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Unyielding in Chinese / Japanese...

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Indomitable / Unyielding

China bù qū bù náo
Japan fukutsu futou
Indomitable / Unyielding

不屈不撓 means "Indomitable" or "Unyielding."

This is a long word by Chinese standards. At least, it is often translated as a single word into English. It's actually a proverb in Chinese.

If you want to break it down, you can see that the first and third characters are the same. Both meaning "not" (they work as a suffix to make a negative or opposite meaning to whatever character follows).

The second character means "bendable."

The last means "scratched" or "bothered."

So this really means "Won't be bent, can't be bothered." I have also seen it written as "Will not crouch, will not submit." This comes from the fact that the second character can mean, "to crouch" and the last can mean "to submit" (as in "to give in" such as "submitting to the rule of someone else"). This may explain better why these four characters mean "indomitable."

Some will translate this as "indomitable spirit"; however, technically, there is no character to suggest the idea of "spirit" in this word.
The first two characters can be a stand-alone word in Chinese.
In Japanese, this is considered to be two words (with very similar meanings).
The same characters are used in Korean, but the 2nd and 4th characters are swapped to create a word pronounced "불요불굴" in Korean.
Just let me know if you want the Korean version, which will also make sense in Japanese, and though not as natural, will also make sense in Chinese as well.

See Also:  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Undaunted

Indomitable / Persistence / Fortitude

China bù qū
Japan fukutsu
Indomitable / Persistence / Fortitude

不屈 is the short form of a longer Chinese word, and also a word used in Korean and Japanese to express the idea of being indomitable. It literally means, "will not bend," "will not crouch," "will not yield," "will not flinch," or "will not submit."

Note: Some will translate this as "indomitable spirit"; however, technically, there is no character to suggest the idea of "spirit" in this word.

See Also:  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Undaunted

Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks

Persistence to overcome all challenges
China bǎi zhé bù náo
Japan hyaku setsu su tou
Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks

This Chinese proverb means "Be undaunted in the face of repeated setbacks." More directly-translated, it reads, "[Overcome] a hundred setbacks, without flinching." This is of Chinese origin but is commonly used in Japanese, and somewhat in Korean (same characters, different pronunciation).

This proverb comes from a long, and occasionally tragic story of a man that lived sometime around 25-220 AD. His name was Qiao Xuan and he never stooped to flattery but remained an upright person at all times. He fought to expose corruption of higher-level government officials at great risk to himself.

Then when he was at a higher level in the Imperial Court, bandits were regularly capturing hostages and demanding ransoms. But when his own son was captured, he was so focused on his duty to the Emperor and common good that he sent a platoon of soldiers to raid the bandits' hideout, and stop them once and for all even at the risk of his own son's life. While all of the bandits were arrested in the raid, they killed Qiao Xuan's son at first sight of the raiding soldiers.

Near the end of his career a new Emperor came to power, and Qiao Xuan reported to him that one of his ministers was bullying the people and extorting money from them. The new Emperor refused to listen to Qiao Xuan and even promoted the corrupt Minister. Qiao Xuan was so disgusted that in protest he resigned his post as minister (something almost never done) and left for his home village.

His tombstone reads "Bai Zhe Bu Nao" which is now a proverb used in Chinese culture to describe a person of strength will who puts up stubborn resistance against great odds.

My Chinese-English dictionary defines these 4 characters as, "keep on fighting in spite of all setbacks," "be undaunted by repeated setbacks" and "be indomitable."

Our translator says it can mean, "never give up" in modern Chinese.

Although the first two characters are translated correctly as "repeated setbacks," the literal meaning is "100 setbacks" or "a rope that breaks 100 times." The last two characters can mean "do not yield" or "do not give up."
Most Chinese, Japanese, and Korean people will not take this absolutely literal meaning but will instead understand it as the title suggests above. If you want a single big word definition, it would be indefatigability, indomitableness, persistence, or unyielding.

See Also:  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Perseverance | Persistence

Not the results for unyielding that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your unyielding search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin qiáng / qiang2
Taiwan ch`iang / chiang
Japanese tsuyomi つよみ
 tsuyoshi つよし
 tsuyosaki つよさき
 tsuyoi つよい
 tsutomu つとむ
 susumu すすむ
 gouji / goji ごうじ
 gou / go ごう
 kowa こわ
 kyouji / kyoji きょうじ
 kyou / kyo きょう
Chinese to force; to compel; to strive; to make an effort; strong; powerful; better; slightly more than; vigorous; violent; best in their category, e.g. see 百強|百强[bai3 qiang2]; stubborn; unyielding; surname Qiang
Japanese (suffix noun) (1) a little over; a little more than; (2) powerhouse; one of the biggest; one of the most powerful; (personal name) Tsuyomi; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (surname) Tsuyosaki; (personal name) Tsuyoi; (male given name) Tsutomu; (given name) Susumu; (personal name) Gouji; (personal name) Gou; (surname) Kowa; (personal name) Kyouji; (given name) Kyou
Strong, forceful, violent; to force; to strengthen.
More info / calligraphy:
Strong / Powerful / Force


see styles
Mandarin bù qū / bu4 qu1
Taiwan pu ch`ü / pu chü
Japanese fukutsu ふくつ
Chinese unyielding; unbending
Japanese (n,adj-no,adj-na) persistence; fortitude; indomitability



see styles
Mandarin yìng qì / ying4 qi4
Taiwan ying ch`i / ying chi
Chinese firm; unyielding; strong-willed
More info / calligraphy:
Strong Willed



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Mandarin gǔ qì / gu3 qi4
Taiwan ku ch`i / ku chi
Chinese unyielding character; courageous spirit; integrity; moral backbone
More info / calligraphy:
Courageous Spirit



see styles
Mandarin bù qū bù náo / bu4 qu1 bu4 nao2
Taiwan pu ch`ü pu nao / pu chü pu nao
Japanese fukutsufutou / fukutsufuto ふくつふとう
Chinese unyielding; indomitable
Japanese (yoji) indefatigability; indomitableness; with unremitting tenacity
More info / calligraphy:
Indomitable / Unyielding



see styles
Mandarin jiān zhēn bù yú / jian1 zhen1 bu4 yu2
Taiwan chien chen pu yü
Chinese unyielding integrity (idiom); unwavering
More info / calligraphy:
Unwavering Integrity



see styles
Mandarin jiān rèn bù bá / jian1 ren4 bu4 ba2
Taiwan chien jen pu pa
Chinese firm and indomitable (idiom); tenacious and unyielding
More info / calligraphy:


see styles
Japanese makejidamashii / makejidamashi まけじだましい
Japanese unyielding spirit; indomitable spirit
More info / calligraphy:
Indomitable Spirit

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Mandarin jiān / jian1
Taiwan chien
Japanese tsuyoshi つよし
 takeshi たけし
 seiji / seji せいじ
 jiin / jin じぇん
 kensou / kenso けんそう
 kenji けんじ
 kenshou / kensho けんしょう
 ken けん
 katsushi かつし
 katashi かたし
 kata かた
Chinese strong; solid; firm; unyielding; resolute
Japanese (1) (obscure) strength; solidity; firmness; (2) (obscure) armour; armor; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (given name) Takeshi; (personal name) Seiji; (personal name) Jen; (personal name) Kensou; (personal name) Kenji; (personal name) Kenshou; (given name) Ken; (male given name) Katsushi; (surname) Kata
dṛḍha. sthira : firm, firmly fixed, reliable; hard

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Mandarin ào / ao4
Taiwan ao
Chinese proud; arrogant; to despise; unyielding; to defy
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Mandarin jiǎo / jiao3
Taiwan chiao
Chinese to raise; to lift; to pretend; counterfeit; unyielding; variant of 矯|矫[jiao3]; to correct

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see styles
Mandarin gěng / geng3
Taiwan keng
Chinese blunt; fish bones; unyielding

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Mandarin gěng / geng3
Taiwan keng
Chinese blunt; fish bones; unyielding

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Mandarin kàng zhí / kang4 zhi2
Taiwan k`ang chih / kang chih
Chinese upright and unyielding (literary)

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Japanese kengou / kengo けんごう
Japanese (obscure) firm and unyielding; rigid

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Mandarin qiáng yìng / qiang2 ying4
Taiwan ch`iang ying / chiang ying
Japanese kyoukou / kyoko きょうこう
Chinese tough; unyielding; hard-line
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) firm; vigorous; unbending; unyielding; strong; stubborn

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Mandarin ào gǔ / ao4 gu3
Taiwan ao ku
Chinese lofty and unyielding character

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Mandarin gāng qiáng / gang1 qiang2
Taiwan kang ch`iang / kang chiang
Japanese tsuyotake つよたけ
Chinese firm; unyielding
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) strength; firmness; (personal name) Tsuyotake
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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see styles
Mandarin gāng liè / gang1 lie4
Taiwan kang lieh
Chinese resolute and upright in character; unyielding; staunch

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Japanese kachiki かちき
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) determined spirit; unyielding spirit; will

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Mandarin kàng zhí / kang4 zhi2
Taiwan k`ang chih / kang chih
Chinese unyielding

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Mandarin yìng hàn / ying4 han4
Taiwan ying han
Chinese man of steel; unyielding, tough guy

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Mandarin xuè xìng / xue4 xing4
Taiwan hsüeh hsing
Chinese brave; staunch; unyielding

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Japanese kachiki かちき
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) determined spirit; unyielding spirit; will

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Mandarin jiā chī nà / jia1 chi1 na4
Taiwan chia ch`ih na / chia chih na
Japanese kachina
kaṭhina, 迦提; 羯絺那 hard, inflexible, unyielding; a robe of merit; (Skt. kaṭhina)

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see styles
Japanese kikanki きかんき
Japanese (adj-na,n,adj-no) daring; unyielding

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Japanese shibutoi しぶとい
Japanese (adjective) tenacious; tough; enduring; dogged; headstrong; stubborn; obstinate; unyielding

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Mandarin jiān rú pán shí / jian1 ru2 pan2 shi2
Taiwan chien ju p`an shih / chien ju pan shih
Chinese solid as a boulder (idiom); absolutely secure; rock-firm and unyielding

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Mandarin jiān qiáng bù qū / jian1 qiang2 bu4 qu1
Taiwan chien ch`iang pu ch`ü / chien chiang pu chü
Chinese staunch and unyielding (idiom); steadfast

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Mandarin qiáng yìng tài dù / qiang2 ying4 tai4 du4
Taiwan ch`iang ying t`ai tu / chiang ying tai tu
Chinese unyielding attitude

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Search for Unyielding in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
fukutsu futou
fukutsu futo
bù qū bù náo
bu4 qu1 bu4 nao2
bu qu bu nao
pu ch`ü pu nao
pu chü pu nao
不屈fukutsubù qū / bu4 qu1 / bu qu / buqu pu ch`ü / puchü / pu chü
Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks 百折不撓
hyaku setsu su tou
hyaku setsu su to
bǎi zhé bù náo
bai3 zhe2 bu4 nao2
bai zhe bu nao
pai che pu nao
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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