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Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

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one; single; a (article); as soon as; entire; whole; all; throughout; "one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1); also pr. [yao1] for greater clarity when spelling out numbers digit by digit
(numeric) one (chi: yī); (female given name) Moto
eka. One, unity, monad, once, the same; immediately on (seeing, hearing, etc.).

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 rei / re

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male adult; the 4th of the 10 Heavenly Stems 天干[tian1 gan1]; fourth (used like "4" or "D"); small cube of meat or vegetable; (literary) to encounter; (archaic) ancient Chinese compass point: 195°; (chemistry) butyl
(1) (てい only) (See 甲乙丙丁) fourth rank; fourth class; fourth party (in a contract, etc.); (2) (esp. ひのと) fourth sign of the Chinese calendar; (3) (てい only) (abbreviation) (rare) (See 丁抹・デンマーク) Denmark; (surname) Rei

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 chuu / chu

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clown; 2nd earthly branch: 1-3 a.m., 12th solar month (6th January to 3rd February), year of the Ox; ancient Chinese compass point: 30°
(1) the Ox (second sign of the Chinese zodiac); (2) (obsolete) (See 丑の刻) hour of the Ox (around 2am, 1-3am, or 2-4am); (3) (obsolete) north-northeast; (4) (obsolete) twelfth month of the lunar calendar; (personal name) Chuu

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Buddhism / Buddha
Buddha; Buddhism (abbr. for 佛陀[Fo2 tuo2])
(surname) Hotoke
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.

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Scholar / Confucian
scholar; Confucian
Confucianism; Confucianist; Chinese scholar
A scholar; learned. Confucian.

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 kou / ko

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Phoenix (female)
(See 鳳凰,四霊) huang (female Chinese firebird); (female given name) Kō

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definitely; absolutely (not); (scoffing or dismissive interjection) Yeah, right.; Tut!; to grind; (bound form) close to; (bound form) eager; to correspond to; (used to indicate that the fanqie 反切[fan3 qie4] system should be applied to the previous two characters)
(noun or adjectival noun) (1) (See 切に,切なる) eager; earnest; ardent; kind; keen; acute; (interjection) (2) (abbreviation) (also きり) (See 切る・3) OFF (on switch)
To cut, carve; a whole; urgent; the 反切 system of spelling, i. e. the combination of the initial sound of one Chinese word with the final sound of another to indicate the sound of a third, a system introduced by translators of Buddhist works; v. 反.

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danger; to endanger; Taiwan pr. [wei2]
(1) danger; (2) {astron} (See 危宿,二十八宿,玄武・げんぶ・2) Chinese "rooftop" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)

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 myou / myo

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Clever / Superb / Wonderful
clever; wonderful
(noun or adjectival noun) (1) strange; weird; odd; curious; (noun or adjectival noun) (2) wonder; mystery; miracle; excellence; (noun or adjectival noun) (3) cleverness; adroitness; knack; skill; (surname) Myō
su, sat, mañju, sūkṣma. Wonderful, beautiful, mystic, supernatural, profound, subtle, mysterious. su means good, excellent, surpassing, beautiful, fine, easy. sat means existing, real, good. mañju means beautiful, lovely, charming. Intp. in Chinese as 不可思議 beyond thought or discussion; 絕待 special, outstanding; 無比 incomparable; 精微深遠 subtle and profound.

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Zhang / Cheung
to open up; to spread; sheet of paper; classifier for flat objects, sheet; classifier for votes
(1) (archaism) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "Extended Net" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (suf,ctr) (2) counter for objects with stretched strings (i.e. bows, kotos), curtains, papers, etc.; (given name) Miharu

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(1) law (esp. ancient East Asian criminal code); regulation; (2) {Buddh} vinaya (rules for the monastic community); (3) (abbreviation) (See 律宗) Ritsu (school of Buddhism); (4) (abbreviation) (See 律詩) lüshi (style of Chinese poem); (5) (also りち) (musical) pitch; (6) (See 十二律,呂・2) six odd-numbered notes of the ancient chromatic scale; (7) (abbreviation) (See 律旋) Japanese seven-tone gagaku scale, similar to Dorian mode (corresponding to: re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do); (n,n-suf,ctr) (8) step (in traditional Eastern music, corresponding to a Western semitone); (personal name) Ritsuji
vinaya, from vi-ni, to 1ead, train: discipline: v. 毘奈耶; other names are Prātimokṣa, śīla, and upalakṣa. The discipline, or monastic rules; one of the three divisions of the Canon, or Tripiṭaka, and said to have been compiled by Upāli.

