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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Japanese gaku / がく
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (suffix) (1) -ology; -ics; study of ...; (2) learning; scholarship; erudition; knowledge; (personal name) Yutaka; (female given name) Manabu; (female given name) Manabi; (female given name) Satoru; (male given name) Satoshi; (p,s,g) Gaku; (personal name) Akira; (female given name) Ai


see styles
Mandarin xué / xue2
Taiwan hsüeh
Japanese manabu / まなぶ    satoru / さとる    gaku / がく
Chinese to learn; to study; to imitate; science; -ology
Japanese (personal name) Manabu; (given name) Satoru; (personal name) Gaku
śikṣ; to study, learn, the process of acquiring knowledge; learning.

see styles
Mandarin niàn / nian4
Taiwan nien
Japanese nen / ねん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to read; to study (a subject); to attend (a school); to read aloud; to miss (sb); idea; remembrance; twenty (banker's anti-fraud numeral corresponding to 廿, 20)
Japanese (1) (esp. 〜の念) sense; idea; thought; feeling; (2) desire; concern; (3) (esp. 念に〜、念の/が〜) attention; care; (personal name) Nen; (female given name) Omoi; (personal name) Usuginu; (personal name) Usui
smṛti. Recollection, memory; to think on, reflect; repeat, intone; a thought; a moment; mindfulness, memory

see styles
Mandarin fāng / fang1
Taiwan fang
Japanese hou / ho / ほう    gata / がた    kata / かた
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese square; power or involution (mathematics); upright; honest; fair and square; direction; side; party (to a contract, dispute etc); place; method; prescription (medicine); just when; only or just; classifier for square things; abbr. for square or cubic meter; surname Fang
Japanese (1) direction; way; side; area (in a particular direction); (2) side (of an argument, etc.); one's part; (3) type; category; (4) field (of study, etc.); (5) indicates one side of a comparison; (6) way; method; manner; means; (7) length (of each side of a square); (suffix) (1) honorific pluralizing suffix (used only for people); (2) (also かた) around (the time that, etc.); about; (1) (also ほう) direction; way; (2) (honorific or respectful language) person; lady; gentleman; (n,n-suf) (3) method of; manner of; way of; (suffix noun) (4) care of ..; (5) (also がた) person in charge of ..; (6) (also がた) side (e.g. "on my mother's side"); (given name) Michi; (female given name) Masani; (given name) Masashi; (surname) Hon; (surname, female given name) Hou; (surname) Fuon; (surname) Pan; (surname) Ban; (surname) Tokukata; (given name) Tamotsu; (given name) Tadashi; (surname) Kata; (personal name) Ataru
Square; place; correct; a means, plan, prescription; then, now, just; to make even


see styles
Mandarin/ ye4
Taiwan yeh
Japanese waza / わざ    gou / go / ごう    gyou / gyo / ぎょう
Chinese line of business; industry; occupation; job; employment; school studies; enterprise; property; (Buddhism) karma; deed; to engage in; already; surname Ye
Japanese deed; act; work; performance; {Buddh} (See 果報) karma (i.e. actions committed in a former life); (n,suf) (1) work; business; company; agency; (2) study; (personal name) Hajime; (surname) Gyou
karman, karma, "action, work, deed"; "moral duty"; "product, result, effect." M.W. The doctrine of the act; deeds and their effects on the character, especially in their relation to succeeding forms of transmigration. The 三業 are thought, word, and deed, each as good, bad, or indifferent. Karma from former lives is 宿業, from present conduct 現業. Karma is moral action that causes future retribution, and either good or evil transmigration. It is also that moral kernel in which each being survives death for further rebirth or metempsychosis. There are categories of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 10; the 六業 are rebirth in the hells, or as animals, hungry ghosts, men, devas, or asuras: v. 六趣.


see styles
Mandarin/ du2
Taiwan tu
Japanese doku
Chinese to read; to study; reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音[pin1 yin1]; comma; phrase marked by pause
To read; a comma, full stop.

修行

see styles
Mandarin xiū xíng / xiu1 xing2
Taiwan hsiu hsing
Japanese shugyou(p);sugyou(ok) / shugyo(p);sugyo(ok) / しゅぎょう(P);すぎょう(ok)
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese religious practice (Buddhism)
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) {Buddh} ascetic practices; (2) training; practice; discipline; study; (personal name) Nobuyuki; (personal name) Naomichi; (surname) Shugyou; (surname) Shuugyou; (personal name) Shigeo
caryā, conduct; to observe and do; to end one's ways; to cultivate oneself in right practice; be religious, or pious; to carry out or perform

斯文

see styles
Mandarin sī wén / si1 wen2
Taiwan ssu wen
Japanese shibun / しぶん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese refined; educate; cultured; intellectual; polite; gentle
Japanese this academic subject or field of study; Confucian studies

學無止境


学无止境

see styles
Mandarin xué wú zhǐ jìng / xue2 wu2 zhi3 jing4
Taiwan hsüeh wu chih ching
Chinese no end to learning (idiom); There's always something new to study.; You live and learn.

寧靜致遠


宁静致远

see styles
Mandarin níng jìng zhì yuǎn / ning2 jing4 zhi4 yuan3
Taiwan ning ching chih yüan
Chinese tranquility yields transcendence (idiom); quiet life of profound study; cf Still waters run deep.

温故知新

see styles
Japanese onkochishin / おんこちしん Japanese (yoji) developing new ideas based on study of the past; learning from the past

磨杵成針

see styles
Mandarin mó chǔ chéng zhēn / mo2 chu3 cheng2 zhen1
Taiwan mo ch`u ch`eng chen / mo chu cheng chen
Chinese to grind an iron bar down to a fine needle (idiom); fig. to persevere in a difficult task; to study diligently

鑿壁偷光

see styles
Mandarin záo bì tōu guāng / zao2 bi4 tou1 guang1
Taiwan tsao pi t`ou kuang / tsao pi tou kuang
Chinese lit. to pierce the wall to steal a light (idiom); fig. to study diligently in the face of hardship

see styles
Mandarin/ ke1
Taiwan k`o / ko
Japanese ka / か
Chinese branch of study; administrative section; division; field; branch; stage directions; family (taxonomy); rules; laws; to mete out (punishment); to levy (taxes etc); to fine sb; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) department; section; faculty; school; arm; (2) course (of study); branch of study; specialization; (3) (taxonomical) family; (personal name) Ke
A class, lesson, examination; gist

修業


修业

see styles
Mandarin xiū yè / xiu1 ye4
Taiwan hsiu yeh
Japanese shuugyou(p);shugyou / shugyo(p);shugyo / しゅうぎょう(P);しゅぎょう
Chinese to study at school
Japanese (noun/participle) pursuit of knowledge; studying; learning; training; completing a course; (surname) Shiyugyou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

研究

see styles
Mandarin yán jiū / yan2 jiu1
Taiwan yen chiu
Japanese kenkyuu / kenkyu / けんきゅう
Chinese research; a study; CL:項|项[xiang4]
Japanese (noun/participle) study; research; investigation

稽古

see styles
Mandarin jī gǔ / ji1 gu3
Taiwan chi ku
Japanese keiko / keko / けいこ
Chinese to learn from the ancients; to study the classic texts
Japanese (noun/participle) practice; practising; training; study; (place-name) Keiko

考察

see styles
Mandarin kǎo chá / kao3 cha2
Taiwan k`ao ch`a / kao cha
Japanese kousatsu / kosatsu / こうさつ
Chinese to inspect; to observe and study; on-the-spot investigation
Japanese (noun/participle) consideration; inquiry; enquiry; investigation; study
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

自修

see styles
Mandarin zì xiū / zi4 xiu1
Taiwan tzu hsiu
Japanese jishu / じしゅう
Chinese to study on one's own; self-study
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) self-study; teaching oneself
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

