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Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
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Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

坐禪


坐禅

see styles
zuò chán
    zuo4 chan2
tso ch`an
    tso chan
 zazen

More info & calligraphy:

Sit in Meditation
to sit in meditation; to meditate
To sit in dhyāna, i.e. abstract meditation, fixed abstraction, contemplation; its introduction to China is attributed to Bodhidharma (though it came earlier), and its extension to Tiantai; sitting meditation

菩薩


菩萨

see styles
pú sà
    pu2 sa4
p`u sa
    pu sa
 mizoro
    みぞろ

More info & calligraphy:

Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
(n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (n,n-suf) (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (n,n-suf) (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.

see styles
qián
    qian2
ch`ien
    chien
 misaki
    みさき
front; forward; ahead; first; top (followed by a number); future; ago; before; BC (e.g. 前293年); former; formerly
(1) in front (of); before (e.g. a building); (n,adj-no,adv) (2) before; earlier; previously; prior; ago; (minutes) to (the hour); (noun - becomes adjective with の) (3) (the) front; frontal part; fore; head (e.g. of a line); (4) forward; ahead; (5) (in the) presence (of); in front (of someone); (can be adjective with の) (6) previous (e.g. page); prior (e.g. engagement); first (e.g. half); former (e.g. example); (suffix) (7) (after a noun or the -masu stem of a verb) (See 一人前・1) portion; helping; (8) front (of one's body or clothing); breast (of a coat, kimono, etc.); (9) privates; private parts; (10) (colloquialism) criminal record; previous conviction; (a) prior; (personal name) Misaki
pūrva. Before; former, previous; in front.


see styles
cóng
    cong2
ts`ung
    tsung
 jū
from; through; via; to follow; to obey; to engage in (an activity); never (in negative sentence); (Taiwan pr. [zong4]) retainer; assistant; auxiliary; subordinate; related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor
To follow, agree with, obey; from; followers, secondary; to follow

see styles

    mo2
mo
 ma
    ま
devil; magic
(1) demon; devil; evil spirit; evil influence; (suffix noun) (2) (See 覗き魔) -crazed person; -obsessed person; fiend; (surname) Ma
魔羅 Māra, killing, destroying; 'the Destroyer, Evil One, Devil' (M.W.); explained by murderer, hinderer, disturber, destroyer; he is a deva 'often represented with a hundred arms and riding on an elephant'. Eitel. He sends his daughters, or assumes monstrous forms, or inspires wicked men, to seduce or frighten the saints. He 'resides with legions of subordinates in the heaven Paranirmita Vaśavartin situated on the top of the Kāmadhātu'. Eitel. Earlier form 磨; also v. 波 Pāpīyān. He is also called 他化自在天. There are various categories of māras, e.g. the skandha-māra, passion-māra, etc; evil demon

三代

see styles
sān dài
    san1 dai4
san tai
 miyotsugu
    みよつぐ
three generations of a family; the three earliest dynasties (Xia, Shang and Zhou)
(1) three generations; three periods; (2) third generation; (personal name) Miyotsugu