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 haato / hato

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Heart / Mind / Spirit
heart; mind; intention; center; core; CL:顆|颗[ke1],個|个[ge4]
(1) (See 心・こころ・1) heart; mind; spirit; vitality; inner strength; (2) bottom of one's heart; core (of one's character); nature; (3) (usu. written as 芯) (See 芯・2) centre; center; core; heart; (4) (See 心臓・1) heart (organ); (5) {astron} (See 二十八宿) Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (6) (archaism) (child. language) friend; (given name) Haato
hṛd, hṛdaya 汗栗太 (or 汗栗馱); 紀哩馱 the heart, mind, soul; citta 質多 the heart as the seat of thought or intelligence. In both senses the heart is likened to a lotus. There are various definitions, of which the following are six instances: (1) 肉團心 hṛd, the physical heart of sentient or nonsentient living beings, e. g. men, trees, etc. (2) 集起心 citta, the ālayavijñāna, or totality of mind, and the source of all mental activity. (3) 思量心 manas, the thinking and calculating mind; (4) 緣慮心; 了別心; 慮知心; citta; the discriminating mind; (5) 堅實心 the bhūtatathatā mind, or the permanent mind; (6) 積聚精要心 the mind essence of the sutras.

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Idea / Thought / Meaning
idea; meaning; thought; to think; wish; desire; intention; to expect; to anticipate
(1) feelings; thoughts; (2) meaning; (personal name) Kokoro
Manas, the sixth of the ṣaḍāyatanas or six means of perception, i.e. sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and mind. Manas means "mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience, will". M.W. It is "the intellectual function of consciousness", Keith. In Chinese it connotes thought, idea, intention, meaning, will; but in Buddhist terminology its distinctive meaning is mind, or the faculty of thought.

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Fight / Beat Someone
dry measure for grain equal to ten 升[sheng1] or one-tenth of a 石[dan4]; decaliter; peck; cup or dipper shaped object; old variant of 陡[dou3]
kanji radical 68 at right; (given name) Hakaru
A bushel, i. e. ten Chinese pints.

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Journey / Travel
trip; travel; to travel; brigade (army)
(hist) 500-man battalion (Zhou dynasty Chinese army); (surname) Taya

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book; letter; document; CL:本[ben3],冊|册[ce4],部[bu4]; to write
(n,n-suf) (1) book; document; (2) calligraphy (esp. Chinese); penmanship; (3) handwriting; (4) letter; note
likh; to write; pustaka, a writing, book; lekha, a letter, document.

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 rei / re

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(kana only) Japanese plum (Prunus salicina); Chinese plum; (female given name) Rei

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 riyou / riyo

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{astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "Willow" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (surname) Riyou
A willow.

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 mei / me

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plum; plum flower; Japanese apricot (Prunus mume)
(out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) Japanese apricot (Prunus mume); Chinese plum; (2) lowest (of a three-tier ranking system); (1) Japanese apricot (Prunus mume); Chinese plum; (2) lowest (of a three-tier ranking system); (surname) Mei
The plum.

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variant of 梅[mei2]
(1) Japanese apricot (Prunus mume); Chinese plum; (2) lowest (of a three-tier ranking system); (surname) Umezaki

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to wish for; to desire; variant of 慾|欲[yu4]
greed; craving; desire; avarice; wants; (surname) Yoku
rājas, passion. Also kāma, desire, love. The Chinese word means to breathe after, aspire to, desire, and is also used as 慾 for lust, passion; it is inter alia intp. as 染愛塵 tainted with the dust (or dirt) of love, or lust. The three desires are for beauty, demeanour, and softness; the five are those of the five physical senses.

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 jou / jo

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clean; completely; only; net (income, exports etc); (Chinese opera) painted face male role
(female given name) Jō
vimala. Clean, pure; to cleanse, purify; chastity. In Buddhism it also has reference to the place of cleansing, the latrine, etc. Also 浄 and 净.

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fire; urgent; ammunition; fiery or flaming; internal heat (Chinese medicine); hot (popular); classifier for military units (old); Kangxi radical 86
(n,n-suf) fire; flame; blaze
Fire, flame. Śikhin 尸棄; 式棄, which means fire in the sense of flame, is the name of the 999th Buddha of the kalpa preceding this.

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Ox / Bull / Cow
ox; cow; bull; CL:條|条[tiao2],頭|头[tou2]; newton (abbr. for 牛頓|牛顿[niu2 dun4]); (slang) awesome
(1) cattle (Bos taurus); cow; bull; ox; calf; (2) (usu. ぎゅう) (See 牛肉) beef; (3) (ぎゅう only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,玄武・げんぶ・2) Chinese "Ox" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (surname) Niu
go, gaus; ox, bull, bullock, etc. A term applied to the Buddha Gautama as in 牛王 king of bulls, possibly because of the derivation of his name; the phrase 騎牛來牛 (or 騎牛覔牛) to ride an ox, to seek an ox, means to use the Buddha to find the Buddha.

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 kei / ke

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chime stones, ancient percussion instrument made of stone or jade pieces hung in a row and struck as a xylophone
sounding stone; qing; ancient Chinese chime shaped like a chevron (inverted 'v'), orig. of stone, today often metal, in Japan primarily used at Buddhist temples; (given name) Kei
A piece of flat stone or metal, used as a gong, or for musical percussion.