自習

see styles
Mandarin zì xí / zi4 xi2
Taiwan tzu hsi
Japanese jishuu / jishu / じしゅう
Chinese to study outside of class time (reviewing one's lessons); to study in one's free time; individual study
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) self-study; teaching oneself

see styles
Mandarin xiū / xiu1
Taiwan hsiu
Japanese yoshimi / よしみ    nagashi / ながし    nakashi / なかし    tadashi / ただし    su / す    shuuji / shuji / しゅうじ    shuusaku / shusaku / しゅうさく    shuu / shu / しゅう    kazaru / かざる    osameru / おさめる    osame / おさめ    osamu / おさむ    osami / おさみ
Chinese to decorate; to embellish; to repair; to build; to write; to cultivate; to study; to take (a class); surname Xiu
Japanese (given name) Yoshimi; (personal name) Nagashi; (given name) Nakashi; (given name) Tadashi; (personal name) Su; (personal name) Shuuji; (personal name) Shuusaku; (given name) Shuu; (given name) Kazaru; (personal name) Osameru; (given name) Osame; (female given name) Osamu; (given name) Osami
To put in order, mend, cultivate, observe. Translit. su, sū. Cf. 須; 蘇; repeated practice

see styles
Mandarin jiān / jian1
Taiwan chien
Japanese ken / けん
Chinese double; twice; simultaneous; holding two or more (official) posts at the same time
Japanese (conjunction) cum (e.g. bedroom-cum-study); holding both roles (e.g. Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs); and; in addition; concurrently; at the same time; (personal name) Kensou; (personal name) Kenji; (personal name) Kenshou; (personal name) Ken; (given name) Kaneru; (male given name) Kaneyoshi; (personal name) Kaneyuki; (surname) Kanemura; (personal name) Kanenori; (personal name) Kaneshi; (surname) Kanezaki; (surname) Kanesaki; (surname, female given name) Kane; (given name) Kanuru
Both; also; to unite, join, comprehend.

see styles
Mandarin liáo / liao2
Taiwan liao
Japanese ryou / ryo / りょう
Chinese hut; shack; small window; variant of 僚[liao2]; Laos
Japanese (1) hostel; dormitory; (2) (archaism) (See 律令制) bureau (government department beneath a ministry under the ritsuryo system); (surname, given name) Ryou
A hut, study, monastery; fellow-student; a small house

see styles
Mandarin yán / yan2
Taiwan yen
Chinese grind fine; study; research


see styles
Mandarin kōu / kou1
Taiwan k`ou / kou
Chinese to dig out; to pick out (with one's fingers); to carve; to cut; to study meticulously; to lift one's clothes; stingy; miserly

see styles
Mandarin gōng / gong1
Taiwan kung
Japanese susumu / すすむ    kou / ko / こう    osamu / おさむ    isamu / いさむ
Chinese to attack; to accuse; to study
Japanese (personal name) Susumu; (given name) Kou; (given name) Osamu; (given name) Isamu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ qi1
Taiwan ch`i / chi
Japanese ki / き
Chinese a period of time; phase; stage; classifier for issues of a periodical, courses of study; time; term; period; to hope; Taiwan pr. [qi2]
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) period; time; (2) {geol} age; (3) term (e.g. in office); period; (4) session (e.g. of parliament); (5) stage (e.g. disease); (surname) Ki
A set time; a limit of time; times, seasons; to expect.

see styles
Mandarin/ ge2
Taiwan ko
Japanese kyaku / きゃく    kaku / かく
Chinese square; frame; rule; (legal) case; style; character; standard; pattern; (grammar) case; (classical) to obstruct; to hinder; (classical) to arrive; to come; (classical) to investigate; to study exhaustively
Japanese (archaism) (See 律令) amendment (of the ritsuryo); (n,n-suf) (1) status; position; rank; (2) method; way; style; (3) rule; regulation; law; (4) {ling} grammatical case; (5) figure (syllogism); (given name) Wataru; (given name) Noboru; (given name) Tooru; (male given name) Tsutomu; (given name) Tadasu; (given name) Tadashi; (personal name) Kiwame; (personal name) Kiwamu; (given name) Kaku; (personal name) Kaihei; (female given name) Itaru
A rule, line, pattern; reach, research, science; to ascertain

