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Duke in Chinese / Japanese...

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Drain the pond to get all the fish

Kill the goose that lays the golden eggs
jié zé ér yú
Drain the pond to get all the fish Scroll

In 632 BC, Duke Wen of the Kingdom of Jin was about to lead an army against the forces of the Kingdom of Chu.
The Duke asked one of his advisers, Jiu Fan, how they could possibly win the impending battle, as they were drastically outnumbered.
Jiu Fan said, "All is fair in war", and went on to suggest a plan of dishonorable tactics (cheating).
The Duke was not sure of this advice, so he asked another adviser, Yong Ji, who replied, "If you catch fish by draining the pond, you can certainly get all the fish. But there will be no fish the following year. You can cheat this one time in battle but such tactics can only be used once, as the enemy will be wise in future encounters".

The Duke heard the words of his wiser adviser but cheated to gain victory in the battle. However, he rewarded Yong Ji more than Jiu Fan at the victory celebration, stating that while Jiu Fan's advice gained one victory, the wise words of Yong Ji would last forever.

This Chinese idiom/proverb is still used, over 2600 years later to remind people not to burn bridges, cheat, or dishonor oneself in exchange for a short term gain, while sacrificing the future.

竭澤而漁 is very similar to the meaning of the English phrase, "Kill the goose that lays the golden eggs".

guān yǔ
Guan Yu Scroll

關羽 is the name Guan Yu, Army General for the Kingdom of Shu.

He is also known as Guan Gong (like saying Duke Guan or Sir Guan)

He was immortalized in the novel, "Romance of the Three Kingdoms".

He was a fearsome fighter, also famous for his virtue and loyalty. He is worshiped by some modern-day soldiers and has the title "Warrior Saint" in China. Some believe he offers safety and protection for military servicemen.

Guan Yu lived until 219 A.D.

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersVarious forms of Romanized Chinese
Drain the pond to get all the fish竭澤而漁
jié zé ér yú
jie2 ze2 er2 yu2
jie ze er yu
chieh tse erh yü
Guan Yu關羽
guān yǔ / guan1 yu3 / guan yu / guanyukuan yü / kuanyü
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Not the results for duke that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your duke search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
 kou / ko
public; collectively owned; common; international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar); make public; fair; just; Duke, highest of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wu3 deng3 jue2 wei4]; honorable (gentlemen); father-in-law; male (animal)
(n,suf) (1) (See 私・し) public matter; governmental matter; (n,suf) (2) prince; duke; (n,n-suf) (3) lord; sir; (suffix noun) (4) (after a name, etc.) familiar or derogatory suffix; (given name) Hiromu
Public, general, official; a duke, grandparent, gentleman; just, fair; public

see styles
(old) jade tablet or scepter held by a duke at ceremonies


see styles
 kouhi / kohi
noble's consort; consort of a prince; consort of a duke; duchess; princess; (female given name) Kimihi


see styles
gōng jué
    gong1 jue2
kung chüeh
 koushaku / koshaku
duke; dukedom
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (See 五等爵) prince; duke


see styles
liè hóu
    lie4 hou2
lieh hou
 rekkou / rekko
duke (old); nobleman; gentry
many daimyo


see styles
zhōu gōng
    zhou1 gong1
chou kung
 shuukou / shuko
Duke of Zhou (11th c. BC), son of King Wen of Zhou 周文王[Zhou1 Wen2 wang2], played an important role as regent in founding the Western Zhou 西周[Xi1 Zhou1], and is also known as the "God of Dreams"
(personal name) Shuukou


see styles
dà gōng
    da4 gong1
ta kung
 taikou / taiko
grand duke; impartial
(noun - becomes adjective with の) archduke



see styles
duì dǎ
    dui4 da3
tui ta
to spar; to fight; to duke it out


see styles
lǐ jìng
    li3 jing4
li ching
 risei / rise
Li Jing (570-649 AD), Tang Dynasty general and purported author of "Duke Li of Wei Answering Emperor Taizong of Tang" 唐太宗李衛公問對|唐太宗李卫公问对[Tang2 Tai4 zong1 Li3 Wei4 Gong1 Wen4 dui4], one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书[Wu3 jing1 Qi1 shu1]
(personal name) Risei


see styles
 kankou / kanko
(person) Duke Huan (Qi ruler) (685-643 BC)


see styles
pèi gōng
    pei4 gong1
p`ei kung
    pei kung
 haikou / haiko
Duke of Pei (i.e. 劉邦|刘邦[Liu2 Bang1])
(personal name) Haikou


see styles
jué wèi
    jue2 wei4
chüeh wei
order of feudal nobility, namely: Duke 公[gong1], Marquis 侯[hou2], Count 伯[bo2], Viscount 子[zi3], Baron 男[nan2]
peerage; court rank


see styles
léi gōng
    lei2 gong1
lei kung
 raikou / raiko
Lei Gong or Duke of Thunder, the God of Thunder in Chinese mythology


see styles
jiè zhī tuī
    jie4 zhi1 tui1
chieh chih t`ui
    chieh chih tui
Jie Zhitui (7th century BC), legendary selfless subject of Duke Wen of Jin 晉文公|晋文公[Jin4 Wen2 gong1], in whose honor the Qingming festival 清明[Qing1 ming2] (Pure brightness or tomb-sweeping festival) is said to have been initiated



see styles
wēi líng dùn
    wei1 ling2 dun4
wei ling tun
Wellington, capital of New Zealand (Tw); Wellington (name); Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington (1769-1851)