三身

see styles
sān shēn
    san1 shen1
san shen
 sanmi
    さんみ
{Buddh} trikaya (three bodies of the Buddha); (surname) Sanmi
trikāya. 三寶身 The threefold body or nature of a Buddha, i.e. the 法, 報, and 化身, or dharmakāya, sambhogakāya, and nirmāṇakāya. The three are defined as 自性, 受用, and 變化, the Buddha-body per se, or in its essential nature; his body of bliss, which he "receives" for his own "use" and enjoyment; and his body of transformation, by which he can appear in any form; i.e. spiritual, or essential; glorified; revealed. While the doctrine of the trikāya is a Mahāyāna concept, it partly results from the Hīnayāna idealization of the earthly Buddha with his thirty-two signs, eighty physical marks, clairvoyance, clairaudience, holiness, purity, wisdom, pity, etc. Mahāyāna, however, proceeded to conceive of Buddha as the Universal, the All, with infinity of forms, yet above all our concepts of unity or diversity. To every Buddha Mahāyāna attributed a three-fold body: that of essential Buddha; that of joy or enjoyment of the fruits of his past saving labours; that of power to transform himself at will to any shape for omnipresent salvation of those who need him. The trinity finds different methods of expression, e.g. Vairocana is entitled 法身, the embodiment of the Law, shining everywhere, enlightening all; Locana is 報身; c.f. 三賓, the embodiment of purity and bliss; Śākyamuni is 化身 or Buddha revealed. In the esoteric sect they are 法 Vairocana, 報 Amitābha, and 化 Śākyamuni. The 三賓 are also 法 dharma, 報 saṅgha, 化 buddha. Nevertheless, the three are considered as a trinity, the three being essentially one, each in the other. (1) 法身 Dharmakāya in its earliest conception was that of the body of the dharma, or truth, as preached by Śākyamuni; later it became his mind or soul in contrast with his material body. In Mādhyamika, the dharmakāya was the only reality, i.e. the void, or the immateria1, the ground of all phenomena; in other words, the 眞如 the tathāgatagarbha, the bhūtatathatā. According to the Huayan (Kegon) School it is the 理or noumenon, while the other two are氣or phenomenal aspects. "For the Vijñānavāda... the body of the law as highest reality is the void intelligence, whose infection (saṃkleҫa) results in the process of birth and death, whilst its purification brings about Nirvāṇa, or its restoration to its primitive transparence" (Keith). The "body of the law is the true reality of everything". Nevertheless, in Mahāyāna every Buddha has his own 法身; e.g. in the dharmakāya aspect we have the designation Amitābha, who in his saṃbhogakāya aspect is styled Amitāyus. (2) 報身Sambhogakāya, a Buddha's reward body, or body of enjoyment of the merits he attained as a bodhisattva; in other words, a Buddha in glory in his heaven. This is the form of Buddha as an object of worship. It is defined in two aspects, (a) 自受用身 for his own bliss, and (b) 他受用身 for the sake of others, revealing himself in his glory to bodhisattvas, enlightening and inspiring them. By wisdom a Buddha's dharmakāya is attained, by bodhisattva-merits his saṃbhogakāya. Not only has every Buddha all the three bodies or aspects, but as all men are of the same essence, or nature, as Buddhas, they are therefore potential Buddhas and are in and of the trikāya. Moreover, trikāya is not divided, for a Buddha in his 化身 is still one with his 法身 and 報身, all three bodies being co-existent. (3) 化身; 應身; 應化身 nirmāṇakāya, a Buddha's transformation, or miraculous body, in which he appears at will and in any form outside his heaven, e.g. as Śākyamuni among men; three bodies [of the Buddha]

九州

see styles
jiǔ zhōu
    jiu3 zhou1
chiu chou
 kyuushuu / kyushu
    きゅうしゅう
division of China during earliest dynasties; fig. ancient China; Kyūshū, southernmost of Japan's four major islands
Kyūshū (southernmost of the four main islands of Japan); (place-name, surname) Kyūshuu

于闐


于阗

see styles
yú tián
    yu2 tian2
yü t`ien
    yü tien
 Uten
于遁; 于殿; 于塡; 谿丹; 屈丹; 和闐; 澳那; 瞿薩憺那 Kustana, or Khotan, in Turkestan, the principal centre of Central Asian Buddhism until the Moslem invasion. Buddhism was introduced there about 200 B.C. or earlier. It was the centre from which is credited the spread of Mahayanism, v. 西城記 12.

休屠

see styles
xiū tú
    xiu1 tu2
hsiu t`u
    hsiu tu
 kyūto
Lit. 'Desist from butchering, 'said to be the earliest Han term for 浮屠, 佛圖, etc., Buddha. The 漢武故事 says that the King of Vaiśālī 毘邪 killed King 體屠 (or the non-butchering kings), took his golden gods, over 10 feet in height, and put them in the 甘泉宮 Sweet-spring palace; they required no sacrifices of bulls or rams, but only worship of incense, so the king ordered that they should be served after their national method.

先き

see styles
 saki
    さき
(irregular okurigana usage) (n,adj-no,n-suf,pref) (1) previous; prior; former; first; earlier; some time ago; preceding; (2) point (e.g. pencil); tip; end; nozzle; (3) head (of a line); front; (4) ahead; the other side; (5) the future; hereafter; (6) destination; (7) the other party

先後


先后

see styles
xiān hòu
    xian1 hou4
hsien hou
 matsunochi
    まつのち
early or late; priority; in succession; one after another
(1) before and after; earlier and later; order; sequence; (noun/participle) (2) occurring almost simultaneously; inversion (of order); (place-name) Matsunochi
before and after

先腹

see styles
 sakibara; senpuku; senbara(ok)
    さきばら; せんぷく; せんばら(ok)
(1) (See 後腹・あとばら・3) child from an earlier wife; (2) (さきばら only) (See 追い腹) preceding one's master into death by committing ritual suicide (seppuku)

先進


先进

see styles
xiān jìn
    xian1 jin4
hsien chin
 senshin
    せんしん
advanced (technology); to advance
(adj-no,n) (1) advanced; developed; (2) (ant: 後進・1) seniority; senior; superior; elder
先輩 Of earlier, or senior rank or achievement.

初動

see styles
 shodou / shodo
    しょどう
(1) initial response (e.g. to a crisis); action in the earliest stages; (2) initial shock (of an earthquake); preliminary tremor

及早

see styles
jí zǎo
    ji2 zao3
chi tsao
at the earliest possible time; as soon as possible

向上

see styles
xiàng shàng
    xiang4 shang4
hsiang shang
 mukaue
    むかうえ
upward; up; to advance; to try to improve oneself; to make progress
(n,vs,vi) elevation; rise; improvement; advancement; progress; (surname) Mukaue
To trace backwards, as from the later to the earlier, primary, the earliest or first; upwards.

大通

see styles
dà tōng
    da4 tong1
ta t`ung
    ta tung
 daitsuu / daitsu
    だいつう
Datong district of Huainan city 淮南市[Huai2 nan2 shi4], Anhui; Datong Hui and Tu autonomous county in Xining 西寧|西宁[Xi1 ning2], Qinghai
(surname) Daitsuu
大通智勝 Mahābhijñā Jñānābhibhu. The great Buddha of supreme penetraton and wisdom. "A fabulous Buddha whose realm was Sambhava, his kalpa Mahārūpa. Having spent ten middling kalpas in ecstatic meditation he became a Buddha, and retired again in meditation for 84,000 kalpas, during which his sixteen sons continued (as Buddhas) his preaching. Incarnations of his sons are," Akṣobhya, Merukūṭa, Siṃhaghoṣa, Siṃhadhvaja, Ākāśapratiṣṭhita, Nityapaṛvrtta, Indradhvaja, Brahmadhvaja, Amitābha, Sarvalokadhātū- padravodvegapratyuttīrna, Tamāla-patra-candanagandha, Merukalpa, Meghasvara, Meghasvararāja, Sarvaloka-bhayastambhitatva- vidhvaṃsanakāra, and Śākyamuni; v. Eitel. He is said to have lived in a kalpa earlier than the present by kalpas as numerous as the atoms of a chiliocosm. Amitābha is his ninth son. Śākyamuni his sixteenth, and the present 大衆 or assembly of believers are said to be the reincarnation of those who were his disciples in that former aeon; v. Lotus Sutra, chapter 7; great penetration

廣雅


广雅

see styles
guǎng yǎ
    guang3 ya3
kuang ya
earliest extant Chinese encyclopedia from Wei of the Three Kingdoms, 3rd century, modeled on Erya 爾雅|尔雅[Er3 ya3], 18150 entries

張揖


张揖

see styles
zhāng yī
    zhang1 yi1
chang i
Zhang Yi (c. 3rd century), literary figure from Wei of the Three Kingdoms, other name 稚讓|稚让[Zhi4 rang4], named as compiler of earliest extant Chinese encyclopedia 廣雅|广雅[Guang3 ya3] and several lost works

往年

see styles
wǎng nián
    wang3 nian2
wang nien
 ounen / onen
    おうねん
in former years; in previous years
(noun - becomes adjective with の) years gone by; earlier years; former years; the past

扁鵲


扁鹊

see styles
biǎn què
    bian3 que4
pien ch`üeh
    pien chüeh
秦越人[Qin2 Yue4 ren2] (407-310 BC), Warring States physician known for his medical skills, nicknamed Bian Que after the earliest known Chinese physician allegedly from the 黃帝|黄帝[Huang2 di4] era

