumored to have the secret to breaking the Heavenly Gate formation.

The girl that he was sent to find was none other than a 19-year-old girl named Mu Guiying.

Yang Zongbao came across a few women in a forest, not realizing that one of them was the woman he sought.

The women toyed with him, and Mu Guiying finally revealed her identity but refused to give up the secret of defeating the Heavenly Gate unless he could beat her in a series of fighting duels. The penalty for losing would be that he would have to marry her.

What the young Yang Yanzhao did not realize was that in this rather chivalrous period in China, Mu Guiying was not only a cunning warrior but was choosing her own husband.

He lost all three duels, secretly married Mu Guiying, and returned, empty-handed, and a day late.

Upon his return, his father was furious with his son and ordered his execution for being tardy and not fulfilling his orders.

Mu Guiying heard about the execution order and came to General Yang Yanzhao's headquarters to plead for her new husband's like.

Of course, General Yang Yanzhao's knew about the secret wedding, and his plan was to draw out Mu Guiying, and never to actually execute his son.

The General demanded that Mu Guiying give him the secret to defeating the Heavenly Gate. Through some negotiation, she agreed and took charge of the army.

Rather than fight in a decisive battle, she sent forces to the flank to burn and destroy the food and supplies of the forces. Since no force can maintain a protracted battle without supplies, they would need to depend on strong supply lines from a base. Mu Gui-Yang knew this, and sent forces to simultaneously attack the base city of the Liao army, and cut off the supply line.

The forces of Great Liao now starving, and without any way to replenish arrows, and other weapons on the battlefield, were soundly defeated.

After defeating Great Liao, the Song Emperor bestowed the official title of General upon Mu Guiying and threw a proper and royal wedding for Mu Guiying and Yang Zongbao.

in China, she is as famous, or perhaps more famous than Hua Mulan (who is only known in the western world from the Mulan Disney movie).

Legend has it that she remained a Commanding General in the Song Army well into her 80's

She was a tough yet feminine woman throughout her life. One legend has it that she led the army in battle while pregnant, and gave birth to her son, Yang Wenguang on the battlefield.

About the Art

I printed this using a fine art giclee printer on handmade mulberry paper.
This print was then taken to my mounting shop in Beijing where a hand-made silk wall scroll was created.
This wall scroll then flew with me from China to the USA and is now located at my San Diego, California gallery, ready to be shipped to you.
I paid a license fee to the artist for permission to produce this print. A hand-painted version would be priced at about $300.

This item was listed or modified
Jul 18th, 2018

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Gary's random little things about China:

Vehicular and Pedestrian Yielding Quotient

When crossing a street, or merely making your way down the road, there is a certain law of physics that comes into play: When two forces meet, one must yield.

Here is the general yielding scheme in China:

Cars yield to big buses and trucks.

Bicycles and cars mingle and narrowly avoid each other. When push comes to shove, the bicyclist knows he will lose the fight. But the car driver knows that the bicycle will scratch his car when he runs it over, and will only yield on that premise.

Cars will not yield to, but are required to avoid pedestrians. When you hit a pedestrian at low speed, it does very little damage, and unlike a bicycle, will almost never scratch your car. Therefore pedestrians are given a smaller margin.
Note: Regardless of green or red stop lights, it is against the law to come to a complete stop when making a right hand turn in China (no matter how many pedestrians are in the way). The rule is "honk and avoid, then continue on your way".

Motor scooters yield to no one, not even when they are being driven on a pedestrian-filled sidewalk. Motor scooters zip around like they have nothing to lose - this may be true, as smaller motor scooters require no license of any kind and are very cheap.

If you are driving on the wrong side of the road, or going the wrong way on a one-way street, you do not have to yield to anyone, no matter what kind of vehicle you are operating.

Cars will yield (not by choice) to pedestrians crossing the street in numbers greater than 10 (it is best in China to invite 9 of your friends for an outing if you plan to cross a lot of streets).

In lieu of yielding, drivers are required to honk at pedestrians. I swear to God, this is the law! It's a safety issue: If you are passing a pedestrian that is walking on the side of the road, you are required by law to honk at them to let them know you are there.
Note: All streets in Chinese cities, sound like a New York traffic jam 24 hours per day with all this "safety honking".

I have not been able to find a traffic law that states you must yield to ambulances. And in practice, very few drivers do.

When two large vehicles come face to face on a narrow roadway, and neither can pass, neither will yield. They will sit there, honking at each other for a while. After several cars are lined up behind them, they will decide that they should have yielded earlier, and start to back up. This is to the great dismay of all the cars behind them who will honk in unison. This could go on for an hour or more. It ends when a police officer arrives, tells both drivers what idiots they are, issues tickets to both of them, and then systematically makes the situation worse by insisting that all the smaller cars turn around (rather than back up) by making 162-point turns in the small roadway. Eventually, two of the cars will hit each other, for which both drivers will be cited and fined on the spot.

Typical Gallery Price: $200.00

Your Price: $58.88