see styles
sòng xiāng gōng
    song4 xiang1 gong1
sung hsiang kung
Duke Xiang of Song (reigned 650-637 BC), sometimes considered one of the Five Hegemons 春秋五霸



see styles
jìn wén gōng
    jin4 wen2 gong1
chin wen kung
Duke Wen of Jin (697-628 BC, reigned 636-628 BC), one of the Five Hegemons 春秋五霸[Chun1 qiu1 Wu3 ba4]



see styles
lǐ wèi gōng
    li3 wei4 gong1
li wei kung
Li Wei Gong; Duke Li of Wei, official title of Li Jing 李靖[Li3 Jing4]


see styles
qín xiào gōng
    qin2 xiao4 gong1
ch`in hsiao kung
    chin hsiao kung
Duke Xiao of Qin, 秦國|秦国[Qin2 guo2], ruled 361-338 BC during the Warring States Period


see styles
qín mù gōng
    qin2 mu4 gong1
ch`in mu kung
    chin mu kung
Duke Mu of Qin, the first substantial king of Qin (ruled 659-621 BC), sometimes considered one of the Five Hegemons 春秋五霸



see styles
qí huán gōng
    qi2 huan2 gong1
ch`i huan kung
    chi huan kung
Duke Huan of Qi (reigned 685-643 BC), one of the Five Hegemons 春秋五霸


see styles
 deuuku / deuku
duke; (personal name) Duke


see styles
wǔ děng jué wèi
    wu3 deng3 jue2 wei4
wu teng chüeh wei
five orders of feudal nobility, namely: Duke 公[gong1], Marquis 侯[hou2], Count 伯[bo2], Viscount 子[zi3], Baron 男[nan2]


see styles
chūn qiū wǔ bà
    chun1 qiu1 wu3 ba4
ch`un ch`iu wu pa
    chun chiu wu pa
the Five Hegemons of the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC), namely: Duke Huan of Qi 齊桓公|齐桓公[Qi2 Huan2 gong1], Duke Wen of Jin 晉文公|晋文公[Jin4 Wen2 gong1], King Zhuang of Chu 楚莊王|楚庄王[Chu3 Zhuang1 wang2], and alternatively Duke Xiang of Song 宋襄公[Song4 Xiang1 gong1] and Duke Mu of Qin 秦穆公[Qin2 Mu4 gong1] or King Helu of Wu 吳王闔閭|吴王阖闾[Wu2 wang2 He2 Lu:2] and King Gou Jian of Yue 越王勾踐|越王勾践[Yue4 wang2 Gou1 Jian4]



see styles
wǔ jīng qī shū
    wu3 jing1 qi1 shu1
wu ching ch`i shu
    wu ching chi shu
Seven Military Classics of ancient China viz "Six Secret Strategic Teachings" 六韜|六韬[Liu4 tao1], "Methods of Sima" 司馬法|司马法[Si1 ma3 Fa3], "The Art of War" 孫子兵法|孙子兵法[Sun1 zi3 Bing1 fa3], "Wuzi" 吳子|吴子[Wu2 zi3], "Wei Liaozi" 尉繚子|尉缭子[Wei4 Liao2 zi5], "Three Strategies of Huang Shigong" 黃石公三略|黄石公三略[Huang2 Shi2 gong1 San1 lu:e4] and "Duke Li of Wei Answering Emperor Taizong of Tang" 唐太宗李衛公問對|唐太宗李卫公问对[Tang2 Tai4 zong1 Li3 Wei4 Gong1 Wen4 dui4]



see styles
yù rén chuī xiāo
    yu4 ren2 chui1 xiao1
yü jen ch`ui hsiao
    yü jen chui hsiao
virtuoso piper wins a beauty; the xiao 簫|箫[xiao1] (mouth organ) virtuoso 蕭史|萧史[Xiao1 Shi3] won for his wife the beautiful daughter of Duke Mu of Qin 秦穆公[Qin2 Mu4 gong1]



see styles
lí jī zhī luàn
    li2 ji1 zhi1 luan4
li chi chih luan
Li Ji Rebellion in 657-651 BC, where concubine Li Ji tried to throne her son but was eventually defeated by Duke Wen of Jin 晉文公|晋文公[Jin4 Wen2 gong1]


see styles
 deuukudaigaku / deukudaigaku
(place-name) Duke University


see styles
 patideuuku / patideuku
(personal name) Patty Duke



see styles
táng tài zōng lǐ wèi gōng wèn duì
    tang2 tai4 zong1 li3 wei4 gong1 wen4 dui4
t`ang t`ai tsung li wei kung wen tui
    tang tai tsung li wei kung wen tui
"Duke Li of Wei Answering Emperor Taizong of Tang", military treatise attributed to Li Jing 李靖[Li3 Jing4] and one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书[Wu3 jing1 Qi1 shu1]

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Guan Yu Scroll
Guan Yu Scroll
Guan Yu Scroll
Guan Yu Scroll

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Guan Yu Vertical Portrait
Guan Yu Horizontal Wall Scroll
Guan Yu Vertical Portrait

Lookup Duke in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

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When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Duke Kanji, Duke Characters, Duke in Mandarin Chinese, Duke Characters, Duke in Chinese Writing, Duke in Japanese Writing, Duke in Asian Writing, Duke Ideograms, Chinese Duke symbols, Duke Hieroglyphics, Duke Glyphs, Duke in Chinese Letters, Duke Hanzi, Duke in Japanese Kanji, Duke Pictograms, Duke in the Chinese Written-Language, or Duke in the Japanese Written-Language.

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Duke was last searched for by someone else on Oct 10th, 2021