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Martial arts term
八卦掌 is the title Baguazhang, a form of Chinese boxing.
Literally translated, this means “Eight Trigrams Palm.
You will see this romanized as “Ba Gua Zhang,” or “Pa Kua Chang” (same characters, just different romanization used in mainland China versus Taiwan).
八卦掌 is also known in Japan as hakkeshou or hakkesho.
Past events not forgotten serve as teachers for later events.
The most literal translation to English of this ancient 前事不忘后事之师 Chinese proverb is:
“Past events not forgotten serve as teachers for later events.”
However, it's been translated several ways:
Don't forget past events, they can guide you in the future.
Benefit from past experience.
Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.
Past calamity is my teacher.
A good memory for the past is a teacher for the future.
The remembrance of the past is the teacher of the future.
If one remembers the lessons of the past; They will serve as a guide to avoid mistakes in the future.
This proverb comes from the 5th century B.C., just before the Warring States Period in the territory now known as China.
The head of the State of Jin, Zhi Bo, seized power in a coup. He did this with help from the armies of the State of Han and Wei. Instead of being grateful for the help from Han and Wei, he treacherously took the land of Han and Wei. Never satisfied, Zhi Bo employed the armies of Han and Wei to attack and seize the State of Zhao.
The king of Zhao took advice from his minister Zhang Mengtan and secretly contacted the Han and Wei armies to reverse their plans and attack the army of Zhi Bo instead. The plan was successful, and the State of Zhao was not only saved but was set to become a powerful kingdom in the region.
Zhang Mengtan immediately submitted his resignation to a confused king of Zhao. When asked why, Zhang Mengtan said, “I've done my duty to save my kingdom, but looking back at past experience, I know sovereign kings are never satisfied with the power or land at hand. They will join others and fight for more power and more land. I must learn from past experiences, as those experiences are the teachers of future events.”
The king could not dispute the logic in that statement and accepted Zhang Mengtan's resignation.
For generations, the State of Zhao continued to fight for power and land until finally defeated and decimated by the State of Qin (which led to the birth of the Qin Dynasty in 221 B.C.).
This is a Chinese surname that romanizes as Zhang, but in Taiwan or old romanization can be Cheung.
This can also be the Japanese surnames Harisaki, Hari, Hara, Tsuan, Chou, Cho, Chiyan, Chiyau, Chan, Chian, Sun, Jin, Jiyon, Jiyan, Zan, San, or Kin.
The meaning of this character can be: to open up; to spread; sheet of paper; classifier for flat objects; sheet; classifier for votes.
This in-stock artwork might be what you are looking for, and ships right away...
Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your zhang fei search...
If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese
|Simple Dictionary Definition
| zhāng fēi
chouhi / chohi
Zhang Fei (168-221), general of Shu and blood-brother of Liu Bei in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, famous as fearsome fighter and lover of wine
More info & calligraphy:Zhang Fei
(personal name) Chōhi
| wǔ hǔ jiàng
wu3 hu3 jiang4
wu hu chiang
Liu Bei's five great generals in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, namely: Guan Yu 關羽|关羽, Zhang Fei 張飛|张飞, Zhao Yun 趙雲|赵云, Ma Chao 馬超|马超, Huang Zhong 黃忠|黄忠
| zhāng fēi dǎ yuè fēi
zhang1 fei1 da3 yue4 fei1
chang fei ta yüeh fei
lit. Zhang Fei fights Yue Fei; fig. an impossible combination; an impossible turn of events (idiom)
| táo yuán sān jié yì
tao2 yuan2 san1 jie2 yi4
t`ao yüan san chieh i
tao yüan san chieh i
Oath of the Peach Garden, sworn by Liu Bei 劉備|刘备[Liu2 Bei4], Zhang Fei 張飛|张飞[Zhang1 Fei1] and Guan Yu 關羽|关羽[Guan1 Yu3] at the start of the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义[San1 guo2 Yan3 yi4]
The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Romaji (Romanized Japanese)
|Various forms of Romanized Chinese
|Ba Gua Zhang
|hakkeshou / hakesho
|bā guà zhǎng
ba1 gua4 zhang3
ba gua zhang
|pa kua chang
|Past experience is the teacher for the future
|qián shì bú wàng hòu shí zhī shī
qian2 shi4 bu2 wang4 hou4 shi2 zhi1 shi1
qian shi bu wang hou shi zhi shi
|ch`ien shih pu wang hou shih chih shih
chien shih pu wang hou shih chih shih
|chou / cho
|zhāng / zhang1 / zhang
|chou hi / chouhi / cho hi
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.
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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.
When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.
Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!
When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.
The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.
Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.
There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.
Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.
The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.
Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.
Some people may refer to this entry as Zhang Fei Kanji, Zhang Fei Characters, Zhang Fei in Mandarin Chinese, Zhang Fei Characters, Zhang Fei in Chinese Writing, Zhang Fei in Japanese Writing, Zhang Fei in Asian Writing, Zhang Fei Ideograms, Chinese Zhang Fei symbols, Zhang Fei Hieroglyphics, Zhang Fei Glyphs, Zhang Fei in Chinese Letters, Zhang Fei Hanzi, Zhang Fei in Japanese Kanji, Zhang Fei Pictograms, Zhang Fei in the Chinese Written-Language, or Zhang Fei in the Japanese Written-Language.
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