打早

see styles
dǎ zǎo
    da3 zao3
ta tsao
earlier; long ago; as soon as possible

持越

see styles
 mochikoshi
    もちこし
(irregular okurigana usage) (n,vs,adj-no) (1) (colloquialism) work, items, etc. carried over from earlier; (noun/participle) (2) hangover; what you ate the day before (and is still being digested); (place-name) Mochikoshi

提前

see styles
tí qián
    ti2 qian2
t`i ch`ien
    ti chien
to shift to an earlier date; to do something ahead of time; in advance

提早

see styles
tí zǎo
    ti2 zao3
t`i tsao
    ti tsao
ahead of schedule; sooner than planned; to bring forward (to an earlier time)

早些

see styles
zǎo xiē
    zao3 xie1
tsao hsieh
a bit earlier

早就

see styles
zǎo jiù
    zao3 jiu4
tsao chiu
already at an earlier time

早知

see styles
zǎo zhī
    zao3 zhi1
tsao chih
 sachi
    さち
foresight; foreknowledge; if one had known earlier,...
(female given name) Sachi

曩に

see styles
 sakini
    さきに
(adv,n) before; earlier than; first; ahead; beyond; away; previously; recently

最古

see styles
 saiko
    さいこ
(noun - becomes adjective with の) the oldest; the earliest

梨車


梨车

see styles
lí chē
    li2 che1
li ch`e
    li che
 Risha
黎車; 離車; 栗呫媻 Licchavi, the ancient republic of Vaiśālī, whose people were among the earliest followers of Śākyamuni.

真香

see styles
zhēn xiāng
    zhen1 xiang1
chen hsiang
 manaka
    まなか
awesome (expression of approval used hypocritically after bitching about the exact same thing earlier) (neologism c. 2014)
(female given name) Manaka

維摩


维摩

see styles
wéi mó
    wei2 mo2
wei mo
 yuima
    ゆいま
(surname, female given name) Yuima
Vimalakīrti, 維摩詰 (維摩羅詰); 毘摩羅詰 undefiled or spotless reputation, 'a native of Vaiśālī, said to have been a contemporary of Śākyamuni, and to have visited China.' Eitel. The Vimalakīrti-nirdeśa sūtra 維摩詰所說經 is an apocryphal account of 'conversations between Śākyamuni and some residents of Vaiśālī', tr. by Kumārajīva; an earlier tr. was the維摩詰經, a later was by Xuanzang, and there are numerous treatises.

聲類


声类

see styles
shēng lèi
    sheng1 lei4
sheng lei
Shenglei, the earliest Chinese rime dictionary with 11,520 single-character entries, released in 3rd century (was not preserved to this day)

補過


补过

see styles
bǔ guò
    bu3 guo4
pu kuo
to make up for an earlier mistake; to make amends

證入


证入

see styles
zhèng rù
    zheng4 ru4
cheng ju
 shōnyū
Experiential entry into buddha-truth, (1) partial, as in Hīnayāna and the earlier Mahāyāna; (2) complete, as in the perfect school of Mahāyāna; experiential entry into buddha-truth

阿育

see styles
ā yù
    a1 yu4
a yü
 ashoka
    あしょか
(given name) Ashoka
Aśoka, 阿恕伽; 阿輸迦(or 阿舒迦, or 阿叔迦) Grandson of Candragupta (Sandrokottos), who united India and reached the summit of his career about 315 B.C. Aśoka reigned from about 274 to 237 B.C. His name Aśoka, 'free from care,' may have been adopted on his conversion. He is accused of the assassination of his brother and relatives to gain the throne, and of a fierce temperament in his earlier days. Converted, he became the first famous patron of Buddhism, encouraging its development and propaganda at home and abroad, to which existing pillars, etc., bear witness; his propaganda is said to have spread from the borders of China to Macedonia, Epirus, Egypt, and Cyrene. His title is Dharmāśoka; he should be distinguished from Kālāśoka, grandson of Ajātaśatru. Cf. 阿育伽經、 阿育伽傳, etc.

離車


离车

see styles
lí chē
    li2 che1
li ch`e
    li che
 Risha
(離車毘); 離奢; 利車; 梨車毘; 隸車; 黎昌; 栗唱; 栗呫婆 or 栗呫毘. Licchavi, the kṣatriyas who formed the republic of Vaiśālī, and were "among the earliest followers of Śākyamuni". Eitel. The term is intp. as 皮薄 thin-skinned, or 豪 heroic, etc.

魯迅


鲁迅

see styles
lǔ xùn
    lu3 xun4
lu hsün
 rojin
    ろじん
Lu Xun (1881-1936), one of the earliest and best-known modern Chinese writers
(personal name) Rojin

鼻祖

see styles
bí zǔ
    bi2 zu3
pi tsu
 biso
    びそ
the earliest ancestor; originator (of a tradition, school of thought etc)
founder; originator; introducer
a patriarch who founds a sect or school

三時教


三时教

see styles
sān shí jiào
    san1 shi2 jiao4
san shih chiao
 sanji kyō
(三時教判) The three periods and characteristics of Buddha's teaching, as defined by the Dharmalakṣana school 法相宗. They are: (1) 有, when he taught the 實有 reality of the skandhas and elements, but denied the common belief in 實我 real personality or a permanent soul; this period is represented by the four 阿含經 āgamas and other Hīnayāna sūtras. (2) 空 Śūnya, when he negatived the idea of 實法 the reality of things and advocated that all was 空 unreal; the period of the 般若經 prajñā sūtras. (3) 中 Madhyama, the mean, that mind or spirit is real, while things are unreal; the period of this school's specific sūtra the 解深密經, also the 法華 and later sūtras. In the two earlier periods he is said to have 方便 adapted his teaching to the development of his hearers; in the third to have delivered his complete and perfect doctrine. Another division by the 空宗 is (1) as above; (2) the early period of the Mahāyāna represented, by the 深密經; (3) the higher Mahāyāna as in the 般若經. v. also 三敎; three periods of the teaching

上座部

see styles
shàng zuò bù
    shang4 zuo4 bu4
shang tso pu
 jouzabu / jozabu
    じょうざぶ
Theravada school of Buddhism
Sthaviravada (early Buddhist movement)
他毘梨典部; 他鞞羅部 Sthavirāḥ; Sthaviranikāya; or Āryasthāvirāḥ. The school of the presiding elder, or elders. The two earliest sections of Buddhism were this (which developed into the Mahāsthavirāḥ) and the Mahāsānghikāḥ or 大衆部. At first they were not considered to be different schools, the 上座部 merely representing the intimate and older disciples of Śākyamuni and the 大衆 being the rest. It is said that a century later under Mahādeva 大天 a difference of opinion arose on certain doctrines. Three divisions are named as resulting, viz. Mahāvihāravāsinaḥ, Jetavanīyāḥ, and Abhayagiri-vāsinaḥ. These were in Ceylon. In course of time the eighteen Hīnayāna sects were developed. From the time of Aśoka four principal schools are counted as prevailing: Mahāsāṅghika, Sthavira, Mūlasarvāstivda, and Saṁmitīya. The following is a list of the eleven sects reckoned as of the 上座部: 說一切有部; 雪山; 犢子; 法上; 賢冑; 正量; 密林山; 化地; 法藏; 飮光; and 經量部. The Sthaviravādin is reputed as nearest to early Buddhism in its tenets, though it is said to have changed the basis of Buddhism from an agnostic system to a realistic philosophy.

以前に

see styles
 izenni
    いぜんに
(adverb) ago; since; before; previously; heretofore; earlier

卓別林


卓别林

see styles
zhuó bié lín
    zhuo2 bie2 lin2
cho pieh lin
Charlie Chaplin (1899-1977), English movie actor and director

原風景

see styles
 genfuukei / genfuke
    げんふうけい
indelible scene of one's childhood; earliest remembered scene

夏商周

see styles
xià shāng zhōu
    xia4 shang1 zhou1
hsia shang chou
Xia, Shang and Zhou, the earliest named Chinese dynasties

大方等

see styles
dà fāng děng
    da4 fang1 deng3
ta fang teng
 dai hōdō
Mahāvaipulya or vaipulya 大方廣; 毗佛畧. They are called 無量義經 sutras of infinite meaning, or of the infinite; first introduced into China by Dharmarakṣa (A.D.266―317). The name is common to Hīnayāna and Mahayana, but chiefly claimed by the latter for its special sutras as extending and universalizing the Buddha's earlier preliminary teaching. v. 大方廣 and 方等; greatly extended

持ち点

see styles
 mochiten
    もちてん
points (already) allotted to one; points (already) gained (in earlier rounds)

持越し

see styles
 mochikoshi
    もちこし
(n,vs,adj-no) (1) (colloquialism) work, items, etc. carried over from earlier; (noun/participle) (2) hangover; what you ate the day before (and is still being digested)

施開廢


施开废

see styles
shī kāi fèi
    shi1 kai1 fei4
shih k`ai fei
    shih kai fei
 se kai hai
A Tiantai term indicating the three periods of the Buddha's teaching: (1) bestowing the truth in Hīnayāna and other partial forms; (2) opening of the perfect truth like the lotus, as in the Lotus Sutra; (3) abrogating the earlier imperfect forms; bestowing, opening, and abrogating

既卒者

see styles
 kisotsusha
    きそつしゃ
(See 卒者) graduate from an earlier year; alumnus; alumna; former graduate

早くも

see styles
 hayakumo
    はやくも
(adverb) (1) already; as early as; (adverb) (2) at the earliest; at the soonest

早めに

see styles
 hayameni
    はやめに
(adverb) earlier than usual; ahead of time; in good season

早目に

see styles
 hayameni
    はやめに
(adverb) earlier than usual; ahead of time; in good season

早知道

see styles
zǎo zhī dao
    zao3 zhi1 dao5
tsao chih tao
If I had known earlier...

最初期

see styles
 saishoki
    さいしょき
(noun - becomes adjective with の) earliest stage; very beginning; earliest phase; earliest days

柳江人

see styles
 ryuukoujin / ryukojin
    りゅうこうじん
Liujiang man; one of the earliest modern humans found in East Asia

楊采妮


杨采妮

see styles
yáng cǎi nī
    yang2 cai3 ni1
yang ts`ai ni
    yang tsai ni
Charlie Young (1974-), Hong Kong actress and singer

淸淨識


淸淨识

see styles
qīng jìng shì
    qing1 jing4 shi4
ch`ing ching shih
    ching ching shih
 shōjō shiki
amalavijñāna, pure, uncontaminated knowledge; earlier regarded as the ninth, later as the eighth or ālayavijñāna; pure consciousness

白馬寺


白马寺

see styles
bái mǎ sì
    bai2 ma3 si4
pai ma ssu
 hakubadera
    はくばでら
the Baima or White Horse Temple in Luoyang, one of the earliest Buddhist temples in China
(place-name) Hakubadera
The White Horse Temple recorded as given to the Indian monks, Mātaṇga and Gobharaṇa, who are reputed to have been fetched from India to China in A. D. 64. The temple was in Honan, in Lo-yang thc capital; it was west of the ancient city, cast of the later city. According to tradition, originating at the end of the second century A. D., the White Horse Temple was so called because of the white horse which carried the sutras they brought; Baima si

稍早時


稍早时

see styles
shāo zǎo shí
    shao1 zao3 shi2
shao tsao shih
a little earlier

起信論


起信论

see styles
qǐ xìn lùn
    qi3 xin4 lun4
ch`i hsin lun
    chi hsin lun
 Kishinron
Śraddhotpada Śāstra; it is one of the earliest remaining Mahāyāna texts and is attributed to Aśvaghoṣa; cf. 馬鳴; two tr. have been made, one by Paramārtha in A. D. 554, another by Śikṣānanda, circa 700; the first text is more generally accepted, as Chih-i, the founder of Tiantai, was Paramārtha's amanuensis, and 法藏 Fazang (643-712) made the standard commentary on it, the 起信論義記, though he had assisted Śikṣānanda in his translation. It gives the fundamental principles of Mahāyāna, and was tr. into English by Teitaro Suzuki (1900), also by T. Richard. There are several commentaries and treatises on it; Awakening of Faith

速めに

see styles
 hayameni
    はやめに
(adverb) earlier than usual; ahead of time; in good season

速目に

see styles
 hayameni
    はやめに
(adverb) earlier than usual; ahead of time; in good season

隨舍利


随舍利

see styles
suí shè lì
    sui2 she4 li4
sui she li
 Zuishari
? Vaiśālī; the Licchavis were the people of 'the ancient republic of Vaiśālī who were among the earliest followers of Śākyamuni'. Also 隨邪利 and v. 梨.

ちゃら男

see styles
 charao
    ちゃらお
frivolous lad; good-time Charlie

でもある

see styles
 demoaru
    でもある
(Godan verb with "ru" ending - irregular verb) (1) (である with も; formal, literary) (See である) to also be (implies that as well as the earlier stated this is also the case); (Godan verb with "ru" ending - irregular verb) (2) to be ... or something

三皇五帝

see styles
sān huáng wǔ dì
    san1 huang2 wu3 di4
san huang wu ti
 sankougotei / sankogote
    さんこうごてい
three sovereigns 三皇[san1 huang2] and five emperors 五帝[wu3 di4] of myth and legend; the earliest system of Chinese historiography
(leg) Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors (mythological rulers of ancient China)

伏線回収

see styles
 fukusenkaishuu / fukusenkaishu
    ふくせんかいしゅう
(colloquialism) revealing something that was foreshadowed earlier in the story

八正道經


八正道经

see styles
bā zhèng dào jīng
    ba1 zheng4 dao4 jing1
pa cheng tao ching
 Hasshō dō kyō
Buddha-bhāṣita-aṣṭaṅga-samyaṅ-mārga-sūtra. Tr. by An Shigao of the Eastern Han B.N.659; being an earlier translation of the Samyuktāgama 雜阿含經; Sūtra on the Eightfold Noble Path

初期の頃

see styles
 shokinokoro
    しょきのころ
(exp,adj-no) the earliest

原始仏教

see styles
 genshibukkyou / genshibukkyo
    げんしぶっきょう
{Buddh} pre-sectarian Buddhism; the earliest Buddhism; original Buddhism

大和国家

see styles
 yamatokokka
    やまとこっか
(hist) Yamato state; Yamato polity; earliest known Japanese polity founded between the 4th and 7th centuries

後を追う

see styles
 atooou / atooo
    あとをおう
(exp,v5u) (1) to pursue; (2) to die right after a loved one; to kill oneself (because one misses or longs to be with a loved one); (3) to follow an example set by earlier generations (or one's master, etc.)

手前取り

see styles
 temaedori
    てまえどり
(kana only) (from a campaign to reduce food waste) buying items from the front of the shelf (i.e. with an earlier expiration date)

承上起下

see styles
chéng shàng qǐ xià
    cheng2 shang4 qi3 xia4
ch`eng shang ch`i hsia
    cheng shang chi hsia
to follow the past and herald the future (idiom); part of a historical transition; forming a bridge between earlier and later stages

承前啟後


承前启后

see styles
chéng qián qǐ hòu
    cheng2 qian2 qi3 hou4
ch`eng ch`ien ch`i hou
    cheng chien chi hou
to follow the past and herald the future (idiom); part of a historical transition; forming a bridge between earlier and later stages

持ち越し

see styles
 mochikoshi
    もちこし
(n,vs,adj-no) (1) (colloquialism) work, items, etc. carried over from earlier; (noun/participle) (2) hangover; what you ate the day before (and is still being digested)

早くから

see styles
 hayakukara
    はやくから
(expression) early on; earlier on; from early

早くても

see styles
 hayakutemo
    はやくても
(expression) at the earliest; at the soonest

早くとも

see styles
 hayakutomo
    はやくとも
(adverb) (ant: 遅くとも) at the earliest; at the soonest

早ければ

see styles
 hayakereba
    はやければ
(expression) at the earliest; if things go well; if nothing unexpected intervenes

查理週刊


查理周刊

see styles
chá lǐ zhōu kān
    cha2 li3 zhou1 kan1
ch`a li chou k`an
    cha li chou kan
Charlie Hebdo (French magazine)

正法華經


正法华经

see styles
zhèng fǎ huā jīng
    zheng4 fa3 hua1 jing1
cheng fa hua ching
 Shō hokke kyō
The earliest translation of the Lotus Sutra in 10 juan by Dharmarakṣa, A. D. 286, still in existence; Lotus Sūtra

相見恨晚


相见恨晚

see styles
xiāng jiàn hèn wǎn
    xiang1 jian4 hen4 wan3
hsiang chien hen wan
to regret not having met earlier (idiom); It is nice to meet you finally.; It feels like we have known each other all along.

祇哆槃那


只哆槃那

see styles
qí chǐ pán nà
    qi2 chi3 pan2 na4
ch`i ch`ih p`an na
    chi chih pan na
 Gitahanna
(or 祇哆槃林); 祇園 (祇園精舍); 祇樹園; 祇樹給孤獨園; 祇樹花林窟; 祇桓林 (or 祇洹林); 祇陀林 (or 祇陀園); also 逝 or 誓多, etc. Jetavana, a park near Śrāvastī, said to have been obtained from Prince Jeta by the elder Anāthapiṇḍika, in which monasterial buildings were erected, the favourite resort of Śākyamuni. Two hundred years later it is said to have been destroyed by fire, rebuilt smaller 500 years after, and again a century later burnt down; thirteen years afterwards it was rebuilt on the earlier scale but a century later entirely destroyed. This is the account given in 法苑珠林 39.

繼往開來


继往开来

see styles
jì wǎng kāi lái
    ji4 wang3 kai1 lai2
chi wang k`ai lai
    chi wang kai lai
to follow the past and herald the future (idiom); part of a historical transition; forming a bridge between earlier and later stages

跡を追う

see styles
 atooou / atooo
    あとをおう
(exp,v5u) (1) to pursue; (2) to die right after a loved one; to kill oneself (because one misses or longs to be with a loved one); (3) to follow an example set by earlier generations (or one's master, etc.)

退行現象

see styles
 taikougenshou / taikogensho
    たいこうげんしょう
regression to an earlier stage (e.g. infantile)

隔世遺伝

see styles
 kakuseiiden / kakuseden
    かくせいいでん
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (yoji) atavism; throwback; reappearance of an earlier characteristic; skipping a generation; reversion to ancestral type

黃帝宅經

see styles
huáng dì zhái jīng
    huang2 di4 zhai2 jing1
huang ti chai ching
one of the earliest classics about Fengshui

これより先

see styles
 koreyorisaki
    これよりさき
(expression) (1) ahead; further on; beyond (this place); (expression) (2) before this; prior to this; earlier

世が世なら

see styles
 yogayonara
    よがよなら
(expression) if times were better; if one had been born at an earlier, more opportune time; if times had not changed; if I had my due

Variations:


see styles
 moto
    もと
(adj-no,n-pref) (1) former; ex-; past; one-time; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (2) earlier times; the past; previous state; (n,adv) (3) formerly; previously; originally; before

初期のころ

see styles
 shokinokoro
    しょきのころ
(exp,adj-no) the earliest

周利槃陀加


周利盘陀加

see styles
zhōu lì pán tuó jiā
    zhou1 li4 pan2 tuo2 jia1
chou li p`an t`o chia
    chou li pan to chia
 Shūrihandake
(or 周梨槃陀加) Kṣudrapanthaka; little (or mean) path. Twin brothers were born on the road, one called Śuddhipanthaka, Purity-path, the other born soon after and called as above, intp. 小路 small road, and 繼道 successor by the road. The elder was clever, the younger stupid, not even remembering his name, but became one of the earliest disciples of Buddha, and finally an arhat. The records are uncertain and confusing. Also 周利般兎; 周稚般他迦, 周利槃特 (周利槃特迦); 朱茶半託迦; 周陀.

時期が早い

see styles
 jikigahayai
    じきがはやい
(expression) before scheduled; earlier than expected

逆路伽耶陀

see styles
nì lù qié yé tuó
    ni4 lu4 qie2 ye2 tuo2
ni lu ch`ieh yeh t`o
    ni lu chieh yeh to
 Gyakurokayada
Vāma-lokāyata; the Lokāyata were materialistic and 'worldly' followers of the Cārvāka school; the Vāma-lokāyata were opposed to the conventions of the world. An earlier intp. of Lokāyata is, Ill response to questions, the sophistical method of Chuang Tzu being mentioned as comparison. Vāma-lokāyata is also described as Evil questioning, which is the above method reversed.

エオヒップス

see styles
 eohippusu
    エオヒップス
(See ヒラコテリウム) eohippus (lat:); hyracotherium (earliest fossil ancestor of the horse)

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.

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This page contains 100 results for "Arlie" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

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