see styles
Mandarin yán / yan2
Taiwan yen
Japanese yoshi / よし    migaku / みがく    migaki / みがき    togi / とぎ    kensou / kenso / けんそう    kenji / けんじ    kenshou / kensho / けんしょう    ken / けん    kiwamu / きわむ    osamu / おさむ
Chinese to grind; study; research
Japanese (female given name) Yoshi; (given name) Migaku; (given name) Migaki; (surname) Togi; (personal name) Kensou; (personal name) Kenji; (personal name) Kenshou; (surname, given name) Ken; (given name) Kiwamu; (given name) Osamu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin jiū / jiu1
Taiwan chiu
Japanese hakaru / はかる    kiwamu / きわむ    kyuu / kyu / きゅう
Chinese after all; to investigate; to study carefully; Taiwan pr. [jiu4]
Japanese (given name) Hakaru; (surname, given name) Kiwamu; (male given name) Kyuu
To go to the bottom of; inquire into; end, fundamental, supreme. v. 鳩 for究槃荼 Kumbhāṇḍa and究磨羅 Kumāra; v. 拘尸那 for究施 Kuśināgra.


see styles
Mandarin/ xi2
Taiwan hsi
Japanese shuu / shu / しゅう
Chinese to practice; to study; habit; surname Xi
Japanese (surname) Shuu
Repetition, practice, habit, skilled; u.f. 習氣 intp. vāsanā.

see styles
Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Chinese to learn; to practice or study (old)


see styles
Mandarin guān / guan1
Taiwan kuan
Japanese kan
Chinese Taoist monastery; palace gate watchtower; platform; to look at; to watch; to observe; to behold; to advise; concept; point of view; outlook; surname Guan
vipaśyanā; vidarśanā. To look into, study, examine, contemplate; contemplation, insight; a study, a Taoist monastery; to consider illusion and discern illusion, or discern the seeming from the real; to contemplate and mentally enter into truth. 覺 is defined as awakening, or awareness, 觀 as examination or study. It is also an old tr. of the word Yoga; and cf. 禪 17. Guan is especially a doctrine of the Tiantai school as shown in the 止觀 q.v.

see styles
Mandarin tǎo / tao3
Taiwan t`ao / tao
Chinese to invite; to provoke; to demand or ask for; to send armed forces to suppress; to denounce or condemn; to marry (a woman); to discuss or study


see styles
Mandarin zuān / zuan1
Taiwan tsuan
Japanese san / たがね
Chinese an auger; diamond; to drill; to bore; to get into; to make one's way into; to enter (a hole); to thread one's way through; to study intensively; to dig into; to curry favor for personal gain
Japanese (1) (kana only) chisel; (2) (kana only) burin; graver; engraving tool; (3) (kana only) gad; jumper; mining tool
To bore, pierce; an awl.


see styles
Mandarin zhāi / zhai1
Taiwan chai
Japanese hitoshi / ひとし    toki / とき    sai / さい    itsuki / いつき
Chinese to fast or abstain from meat, wine etc; vegetarian diet; study room; building; to give alms (to a monk)
Japanese (surname) Hitoshi; (personal name) Toki; (surname) Sai; (surname, given name) Itsuki
To reverence: abstinence; to purify as by fasting, or abstaining, e.g. from flesh food; religious or abstinential duties, or times; upavasatha (uposatha), a fast; the ritual period for food, i.e. before noon; a room for meditation, a study, a building, etc., devoted to abstinence, chastity, or the Buddhist religion; mourning (for parents).

三學


三学

see styles
Mandarin sān xué / san1 xue2
Taiwan san hsüeh
Japanese sangaku
The "three studies" or vehicles of learning— discipline, meditation, wisdom: (a) 戒學 learning by the commandments, or prohibitions, so as to guard against the evil consequences of error by mouth, body, or mind, i.e. word, deed, or thought; (b) 定學 learning by dhyāna, or quietist meditation; (c) 慧學 learning by philosophy, i.e. study of principles and solving of doubts. Also the Tripiṭaka; the 戒 being referred to the 律 vinaya, the 定 to the 經 sūtras, and the to the 論 śāstras; three practices

三觀


三观

see styles
Mandarin sān guān / san1 guan1
Taiwan san kuan
Japanese sangan
The three studies, meditations, or insights. The most general group is that of Tiantai: (a) 空觀 study of all as void, or immaterial; (b) 假觀 of all as unreal, transient, or temporal; (c) 中觀 as the via media inclusive of both. The Huayan group is 眞空觀, 理事無礙觀 and 周遍含容觀, see 華嚴經:法界觀. The 南山 group is 性空觀, 相空觀, and 唯識觀. The 慈恩 group is 有觀, 空觀 and 中觀; three contemplations

下読

see styles
Japanese shitayomi / したよみ Japanese (irregular okurigana usage) (noun/participle) preparatory reading; lesson study; rehearsal (of play)

二學


二学

see styles
Mandarin èr xué / er4 xue2
Taiwan erh hsüeh
Japanese nigaku
The two kinds of study or learning: (a) reading and reciting, (b) meditation and thought.

五觀


五观

see styles
Mandarin wǔ guān / wu3 guan1
Taiwan wu kuan
Japanese gokan
The five meditations referred to in the Lotus Sutra 25: (1) 眞 on the true, idem 空觀, to meditate on the reality of the void or infinite, in order to be rid of illusion in views and thoughts; (2) 淸淨觀 on purity, to be rid of any remains of impurity connected with the temporal, idem 假觀; (3) 廣大智慧觀 on the wider and greater wisdom, idem 中觀, by study of the 'middle' way; (4) 悲觀 on pitifulness, or the pitiable condition of the living, and by the above three to meditate on their salvation; (5) 慈觀 on mercy and the extension of the first three meditations to the carrying of joy to all the living; five contemplations

付く

see styles
Japanese zuku / づく    tsuku / つく Japanese (suf,v5k) (See 付く・つく・14) to become (a state, condition, etc.); (v5k,vi) (1) to be attached; to be connected with; to adhere; to stick; to cling; (2) to remain imprinted; to scar; to stain; to dye; (3) to bear (fruit, interest, etc.); (4) to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.); to increase (of strength, etc.); (5) to take root; (6) to accompany; to attend; to follow; to study with; (7) to side with; to belong to; (8) (See 憑く) to possess; to haunt; (9) (See 点く・1) to be lit; to be lighted; (10) to be settled; to be resolved; to be decided; (11) to be given (of a name, price, etc.); (12) to be sensed; to be perceived; (13) (from 運がつく) to be lucky; (suf,v5k) (14) (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) (See 付く・づく) to become (a state, condition, etc.)

休學


休学

see styles
Mandarin xiū xué / xiu1 xue2
Taiwan hsiu hsüeh
Chinese to suspend schooling; to defer study
Japanese See: 休学

併設

see styles
Japanese heisetsu / hesetsu / へいせつ Japanese (noun/participle) (See 併置・へいち) joint establishment (esp. schools of different levels or different courses of study); establishment as an annex (e.g. of a school); juxtaposition; placing side by side

俗学

see styles
Japanese zokugaku / ぞくがく Japanese popular learning; worldly study

修む

see styles
Japanese osamu / おさむ Japanese (v2m-s,vt) (1) (archaism) to study; to complete (a course); to cultivate; to master; (2) (archaism) to order (one's life); (3) (archaism) to repair (a fault one has committed)

修習


修习

see styles
Mandarin xiū xí / xiu1 xi2
Taiwan hsiu hsi
Japanese shuushuu / shushu / しゅうしゅう
Chinese to study; to practice
Japanese apprenticeship
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

傳習


传习

see styles
Mandarin chuán xí / chuan2 xi2
Taiwan ch`uan hsi / chuan hsi
Chinese teaching and learning; to study and impart

價原


价原

see styles
Mandarin jià yuán / jia4 yuan2
Taiwan chia yüan
Chinese Kagen or the Origin of Value by MIURA Baien 三浦梅園|三浦梅园[San1 pu3 Mei2 yuan2], pioneering study of economics comparable to Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations 國富論|国富论[Guo2 fu4 lun4]

入室

see styles
Mandarin rù shì / ru4 shi4
Taiwan ju shih
Japanese nyuushitsu(p);nisshitsu / nyushitsu(p);nisshitsu / にゅうしつ(P);にっしつ
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) (にゅうしつ only) (See 退室) entering a room; (2) {Buddh} studying under a Buddhist teacher
To enter the master's study for examination or instruction; to enter the status of a disciple, but strictly of an advanced disciple. To receive consecration; to enter the room

入觀


入观

see styles
Mandarin rù guān / ru4 guan1
Taiwan ju kuan
Japanese nyūkan
To enter into meditation; it differs from 入定 as 定 means 自心之寂靜 complete stillness of the mind, while 觀 means 自觀照理 thought and study for enlightenment in regard to truth.

內學


内学

see styles
Mandarin nèi xué / nei4 xue2
Taiwan nei hsüeh
Japanese naigaku
The inner learning, i. e. Buddhism; inner study

六卽

see styles
Mandarin liù jí / liu4 ji2
Taiwan liu chi
Japanese rokusoku
The six stages of Bodhisattva developments as defined in the Tiant 'ai 圓教, i. e. Perfect, or Final Teaching, in contrast with the previous, or ordinary six developments of 十信, 十住, 十行, etc., as found in the 別教 Differentiated or Separate school. The Tiantai six are: (1) 理卽 realization that all beings are of Buddha-nature; (2) 名字卽 the apprehension of terms, that those who only hear and believe are in the Buddha. law and potentially Buddha; (3) 觀行卽 advance beyond terminology to meditation, or study and accordant action; it is known as 五品觀行 or 五品弟子位; (4) 相似卽 semblance stage, or approximation to perfection in purity, the 六根淸淨位, i. e. the 十信位; (5) 分證卽 discrimination of truth and its progressive experiential proof, i. e. the 十住, 十行, 十廻向, 十地, and 等覺位 of the 別教 known also as the 聖因 cause or root of holiness. (6) 究竟卽 perfect enlightenment, i. e. the 妙覺位 or 聖果 fruition of holiness. (1) and (2) are known as 外凡 external for, or common to, all. (1) is theoretical; (2) is the first step in practical advance, followed by (3) and (4) styled 内凡 internal for all, and (3), (4), (5), and (6) are known as the 八位 the eight grades; six identicals

力學


力学

see styles
Mandarin lì xué / li4 xue2
Taiwan li hsüeh
Chinese mechanics; to study hard
Japanese See: 力学

功課


功课

see styles
Mandarin gōng kè / gong1 ke4
Taiwan kung k`o / kung ko
Chinese homework; assignment; task; classwork; lesson; study; CL:門|门[men2]

勉学

see styles
Japanese bengaku / べんがく Japanese (noun/participle) study; pursuit of knowledge

勉強


勉强

see styles
Mandarin miǎn qiǎng / mian3 qiang3
Taiwan mien ch`iang / mien chiang
Japanese benkyou / benkyo / べんきょう
Chinese to do with difficulty; to force sb to do something; reluctant; barely enough
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) study; (2) diligence; (3) discount; reduction

勸學


劝学

see styles
Mandarin quàn xué / quan4 xue2
Taiwan ch`üan hsüeh / chüan hsüeh
Japanese kangaku
Chinese On learning, classic book by Confucian philosopher Xun Zi 荀子 (c. 310-237 BC)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

匱聞


匮闻

see styles
Mandarin guì wén / gui4 wen2
Taiwan kuei wen
Japanese kimon
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

十利

see styles
Mandarin shí lì / shi2 li4
Taiwan shih li
Japanese jūri
There are many groups of ten profitable things or advantages, e.g. ten in regard to edibles, ten to congee, to learning, to study of the scriptures, to wisdom, to zeal, etc.

卒業


卒业

see styles
Mandarin zú yè / zu2 ye4
Taiwan tsu yeh
Japanese sotsugyou / sotsugyo / そつぎょう
Chinese to complete a course of study (old); to graduate
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) (1) graduation; completion (e.g. of a course); (2) (colloquialism) outgrowing something; moving on

參學


参学

see styles
Mandarin cān xué / can1 xue2
Taiwan ts`an hsüeh / tsan hsüeh
Japanese sangaku
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

受業


受业

see styles
Mandarin shòu yè / shou4 ye4
Taiwan shou yeh
Japanese jugō
Chinese to study; to learn from a master; (pupil's first person pronoun) I, your student
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

史学

see styles
Japanese shigaku / しがく Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) study of history

同學


同学

see styles
Mandarin tóng xué / tong2 xue2
Taiwan t`ung hsüeh / tung hsüeh
Japanese dōgaku
Chinese to study at the same school; fellow student; classmate; CL:位[wei4],個|个[ge4]
FeIlow-students, those who learn or study together; fellow students

啃書


啃书

see styles
Mandarin kěn shū / ken3 shu1
Taiwan k`en shu / ken shu
Chinese lit. to gnaw a book; to study; to cram

商科

see styles
Mandarin shāng kē / shang1 ke1
Taiwan shang k`o / shang ko
Japanese shouka / shoka / しょうか
Chinese business studies; Shangke corporation, PRC IT company (since 1994)
Japanese commerce (field of study); department of commerce (at a university)

善學


善学

see styles
Mandarin shàn xué / shan4 xue2
Taiwan shan hsüeh
Japanese zengaku
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

国学

see styles
Japanese kokugaku / こくがく Japanese (1) study of (ancient) Japanese literature and culture; (2) (archaism) (See 大学・2) provincial school (under Japan's ritsuryo system and pre-Sui Chinese law)

國企


国企

see styles
Mandarin guó qǐ / guo2 qi3
Taiwan kuo ch`i / kuo chi
Chinese state enterprise; (Tw) abbr. for 國際企業管理|国际企业管理, international business management (as a subject of study)

外學


外学

see styles
Mandarin wài xué / wai4 xue2
Taiwan wai hsüeh
Japanese gegaku
Study of outside, or non-Buddhist doctrines; non-Buddhist studies

奨学

see styles
Japanese shougaku / shogaku / しょうがく Japanese encouragement to study

好學


好学

see styles
Mandarin hào xué / hao4 xue2
Taiwan hao hsüeh
Chinese eager to study; studious; erudite
Japanese See: 好学

学び

see styles
Japanese manabi / まなび Japanese learning; study

学ぶ

see styles
Japanese manabu / まなぶ Japanese (Godan verb with "bu" ending) to study (in depth); to learn; to take lessons in

学修

see styles
Japanese gakushuu / gakushu / がくしゅう Japanese (noun/participle) study; learning; (given name) Gakushuu

学参

see styles
Japanese gakusan / がくさん Japanese (See 学習参考書) study reference; study-aid book

学問

see styles
Japanese gakumon / がくもん Japanese (noun/participle) (1) scholarship; study; learning; (2) discipline; branch of learning; (a) science

学研

see styles
Japanese gakken / がっけん Japanese study and research; scholarship and research

学科

see styles
Japanese gakka / がっか Japanese (1) study subject; course of study; (2) department (university, etc.)

学習

see styles
Japanese gakushuu / gakushu / がくしゅう Japanese (noun/participle) study; learning; tutorial

学風

see styles
Japanese gakufuu / gakufu / がくふう Japanese academic traditions; academic school of thought; method of study

學ぶ

see styles
Japanese manabu / まなぶ Japanese (out-dated kanji) (Godan verb with "bu" ending) to study (in depth); to learn; to take lessons in

學斷


学断

see styles
Mandarin xué duàn / xue2 duan4
Taiwan hsüeh tuan
Japanese gakudan
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

學法


学法

see styles
Mandarin xué fǎ / xue2 fa3
Taiwan hsüeh fa
Japanese gakuhō
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

學習


学习

see styles
Mandarin xué xí / xue2 xi2
Taiwan hsüeh hsi
Chinese to learn; to study

學風


学风

see styles
Mandarin xué fēng / xue2 feng1
Taiwan hsüeh feng
Chinese style of study; academic atmosphere; school discipline; school traditions

安居

see styles
Mandarin ān jū / an1 ju1
Taiwan an chü
Japanese ango / あんご    ankyo / あんきょ
Chinese to settle down; to live peacefully; Anju district of Suining city 遂寧市|遂宁市[Sui4 ning2 shi4], Sichuan
Japanese (noun/participle) {Buddh} varsika (meditation retreat; usu. for 90 days starting on the 15th day of the 4th month of the lunisolar calendar); (noun/participle) easy life; (given name) Yasuoki; (place-name, surname) Yasui; (place-name) Agoin; (place-name) Ago; (surname) Agui; (surname, female given name) Ai
Tranquil dwelling. varṣā, varṣās, or varṣāvasāna. A retreat during the three months of the Indian rainy season, and also, say some, in the depth of winter. During the rains it was 'difficult to move without injuring insect life'. But the object was for study and meditation. In Tokhara the retreat is said to have been in winter, from the middle of the 12th to the middle of the 3rd moon; in India from the middle of the 5th to the 8th, or the 6th to the 9th moons; usually from Śrāvaṇa, Chinese 5th moon, to Aśvayuja, Chinese 8th moon; but the 16th of the 4th to the 15th of the 7th moon has been the common period in China and Japan. The two annual periods are sometimes called 坐 夏 and 坐 臘 sitting or resting for the summer and for the end of the year. The period is divided into three sections, former, middle, and latter, each of a month.

宗学

see styles
Japanese shuugaku / shugaku / しゅうがく Japanese (See 神学) study of religious doctrine; (personal name) Sougaku

宗學


宗学

see styles
Mandarin zōng xué / zong1 xue2
Taiwan tsung hsüeh
Japanese shūgaku
The study or teaching of a sect; study or teaching of [one's own] sect

対象

see styles
Japanese taishou / taisho / たいしょう Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) target; object (of worship, study, etc.); subject (of taxation, etc.)

専攻

see styles
Japanese senkou / senko / せんこう Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) major subject; special study

専門

see styles
Japanese senmon / せんもん Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) speciality; specialty; subject of study; expert; area of expertise

專業


专业

see styles
Mandarin zhuān yè / zhuan1 ye4
Taiwan chuan yeh
Chinese specialty; specialized field; main field of study (at university); major; CL:門|门[men2],個|个[ge4]; professional

專門


专门

see styles
Mandarin zhuān mén / zhuan1 men2
Taiwan chuan men
Japanese senmon / せんもん
Chinese specialist; specialized; customized
Japanese (irregular kanji usage) (noun - becomes adjective with の) speciality; specialty; subject of study; expert; area of expertise

就く

see styles
Japanese tsuku / つく Japanese (Godan verb with "ku" ending) (1) to ascend (the throne); to accede; (2) to take (seat, position, course, etc.); to assume; (3) to start (on a journey); to commence; to depart; (4) to study (under teacher); to be an apprentice

師從


师从

see styles
Mandarin shī cóng / shi1 cong2
Taiwan shih ts`ung / shih tsung
Chinese to study under (a teacher)

帶薪


带薪

see styles
Mandarin dài xīn / dai4 xin1
Taiwan tai hsin
Chinese to receive one's regular salary (while on vacation, study leave etc); paid (leave); on full pay

式叉

see styles
Mandarin shì chā / shi4 cha1
Taiwan shih ch`a / shih cha
Japanese shikisha
śikṣā; learning, study.

念書


念书

see styles
Mandarin niàn shū / nian4 shu1
Taiwan nien shu
Japanese nensho / ねんしょ
Chinese to read; to study
Japanese written pledge; signed note of assurance; memorandum; legal instrument

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This page contains 100 results for "study" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary