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Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
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Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

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Power / Strength
power; force; strength; ability; strenuously
(suffix) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (given name) Riki
bala; power, strength, of which there are several categories: 二力 power of choice and of practice; 三力 the power of Buddha; of meditation (samādhi) and of practice. 五力 pañcabala, the five powers of faith, zeal, memory (or remembering), meditation, and wisdom. 六力 A child's power is in crying; a woman's in resentment; a king's in domineering; an arhat's in zeal (or progress); a Buddha's in mercy; and a bhikṣu's in endurance (of despite) . 十力 q.v. The ten powers of Buddhas and bodhisattvas.

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earth; dust; clay; local; indigenous; crude opium; unsophisticated; one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]
(archaism) soil (esp. reddish soil); (place-name) Do
Bhū; bhūmi; pṛthivī. Earth, locality, local, vulgar; earth

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Fong / Fang
square; power or involution (math.); upright; honest; fair and square; direction; side; party (to a contract, dispute etc); place; method; prescription (medicine); just when; only or just; classifier for square things; abbr. for square or cubic meter
(1) direction; way; side; area (in a particular direction); (2) (often 私の方, あなたの方, etc.) side (of an argument, etc.); one's part; (3) type; category; (4) field (of study, etc.); (5) indicates one side of a comparison; (6) way; method; manner; means; (7) length (of each side of a square); (given name) Michi
Square; place; correct; a means, plan, prescription; then, now, just; to make even

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wisdom; knowledge
(1) wisdom; (2) (Buddhist term) jnana (higher knowledge); (given name) Masaru
jñāna 若那; 闍那 Knowledge; wisdom; defined as 於事理決斷也 decision or judgment as to phenomena or affairs and their principles, of things and their fundamental laws. There are numerous categories, up to 20, 48, and 77, v. 一智; 二智 and others. It is also used as a tr. of prajñā, cf. 智度; knowledge

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tree; wood; coffin; wooden; simple; numb; one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]
(1) (abbreviation) (See 木曜) Thursday; (2) (See 五行・1) wood (first of the five elements); (female given name) Moku
Wood; a tree; kāṣṭha, a piece of wood, wood, timber.

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line of business; industry; occupation; job; employment; school studies; enterprise; property; (Buddhism) karma; deed; to engage in; already
deed; act; work; performance; (personal name) Hajime
karman, karma, "action, work, deed"; "moral duty"; "product, result, effect." M.W. The doctrine of the act; deeds and their effects on the character, especially in their relation to succeeding forms of transmigration. The 三業 are thought, word, and deed, each as good, bad, or indifferent. Karma from former lives is 宿業, from present conduct 現業. Karma is moral action that causes future retribution, and either good or evil transmigration. It is also that moral kernel in which each being survives death for further rebirth or metempsychosis. There are categories of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 10; the 六業 are rebirth in the hells, or as animals, hungry ghosts, men, devas, or asuras: v. 六趣; activity

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Stone / Rock
rock; stone; stone inscription; one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]
(counter) (1) counter for jewels in a watch; (counter) (2) counter for transistors, diodes, etc. in an electronic product; (surname) Tsuruishi
Stone, rock; stone

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to empty; vacant; unoccupied; space; leisure; free time
(1) empty air; sky; (2) {Buddh} shunyata (the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon); emptiness; (3) (abbreviation) (See 空軍) air force; (noun or adjectival noun) (4) fruitlessness; meaninglessness; (noun or adjectival noun) (5) (See 五大・1) void (one of the five elements); (can be adjective with の) (6) {math} empty (e.g. set); (female given name) Ron
śūnya, empty, void, hollow, vacant, nonexistent. śūnyatā, 舜若多, vacuity, voidness, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, perhaps spirituality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, the seeming 假 being unreal. The doctrine that all phenomena and the ego have no reality, but are composed of a certain number of skandhas or elements, which disintegrate. The void, the sky, space. The universal, the absolute, complete abstraction without relativity. There are classifications into 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, 16, and 18 categories. The doctrine is that all things are compounds, or unstable organisms, possessing no self-essence, i.e. are dependent, or caused, come into existence only to perish. The underlying reality, the principle of eternal relativity, or non-infinity, i.e. śūnya, permeates all phenomena making possible their evolution. From this doctrine the Yogācārya school developed the idea of the permanent reality, which is Essence of Mind, the unknowable noumenon behind all phenomena, the entity void of ideas and phenomena, neither matter nor mind, but the root of both.