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 ryou / ryo

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Dragon / Emperor Symbol
Japanese variant of 龍|龙
(1) dragon (esp. a Chinese dragon); (2) naga; semi-divine human-cobra chimera in Hindu and Buddhist mythology; (surname, female given name) Ryō

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simple; uncomplicated; letter; to choose; to select; bamboo strips used for writing (old)
(1) (See 簡にして要を得る) (ant: 繁・1) simplicity; brevity; (2) letter; note; correspondence; (3) bamboo writing strip (in ancient China); (4) (abbreviation) (See 簡体字) simplified Chinese character; (surname) Kan
A tablet, memorandum; to abridge; appoint; examine; abrupt, concise, direct.

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wing; area surrounding the bullseye of a target; to assist; one of the 28 constellations of Chinese astronomy; old variant of 翌
(1) wing; (2) (よく only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "Wings" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (suf,ctr) (3) (よく only) (archaism) counter for birds or bird wings; (female given name) Yoku

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Cao / Kusa / Grass
variant of 肏[cao4]
(1) draft; rough copy; (2) (abbreviation) (See 草書) highly cursive style (of writing Chinese characters); grass style; (female given name) Hajime
Grass, herbs, plants; rough; female (of animals, birds, etc. ).

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 shou / sho

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miserable; desolate; dreary; Chinese mugwort
(1) Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps, Artemisia indica var. maximowiczii); (2) general term for plants in the Artemisia genus; mugwort; sagebrush; wormwood; (surname) Shou

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 shinkou / shinko

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(of taste) hot or pungent; hard; laborious; suffering; eighth in order; eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1]; letter "H" or Roman "VIII" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; ancient Chinese compass point: 285°; octa
8th in rank; eighth sign of the Chinese calendar; (surname) Shinkou

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Gold / Metal
gold; chemical element Au; generic term for lustrous and ductile metals; money; golden; highly respected; one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]
(1) gold (metal); (2) (See 金色) gold (color); (3) gold (medal); first place (prize); (noun - becomes adjective with の) (4) something of great value; something golden (e.g. silence); (5) money; gold coin; (6) (written before an amount of money) sum (of money); (7) (abbreviation) (See 金曜) Friday; (n,ctr) (8) karat (measure of purity of gold); carat; (9) (See 五行・1) metal (fourth phase of Wu Xing); (10) (hist) Jin dynasty (of China; 1115-1234); Chin dynasty; Jurchen dynasty; (11) (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 金将) gold general; (12) (abbreviation) (colloquialism) (See 金玉) testicles; (surname) Kimu; Kim
hiraṇya, 伊爛拏 which means cold, any precious metal, semen, etc.; or 蘇伐刺 suvarṇa, which means "of a good or beautiful colour", "golden", "yellow", "gold", "a gold coin", etc. The Chinese means metal, gold, money.

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Nguyen / Ruan
ruan, a four-stringed Chinese lute
(surname) Nguyen

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 you / yo

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to lay out; to exhibit; to display; to narrate; to state; to explain; to tell; old; stale
(1) (hist) Chen (ancient Chinese state; approx. 1045-479 BCE); Ch'en; (2) (hist) Chen dynasty (of China; 557-589 BCE); Ch'en dynasty; (surname) Yō
Arrange, marshal, spread, state; old, stale.

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 youji / yoji

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Yako / Minami
positive (electric.); sun; male principle (Taoism); Yang, opposite: 陰|阴[yin1]
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) (the) positive; (2) (ant: 陰・2) yang (in Chinese divination); (3) (See 陰に陽に) the open; visible place; public place; (personal name) Yōji
The side on which the sun shines, the sun, heat, this life, positive, masculine, dynamic, etc.

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horse; CL:匹[pi3]; horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess; knight in Western chess
(1) horse; (2) (See 競馬) horse racing; (3) (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 竜馬・2) promoted bishop; (4) {cards} knight (court card in mekuri karuta and unsun karuta); (surname) Me
aśva, a horse; a stallion; one of the seven treasures of a sovereign.

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Ghost Demon
disembodied spirit; ghost; devil; (suffix) person with a certain vice or addiction etc; sly; crafty; resourceful (variant of 詭|诡[gui3]); one of the 28 constellations of ancient Chinese astronomy
(1) ogre; demon; oni; (2) (See 亡魂) spirit of a deceased person; (3) (おに only) ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.); (4) (おに only) (See 鬼ごっこ・おにごっこ) it (in a game of tag, hide-and-seek, etc.); (5) (き only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (prefix) (6) (おに only) (slang) (See 超・1) very; extremely; super-; (surname) Miniwa
preta 薜荔多, departed, dead; a disembodied spirit, dead person, ghost; a demon, evil being; especially a 餓鬼 hungry ghost. They are of many kinds. The Fan-i ming i classifies them as poor, medium, and rich; each again thrice subdivided: (1) (a) with mouths like burning torches; (b) throats no bigger than needles; (c) vile breath, disgusting to themselves; (2) (a) needle-haired, self-piercing; (b) hair sharp and stinking; (c) having great wens on whose pus they must feed. (3) (a) living on the remains of sacrifices; (b) on leavings in general; (c) powerful ones, yakṣas, rākṣasas, piśācas, etc. All belong to the realm of Yama, whence they are sent everywhere, consequently are ubiquitous in every house, lane, market, mound, stream, tree, etc.

