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Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

主動


主动

see styles
zhǔ dòng / zhu3 dong4
chu tung
 shudou / shudo / しゅどう
 Scroll
to take the initiative; to do something of one's own accord; spontaneous; active; opposite: passive 被動|被动[bei4 dong4]; drive (of gears and shafts etc)
leadership

列寧


列宁

see styles
liè níng / lie4 ning2
lieh ning
 reenin / れえにん
 Scroll
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), Russian revolutionary leader
Lenin

友情

see styles
yǒu qíng / you3 qing2
yu ch`ing / yu ching
 yuujou / yujo / ゆうじょう
 Scroll
friendly feelings; friendship
friendship; fellowship; camaraderie; (female given name) Firia

大師


大师

see styles
dà shī / da4 shi1
ta shih
 daishi / だいし
 Scroll
great master; master
(honorific or respectful language) {Buddh} great teacher (i.e. a buddha, bodhisattva or high monk, esp. Kobo Daishi); (place-name) Daishi
Great teacher, or leader, one of the ten titles of a Buddha; Great Teacher

毛拉

see styles
máo lā / mao2 la1
mao la
 Scroll
Mullah (religious leader in Islam)

菩薩


菩萨

see styles
pú sà / pu2 sa4
p`u sa / pu sa
 bosatsu(p);bosachi(ok) / ぼさつ(P);ぼさち(ok)
 Scroll
Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
(n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.

隊長


队长

see styles
duì zhǎng / dui4 zhang3
tui chang
 taichou / taicho / たいちょう
 Scroll
captain; team leader; CL:個|个[ge4]
commanding officer

領導


领导

see styles
lǐng dǎo / ling3 dao3
ling tao
 ryoudou / ryodo / りょうどう
 Scroll
lead; leading; to lead; leadership; leader; CL:位[wei4],個|个[ge4]
(noun/participle) leadership; guidance

ハリス

see styles
 harisu / ハリス
 Scroll
(kana only) snell (fishing); leader; trace; cast; (personal name) Hallis; Haris; Harris; Harriss

影武者

see styles
 kagemusha / かげむしゃ
 Scroll
(1) body double (orig. of a military leader); (2) wire puller; someone behind the scenes

指導力

see styles
 shidouryoku / shidoryoku / しどうりょく
 Scroll
leadership skill; leadership ability

諸葛亮


诸葛亮

see styles
zhū gě liàng / zhu1 ge3 liang4
chu ko liang
 Scroll
Zhuge Liang (181-234), military leader and prime minister of Shu Han 蜀漢|蜀汉 during the Three Kingdoms period; the main hero of the fictional Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义, where he is portrayed as a sage and military genius; mastermind

運動家


运动家

see styles
yùn dòng jiā / yun4 dong4 jia1
yün tung chia
 undouka / undoka / うんどうか
 Scroll
athlete; sportsman; activist
(1) (See 活動家) activist; campaigner; crusader (e.g. for women's rights); (2) athlete; sporty person

阿巴斯

see styles
ā bā sī / a1 ba1 si1
a pa ssu
 Scroll
Abbas (name); Mahmoud Abbas (1935-), also called Abu Mazen, Palestinian leader, Chairman of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) from 2005

マデリン

see styles
 maderin / マデリン
 Scroll
(personal name) Madeline

卡斯特羅


卡斯特罗

see styles
kǎ sī tè luó / ka3 si1 te4 luo2
k`a ssu t`e lo / ka ssu te lo
 Scroll
Castro (name); Fidel Castro or Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (1926-), Cuban revolutionary leader, prime minister 1959-1976, president 1976-2008

馬可波羅


马可波罗

see styles
mǎ kě bō luó / ma3 ke3 bo1 luo2
ma k`o po lo / ma ko po lo
 Scroll
Marco Polo (1254-c. 1324), Venetian trader and explorer who traveled the Silk road to China, author of Il Milione (Travels of Marco Polo)

