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Reason for Being in Chinese / Japanese...

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Wisdom

China zhì
Japan chi / tomo
Wisdom

智 is the simplest way to write wisdom in Chinese, Korean Hanja, and Japanese Kanji.
Being a single character, the wisdom meaning is open to interpretation, and can also mean intellect, knowledge or reason, resourcefulness, or wit.

智 is also one of the five tenets of Confucius.

智 is sometimes included in the Bushido code but usually not considered part of the seven key concepts of the code.


See our Wisdom in Chinese, Japanese and Korean page for more wisdom-related calligraphy.


See Also:  Learn From Wisdom | Confucius

Bravery / Courage

Courageous Energy
China yǒng qì
Japan yuuki
Bravery / Courage

There are several ways to express bravery and courage in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. This version is the most spiritual. 勇氣 is the essence of bravery from deep within your being. 勇氣 is the mental state of being brave versus actual brave behavior. You'd more likely use this to say, "He is very courageous," rather than "He fought courageously in the battle."

The first character also means bravery or courage when it's seen alone. With the second character added, an element of energy or spirit is added. The second character is the same "chi" or "qi" energy that Kung Fu masters focus when they strike. For this reason, you could say this means "spirit of courage" or "brave spirit."

勇氣 is certainly a stronger word than just the first character alone.

Beyond bravery or courage, dictionaries also translate this word as valor/valour, nerve, audacity, daring, pluck, plucky, gallantry, guts, gutsy and boldness.

勇氣 is also one of the 8 key concepts of tang soo do.


Japanese 気 While the version shown to the left is commonly used in Chinese and Korean Hanja (and ancient Japanese Kanji), please note that the second character is written with slightly fewer strokes in modern Japanese. If you want the modern Japanese version, please click on the character to the right. Both styles would be understood by native Chinese, Japanese, and many (but not all) Korean people. You should make your selection based on the intended audience for your calligraphy artwork. Or pick the single-character form of bravery/courage which is universal.

Better Late Than Never

It's Never Too Late Too Mend
China wáng yáng bǔ láo yóu wèi wéi wǎn
Better Late Than Never

Long ago in what is now China, there were many kingdoms throughout the land. This time period is known as "The Warring States Period" by historians because these kingdoms often did not get along with each other.

Some time around 279 B.C. the Kingdom of Chu was a large but not particularly powerful kingdom. Part of the reason it lacked power was the fact that the King was surrounded by "yes men" who told him only what he wanted to hear. Many of the King's court officials were corrupt and incompetent which did not help the situation.

The King was not blameless himself, as he started spending much of his time being entertained by his many concubines.

One of the King's ministers, Zhuang Xin, saw problems on the horizon for the Kingdom, and warned the King, "Your Majesty, you are surrounded by people who tell you what you want to hear. They tell you things to make you happy, and cause you to ignore important state affairs. If this is allowed to continue, the Kingdom of Chu will surely perish, and fall into ruins."

This enraged the King who scolded Zhuang Xin for insulting the country and accused him of trying to create resentment among the people. Zhuang Xin explained, "I dare not curse the Kingdom of Chu but I feel that we face great danger in the future because of the current situation." The King was simply not impressed with Zhuang Xin's words.
Seeing the King's displeasure with him and the King's fondness for his court of corrupt officials, Zhuang Xin asked permission of the King that he may take leave of the Kingdom of Chu, and travel to the State of Zhao to live. The King agreed, and Zhuang Xin left the Kingdom of Chu, perhaps forever.

Five months later, troops from the neighboring Kingdom of Qin invaded Chu, taking a huge tract of land. The King of Chu went into exile, and it appeared that soon, the Kingdom of Chu would no longer exist.

The King of Chu remembered the words of Zhuang Xin, and sent some of his men to find him. Immediately, Zhuang Xin returned to meet the King. The first question asked by the King was, "What can I do now?"

Zhuang Xin told the King this story:

A shepherd woke one morning to find a sheep missing. Looking at the pen saw a hole in the fence where a wolf had come through to steal one of his sheep. His friends told him that he had best fix the hole at once. But the Shepherd thought since the sheep is already gone, there is no use fixing the hole.
The next morning, another sheep was missing. And the Shepherd realized that he must mend the fence at once. Zhuang Xin then went on to make suggestions about what could be done to reclaim the land lost to the Kingdom of Qin, and reclaim the former glory and integrity in the Kingdom of Chu.

The Chinese idiom shown above came from this reply from Zhuang Xin to the King of Chu almost 2,300 years ago.
It translates roughly into English as...
"Even if you have lost some sheep, it's never too late to mend the fence."

This proverb is often used in modern China when suggesting in a hopeful way that someone change their ways, or fix something in their life. It might be used to suggest fixing a marriage, quit smoking, or getting back on track after taking an unfortunate path in life among other things one might fix in their life.

I suppose in the same way that we might say, "Today is the first day of the rest of your life" in our western cultures to suggest that you can always start anew.

Note: This does have Korean pronunciation but is not a well-known proverb in Korean (only Koreans familiar with ancient Chinese history would know it). Best if your audience is Chinese.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your reason for being search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin shàng / shang4
Taiwan shang
Japanese jou / jo / じょう    kami / かみ    uwa / うわ    ue / うえ
Chinese on top; upon; above; upper; previous; first (of multiple parts); to climb; to get onto; to go up; to attend (class or university); see 上聲|上声[shang3 sheng1]
Japanese (suffix noun) (1) from the standpoint of; as a matter of (e.g. fact); in the field of; being of the type of; (2) aboard (a ship or vehicle); on top of; on; above; (3) (See 下・げ・2,上巻) first volume (e.g. book); (n,pref) (4) superior quality; best; top; high class; (5) going up; (6) governmental; imperial; (7) presenting; showing; (prefix) (8) ana- (medical, biol.); (1) (ant: 下・しも・1) upper reaches (of a river); upper stream; (2) top; upper part; upper half (of the body); (3) long ago; (4) beginning; first; (5) (honorific or respectful language) (See 御上・1) person of high rank (e.g. the emperor); (6) government; imperial court; (7) (See 上方・かみがた) imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto); capital region (i.e. Kansai); region (or direction of) the imperial palace; (8) head (of a table); (9) (honorific or respectful language) wife; mistress (of a restaurant); (n,pref) upper; upward; outer; surface; top; (n,adj-no,n-adv,n-suf) (1) above; up; over; elder (e.g. daughter); (2) top; summit; (3) surface; on; (4) before; previous; (5) superiority; one's superior (i.e. one's elder); (6) on top of that; besides; what's more; (7) upon (further inspection, etc.); based on (and occurring after); (8) matters concerning...; as concerns ...; (9) (as ...上は) since (i.e. "for that reason"); (suffix noun) (10) (honorific or respectful language) (See 父上) suffix indicating higher social standing; (11) (archaism) place of one's superior (i.e. the throne); (12) (archaism) emperor; sovereign; shogun; daimyo; (13) (archaism) noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman); (surname) Noboru; (given name) Takashi; (given name) Susumu; (surname) Jouji; (surname) Jou; (surname) Sakigami; (surname) Kouzaki; (surname) Kou; (place-name) Kamura; (surname) Kamiyanagi; (place-name) Kamino; (place-name, surname) Kami; (place-name) Kano; (surname) Kado; (place-name) Uwa; (surname) Ue
uttarā 嗢呾羅; above upper, superior; on; former. To ascend, offer to a superior.

ので

see styles
Japanese node / ので Japanese (particle) that being the case; because of ...; the reason is ....; given that...

んで

see styles
Japanese nde / んで Japanese (particle) that being the case; because of ...; the reason is ....; given that...

事理

see styles
Mandarin shì lǐ / shi4 li3
Taiwan shih li
Japanese jiri / じり
Chinese reason; logic
Japanese reason; facts; propriety; sense
Practice and theory; phenomenon and noumenon, activity and principle, or the absolute; phenomena ever change, the underlying principle, being absolute, neither changes nor acts, it is the 眞如 q. v. also v. 理. For 事理法界 (事理無礙法界) v. 四法界.

程に

see styles
Japanese hodoni / ほどに Japanese (conjunction) (1) (kana only) (archaism) because; the reason being; (2) while; during; (adverb) (3) (See 程) to the extent that; more and more

曼荼羅


曼荼罗

see styles
Mandarin màn tú luō / man4 tu2 luo1
Taiwan man t`u lo / man tu lo
Japanese mandara / まんだら
Chinese mandala (loan, Buddhism)
Japanese mandala; Buddhist visual schema of the enlightened mind; (given name) Mandara
曼怛羅; 曼特羅; 曼陀羅; 曼拏羅; 蔓陀囉; 滿荼邏 maṇḍala, a circle, globe, wheel ring; "any circular figure or diagram" (M.W.); a magic circle; a plot or place of enlightenment; a round or square altar on which buddhas and bodhisattvas are placed; a group of such, especially the garbhadhātu and vajradhātu groups of the Shingon sect; these were arranged by Kōbō Daishi to express the mystic doctrine of the two dhātu by way of illustration, the garbhadhātu representing the 理 and the 因 principle and cause, the vajradhātu the 智 and the 果 intelligence (or reason) and the effect, i.e. the fundamental realm of being, and mind as inherent in it; v. 胎 and 金剛. The two realms are fundamentally one, as are the absolute and phenomenal, e.g. water and wave. There are many kinds of maṇḍalas, e.g. the group of the Lotus Sutra; of the 觀經; of the nine luminaries; of the Buddha's entering into nirvana, etc. The real purpose of a maṇḍala is to gather the spiritual powers together, in order to promote the operation of the dharma or law. The term is commonly applied to a magic circle, subdivided into circles or squares in which are painted Buddhist divinities and symbols. Maṇḍalas also reveal the direct retribution of each of the ten worlds of beings (purgatory, pretas, animals, asuras, men, devas, the heavens of form, formless heavens, bodhisattvas, and buddhas). Each world has its maṇḍala which represents the originating principle that brings it to completion. The maṇḍala of the tenth world indicates the fulfilment and completion of the nine worlds.

狡休み

see styles
Japanese zuruyasumi / ずるやすみ Japanese (noun/participle) playing hookey; being away from work without a good reason

金剛界


金刚界

see styles
Mandarin jīn gāng jiè / jin1 gang1 jie4
Taiwan chin kang chieh
Japanese kongoukai / kongokai / こんごうかい
Japanese (obscure) Vajradhatu; Diamond Realm
vajradhātu, 金界 The 'diamond', or vajra, element of the universe; it is the 智 wisdom of Vairocana in its indestructibility and activity; it arises from the garbhadhātu 胎藏界q.v., the womb or store of the Vairocana 理 reason or principles of such wisdom, v. 理智. The two, garbhadhātu and vajradhātu, are shown by the esoteric school, especially in the Japanese Shingon, in two maṇḍalas, i.e. groups or circles, representing in various portrayals the ideas arising from the two, fundamental concepts. vajradhātu is intp. as the 智 realm of intellection, and garbhadhātu as the 理 substance underlying it, or the matrix; the latter is the womb or fundamental reason of all things, and occupies the eastern position as 'cause' of the vajradhātu, which is on the west as the resultant intellectual or spiritual expression. But both are one as are Reason and Wisdom, and Vairocana (the illuminator, the 大日 great sun) presides over both, as source and supply. The vajradhātu represents the spiritual world of complete enlightenment, the esoteric dharmakāya doctrine as contrasted with the exoteric nirmāṇakāya doctrine. It is the sixth element 識 mind, and is symbolized by a triangle with the point downwards and by the full moon, which represents 智 wisdom or understanding; it corresponds to 果 fruit, or effect, garbhadhātu being 因 or cause. The 金剛王五部 or five divisions of the vajradhātu are represented by the Five dhyāni-buddhas, thus: centre 大日Vairocana; east 阿閦 Akṣobhya; south 寶生Ratnasambhava; west 阿彌陀 Amitābha; north 不 空 成就 Amoghasiddhi, or Śākyamuni. They are seated respectively on a lion, an elephant, a horse, a peacock, and a garuda. v. 五佛; also 胎; (Skt. vajradhātu)

ずる休み

see styles
Japanese zuruyasumi / ずるやすみ Japanese (noun/participle) playing hookey; being away from work without a good reason

ズル休み

see styles
Japanese zuruyasumi / ズルやすみ Japanese (noun/participle) playing hookey; being away from work without a good reason

十二因緣


十二因缘

see styles
Mandarin shí èr yīn yuán / shi2 er4 yin1 yuan2
Taiwan shih erh yin yüan
Japanese jūni innen
Dvādaśaṅga pratītyasamutpāda; the twelve nidānas; v. 尼 and 因; also 十二緣起; 因緣有支; 因緣率連; 因緣棘園; 因緣輪; 因緣重城; 因緣觀; 支佛觀. They are the twelve links in the chain of existence: (1) 無明avidyā, ignorance, or unenlightenment; (2) 行 saṃskāra, action, activity, conception, "dispositions," Keith; (3) 識 vijñāna, consciousness; (4) 名色 nāmarūpa, name and form; (5) 六入 ṣaḍāyatana, the six sense organs, i.e. eye, ear, nose, tongue, body, and mind; (6) 觸 sparśa, contact, touch; (7) 受 vedanā, sensation, feeling; (8) 愛 tṛṣṇā, thirst, desire, craving; (9) 取 upādāna, laying hold of, grasping; (10) 有 bhava, being, existing; (11) 生 jāti, birth; (12) 老死 jarāmaraṇa, old age, death. The "classical formula" reads "By reason of ignorance dispositions; by reason of dispositions consciousness", etc. A further application of the twelve nidānas is made in regard to their causaton of rebirth: (1) ignorance, as inherited passion from the beginningless past ; (2) karma, good and evil, of past lives; (3) conception as a form of perception; (4) nāmarūpa, or body and mind evolving (in the womb); (5) the six organs on the verge of birth; (6) childhood whose intelligence is limited to sparśa, contact or touch; (7) receptivity or budding intelligence and discrimination from 6 or 7 years; (8) thirst, desire, or love, age of puberty; (9) the urge of sensuous existence; (10) forming the substance, bhava, of future karma; (11) the completed karma ready for rebirth; (12) old age and death. The two first are associated with the previous life, the other ten with the present. The theory is equally applicable to all realms of reincarnation. The twelve links are also represented in a chart, at the centre of which are the serpent (anger), boar (ignorance, or stupidity), and dove (lust) representing the fundamental sins. Each catches the other by the tail, typifying the train of sins producing the wheel of life. In another circle the twelve links are represented as follows: (1) ignorance, a blind woman; (2) action, a potter at work, or man gathering fruit; (3) consciousness, a restless monkey; (4) name and form, a boat; (5) sense organs, a house; (6) contact, a man and woman sitting together; (7) sensation, a man pierced by an arrow; (8) desire, a man drinking wine; (9) craving, a couple in union; (10) existence through childbirth; (11) birth, a man carrying a corpse; (12) disease, old age, death, an old woman leaning on a stick. v. 十二因緣論 Pratītya-samutpāda śāstra.

存在理由

see styles
Japanese sonzairiyuu / sonzairiyu / そんざいりゆう Japanese (yoji) reason for being; raison d'être

道理至極

see styles
Japanese dourishigoku / dorishigoku / どうりしごく Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) (yoji) very reasonable; being perfectly consistent with reason; standing to reason

そんな訳で

see styles
Japanese sonnawakede / そんなわけで Japanese (expression) (kana only) therefore; for that reason; such being the case

然るが故に

see styles
Japanese shikarugayueni / しかるがゆえに Japanese (conjunction) as such; that being so; for that reason

しかるが故に

see styles
Japanese shikarugayueni / しかるがゆえに Japanese (conjunction) as such; that being so; for that reason

レゾンデートル

see styles
Japanese rezondeetoru / レゾンデートル Japanese raison d'etre (fre:); reason for living; reason for something being so

ので(P);んで

see styles
Japanese node(p);nde / ので(P);んで Japanese (particle) that being the case; because of ...; the reason is ....; given that...

レゾン・デートル

see styles
Japanese rezon deetoru / レゾン・デートル Japanese raison d'etre (fre:); reason for living; reason for something being so

レーゾンデートル

see styles
Japanese reezondeetoru / レーゾンデートル Japanese raison d'etre (fre:); reason for living; reason for something being so

レーゾン・デートル

see styles
Japanese reezon deetoru / レーゾン・デートル Japanese raison d'etre (fre:); reason for living; reason for something being so

然るが故に;しかるが故に

see styles
Japanese shikarugayueni / しかるがゆえに Japanese (conjunction) as such; that being so; for that reason

ズル休み;ずる休み;狡休み

see styles
Japanese zuruyasumi(zuru休mi);zuruyasumi(zuru休mi,狡休mi) / ズルやすみ(ズル休み);ずるやすみ(ずる休み,狡休み) Japanese (noun/participle) playing hookey; being away from work without a good reason

レーゾンデートル;レーゾン・デートル;レゾンデートル;レゾン・デートル

see styles
Japanese reezondeetoru;reezon deetoru;rezondeetoru;rezon deetoru / レーゾンデートル;レーゾン・デートル;レゾンデートル;レゾン・デートル Japanese raison d'être (fre:); reason for living; reason for something being so

Search for Reason for Being in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Wisdomchi / tomozhì / zhi4 / zhichih
Bravery
Courage
勇氣
勇气 / 勇気
yuuki / yukiyǒng qì / yong3 qi4 / yong qi / yongqiyung ch`i / yungchi / yung chi
Better Late Than Never亡羊補牢猶未為晚
亡羊补牢犹未为晚
wáng yáng bǔ láo yóu wèi wéi wǎn
wang2 yang2 bu3 lao2 you2 wei4 wei2 wan3
wang yang bu lao you wei wei wan
wang yang pu lao yu wei wei wan
wangyangpulaoyuweiweiwan
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

Aiki Jujutsu
Archangel
Aster
Berserk
Bushido
Christ
Create
Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
Dragon Soul
Energy
Enlighten
Enlightened
Enso
Faith in God
Family
Father
Fortune
House
Iaido
Jesus
Keep Fighting
Kung Fu
Love
Loyalty
Mind Body Soul Spirit
Mind Body Spirit
Mother
Music
Overcome
Peach
Pleasure
Rain
Rebirth
Right Intention
Rooster
Samurai
Strength
Strength of Spirit
Strong Heart
Sword
The Red String
The Way
The Way of the Warrior
Thunder Lightning in Kanji
Trust in God
Trust No Man
Victory
Wedding
White
Winter
Yin Yang

All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Reason for Being Kanji, Reason for Being Characters, Reason for Being in Mandarin Chinese, Reason for Being Characters, Reason for Being in Chinese Writing, Reason for Being in Japanese Writing, Reason for Being in Asian Writing, Reason for Being Ideograms, Chinese Reason for Being symbols, Reason for Being Hieroglyphics, Reason for Being Glyphs, Reason for Being in Chinese Letters, Reason for Being Hanzi, Reason for Being in Japanese Kanji, Reason for Being Pictograms, Reason for Being in the Chinese Written-Language, or Reason for Being in the Japanese Written-Language.