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fry (newly hatched fish); legendary giant fish that could transform into a giant bird 鵬|鹏[Peng2]
(archaism) (See 鵬) kun (in Chinese mythology, giant fish said to be able to turn into a bird)

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bird; CL:隻|只[zhi1],群[qun2]; "bird" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 196); (dialect) to pay attention to; (intensifier) damned; goddamn
(1) bird; (2) bird meat (esp. chicken meat); fowl; poultry; (surname) Yanadori
A bird.

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 pou / po

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Phoenix (male)
(rare) (See 鳳凰) feng (male Chinese firebird); (given name) Pou
The 'phœnix' the auspicious bird.

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variant of 鱉|鳖[bie1]
(1) (kana only) Chinese soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis); soft-shelled turtle (Trionychidae); (2) (すっぽん only) trap door located on the walkway in a kabuki theatre; (3) (すっぽん only) bilge pump (used on traditional Japanese ships); (surname) Kame
A turtle, tortoise.

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 riyou / riyo

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dragon; CL:條|条[tiao2]; imperial
(out-dated kanji) (1) dragon (esp. a Chinese dragon); (2) naga; semi-divine human-cobra chimera in Hindu and Buddhist mythology; (personal name) Riyou
A dragon, dragon-like, imperial; tr. for nāga, which means snake, serpent; also elephant, elephantine, serpent-like, etc., cf. 那.


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(expression) (joc) (colloquialism) (used in place of だ when attributing an utterance to a Chinese person; poss. from Manchukuo pidgin) be; is; (personal name) Al


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(kana only) Chinese chive; garlic chive (Allium tuberosum)



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sān guó
    san1 guo2
san kuo

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Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms period (220-280) in Chinese history; any of several Three Kingdoms periods in Korean history, esp. from 1st century AD to unification under Silla 新羅|新罗[Xin1 luo2] in 658
(surname) Mitsukuni


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shàng dì
    shang4 di4
shang ti
 joutei; shoutei / jote; shote
    じょうてい; しょうてい

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God of Zion / God of Abraham
(1) Shangdi (creator deity in Chinese folk religion); (2) {Christn} God


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 chuui / chui

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Chinese Traditional Medicine
Chinese medicine



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zhōng yī
    zhong1 yi1
chung i

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Chinese Traditional Medicine
traditional Chinese medical science; a doctor trained in Chinese medicine
See: 中医


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wǔ xíng
    wu3 xing2
wu hsing
 gogyou / gogyo

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Five Elements
five phases of Chinese philosophy: wood 木, fire 火, earth 土, metal 金, water 水
(1) (See 五大・ごだい・1) the five elements (in Chinese philosophy: wood, fire, earth, metal and water); the five phases; wu xing; (2) {Buddh} five practices of the Bodhisattvas; (3) (See 六信五行) the five pillars of Islam; (surname, given name) Gogyou
The five lines of conduct. I. According to the 起信論 Awakening of Faith they are almsgiving; keeping the commandments; patience under insult; zeal or progress; meditation. II. According to the 涅槃經 Nirvana Sutra they are saintly or bodhisattva deeds; arhat, or noble deeds; deva deeds; children's deeds (i. e. normal good deeds of men, devas, and Hinayanists); sickness conditions, e. g. illness, delusion, etc.; — into all these lines of conduct and conditions a Bodhisattva enters. III. The five elements, or tanmātra— wood, fire, earth, metal, and water; or earth, water, ire, air, and ether (or space) as taught by the later Mahāyāna philosophy; idem 五大.



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jīng jù
    jing1 ju4
ching chü
 kyougeki; keigeki / kyogeki; kegeki
    きょうげき; けいげき

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Beijing Opera
Beijing opera; CL:場|场[chang3],齣|出[chu1]
classical Chinese opera


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nán jīng
    nan2 jing1
nan ching

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Nanjing subprovincial city on the Changjiang, capital of Jiangsu province 江蘇|江苏; capital of China at different historical periods
(1) Nanjing (China); Nanking; (2) (ksb:) (See カボチャ) pumpkin; squash; (prefix noun) (3) Chinese; Southeast Asian; foreign; (prefix noun) (4) rare; precious; cute; (place-name) Nanking (China); Nanjing



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sī mǎ
    si1 ma3
ssu ma

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Minister of War (official title in pre-Han Chinese states); two-character surname Sima
(hist) (See 六卿) Minister of War (Zhou dynasty China); (given name) Shime



