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Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
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Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

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(of something) to move; to set in movement; to displace; to touch; to make use of; to stir (emotions); to alter; abbr. for 動詞|动词[dong4 ci2], verb
(ant: 静・1) motion; (female given name) Yurugi
Move, stir, motion, mutable; movement arises from the nature of wind which is the cause of motion.

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Fong / Fang
square; power or involution (math.); upright; honest; fair and square; direction; side; party (to a contract, dispute etc); place; method; prescription (medicine); just when; only or just; classifier for square things; abbr. for square or cubic meter
(1) direction; way; side; area (in a particular direction); (2) (often 私の方, あなたの方, etc.) side (of an argument, etc.); one's part; (3) type; category; (4) field (of study, etc.); (5) indicates one side of a comparison; (6) way; method; manner; means; (7) length (of each side of a square); (given name) Michi
Square; place; correct; a means, plan, prescription; then, now, just.

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granule; hoarse; raspy; sand; powder; CL:粒[li4]; abbr. for Tsar or Tsarist Russia
(numeric) one hundred-millionth; (female given name) Migiwa
bālukā. Sand; sands, e. g. of Ganges 恒河, implying countless; translit. s, ś, ṣ. Cf. 莎.

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dog; Kangxi radical 94
(1) dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris); (2) snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.); (3) (derogatory term) loser; asshole; (prefix noun) (4) counterfeit; inferior; useless; wasteful; (personal name) Inuhashi

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dog; CL:隻|只[zhi1],條|条[tiao2]
(archaism) puppy; (1) dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris); (2) snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.); (3) (derogatory term) loser; asshole; (prefix noun) (4) counterfeit; inferior; useless; wasteful
A dog.

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Realization and Knowledge
to know; to be aware
(1) wisdom; (2) (Buddhist term) jnana (higher knowledge); (female given name) Tomoko
To know. Sanskrit root vid, hence vidyā, knowledge; the Vedas, etc. 知 vijñā is to know, 智 is vijñāna, wisdom arising from perception or knowing.


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yīn guǒ
    yin1 guo3
yin kuo

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Karma - Cause and Effect
karma; cause and effect
(1) cause and effect; causality; (2) {Buddh} karma; fate; (adjectival noun) (3) unfortunate; unlucky; ill-fated
Cause and effect; every cause has its effect, as every effect arises from a cause.


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fū ren
    fu1 ren5
fu jen
 fujin(p); bunin(ok); hashikashi(ok)
    ふじん(P); ぶにん(ok); はしかし(ok)

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lady; madam; Mrs.; CL:位[wei4]
(1) (ふじん, はしかし only) (honorific or respectful language) wife; Mrs; madam; (2) (ふじん only) (archaism) wife of a nobleman (aristocrat, etc.); (3) (ふじん, ぶにん only) (archaism) consort of the emperor
A wife; the wife of a king, i. e. a queen, devi.


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bā lǐ
    ba1 li3
pa li

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Bari (Puglia, Italy)
(ateji / phonetic) (noun - becomes adjective with の) (kana only) Paris (France); (female given name) Misato


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bā lí
    ba1 li2
pa li

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Paris, capital of France


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fú dé
    fu2 de2
fu te

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puṇya. Blessed virtues, all good deeds; the blessing arising from good deeds.


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mèi lì
    mei4 li4
mei li

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Charisma / Charm
charm; fascination; glamor; charisma
charm; fascination; glamour; glamor; attraction; appeal; (female given name) Miryoku


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(kana only) screw pine (Pandanus fascicularis); pandanus palm; pandanus fruit


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(f,p) Alice; Alliss; Alyce; Arisu


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{grmyth} (See 三美神) Charites (sister goddesses of charm and beauty) (grc: Kháris); Graces; (personal name) Garris


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(kana only) snell (fishing); leader; trace; cast; (personal name) Paris; Parris


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(female given name) Maris; Marris; Mullis; Marisu


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(personal name) Waris



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zhèng jīng jìn
    zheng4 jing1 jin4
cheng ching chin
 shoushoujin / shoshojin
{Buddh} (See 八正道) correct effort
samyagvyāyāma, right effort, zeal, or progress, unintermitting perseverance, the sixth of the 八正道; 'right effort, to suppress the rising of evil states, to eradicate those which have arisen, to stimulate good states, and to perfect those which have come into being. ' Keith.


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ā lǐ shān
    a1 li3 shan1
a li shan

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Alishan mountain range in the central-southern region of Taiwan
(place-name) Alishan (Taiwan)


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 aarisu / arisu

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(personal name) Arliss


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(female given name) Alethea; Alicia


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(female given name) Alison; Allison; Allyson; Alyson


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(personal name) Alyssa


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{astron} Callisto (moon of Jupiter); (personal name) Callisto


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(personal name) Charissa


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{comp} Claris; (personal name) Claris


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parison (first small bubble at the end of a blowpipe); (surname) Harrison; Harrisson


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(place-name) Larissa


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mó lì zhī tiān
    mo2 li4 zhi1 tian1
mo li chih t`ien
    mo li chih tien

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Marici / Marishiten
{Buddh} Marici (Buddhist god of war); (place-name) Marishiten



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shì shēng miè fǎ
    shi4 sheng1 mie4 fa3
shih sheng mieh fa
 zeshoumeppou / zeshomeppo

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The Law of Creation and Destruction
(expression) (yoji) {Buddh} the law of arising and ceasing; the law of creation and destruction
this is the law of arising and ceasing


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(surname) Garrison


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 charishii / charishi

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(personal name) Charisse


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(personal name) Travis


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(personal name) Maritza

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to lean over; to fall (go down); to hide (in ambush); to conceal oneself; to lie low; hottest days of summer; to submit; to concede defeat; to overcome; to subdue; volt
(surname) Fuse
Prostrate; humble; suffer, bear; ambush; dog-days; hatch; it is used for control, under control, e. g. as delusion; 斷 is contrasted with it as complete extirpation, so that no delusive thought arises.

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to do; to engage in; to write; to compose; to pretend; to feign; to regard as; to consider to be; to be; to act the part of; to feel (itchy, nauseous etc); writings; works
(n,n-suf) (1) (See 作品) work (e.g. of art); production; (2) harvest; cultivation; farming; crop; yield; (3) technique; (personal name) Masaya
To make, do, act, be; arise.

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bottle gourd; Lagenaria vulgaris
(1) (kana only) Lagenaria siceraria var. gourda (variety of bottle gourd); gourd (container) made from its fruit; (2) Lagenaria siceraria var. depressa (variety of bottle gourd); (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) (archaism) gourd; calabash; bottle gourd; (2) dried gourd, used as flask

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cause; reason; because
(1) cause; factor; (2) {Buddh} (See 縁・えん・5) hetu (direct cause, esp. as opposed to indirect conditions); (3) (See 因明) the basis of one's argument (in hetuvidya); (personal name) Yukari
hetu: a cause: because: a reason: to follow, it follows, that which produces a 果 result or effect. 因 is a primary cause in comparison with 緣 pratyaya which is an environmental or secondary cause. In the 十因十果 ten causes and ten effects, adultery results in the iron bed, the copper pillar, and the eight hot hells; covetousness in the cold hells; and so on, as shown in the 楞嚴經. Translit. in, yin. Cf. 印.

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school; sect; purpose; model; ancestor; clan; to take as one's model (in academic or artistic work); classifier for batches, items, cases (medical or legal), reservoirs
(1) (rare) origin; source; (2) (rare) virtuous ancestor; (given name) Motoi
Ancestors, ancestral; clan; class, category. kind; school, sect; siddhānta, summary, main doctrine, syllogism, proposition, conclusion, realization. Sects are of two kinds: (1) those founded on principles having historic continuity, as the twenty sects of the Hīnayāna, the thirteen sects of China, and the fourteen sects of Japan: (2) those arising from an individual interpretation of the general teaching of Buddhism, as the sub-sects founded by Yongming 永明 (d. 975), 法相宗, 法性宗, 破相宗, or those based on a peculiar interpretation of one of the recognized sects, as the Jōdo-shinshū 淨土眞宗 found by Shinran-shōnin. There are also divisions of five, six, and ten, which have reference to specific doctrinal differences. Cf. 宗派.