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Gold / Metal
gold; chemical element Au; generic term for lustrous and ductile metals; money; golden; highly respected; one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]
(1) gold (metal); (2) (See 金色) gold (color); (3) gold (medal); first place (prize); (noun - becomes adjective with の) (4) something of great value; something golden (e.g. silence); (5) money; gold coin; (6) (written before an amount of money) sum (of money); (7) (abbreviation) (See 金曜) Friday; (n,ctr) (8) karat (measure of purity of gold); carat; (9) (See 五行・1) metal (fourth phase of Wu Xing); (10) (hist) Jin dynasty (of China; 1115-1234); Chin dynasty; Jurchen dynasty; (11) (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 金将) gold general; (12) (abbreviation) (colloquialism) (See 金玉) testicles; (surname) Kimu; Kim
hiraṇya, 伊爛拏 which means cold, any precious metal, semen, etc.; or 蘇伐刺 suvarṇa, which means "of a good or beautiful colour", "golden", "yellow", "gold", "a gold coin", etc. The Chinese means metal, gold, money.

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gate; door; CL:扇[shan4]; gateway; doorway; CL:個|个[ge4]; opening; valve; switch; way to do something; knack; family; house; (religious) sect; school (of thought); class; category; phylum or division (taxonomy); classifier for large guns; classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology; (suffix) -gate (i.e. scandal; derived from Watergate)
(n,n-suf) (1) gate; (n,n-suf) (2) (もん only) branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master; (n,n-suf) (3) (もん only) {biol} division; phylum; (counter) (4) (もん only) counter for cannons; (surname) Yuki
A door; gate; a sect, school, teaching, especially one leading to salvation or nirvana.


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(personal name) Gregory


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Gregorian (calendar); (personal name) Gregorio

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four horse military chariot (archaic); four (archaic); generic term for history books
Yāna 衍; 野那 a vehicle, wain, any means of conveyance; a term applied to Buddhism as carrying men to salvation. The two chief divisions are the 小乘 Hīnayāna and 大乘 Mahāyāna; but there are categories of one, two, three, four, and five sheng q.v., and they have further subdivisions.


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to make; to cause; to enable; to use; to employ; to send; to instruct sb to do something; envoy; messenger
(1) messenger; (2) (abbreviation) (See 検非違使) police and judicial chief (Heian and Kamakura periods); (3) {Buddh} (See 煩悩・2) klesha (polluting thoughts such as greed, hatred and delusion, which result in suffering); (female given name) Tsukasa
To send; cause; a messenger; a pursuer, molester, lictor, disturber, troubler, intp. as 煩惱 kleśa, affliction, distress, worldly cares, vexations, and as consequent reincarnation. There are categories of 10, 16, 98, 112, and 128 such troublers, e. g. desire, hate, stupor, pride, doubt, erroneous views, etc., leading to painful results in future rebirths, for they are karma-messengers executing its purpose. Also 金剛童子 q. v; affliction, proclivities

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(old) class; category; corpse

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to leave; to depart; to separate; to distinguish; to classify; other; another; don't ...!; to pin; to stick (something) in; (noun suffix) category (e.g. 性別|性别[xing4 bie2], 派別|派别[pai4 bie2])
(archaism) (See 姓・かばね) lord (hereditary title for imperial descendants in outlying regions); (personal name) Wake
Separate, divide, part from, other, different, differentiate, special; to distinguish

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to describe something as; an analogy; a simile; a metaphor; an allegory

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Japanese variant of 圈
(suffix) (1) sphere; circle; range; area; zone; bloc; (2) {math} category

