Free Chinese & Japanese Online Dictionary

If you enter English words, search is Boolean mode:
Enter fall to get just entries with fall in them.
Enter fall* to get results including "falling" and "fallen".
Enter +fall -season -autumn to make sure fall is included, but not entries with autumn or season.


Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 776 total results for your India search. I have created 8 pages of results for you. Each page contains 100 results...

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles

More info & calligraphy:

day; sky; heaven
(1) sky; (2) {Christn} heaven; (3) God; (4) {Buddh} svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth); (5) {Buddh} deva (divine being of Buddhism); (6) top (of a book); (7) sole (of a Japanese sandal); (8) beginning; start; (9) (abbreviation) (See 天ぷら) tempura; (10) (abbreviation) (obsolete) (See 天竺・1) India; (given name) Hiroshi
Heaven; the sky; a day; cf. dyo, dyaus also as 提婆 a deva, or divine being, deity; and as 素羅 sura, shining, bright.


see styles


More info & calligraphy:

(1) {mahj} west wind tile; (2) {mahj} winning hand with a pung (or kong) of west wind tiles; (surname) Nishihama
paścima, 跛室制麽; west; it is largely used in the limited sense of Kashmir in such terms as 西方 the west, or western regions; but it is also much used for the western heavens of Amitābha; 西天 is India, the western 天竺國.


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(n-pref,n-suf) (abbreviation) (See プリント・1) print; printing; (place-name) Puri (India)


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Loni (India)


see styles
(1) three countries; (2) (hist) (See 魏・ぎ・1,蜀・しょく・2,呉・ご・3) Three Kingdoms (in China, 220 CE-280 CE); (3) (hist) (See 新羅・しらぎ,百済・くだら,高句麗・こうくり) Three Kingdoms (in Korea, 57 BCE-668 CE); (4) (archaism) Japan, China and India; Japan, Korea and China; the whole world; (p,s,f) Mikuni



see styles
zhōng guó
    zhong1 guo2
chung kuo

More info & calligraphy:

(surname) Nakaguni
Madhyadesa. 中天 (中天竺); 中梵 The middle kingdom, i. e. Central North India, v. 中印.


see styles
yìn dù
    yin4 du4
yin tu

More info & calligraphy:

(ateji / phonetic) (kana only) India; (place-name) India
印特伽; 身毒; 賢豆; 天竺 Indu (meaning 'moon' in Sanskrit), Hindu, Sindhu; see also 信度 and 閻浮 India in general. In the Tang dynasty its territory is described as extending over 90, 000 li in circuit, being bounded on three sides by the sea; north it rested on the Snow mountains 雪山, i. e. Himālayas; wide at the north, narrowing to the south, shaped like a half-moon; it contained over seventy kingdoms, was extremely hot, well watered and damp; from the centre eastwards to 震旦 China was 58, 000 li; and the same distance southwards to 金地國, westwards to 阿拘遮國, and northwards to 小香山阿耨達.



see styles
chán zōng
    chan2 zong1
ch`an tsung
    chan tsung

More info & calligraphy:

Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism
The Chan, meditative or intuitional, sect usually said to have been established in China by Bodhidharma, v. 達, the twenty-eighth patriarch, who brought the tradition of the Buddha-mind from India. Cf. 楞 13 Laṅkāvatāra sūtra. This sect, believing in direct enlightenment, disregarded ritual and sūtras and depended upon the inner light and personal influence for the propagation of its tenets, founding itself on the esoteric tradition supposed to have been imparted to Kāśyapa by the Buddha, who indicated his meaning by plucking a flower without further explanation. Kāśyapa smiled in apprehension and is supposed to have passed on this mystic method to the patriarchs. The successor of Bodhidharma was 慧可 Huike, and he was succeeded by 僧璨 Sengcan; 道信 Daoxin; 弘忍 Hongren; 慧能 Huineng, and 神秀 Shenxiu, the sect dividing under the two latter into the southern and northern schools: the southern school became prominent, producing 南嶽 Nanyue and 靑原 Qingyuan, the former succeeded by 馬祖 Mazu, the latter by 石頭 Shitou. From Mazu's school arose the five later schools, v. 禪門.


see styles
lǎo zi
    lao3 zi5
lao tzu
 roushi / roshi

More info & calligraphy:

Lao Tzu / Laozi
father; daddy; "I, your father" (in anger, or out of contempt); I (used arrogantly or jocularly)
Laozi; Lao Tzu; Lao Tse; (person) Laozi (semi-legendary Chinese philosopher and deity)
Laozi, or Laocius, the accepted founder of the Daoists. The theory that his soul went to India and was reborn as the Buddha is found in the 齊書 History of the Qi dynasty 顧歡傳.


see styles
 araa / ara

More info & calligraphy:

Allah (ara:); (place-name) Arrah (India); Ala


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) India


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Kaira (India); Kaila; Kyra


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

cassia (Cinnamomum aromaticum); (place-name) Casaia (Brazil); Kasia (India)


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Colar (India); Corral (Chile)


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Tamil (people); (place-name) Tamil (India)


see styles
 derii / deri

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Delhi (India); Derry; Dhery


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Morena (India); Molenat


see styles
 baarato / barato

More info & calligraphy:

India (hin: Bharat)


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Basti (India)


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Hassan (India); Hasan


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

(place-name) Mandi (India); Mundy



see styles
bō luó mò tuó
    bo1 luo2 mo4 tuo2
po lo mo t`o
    po lo mo to

More info & calligraphy:

paramārtha, the highest truth, ultimate truth, reality, fundamental meaning, 眞諦. Paramārtha, name of a famous monk from Western India, Guṇarata, v. 拘, whose title was 眞諦三藏; reached China 547 or 548, but the country was so disturbed that he set of to return by sea; his ship was driven back to Canton, where he translated some fifty works.



see styles
qì lǐ sèn á
    qi4 li3 sen4 a2
ch`i li sen a
    chi li sen a

More info & calligraphy:

kṛṣna, black, dark. dark blue; Krishna, the hero-god of India, 'with Buddhists he is chief of the black demons, who are enemies of Buddha and the white demons.' M. W.


see styles
zhōng yìn
    zhong1 yin4
chung yin
China and India; Sino-Indian; (place-name) Nakain
Central India, i. e. of the 五印 five Indies, as mentioned by Xuanzang in the 西域記.


see styles
tiān zhú
    tian1 zhu2
t`ien chu
    tien chu
the Indian subcontinent (esp. in Tang or Buddhist context)
(1) (obsolete) India; (2) (abbreviation) (See 天竺木綿) cotton sheeting; (prefix noun) (3) foreign; imported; (prefix noun) (4) ultra-spicy; extra hot; (place-name, surname) Tenjiku
(天竺國) India; 竹 zhu is said to have the same sound as 篤 tu, suggesting a connection with the 度 tu in 印度 Indu; other forms are 身毒 Sindhu, Scinde; 賢豆 Hindu; and 印持伽羅. The term is explained by 月 moon, which is the meaning of Indu, but it is said to be so called because the sages of India illumine the rest of the world: or because of the half-moon shape of the land, which was supposed to be 90, 000 li in circumference, and placed among other kingdoms like the moon among the stars. Another name is 因陀羅婆他那 ? Indravadana, or Indrabhavana, the region where Indra dwells. A hill and monastery near Hangchow.

see styles
to print; to mark; to engrave; a seal; a print; a stamp; a mark; a trace; image
(1) stamp; seal; chop; (2) seal impression; seal; sealing; stamp; mark; print; (3) {Buddh} mudra (symbolic hand gesture); (4) ninja hand sign; (5) (abbreviation) (See 印度・インド) India; (surname) In
mudrā; seal, sign, symbol, emblem, proof, assurance, approve; also 印契; 契印; 印相. Manual signs indicative of various ideas, e. g. each finger represents one of the five primary elements, earth, water, fire, air, and space, beginning with the little finger; the left hand represents 定 stillness, or meditation, the right hand 慧 discernment or wisdom; they have also many other indications. Also, the various symbols of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, e. g. the thunderbolt; cf. 因.; (度) The five Indias, or five regions of India, idem 五天竺 q. v.

see styles

river; CL:條|条[tiao2],道[dao4]
{mahj} discarded tiles (chi:); discards; (surname) Ha
River (in north), canal (in south), especially the Yellow River in China and the Ganges 恒河in India.

see styles

variant of 篤|笃[du3]
(surname) Chiku
Indian. 竺土; 天竺; 竺India.


see styles
(See ゴアードスカート) gore; triangular piece of fabric, used for making skirts, umbrellas, etc.; (place-name) Goa (India); Gore


see styles
(place-name) Kota (India)


see styles
(aux-v,v5u) (osb:) (after the -te form of a verb, indicates completion (and sometimes reluctance, accidentality, regret, etc.)) (See 仕舞う・4) to finish ...; to do ... completely; (place-name) Mau; Mhow (India)


see styles
(place-name) Mahe (India)


see styles
(place-name) Leh (India); (given name) Ray; Rais; Re; Ree; Reeh


see styles
(place-name) Rewa (India)


see styles
yī xià
    yi1 xia4
i hsia
{Buddh} (See 安居・あんご) one summer (during which a monk attends a summer retreat); (female given name) Hitoka
The summer retreat in India of, 90 days, from the 16th of the 4th moon to the 15th of the 7th; v. 雨.


