For the best possible display, this portrait should be professionally framed.
A frame is not included with this artwork!
Artwork Panel: 33.5cm x 33.5cm ≈ 13¼" x 13¼"
Silk/Brocade Border: 43.5cm x 43.5cm ≈ 17" x 17"Information about how this Asian painting is mounted
The title of this painting is simply "Chang Cheng" which means "Great Wall".
The Great Wall is one of the greatest epic construction projects in Chinese history as well as the world.
The Great Wall stretches some 6,350 kilometers (about 4000 miles) across various parts of Northern China. But it's not just one wall, the Great Wall is actually many walls that are somewhat strung together (though much of the Great Wall isn't connected at all).
These are the only facts about the Great Wall that is not in dispute.
Archeologists and historians often argue about the following facts, but this is what I have found in my own research...
Originally, work on first sections of wall started in the 7th century B.C. During the Zhou Dynasty leading up to the Warring States period. During this period of history, China was far from unified, and none of the states trusted any of the other states, and therefore built walls to protect from attack.
Later, sometime after 221 B.C., the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty decided that after his great feat of unifying China for the first time, he ought to connect all of the walls together. The idea was to protect the northern border of the kingdom from attack and harassment from the Xiongnu tribe that didn't particularly like their new and powerful southern neighbors.
The struggle continued into the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. - 220 A.D.). After major battles in 127 B.C. and chasing their enemies into the Gobi Desert, Emperor Wu ordered a wall be built to keep the enemies of the Han Dynasty at bay.
Construction of various walls continued for another thousand years during several dynasties.
Just after 1210, the Mongols (remember Genghis Khan?) were taunted by a corrupt northern Chinese ruler who told the Mongols that they would need to submit to his rule. The Mongols were understandably put off by this, and promptly invaded and eventually took over almost all of what is now China. At that time, the Great Wall was in various conditions of decay, and provided little defense when the Mongols advanced.
In turn, the Chinese (Han) people were not really happy about being occupied by the Mongols, mostly because they felt that the Mongols smelled bad, had no manners, and acted like barbarians (no, I didn't just make that up).
Finally, the Chinese chased out the smelly Mongolians (although to this day, Chinese do not use deodorant, so the pot seems to be calling the kettle "black" here).
In 1368, hoping that the Mongols would never regroup and return to China, Emperor Tai Zu of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644 A.D.) ordered the largest construction project in history. The whole concept of "brick and mortar" was the new advanced technology of the time. The Chinese used this technology to build a wall that has stood the test of time for more than 630 years. If you go to China today, most of the Great Wall that you will see is from this period. Previous walls have either decayed to dust, or the new wall was built on top of the old.
Sadly, the wall was never put to the test, as the Manchurians, much as the Mongols before them conquered China by exploiting the weaknesses of corrupt officials and rampant poverty rather than any weakness in the Great Wall.
During Manchurian rule (known as the Qing Dynasty 1616 - 1911 A.D.) the wall was all but forgotten. The Republic of China was established in 1912, but soon found itself in a war with Japan, and after WWII, plunged into civil war with the Communists. When Chairman Mao took power, he shunned all things of tradition, history, and culture in China. This included the Great Wall, some of which was demolished for spite. Of course, ancient city walls, Buddhist and Taoism temples, and even the Forbidden City were razed, burned, or destroyed under his orders.
It's really been in more recent times that the Great Wall has found it's calling as a tourist attraction. No longer seen as "an embarrassing old relic" as it was during the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese people can now celebrate the marvel of the largest manmade object on earth.
Oh, and It might just be an urban legend, but many believe The Great Wall is the only manmade object on earth that is was visible in 1969 by American astronauts as they returned from the moon.
This was painted by Zi Shi of Beijing China. The season and place are noted in the Chinese script along with the year painted as well as the artist's signature and stamp.
The style and media of this painted is detailed freehand watercolor and special black Chinese ink on xuan paper (rice paper) and mounted with a traditional silk border.
This item was listed or modified
Jun 9th, 2011
Gary's random little things about China:
Everyone is going to hate me for this, but here is the truth:
Some people who currently prefer to call themselves "Asian-Americans" woke up one morning and decided that "Oriental" is now a word to be used only for Oriental rugs, Oriental art and lamps, or any other inanimate object from Eastern Asia.
When I was teaching English in China, many of my students would refer to themselves as "Oriental", and I would correct them and say, It's better to say that you are Asian or Chinese rather than Oriental, but I was at a loss as to explain why.
My Chinese students were very smart, and came back at me with the fact that being from Asia was too broad a term, and asked if Persians and Saudi Arabians should also refer to themselves as "Asian".
I then had to make excuses for my geographically-challenged fellow Americans* who had long ago replaced the correct term of "Oriental" (meaning the bio-geographic region including southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as the Philippines, Borneo and Java), and replaced it with "Asian" which in truth encompasses half the world's population - many of whom do not consider themselves to be of the same race as those from the Orient.
(For those Americans reading this and who've slept through their high school geography class: It's true, the whole Middle East, and half of Russia are located in the Asian continent)
But I admit I am not helping the problem. You see, almost half the people that find our website did so while searching for "Asian art" and I have done a lot to promote our business as "Purveyors of Asian art". So you can blame me too.
To truly be an Asian art gallery, we would have to offer artwork from beyond the Orient, from places like India, Persia (Iran), most Arab nations, and Russia.
There are a lot of things that present problems in the English language.
Usually these problems are thanks to mistakes of the past.
That's why we have to say, "He's an Indian from India" versus "He's a Native-American Indian" (Thanks to Mr. Columbus).
Things to learn:
Do not refer to a Persian (Iranian) as Arab.
If you refer to an Arab-American as being Asian, they will look at you funny and possibly be offended.
If you refer to a person from India as Asian, you will mildly amuse them.
If you refer to a Russian as being Asian, they will pour borsch on you (my ex-wife is Russian, so I know this to be true from experience).
Using "Asian" to refer to a person from Singapore is okay, but they will later, as if by accident, mention that they are in fact from the most civilized country in Asia.
*We citizens of the USA call ourselves "Americans" which seems a bit arrogant to our neighbors who reside on the continents of North and South America. Keep in mind, Canadians and Mexicans are also from North America, but refer to themselves in more correct geographic terms.