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school; sect; purpose; model; ancestor; clan; to take as one's model (in academic or artistic work); classifier for batches, items, cases (medical or legal), reservoirs
(1) (rare) origin; source; (2) (rare) virtuous ancestor; (given name) Motoi
Ancestors, ancestral; clan; class, category. kind; school, sect; siddhānta, summary, main doctrine, syllogism, proposition, conclusion, realization. Sects are of two kinds: (1) those founded on principles having historic continuity, as the twenty sects of the Hīnayāna, the thirteen sects of China, and the fourteen sects of Japan: (2) those arising from an individual interpretation of the general teaching of Buddhism, as the sub-sects founded by Yongming 永明 (d. 975), 法相宗, 法性宗, 破相宗, or those based on a peculiar interpretation of one of the recognized sects, as the Jōdo-shinshū 淨土眞宗 found by Shinran-shōnin. There are also divisions of five, six, and ten, which have reference to specific doctrinal differences. Cf. 宗派; a tenet

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māna. Pride, arrogance, self-conceit, looking down on others, supercilious, etc.; there are categories of seven and nine kinds of pride.

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new; newly; meso- (chemistry)
(prefix) (1) new; neo-; (2) newness; novelty; (3) (abbreviation) (See 新暦) Gregorian calendar; (4) (hist) Xin dynasty (of China; 9-23 CE); Hsin dynasty; (surname) Waka
New, newly, just, opposite of 奮 old.

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to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be
(1) existence; (n,n-pref) (2) possession; having; (3) (abbreviation) (in company names; written as (有)) (See 有限会社) limited company; (personal name) Yumi
bhāva: that which exists, the existing, existence; to have, possess, be. It is defined as (1) the opposite of 無 wu and 空 kong the non-existent; (2) one of the twelve nidānas, existence; the condition which, considered as cause, produces effect; (3) effect, the consequence of cause; (4) anything that can be relied upon in the visible or invisible realm. It means any state which lies between birth and death, or beginning and end. There are numerous categories— 3, 4, 7, 9, 18, 25, and 29. The 三有 are the 三界 trailokya, i. e. 欲, 色 and 無色界 the realms of desire, of form, and of non-form, all of them realms of mortality; another three are 本有 the present body and mind, or existence, 當有 the future ditto, 中有 the intermediate ditto. Other definitions give the different forms or modes of existence; being, existence

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arable fields; cultivated field; class; category
one's group, companions, peers

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knot; sturdy; bond; to tie; to bind; to check out (of a hotel)
(female given name) Ribon
Knot, tie, bond; bound; settle, wind up; to form. The bond of transmigration. There are categories of three, five, and nine bonds; e.g. false views, the passions, etc; to tie up

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bitter; hardship; pain; to suffer; to bring suffering to; painstakingly
(1) pain; anguish; suffering; distress; anxiety; worry; trouble; difficulty; hardship; (2) {Buddh} (See 八苦) duhkha (suffering)
duḥkha, 豆佉 bitterness; unhappiness, suffering, pain, distress, misery; difficulty. There are lists of two, three, four, five, eight, and ten categories; the two are internal, i. e. physical and mental, and external, i. e. attacks from without. The four are birth, growing old, illness, and death. The eight are these four along with the pain of parting from the loved, of meeting with the hated, of failure in one's aims, and that caused by the five skandhas; cf. 四諦.

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to examine; truth (Buddhism)
{Buddh} satya; truth; (given name) Tai
To judge, examine into, investigate, used in Buddhism for satya, a truth, a dogma, an axiom; applied to the āryasatyāni, the four dogmas, or noble truths, of 苦, 集, 滅, and 道 suffering, (the cause of its) assembly, the ( possibility of its cure, or) extinction, and the way (to extinction), i.e. the eightfold noble path, v. 四諦 and 八聖道. There are other categories of 諦, e.g. (2) 眞 and 俗 Reality in contrast with ordinary ideas of things; (3) 空, 假 and 中 q.v. (6) by the 勝論宗; and(8) by the 法相宗.; Two forms of statement: (a) 俗諦 saṃvṛti-satya, also called 世諦, 世俗諦, 覆俗諦, 覆諦, meaning common or ordinary statement, as if phenomena were real; (b) 眞諦 paramartha-satya, also called 第一諦, 勝義諦, meaning the correct dogma or averment of the enlightened. Another definition is 王法 and 佛法, royal law and Buddha law.

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to give an example
To compare, allegorize; like, resembling; parable, metaphor, simile; to compare

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classifier for an activity, taken in its entirety (tirade of abuse, stint of music playing, bout of drinking etc)
(n,n-suf,adj-na) (1) authority; expert; connoisseur; well-informed person; (counter) (2) counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc.; (noun or adjectival noun) (3) understanding (esp. of male-female relations); tact; insight; (4) supernatural powers; magical powers; (given name) Michiaki
Permeate, pass through, pervade; perceive, know thoroughly; communicate; current; free, without hindrance, unimpeded universal; e.g. 神通 supernatural, ubiquitous powers. There are categories of 五通, 六通, and 十通, all referring to supernatural powers; the five are (1) knowledge of the supernatural world; (2) deva vision; (3) deva hearing; (4) knowledge of the minds of all others; (5) knowledge of all the transmigrations of self and all others. The six are the above together with perfect wisdom for ending moral hindrance and delusion. The ten are knowing all previous transmigrations, having deva hearing, knowing the minds of others, having deva vision, showing deva powers, manifesting many bodies or forms, being anywhere instantly, power of bringing glory to one's domain, manifesting a body of transformation, and power to end evil and transmigration; to pass

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kind; type; class; category; similar; like; to resemble
(n,n-suf) (1) kind; sort; type; class; genus; order; family; (n,n-suf) (2) similar example; parallel; the like; (given name) Rui
Class, species; to classify.

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devil; magic
(1) demon; devil; evil spirit; evil influence; (suffix noun) (2) (See 覗き魔) -crazed person; -obsessed person; fiend; (surname) Ma
魔羅 Māra, killing, destroying; 'the Destroyer, Evil One, Devil' (M.W.); explained by murderer, hinderer, disturber, destroyer; he is a deva 'often represented with a hundred arms and riding on an elephant'. Eitel. He sends his daughters, or assumes monstrous forms, or inspires wicked men, to seduce or frighten the saints. He 'resides with legions of subordinates in the heaven Paranirmita Vaśavartin situated on the top of the Kāmadhātu'. Eitel. Earlier form 磨; also v. 波 Pāpīyān. He is also called 他化自在天. There are various categories of māras, e.g. the skandha-māra, passion-māra, etc; evil demon


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(abbreviation) (slang) (See カテゴリー) category


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yī jìng
    yi1 jing4
i ching
One region, realm, order, or category; one realm


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yī gài
    yi1 gai4
i kai
all; without any exceptions; categorically



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yī jí
    yi1 ji2
i chi
 ikkyuu / ikkyu
first class; category A
(noun or adjectival noun) one grade; first-class; primary



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yī lèi
    yi1 lei4
i lei
same type; category 1 (i.e. class A)
same kind; accomplices; companions
one type


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sān kē
    san1 ke1
san k`o
    san ko
(surname) Minashi
The three categories of 五蘊, 十二處 or 入, and eighteen 界; three categories



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sān zhǒng
    san1 zhong3
san chung
(noun - becomes adjective with の) three kinds; three varieties; (surname) Mitane
Three kinds, sorts, classes, categories, etc; three kinds



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sān jí
    san1 ji2
san chi
 sankyuu / sankyu
grade 3; third class; category C
(adjectival noun) third grade; third class; tertiary


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sān bù
    san1 bu4
san pu
three parts; three copies; (surname) Minbe
Three divisions. Included under this category are such terms as 三部大法, 三部主色, 三部經, etc; three divisions


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bǐng děng
    bing3 deng3
ping teng
third rank; third category; third grade; grade C



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zhōng lùn
    zhong1 lun4
chung lun
中觀論 Prāñnyāya-mūla-śāstra-ṭīkā, or Prāṇyamula-śāstra-ṭīkā; the Mādhyamika-śāstra, attributed to the bodhisattvas Nāgārjuna as creator, and Nīlacakṣus as compiler; tr. by Kumārajīva A. D. 409. It is the principal work of the Mādhyamika, or Middle School, attributed to Nāgārjuna. Versions only exist in Chinese and Tibetan; an English translation by Miyamoto exists and publication is promised; a German version is by Walleser. The 中論 is the first and most?? important of the 三論 q. v. The teaching of this School is found additionally in the 順中論; 般若燈論釋大乘中觀釋論 and 中論疏. Cf. 中道. The doctrine opposes the rigid categories of existence and non-existence 假 and 空, and denies the two extremes of production (or creation) and nonproduction and other antitheses, in the interests of a middle or superior way; Madhyamaka-śāstra



