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1. Other similar-meaning words.
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Jia You in Chinese / Japanese...

Buy a Jia You calligraphy wall scroll here!

Start your custom "Jia You" project by clicking the button next to your favorite "Jia You" title below...


Sangha

China sēng qié
Japan sougya
knob
ribbon top
knob

In Buddhism, this term refers to a community of monks and/or nuns (one of the "Three Jewels"). In general terms, it can simply mean "all followers of the Buddha".

Notes: Though there are not vast numbers of Chinese Hindus, in the Hindu faith, this term means "community together".
The original Sanskrit word is also Romanized as samgha.
The first character means "monk". The second character means Buddha or Shakyamuni.
This is really a transliteration of the original Sanskrit, but it uses two very profound Chinese characters related to Buddhism.

Some may pronounce this as "seng qie" or "seng jia" in Mandarin (two possible pronunciations for second character). Note that "qie" would sound a bit like "chee-ah" using typical English pronunciation. Chinese Romanization is not actually designed to match English sounds.


僧僧Note that when writing this as Kanji, Japanese will tend to write the first character in the form shown to the right. If you select our Japanese master calligrapher, please expect this special Kanji form. However, it should also be noted that this is not a common term in Japanese (except by certain sects of Buddhism or perhaps devout Buddhists in Japan).

Push or Knock

To weigh one's words
China fǎn fù tuī qiāo
knob
ribbon top
knob

During the Tang Dynasty, a man named Jia Dao (born in the year 779), a well studied scholar and poet, went to the capital to take the imperial examination.

One day as he rides a donkey through the city streets, a poem begins to form in his mind. A portion of the poem comes into his head like this:

"The bird sits on the tree branch near a pond,
A monk approaches and knocks at the gate..."


At the same time, he wondered if the word "push" would be better than "knock" in his poem.

As he rides down the street, he imagines the monk pushing or knocking. Soon he finds himself making motions of pushing, and shaking a fist in a knocking motion as he debates which word to use. He is quite a sight as he makes his way down the street on his donkey with hands and fists flying about as the internal debate continues.

As he amuses people along the street, he becomes completely lost in his thoughts and does not see the mayor's procession coming in the opposite direction. Jia Bao is blocking the way for the procession to continue down the road, and the mayor's guards immediately decide to remove Jia Bao by force. Jia Bao, not realizing that he was in the way, apologizes, explains his poetic dilemma, and awaits his punishment for blocking the mayor's way.

The mayor, Han Yu, a scholar and author of prose himself, finds himself intrigued by Jia Dao's poem and problem. Han Yu gets off his horse, and addresses Jia Bao, stating, "I think knock is better". The relieved Jia Bao raises his head, and is invited by the mayor to join the procession, and are seen riding off together down the street exchanging their ideas and love of poetry.

In modern Chinese, this idiom is used when someone is trying to decide which word to use in their writing or when struggling to decide between two things when neither seems to have a downside.




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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.

A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The scroll that I am holding in this picture is a "medium size"
4-character wall scroll.
As you can see, it is a great size to hang on your wall.
(We also offer custom wall scrolls in larger sizes)

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.


A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.




If your search is not successful, just post your request on our forum, and we'll be happy to do research or translation for any reasonable request.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

A Vast Sky Full of Stars
Aiki
Aikido
Alan
Alone
Angels
Autumn
Balance
Balanced Life
Bamboo
Be Happy
Be True to Yourself
Beautiful
Beautiful Princess
Beautiful Woman
Beauty
Belierve in Yourself
Believe
Benevolence
Best Love
Bird
Black
Black Belt
Bless and Protect
Blossom
Blue
Bright
Bright Future
Buddha
Buddhist
Bushi
Bushido
Butterfly
Cause and Effect
Cherry Blossom
Children
Christian
Christianity
Circle
Color
Confidence
Confucius
Courage
Create
Crouching Tiger
Curtis
Dance
Daughter
Dave
Discipline
Double Happiness
Dragon
Dragon and Phoenix
Dragon Lady
Dragon Phoenix
Dragon Tiger Spirit
Dream
Dream Big
Drink
Earth
Eight
Elaine
Emperor
Endure
Energy
Equilibrium
Eternal Life
Faith
Family
Fire
Fish
Flower
Flowers
Flying
Flying Tigers
Forever
Forever in My Heart
Fortune
Four
Four Noble Truths
Free Spirit
Freedom
Friend
Friends
Friends Forever
Friendship
General
Ghost
Girl
Glory and Honor
God is Always With You
God is Love
Goddess
Gold
Gold Fish
Golden
Good
Good Fortune
Good Health
Good Luck
Grace
Grace from Heaven
Great
Great Ambitions
Guan Gong
Happiness
Happy
Happy Birthday
Harmony
Heart Soul
Home
Honor
Hope
Horse
House
I Am Enough
I Love You
I Need You
Jane
Josh
Joshua
Koi Fish
Light
Liu Bei
Live for the Moment
Live for Today
Live Laugh Love
Live Life
Live Love Die
Longevity
Lotus
Lotus Sutra
Love
Love Always
Love for A Child
Love for Humanity
Love of My Life
Love You Forever
Luck
Marriage
Metal
Miss You
Moon
Mountain
Musashi
Olivia
One Life One Chance
Pain
Passion
Peace
Peaceful
People
Perserverance
Pleasure
Plum
Power
Pursuit of Happiness
Randy
Ronald
Serenity Prayer
Sexy
Shine
Sincerity and Devotion
Soldier of God
Song
Spirit Mind
Spirit of the Tiger
Spring
Strong Powerful
Sunlight
Sword
Tae Kwon Do
The Saint
Thought
Three
Thunder
Tiger Spirit
Tigers
Today
Toku
Tranquility
Tree
Trust
Trust No Man
Trust No One
Twilight
Vermillion Dragon
Virtue
Warrior Essence
Water
Wedding
White
White Crane
Will
Wind
Wisdom from Hard Knocks
Woman
Work
Year of the Dragon
Yellow Dragon
Yin Yang
Zen Circle
Zhong Kui

With so many searches, we had to upgrade to our own Linux server.
Of course, only one in 500 searches results in a purchase - Hey buy a wall scroll!!!



See: Our list of specifically Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls. And, check out Our list of specifically old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

The following table is only helpful for those studying Chinese (or Japanese), and perhaps helps search engines to find this page when someone enters Romanized Chinese or Japanese

Title
Characters 
Simplified
Traditional
Japanese Romaji
(Romanized Japanese)
Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sangha僧伽
僧伽
sougya
sogya
sēng qié
seng qie
seng ch`ieh
seng1 qie2
sengqie
sengchieh
seng chieh
Push or Knock反复推敲
反復推敲
n/afǎn fù tuī qiāo
fan fu tui qiao
fan fu t`ui ch`iao
fan3 fu4 tui1 qiao1
fanfutuiqiao
fanfutuichiao
fan fu tui chiao

If you have not set up your computer to display Chinese, the characters in this table probably look like empty boxes or random text garbage.
This is why I spent hundreds of hours making images so that you could view the characters in the "jia you" listings above.
If you want your Windows computer to be able to display Chinese characters you can either head to your Regional and Language options in your Win XP control panel, select the [Languages] tab and click on [Install files for East Asian Languages]. This task will ask for your Win XP CD to complete in most cases. If you don't have your Windows XP CD, or are running Windows 98, you can also download/run the simplified Chinese font package installer from Microsoft which works independently with Win 98, ME, 2000, and XP. It's a 2.5MB download, so if you are on dial up, start the download and go make a sandwich.

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