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Free Chinese & Japanese Online Dictionary

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Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 86 total results for your Ancestors search.

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition


see styles
wǔ zǔ quán / wu3 zu3 quan2
wu tsu ch`üan / wu tsu chüan
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Wuzuquan - "Five Ancestors" - Martial Art


see styles
xiān jun / xian1 jun1
hsien chün
 senkun / せんくん
my late father; my ancestors; the late emperor
previous ruler; ancestors

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zōng / zong1
 shuu / shu / しゅう
school; sect; purpose; model; ancestor; clan; to take as one's model (in academic or artistic work); classifier for batches, items, cases (medical or legal), reservoirs
sect; (given name) Motoi
Ancestors, ancestral; clan; class, category. kind; school, sect; siddhānta, summary, main doctrine, syllogism, proposition, conclusion, realization. Sects are of two kinds: (1) those founded on principles having historic continuity, as the twenty sects of the Hīnayāna, the thirteen sects of China, and the fourteen sects of Japan: (2) those arising from an individual interpretation of the general teaching of Buddhism, as the sub-sects founded by Yongming 永明 (d. 975), 法相宗, 法性宗, 破相宗, or those based on a peculiar interpretation of one of the recognized sects, as the Jōdo-shinshū 淨土眞宗 found by Shinran-shōnin. There are also divisions of five, six, and ten, which have reference to specific doctrinal differences. Cf. 宗派; a tenet

see styles
/ fu4
worship ancestors

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xiá / xia2
triennial sacrifice to ancestors

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/ ji4
 sai / まつり
to offer a sacrifice to (gods or ancestors); memorial ceremony; (in classical novels) to recite an incantation to activate a magic weapon; (lit. and fig.) to wield
festival; feast; (surname, female given name) Matsuri
Sacrifice, sacrificial; sacrifice or make offerings to one's ancestors

see styles
jiào / jiao4
to perform sacrifice
Libations or offerings, especially to ancestors; the offerings of All Souls' Day v. 盂 8; emptied, finished; libations


see styles
qī zǔ / qi1 zu3
ch`i tsu / chi tsu
(1) The seven founders of the 華嚴 Huayan School, whose names are given as 馬鳴 Aśvaghoṣa, 龍樹 Nāgārjuna 杜順 (i.e. 法順) , Zhiyan 智儼, Fazang 法藏, Chengguan 澄觀 and Zongmi 宗密; (2) the seven founders of the 禪Chan School, i.e. 達磨 or 菩提達磨 Bodhidharma, Huike 慧可, Sengcan 僧璨, Daoxin 道信, Hongren 弘忍, Huineng 慧能 and Heze 荷澤 (or Shenhui 神曾); (3) The seven founders of the 淨土 Pure Land School, i.e. Nagarjuna, 世親 Vasubandhu, Tanluan 曇鸞, Daochuo 道綽, Shandao 善導, Yuanxin 源信 and Yuankong 源空 (or Faran 法然), whose teaching is contained in the Qizushengjiao 七祖聖教; seven ancestors


see styles
shàng gòng / shang4 gong4
shang kung
to make offerings (to gods or ancestors); to offer gifts to superiors in order to win their favor
To offer up an offering to Buddha, or to ancestors; to offer up



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shàng bèi / shang4 bei4
shang pei
ancestors; one's elders
Superior, or highest class, idem 上品; higher level


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 yotoku / よとく influence of great virtue; influence of ancestors


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gòng fèng / gong4 feng4
kung feng
 gubu / ぐぶ
to consecrate; to enshrine and worship; an offering (to one's ancestors); a sacrifice (to a God)
(noun/participle) (1) accompanying; being in attendance on; (2) (abbreviation) (See 内供奉) inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)
To offer; the monk who serves at the great altar; inner offerer


see styles
xiān wáng / xian1 wang2
hsien wang


see styles
xiān rén / xian1 ren2
hsien jen
 senjin / せんじん
ancestors; previous generations; my late father
predecessor; pioneer; ancestor; (personal name) Sakito



see styles
xiān dá / xian1 da2
hsien ta
 sendatsu;sendachi / せんだつ;せんだち
famous and virtuous ancestors; the great men of the past
(1) leader; pioneer; precursor; senior figure; (2) guide; (3) (See 修験道) leader (in Shugendō); (surname) Sendatsu
senior practitioner of the path



see styles
liǎng zǔ / liang3 zu3
liang tsu
two ancestors; two ancestors


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liè zǔ / lie4 zu3
lieh tsu
line of ancestors; line of ancestors


see styles
 chuushi / chushi / ちゅうし (1) miniature shrine with double doors (used to store important Buddhist items such as sutras, etc.); (2) cabinet with double doors (used by the nobility to store books, etc.); (3) (in Okinawa) carved and decorated stone container for storing the bones of one's ancestors; (surname) Chuushi



see styles
zhòu yuàn / zhou4 yuan4
chou yüan
Vows, prayers, or formulas uttered in behalf of donors, or of the dead; especially at the All Souls Day's offerings to the seven generations of ancestors. Every word and deed of a bodhisattva should be a dhāraṇī; incantation-vow



see styles
fén yíng / fen2 ying2
fen ying
 funei / fune / ふんえい
grave; tomb; graveyard; cemetery; fig. one's native place (where one's ancestors are buried)
grave; tomb; graveyard


see styles
shì zú / shi4 zu2
shih tsu
 shizoku / しぞく
land-owning class, esp. during Wei, Jin and North-South dynasties 魏晉南北朝|魏晋南北朝
(See 華族・かぞく) family or person with samurai ancestors


see styles
fèng sì / feng4 si4
feng ssu
 houshi / hoshi / ほうし
to offer sacrifice (to Gods or ancestors); to consecrate; dedicated to
(noun/participle) enshrine
to offer sacrifice



see styles
zōng miào / zong1 miao4
tsung miao
 soubyou / sobyo / そうびょう
temple; ancestral shrine
ancestral shrine (temple); mausoleum (of one's ancestors); Imperial mausoleum


see styles
 sonzoku / そんぞく {law} (See 卑属) direct ancestors; noble ancestors



see styles
chú zi / chu2 zi5
ch`u tzu / chu tzu
 zushi / ずし
(out-dated kanji) (1) miniature shrine with double doors (used to store important Buddhist items such as sutras, etc.); (2) cabinet with double doors (used by the nobility to store books, etc.); (3) (in Okinawa) carved and decorated stone container for storing the bones of one's ancestors



see styles
diào jì / diao4 ji4
tiao chi
 chousai / chosai / ちょうさい
a worship ceremony for the dead; to offer sacrifice (to ancestors); a libation
(noun/participle) memorial service


see styles
bài jì / bai4 ji4
pai chi
to worship; to observe religious rites; to pay one's respects (to one's ancestors etc)



see styles
rì zhǒng / ri4 zhong3
jih chung
 Nisshu / につしゆ
(surname) Nitsushiyu
Sūrya-vaṃśa, one of the five surnames of Śākyamuni, sun-seed or lineage, his first ancestors having been produced by the sun from. 'two stalks of sugar-cane'; v. Ikṣvāku.


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nǎng zǔ / nang3 zu3
nang tsu
ancestors of old; ancestors of old


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 hongoku / ほんごく (1) one's own country; (2) home country (as opposed to a colony); (3) country of one's ancestors; (surname) Motokuni


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 fuso / ふそ ancestors


see styles
gān zhe / gan1 zhe5
kan che
 kansho;kansha / かんしょ;かんしゃ
sugar cane; CL:節|节[jie2]
sugar cane; (surname) Kansho
Sugar-cane, symbol of many things. A tr. of Ikṣvāku, one of the surnames of Śākyamuni, from a legend that one of his ancestors was born from a sugar-cane.


see styles
 kousou / koso / こうそう imperial ancestors



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zǔ chuán / zu3 chuan2
tsu ch`uan / tsu chuan
 soden / そでん
passed on from ancestors; handed down from generation to generation
(surname) Soden


see styles
zǔ zōng / zu3 zong1
tsu tsung
 sosou / soso / そそう
ancestor; forebear
patriarchal teaching


see styles
 sobyou / sobyo / そびょう mausoleum containing the remains of one's ancestors



see styles
zǔ bèi / zu3 bei4
tsu pei
ancestors; forefathers; ancestry


see styles
jì diàn / ji4 dian4
chi tien
to offer sacrifices (to one's ancestors); to hold or attend a memorial service


see styles
jì bài / ji4 bai4
chi pai
to offer sacrifice (to one's ancestors)


see styles
jì sì / ji4 si4
chi ssu
 saishi / さいし
to offer sacrifices to the gods or ancestors
ritual; religious service; festival
[non-Buddhist] festivals


see styles
jì zǔ / ji4 zu3
chi tsu
to offer sacrifices to one's ancestors



see styles
jī zǔ / ji1 zu3
chi tsu
many generations of ancestors



see styles
lǎo bèi / lao3 bei4
lao pei
 rouhai / rohai / ろうはい
the older generation; ancestors
the aged


see styles
 chagoto;chaji;saji / ちゃごと;ちゃじ;さじ (1) tea gathering (for the tea ceremony); (2) some matter concerning tea; (3) family tea gathering held in memory of deceased ancestors



see styles
bǔ tuó / bu3 tuo2
pu t`o / pu to
 Hoda / ほだ
(surname) Hoda
補陁; 補陀落 (補陀落迦) Potala; Potalaka. (1) A sea-port on the Indus, the παταλα of the ancients, identified by some with Thaṭtha, said to be the ancient home of Śākyamuni's ancestors. (2) A mountain south-east of Malakūṭa, reputed as the home of Avalokiteśvara. (3) The island of Pootoo, east of Ningpo, the Guanyin centre. (4) The Lhasa Potala in Tibet; the seat of the Dalai Lama, an incarnation of Avalokiteśvara; cf. 普; also written補怛落迦 (or 補但落迦); 逋多 (逋多羅); 布呾洛加.


see styles
 fuyo / ふよ (1) successive generations; (2) (abbreviation) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara); (female given name) Fuyo



see styles
pǔ dié / pu3 die2
p`u tieh / pu tieh
genealogical record; record of ancestors; family tree


see styles
 fudai / ふだい (1) successive generations; (2) (abbreviation) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara)



see styles
zhuī yuǎn / zhui1 yuan3
chui yüan
to honor one's ancestors with sacrificial rituals; to honor one's ancestors with sacrificial rituals


see styles
 itoku / いとく benefit from ancestors' virtue


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 iretsu / いれつ achievements of one's ancestors


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 reisai / resai / れいさい (See 魂祭り・たままつり,盂蘭盆) ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)



see styles
xiǎn zǔ / xian3 zu3
hsien tsu
ancestors (old)


see styles
 tamamatsuri / たままつり ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)



see styles
zhāi jì / zhai1 ji4
chai chi
to offer sacrifices (to gods or ancestors) whilst abstaining from meat, wine etc



see styles
shàng bèi zi / shang4 bei4 zi5
shang pei tzu
one's ancestors; past generations; a former incarnation


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fó wǔ xìng / fo2 wu3 xing4
fo wu hsing
The five surnames of Buddha before he became enlightened: 瞿曇 Gautama, a branch of the Śākya clan; 甘蔗Ikṣvāku, one of Buddha's ancestors; 日種 Sūryavaṁśa, of the sun race; 舍夷 ? Śāka; 釋迦 Śākya, the name of Buddha's clan. This last is generally used in China; the Buddha's five surnames


see styles
 zushigame / ずしがめ (called じ〜しか〜み or じ〜しが〜み in Okinawa) (See 厨子・3) decorated pottery container for storing the bones of one's ancestors (Okinawa)


see styles
huí lǎo jiā / hui2 lao3 jia1
hui lao chia
to go back to one's roots; to return to one's native place; by ext. to join one's ancestors (i.e. to die)


see styles
běn shěng rén / ben3 sheng3 ren2
pen sheng jen
 honshoujin / honshojin / ほんしょうじん
people of this province; (in Taiwan) Han Chinese people other than those who moved to Taiwan from mainland China after 1945 and their descendants
(1) (See 外省人・1) someone from one's own province (China); (2) (See 外省人・2) someone whose ancestors had lived in Taiwan before the Kuomintang related immigration wave


see styles
gān zhè wáng / gan1 zhe4 wang2
kan che wang
 Kansho ō
懿師摩; 一叉鳩王 King of the sugar-cane; Ikṣvāku Virūḍhaka, said to be one of the ancestors of Śākyamuni, but the name is claimed by others.


see styles
 koureiden / koreden / こうれいでん shrine of imperial ancestors


see styles
 koureisai / koresai / こうれいさい equinoctial ceremony held by the emperor at the shrine of imperial ancestors



see styles
yú lán pén / yu2 lan2 pen2
yü lan p`en / yü lan pen
 urabon / うらぼん
Bon festival; Feast of Lanterns
(盂蘭); 鳥藍婆 (鳥藍婆拏) ullambana 盂蘭 may be another form of lambana or avalamba, "hanging down," "depending," "support"; it is intp. "to hang upside down", or "to be in suspense", referring to extreme suffering in purgatory; but there is a suggestion of the dependence of the dead on the living. By some 盆 is regarded as a Chinese word, not part of the transliteration, meaning a vessel filled with offerings of food. The term is applied to the festival of All Souls, held about the 15th of the 7th moon, when masses are read by Buddhist and Taoist priests and elaborate offerings made to the Buddhist Trinity for the purpose of releasing from purgatory the souls of those who have died on land or sea. The Ullambanapātra Sutra is attributed to Śākyamuni, of course incorrectly; it was first tr. into Chinese by Dharmaraksha, A.D. 266-313 or 317; the first masses are not reported until the time of Liang Wudi, A.D. 538; and were popularized by Amogha (A.D. 732) under the influence of the Yogācārya School. They are generally observed in China, but are unknown to Southern Buddhism. The "idea of intercession on the part of the priesthood for the benefit of" souls in hell "is utterly antagonistic to the explicit teaching of primitive Buddhism'" The origin of the custom is unknown, but it is foisted on to Śākyamuni, whose disciple Maudgalyāyana is represented as having been to purgatory to relieve his mother's sufferings. Śākyamuni told him that only the united efforts of the whole priesthood 十方衆會 could alleviate the pains of the suffering. The mere suggestion of an All Souls Day with a great national day for the monks is sufficient to account for the spread of the festival. Eitel says: "Engrafted upon the narrative ancestral worship, this ceremonial for feeding the ghost of deceased ancestors of seven generations obtained immense popularity and is now practised by everybody in China, by Taoists even and by Confucianists." All kinds of food offerings are made and paper garments, etc., burnt. The occasion, 7th moon, 15th day, is known as the盂蘭會 (or 盂蘭盆會 or 盂蘭齋 or 盂蘭盆齋) and the sutra as 盂蘭經 (or 盂蘭盆經).



see styles
zǔ niǎo lèi / zu3 niao3 lei4
tsu niao lei
dinosaur ancestors of birds


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 shouryoudana / shoryodana / しょうりょうだな shelf with offerings for welcoming the spirits of one's ancestors during the Bon Festival


see styles
 tamamatsuri / たままつり ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)



see styles
dǐng shēng wáng / ding3 sheng1 wang2
ting sheng wang
Mūrdhaja-rāja, the king born from the crown of the head, name of the first cakravartī ancestors of the Śākya clan; the name is also applied to a former incarnation of Śākyamuni.


see styles
 tamamatsuri / たままつり ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)



see styles
yī fó liǎng zǔ / yi1 fo2 liang3 zu3
i fo liang tsu
 ichibutsu ryōso
one Buddha and two ancestors; one Buddha and two ancestors



see styles
guāng qián yù hòu / guang1 qian2 yu4 hou4
kuang ch`ien yü hou / kuang chien yü hou
to bring honor to one's ancestors and benefit future generations (idiom)


see styles
guāng zōng yào zǔ / guang1 zong1 yao4 zu3
kuang tsung yao tsu
to bring honor to one's ancestors


see styles
dà sān mò duō / da4 san1 mo4 duo1
ta san mo to
Mahāsaṃmata. The first of the five kings of the Vivarta kalpa (成劫五王 ), one of the ancestors of the Śākya clan.


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 kyuuchuusanden / kyuchusanden / きゅうちゅうさんでん the palace sanctuary, shrine of imperial ancestors and temple inside the Japanese imperial palace



see styles
shǔ diǎn wàng zǔ / shu3 dian3 wang4 zu3
shu tien wang tsu
to recount history but omit one's ancestors (idiom); to forget one's roots



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róng zōng yào zǔ / rong2 zong1 yao4 zu3
jung tsung yao tsu
to bring honor to one's ancestors (idiom); also written 光宗耀祖


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 kousokousou / kosokoso / こうそこうそう ancestors of the Imperial Family


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 chiohiku / ちをひく (exp,v5k) to be descended from; to inherit (a disposition, etc.) from one's ancestors


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 fudaidaimyou / fudaidaimyo / ふだいだいみょう (yoji) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara)


see styles
 ohakamairi / おはかまいり ritual visit to the tomb of one's ancestors (bringing flowers, burning incense, cleansing the tombstone)


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 ihaiokegasu / いはいをけがす (exp,v5s) to disgrace one's ancestors; to tarnish the honour of one's ancestors


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 fudai / ふだい (1) successive generations; (2) (abbreviation) (See 譜代大名) hereditary daimyo (whose ancestors supported Tokugawa Ieyasu prior to the battle of Sekigahara)



see styles
jué chū liǎng zǔ fǔ zàng / jue2 chu1 liang3 zu3 fu3 zang4
chüeh ch`u liang tsu fu tsang / chüeh chu liang tsu fu tsang
 kessui ryōso fuzō
to scoop out the guts of the two ancestors; to scoop out the guts of the two ancestors


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 sosennoreiomatsuru / sosennoreomatsuru / そせんのれいをまつる (exp,v5r) to perform religious services for the departed souls of one's ancestors


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 zushi / ずし (1) miniature shrine with double doors (used to store important Buddhist items such as sutras, etc.); (2) (See 厨子棚) cabinet with double doors (used by the nobility to store books, etc.); (3) (See 厨子甕) (in Okinawa) carved and decorated stone container for storing the bones of one's ancestors


see styles
 tamamatsuri / たままつり (See 霊祭・れいさい,盂蘭盆) ceremony honouring the spirits of ancestors (esp. the Bon festival)

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.

This page contains 86 results for "Ancestors" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

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