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èr jí
    er4 ji2
erh chi
 nikyuu / nikyu
grade 2; second class; category B
(noun or adjectival noun) second grade; second class; secondary


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wǔ wèi
    wu3 wei4
wu wei
(1) fifth court rank; (2) (abbreviation) (See 五位鷺) black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax); night heron; (3) {Buddh} five ranks; five stages; (place-name, surname) Goi
The five categories, or divisions; there are several groups, e. g. (1) Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna have groupings of all phenomena under five heads, i. e. Hīnayāna has 75 法 which are 11 色法, 1 心法, 46 心所法, 14 不相離法, and 3 無爲法; Mahāyāna has 100 法 which are 8 心, 51 心所, 11 色, 24 不相因, and 6 無爲法. (2) The five divisions of 唯識 are 資糧位, 加行位, 通達位, 修習位, and 究竟 or 佛位. (3) The five evolutions in the womb are: kalalaṃ, embryo-initiation; arbudaṃ, after 27 days; peśī, 37; ghana, 47; praśākha, 57 days when form and organs are all complete. (4) Certain combinations of the 八卦 Eight Diagrams are sometimes styled 五位君臣 five positions of prince and minister; five ranks


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wǔ lì
    wu3 li4
wu li
pañcabalāni, the five powers or faculties — one of the categories of the thirty-seven bodhipakṣika dharma 三十七助道品; they destroy the 五障 five obstacles, each by each, and are: 信力 śraddhābala, faith (destroying doubt); 精進力 vīryabala, zeal (destroying remissness); 念 or 勤念 smṛtibala, memory or thought (destroying falsity); 正定力 samādhibala, concentration of mind, or meditation (destroying confused or wandering thoughts); and 慧力 prajñābala, wisdom (destroying all illusion and delusion). Also the five transcendent powers, i. e. 定力 the power of meditation; 通力 the resulting supernatural powers; 借識力 adaptability, or powers of 'borrowing' or evolving any required organ of sense, or knowledge, i. e. by beings above the second dhyāna heavens; 大願力 the power of accomplishing a vow by a Buddha or bodhisattva; and 法威德力 the august power of Dharma. Also, the five kinds of Mara powers exerted on sight, 五大明王.


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wǔ guǒ
    wu3 guo3
wu kuo
(1) five fruits (peach, Japanese plum, apricot, jujube, Japanese chestnut); (2) (Buddhist term) five types of effect in cause-and-effect relationships; (3) (Buddhist term) five effects of ignorance and formations on one's current life
The five fruits, or effects; there are various groups, e. g. I. (1) 異熟果 fruit ripening divergently, e. g. pleasure and goodness are in different categories; present organs accord in pain or pleasure with their past good or evil deeds; (2) 等流果 fruit of the same order, e. g. goodness reborn from previous goodness; (3) 土用果 present position and function fruit, the rewards of moral merit in previous lives; (4) 增上果 superior fruit, or position arising from previous earnest endeavor and superior capacity: (5) 離繋果 fruit of freedom from all bonds, nirvana fruit. II. Fruit, or rebirth: (1) 識 conception (viewed psychologically); (2) 名色 formation mental and physical; (3) 六處 the six organs of perception complete; (4) 觸 their birth and contact with the world; (5) 受 consciousness. III. Five orders of fruit, with stones, pips, shells (as nuts), chaff-like (as pine seeds), and with pods; fivefold aspects of cause and effect


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wǔ fǎ
    wu3 fa3
wu fa
pañcadharma. The five laws or categories, of which four groups are as follows: I. 相名五法 The five categories of form and name: (1) 相 appearances, or phenomena; (2) 名 their names; (3) 分別 sometimes called 妄想 ordinary mental discrimination of them— (1) and (2) are objective, (3) subjective; (4) 正智 corrective wisdom, which corrects the deficiencies and errors of the last: (5) 如如 the 眞如 Bhutatathata or absolute wisdom, reached through the 如理智 understanding of the law of the absolute, or ultimate truth. II. 事理五法 The five categories into which things and their principles are divided: (1) 心法 mind; (2) 心所法 mental conditions or activities; (3) 色法 the actual states or categories as conceived; (4) 不相應法 hypothetic categories, 唯識 has twenty-four, the Abhidharma fourteen; (5) 無爲法 the state of rest, or the inactive principle pervading all things; the first four are the 事 and the last the 理. III. 理智五法 cf. 五智; the five categories of essential wisdom: (1) 眞如 the absolute; (2) 大圓鏡智 wisdom as the great perfect mirror reflecting all things; (3) 平等性智 wisdom of the equal Buddha nature of all beings; (4) 妙觀察智 wisdom of mystic insight into all things and removal of ignorance and doubt; (5) 成所作智 wisdom perfect in action and bringing blessing to self and others. IV. 提婆五法 The five obnoxious rules of Devadatta: not to take milk in any form, nor meat, nor salt; to wear unshaped garments, and to live apart. Another set is: to wear cast-off rags, beg food, have only one set meal a day, dwell in the open, and abstain from all kinds of flesh, milk, etc; five kinds of dharmas



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yà xíng
    ya4 xing2
ya hsing
subtype; subcategory


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(1) companion; fellow; friend; mate; comrade; partner; colleague; coworker; associate; (2) group; company; circle; set; gang; (3) member of the same category (family, class); (surname) Bibiana


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fó shēn
    fo2 shen1
fo shen
buddhakāya, a general term for the trikāya, or threefold embodiment of Buddha. There are numerous categories or forms of the buddhakāya; buddha's (physical) body


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(1) example; (2) simile; metaphor; allegory; fable; parable


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(noun or adjectival noun) reasonable price



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jià bié
    jia4 bie2
chia pieh
category of leave (maternity leave, sick leave etc)


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bā yīn
    ba1 yin1
pa yin
ancient classification system for musical instruments, based on the material of which the instrument is made (metal 金, stone 石, clay 土, leather 革, silk 絲|丝, wood 木, gourd 匏, bamboo 竹); the eight kinds of sound produced by instruments in these categories; music
The eight tones of a Buddha's voice―beautiful, flexible, harmonious, respect-producing, not effeminate (i.e. manly), unerring, deep and resonant; eight vocal attributes



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gōng lì
    gong1 li4
kung li
Gregorian calendar; solar calendar


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(1) six forms of the Shi Jing (genre: folk song, festal song, hymn; style: narrative, explicit comparison, implicit comparison); (2) six forms of waka (allegorical, enumerative, metaphorical, allusive, plain, congratulatory); (3) six principles of calligraphy; (4) (See 六書・1) six classes of kanji characters; (given name) Rokugi



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liù dì
    liu4 di4
liu ti
The six logical categories of the Vaiśeṣika philosophy: dravya, substance; guṇa, quality; karman, motion or activity; sāmānya, generality; viśeṣa, particularity; samavāya, inherence: Keith, Logic, 179. Eitel has 'substance, quality, action, existence, the unum et diversum, and the aggregate'; six logical categories


see styles
fēn liè
    fen1 lie4
fen lieh
to divide into rows; to identify subcategories; to break down into constituent parts; breakdown; disaggregation
(n,vs,vt,vi) filing off (in a parade)



see styles
fēn lèi
    fen1 lei4
fen lei
to classify
(noun, transitive verb) classification; categorization; sorting



see styles
qū fēn
    qu1 fen1
ch`ü fen
    chü fen
to differentiate; to draw a distinction; to divide into categories
See: 区分



see styles
gè lèi
    ge4 lei4
ko lei
all categories


see styles
hé shì
    he2 shi4
ho shih
 goushiki / goshiki
conforming to a pattern; variant of 合適|合适[he2 shi4]
formal; regular; valid; categorical


see styles
 douretsu / doretsu
(1) same row; same line; same file; (2) same rank; same level; same category; same treatment