see styles
bù kōng
    bu4 kong1
pu k`ung
    pu kung
 fukuu / fuku
(given name, person) Fukuu
Amogha, Amoghavajra. 不空三藏; 智藏; 阿目佉跋折羅 Not empty (or not in vain) vajra. The famous head of the Yogācāra school in China. A Singhalese of northern brahmanic descent, having lost his father, he came at the age of 15 with his uncle to 東海, the eastern sea, or China, where in 718 he became a disciple of 金剛智 Vajrabodhi. After the latter's death in 732, and at his wish, Eliot says in 741, he went to India and Ceylon in search of esoteric or tantric writings, and returned in 746, when he baptized the emperor Xuan Tsung. He was especially noted for rain-making and stilling storms. In 749 he received permission to return home, but was stopped by imperial orders when in the south of China. In ?756 under Su Tsung he was recalled to the capital. His time until 771 was spent translating and editing tantric books in 120 volumes, and the Yogacara 密教 rose to its peak of prosperity. He died greatly honoured at 70 years of age, in 774, the twelfth year of Tai Tsung, the third emperor under whom he had served. The festival of feeding the hungry spirits 孟蘭勝會 is attributed to him. His titles of 智藏 and 不空三藏 are Thesaurus of Wisdom and Amogha Tripitaka.


see styles
zhōng tiān
    zhong1 tian1
chung t`ien
    chung tien
 chuuten / chuten
culmination (astronomy)
mid-air; mid-heaven; zenith
(中天竺) Central North India, idem 中國.


see styles
zhōng fàn
    zhong1 fan4
chung fan
Central North India, idem 中國.



see styles
zhōng huá
    zhong1 hua2
chung hua
 chuuka / chuka
China (alternate formal name)
(1) (usu. in compounds) China; (2) (abbreviation) (See 中華料理) Chinese food; (surname) Chuuka
[Central India]


see styles
hù guì
    hu4 gui4
hu kuei
Kneeling with both knees at once, as in India; in China the left knee is first placed on the ground; also 互胡跪.


see styles
wǔ tiān
    wu3 tian1
wu t`ien
    wu tien
(surname) Goten
五天竺; The five regions of India, north, south, east, west, and central; v. 西域記.; (五天子) Five devas in the Garbhadhātumaṇḍala located in the north-east. Also 五乘居天 (or 五乘居衆 ); 五那含天子.


see styles
wǔ shān
    wu3 shan1
wu shan
(rare) five most important temples of a region; (surname) Goyama
Five mountains and monasteries: (1) in India, sacred because of their connection with the Buddha: 鞞婆羅跋怒 Vaibhāra-vana; 薩多般那求呵 Saptaparṇaguhā; 因陀羅勢羅求呵 Indraśailaguhā; 薩簸恕魂直迦鉢婆羅 Sarpiṣ kuṇḍikā-prāgbhāra; 耆闍崛 Gṛdhrakūṭa; (2) in China, established during the Five Dynasties and the Southern Sung dynasty, on the analogy of those in India; three at Hangzhou at 徑山 Jingshan, 北山 Beishan, and 南山 Nanshan and two at Ningbo at 阿育王山 King Aśoka Shan and 太白山 Taiboshan. Later the Yuan dynasty established one at 全陵 Chin Ling, the 天界大龍翔隻慶寺 which became chief of these under the Ming dynasty.


see styles
wǔ míng
    wu3 ming2
wu ming
 gomei / gome
(hist) the five sciences of ancient India (grammar and composition, arts and mathematics, medicine, logic, and philosophy); (surname) Gomei
pañca-vidyā, the five sciences or studies of India: (1) śabda, grammar and composition; śilpakarmasthāna, the arts and mathematics; cikitsā, medicine; hetu, logic; adhyātma, philosophy, which Monier Williams says is the 'knoowledge of the supreme spirit, or of ātman', the basis of the four Vedas; the Buddhists reckon the Tripiṭṭaka and the 十二部教 as their 内明, i. e. their inner or special philosophy.


see styles
rén wáng
    ren2 wang2
jen wang
the two guardian Deva kings; (personal name) Niwa
The benevolent king, Buddha; the name Śākya is intp. as 能仁 able in generosity. Also an ancient king, probably imaginary, of the 'sixteen countries' of India, for whom the Buddha is said to have dictated the 仁王經, a sutra with two principal translations into Chinese, the first by Kumārajīva styled 仁王般若經 or 佛說仁王般若波羅蜜經 without magical formulae, the second by Amogha (不空) styled 仁王護國般若波羅蜜經, etc., into which the magical formulae were introduced; these were for royal ceremonials to protect the country from all kinds of calamities and induce prosperity.


see styles
fó tǔ
    fo2 tu3
fo t`u
    fo tu
buddhakṣetra. 佛國; 紇差怛羅; 差多羅; 刹怛利耶; 佛刹 The land or realm of a Buddha. The land of the Buddha's birth, India. A Buddha-realm in process of transformation, or transformed. A spiritual Buddha-realm. The Tiantai Sect evolved the idea of four spheres: (1) 同居之國土 Where common beings and saints dwell together, divided into (a) a realm where all beings are subject to transmigration and (b) the Pure Land. (2) 方便有餘土 or 變易土 The sphere where beings are still subject to higher forms of transmigration, the abode of Hīnayāna saints, i.e. srota-āpanna 須陀洹; sakṛdāgāmin 斯陀含; anāgāmin 阿那含; arhat 阿羅漢. (3) 實報無障礙 Final unlimited reward, the Bodhisattva realm. (4) 常寂光土 Where permanent tranquility and enlightenment reign, Buddha-parinirvāṇa.


see styles
fó yǐng
    fo2 ying3
fo ying
buddhachāyā; the shadow of Buddha, formerly exhibited in various places in India, visible only to those "of pure mind".


see styles
fó tuó
    fo2 tuo2
fo t`o
    fo to
Buddha (a person who has attained Buddhahood, or specifically Siddhartha Gautama)
v. 佛 There are numerous monks from India and Central Asia bearing this as part of their names.


see styles
xìn dù
    xin4 du4
hsin tu
Sindhu, Sindh, Scinde, 辛頭 the country of 信度河 the Indus, one of the 'four great rivers.' Sindhu is a general name for India, but refers especially to the kingdom along the banks of the river Indus, whose capital was Vichavapura.


see styles
bā shuǐ
    ba1 shui3
pa shui
Eight rivers of India—Ganges, Jumna, 薩羅? Sarasvatī, Hiraṇyavatī or Ajiravatī, 魔河? Mahī, Indus, Oxus, and Sītā.



see styles
liun án
    liun4 an2
liun an
The six difficult things— to be born in a Buddha-age, to hear the true Buddha-law, to beget a good heart, to be born in the central kingdom (India), to be born in human form, and to be perfect; see, Nirvana Sutra 23.


see styles
nán tiān
    nan2 tian1
nan t`ien
    nan tien
(1) (See 北天) southern sky; (2) (kana only) heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica); nandina; (female given name) Misora
(南天竺) Southern India.



see styles
nán luó
    nan2 luo2
nan lo
Southern Lāra; Mālava, an ancient kingdom in Central India; head quarters of heretical in the present Malwa.


see styles
(noun - becomes adjective with の) India and Pakistan; Indian-Pakistani


see styles
yìn tǔ
    yin4 tu3
yin t`u
    yin tu
idem 印度 India.


see styles
yìn yù
    yin4 yu4
yin yü
The territory of India.


see styles
yìn bā
    yin4 ba1
yin pa
India and Pakistan


see styles
 inou / ino
(n,adj-f) India and Europe; Indo-European


see styles
yìn háng
    yin4 hang2
yin hang
Air India (abbr.)



see styles
qǔ jīng
    qu3 jing1
ch`ü ching
    chü ching
to journey to India on a quest for the Buddhist scriptures; to learn by studying another's experience


see styles
 baisha; aisha
    バイシャ; ヴァイシャ
(kana only) Vaishya; Vaisya (member of India's merchant-and-farmer caste)


see styles
táng sēng
    tang2 seng1
t`ang seng
    tang seng
Xuanzang (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645


see styles
tǔ bāng
    tu3 bang1
t`u pang
    tu pang
native state (term used by British Colonial power to refer to independent states of India or Africa)


see styles
(noun, transitive verb) writing in India ink


see styles
mò zhī
    mo4 zhi1
mo chih
 bokujuu / bokuju
prepared Chinese ink
(1) India ink; China ink; (2) ink (of a cuttlefish, etc.)


see styles
India-ink drawing


see styles
xià zhōng
    xia4 zhong1
hsia chung
(archaism) midsummer; height of summer; (place-name) Natsunaka
During the summer, the middle of the summer; the rainy reason spent by the monks of India in retirement.


see styles
tiān dì
    tian1 di4
t`ien ti
    tien ti
 tentei / tente
God of heaven; Celestial emperor
(1) Shangdi (supreme deity in ancient Chinese religion); (2) {Christn} God; (3) {Buddh} (See 帝釈天・たいしゃくてん) Shakra (king of heaven in Hindu mythology); Indra
King, or emperor of Heaven, i. e. 因陀羅 Indra, i. e. 釋 (釋迦); 釋迦婆; 帝 (帝釋); Śakra, king of the devaloka 忉利天, one of the ancient gods of India, the god of the sky who fights the demons with his vajra, or thunderbolt. He is inferior to the trimūrti, Brahma, Viṣṇu, and Śiva, having taken the place of Varuṇa, or sky. Buddhism adopted him as its defender, though, like all the gods, he is considered inferior to a Buddha or any who have attained bodhi. His wife is Indrāṇī.


