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Under World in Chinese / Japanese...

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One Family Under Heaven

China tiān xià yī jiā
Japan tenka ikka
One Family Under Heaven Vertical Wall Scroll

This proverb can also be translated as "The whole world is one family."

It is used to mean that all humans are related under heaven.

The first two characters can be translated as "the world," "whole country," "descended from heaven," "earth under heaven," "the public" or "the ruling power."

The second two characters can mean "one family," "a household," "one's folks," "a house" or "a home." Usually this is read as "a family."

Note: This proverb can be understood in Japanese, though not commonly used.

Mark the boat to find the lost sword
Ignoring the changing circumstances of the world

China kè zhōu qiú jiàn
Japan kokushuukyuuken
Mark the boat to find the lost sword / Ignoring the changing circumstances of the world Vertical Wall Scroll

This originally-Chinese proverb is a warning to people that things are always in a state of change. Thus, you must take that into account, and not depend on the old ways, or a way that may have worked in the past but is no longer valid.

This idiom/proverb comes from the following story:
A man was traveling in a ferry boat across a river. With him, he carried a valuable and treasured sword. Along the way, the man became overwhelmed and intoxicated by the beautiful view, and accidentally dropped his prized sword into the river. Thinking quickly, he pulled out a knife, and marked on the rail of the boat where exactly he has lost his sword.

When the boat arrived on the other side of the river, the man jumped out of the boat and searched for his sword right under where he'd made the mark. Of course, the boat had moved a great distance since he made the mark, and thus, he could not find the sword.

While this man may seem foolhardy, we have to take a great lesson from this parable: Circumstances change, so one should use methods that can handle the change. In modern China, this is used in business to mean that one should not depend on old business models for a changing market.

This proverb dates back to the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC) of the territory now known as China. It has spread and is somewhat known in Japan and Korea.

Purified Spirit / Enlightened Attitude

A Japanese martial arts title/concept
China xǐ xīn
Japan sen shin
Purified Spirit / Enlightened Attitude Vertical Wall Scroll

The first Kanji alone means to wash, to bathe, primness, cleanse or purify.

The second Kanji means heart, mind, soul, or essence.

Together, these two Kanji create a word that is defined as "purified spirit" or "enlightened attitude" within the context of Japanese martial arts.

洗心 is one of the five spirits of the warrior (budo), and is often used as a Japanese martial arts tenet. Under that context it's often defined this way: A spirit that protects and harmonizes the universe. Senshin is a spirit of compassion that embraces and serves all humanity and whose function is to reconcile discord in the world. It holds all life to be sacred. It is the Buddha mind.

This title will only be familiar to Japanese who practice certain martial arts. Others may not recognize this word at all.

洗心 does not show up as a word in too many Chinese dictionaries but it can be read and has the same meaning in Chinese.

先心 There is an issue with the first character. The original, and probably most correct version is shown above. However, many dojo documents and other sources have used a more simple first character. Arguments ensue about which version is correct. If you want to be correct in the Japanese language, use the "Select and Customize" button above. If you want to match the Kanji used by your dojo, click the Kanji shown to the right. There is a slightly different meaning with this first character which means before, ahead, previous, future, precedence.

Not the results for under world that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your under world search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ fo2
Taiwan fo
Japanese hotoke / ほとけ    butsusaki / ぶつさき
Purified Spirit / Enlightened Attitude Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Buddha; Buddhism
Japanese (surname) Hotoke; (surname) Butsusaki
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.


see styles
Mandarin tiān xià / tian1 xia4
Taiwan t`ien hsia / tien hsia
Japanese tenka(p);tenga;tenge / てんか(P);てんが;てんげ
Chinese land under heaven; the whole world; the whole of China; realm; rule
Japanese (1) the whole world; (2) the whole country; (3) society; the public; (4) supremacy over a nation; government of a country; the ruling power; (5) having one's own way; doing as one pleases; (can be adjective with の) (6) peerless; incomparable; superlative; world-famous; (7) (archaism) shogun (Edo period); (given name) Tenka; (place-name) Amori; (surname) Amashita
the world; the world



see styles
Mandarin hǎi nèi / hai3 nei4
Taiwan hai nei
Chinese the whole world; throughout the land; everything under the sun



see styles
Mandarin wǔ lèi tiān / wu3 lei4 tian1
Taiwan wu lei t`ien / wu lei tien
Japanese gorui ten
The five kinds of devas: (1) 上界天 in the upper realms of form and non-form; (2) 虛空天 in the sky, i. e. four of the six devas of the desire-realm; (3) 地居天 on the earth, i. e. the other two of the six devas, on Sumeru; (4) 遊虛天空 wandering devas of the sky, e. g. sun, moon, starvas, (5) 地下天 under-world devas, e. g. nāgas, asuras, māras, etc. Of. 五大明王; five kinds of celestials



see styles
Mandarin sì shèng xíng / si4 sheng4 xing2
Taiwan ssu sheng hsing
Japanese shi shōgyō
The four holy ways— wearing rags from dust-heaps, begging for food, sitting under trees, and entire withdrawal from the world. The meaning is similar in 四良藥; 行四依; and 四聖種; four holy actions


see styles
Mandarin tiān tái zōng / tian1 tai2 zong1
Taiwan t`ien t`ai tsung / tien tai tsung
Japanese tendaishuu / tendaishu / てんだいしゅう
Chinese Tiantai school of Buddhism
Japanese Tendai sect (of Buddhism); (personal name) Tendaishuu
The Tiantai, or Tendai, sect founded by 智顗 Zhiyi. It bases its tenets on the Lotus Sutra 法華經 with the 智度論, 涅盤經, and 大品經; it maintains the identity of the Absolute and the world of phenomena, and attempts to unlock the secrets of all phenomena by means of meditation. It flourished during the Tang dynasty. Under the Sung, when the school was decadent, arose 四明 Ciming, under whom there came the division of 山家 Hill or Tiantai School and 山外 the School outside, the latter following 悟恩 Wuen and in time dying out; the former, a more profound school, adhered to Ciming; it was from this school that the Tiantai doctrine spread to Japan. The three principal works of the Tiantai founder are called 天台三部, i. e. 玄義 exposition of the deeper meaning of the Lotus; 文句 exposition of its text; and 止觀 meditation; the last was directive and practical; it was in the line of Bodhidharma, stressing the 'inner light'; Tiantai zong


see styles
Mandarin tiān dǐ xia / tian1 di3 xia5
Taiwan t`ien ti hsia / tien ti hsia
Chinese in this world; under the sun



see styles
Mandarin pí lán fēng / pi2 lan2 feng1
Taiwan p`i lan feng / pi lan feng
Japanese biran pū
vairambha. The great wind which finally scatters the universe; the circle of wind under the circle of water on which the world rests. Also 毘藍 (毘藍婆) (鞞藍 or 鞞藍婆) (吠藍 or 吠藍婆); 鞞嵐; 吠嵐婆 (or 吠嵐儈伽); 毘樓那; and 毘藍婆 which is also Pralambā, one of the rākṣasīs.


see styles
Japanese fugutaiten / ふぐたいてん Japanese (yoji) cannot allow (oneself) to live (with someone) under the canopy of heaven; cannot allow (the sworn enemy) to live in this world; irreconcilable (enemy)



see styles
Mandarin wǔ zhòng fǎ shēn / wu3 zhong4 fa3 shen1
Taiwan wu chung fa shen
Japanese goshu hosshin
The five kinds of a Buddha's dharmakāya. There are four groups. I. (1) 如如智法身 the spiritual body of bhūtatathatā-wisdom; (2) 功德法身 of all virtuous achievement; (3) 自法身 of incarnation in the world; (4) 變化法身 of unlimited powers of transformation; (5) 虛空法身 of unlimited space; the first and second are defined as saṃbhogakāya, the third and fourth as nirmāṇakāya, and the fifth as the dharmakāya, but all are included under dharmakāya as it possesses all the others. II. The esoteric cult uses the first four and adds as fifth 法界身 indicating the universe as pan-Buddha. III. Huayan gives (1) 法性生身 the body or person of Buddha born from the dharma-nature. (2) 功德生身 the dharmakāya evolved by Buddha virtue, or achievement; (3) 變化法身 the dharmakāya with unlimited powers of transformation; (4) 實相法身 the real dharmakāya; (5) 虛 空法身 the universal dharmakāya. IV. Hīnayāna defines them as 五分法身 q. v; five kinds of dharma-body


see styles
Japanese hakkouichiu / hakkoichiu / はっこういちう Japanese (exp,n) (yoji) (WWII political slogan often seen as implying Japanese world domination) universal brotherhood; all eight corners of the world under one roof



see styles
Mandarin qiān bǎi yì shēn / qian1 bai3 yi4 shen1
Taiwan ch`ien pai i shen / chien pai i shen
Japanese senhyakuoku shin
The Buddha Locana seated on a lotus of a thousand petals, each containing myriads of worlds in each world is, Śākyamuni seated under a bodhi tree, all such worlds attaining bodhi at the same instant; trillion bodies



see styles
Mandarin hǎi kuò tiān kōng / hai3 kuo4 tian1 kong1
Taiwan hai k`uo t`ien k`ung / hai kuo tien kung
Chinese wide sea and sky (idiom); boundless open vistas; the whole wide world; chatting about everything under the sun

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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
One Family Under Heaven天下一家tenka ikka / tenkaikka / tenka ika / tenkaikatiān xià yī jiā
tian1 xia4 yi1 jia1
tian xia yi jia
t`ien hsia i chia
tien hsia i chia
Mark the boat to find the lost sword
Ignoring the changing circumstances of the world
kè zhōu qiú jiàn
ke4 zhou1 qiu2 jian4
ke zhou qiu jian
k`o chou ch`iu chien
ko chou chiu chien
Purified Spirit
Enlightened Attitude
sen shin / senshinxǐ xīn / xi3 xin1 / xi xin / xixinhsi hsin / hsihsin
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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Some people may refer to this entry as Under World Kanji, Under World Characters, Under World in Mandarin Chinese, Under World Characters, Under World in Chinese Writing, Under World in Japanese Writing, Under World in Asian Writing, Under World Ideograms, Chinese Under World symbols, Under World Hieroglyphics, Under World Glyphs, Under World in Chinese Letters, Under World Hanzi, Under World in Japanese Kanji, Under World Pictograms, Under World in the Chinese Written-Language, or Under World in the Japanese Written-Language.

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