see styles
pǐn lèi
    pin3 lei4
p`in lei
    pin lei
category; kind
(place-name) Shinarui


see styles
(1) example; (2) simile; metaphor; allegory; fable; parable



see styles
sì jí
    si4 ji2
ssu chi
grade 4; fourth class; category D


see styles
{math} category theory


see styles
 oubetsu / obetsu
(noun, transitive verb) general classification; broad categorization; (place-name) Oubetsu



see styles
dà lèi
    da4 lei4
ta lei
main type; main class; main category
(surname) Dairui


see styles
tiān xiān
    tian1 xian1
t`ien hsien
    tien hsien
immortal (esp. female); deity; fairy; Goddess; fig. beautiful woman
(See 仙人・せんにん・1) heavenly immortal (in Taoism); (given name) Tensen
deva-ṛṣi, or devas and rsis, or immortals. Nāgārjuna gives ten classes of ṛṣis whose lifetime is 100, 000 years, then they are reincarnated. Another category is fivefold: 天仙 deva-ṛṣis in the mountains round Sumeru: 神仙 spirit-ṛṣis who roam the air: 人仙 humans who have attained the powers of immortals; 地仙 earth ṛṣis, subterranean; 鬼仙 pretas, or malevolent ṛṣis; divine sages


see styles
 suegorou / suegoro
(male given name) Suegorou


see styles
 suegorou / suegoro
(male given name) Suegorou


see styles
 suegorou / suegoro
(male given name) Suegorou


see styles
dìng wèi
    ding4 wei4
ting wei
 teii / te
to orientate; to position; to categorize (as); to characterize (as); positioning; position; niche
(n,vs,vt,vi,adj-no) position; orientation
determined position


see styles
 teigen / tegen
categorical statement


see styles
 guuyu / guyu
(See アレゴリー) allegory


see styles
yù yán
    yu4 yan2
yü yen
 guugen / gugen
fable; CL:則|则[ze2]
allegory; fable


see styles
 guuwa / guwa
(noun - becomes adjective with の) fable; allegory


see styles
(noun or adjectival noun) moderate; handy; convenient; reasonable



see styles
shù lùn
    shu4 lun4
shu lun
number theory (math.)
The śāstras of the Sarvāstivādins; also Kaplila, called數論外道; 數論師 founder of the Sāṅkhyā philosophy; v. 僧伽, 劫, and 迦. It is an attempt to place all concepts in twenty-five categories, with puruṣa at the head and the others in ordered progress. Inter alia it also teaches 'the eternity and multiplicity of souls' (Eitel). Vasubandhu wrote in criticism of the system; Sāṃkhya


see styles
the solar calendar; the Gregorian calendar



see styles
xīn lì
    xin1 li4
hsin li
Gregorian calendar; solar calendar



see styles
duàn rán
    duan4 ran2
tuan jan
resolute; definitive; categorically; absolutely
See: 断然


see styles
(1) good flavor (flavour); good taste; deliciousness; (2) umami (fifth category of taste, corresponding to the flavour of glutamates); (3) skill; (4) profit


see styles
(ateji / phonetic) (1) good flavor (flavour); good taste; deliciousness; (2) umami (fifth category of taste, corresponding to the flavour of glutamates); (3) skill; (4) profit


see styles
yǒu zhī
    you3 zhi1
yu chih
To have a branch; also the category of bhāva, one of the twelve nidānas, v. 有; members of existence


see styles
(expression) around the end of (a period of time)


see styles
(surname) Negoro


see styles
(abbreviation) (See 根来塗り) Negoro lacquerware; (surname) Nerai


see styles
(surname) Negoro


see styles
(surname) Negoro



see styles
yè tài
    ye4 tai4
yeh t`ai
    yeh tai
 gyoutai / gyotai
(retail industry) format
(1) business conditions; (2) business category; line of business



see styles
guī lèi
    gui1 lei4
kuei lei
to classify; to categorize


see styles
bǐ yú
    bi3 yu2
pi yü
simile; metaphor; allegory; parable


see styles
simile; metaphor; allegory; parable


see styles
máo yī
    mao2 yi1
mao i
(wool) sweater; CL:件[jian4]
(1) fur coat (to protect against the cold); (2) clothes made with the down of birds