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dì yù
    di4 yu4
ti yü

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hell; infernal; underworld; (Buddhism) Naraka
hell; (place-name) Jigoku
naraka, 捺落迦 (or 那落迦) ; niraya 泥犂; explained by 不樂 joyless; 可厭 disgusting, hateful; 苦具, 苦器 means of suffering; if 地獄 earth-prison; 冥府 the shades, or departments of darkness. Earth-prison is generally intp. as hell or the hells; it may also be termed purgatory; one of the six gati or ways of transmigration. The hells are divided into three classes: I. Central, or radical, 根本地獄 consisting of (1) The eight hot hells. These were the original hells of primitive Buddhism, and are supposed to be located umder the southern continent Jambudvīpa 瞻部州, 500 yojanas below the surface. (a) 等活 or 更活 Saṃjīva, rebirth, where after many kinds of suffering a cold wind blows over the soul and returns it to this life as it was before, hence the name 等活. (b) 黑繩 Kaslasūtra, where the sufferer is bound with black chains and chopped or sawn asunder. (c) 線合; 衆合; 堆壓 Saṃghāta, where are multitudes of implements of torture, or the falling of mountains upon the sufferer. (d) 號呌; 呼呼; 叫喚 Raurava, hell of wailing. (e) 大呌; 大號呌; 大呼 Mahāraurava, hell of great wailing. (f) 炎熱; 燒炙 Tapana, hell of fames and burning. (g) 大熱; 大燒炙; 大炎熱 Pratāpana, hell of molten lead. (h) 無間; 河鼻旨; 阿惟越致; 阿毗至; 阿鼻; 阿毗 Avīci, unintermitted suffering, where sinners die and are reborn to suffer without interval. (2) The eight cold hells 八寒地獄. (a) 頞浮陀地獄 Arbuda, where the cold causes blisters. (b) 尼刺部陀 Nirarbuda, colder still causing the blisters to burst. (c) 頞哳吒; 阿吒吒 Atata, where this is the only possible sound from frozen lips. (d) 臛臛婆; 阿波波 Hahava or Apapa, where it is so cold that only this sound can be uttered. (e) 虎虎婆 Hāhādhara or Huhuva, where only this sound can be uttered. (f) 嗢鉢羅; 鬱鉢羅 (or 優鉢羅) Utpala, or 尼羅鳥 (or 漚) 鉢羅 Nīlotpala, where the skin is frozen like blue lotus buds. (g) 鉢特摩 Padma, where the skin is frozen and bursts open like red lotus buds. (h) 摩訶鉢特摩 Mahāpadma, ditto like great red lotus buds. Somewhat different names are also given. Cf. 倶舍論 8; 智度論 16; 涅槃經 11. II. The secondary hells are called 近邊地獄 adjacent hells or 十六遊增 each of its four sides, opening from each such door are four adjacent hells, in all sixteen; thus with the original eight there are 136. A list of eighteen hells is given in the 十八泥梨經. III. A third class is called the 孤地獄 (獨地獄) Lokāntarika, or isolated hells in mountains, deserts, below the earth and above it. Eitel says in regard to the eight hot hells that they range 'one beneath the other in tiers which begin at a depth of 11,900 yojanas and reach to a depth of 40,000 yojanas'. The cold hells are under 'the two Tchahavālas and range shaft-like one below the other, but so that this shaft is gradually widening to the fourth hell and then narrowing itself again so that the first and last hell have the shortest, those in the centre the longest diameter'. 'Every universe has the same number of hells, ' but 'the northern continent has no hell whatever, the two continents east and west of Meru have only small Lokāntarika hells... whilst all the other hells are required for the inhabitants of the southern continent '. It may be noted that the purpose of these hells is definitely punitive, as well as purgatorial. Yama is the judge and ruler, assisted by eighteen officers and a host of demons, who order or administer the various degrees of torture. 'His sister performs the same duties with regard to female criminals, ' and it may be mentioned that the Chinese have added the 血盆池 Lake of the bloody bath, or 'placenta tank' for women who die in childbirth. Release from the hells is in the power of the monks by tantric means.


see styles
dà yáng
    da4 yang2
ta yang

More info & calligraphy:

Great Sea
ocean; (old) silver dollar; (slang) Chinese yuan
(noun - becomes adjective with の) ocean; (personal name) Motohiro



see styles
tài jí
    tai4 ji2
t`ai chi
    tai chi

More info & calligraphy:

Tai Chi / Tai Ji
the Absolute or Supreme Ultimate, the source of all things according to some interpretations of Chinese mythology
taiji (in Chinese philosophy, the principle that embodies all potential things, incl. time and space); (personal name) Taikyoku


see styles
kǒng zǐ
    kong3 zi3
k`ung tzu
    kung tzu

More info & calligraphy:

Confucius (551-479 BC), Chinese thinker and social philosopher, also known as 孔夫子[Kong3 fu1 zi3]
Confucius; (female given name) Yoshiko



see styles
xiǎo lóng
    xiao3 long2
hsiao lung

More info & calligraphy:

Little Dragon
snake (as one of the 12 Chinese zodiac animals 生肖[sheng1 xiao4])


see styles
quán fǎ
    quan2 fa3
ch`üan fa
    chüan fa
 kenpou / kenpo

More info & calligraphy:

Kenpo / Kempo / Quan Fa / Chuan Fa
boxing; fighting technique
(1) Chinese martial arts; kung fu; wushu; quanfa; (2) kenpō (martial arts); kempo


see styles
tuī ná
    tui1 na2
t`ui na
    tui na

More info & calligraphy:

Therapeutic Massage
tui na (form of Chinese manual therapy)
tui na (Chinese massage)


see styles
sǎn dǎ
    san3 da3
san ta
 sanda; sanda
    サンダ; さんだ

More info & calligraphy:

Mixed Martial Arts / MMA
mixed martial arts
sanda (chi:); sanshou; Chinese boxing; Chinese kickboxing


see styles
zhū què
    zhu1 que4
chu ch`üeh
    chu chüeh

More info & calligraphy:

rosefinch (genus Carpodacus)
(1) (See 四神) Vermilion Bird (god said to rule over the southern heavens); (2) {astron} (See 二十八宿) seven mansions (Chinese constellations) of the southern heavens; (surname) Sujiyaku
red bird


see styles
lín qín
    lin2 qin2
lin ch`in
    lin chin

More info & calligraphy:

Chinese pearleaf crabapple (Malus asiatica)
(1) (kana only) apple (fruit); (2) (kana only) apple tree (Malus pumila); (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) (kana only) apple (fruit); (2) (kana only) apple tree (Malus pumila); (surname, female given name) Ringo


see styles
gǒu qǐ
    gou3 qi3
kou ch`i
    kou chi

More info & calligraphy:

wolfberry (Lycium chinense); genus Lycium
(kana only) Chinese matrimony vine (Lycium chinense); Chinese wolfberry; goji; (surname) Kuko
a kind of tree


see styles
guì pí
    gui4 pi2
kuei p`i
    kuei pi
 keihi / kehi

More info & calligraphy:

Chinese cinnamon (Cinnamonum cassia); cassia bark
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (See シナモン) cinnamon; cassia (bark)


see styles
jié gěng
    jie2 geng3
chieh keng
 kikiyou / kikiyo

More info & calligraphy:

Bellflower / Herb of Bellflower
Chinese bellflower
Chinese bellflower (Platycodon grandiflorus); (surname) Kikiyou



see styles
wǔ shù
    wu3 shu4
wu shu

More info & calligraphy:

Martial Arts / Wushu
military skill or technique (in former times); all kinds of martial art sports (some claiming spiritual development); self-defense; tradition of choreographed fights from opera and film (recent usage); also called kungfu 功夫; CL:種|种[zhong3]
(1) martial arts; military arts; (2) (See 武術太極拳) wushu (Chinese martial art)



see styles
qì gōng
    qi4 gong1
ch`i kung
    chi kung

More info & calligraphy:

Qi Gong / Chi Kung
qigong, a traditional Chinese system of cultivating vital energy 氣|气[qi4] through coordinated breathing, movement and meditation


see styles
hùn dùn
    hun4 dun4
hun tun

More info & calligraphy:

primal chaos; formless mass before creation in Chinese mythology; muddled; innocent as a baby
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) confusion; chaos; disorder; (adj-t,adv-to) (2) chaotic; confused; uncertain; disarrayed; (given name) Konton
Mixed, confused, in disorder.


see styles
xuán wǔ
    xuan2 wu3
hsüan wu

More info & calligraphy:

Xuan Wu / Genbu / Black Tortoise God
Black Tortoise (the seven mansions of the north sky); (in Daoism) God of the north sky
(1) (See 四神) Black Tortoise (god said to rule over the northern heavens); (2) {astron} (See 二十八宿) seven mansions (Chinese constellations) of the northern heavens; (personal name) Hirotake


see styles
bái hǔ
    bai2 hu3
pai hu

More info & calligraphy:

White Tiger
White Tiger (the seven mansions of the west sky); (slang) hairless female genitalia
(1) (See 四神) White Tiger (Taoist god said to rule over the western heavens); (2) {astron} (See 二十八宿) seven mansions (Chinese constellations) of the western heavens; (given name) Byakko


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Shen Long
(myth) Shen Long (spiritual dragon in Chinese mythology); Shen-lung



see styles
jīng jìn
    jing1 jin4
ching chin
 shoujin / shojin
to forge ahead vigorously; to dedicate oneself to progress
(n,vs,vi) (1) concentration; diligence; devotion; (n,vs,vi) (2) {Buddh} (See 六波羅蜜) asceticism; zeal in one's quest for enlightenment; (n,vs,vi) (3) adherence to a vegetarian diet; (surname) Shoujin
vīrya, one of the seven bodhyaṅga; 'vigour,' 'valour, fortitude,' 'virility' (M.W.); 'welldoing' (Keith). The Chinese interpretation may be defined, as pure or unadulterated progress, i.e. 勤 zeal, zealous, courageously progressing in the good and eliminating the evil.; vīrya, zeal, unchecked progress.


see styles
lǎo zi
    lao3 zi5
lao tzu
 roushi / roshi

More info & calligraphy:

Lao Tzu / Laozi
father; daddy; "I, your father" (in anger, or out of contempt); I (used arrogantly or jocularly)
Laozi; Lao Tzu; Lao Tse; (person) Laozi (semi-legendary Chinese philosopher and deity); Lao Tzu; Lao Tse
Laozi, or Laocius, the accepted founder of the Daoists. The theory that his soul went to India and was reborn as the Buddha is found in the 齊書 History of the Qi dynasty 顧歡傳.


see styles
zì rán
    zi4 ran2
tzu jan

More info & calligraphy:

nature; natural; naturally
(n,adv) occurring naturally (without human influence); (female given name) Minori
svayaṃbhū, also 自爾; 法爾 self-existing, the self-existent; Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and others; in Chinese it is 'self-so', so of itself, natural, of course, spontaneous. It also means uncaused existence, certain sects of heretics 自然外道 denying Buddhist cause and effect and holding that things happen spontaneously.



see styles
wǔ shī
    wu3 shi1
wu shih

More info & calligraphy:

Lion Dance
lion dance (traditional Chinese dance form)



see styles
yè wèn
    ye4 wen4
yeh wen
 ippu man

More info & calligraphy:

Ip Man
Yip Man (1893-1972), martial arts practitioner, master of Bruce Lee
(person) Ip Man (Chinese martial artist); Yip Man



see styles
cāng lóng
    cang1 long2
ts`ang lung
    tsang lung
 souryuu / soryu

More info & calligraphy:

Blue Dragon
Blue Dragon, other name of the Azure Dragon 青龍|青龙 (the seven mansions of the east sky)
(1) blue dragon; (2) Azure Dragon (god said to rule over the eastern heavens); (3) (astron) seven mansions (Chinese constellations) of the eastern heavens; (4) large horse with a bluish-leaden coat; (5) shape of an old pine tree; (given name) Souryū


see styles
chī yóu
    chi1 you2
ch`ih yu
    chih yu
 shiyuu / shiyu

More info & calligraphy:

God of Warcraft
Chiyou, legendary tribal leader who was defeated and killed by the Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝[Huang2 di4]
(archaism) Chinese god of war


see styles
xī shī
    xi1 shi1
hsi shih
 seishi / seshi

More info & calligraphy:

Xishi / Xi Shi
Xishi (c. 450 BC), famous Chinese beauty, foremost of the four legendary beauties 四大美女[si4 da4 mei3 nu:3], given by King Gou Jian 勾踐|勾践[Gou1 Jian4] of Yue as concubine to King of Wu as part of a successful plan to destroy Wu
(personal name) Seishi



see styles
yǒng chūn
    yong3 chun1
yung ch`un
    yung chun

More info & calligraphy:

Wing Chun
Wing Chun; same as 詠春拳|咏春拳[yong3 chun1 quan2]; Yongchun - "Singing Spring Fist" (Chinese martial art)


see styles
dào jiào
    dao4 jiao4
tao chiao

More info & calligraphy:

Daoism / Taoism
Taoism; Daoism (Chinese system of beliefs)
Taoism; Daoism; (personal name) Michinori
Taoism. The teaching of the right way, i.e. of Buddhism.


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Drunken Fist
{MA} drunken boxing; styles of Chinese martial arts that imitate the movements of a drunk person



see styles
ā lán
    a1 lan2
a lan

More info & calligraphy:

Alan, Allen, Allan, Alain etc (name); A-lan (Chinese female name)
(female given name) Aran



see styles
jí dì
    ji2 di4
chi ti
{Buddh} (See 四諦) truth of the origin of suffering
samudaya, the second of the four dogmas, that the cause of suffering lies in the passions and their resultant karma. The Chinese 集 'accumulation' does not correctly translate samudaya, which means 'origination'.


see styles
léi shén
    lei2 shen2
lei shen

More info & calligraphy:

God of Thunder
god of thunder (Chinese Leigong 雷公[Lei2 gong1], Norse Thor 索爾|索尔[Suo3 er3], Greek Zeus 宙斯[Zhou4 si1] etc)
(1) god of thunder; (2) {Shinto} Raijin (god of thunder); (place-name) Raijin



see styles
mǎ yún
    ma3 yun2
ma yün
Ma Yun (1964-), aka Jack Ma, Chinese billionaire businessman, co-founder of Alibaba 阿里巴巴[A1 li3 ba1 ba1]



see styles
fèng huáng
    feng4 huang2
feng huang
 houou / hoo

More info & calligraphy:

Legendary Phoenix
(sometimes erroneously associated with the Egyptian phoenix) (See フェニックス・1) Chinese firebird; Chinese phoenix; (surname, female given name) Houou
the phoenix


see styles
qí lín
    qi2 lin2
ch`i lin
    chi lin

More info & calligraphy:

Kirin / Giraffe / Mythical Creature
qilin (mythical Chinese animal); kylin; Chinese unicorn; commonly mistranslated as giraffe
(1) (kana only) giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis); (2) qilin (Chinese unicorn); (3) Kirin (brand of beer); (surname, female given name) Kirin
Male and female unicorns; the qilin in general.


see styles
 ikkakujuu / ikkakuju

More info & calligraphy:

(1) unicorn; (2) (See 一角・いっかく・3) narwhal; (3) (See 麒麟・2) qilin (Chinese unicorn)


see styles
bā guà zhǎng
    ba1 gua4 zhang3
pa kua chang
 hakkeshou / hakkesho

More info & calligraphy:

Ba Gua Zhang
baguazhang (a form of Chinese boxing)
{MA} eight trigrams palm; ba gua zhang; pa kua chang



see styles
bā jí quán
    ba1 ji2 quan2
pa chi ch`üan
    pa chi chüan

More info & calligraphy:

Ba Ji Quan
Ba Ji Quan "Eight Extremes Fist" - Martial Art
bajiquan (Chinese martial art)


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Neijia Fist
{MA} neijia (Chinese martial arts style); internal martial arts



see styles
sūn wù kōng
    sun1 wu4 kong1
sun wu k`ung
    sun wu kung
 songokuu / songoku

More info & calligraphy:

Sun Wukong / Son Goku
Sun Wukong, the Monkey King, character with supernatural powers in the novel Journey to the West 西遊記|西游记[Xi1 you2 Ji4]; Son Goku, the main character in Dragon Ball 七龍珠|七龙珠[Qi1 long2 zhu1]
(1) (char) Sun Wukong (character in the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West); Monkey King; (2) (char) Son Goku (Dragon Ball); (ch) Sun Wukong (character in the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West); Monkey King; (ch) Son Goku (Dragon Ball)


see styles
xíng yì quán
    xing2 yi4 quan2
hsing i ch`üan
    hsing i chüan
 keiiken / keken

More info & calligraphy:

Xing Yi Quan
Xingyiquan (Chinese martial art)
{MA} shape-of-the-mind fist; Hsing I Chuan


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Mumonkan / The Gateless Gate
(work) The Gateless Barrier (13th century collection of koans, compiled by Chinese monk Wumen); The Gateless Gate; (wk) The Gateless Barrier (13th century collection of koans, compiled by Chinese monk Wumen); The Gateless Gate



see styles
shí shī zi
    shi2 shi1 zi5
shih shih tzu

More info & calligraphy:

Fu Dog / Foo Dog
guardian lion, a lion statue traditionally placed at the entrance of Chinese imperial palaces, imperial tombs, temples etc



see styles
jīng qì shén
    jing1 qi4 shen2
ching ch`i shen
    ching chi shen

More info & calligraphy:

Three Treasures of Chinese Medicine
the three energies of Chinese medicine: 精[jing1], 氣|气[qi4], and 神[shen2]



see styles
xī yóu jì
    xi1 you2 ji4
hsi yu chi
 seiyuuki / seyuki

More info & calligraphy:

Journey to the West
"Journey to the West", Ming dynasty novel by Wu Cheng'en 吳承恩|吴承恩[Wu2 Cheng2 en1], one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature, also called "Pilgrimage to the West" or "Monkey"
(1) (work) Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature); (2) (work) Alakazam the Great (1960 animated film); (3) (work) Monkey (1978-1980 TV series); Monkey Magic; (4) (work) Saiyūki (2006 TV series); (wk) Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature); (wk) Alakazam the Great (1960 animated film); (wk) Monkey (1978-1980 TV series); Monkey Magic; (wk) Saiyūki (2006 TV series)



see styles
yǒng chūn quán
    yong3 chun1 quan2
yung ch`un ch`üan
    yung chun chüan

More info & calligraphy:

Wing Chun Fist
Yongchun - "Singing Spring Fist" (Chinese martial art)



see styles
zhū gě liàng
    zhu1 ge3 liang4
chu ko liang
 juugaa ryan / juga ryan

More info & calligraphy:

Zhuge Liang
Zhuge Liang (181-234), military leader and prime minister of Shu Han 蜀漢|蜀汉 during the Three Kingdoms period; the main hero of the fictional Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义, where he is portrayed as a sage and military genius; (fig.) a mastermind
(person) Zhuge Liang (181-234; Chinese statesman and military strategist)

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.


This page contains 100 results for "Chinese" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary