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Key:

Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

五部

see styles
wǔ bù
    wu3 bu4
wu pu
 gohe
    ごへ
(place-name) Gohe
The five classes, or groups I. The 四諦 four truths, which four are classified as 見道 or theory, and 修道 practice, e. g. the eightfold path. II. The five early Hīnayāna sects, see 一切有部 or Sarvastivadah. III. The five groups of the Vajradhātu maṇḍala.

任宏

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

侃宏

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

侃煕

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

偵久

see styles
 sadahisa
    さだひさ
(personal name) Sadahisa

偵人

see styles
 sadahito
    さだひと
(personal name) Sadahito

偵博

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

偵宏

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

偵寛

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

偵尚

see styles
 sadahisa
    さだひさ
(personal name) Sadahisa

偵広

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

偵弘

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

偵彦

see styles
 sadahiko
    さだひこ
(male given name) Sadahiko

偵春

see styles
 sadaharu
    さだはる
(personal name) Sadaharu

偵洋

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

偵浩

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

偵裕

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

傳裕

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

勘彦

see styles
 sadahiko
    さだひこ
(male given name) Sadahiko

勘明

see styles
 sadaharu
    さだはる
(personal name) Sadaharu

勘晴

see styles
 sadaharu
    さだはる
(personal name) Sadaharu

匡煕

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

匡裕

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

只仁

see styles
 tadahito
    ただひと
(male given name) Tadahito

只保

see styles
 tadaho
    ただほ
(surname) Tadaho

只八

see styles
 tadahachi
    ただはち
(personal name) Tadahachi

只平

see styles
 tadahira
    ただひら
(surname) Tadahira

只彦

see styles
 tadahiko
    ただひこ
(male given name) Tadahiko

唯博

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

唯宏

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

唯広

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

唯弘

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

唯彦

see styles
 tadahiko
    ただひこ
(male given name) Tadahiko

唯治

see styles
 tadaharu
    ただはる
(given name) Tadaharu

四執


四执

see styles
sì zhí
    si4 zhi2
ssu chih
 shishū
The four erroneous tenets; also 四邪; 四迷; 四術; there are two groups: I. The four of the 外道 outsiders, or non-Buddhists, i. e. of Brahminism, concerning the law of cause and effect: (1) 邪因邪果 heretical theory of causation, e. g. creation by Mahesvara; (2) 無因有果 or 自然, effect independent of cause, e. g. creation without a cause, or spontaneous generation; (3) 有因無果 cause without effect, e. g. no future life as the result of this. (4) 無因無果 neither cause nor effect, e. g. that rewards and punishments are independent of morals. II. The four erroneous tenets of 內外道 insiders and outsiders, Buddhist and Brahman, also styled 四宗 the four schools, as negated in the 中論 Mādhyamika śāstra: (1) outsiders, who do not accept either the 人 ren or 法 fa ideas of 空 kong; (2) insiders who hold the Abhidharma or Sarvāstivādāḥ tenet, which recognizes 人空 human impersonality, but not 法空 the unreality of things; (3) also those who hold the 成實 Satyasiddhi tenet which discriminates the two meanings of 空 kong but not clearly; and also (4) those in Mahāyāna who hold the tenet of the realists; four mistaken attachments

士衛

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(male given name) Tadahiro

子久

see styles
 tadahisa
    ただひさ
(male given name) Tadahisa

定久

see styles
 sadahisa
    さだひさ
(surname, given name) Sadahisa

定人

see styles
 sadahito
    さだひと
(personal name) Sadahito

定八

see styles
 sadahachi
    さだはち
(personal name) Sadahachi

定博

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

定原

see styles
 sadahara
    さだはら
(surname) Sadahara

定啓

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

定宏

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(given name) Sadahiro

定寛

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

定尚

see styles
 sadahisa
    さだひさ
(personal name) Sadahisa

定平

see styles
 sadahei / sadahe
    さだへい
(given name) Sadahei

定広

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(place-name, surname) Sadahiro

定廣

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(surname) Sadahiro

定彦

see styles
 sadahiko
    さだひこ
(male given name) Sadahiko

定敏

see styles
 sadaharu
    さだはる
(given name) Sadaharu

定春

see styles
 sadaharu
    さだはる
(given name) Sadaharu

定晴

see styles
 sadaharu
    さだはる
(given name) Sadaharu

定橋

see styles
 sadahashi
    さだはし
(surname) Sadahashi

定洋

see styles
dìng yáng
    ding4 yang2
ting yang
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(payment) account
(personal name) Sadahiro

定浩

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

定裕

see styles
 sadahiro
    さだひろ
(personal name) Sadahiro

宰宏

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

宰平

see styles
 tadahira
    ただひら
(given name) Tadahira

小乘

see styles
xiǎo shèng
    xiao3 sheng4
hsiao sheng
 shōjō
Hinayana, the Lesser Vehicle; Buddhism in India before the Mayahana sutras; also pr. [Xiao3 cheng2]
Hīnayāna 希那衍. The small, or inferior wain, or vehicle; the form of Buddhism which developed after Śākyamuni's death to about the beginning of the Christian era, when Mahāyāna doctrines were introduced. It is the orthodox school and more in direct line with the Buddhist succession than Mahāyānism which developed on lines fundamentally different. The Buddha was a spiritual doctor, less interested in philosophy than in the remedy for human misery and perpetual transmigration. He "turned aside from idle metaphysical speculations; if he held views on such topics, he deemed them valueless for the purposes of salvation, which was his goal" (Keith). Metaphysical speculations arose after his death, and naturally developed into a variety of Hīnayāna schools before and after the separation of a distinct school of Mahāyāna. Hīnayāna remains the form in Ceylon, Burma, and Siam, hence is known as Southern Buddhism in contrast with Northern Buddhism or Mahāyāna, the form chiefly prevalent from Nepal to Japan. Another rough division is that of Pali and Sanskrit, Pali being the general literary language of the surviving form of Hīnayāna, Sanskrit of Mahāyāna. The term Hīnayāna is of Mahāyānist origination to emphasize the universalism and altruism of Mahāyāna over the narrower personal salvation of its rival. According to Mahāyāna teaching its own aim is universal Buddhahood, which means the utmost development of wisdom and the perfect transformation of all the living in the future state; it declares that Hīnayāna, aiming at arhatship and pratyekabuddhahood, seeks the destruction of body and mind and extinction in nirvāṇa. For arhatship the 四諦Four Noble Truths are the foundation teaching, for pratyekabuddhahood the 十二因緣 twelve-nidānas, and these two are therefore sometimes styled the two vehicles 二乘. Tiantai sometimes calls them the (Hīnayāna) Tripiṭaka school. Three of the eighteen Hīnayāna schools were transported to China: 倶舍 (Abhidharma) Kośa; 成實 Satya-siddhi; and the school of Harivarman, the律 Vinaya school. These are described by Mahāyānists as the Buddha's adaptable way of meeting the questions and capacity of his hearers, though his own mind is spoken of as always being in the absolute Mahāyāna all-embracing realm. Such is the Mahāyāna view of Hīnayāna, and if the Vaipulya sūtras and special scriptures of their school, which are repudiated by Hīnayāna, are apocryphal, of which there seems no doubt, then Mahāyāna in condemning Hīnayāna must find other support for its claim to orthodoxy. The sūtras on which it chiefly relies, as regards the Buddha, have no authenticity; while those of Hīnayāna cannot be accepted as his veritable teaching in the absence of fundamental research. Hīnayāna is said to have first been divided into minority and majority sections immediately after the death of Śākyamuni, when the sthāvira, or older disciples, remained in what is spoken of as "the cave", some place at Rājagṛha, to settle the future of the order, and the general body of disciples remained outside; these two are the first 上坐部 and 大衆部 q. v. The first doctrinal division is reported to have taken place under the leadership of the monk 大天 Mahādeva (q.v.) a hundred years after the Buddha's nirvāṇa and during the reign of Aśoka; his reign, however, has been placed later than this by historians. Mahādeva's sect became the Mahāsāṅghikā, the other the Sthāvira. In time the two are said to have divided into eighteen, which with the two originals are the so-called "twenty sects" of Hīnayāna. Another division of four sects, referred to by Yijing, is that of the 大衆部 (Arya) Mahāsaṅghanikāya, 上座部 Āryasthavirāḥ, 根本說一切有部 Mūlasarvāstivādaḥ, and 正量部 Saṃmatīyāḥ. There is still another division of five sects, 五部律. For the eighteen Hīnayāna sects see 小乘十八部; small vehicle

尹宏

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

忠人

see styles
 tadahito
    ただひと
(given name) Tadahito

忠仁

see styles
 tadahito
    ただひと
(given name) Tadahito

忠博

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠原

see styles
 tadahara
    ただはら
(surname) Tadahara

忠大

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠宏

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠寛

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠寿

see styles
 tadahisa
    ただひさ
(given name) Tadahisa

忠尚

see styles
 tadahisa
    ただひさ
(given name) Tadahisa

忠広

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠廣

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

忠弘

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠彦

see styles
 tadahiko
    ただひこ
(male given name) Tadahiko

忠春

see styles
 tadaharu
    ただはる
(given name) Tadaharu

忠晴

see styles
 tadaharu
    ただはる
(given name) Tadaharu

忠洋

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠浩

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠煕

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(given name) Tadahiro

忠熈

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

忠秀

see styles
 tadahide
    ただひで
(given name) Tadahide

忠穂

see styles
 tadaho
    ただほ
(female given name) Tadaho

忠紘

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

忠陽

see styles
 tadaharu
    ただはる
(personal name) Tadaharu

忠鴻

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

惟晴

see styles
 tadaharu
    ただはる
(personal name) Tadaharu

惟浩

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

慕攞

see styles
mù luó luǒ
    mu4 luo2 luo3
mu lo lo
 bora
慕羅 mūla, root, fundamental, hence mūlagrantha, fundamental works, original texts; Mūla-sarvāstivādaḥ, the Hīnayāna school of that name.

數人


数人

see styles
shù rén
    shu4 ren2
shu jen
 shunin
數法人 Those of the Sarvāstivādāḥ school, cf. 薩, who held that all things are real; Sarvâstivāda school

有部

see styles
yǒu bù
    you3 bu4
yu pu
 aribe
    ありべ
(surname) Aribe
一切有部; 薩婆多 Sarvāstivāda; the school of the reality of all phenomena, one of the early Hīnayāna sects, said to have been formed, about 300 years after the Nirvāṇa, out of the Sthavira; later it subdivided into five, Dharmaguptāḥ, Mūlasarvāstivādāḥ, Kaśyapīyāḥ, Mahīśāsakāḥ, and the influential Vātsīputrīyāḥ. v. 一切有部. Its scriptures are known as the 有部律; 律書; 十誦律; 根本說一切有部毘那耶; (根本說一切有部尼陀那) 有部尼陀那; (根本說一切有部目得迦) 有部目得迦; 根本薩婆多部律攝 or 有部律攝, etc.

格大

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

格彦

see styles
 tadahiko
    ただひこ
(male given name) Tadahiko

決彦

see styles
 sadahiko
    さだひこ
(male given name) Sadahiko

法密

see styles
fǎ mì
    fa3 mi4
fa mi
 Hōmitsu
Dharmagupta, founder of the school of this name in Ceylon, one of the seven divisions of the Sarvāstivādaḥ.

淳彦

see styles
 tadahiko
    ただひこ
(male given name) Tadahiko

灘原

see styles
 nadahara
    なだはら
(surname) Nadahara

灘東

see styles
 nadahigashi
    なだひがし
(place-name) Nadahigashi

灘浜

see styles
 nadahama
    なだはま
(place-name, surname) Nadahama

灘濱

see styles
 nadahama
    なだはま
(surname) Nadahama

理浩

see styles
 tadahiro
    ただひろ
(personal name) Tadahiro

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.

12345>

This page contains 100 results for "Adah" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

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No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

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