see styles
tiān gēn
    tian1 gen1
t`ien ken
    tien ken
(personal name) Tenne
The phallic emblem of Śiva, which Xuanzang found in the temples of India; he says the Hindus 'worship it without being ashamed'.


see styles
tiān dū
    tian1 du1
t`ien tu
    tien tu
Tiandu, an erroneous form of 天竺, or 印度 Yindu, India.


see styles
tiān shén
    tian1 shen2
t`ien shen
    tien shen
god; deity
(1) (also pronounced てんしん) heavenly god; heavenly gods; (2) spirit of Sugawara no Michizane; (3) (See 天満宮) Tenmangu shrine (dedicated to Michizane's spirit); (4) (colloquialism) (See 梅干し) pit of a dried plum; dried plum; (5) (abbreviation) (See 天神髷) tenjin hairstyle; (6) prostitute of the second-highest class (Edo period); (7) (See 転軫) tuning peg (on a biwa or shamisen); (place-name, surname) Tenjin
deva 提婆 or devatā 泥縛多. (1) Brahma and the gods in general, including the inhabitants of the devalokas, all subject to metem-psychosis. (2) The fifteenth patriarch, a native of South India, or Ceylon and disciple of Nāgārjuna; he is also styled Devabodhisattva 提婆菩薩, Āryadeva 聖天, and Nilanetra 靑目 blue-eyed, or 分別明 clear discriminator. He was the author of nine works and a famous antagonist of Brahmanism.



see styles
mèng mǎi
    meng4 mai3
meng mai
Mumbai (formerly Bombay)
(place-name) Mumbai (India)


see styles
ān jū
    an1 ju1
an chü
to settle down; to live peacefully
(n,vs,vi) {Buddh} varsika (meditation retreat; usu. for 90 days starting on the 15th day of the 4th month of the lunisolar calendar); (given name) Yasuoki
Tranquil dwelling. varṣā, varṣās, or varṣāvasāna. A retreat during the three months of the Indian rainy season, and also, say some, in the depth of winter. During the rains it was 'difficult to move without injuring insect life'. But the object was for study and meditation. In Tokhara the retreat is said to have been in winter, from the middle of the 12th to the middle of the 3rd moon; in India from the middle of the 5th to the 8th, or the 6th to the 9th moons; usually from Śrāvaṇa, Chinese 5th moon, to Aśvayuja, Chinese 8th moon; but the 16th of the 4th to the 15th of the 7th moon has been the common period in China and Japan. The two annual periods are sometimes called 坐 夏 and 坐 臘 sitting or resting for the summer and for the end of the year. The period is divided into three sections, former, middle, and latter, each of a month.


see styles
ān huì
    an1 hui4
an hui
(female given name) Anne
Settled or firm resolve on wisdom; established wisdom; tr. of 悉耻羅末底 Sthiramati, or Sthitamati, one of the ten great exponents of the 唯識論 Vijñaptimātratāsiddhi śāstra, a native of southern India.


see styles
zōng pài
    zong1 pai4
tsung p`ai
    tsung pai
 shuuha / shuha
(1) sect; denomination; (2) school (e.g. of poetry)
Sects (of Buddhism). In India, according to Chinese accounts, the two schools of Hīnayāna became divided into twentysects. Mahāyāna had two main schools, the Mādhyamika, ascribed to Nāgārjunaand Āryadeva about the second century A. D., and the Yogācārya, ascribed toAsaṅga and Vasubandhu in the fourth century A. D. In China thirteen sectswere founded: (1) 倶舍宗 Abhidharma or Kośa sect, representing Hīnayāna,based upon the Abhidharma-kosa-śāstra or 倶舍論. (2) 成實宗 Satyasiddhi sect, based on the 成實論 Satyasiddhi-śāstra,tr. by Kumārajīva; no sect corresponds to it in India; in China and Japan itbecame incorporated in the 三論宗. (3) 律宗 Vinaya or Discipline sect, basedon 十誦律, 四分律, 僧祗律, etc. (4) 三論宗 The three śāstra sect, based on theMādhyamika-śāstra 中觀論 of Nāgārjuna, theSata-śāstra 百論 of Āryadeva, and theDvādasa-nikāya-śāstra 十二門論 of Nāgārjuna; this schooldates back to the translation of the three śāstras by Kumārajīva in A. D. 409. (5) 涅槃宗 Nirvāṇasect, based upon the Mahāparinirvāṇa-sūtra 涅槃經 tr. byDharmaraksa in 423; later incorporated in Tiantai, with which it had much incommon. (6) 地論宗 Daśabhūmikā sect, based on Vasubandhu's work on the tenstages of the bodhisattva's path to Buddhahood, tr. by Bodhiruci 508,absorbed by the Avataṃsaka school, infra. (7) 淨土宗 Pure-land or Sukhāvatīsect, founded in China by Bodhiruci; its doctrine was salvation throughfaith in Amitābha into the Western Paradise. (8) 禪宗 dhyāna, meditative or intuitional sect, attributed toBodhidharma about A. D. 527, but it existed before he came to China. (9) 攝論宗, based upon the 攝大乘論 Mahāyāna-saṃparigraha-śāstra byAsaṅga, tr. by Paramārtha in 563, subsequently absorbed by the Avataṃsakasect. (10) 天台宗 Tiantai, based on the 法華經 SaddharmapuṇḍarīkaSūtra, or the Lotus of the Good Law; it is aconsummation of the Mādhyamika tradition. (11) 華嚴宗 Avataṃsaka sect, basedon the Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra, or Gandha-vyūha 華嚴經 tr. in 418. (12) 法相宗 Dharmalakṣaṇa sect, established after thereturn of Xuanzang from India and his trans. of the important Yogācāryaworks. (13) 眞言宗 Mantra sect, A. D. 716. In Japan twelve sects are named:Sanron, Hossō, Kegon, Kusha, Jōjitsu, Ritsu, Tendai, Shingon; these areknown as the ancient sects, the two last being styled mediaeval; therefollow the Zen and Jōdo; the remaining two are Shin and Nichiren; at presentthere are the Hossō, Kegon, Tendai, Shingon, Zen, Jōdo, Shin, and Nichirensects.