アデレイド

see styles
 adereido / aderedo / アデレイド
 Scroll
(place-name) Adelaide

see styles
zhǔ / zhu3
chu
 nushi / ぬし
owner; master; host; individual or party concerned; God; Lord; main; to indicate or signify; trump card (in card games)
(1) head (of a household, etc.); leader; master; (2) owner; proprietor; proprietress; (3) subject (of a rumour, etc.); doer (of a deed); (4) guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers); long-time resident (or employee, etc.); (5) husband; (pronoun) (6) (familiar language) (See おぬし) you; (given name) Mamoru
Chief, lord, master; to control.

see styles
kòu / kou4
k`ou / kou
 kou / ko / こう
to invade; to plunder; bandit; foe; enemy
(obscure) invasion; invader; (surname) Kou

see styles
 shou / sho / しょう commander; general; leader; (given name) Masaru


see styles
shī / shi1
shih
 shi / し
teacher; master; expert; model; army division; (old) troops; to dispatch troops
(1) teacher; master; one's mentor; (n,suf) (2) religious leader; (suffix) (3) specialist; (4) (archaism) five-battalion brigade comprising 2500 men (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (surname) Morosaki
A host, army; a leader, preceptor, teacher, model; tr. of upādhyāya, an 'under-teacher', generally intp. as a Buddhist monk.

see styles
jiàn / jian4
chien
 kon / やかた
to establish; to found; to set up; to build; to construct
(n,n-suf,n-pref) contract; commitment; (archaism) leader of a fearless tribe; (personal name) Yakata
To found, set up, establish, build.

see styles
/ yu3

 u / う
Yu the Great (c. 21st century BC), mythical leader who tamed the floods; surname Yu
(surname) U

see styles
shùn / shun4
shun
 shun / ひとし
Shun (c. 22nd century BC), mythical sage and leader
(male given name) Hitoshi
The legendary Emperor Shun, 2255-2205 B.C; Chinese Emperor Shun


see styles
/ ba4
pa
 ha / は
variant of 霸[ba4]
(1) (See 覇を唱える) supremacy (over a nation); hegemony; domination; leadership; (2) championship; victory; (female given name) Haru


see styles
zhǎng / zhang3
chang
 chou / cho / ちょう
chief; head; elder; to grow; to develop; to increase; to enhance
(1) head; chief; leader; elder; (2) (See 短・1) merit; strong point; (3) superiority; (4) {music} (See 短・2) major; (surname) Michi
chang, long; always; zhang, to grow, rising, senior.

see styles
zhǔ / zhu3
chu
 shu
leader of herd; stag
A great deer, whose tail is used as a fly-whip; the use of which is forbidden to monks; a great deer

ます

see styles
 masu / ます (auxiliary verb) (1) (polite language) used to indicate respect for the listener (or reader); (2) (archaism) (humble language) used to indicate respect for those affected by the action; (female given name) Masu

ボス

see styles
 bosu / ボス (1) boss; leader; head; (2) difficult enemy in a video game, usu. found at the end of a level or game; (place-name) Voss; Vos

七僧

see styles
qī sēng / qi1 seng1
ch`i seng / chi seng
 shichisō
A monastery is supposed to possess the following seven monks: 咒願師 invoker; 導師 leader; 唄師 intoner, or leader of the chanting; 散花師 flower-scatterer; 梵音師 master of sacred words, or Sanskrit; 錫杖師 shaker of the rings on the metal staff, or crozier; 堂達 distributor of missals, etc. Another division is 講師 expounder; 讀師 reader; 咒願師; 三禮師 director of the three ceremonies; 唄師; 散花師; and 堂達.

上首

see styles
shàng shǒu / shang4 shou3
shang shou
 joushu / joshu / じょうしゅ
seat of honor; first place
chief; leader; guide
President, or presiding elders; most excellent

下來


下来

see styles
xià lai / xia4 lai5
hsia lai
to come down; (completed action marker); (after verb of motion, indicates motion down and towards us, also fig.); (indicates continuation from the past towards us); to be harvested (of crops); to be over (of a period of time); to go among the masses (said of leaders)

中寺

see styles
 nakadera / なかでら (place-name, surname) Nakadera

丹瑞

see styles
dān ruì / dan1 rui4
tan jui
General Than Shwe (1933-), Myanmar army officer and politician, leader of the military junta 1992-2011

主導


主导

see styles
zhǔ dǎo / zhu3 dao3
chu tao
 shudou / shudo / しゅどう
leading; dominant; prevailing; to lead; to direct; to dominate
(noun/participle) leadership; initiative; spearhead

主脳

see styles
 shunou / shuno / しゅのう (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) head; leader; leading spirit; (2) (archaism) important part

主謀

see styles
 shubou / shubo / しゅぼう (1) plotting; planning (crime, intrigue); (2) ringleader; mastermind; leader (of a plot)

主領

see styles
 shuryou / shuryo / しゅりょう head; chief; boss; leader

五帝

see styles
wǔ dì / wu3 di4
wu ti
 gotai
Five Emperors from legendary times; possibly tribal leaders before the historiographers got working on them; usually taken to be the Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝[Huang2 di4] and four of his sons Zhuan Xu 顓頊|颛顼[Zhuan1 Xu1], Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾[Di4 Ku4], Tang Yao 唐堯|唐尧[Tang2 Yao2], Yu Shun 虞舜[Yu2 Shun4]
five emperors

人師


人师

see styles
rén shī / ren2 shi1
jen shih
 ninshi
A leader or teacher of men.

今寺

see styles
 imadera / いまでら (place-name, surname) Imadera

付す

see styles
 fusu / ふす (transitive verb) (1) to affix; to append; to attach; (2) to entrust; to refer; to handle (as such); (3) to follow (the leader); (4) to submit (a document, etc.)

仲卸

see styles
 nakaoroshi / なかおろし intermediate wholesaler; middle trader; middleman; broker

仲寺

see styles
 nakadera / なかでら (place-name) Nakadera

伯楽

see styles
 hakuraku / はくらく (sensitive word) cattle or horse trader; good judge of horses or cattle; (given name) Hakuraku

作家

see styles
zuò jiā / zuo4 jia1
tso chia
 sakka / さっか
author; CL:個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
author; writer; novelist; artist; (surname) Sakuka
Leader, founder, head of sect, a term used by the 禪 Chan (Zen) or Intuitive school; maker

來自


来自

see styles
lái zì / lai2 zi4
lai tzu
to come from (a place); From: (in email header)

例題


例题

see styles
lì tí / li4 ti2
li t`i / li ti
 reidai / redai / れいだい
problem or question solved for illustrative purposes in the classroom; practice question (used in preparation for an exam); sample question
example; exercise (for the reader)

像章

see styles
xiàng zhāng / xiang4 zhang1
hsiang chang
badge; insignia; lapel badge (e.g. with miniature portrait of great national leader)

元兇

see styles
 genkyou / genkyo / げんきょう    gankyou / gankyo / がんきょう (out-dated kanji) (1) ringleader; main culprit; (2) main cause; source; (out-dated kanji) (ik) (1) ringleader; main culprit; (2) main cause; source

元凶

see styles
yuán xiōng / yuan2 xiong1
yüan hsiung
 genkyou / genkyo / げんきょう    gankyou / gankyo / がんきょう
chief offender; main culprit
(1) ringleader; main culprit; (2) main cause; source; (ik) (1) ringleader; main culprit; (2) main cause; source

先導


先导

see styles
xiān dǎo / xian1 dao3
hsien tao
 sendou / sendo / せんどう
guide; forerunner; pioneer
(noun/participle) guidance; leadership; leading the way
guide

先進


先进

see styles
xiān jìn / xian1 jin4
hsien chin
 senshin / せんしん
advanced (technology); to advance
(noun - becomes adjective with の) seniority; advance; leadership
先輩 Of earlier, or senior rank or achievement.

先達


先达

see styles
xiān dá / xian1 da2
hsien ta
 sendatsu;sendachi / せんだつ;せんだち
famous and virtuous ancestors; the great men of the past
(1) leader; pioneer; precursor; senior figure; (2) guide; (3) (See 修験道) leader (in Shugendō); (surname) Sendatsu
senior practitioner of the path

先駆

see styles
 senku / せんく (noun/participle) (1) forerunner; precursor; pioneer; leader; (2) (See 前駆・1) outrider; outriding

党首

see styles
 toushu / toshu / とうしゅ party leader

六妄

see styles
liù wàng / liu4 wang4
liu wang
 rokumō
The six misleaders, i. e. the six senses; six deluders

兵權


兵权

see styles
bīng quán / bing1 quan2
ping ch`üan / ping chüan
military leadership; military power

冠冕

see styles
guān miǎn / guan1 mian3
kuan mien
royal crown; official hat; official; leader; chief; elegant and stately

凡例

see styles
fán lì / fan2 li4
fan li
 hanrei / hanre / はんれい
notes on the use of a book; guide to the reader
(1) explanatory notes (at the start of a book); introductory remarks; usage guide (e.g. of a dictionary); (2) (See キャプション) legend (on maps, drawings, etc.)

刀禰

see styles
 tone / とね (1) {Shinto} (used at certain shrines, e.g. Ise, Kamo) priest; (2) (archaism) (See 四等官) member of one of the four administrative ranks in the ritsuryo system; (3) (archaism) government official in charge of a town, esp. in Heian Kyoto; (4) (archaism) prominent member of a town; (5) river boatman; captain of a riverboat; (6) (archaism) (medieval) harbor manager; (7) (archaism) bandit leader; head of a gang of brigands; (surname) Tone

劉邦


刘邦

see styles
liú bāng / liu2 bang1
liu pang
 ryuuhou / ryuho / りゅうほう
Liu Bang (256 or 247-195 BC), bandit leader who became first Han emperor Han Gaozu 漢高祖|汉高祖 (reigned 202-195 BC)
(person) Ryuu Hou (BCE 247-195)

助番

see styles
 sukeban / すけばん leader of a female gang; leader of a group of delinquent girls

北寺

see styles
 kitadera / きたでら (place-name, surname) Kitadera

十師


十师

see styles
shí shī / shi2 shi1
shih shih
 jisshi
The ten monks necessary for a full ordination of a monk, i.e. 三師七證 three leaders and seven witnesses; ten preceptors

単于

see styles
 zenu / ぜんう (See 匈奴) Chanyu; supreme leader of the Xiongnu people

博労

see styles
 bakurou / bakuro / ばくろう (sensitive word) cattle or horse trader; good judge of horses or cattle; (place-name) Bakurou

原寺

see styles
 haradera / はらでら (surname) Haradera

叛将

see styles
 hanshou / hansho / はんしょう rebel leader

吊具

see styles
diào jù / diao4 ju4
tiao chü
spreader (for pallet, container etc)

君長


君长

see styles
jun zhǎng / jun1 zhang3
chün chang
(old) sovereign; tribal leader

和寺

see styles
 wadera / わでら (surname) Wadera

唄士


呗士

see styles
bài shì / bai4 shi4
pai shih
 baishi
唄師 Leader of the chanting; intoner

商人

see styles
shāng rén / shang1 ren2
shang jen
 shounin(p);akindo;akiudo(ok);akyuudo(ok);akibito(ok) / shonin(p);akindo;akiudo(ok);akyudo(ok);akibito(ok) / しょうにん(P);あきんど;あきうど(ok);あきゅうど(ok);あきびと(ok)
merchant; businessman
merchant; trader; tradesman; dealer; shopkeeper; (place-name) Akindo
merchant

商屋

see styles
 akinaiya / あきないや merchant; merchandiser; shop; shopkeeper; trader

商戶


商户

see styles
shāng hù / shang1 hu4
shang hu
merchant; trader; businessman; firm

商販


商贩

see styles
shāng fàn / shang1 fan4
shang fan
trader; peddler

商賈


商贾

see styles
shāng gǔ / shang1 gu3
shang ku
 shōko
merchant
A trader, one of the vaiśya caste; a trader

四唱

see styles
sì chàng / si4 chang4
ssu ch`ang / ssu chang
 shishō
The four commanders or leaders; see Lotus Sutra 15.

四姓

see styles
sì xìng / si4 xing4
ssu hsing
 shisei / shise / しせい
(1) the four great families of the age (esp. the Minamoto clan, the Taira clan, the Fujiwara clan and the Tachibana clan); (2) (See ヴァルナ) varna (each of the four Hindu castes)
The four Indian 'clans' or castes— brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya, and śūdra, i. e. (1) priestly, (2) military and ruling, (3) farmers and traders, and (4) serfs; born respectively from the mouth, shoulders, flanks, and feet of Brahma; four castes

団長

see styles
 danchou / dancho / だんちょう leader of a delegation (body, party)

團建


团建

see styles
tuán jiàn / tuan2 jian4
t`uan chien / tuan chien
team building (abbr. for 團隊建設|团队建设[tuan2 dui4 jian4 she4]); building camaraderie within the Chinese Communist Youth League 中國共產主義青年團|中国共产主义青年团[Zhong1 guo2 Gong4 chan3 zhu3 yi4 Qing1 nian2 tuan2]

坂寺

see styles
 sakadera / さかでら (surname) Sakadera

士師

see styles
 shishi / しし (1) judge (of ancient China); (2) (See 士師記) judge (leader of ancient Israel); (surname) Hashi

売人

see styles
 bainin / ばいにん trader; smuggler; pusher; drug dealer; drug runner

外敵

see styles
 gaiteki / がいてき foreign enemy; outside invader

大哥

see styles
dà gē / da4 ge1
ta ko
eldest brother; big brother (polite address for a man of about the same age as oneself); gang leader; boss

大士

see styles
dà shì / da4 shi4
ta shih
 daishi / ふとし
(personal name) Futoshi
Mahasattva. 開士 A great being, noble, a leader of men, a bodhisattva; also a śrāvaka, a Buddha; especially one who 自利利他 benefits himself to help others.

大将

see styles
 taishou(p);daishou(ok) / taisho(p);daisho(ok) / たいしょう(P);だいしょう(ok) (1) general; admiral; (2) head; chief; leader; boss; kingpin; (3) (familiar language) (familiar or jocular term for addressing a male) old chap; mate; boss; chief; man; (4) (See 先鋒・せんぽう・2) athlete who competes in the last match of a team competition (kendo, judo, etc.); (given name) Hiromasa

大禹

see styles
dà yǔ / da4 yu3
ta yü
Yu the Great (c. 21st century BC) mythical leader who tamed the floods

奢香

see styles
shē xiāng / she1 xiang1
she hsiang
She Xiang (c. 1361-1396), lady who served as Yi ethnic group leader in Yunnan in early Ming times

宗主

see styles
zōng zhǔ / zong1 zhu3
tsung chu
 soushu / soshu / そうしゅ
head of a clan; natural leader; person of prestige and authority in a domain; suzerain
suzerain

宮寺

see styles
 guuji;miyadera;miyatera / guji;miyadera;miyatera / ぐうじ;みやでら;みやてら Buddhist temple within a Shinto shrine; (surname) Moyadera

寮長


寮长

see styles
liáo zhǎng / liao2 zhang3
liao chang
 ryouchou / ryocho / りょうちょう
dormitory leader; dormitory superintendent
monastery manager

導師


导师

see styles
dǎo shī / dao3 shi1
tao shih
 doushi / doshi / どうし
tutor; teacher; academic advisor
(1) {Buddh} officiating priest; presiding priest at a ceremony; (2) (esp. Buddhist) religious teacher; highly-ranked priest; (3) guru; instructor (yoga, etc.)
nāyaka; a leader, guide, one who guides men to Buddha's teaching; applied also to Buddhas and bodhisattvas, and to the leaders of the ritual in Buddhist services; v. 天人道師; a (spiritual) guide

小乘

see styles
xiǎo shèng / xiao3 sheng4
hsiao sheng
 shōjō
Hinayana, the Lesser Vehicle; Buddhism in India before the Mayahana sutras; also pr. [Xiao3 cheng2]
Hīnayāna 希那衍. The small, or inferior wain, or vehicle; the form of Buddhism which developed after Śākyamuni's death to about the beginning of the Christian era, when Mahāyāna doctrines were introduced. It is the orthodox school and more in direct line with the Buddhist succession than Mahāyānism which developed on lines fundamentally different. The Buddha was a spiritual doctor, less interested in philosophy than in the remedy for human misery and perpetual transmigration. He "turned aside from idle metaphysical speculations; if he held views on such topics, he deemed them valueless for the purposes of salvation, which was his goal" (Keith). Metaphysical speculations arose after his death, and naturally developed into a variety of Hīnayāna schools before and after the separation of a distinct school of Mahāyāna. Hīnayāna remains the form in Ceylon, Burma, and Siam, hence is known as Southern Buddhism in contrast with Northern Buddhism or Mahāyāna, the form chiefly prevalent from Nepal to Japan. Another rough division is that of Pali and Sanskrit, Pali being the general literary language of the surviving form of Hīnayāna, Sanskrit of Mahāyāna. The term Hīnayāna is of Mahāyānist origination to emphasize the universalism and altruism of Mahāyāna over the narrower personal salvation of its rival. According to Mahāyāna teaching its own aim is universal Buddhahood, which means the utmost development of wisdom and the perfect transformation of all the living in the future state; it declares that Hīnayāna, aiming at arhatship and pratyekabuddhahood, seeks the destruction of body and mind and extinction in nirvāṇa. For arhatship the 四諦Four Noble Truths are the foundation teaching, for pratyekabuddhahood the 十二因緣 twelve-nidānas, and these two are therefore sometimes styled the two vehicles 二乘. Tiantai sometimes calls them the (Hīnayāna) Tripiṭaka school. Three of the eighteen Hīnayāna schools were transported to China: 倶舍 (Abhidharma) Kośa; 成實 Satya-siddhi; and the school of Harivarman, the律 Vinaya school. These are described by Mahāyānists as the Buddha's adaptable way of meeting the questions and capacity of his hearers, though his own mind is spoken of as always being in the absolute Mahāyāna all-embracing realm. Such is the Mahāyāna view of Hīnayāna, and if the Vaipulya sūtras and special scriptures of their school, which are repudiated by Hīnayāna, are apocryphal, of which there seems no doubt, then Mahāyāna in condemning Hīnayāna must find other support for its claim to orthodoxy. The sūtras on which it chiefly relies, as regards the Buddha, have no authenticity; while those of Hīnayāna cannot be accepted as his veritable teaching in the absence of fundamental research. Hīnayāna is said to have first been divided into minority and majority sections immediately after the death of Śākyamuni, when the sthāvira, or older disciples, remained in what is spoken of as "the cave", some place at Rājagṛha, to settle the future of the order, and the general body of disciples remained outside; these two are the first 上坐部 and 大衆部 q. v. The first doctrinal division is reported to have taken place under the leadership of the monk 大天 Mahādeva (q.v.) a hundred years after the Buddha's nirvāṇa and during the reign of Aśoka; his reign, however, has been placed later than this by historians. Mahādeva's sect became the Mahāsāṅghikā, the other the Sthāvira. In time the two are said to have divided into eighteen, which with the two originals are the so-called "twenty sects" of Hīnayāna. Another division of four sects, referred to by Yijing, is that of the 大衆部 (Arya) Mahāsaṅghanikāya, 上座部 Āryasthavirāḥ, 根本說一切有部 Mūlasarvāstivādaḥ, and 正量部 Saṃmatīyāḥ. There is still another division of five sects, 五部律. For the eighteen Hīnayāna sects see 小乘十八部; small vehicle

小昊

see styles
xiǎo hào / xiao3 hao4
hsiao hao
Xiaohao (c. 2200 BC), leader of the Dongyi 東夷|东夷[Dong1 yi2] or Eastern Barbarians

尼寺

see styles
ní sì / ni2 si4
ni ssu
 amadera / あまでら
nunnery; convent; (place-name) Ninji
A nunnery, or convent.

居候

see styles
 isourou / isoro / いそうろう (noun/participle) lodger who pays nothing for room and board; freeloader; sponger

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.

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This page contains 100 results for "Ader" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

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