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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ fo2
Taiwan fo
Japanese hotoke / ほとけ    butsusaki / ぶつさき
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Buddha; Buddhism
Japanese (surname) Hotoke; (surname) Butsusaki
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.

see styles
Mandarin/ mu4
Taiwan mu
Japanese moku / もく
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese tree; wood; coffin; wooden; simple; numb; one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]; surname Mu
Japanese (1) (abbreviation) (See 木曜) Thursday; (2) (See 五行・1) wood (first of the five elements); (female given name) Moku; (given name) Bokukei; (female given name) Baumu; (surname) Tagaki; (personal name) Sunao; (personal name) Kimoto; (personal name) Kitsugi; (personal name) Kitsuki; (surname) Kidaka; (personal name) Kisuki; (surname) Ki
Wood; a tree; kāṣṭha, a piece of wood, wood, timber.

see styles
Mandarin sōng / song1
Taiwan sung
Japanese matsu(p);matsu / まつ(P);マツ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese pine; CL:棵[ke1]; surname Song
Japanese (1) pine tree (Pinus spp.); (2) (See 梅・うめ・2,竹・たけ・2) highest (of a three-tier ranking system); (personal name) Yoshiaki; (surname) Matsuyanagi; (personal name) Matsumune; (personal name) Matsumine; (surname) Matsutaka; (personal name) Matsusue; (surname) Matsuzaki; (surname) Matsusaki; (surname, female given name) Matsu; (personal name) Shousuke; (personal name) Katsumasa; (personal name) Katsuhisa; (personal name) Katsuhata; (personal name) Katsunuma; (personal name) Katsusuke; (personal name) Katsushiro; (personal name) Katsuaki

see styles
Mandarin zhēn / zhen1
Taiwan chen
Japanese hari;hagi / はり;はぎ    hashibami;hashibami / はしばみ;ハシバミ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese hazel tree; Corylus heterophylla
Japanese (archaism) (See 榛の木) Japanese alder (Alnus japonica); (kana only) Asian hazel (Corylus heterophylla var. thunbergii); Siberian hazel; (surname) Hashibami

see styles
Mandarin huà / hua4
Taiwan hua
Japanese kanba / かんば    kaba / かば
Chinese birch tree; Betula japonica
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (kana only) birch (esp. Japanese white birch); (surname) Kanba; (surname) Kaba

see styles
Mandarin chéng / cheng2
Taiwan ch`eng / cheng
Japanese daidai;daidai / だいだい;ダイダイ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese orange tree; orange (color)
Japanese bitter orange (Citrus aurantium); (female given name) Chen; (surname) Daidai; (surname) Kabuchi

see styles
Mandarin yīng / ying1
Taiwan ying
Japanese takazakura / たかざくら    sakurazaki / さくらざき    sakura / さくら
Chinese cherry
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) cherry tree; cherry blossom; (2) decoy; fake buyer; shill; (3) hired applauder; (4) (colloquialism) horse meat; (surname) Takazakura; (surname) Sakurazaki; (surname, female given name) Sakura

see styles
Mandarin què // qiāo / que4 // qiao1
Taiwan ch`üeh // ch`iao / chüeh // chiao
Japanese suzume(p);suzume / すずめ(P);スズメ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese small bird; sparrow; also pr. [qiao3]; a freckle; lentigo
Japanese (1) tree sparrow (Passer montanus); (2) talkative person; knowledgeable person; (surname) Chie; (surname, female given name) Suzume; (surname) Jaku; (surname) Sasagi; (surname) Sasaki
a sparrow

see styles
Mandarin guǐ / gui3
Taiwan kuei
Japanese oni(p);ki / おに(P);き
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese ghost; demon; terrible; damnable; clever; sly; crafty; (suffix for sb with a certain vice or addiction etc); one of the 28 constellations
Japanese (1) oni; ogre; demon; (2) (See 亡魂) spirit of a deceased person; (3) (おに only) ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.); (4) (おに only) (See 鬼ごっこ・おにごっこ) it (in a game of tag, hide-and-seek, etc.); (5) (き only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (prefix) (6) (おに only) (slang) (See 超・1) very; extremely; super-; (surname) Miniwa; (surname) Kisaragi; (surname) Oniyanagi; (personal name) Onikatsu; (surname) Oni
preta 薜荔多, departed, dead; a disembodied spirit, dead person, ghost; a demon, evil being; especially a 餓鬼 hungry ghost. They are of many kinds. The Fan-i ming i classifies them as poor, medium, and rich; each again thrice subdivided: (1) (a) with mouths like burning torches; (b) throats no bigger than needles; (c) vile breath, disgusting to themselves; (2) (a) needle-haired, self-piercing; (b) hair sharp and stinking; (c) having great wens on whose pus they must feed. (3) (a) living on the remains of sacrifices; (b) on leavings in general; (c) powerful ones, yakṣas, rākṣasas, piśācas, etc. All belong to the realm of Yama, whence they are sent everywhere, consequently are ubiquitous in every house, lane, market, mound, stream, tree, etc.



see styles
Mandarin yī lán / yi1 lan2
Taiwan i lan
Japanese iran;iran / いらん;イラン
Japanese (kana only) castor oil plant (Ricinus communis); (f,p) Iran
airāvaṇa, erāvaṇa, 伊羅 and other forms, v. supra; name of a tree with beautiful flowers of nauseous scent which spreads its odour for 40 li; typifying 煩惱 the passions and delusions; (Skt. airāvaṇa)


see styles
Mandarin lín qín / lin2 qin2
Taiwan lin ch`in / lin chin
Japanese ringo / りんご
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Chinese pearleaf crabapple (Malus asiatica)
Japanese (1) (kana only) apple (fruit); (2) (kana only) apple tree (Malus pumila); (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) (kana only) apple (fruit); (2) (kana only) apple tree (Malus pumila); (surname, female given name) Ringo


see styles
Mandarin gǒu qǐ / gou3 qi3
Taiwan kou ch`i / kou chi
Japanese kuko;kuko / くこ;クコ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese wolfberry (Lycium chinense); genus Lycium
Japanese (kana only) Chinese matrimony vine (Lycium chinense); Chinese wolfberry; goji; (surname) Kuko
a kind of tree; a kind of tree



see styles
Mandarin shù yìn / shu4 yin4
Taiwan shu yin
Japanese juin / じゅいん    kokage / こかげ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese shade of a tree
Japanese shade of tree; bower



see styles
Mandarin cāng lóng / cang1 long2
Taiwan ts`ang lung / tsang lung
Japanese souryuu / soryu / そうりゅう
Chinese Blue Dragon, other name of the Azure Dragon 青龍|青龙 (the seven mansions of the east sky)
Japanese (1) blue dragon; (2) Azure Dragon (god said to rule over the eastern heavens); (3) (astron) seven mansions (Chinese constellations) of the eastern heavens; (4) large horse with a bluish-leaden coat; (5) shape of an old pine tree; (given name) Souryuu



see styles
Mandarin dào chǎng / dao4 chang3
Taiwan tao ch`ang / tao chang
Japanese doujou / dojo / どうじょう
Chinese Taoist or Buddhist rite; abbr. for 菩提道場|菩提道场[Pu2 ti2 dao4 chang3]
Japanese (1) dojo (hall used for martial arts training); (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 菩提道場) manda (place of Buddhist practice or meditation, esp. the place under the bodhi tree where Buddha attained enlightenment); (surname) Michiba; (place-name, surname) Douba; (place-name, surname) Doujou; (surname) Touba
Truth-plot. bodhimaṇḍala, circle, or place of enlightenment. The place where Buddha attained enlightenment. A place, or method, for attaining to Buddha-truth. An object of or place for religious offerings. A place for teaching, learning, or practising religion; site of enlightenment



see styles
Mandarin pú tí shù / pu2 ti2 shu4
Taiwan p`u t`i shu / pu ti shu
Japanese bodaiju;bodaiju / ぼだいじゅ;ボダイジュ
Chinese pipal tree (Ficus religiosa); bo fig tree; Bodhi tree (sacred to Buddhism and Hinduism)
Japanese (1) Tilia miqueliana (species of linden tree); (2) (See 印度菩提樹・いんどぼだいじゅ) sacred fig (Ficus religiosa); bodhi tree; bo tree; peepal tree; pipal tre; (given name) Bodaiju
bodhidruma, bodhitaru, bodhivṛkṣa; the wisdom-tree, i.e. that under which Śākyamuni attained his enlightenment, and became Buddha. The Ficus religiosa is the pippala, or aśvattha, wrongly identified by Faxian as the palm-tree; it is described as an evergreen, to have been 400 feet high, been cut down several times, but in the Tang dynasty still to be 40 or 50 feet high. A branch of it is said to have been sent by Aśoka to Ceylon, from which sprang the celebrated Bo-tree still flourishing there; bodhi-tree



see styles
Mandarin shì jiā móu ní / shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2
Taiwan shih chia mou ni
Japanese Shakamuni
Chinese Siddhartha Gautama (563-485 BC), the historical Buddha and founder of Buddhism; Sakyamuni Buddha (Sanskrit: sage of the Sakya)
釋迦文 (釋迦文尼); 釋伽文 Śākyamuni, the saint of the Śākya tribe. muni is saint, holy man, sage, ascetic monk; it is: intp. as 仁 benevolent, charitable, kind, also as 寂默 one who dwells in seclusion. After '500 or 550' previous incarnations, Śākyamuni finally attained to the state of Bodhisattva, was born in the Tuṣita heaven, and descended as a white elephant, through her right side, into the womb of the immaculate Māyā, the purest woman on earth; this was on the 8th day of the 4th month; next year on the 8th day of the 2nd month he was born from her right side painlessly as she stood under a tree in the Lumbinī garden. For the subsequent miraculous events v. Eitel. also the 神通遊戲經 (Lalitavistara), the 釋迦如來成道記, etc. Simpler statements say that he was born the son of Śuddhodana, of the kṣatriya caste, ruler of Kapilavastu, and Māyā his wife; that Māyā died seven days later, leaving him to be brought up by her sister Prājapati; that in due course he was married to Yaśodharā who bore him a son, Rāhula; that in search of truth he left home, became an ascetic, severely disciplined himself, and finally at 35 years of age, under a tree, realized that the way of release from the chain of rebirth and death lay not in asceticism but in moral purity; this he explained first in his four dogmas, v. 四諦 and eightfold noble way 八正道, later amplified and developed in many sermons. He founded his community on the basis of poverty, chastity, and insight or meditation, ad it became known as Buddhism, as he became known as Buddha, the enlightened. His death was probably in or near 487 B.C., a few years before that of Confucius in 479. The sacerdotal name of his family is Gautama, said to be the original name of the whole clan, Śākya being that of his branch, v. 瞿, 喬.; his personal name was Siddhārtha, or Sarvārthasiddha, v. 悉.

see styles
Mandarin gàn / gan4
Taiwan kan
Japanese miki(p);kan / みき(P);かん
Chinese tree trunk; main part of something; to manage; to work; to do; capable; cadre; to kill (slang); to fuck (vulgar)
Japanese (tree) trunk; (arrow) shaft; (tool) handle; backbone; base; (given name) Motoki; (given name) Motoi; (female given name) Moto; (given name) Mikio; (surname, female given name) Miki; (personal name) Masa; (given name) Teikan; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (given name) Tsukasa; (personal name) Kanji; (surname, given name) Kan; (personal name) Ikuhiro

see styles
Mandarin zhū / zhu1
Taiwan chu
Japanese shu / しゅ    kabuta / かぶた    kabu / かぶ
Chinese tree trunk; stump (tree root); a plant; classifier for trees or plants; strain (biology); to involve others (in shady business)
Japanese (1) stump; (suf,ctr) (2) counter for trees; (1) (archaism) (See 株・かぶ・2) stump; (2) (archaism) useless item; (n,ctr) (1) stock; share; (2) (orig. meaning) stump; (n,ctr) (3) root; rootstock; (4) strain (of bacteria, etc.); (n,n-suf) (5) tradeable rank; goodwill; (6) (See お株) one's forte; (personal name) Miki; (surname) Kabu

see styles
Mandarin kǎo / kao3
Taiwan k`ao / kao
Japanese taku / たく    tae / たえ
Chinese chinquapin (Castanopsis fargesii and other spp.), genus of evergreen trees
Japanese (archaism) (See 楮) paper mulberry; (archaism) cloth (esp. cloth made from fibers of the paper mulberry tree)

see styles
Mandarin tóng / tong2
Taiwan t`ung / tung
Japanese kiri / きり
Chinese tree name (variously Paulownia, Firmiana or Aleurites)
Japanese paulownia tree; Paulownia tomentosa; (surname, female given name) Hisa; (personal name) Dou; (surname) Tou; (surname) Kiritaka; (surname) Kirisaki; (surname, female given name) Kiri

see styles
Mandarin sāng / sang1
Taiwan sang
Japanese kuwa / くわ
Chinese mulberry tree; surname Sang
Japanese mulberry (tree); (surname) Kuwa

see styles
Mandarin huái / huai2
Taiwan huai
Japanese enju;enju / えんじゅ;エンジュ
Chinese Chinese scholar tree (Sophora japonica); Japanese pagoda tree
Japanese (kana only) Japanese pagoda tree (Sophora japonica); (surname) Saikachi; (given name) Kai; (surname, female given name) Enju; (surname) Enji; (surname) Ebisu

see styles
Mandarin guī / gui1
Taiwan kuei
Japanese tsuki / つき    takaki / たかき    keyaki / けやき    keaki / けあき
Chinese zelkova tree
Japanese (kana only) Japanese zelkova (species of elm-like tree, Zelkowa serrata); (surname, given name) Tsuki; (surname) Takaki; (surname) Keyaki; (female given name) Keaki

see styles
Mandarin shù / shu4
Taiwan shu
Japanese mitsuru / みつる    namiki / なみき    tatsuru / たつる    tatsuki / たつき    tatsu / たつ    tachiki / たちき    takashi / たかし    juri / じゅり    ju / じゅ    shigeru / しげる    satsuki / さつき    ueki / うえき    ue / うえ    itsuki / いつき
Chinese tree; CL:棵[ke1]; to cultivate; to set up
Japanese (1) tree; shrub; bush; (2) wood; timber; (personal name) Mitsuru; (female given name) Miki; (female given name) Namiki; (given name) Tatsuru; (female given name) Tatsuki; (surname) Tatsu; (female given name) Tachiki; (given name) Takashi; (personal name) Juri; (surname) Ju; (given name) Shigeru; (female given name) Satsuki; (surname) Ki; (surname) Ueki; (surname) Ue; (surname, female given name) Itsuki
vṛkṣa, a tree; to stand, erect, establish.

see styles
Mandarin/ lu2
Taiwan lu
Japanese haze / はぜ    haji / はじ    hashi / はし
Chinese capital (of column); smoke tree
Japanese (kana only) wax tree (species of sumac, Rhus succedanea); (surname) Haze; (surname) Haji; (surname) Hashi



see styles
Mandarin qiáo mù / qiao2 mu4
Taiwan ch`iao mu / chiao mu
Japanese kyouboku / kyoboku / きょうぼく
Chinese tree, esp. with recognizable trunk (as opposed to 灌木[guan4 mu4], bush or shrub)
Japanese tall tree; forest tree; arbor; arbour; (place-name, surname) Takagi; (given name) Takaki


see styles
Mandarin yuè guì / yue4 gui4
Taiwan yüeh kuei
Japanese gekkei / gekke / げっけい
Chinese laurel (Laurus nobilis); bay tree; bay leaf
Japanese (1) (abbreviation) (See 月桂樹) bay laurel (Laurus nobilis); bay tree; sweet bay; laurel tree; (2) moon; moonlight; (3) (orig. meaning) katsura tree on the moon (in Chinese legends)


see styles
Mandarin mù mián / mu4 mian2
Taiwan mu mien
Japanese kiwata / きわた
Chinese cotton tree (Bombax ceiba)
Japanese (1) cotton (material); (2) (kana only) red silk-cotton tree (Bombax ceiba)
(Skt. śālmali)


see styles
Mandarin dù zhòng / du4 zhong4
Taiwan tu chung
Japanese tochuu;tochuu / tochu;tochu / とちゅう;トチュウ
Chinese eucommia (a kind of rubber tree)
Japanese (kana only) (See トチュウ科) hardy rubber tree (near-threatened species often used in Chinese medicine, Eucommia ulmoides)



see styles
Mandarin sōng shù / song1 shu4
Taiwan sung shu
Japanese shouju / shoju / しょうじゅ
Chinese pine; pine tree; CL:棵[ke1]
Japanese (obscure) pine tree; (surname, given name) Matsuki; (given name) Shouju


see styles
Mandarin lín mù / lin2 mu4
Taiwan lin mu
Japanese rinboku / りんぼく
Chinese forest; forest tree
Japanese forest tree; (given name) Rinboku; (surname) Ringi; (surname) Hayashigi



see styles
Mandarin guǒ shù / guo3 shu4
Taiwan kuo shu
Japanese kaju / かじゅ
Chinese fruit tree; CL:棵[ke1]
Japanese fruit tree; (female given name) Miki; (female given name) Kaju; (female given name) Kaki
a fruit-bearing tree; a fruit-bearing tree


see styles
Mandarin kū mù / ku1 mu4
Taiwan k`u mu / ku mu
Japanese kogi / こぎ    kareki / かれき    kanoki / かのき
Chinese dead tree
Japanese dead tree; dry wood; (surname) Kogi; (place-name) Kareki; (surname) Kanoki
Withered timber, decayed, dried-up trees; applied to a class of ascetic Buddhists, who sat in meditation, never lying down, like 石霜枯木 petrified rocks and withered stumps.


see styles
Mandarin wú tóng / wu2 tong2
Taiwan wu t`ung / wu tung
Japanese godou / godo / ごどう    gotou / goto / ごとう
Chinese wutong (Firmiana platanifolia); Chinese parasol tree
Japanese (kana only) Chinese parasol-tree (Firmiana simplex); Chinese-bottletree; Japanese varnishtree; phoenix-tree; (given name) Godou; (surname) Gotou



see styles
Mandarin zhí shù / zhi2 shu4
Taiwan chih shu
Japanese shokuju / しょくじゅ
Chinese to plant trees
Japanese (noun/participle) tree-planting; (given name) Taneki



see styles
Mandarin yáng liǔ / yang2 liu3
Taiwan yang liu
Japanese yanagi / やなぎ    yanaizu / やないず
Chinese willow tree; poplar and willow; name of traditional tune
Japanese willow (any tree of genus Salix); (1) willow (any tree of genus Salix); (2) weeping willow (Salix babylonica); riverside willow (esp. rosegold pussy willow, Salix gracilistyla); (surname) Yanagi; (surname) Yanaizu



see styles
Mandarin huái shù / huai2 shu4
Taiwan huai shu
Japanese kaiju / かいじゅ
Chinese locust tree (Sophora japonica)
Japanese (See 槐) Japanese pagoda tree (Sophora japonica)



see styles
Mandarin shù guān / shu4 guan1
Taiwan shu kuan
Japanese jukan / じゅかん
Chinese treetop
Japanese tree canopy; tree crown



see styles
Mandarin shù mù / shu4 mu4
Taiwan shu mu
Japanese jumoku / じゅもく
Chinese tree
Japanese tree; trees and shrubs; (place-name) Jumoku; (surname) Kiki; (surname) Ueki



see styles
Mandarin shù shāo / shu4 shao1
Taiwan shu shao
Japanese jushou / jusho / じゅしょう
Chinese the tip of a tree; treetop
Japanese treetop



see styles
Mandarin shù pí / shu4 pi2
Taiwan shu p`i / shu pi
Japanese juhi / じゅひ
Chinese tree bark
Japanese (tree) bark
bark of a tree; bark of a tree



see styles
Mandarin shù zhǒng / shu4 zhong3
Taiwan shu chung
Japanese jushu / じゅしゅ
Chinese tree species
Japanese tree species



see styles
Mandarin shù yè / shu4 ye4
Taiwan shu yeh
Japanese juyou / juyo / じゅよう
Chinese tree leaves
Japanese tree leaf; (female given name) Konoha



see styles
Mandarin shù yīn / shu4 yin1
Taiwan shu yin
Japanese juin / じゅいん    kokage / こかげ
Chinese shade (of a tree)
Japanese shade of tree; bower


see styles
Mandarin yóu tóng / you2 tong2
Taiwan yu t`ung / yu tung
Japanese aburagiri;aburagiri / あぶらぎり;アブラギリ
Chinese Chinese wood-oil tree (Vernicia fordii)
Japanese (kana only) Japanese tungoil tree (Vernicia cordata)



see styles
Mandarin qī shù / qi1 shu4
Taiwan ch`i shu / chi shu
Japanese urushi / うるし
Chinese lac tree (Rhus vernicifera)
Japanese (1) lacquer; varnish; japan; (2) (kana only) lacquer tree (Toxicodendron vernicifluum)


see styles
Mandarin mǔ dan / mu3 dan5
Taiwan mu tan
Japanese botan;botan / ぼたん;ボタン
Chinese tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa); Mudan District of Heze City 菏澤市|菏泽市[He2 ze2 Shi4], Shandong; Mutan township in Pingtung County 屏東縣|屏东县[Ping2 dong1 Xian4], Taiwan
Japanese (1) (kana only) tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa); moutan; (2) wild boar (meat); (p,s,f) Botan



see styles
Mandarin ǎi shù / ai3 shu4
Taiwan ai shu
Japanese waiju / わいじゅ
Chinese short tree; bush; shrub
Japanese low or short tree



see styles
Mandarin yuè guì shù / yue4 gui4 shu4
Taiwan yüeh kuei shu
Japanese gekkeiju;gekkeiju / gekkeju;gekkeju / げっけいじゅ;ゲッケイジュ
Chinese laurel tree (Laurus nobilis); bay tree
Japanese (kana only) bay laurel (Laurus nobilis); bay tree; sweet bay; laurel tree



see styles
Mandarin wú huàn zǐ / wu2 huan4 zi3
Taiwan wu huan tzu
Japanese mukuroji;mukuroji / むくろじ;ムクロジ
Chinese Sapindales; order of scented bushes and trees, includes citrus fruit and lychee
Japanese (kana only) Indian soapberry (Sapindus mukorossi); Chinese soapberry; washnut; soapnut tree; (personal name) Mukuroji; (given name) Mukanshi



see styles
Mandarin luò yè qiáo mù / luo4 ye4 qiao2 mu4
Taiwan lo yeh ch`iao mu / lo yeh chiao mu
Japanese rakuyoukyouboku / rakuyokyoboku / らくようきょうぼく
Chinese deciduous tree
Japanese (See 落葉高木) deciduous tall tree

see styles
Japanese mata / また Japanese (1) crotch; crutch; groin; thigh; (2) fork (in a tree, road, river, etc.); tines (of a fork); (surname) Mata

see styles
Mandarin chǎ // chá // chā / cha3 // cha2 // cha1
Taiwan ch`a / cha
Japanese mata / また
Chinese to diverge; to open (as legs); to cross; be stuck; fork; pitchfork; prong; pick; cross; intersect; "X"
Japanese (1) crotch; crutch; groin; thigh; (2) fork (in a tree, road, river, etc.); tines (of a fork)
A fork, forked; to fold, folded; to clasp the hands

see styles
Mandarin ruò / ruo4
Taiwan jo
Chinese old variant of 若[ruo4]; obedient; ancient mythical tree

see styles
Mandarin chuí / chui2
Taiwan ch`ui / chui
Japanese sui / すい    shidaru / しづ    shizuri / しだる    shigeru / しずり
Chinese to hang (down); droop; dangle; bend down; hand down; bequeath; nearly; almost; to approach
Japanese (1) zigzag-shaped paper streamer often used to adorn Shinto-related objects; (2) hornbeam (deciduous tree in the birch family); (surname) Sui; (female given name) Shidzu; (personal name) Shidaru; (female given name) Shizuri; (personal name) Shigeru
Drop, droop, let down, pass down; regard; to suspend

see styles
Mandarin qiān / qian1
Taiwan ch`ien / chien
Chinese short slender pointed piece of metal, bamboo etc; skewer; prod used to extract samples from sacks of grain etc; (dialect) to stick in; to bolt (a door); to arrange (flowers in a vase); to graft (tree); to pedicure; to peel (an apple etc)

see styles
Mandarin/ mo4
Taiwan mo
Japanese matsu / まつ    sue / すえ    ure / うれ    ura / うら
Chinese tip; end; final stage; latter part; inessential detail; powder; dust; opera role of old man
Japanese (n-adv,n) (1) the end of; (2) powder; (1) (See 末・うら) tip; top; (temporal noun) (2) end; close (e.g. close of the month); (noun - becomes adjective with の) (3) (See 末っ子) youngest child; (4) (esp. 〜の末) descendants; offspring; posterity; (temporal noun) (5) future; (6) finally; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (7) trivialities; (archaism) new shoots; new growth (of a tree); (archaism) top end; tip; (surname, given name) Matsu; (given name) Hiroshi; (personal name) Tome; (surname) Suezaki; (surname) Suesaki; (surname, female given name) Sue
Branch, twig; end; dust; not; translit, ma, va, ba; cf. 摩.

see styles
Mandarin/ ba1
Taiwan pa
Chinese tree

see styles
Mandarin pò // piáo / po4 // piao2
Taiwan p`o // p`iao / po // piao
Japanese paku / パク    yamamura / やまむら    poku / ぽく    bokuzen / ぼくぜん    boku / ぼく    hoku / ほく    hogi / ほぎ    hoo / ほお    hou / ho / ほう    batsuku / ばつく    baku / ばく    haku / はく    sunaho / すなほ    sunao / すなお    enomoto / えのもと
Chinese Celtis sinensis var. japonica; surname Piao; Korean surname (Park, Pak, or Bak); also pr. [Pu2]
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) Japanese bigleaf magnolia (Magnolia obovata); Japanese bigleaf magnolia (Magnolia obovata); (kana only) Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica); Chinese nettle tree; (surname, given name) Park; Pak; (surname) Yamamura; (surname) Poku; (surname) Bokuzen; (surname, given name) Boku; (surname) Hoku; (surname) Hogi; (surname) Hoo; (surname) Hou; (surname) Ho; (surname) Batsuku; (surname) Baku; (surname) Haku; (surname) Sunaho; (surname, given name) Sunao; (surname) Enomoto

see styles
Mandarin chà // chā / cha4 // cha1
Taiwan ch`a / cha
Chinese branches of a tree; fork of a tree; fork of a tree; pitchfork

see styles
Mandarin/ di4
Taiwan ti
Chinese lone-standing tree

see styles
Mandarin/ du4
Taiwan tu
Japanese mori / もり    dou / do / どう    ton / とん    toju / とじゅ    tou / to / とう    to / と
Chinese birchleaf pear (tree); to stop; to prevent; to restrict; surname Du
Japanese (1) forest; (2) shrine grove; (surname, female given name) Mori; (personal name) Dou; (surname) To
Stop, prevent; azalea; to close

see styles
Mandarin/ yi2
Taiwan i
Chinese (tree)

see styles
Mandarin chūn / chun1
Taiwan ch`un / chun
Chinese (tree)

see styles
Mandarin fén / fen2
Taiwan fen
Japanese hegi / へぎ    heki / へき    tsuki / つき
Chinese (tree)
Japanese (surname) Hegi; (surname) Heki; (surname) Tsuki

see styles
Mandarin/ ya2
Taiwan ya
Chinese the coconut tree; rim

see styles
Mandarin è / e4
Taiwan o
Chinese tree knot

see styles
Mandarin méi / mei2
Taiwan mei
Japanese mai / まい
Chinese classifier for coins, rings, badges, pearls, sporting medals, rockets, satellites etc; tree trunk; whip; wooden peg, used as a gag for marching soldiers (old); surname Mei
Japanese (counter) counter for flat objects (e.g. sheets of paper); (surname, female given name) Mai

see styles
Mandarin xiāo / xiao1
Taiwan hsiao
Chinese empty; hollow of a tree

see styles
Mandarin/ yi2
Taiwan i
Chinese (tree)

see styles
Mandarin/ ni3
Taiwan ni
Chinese (tree); to stop

see styles
Mandarin zhè / zhe4
Taiwan che
Japanese tsumi / つみ
Chinese a thorny tree; sugarcane; Cudrania triloba; three-bristle cudrania (Cudrania tricuspidata); Chinese mulberry (Cudrania)
Japanese (archaism) (See 山桑) Chinese mulberry (Morus bombycis); (surname) Yamaguwa; (surname) Tsuge

see styles
Mandarin zuò / zuo4
Taiwan tso
Japanese nara / なら
Chinese oak; Quercus serrata
Japanese (kana only) oak (esp. Quercus serrata); Distylium racemosum (evergreen tree of the winter-hazel genus); (personal name) Nara

see styles
Mandarin/ ke1
Taiwan k`o / ko
Japanese ko / こ    ka / か    ononoe / おののえ
Chinese tree branch; stem; ax handle; surname Ke
Japanese (obscure) handle of an axe; handle of a hatchet; (surname) Ko; (surname) Ka; (surname) Ononoe
Axe-handle; agent; translit. k, v. 呵, 迦, 哥, etc; axe handle

see styles
Mandarin/ li4
Taiwan li
Japanese tochisaki / とちさき    tochi / とち
Chinese archaic variant of 櫪|枥, oak; type of tree in ancient books; stable (for horses)
Japanese (kana only) Japanese horse chestnut (Aesculus turbinata); (surname) Tochi

see styles
Mandarin ér / er2
Taiwan erh
Chinese tree mushroom

see styles
Mandarin shì / shi4
Taiwan shih
Chinese (tree)

see styles
Mandarin guì / gui4
Taiwan kuei
Japanese kei / ke / けい    katsura(p);katsura / かつら(P);カツラ
Chinese cassia; laurel; surname Gui; abbr. for Guangxi Autonomous Region 廣西壯族自治區|广西壮族自治区[Guang3 xi1 Zhuang4 zu2 Zi4 zhi4 qu1]
Japanese (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 桂馬・1) knight; katsura (Cercidiphyllum japonicum); Japanese Judas tree; (female given name) Mari; (surname) Sachi; (personal name) Keiji; (personal name) Keiei; (surname, female given name) Kei; (p,s,f) Katsura

see styles
Mandarin/ yi2
Taiwan i
Chinese (tree)

see styles
Mandarin huán / huan2
Taiwan huan
Japanese kan / かん    ikumi / いくみ
Chinese Chinese soapberry (Sapindus mukurossi); big; pillar (old); surname Huan
Japanese (given name) Kan; (personal name) Ikumi
A tree whose hard, black seeds are used for beads; a pillar, post, tablet.

see styles
Mandarin jiù / jiu4
Taiwan chiu
Chinese Tallow tree; Sapium sebiferum

see styles
Mandarin yīng / ying1
Taiwan ying
Japanese chieri / ちえり    sara / さら    sakurasaki / さくらさき    sakura / さくら    saku / さく    ou / o / おう
Chinese Japanese variant of 櫻|樱[ying1]
Japanese (1) cherry tree; cherry blossom; (2) decoy; fake buyer; shill; (3) hired applauder; (4) (colloquialism) horse meat; (female given name) Chieri; (female given name) Sara; (surname) Sakurasaki; (p,s,f) Sakura; (female given name) Saku; (female given name) Ou

see styles
Mandarin zhī / zhi1
Taiwan chih
Japanese kuchinashi / くちなし
Chinese gardenia; cape jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides); same as 栀子
Japanese (kana only) wax tree (species of sumac, Rhus succedanea); (kana only) Cape jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides); Cape jessamine; gardenia; (surname) Kuchinashi

see styles
Mandarin kuǎn / kuan3
Taiwan k`uan / kuan
Chinese (tree); stand for sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin chān / chan1
Taiwan ch`an / chan
Chinese length (of a tree or beam); long

see styles
Mandarin cuò / cuo4
Taiwan ts`o / tso
Chinese rough tree bark

see styles
Mandarin yuān / yuan1
Taiwan yüan
Chinese crooked (tree)

see styles
Mandarin yǎn / yan3
Taiwan yen
Chinese (tree)

see styles
Mandarin rěn / ren3
Taiwan jen
Japanese utsugi / うつぎ
Chinese jujube tree
Japanese (surname) Utsugi

see styles
Mandarin chóu / chou2
Taiwan ch`ou / chou
Chinese species of tree resistant to cold weather

see styles
Mandarin zhuī // chuí / zhui1 // chui2
Taiwan chui // ch`ui / chui // chui
Japanese shii;shii / shi;shi / しい;シイ
Chinese spine; a hammer
Japanese (kana only) any beech tree of genus Castanopsis; chinquapin; chinkapin; (female given name) Shiina; (surname) Shiizaki; (surname, female given name) Shii
A hammer, especially for a gong, etc.; idem 槌.


see styles
Mandarin chūn / chun1
Taiwan ch`un / chun
Japanese tsubakizaki / つばきざき    takatsubaki / たかつばき
Chinese Chinese toon (Toona sinensis); tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima); (literary metaphor) father
Japanese (kana only) common camellia; Camellia japonica; (surname) Tsubakizaki; (p,s,f) Tsubaki; (surname) Takatsubaki

see styles
Mandarin/ yu3
Chinese surname Yu; (arch. name of tree)

see styles
Mandarin yáng / yang2
Taiwan yang
Japanese riyou / riyo / りよう    riyu / りゆ    ryuu / ryu / りゅう    yon / よん    you / yo / よう    yo / よ    yanagi / やん    yanai / やなぎ    paku / やない    chi / ぱく
Chinese poplar; surname Yang
Japanese (1) willow (any tree of genus Salix); (2) weeping willow (Salix babylonica); (surname) Riyou; (surname) Riyu; (surname) Ryuu; (surname) Yon; (surname, given name) You; (surname) Yo; (surname, female given name) Yanagi; (surname) Yanai; (surname) Paku; (surname) Chi
Willow; aspen, poplar, arbutus; syphilis.

see styles
Mandarin kǔ // hù / ku3 // hu4
Taiwan k`u // hu / ku // hu
Chinese broken utensil; (tree)

see styles
Mandarin liàn / lian4
Taiwan lien
Japanese sendan / せんだん    ouchi / ochi / おうち
Chinese Melia japonica
Japanese (1) (kana only) chinaberry; Japanese bead tree (Melia azedarach); (2) Indian sandalwood (Santalum album); (1) (archaism) chinaberry; Japanese bead tree (Melia azedarach); (2) light purple outside, green inside; purple outside, light purple inside; type of garment layering color scheme, worn in April and May

see styles
Mandarin tíng / ting2
Taiwan t`ing / ting
Chinese tree

see styles
Mandarin nán / nan2
Taiwan nan
Japanese nan / なん    kusunoki / くすのき    kusunoka / くすのか    kusuno / くすの    kusuzaki / くすざき    kusuki / くすき    kusu / くす
Chinese Machilus nanmu; Chinese cedar; Chinese giant redwood
Japanese (kana only) camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora); camphorwood; camphor laurel; (surname) Nan; (place-name, surname) Kusunoki; (surname) Kusunoka; (surname) Kusuno; (surname) Kusuzaki; (surname) Kusuki; (place-name, surname) Kusu

see styles
Japanese nire;nire / にれ;ニレ Japanese (kana only) elm tree (esp. the Japanese elm, Ulmus davidiana var. japonica); (surname, female given name) Nire

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.


This page contains 100 results for "tree" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

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Japanese Kanji Dictionary

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