All custom calligraphy items are made-to-order in our little Beijing artwork-mounting workshop.

Not what you want?

...Or search again using:
1. Other similar-meaning words.
2. Fewer words or just one word.

Stubborn in Chinese / Japanese...

Buy a Stubborn calligraphy wall scroll here!

Start your custom "Stubborn" project by clicking the button next to your favorite "Stubborn" title below...

Quick links to words on this page...

  1. Relentless / Stubborn
  2. Persistence
  3. Tenacious / Tenacity
  4. Perseverance
  5. Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude
  6. Strong / Powerful / Force
  7. Strong Willed
  8. Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks

Relentless / Stubborn

China zhí niù
Japan shitsu you
ribbon top
Relentless / Stubborn

This means relentless or stubborn in Chinese, Japanese Kanji and old Korean Hanja. It can also be translated as: willful; pigheaded; persistent; obstinate; tenacious; insistent; importunate; persevering.

This is a rather negative word. It's really inappropriate for a wall scroll, so please don't order this unless you really want to shock Asian people who see it.


China gù zhí
Japan koshuu
ribbon top

Can also mean "opinionated" or "stubborn", in Chinese and Japanese, but in the nicest way possible (still bad). This just means "stubborn" in Korean (not a good scroll if your audience is Korean, in fact, we don't recommend this word at all). There are better ways to express this idea, such as tenacious or perseverance... ...see links below...

See Also...  Tenacious | Fortitude | Perseverance

Tenacious / Tenacity

China wán qiáng
Japan gan kyou
ribbon top
Tenacious / Tenacity

These two characters together mean "Tenacious", "Hard to Defeat", or "Dogged".

Alone, the first character means mischievous, obstinate or stubborn. But it loses some of the mischievous meaning when the second character is added.

The second character means strength, force, powerful or better.

See Also...  Determination | Dedication | Devotion | Never Give Up


China jiān rèn bù bá
ribbon top

Perseverance is being steadfast and persistent. You commit to your goals and overcome obstacles, no matter how long it takes. When you persevere, you don't give keep going. Like a strong ship in a storm, you don't become battered or blown off course. You just ride the waves.

The translation of this proverb literally means, "something so persistent or steadfast, that it is not uprootable / movable / surpassable".

See Also...  Tenacious | Devotion | Persistence | Indomitable


(2 characters)
China jiān rèn
ribbon top

This is a simpler version that just holds the meaning of "fortitude", "steadfast" and "persistent".


(single character)
Japan see note
ribbon top

This is the simplest way to express perseverance in Chinese and Korean Hanja.
This single-character version leaves a bit of mystery about what kind of perseverance you might want to convey.

In Korean, this is usually associated with "strength of character".

In Japanese, this character can be pronounced about a dozen different ways (so we have left out the Japanese pronunciation guide that normally appears above). In Japanese this Kanji would usually be translated "strong" (perhaps strong-willed).

See Also...  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Undaunted

Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude

China jiān rěn bù bá
Japan kenninfubatsu
ribbon top
Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude

This means determined, steadfast, unswerving, or unshakable in Japanese.

This is the Japanese version of an old Chinese 4-character perseverance proverb.
This would be understood in Chinese but it's not commonly written this way in Chinese.

忍Note that when writing this as Kanji, Japanese calligraphers sometimes write the second Kanji in the form shown to the right. Yes, it's just one stroke that is slightly different in location, crossing another stroke in this alternate Japanese Kanji form. If you have a preference, let us know when you order.

Due to some odd computer coding conventions, these two character forms were combined/merged into the same code point - thus you will not see Kanji images of more Japanese form as you select options for your scroll.

Strong / Powerful / Force

China qiáng
Japan kyou
ribbon top
Strong / Powerful / Force

This "strong" character means strength, force, powerful, better, stubborn, and stiff (yes, all of this in one character). This "strong" has less to do with physical strength and more to do with having a winning attitude, or just having the ability to win at something.

Note that most of the time, this character is pronounced "qiang", but when used with the meaning of stubborn, unyielding, or stiff, it is pronounced "jiang" in Chinese.

Also, sometimes "qiang" is used in modern Chinese to describe people that do crazy things (Example: Bicycling from Beijing to Tibet alone). I sometimes can be found outside my Beijing apartment wearing nothing but shorts and a tee-shirt while eating an ice cream during a snow storm, just to hear my neighbors call me "qiang". Maybe they mean "strong" but perhaps they are using the new meaning of "crazy strong".

Also a Korean Hanja with same meaning, but mostly used in compound words.

This is used in Japanese (though normally in compound words). In Japanese, it has the same meaning, but in some context can mean "a little more than..." or "a little over [some amount]". Most Japanese would read this as tough, strength, stiff, hard, inflexible, obstinate, or stubborn.

Strong Willed

China yìng qì
ribbon top
Strong Willed

This means firm, unyielding, or strong-willed in Chinese.

If you take pride in being strong-willed, or a bit stubborn, this could be the title for you.

Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks

Persistence to overcome all challenges
China bǎi zhé bù náo
Japan hyaku setsu su tou
ribbon top
Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks

This Chinese proverb means "Be undaunted in the face of repeated setbacks". More directly-translated, it reads, "[Overcome] a hundred setbacks, without flinching". This is of Chinese origin, but is commonly used in Japanese, and somewhat in Korean (same characters, different pronunciation).

This proverb comes from a long, and occasionally tragic story of a man that lived sometime around 25-220 AD. His name was Qiao Xuan and he never stooped to flattery, but remained an upright person at all times. He fought to expose corruption of higher-level government officials at great risk to himself.

Then when he was at a higher level in the Imperial Court, bandits were regularly capturing hostages and demanding ransoms. But when his own son was captured, he was so focused on his duty to the Emperor and common good that he sent a platoon of soldiers to raid the bandits' hideout, and stop them once and for all even at the risk of his own son's life. While all of the bandits were arrested in the raid, they killed Qiao Xuan's son at first sight of the raiding soldiers.

Near the end of his career a new Emperor came to power, and Qiao Xuan reported to him that one of his ministers was bullying the people and extorting money from them. The new Emperor refused to listen to Qiao Xuan and even promoted the corrupt Minister. Qiao Xuan was so disgusted that in protest he resigned his post as minister (something almost never done) and left for his home village.

His tombstone reads "Bai Zhe Bu Nao" which is now a proverb used in Chinese culture to describe a person of strength will who puts up stubborn resistance against great odds.

My Chinese-English dictionary defines these 4 characters as, "keep on fighting in spite of all setbacks", "be undaunted by repeated setbacks" and "be indomitable".

Our translator says it can mean, "never give up" in modern Chinese.

Although the first two characters are translated correctly as "repeated setbacks", the literal meaning is "100 setbacks" or "a rope that breaks 100 times". The last two characters can mean "do not yield" or "do not give up".
Most Chinese, Japanese, and Korean people will not take this absolutely literal meaning, but will instead understand it as the title suggests above. If you want a single big word definition, it would be indefatigability, indomitableness, persistence, or unyielding.

See Also...  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Perseverance | Persistence

Check dictionary for stubborn
A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

If your search is not successful, just post your request on our forum, and we'll be happy to do research or translation for any reasonable request.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

Abundance and Prosperity
Beauty of Spirit
Brother Love
Eternal Love
Five Elements
Goju Ryu Karate Do
Grace from Heaven
Honor Loyalty
Indomitable Spirit
Japanese Bright Future
Mono No Aware
Never Give Up
Strength Courage
Strength from Within
Zen Circle

With so many searches, we had to upgrade to our own Linux server.
Of course, only one in 500 searches results in a purchase - Hey buy a wall scroll!!!

See: Our list of specifically Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls. And, check out Our list of specifically old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

The following table is only helpful for those studying Chinese (or Japanese), and perhaps helps search engines to find this page when someone enters Romanized Chinese or Japanese

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Relentless / Stubborn 執拗
shitsu you / shitsuyou / shitsu yo / shitsuyozhí niù / zhi2 niu4 / zhi niu / zhiniu chih niu / chihniu
Persistence 固執
koshuu / koshugù zhí / gu4 zhi2 / gu zhi / guzhi ku chih / kuchih
Tenacious / Tenacity 頑強
gan kyou / gankyou / gan kyo / gankyowán qiáng
wan2 qiang2
wan qiang
wan ch`iang
wan chiang
Perseverance 堅韌不拔
jiān rèn bù bá
jian1 ren4 bu4 ba2
jian ren bu ba
chien jen pu pa
Perseverance 堅韌
jiān rèn / jian1 ren4 / jian ren / jianren chien jen / chienjen
Perseverance see note / seenote / se note / senoteyì / yi4 / yi i
Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude 堅忍不抜 / 堅忍不拔
kenninfubatsujiān rěn bù bá
jian1 ren3 bu4 ba2
jian ren bu ba
chien jen pu pa
Strong / Powerful / Force
kyou / kyoqiáng / qiang2 / qiang ch`iang / chiang
Strong Willed 硬氣
yìng qì / ying4 qi4 / ying qi / yingqi ying ch`i / yingchi / ying chi
Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks 百折不撓
hyaku setsu su tou
hyaku setsu su to
bǎi zhé bù náo
bai3 zhe2 bu4 nao2
bai zhe bu nao
pai che pu nao

In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line. In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Some people may refer to this entry as Stubborn Kanji, Stubborn Characters, Stubborn in Mandarin Chinese, Stubborn Characters, Stubborn in Chinese Writing, Stubborn in Japanese Writing, Stubborn in Asian Writing, Stubborn Ideograms, Chinese Stubborn symbols, Stubborn Hieroglyphics, Stubborn Glyphs, Stubborn in Chinese Letters, Stubborn Hanzi, Stubborn in Japanese Kanji, Stubborn Pictograms, Stubborn in the Chinese Written-Language, or Stubborn in the Japanese Written-Language.

Did you like this? Share it:

Share via email with a friend

This page of stubborn Chinese calligraphy dictionary search results was generated in 0.1133 seconds.