see styles
fǎ shù
    fa3 shu4
fa shu
The categories of Buddhism such as the three realms, five skandhas, five regions, four dogmas, six paths, twelve nidānas, etc; categories of Buddhist concepts


see styles
fǎ jiè
    fa3 jie4
fa chieh
 hokkai; houkai / hokkai; hokai
    ほっかい; ほうかい
(1) {Buddh} universe; (2) {Buddh} realm of thought; (3) {Buddh} underlying principle of reality; manifestation of true thusness; (4) (ほうかい only) (abbreviation) (See 法界悋気) being jealous of things that have nothing to do with one; being jealous of others who are in love with each other
dharmadhātu, 法性; 實相; 達磨馱都 Dharma-element, -factor, or-realm. (1) A name for "things" in general, noumenal or phenomenal; for the physical universe, or any portion or phase of it. (2) The unifying underlying spiritual reality regarded as the ground or cause of all things, the absolute from which all proceeds. It is one of the eighteen dhātus. These are categories of three, four, five, and ten dharmadhātus; the first three are combinations of 事 and 理 or active and passive, dynamic and static; the ten are: Buddha-realm, Bodhisattva-realm, pratyekabuddha-realm, śrāvaka, deva, Human, asura, Demon, Animal, and Hades realms-a Huayan category. Tiantai has ten for meditaton, i.e. the realms of the eighteen media of perception (the six organs, six objects, and six sense-data or sensations), of illusion, sickness, karma, māra, samādhi, (false) views, pride, the two lower Vehicles, and the Bodhisattva Vehicle; experiential realm


see styles
fǎ shēn
    fa3 shen1
fa shen
{Buddh} (See 三身) dharmakaya (dharma body, Buddhism's highest form of existence); (surname) Hotsushin
dharmakāya, embodiment of Truth and Law, the "spiritual" or true body; essential Buddhahood; the essence of being; the absolute, the norm of the universe; the first of the trikāya, v.三身. The dharmakāya is divided into 總 unity and 別 diversity; as in the noumenal absolute and phenomenal activities, or potential and dynamic; but there are differences of interpretation, e.g. as between the 法相 and 法性 schools. Cf. 法身體性. There are many categories of the dharmakāya. In the 2 group 二法身 are five kinds: (1) 理 "substance" and 智 wisdom or expression; (2) 法性法身 essential nature and 應化法身 manifestation; the other three couples are similar. In the 3 group 三法身 are (1) the manifested Buddha, i.e. Śākyamuni; (2) the power of his teaching, etc.; (3) the absolute or ultimate reality. There are other categories; dharma-body



see styles
guàn dǐng
    guan4 ding3
kuan ting
 kanjou; kanchou / kanjo; kancho
    かんじょう; かんちょう
(1) {Buddh} baptism-like ceremony performed by the buddhas on a bodhisattva who attains buddhahood; (2) {Buddh} baptism-like ceremony for conferring onto someone precepts, a mystic teaching, etc. (in esoteric Buddhism); (3) {Buddh} pouring water onto a gravestone; (4) teaching esoteric techniques, compositions, etc. (in Japanese poetry or music)
abhiṣecana; mūrdhābhiṣikta; inauguration or consecration by sprinkling, or pouring water on the head; an Indian custom on the investiture of a king, whose head was baptized with water from the four seas and from the rivers in his domain; in China it is administered as a Buddhist rite chiefly to high personages, and for ordination purposes. Amongst the esoterics it is a rite especially administered to their disciples; and they have several categories of baptism, e.g. that of ordinary disciples, of teacher, or preacher, of leader, of office-bearer; also for special causes such as relief from calamity, preparation for the next life, etc.



see styles
wú jì
    wu2 ji4
wu chi
? avyākṛta, or avyākhyāta. UnrecordabIe (either as good or bad); neutral, neither good nor bad; things that are innocent or cannot be classified under moral categories. Cf. 三性; moral indeterminacy in karma

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.


This page contains 100 results for "Egor" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

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Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

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