see styles
shì xīng
    shi4 xing1
shih hsing
(surname) Murohoshi
The Revatī constellation in India. that of the 'house' or the thirteenth constellation in China.



see styles
bǎo yún
    bao3 yun2
pao yün
 houun / houn
(personal name) Houun
Baoyun, a monk of 涼州 Liangzhou, who travelled to India, circa A.D. 397, returned to Chang'an, and died 449 aged 74.


see styles
xiǎo shèng
    xiao3 sheng4
hsiao sheng
Hinayana, the Lesser Vehicle; Buddhism in India before the Mayahana sutras; also pr. [Xiao3 cheng2]
Hīnayāna 希那衍. The small, or inferior wain, or vehicle; the form of Buddhism which developed after Śākyamuni's death to about the beginning of the Christian era, when Mahāyāna doctrines were introduced. It is the orthodox school and more in direct line with the Buddhist succession than Mahāyānism which developed on lines fundamentally different. The Buddha was a spiritual doctor, less interested in philosophy than in the remedy for human misery and perpetual transmigration. He "turned aside from idle metaphysical speculations; if he held views on such topics, he deemed them valueless for the purposes of salvation, which was his goal" (Keith). Metaphysical speculations arose after his death, and naturally developed into a variety of Hīnayāna schools before and after the separation of a distinct school of Mahāyāna. Hīnayāna remains the form in Ceylon, Burma, and Siam, hence is known as Southern Buddhism in contrast with Northern Buddhism or Mahāyāna, the form chiefly prevalent from Nepal to Japan. Another rough division is that of Pali and Sanskrit, Pali being the general literary language of the surviving form of Hīnayāna, Sanskrit of Mahāyāna. The term Hīnayāna is of Mahāyānist origination to emphasize the universalism and altruism of Mahāyāna over the narrower personal salvation of its rival. According to Mahāyāna teaching its own aim is universal Buddhahood, which means the utmost development of wisdom and the perfect transformation of all the living in the future state; it declares that Hīnayāna, aiming at arhatship and pratyekabuddhahood, seeks the destruction of body and mind and extinction in nirvāṇa. For arhatship the 四諦Four Noble Truths are the foundation teaching, for pratyekabuddhahood the 十二因緣 twelve-nidānas, and these two are therefore sometimes styled the two vehicles 二乘. Tiantai sometimes calls them the (Hīnayāna) Tripiṭaka school. Three of the eighteen Hīnayāna schools were transported to China: 倶舍 (Abhidharma) Kośa; 成實 Satya-siddhi; and the school of Harivarman, the律 Vinaya school. These are described by Mahāyānists as the Buddha's adaptable way of meeting the questions and capacity of his hearers, though his own mind is spoken of as always being in the absolute Mahāyāna all-embracing realm. Such is the Mahāyāna view of Hīnayāna, and if the Vaipulya sūtras and special scriptures of their school, which are repudiated by Hīnayāna, are apocryphal, of which there seems no doubt, then Mahāyāna in condemning Hīnayāna must find other support for its claim to orthodoxy. The sūtras on which it chiefly relies, as regards the Buddha, have no authenticity; while those of Hīnayāna cannot be accepted as his veritable teaching in the absence of fundamental research. Hīnayāna is said to have first been divided into minority and majority sections immediately after the death of Śākyamuni, when the sthāvira, or older disciples, remained in what is spoken of as "the cave", some place at Rājagṛha, to settle the future of the order, and the general body of disciples remained outside; these two are the first 上坐部 and 大衆部 q. v. The first doctrinal division is reported to have taken place under the leadership of the monk 大天 Mahādeva (q.v.) a hundred years after the Buddha's nirvāṇa and during the reign of Aśoka; his reign, however, has been placed later than this by historians. Mahādeva's sect became the Mahāsāṅghikā, the other the Sthāvira. In time the two are said to have divided into eighteen, which with the two originals are the so-called "twenty sects" of Hīnayāna. Another division of four sects, referred to by Yijing, is that of the 大衆部 (Arya) Mahāsaṅghanikāya, 上座部 Āryasthavirāḥ, 根本說一切有部 Mūlasarvāstivādaḥ, and 正量部 Saṃmatīyāḥ. There is still another division of five sects, 五部律. For the eighteen Hīnayāna sects see 小乘十八部.


see styles
zhōu lì
    zhou1 li4
chou li
 shuuritsu / shuritsu
(adj-no,n) state-run; state-managed; established by a state in a federal system (e.g. US, Australia, India, etc.)


see styles
bù shǐ
    bu4 shi3
pu shih
pausa, the 10th month in India.



see styles
mí lè
    mi2 le4
mi le
Mile county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture, Yunnan; Maitreya, the future Bodhisattva, to come after Shakyamuni Buddha
(surname) Miroku
Maitreya, friendly, benevolent. The Buddhist Messiah, or next Buddha, now in the Tuṣita heaven, who is to come 5,000 years after the nirvāṇa of Śākyamuni, or according to other reckoning after 4,000 heavenly years, i.e. 5,670,000,000 human years. According to tradition he was born in Southern India of a Brahman family. His two epithets are 慈氏 Benevolent, and Ajita 阿逸多 'Invincible'. He presides over the spread of the church, protects its members and will usher in ultimate victory for Buddhism. His image is usually in the hall of the four guardians facing outward, where he is represented as the fat laughing Buddha, but in some places his image is tall, e.g. in Peking in the Yung Ho Kung. Other forms are彌帝M075962; 迷諦隸; 梅低梨; 梅怛麗 (梅怛藥 or 梅怛邪); 每怛哩; 昧怛 M067070曳; 彌羅. There are numerous Maitreya sūtras.


see styles
dé gān
    de2 gan1
te kan
Deccan (India)


see styles
dé lǐ
    de2 li3
te li
Delhi; New Delhi, capital of India; same as 新德里[Xin1 De2 li3]


see styles
huì rì
    hui4 ri4
hui jih
{Buddh} sun of wisdom; Buddha's or Bodhisattva's limitless light of wisdom; (given name) Enichi
Wisdom-sun, Buddha-wisdom. Huiri, a celebrated Tang monk and author (disciple of Yijing) who also went on pilgrimage to India and spent thirteen years there, died A.D. 748; entitled 慈愍三藏.


see styles
huì chāo
    hui4 chao1
hui ch`ao
    hui chao
 echou / echo
(personal name) Echō
Huichao, a monk who travelled in India.


see styles
 nichiin / nichin
Japan and India; Japanese-Indian


see styles
yuè zhī
    yue4 zhi1
yüeh chih
the Yuezhi, an ancient people of central Asia during the Han dynasty (also written 月氏[Yue4 zhi1])
Yuezhi; Rouzhi; an ancient Central Asian people
(月支國) The Yuezhi, or 'Indo-Scythians', 月氏 (國) and a country they at one time occupied, i. e. 都貨羅 Tukhara, Tokharestan, or Badakshan. Driven out from the northern curve of the Yellow River by the Huns, circa 165 B. C., they conquered Bactria 大夏, the Punjab, Kashmir, 'and the greater part of India. ' Their expulsion from the north of Shansi was the cause of the famous journey of Zhangqian of the Han dynasty and the beginning of Chinese expansion to the north-west. Kanishka, king of the Yuezhi towards the end of the first century A. D., became the great protector and propagator of Buddhism.



see styles
yuè zhǒng
    yue4 zhong3
yüeh chung
Candravaṃśa, descendants of the moon, 'the lunar race of kings or the second great line of Kṣatriya or royal dynasties in India. ' M. W.


see styles
mò tián
    mo4 tian2
mo t`ien
    mo tien
(place-name, surname) Matsuda
Madhyāntika, 末田地 (末田地那); 末田底加, 末田提; 末田鐸迦; 末彈地; 末闡地 or a 摩 is also used for 末. It is tr. by 中; 日中, 水中河中, and 金地. One of the two chief disciples of Ānanda, to whom he handed down the Buddha's doctrine. He is reputed to have been sent to convert 罽賓 Kashmir, the other, 商那和修 Śāṇakavāsa, to convert 中國 which is probably Central India, though it is understood as China. Another account makes the latter a disciple of the former. Eitel says that by his magic power he transported a sculptor to the Tuṣita heavens to obtain a correct image of Maitreya.


see styles
fàn sēng
    fan4 seng1
fan seng
 bonsou / bonso
{Buddh} monk (esp. one who maintains his purity)
A monk from India. Also a monk who maintains his purity.


see styles
fàn tǔ
    fan4 tu3
fan t`u
    fan tu
brahman-land, India.


see styles
fàn tiān
    fan4 tian1
fan t`ien
    fan tien
Nirvana (in Buddhist scripture); Lord Brahma (the Hindu Creator)
(1) Brahma (Hindu creator god); (2) (See 御幣) large staff with plaited paper streamers (used at religious festivals or as a sign); (3) buoy (used in longline fishing, gillnetting, etc.); (4) down puff (on the end of an ear pick); (given name) Bonten
Brahmadeva. Brahmā, the ruler of this world. India. brahmaloka, the eighteen heavens of the realm of form, divided into four dhyāna regions (sixteen heavens in Southern Buddhism). The first three contain the 梵衆天 assembly of brahmadevas, i.e. the brahmakāyika; the 梵輔天 brahmspurohitas, retinue of Brahmā; and 大梵天 Mahābrahman, Brahman himself.


see styles
fàn zì
    fan4 zi4
fan tzu
script used to write Sanskrit (esp. Siddham); (given name) Bonji
Brahma letters; saṃskṛtam; Sanskrit: also梵書 The classical Aryan language of India, systematized by scholars, in contradistinction to prākrit, representing the languages as ordinarily spoken. With the exception of a few ancient translations probably from Pali versions, most of the original texts used in China were Sanskrit. Various alphabets have been introduced into China for transliterating Indian texts, the devanāgarī alphabet, which was introduced via Tibet, is still used on charms and in sorcery. Pali is considered by some Chinese writers to be more ancient than Sanskrit both as a written and spoken language.


see styles
fàn běn
    fan4 ben3
fan pen
 bonpon; bonbon
    ぼんぽん; ぼんぼん
book in Sanskrit characters (e.g. scripture); book from India
Sutras in the Indian language.



see styles
fàn yǔ
    fan4 yu3
fan yü
Sanskrit (language)
(See サンスクリット語) Sanskrit
Brahma language, Sanskrit, the Sanskrit alphabet; 'the language of India'; supposed to come from Brahmā.



see styles
shā mén
    sha1 men2
sha men
monk (Sanskrit: Sramana, originally refers to north India); Buddhist monk
{Buddh} shramana (wandering monk); (surname) Shamon
śramaṇa. 桑門; 娑門; 喪門; 沙門那; 舍羅磨拏; 沙迦懣曩; 室摩那拏 (1) Ascetics of all kinds; 'the Sarmanai, or Samanaioi, or Germanai of the Greeks, perhaps identical also with the Tungusian Saman or Shaman.' Eitel. (2) Buddhist monks 'who 'have left their families and quitted the passions', the Semnoi of the Greeks'. Eitel. Explained by 功勞 toilful achievement, 勤息 diligent quieting (of the mind and the passions), 淨志 purity of mind, 貧道 poverty. 'He must keep well the Truth, guard well every uprising (of desire), be uncontaminated by outward attractions, be merciful to all and impure to none, be not elated to joy nor harrowed by distress, and able to bear whatever may come.' The Sanskrit root is śram, to make effort; exert oneself, do austerities.



see styles
fǎ xiǎn
    fa3 xian3
fa hsien
(personal name) Hokken
Faxian, the famous pilgrim who with fellow-monks left Chang'an A.D. 399 overland for India, finally reached it, remained alone for six years, and spent three years on the return journey, arriving by sea in 414. His 佛國記 Records of the Buddhistic Kingdoms were made, for his information, by Buddhabhadra, an Indian monk in China. His own chief translation is the 僧祗律, a work on monastic discipline.


see styles
pǔ nà
    pu3 na4
p`u na
    pu na
Pune, second city of Mahārāshtra 馬哈拉施特拉邦|马哈拉施特拉邦 in western India


see styles
(noun/participle) going to India



see styles
wū tú
    wu1 tu2
wu t`u
    wu tu
Uḍa, Uḍradeśa, Oḍra, Oḍivisa; an ancient country of eastern India with a busy port called 折利呾羅 Charitrapura (Xuanzang), probably the province of Orissa.



see styles
niú fèn
    niu2 fen4
niu fen
 go fun
cattle manure; cow dung; cowpat; bullshit
gomaya, cow-dung, considered in India as clean and cleansing; used by the esoterics for 'cleansing' altars.

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.


This page contains 100 results for "India" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary