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Seven Heavenly Virtues in Chinese / Japanese...

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Quick links to words on this page...

  1. Seven Heavenly Virtues
  2. Chastity
  3. Moderation
  4. Prudence / Considerate
  5. Temperance
  6. Charity
  7. Faith / Trusting in the Unseen
  8. Perseverance / Fortitude
  9. Hope
10. Justice / Righteousness


Seven Heavenly Virtues

China xìn yǎng xī wàng cí shàn jiān rěn zhèng yì shèn zhòng jié zhì
Japan shinkou kibou jizen kennin seigi shinchou sessei
Seven Heavenly Virtues

This is a list in Chinese and Japanese Kanji of an interpretation of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.

1. Faith is belief in God, and the right virtues.
2. Hope is taking a positive future view that good will prevail.
3. Charity is concern for, and active helping of, others.
4. Fortitude is never giving up.
5. Justice is being fair and equitable with others.
6. Prudence is care of and moderation with money.
7. Temperance is moderation of needed things and abstinence from things which are not needed.

The full list is here. This is a word list, not a common phrase. While all Chinese and Japanese people will recognize the words in the list, they may not understand what the list is about (unless they are familiar with the Seven Heavenly Virtues).


Don't get this as a tattoo or anything like that without first consulting a native translator in the target language. These are fine for a wall scroll but a long discussion is needed before you commit to this for a lifetime inking commitment.

Chastity

China zhēn jié
Japan teiketsu / teketsu
Chastity

This Chinese and Japanese word is often used in variations of the Seven Heavenly Virtues to represent chastity.

Moderation

China jié zhì
Japan sessei
Moderation

Moderation is creating a healthy balance in your life between work and play, rest and exercise. You don't overdo or get swept away by the things you like. You use your self-discipline to take charge of your life and your time.

節制 can also be translated as sobriety, self-restraint, or temperance.

節制 is often used as part of the Seven Heavenly Virtues to represent sobriety and/or temperance.


See Also:  Prudence | Ethics | Humble | Humility

Prudence / Considerate

China shèn zhòng
Japan shin chou
Prudence / Considerate

慎重 conveys the idea of being considerate, having prudence, and being thoughtful when taking action.

慎重 can also mean cautious, careful, discreet, deliberate, or taking all things into consideration.

The general meaning is shared across languages. However, in Chinese, this is more about prudence, while in Japanese, this is more about being considerate.

Chinese Catholics use this word to represent "prudence" in the list of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.


慎慎 Note: Depending on your choice of Chinese or Japanese calligraphers, the first Kanji will vary slightly. It is technically the same character. Japanese tend to leave a space between the upper and lower portions of this particular Kanji. See sample images to the right.


See Also:  Moderation | Modesty | Chastity

Temperance

China jié zhì
Japan sessei
Temperance

In short, temperance is knowing when to say "when."

Temperance is the practice of moderation and restraint (in fact, this Asian word is often translated as moderation or restraint).

It was one of the five tenets held to be vital to society in Hellenic culture. It is also one of the Four Cardinal Virtues considered central to Christian behavior by the Catholic Church.


Note: Also considered to be one of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.

Charity

China cí shàn
Japan jizen
Charity

There are a few different words used to express charity in Chinese characters, Japanese Kanji and old Korean Hanja but this is the most common. Some of the other words describe acts such as "giving alms" etc.


Note: Also considered to be one of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.

If you need a different meaning, just post your request on our Asian calligraphy forum.

Note: Sometimes this is translated as benevolence or benevolent.


See Also:  Benevolence | Altruism

Faith / Trusting in the Unseen

China xìn niàn
Japan shinnen
Faith / Trusting in the Unseen

信念 express the idea of "having a belief," or "trusting in the unseen."

信念 could also be translated as beliefs or convictions.


Note: Also considered to be one of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.


See Also:  Devotion | Dedication | Trust

Perseverance / Fortitude

China jiǎn rěn
Japan ken nin
Perseverance / Fortitude

The first character means "strong," "solid," "firm," "unyielding" or "resolute."
The second character means "to beat," "to endure," or "to tolerate."
Together they speak of the strength from within yourself. Some may also translate this as "long-suffering" in a more Biblical sense.

堅忍 is a common term in Chinese and Korean Hanja but a little less commonly used in modern Japanese Kanji. For that reason, this selection is best if your audience is Chinese or Korean.


忍忍 Note that when writing this as Kanji, Japanese will tend to write the second Kanji a little differently. If you select our Japanese master calligrapher, please expect the form where the little horizontal stroke crosses the vertical stroke. See differences in the images to the right. Technically, they are both the same character, and will be read the same in either language.

Hope

China xī wàng
Japan ki bou
Hope

Besides "to hope" this also means "to wish for" or "to desire." It can also mean expectation or aspiration depending on context.


Note: Also considered to be one of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.


See Also:  Faith | Desire

Justice / Righteousness

China zhèng yì
Japan sei gi
Justice / Righteousness

Practicing justice and righteousness is being fair. It is solving problems so everyone wins. You don't prejudge. You see people as individuals. You don't accept it when someone acts like a bully, cheats or lies. Being a champion for justice takes courage. Sometimes when you stand for justice, you stand alone.


Note: This is also considered to be one of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.

Search for Seven Heavenly Virtues in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Seven Heavenly Virtues信仰希望慈善堅忍正義慎重節制
信仰希望慈善坚忍正义慎重节制
shinkou kibou jizen kennin seigi shinchou sessei
shinko kibo jizen kennin seigi shincho sesei
shinkokibojizenkenninseigishinchosesei
xìn yǎng xī wàng cí shàn jiān rěn zhèng yì shèn zhòng jié zhì
xin4 yang3 xi1 wang4 ci2 shan4 jian1 ren3 zheng4 yi4 shen4 zhong4 jie2 zhi4
xin yang xi wang ci shan jian ren zheng yi shen zhong jie zhi
hsin yang hsi wang tz`u shan chien jen cheng i shen chung chieh chih
hsin yang hsi wang tzu shan chien jen cheng i shen chung chieh chih
Chastity貞潔
贞洁
teiketsu / teketsuzhēn jié / zhen1 jie2 / zhen jie / zhenjiechen chieh / chenchieh
Moderation節制
节制
sessei / seseijié zhì / jie2 zhi4 / jie zhi / jiezhichieh chih / chiehchih
Prudence
Considerate
慎重shin chou / shinchou / shin cho / shinchoshèn zhòng
shen4 zhong4
shen zhong
shenzhong
shen chung
shenchung
Temperance節制
节制
sessei / seseijié zhì / jie2 zhi4 / jie zhi / jiezhichieh chih / chiehchih
Charity慈善jizencí shàn / ci2 shan4 / ci shan / cishantz`u shan / tzushan / tzu shan
Faith
Trusting in the Unseen
信念shinnenxìn niàn / xin4 nian4 / xin nian / xinnianhsin nien / hsinnien
Perseverance
Fortitude
堅忍
坚忍
ken nin / kenninjiǎn rěn / jian3 ren3 / jian ren / jianrenchien jen / chienjen
Hope希望ki bou / kibou / ki bo / kiboxī wàng / xi1 wang4 / xi wang / xiwanghsi wang / hsiwang
Justice
Righteousness
正義
正义
sei gi / seigizhèng yì / zheng4 yi4 / zheng yi / zhengyicheng i / chengi
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

Animals
Archangel
Bamboo
Bellflower
Blessed by Heaven
Brother
Bushido
Carpe Diem
Crazy
Friends
Friendship
Harmony
Health
Immortal
Live for Today
Live in the Moment
Live the Moment
Long Life
Love
Mind Body Spirit
River
Sushi
Sword
Tiger

All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.


A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Seven Heavenly Virtues Kanji, Seven Heavenly Virtues Characters, Seven Heavenly Virtues in Mandarin Chinese, Seven Heavenly Virtues Characters, Seven Heavenly Virtues in Chinese Writing, Seven Heavenly Virtues in Japanese Writing, Seven Heavenly Virtues in Asian Writing, Seven Heavenly Virtues Ideograms, Chinese Seven Heavenly Virtues symbols, Seven Heavenly Virtues Hieroglyphics, Seven Heavenly Virtues Glyphs, Seven Heavenly Virtues in Chinese Letters, Seven Heavenly Virtues Hanzi, Seven Heavenly Virtues in Japanese Kanji, Seven Heavenly Virtues Pictograms, Seven Heavenly Virtues in the Chinese Written-Language, or Seven Heavenly Virtues in the Japanese Written-Language.