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王后 is another way to write queen in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.
王后 is sometimes used for the title of empress.
The first character means "king" and the second means "wife," or a short form to say "wife of the king / emperor." So this is literally, "king's wife" or "emperor's wife." Some will translate this as "queen consort."
皇后 is the title of empress or emperess, the female form of emperor. 皇后 is used in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.
While the emperor's reign was for life, if he died, his wife would hold his power. In this case, a woman was the ultimate ruler of the greater part of East Asia (what is now China) until her death and the succession of the emperor's first born son to lead the empire. Numerous times in various Chinese dynasties, an empress took power in this way.
The first character means emperor by itself.
The second character alone can mean "wife of an emperor or king" (the first character clarifies that we are talking about an empress, and not a queen). It can also mean sovereign or last offspring, depending on context.
Note: In some books, this word is translated as queen. While only incorrect if you get technical (because an empress is theoretically a higher level than a queen), the meaning is very similar.
皇后 is sometimes used for the title of queen but more technically, this is the wife of the emperor (a higher level than a queen).
From times of old, the emperors of Asia ruled under the authority of God himself. In fact, one definition of an emperor is a ruler put in power by God. This definition separates emperors from the various kings in Chinese history (although defining who is a king versus an emperor gets vague sometimes).
Occasionally, the emperor's wife was widowed, and she took the role of empress until her death (see our entry for empress if that is what you are looking for).
Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your queen empress search...
If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese
|Simple Dictionary Definition|
| huáng hòu / huang2 hou4
kougou / kogo こうごう
| empress; imperial consort
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (Japanese) empress; queen; (surname) Kougou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
More info / calligraphy:
| hòu / hou4
| empress; queen; surname Hou
(out-dated kanji) (suffix) after; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) empress; queen; (female given name) Kisaki
| fēi / fei1
| imperial concubine
princess; consort; empress; queen; (female given name) Hime; (given name) Hi; (surname, female given name) Kisaki; (female given name) Kikasa
An imperial concubine; as implying production, or giving birth, it is used by the esoteric cult for samaya and dhāraṇī; Queen or princess (Skt. rājñī)
| kouguu / kogu こうぐう
|| (1) empress's palace; queen's palace; (2) empress; queen
| tiān hòu / tian1 hou4
t`ien hou / tien hou
tenkou / tenko てんこう
| Tin Hau, Empress of Heaven, another name for the goddess Matsu 媽祖|妈祖[Ma1 zu3]; Tin Hau (Hong Kong area around the MTR station with same name)
queen of heaven
Queen of Heaven, v. 摩利支; Queen of Heaven
| tài hòu / tai4 hou4
t`ai hou / tai hou
taikou / taiko たいこう
| Empress Dowager
empress dowager; queen mother
| nǚ huáng / nu:3 huang2
jokou / joko じょこう
| niáng niang / niang2 niang5
| queen; empress; imperial concubine; Goddess, esp. Xi Wangmu 王母娘娘 or 西王母, Queen Mother of the West; mother; aunt
Niangniang (chi:); Chinese goddess
| kouhi / kohi こうひ
|| empress; queen
| koutaigou / kotaigo こうたいごう
koutaikou / kotaiko こうたいこう
| See: 皇太後
Queen Mother; Empress Dowager; (surname) Koutaigou
| lǎo fó yé / lao3 fo2 ye2
lao fo yeh
| title of respect for the queen mother or the emperor's father; nickname for Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后[Ci2 xi3 tai4 hou4]
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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji(Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|王后||ou kou / oukou / o ko / oko||wáng hòu / wang2 hou4 / wang hou / wanghou|
|Queen||女王||jo ou / joou / jo o / joo||nǚ wáng / nv3 wang2 / nv wang / nvwang||nü wang / nüwang|
|Empress||皇后||kou gou / kougou / ko go / kogo||huáng hòu
|Emperor||皇帝||koutei / kotei||huáng dì / huang2 di4 / huang di / huangdi||huang ti / huangti|
|Emperor||皇||kou / ko||huáng / huang2 / huang|
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Some people may refer to this entry as Queen Empress Kanji, Queen Empress Characters, Queen Empress in Mandarin Chinese, Queen Empress Characters, Queen Empress in Chinese Writing, Queen Empress in Japanese Writing, Queen Empress in Asian Writing, Queen Empress Ideograms, Chinese Queen Empress symbols, Queen Empress Hieroglyphics, Queen Empress Glyphs, Queen Empress in Chinese Letters, Queen Empress Hanzi, Queen Empress in Japanese Kanji, Queen Empress Pictograms, Queen Empress in the Chinese Written-Language, or Queen Empress in the Japanese Written-Language.