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Japanese variant of 齋|斋[zhai1]
meals exchanged by parishioners and priests; (surname) Watari

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(out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (kana only) hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa); Japanese cypress; (surname) Hinosaki

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variant of 葚[shen4]
(kana only) sawara cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera); (surname) Sawaragi

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Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis); coffin lid decoration (old); Taiwan pr. [kuai4]
(out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (kana only) hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa); Japanese cypress; (surname, female given name) Hinoki

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see 櫆師|櫆师[kui2 shi1] Polaris, the north star

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to stop; to prohibit; until; only
(given name) Tomeru
To stop, halt, cease; one of the seven definitions of 禪定 dhyāna described as 奢摩他 śamatha or 三摩地 samādhi; it is defined as 靜息動心 silencing, or putting to rest the active mind, or auto-hypnosis; also 心定止於一處 the mind centred, lit. the mind steadily fixed on one place, or in one position. It differs from 觀 which observes, examines, sifts evidence; 止 has to do with 拂妄 getting rid of distraction for moral ends; it is abstraction, rather than contemplation; see 止觀 In practice there are three methods of attaining such abstraction: (a) by fixing the mind on the nose, navel, etc.; (b) by stopping every thought as it arises; (c) by dwelling on the thought that nothing exists of itself, but from a preceding cause.

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to compare; (followed by a noun and adjective) more {adj.} than {noun}; ratio; to gesture; (Taiwan pr. [bi4] in some compounds derived from Classical Chinese)
(n,n-suf) (1) ratio; proportion; (2) match; equal; equivalent; comparison; (suffix noun) (3) compared with ...; relative to ...; (4) (abbreviation) (See 比律賓・フィリピン) Philippines; (5) (See 六義・1) explicit comparison (style of the Shi Jing); (place-name) Firipin
To compare; than; to assemble, arrive; partisan; each; translit. pi, bhi, vi, v. also 毘, 毗.

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imbecile; sentimental; stupid; foolish; silly
(1) foolishness; fool; (2) (Buddhist term) moha (ignorance, folly); (noun or adjectival noun) foolish thing; stupid thing; absurdity
moha, 'unconsciousness,' 'delusion,' 'perplexity,' 'ignorance, folly,' 'infatuation,' etc. M.W. Also, mūḍha. In Chinese it is silly, foolish, daft, stupid. It is intp. by 無明 unenlightened, i.e. misled by appearances, taking the seeming for real; from this unenlightened condition arises every kind of kleśa, i.e. affliction or defilement by the passions, etc. It is one of the three poisons, desire, dislike, delusion.

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old variant of 芒[mang2]; arista (of grain)

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feeling or desire to do something; interest in something; excitement
(1) interest; entertainment; pleasure; (2) (See 六義・1) implicit comparison (style of the Shi Jing); (given name) Hajime
abhyudaya. Rise, begin; prosper; elated.

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awn (of cereals); arista (of grain); tip (of a blade); Miscanthus sinensis (type of grass); variant of 邙, Mt Mang at Luoyang in Henan
arista; awn; (grain) beard

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Heleocharis plantaginea

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Arthemisia vulgaris; piper betel

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roundworm; Ascaris lumbricoides

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Bufo vulgaris; toad

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boring insect; snout moth's larva (Aphomia gullaris or Plodia interpuncuella or Heliothus armigera etc), major agricultural pest

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parasitic worm; human pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis)

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needle; pin; injection; stitch; CL:根[gen1],支[zhi1]
(1) needle; pin; (2) hook; (3) stinger; thorn; (4) hand (e.g. clock, etc.); pointer; (5) staple (for a stapler); (6) needlework; sewing; (7) malice; (ctr,n-suf) (8) counter for stitches; (surname) Harisaki
sūci; a needle.


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p k
    p k
p k
 pii kee; piikee(sk); piikei(sk) / pi kee; pikee(sk); pike(sk)
    ピー・ケー; ピーケー(sk); ピーケイ(sk)
(slang) to take on; to challenge; to go head to head; showdown; comparison
(1) (abbreviation) {sports} (See ペナルティーキック) penalty kick; (2) (abbreviation) (See サイコキネシス) psychokinesis; (3) (abbreviation) (See パルクール) parkour


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(1) dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris); (2) snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.); (3) (derogatory term) loser; asshole; (prefix noun) (4) counterfeit; inferior; useless; wasteful; (female given name) Inu


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(kana only) Japanese sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis)


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burr (e.g. on a machined edge); (place-name) Paris (France)


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yī yīn
    yi1 yin1
i yin
 ichiin / ichin
one cause; one reason; one factor
A cause; the cause from which the Buddha-law arises.


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yī dìng
    yi1 ding4
i ting
surely; certainly; necessarily; fixed; a certain (extent etc); given; particular; must
(n,adj-no,vs,adj-na) fixed; settled; constant; definite; uniform; regularized; regularised; defined; standardized; standardised; certain; prescribed; (given name) Kazusada


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sān bā
    san1 ba1
san pa
International Women's Day 婦女節|妇女节[Fu4 nu:3 jie2], 8th March; foolish; stupid
(1) three and eight; (2) (abbreviation) (See 三八式歩兵銃) Arisaka Type 38 rifle; (personal name) Miya
(days ending with the number) 3 and 8


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sān shòu
    san1 shou4
san shou
The three states of Vedanā, i. e. sensation, are divided into painful, pleasurable, and freedom from both 苦, 樂, 捨. When things are opposed to desire, pain arises; when accordant, there is pleasure and a desire for their continuance; when neither, one is detached or free. 倶舍論 1.


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sān huò
    san1 huo4
san huo
 sanwaku; sannaku
    さんわく; さんなく
{Buddh} three mental disturbances
A Tiantai classification of the three delusions, also styled 三煩惱; 三漏; 三垢; 三結; trials or temptations, leakages, uncleannesses, and bonds. The first of the following three is common to all disciples, the two last to bodhisattvas. They arise from (a) 見, 思, 惑 things seen and thought, i.e. illusions from imperfect perception, with temptation to love, hate, etc.; to be rid of these false views and temptations is the discipline and nirvāṇa of ascetic or Hīnayāna Buddhists. Mahāyāna proceeds further in and by its bodhisattva aims, which produce their own difficulties, i.e. (b) 塵沙惑 illusion and temptation through the immense variety of duties in saving men; and (c) 無明惑 illusions and temptations that arise from failure philosophically to understand things in their reality.



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sān duàn
    san1 duan4
san tuan
The three cuttings off or excisions (of 惑 beguiling delusions, or perplexities). (1) (a) 見所斷 to cut off delusions of view, of which Hīnayāna has eighty-eight kinds; (b) 修所斷in practice, eighty-one kinds; (c) 非所斷nothing left to cut off, perfect. v. 倶舍論 2. (2) (a) 自性斷 to cut off the nature or root (of delusion); (b) 緣縛斷 to cut off the external bonds, or objective causes (of delusions); (c) 不生斷 (delusion) no longer arising, therefore nothing produced to cut off. The third stage in both groups is that of an arhat.


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sān fàn
    san1 fan4
san fan
The three Brahma heavens of the first dhyāna: that of 梵衆 Brahma-pāriṣadya, the assembly of Brahma; 梵輔 Brahma-purohitas, his attendants; 大梵 Mahābrahmā, Great Brahma.


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sān xíng
    san1 xing2
san hsing
(g,p) Miyuki
Three lines of action that affect karma, i.e. the ten good deeds that cause happy karma; the ten evil deeds that cause unhappy karma; 不動業 or 無動行 karma arising without activity, e.g. meditation on error and its remedy.


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shì jiā
    shi4 jia1
shih chia
family influential for generations; aristocratic family
generational houses


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shì fú
    shi4 fu2
shih fu
Earthly happiness, arising from the ordinary good living of those unenlightened by Buddhism, one of the 三福; also, the blessings of this world.


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(given name) Narisada


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èr shàn
    er4 shan4
erh shan
(surname) Futayoshi
The two good things, 定善 the good character that arises from meditation or contemplation mdash especially of the Pure Land; 散善 the good character attainable when, though not in meditation, one controls oneself in thought, word, and deed;. Also 未生善 the good character not yet evolved; and 已生善 the good character already evolved;. Also 事理善 goodness in theory and practice.



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èr yuán
    er4 yuan2
erh yüan
The two perfect doctrines, a term of the Tiantai School, called 今圓 (also 開顯圓 and 絶待圓) and 昔圓 (also 相待圓 ). 今圓 is the present really perfect 一實 doctrine arising from the Lotus Sūtra; 昔圓 is the older, or 相待 comparatively speaking perfect doctrine of the pre-Lotus teaching, that of the 藏, 通, and 別 schools; but the older was for limited salvation and not universal like the 今圓; these two are also termed 部圓 and 教圓 . The Huayan school has a division of the two perfections into 漸圓 gradual perfection and 頓圓 immediate perfection.



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èr zhí
    er4 zhi2
erh chih
The two (erroneous) tenets, or attachments: (1) 我執 or 人執 that of the reality of the ego, permanent personality, the ātman, soul or self. (2) 法執 that of the reality of dharma, things or phenomena. Both are illusions. "All illusion arises from holding to the reality of the ego and of things."


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èr miào
    er4 miao4
erh miao
The dual "marvel" of the Lotus sūtra, the 相待妙 or comparative view, i.e. compared with all previous teaching, which is the rough groundwork; and the 絕待妙 or view of it as the perfection of teaching; hence it is "wonderful" in comparison with all previous doctrine, and absolutely "wonderful' in itself; cf. 二圓.


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èr huò
    er4 huo4
erh huo
The two aspects of illusion: 見惑 perplexities or illusions and temptations arise from false views or theories. 思惑 or 修惑, ditto from thoughts arising through contact with the world, or by habit, such as desire, anger, infatuation, etc. They are also styled 理惑 illusions connected with principles and 事惑 illusions arising, in practice; v. 見思.


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èr xiàng
    er4 xiang4
erh hsiang
 nisou / niso
(noun - becomes adjective with の) two-phase
The two forms, or characteristics, of the bhutatathata, universal and particular. The 起信論 gives (a) 淨智相 pure wisdom, cf. ālaya-vijñāna, out of whose primary condition arise (b) 不思議用相 inconceivable, beneficial functions and uses. The same śāstra gives also a definition of the 眞如 as (a) 同相 that all things, pure or impure, are fundamentally of the same universal, e.g. clay which is made into tiles; (b) 異相 but display particular qualities, as affected by pure or impure causes, e.g. the tiles. Another definition, of the 智度論 31, is (a) 總相 universals, as impermanence; (b) 別相 particulars, for though all things have the universal basis of impermanence they have particular qualities, e.g. earth-solidity, heat of fire, etc.


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wǔ guǒ
    wu3 guo3
wu kuo
(1) five fruits (peach, Japanese plum, apricot, jujube, Japanese chestnut); (2) (Buddhist term) five types of effect in cause-and-effect relationships; (3) (Buddhist term) five effects of ignorance and formations on one's current life
The five fruits, or effects; there are various groups, e. g. I. (1) 異熟果 fruit ripening divergently, e. g. pleasure and goodness are in different categories; present organs accord in pain or pleasure with their past good or evil deeds; (2) 等流果 fruit of the same order, e. g. goodness reborn from previous goodness; (3) 土用果 present position and function fruit, the rewards of moral merit in previous lives; (4) 增上果 superior fruit, or position arising from previous earnest endeavor and superior capacity: (5) 離繋果 fruit of freedom from all bonds, nirvana fruit. II. Fruit, or rebirth: (1) 識 conception (viewed psychologically); (2) 名色 formation mental and physical; (3) 六處 the six organs of perception complete; (4) 觸 their birth and contact with the world; (5) 受 consciousness. III. Five orders of fruit, with stones, pips, shells (as nuts), chaff-like (as pine seeds), and with pods.


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wǔ yù
    wu3 yu4
wu yü
The five desires, arising from the objects of the five senses, things seen, heard, smelt, tasted, or touched. Also, the five desires of wealth, sex, foodand-drink, fame, and sleep.



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wǔ zhuó
    wu3 zhuo2
wu cho
the five impurities (Buddhism)
五滓; 五渾 The five kaṣāya periods of turbidity, impurity, or chaos, i. e. of decay; they are accredited to the 住 kalpa, see 四劫, and commence when human life begins to decrease below 20,000 years. (1) 劫濁 the kalpa in decay, when it suffers deterioration and gives rise to the ensuing form; (2) 見濁 deterioration of view, egoism, etc., arising; (3) 煩惱濁 the passions and delusions of desire, anger, stupidity, pride, and doubt prevail; (4) 衆生濁 in consequence human miseries increase and happiness decreases; (5) 命濁 human life time gradually diminishes to ten years. The second and third are described as the 濁 itself and the fourth and fifth its results.


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wǔ sè
    wu3 se4
wu se
multicolored; the rainbow; garish
(1) five colors (usu. red, blue, yellow, white and black); five colours; (can be adjective with の) (2) many kinds; varied; (3) (See 瓜) melon; gourd; (place-name, surname) Goshiki
The five primary colors, also called 五正色 (or 五大色): 靑 blue, 黃 yellow, 赤 red, 白 white, 黑 black. The 五間色 or compound colors are 緋 crimson, 紅, scarlet, 紫 purple, 綠 green, 磂黃 brown. The two sets correspond to the cardinal points as follows: east, blue and green; west, white, and crimson; south, red and scarlet; north, black and purple; and center, yellow and brown. The five are permutated in various ways to represent various ideas.



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wǔ jué
    wu3 jue2
wu chüeh
The five bodhi, or states of enlightenment, as described in the 起信論 Awakening of Faith; see also 五菩提 for a different group. (1) 本覺 Absolute eternal wisdom, or bodhi; (2) 始覺 bodhi in its initial stages, or in action, arising from right observances; (3) 相似覺 bodhisattva. attainment of bodhi in action, in the 十信; (4) 隨分覺 further bodhisattva-enlightenment according to capacity, i. e. the stages 十住, 十行, and 十廻向; (5) 究竟覺 final or complete enlightenment, i. e. the stage of 妙覺, which is one with the first, i. e. 本覺. The 本覺 is bodhi in the potential, 始覺 is bodhi in the active state, hence (2), (3), (4), and (5) are all the latter, but the fifth has reached the perfect quiescent stage of original bodhi.



see styles
wǔ shì
    wu3 shi4
wu shih
The five parijñānas, perceptions or cognitions; ordinarily those arising from the five senses, i. e. of form-and-color, sound, smell, taste, and touch. The 起信論 Awakening of Faith has a different set of five steps in the history of cognition; (1) 業識 initial functioning of mind under the influence of the original 無明 unenlightenment or state of ignorance; (2) 轉識 the act of turning towards the apparent object for its observation; (3) 現識 observation of the object as it appears; (4) 知識 the deductions derived from its appearance; (5) 相續識 the consequent feelings of like or dislike, pleasure or pain, from which arise the delusions and incarnations.


see styles
(female given name) Arisu



see styles
dài xiě
    dai4 xie3
tai hsieh
to write as substitute for sb; a ghost writer; plagiarism


see styles
(female given name) Narisa


see styles
(irregular okurigana usage) (adj-no,adj-na) (1) (kana only) temporary; transient; (2) trifling; slight; negligent


see styles
(surname) Karisaka


see styles
(surname) Karisawa


see styles
(surname) Karisawa


see styles
(surname) Karishige


see styles
zuò yì
    zuo4 yi4
tso i
idea; design; motif; conception; intention
cittotpāda; to have the thought arise, be aroused, beget the resolve, etc.


see styles
zuò chéng
    zuo4 cheng2
tso ch`eng
    tso cheng
(noun, transitive verb) making (a report, plan, contract, etc.); drawing up; writing out; preparing; creating (a file, website, account, etc.); (given name) Narishige



see styles
lái de
    lai2 de5
lai te
to emerge (from a comparison); to come out as; to be competent or equal to


see styles
(n,vs,vi) vulgarization; vulgarisation; secularization; secularisation; popularization; popularisation


see styles
dào hé
    dao4 he2
tao ho
A fallacious comparison in a syllogism.



see styles
dào lí
    dao4 li2
tao li
The fallacy of using a comparison in a syllogism which does not apply.

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.


This page contains 100 results for "Aris" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary