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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ fu2
Taiwan fu
Japanese hotoke / ほとけ    butsusaki / ぶつさき
Chinese Buddha; Buddhism
Japanese (surname) Hotoke; (surname) Butsusaki
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.

see styles
Mandarin xìn / xin4
Taiwan hsin
Japanese shin / しん
Chinese letter; mail; CL:封[feng1]; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
Japanese (adv,n) (1) honesty; fidelity; (2) trust; reliance; (3) (religious) faith; (counter) (4) counter for received messages; (female given name) Yuki; (female given name) Michi; (female given name) Makoto; (personal name) Noburu; (personal name) Nobutsugu; (surname) Nobutaka; (personal name) Nobuji; (surname) Nobusaki; (personal name) Nobukatsu; (female given name) Nobu; (personal name) Shinji; (surname, female given name) Shin; (female given name) Shino; (female given name) Akira
śraddhā. Faith; to believe; belief; faith regarded as the faculty of the mind which sees, appropriates, and trusts the things of religion; it joyfully trusts in the Buddha, in the pure virtue of the triratna and earthly and transcendental goodness; it is the cause of the pure life, and the solvent of doubt. Two forms are mentioned: (1) adhimukti, intuition, tr. by self-assured enlightenment. (2) śraddhā, faith through hearing or being taught. For the Awakening of Faith, Śraddhotpāda, v. 起信論.

see styles
Mandarin qiè / qie4
Taiwan ch`ieh / chieh
Japanese warawa / わらわ    mekake / めかけ    sobame / そばめ    onname / おんなめ
Chinese concubine; I, your servant (deprecatory self-reference for women)
Japanese (pn,adj-no) (archaism) (humble language) (feminine speech) I; me; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) mistress; kept woman; concubine

see styles
Mandarin yǐng / ying3
Taiwan ying
Japanese kage / かげ    eiji / eji / えいじ    ei / e / えい
Chinese picture; image; film; movie; photograph; reflection; shadow; trace
Japanese (1) shadow; silhouette; figure; shape; (2) reflection; image; (3) ominous sign; (4) light (stars, moon); (5) trace; shadow (of one's former self); (surname) Kage; (personal name) Eiji; (given name) Ei
Shadow, picture, image, reflection, hint; one of the twelve 'colours'.

see styles
Mandarin rěn / ren3
Taiwan jen
Japanese nin / にん
Chinese to bear; to endure; to tolerate; to restrain oneself
Japanese (archaism) endurance; forbearance; patience; self-restraint; (given name) Nin; (surname, female given name) Shinobu; (place-name) Shinobi; (female given name) Shino; (p,s,g) Oshi; (female given name) Azumi
kṣānti, 羼提 (or 羼底); patience, endurance, (a) in adverse circumstances, (b) in the religious state. There are groups of two, three, four, five, six, ten, and fourteen, indicating various forms of patience, equanimity, repression, forbearance, endurance, constancy, or "perseverance of the saints," both in mundane and spiritual things; to endure


see styles
Mandarin qīn / qin1
Taiwan ch`in / chin
Japanese makoto / まこと    hitoshi / ひとし    kon / こん    kinji / きんじ    kin / きん
Chinese to respect; to admire; to venerate; by the emperor himself; surname Qin
Japanese (personal name) Makoto; (male given name) Hitoshi; (given name) Kon; (personal name) Kinji; (given name) Kin
Imperial; to respect, reverence.

see styles
Mandarin kōng / kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Japanese kuu / ku / くう    kara / から
Chinese to empty; vacant; unoccupied; space; leisure; free time; empty; air; sky; in vain
Japanese (1) empty air; sky; (2) {Buddh} shunyata; emptiness; the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon; (3) (abbreviation) (See 空軍) air force; (noun or adjectival noun) (4) fruitlessness; meaninglessness; (5) (See 五大・1) void (one of the five elements); (can be adjective with の) (6) {math} empty (e.g. set); (noun - becomes adjective with の) emptiness; vacuum; blank; (female given name) Ron; (personal name) Hiroshi; (female given name) Hikari; (female given name) Haruka; (female given name) Noa; (surname) Sorasaki; (female given name) Sora; (female given name) Sukai; (female given name) Shieru; (personal name) Kuukai; (surname, female given name) Kuu; (female given name) Kanata; (female given name) Kasumi; (female given name) Urue; (surname, female given name) Aki; (female given name) Aoi
śūnya, empty, void, hollow, vacant, nonexistent. śūnyatā, 舜若多, vacuity, voidness, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, perhaps spirituality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, the seeming 假 being unreal. The doctrine that all phenomena and the ego have no reality, but are composed of a certain number of skandhas or elements, which disintegrate. The void, the sky, space. The universal, the absolute, complete abstraction without relativity. There are classifications into 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, 16, and 18 categories. The doctrine is that all things are compounds, or unstable organisms, possessing no self-essence, i.e. are dependent, or caused, come into existence only to perish. The underlying reality, the principle of eternal relativity, or non-infinity, i.e. śūnya, permeates all phenomena making possible their evolution. From this doctrine the Yogācārya school developed the idea of the permanent reality, which is Essence of Mind, the unknowable noumenon behind all phenomena, the entity void of ideas and phenomena, neither matter nor mind, but the root of both.

see styles
Mandarin shēn / shen1
Taiwan shen
Japanese mi / み
Chinese body; life; oneself; personally; one's morality and conduct; the main part of a structure or body; pregnant; classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset; Kangxi radical 158
Japanese (1) body; (2) oneself; (3) one's place; one's position; (4) main part; meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.); wood (as opposed to bark); blade (as opposed to its handle); container (as opposed to its lid); (surname) Misaki
kāya; tanu; deha. The body; the self.; Two forms of body; there are numerous pairs, e. g. (1) (a) 分段身 The varied forms of the karmic or ordinary mortal body, or being; (b) 變易身 the transformable, or spiritual body. (2) (a) 生身 The earthly body of the Buddha; (b) 化身 hinirmāṇakāya, which may take any form at will. (3) (a) 生身 his earthly body; (b) 法身 his moral and mental nature—a Hīnayāna definition, but Mahāyāna takes his earthly nirmāṇakāya as the 生身 and his dharmakāya or that and his saṃbhogakāya as 法身. (4) 眞應二身 The dharmakāya and nirmāṇakāya. (5) (a) 實相身 The absolute truth, or light, of the Buddha, i. e. the dharmakāya; (b) 爲物身 the functioning or temporal body. (6) (a) 眞身 the dharmakāya and saṃbhogakāya; (b) 化身 the nirmāṇakāya. (7) (a) 常身 his permanent or eternal body; (b) 無常身 his temporal body. (8) (a) 實身 and 化身 idem 二色身.


see styles
Mandarin/ ti3
Taiwan t`i / ti
Japanese tai
Chinese body; form; style; system; substance; to experience; aspect (linguistics)
Body, limbs; corpus, corporeal; the substance, the essentials; to show respect to, accord with.

see styles
Mandarin guǐ / gui3
Taiwan kuei
Japanese oni(p);ki / おに(P);き
Chinese ghost; demon; terrible; damnable; clever; sly; crafty; (suffix for sb with a certain vice or addiction etc); one of the 28 constellations
Japanese (1) oni; ogre; demon; (2) (See 亡魂) spirit of a deceased person; (3) (おに only) ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.); (4) (おに only) (See 鬼ごっこ・おにごっこ) it (in a game of tag, hide-and-seek, etc.); (5) (き only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (prefix) (6) (おに only) (slang) (See 超・1) very; extremely; super-; (surname) Miniwa; (surname) Kisaragi; (surname) Oniyanagi; (personal name) Onikatsu; (surname) Oni
preta 薜荔多, departed, dead; a disembodied spirit, dead person, ghost; a demon, evil being; especially a 餓鬼 hungry ghost. They are of many kinds. The Fan-i ming i classifies them as poor, medium, and rich; each again thrice subdivided: (1) (a) with mouths like burning torches; (b) throats no bigger than needles; (c) vile breath, disgusting to themselves; (2) (a) needle-haired, self-piercing; (b) hair sharp and stinking; (c) having great wens on whose pus they must feed. (3) (a) living on the remains of sacrifices; (b) on leavings in general; (c) powerful ones, yakṣas, rākṣasas, piśācas, etc. All belong to the realm of Yama, whence they are sent everywhere, consequently are ubiquitous in every house, lane, market, mound, stream, tree, etc.

修養


修养

see styles
Mandarin xiū yǎng / xiu1 yang3
Taiwan hsiu yang
Japanese shuuyou / shuyo / しゅうよう
Chinese accomplishment; training; self-cultivation
Japanese (noun/participle) self-improvement; (mental) training; self-discipline; cultivation
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

克己

see styles
Japanese kokki / こっき
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) self denial; self control; (given name) Yoshimi; (given name) Kokki; (surname, given name) Katsumi; (female given name) Katsuki

威德

see styles
Mandarin wēi dé / wei1 de2
Taiwan wei te
Japanese itoku
Chinese powerful benevolent rule
Of respect-inspiring virtue; dignified; authoritative power

尊敬

see styles
Mandarin zūn jìng / zun1 jing4
Taiwan tsun ching
Japanese sonkei / sonke / そんけい
Chinese to respect; to revere
Japanese (noun/participle) respect; esteem; reverence; honour; honor; (given name) Sonkyou

愛敬


爱敬

see styles
Mandarin ài jìng / ai4 jing4
Taiwan ai ching
Japanese aigyou;aikei / aigyo;aike / あいぎょう;あいけい
Japanese (noun/participle) (archaism) love and respect; (personal name) Aitaka; (surname) Aikei; (surname) Aikiyou; (surname) Aikyou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

我慢

see styles
Mandarin wǒ màn / wo3 man4
Taiwan wo man
Japanese gaman / がまん
Japanese (noun/participle) patience; endurance; perseverance; tolerance; self-control; self-denial; (surname) Gaman
abhimāna, ātma-mada. Egoism exalting self and depreciating others; self-intoxication, pride; identity

拳法

see styles
Mandarin quán fǎ / quan2 fa3
Taiwan ch`üan fa / chüan fa
Japanese kenpou / kenpo / けんぽう
Chinese boxing; fighting technique
Japanese Chinese art of self-defence (defense)

捨己


舍己

see styles
Mandarin shě jǐ / she3 ji3
Taiwan she chi
Japanese sutemi / すてみ    suteki / すてき
Chinese selfless; self-sacrifice (to help others); self-renunciation; altruism
Japanese (given name) Sutemi; (given name) Suteki

敬愛


敬爱

see styles
Mandarin jìng ài / jing4 ai4
Taiwan ching ai
Japanese keiai / keai / けいあい
Chinese respect and love
Japanese (noun/participle) respect and affection; (personal name) Yoshinari; (male given name) Takayoshi; (personal name) Takae; (personal name) Atsue
Reverence and love; reverent love; beloved

正念

see styles
Mandarin nian  / nian4 
Taiwan nian 
Japanese shounen / shonen / しょうねん
Chinese correct mindfulness (buddhism)
Japanese (1) {Buddh} (See 八正道) right mindfulness; (2) true faith (in rebirth in the promised land); (place-name) Shounen
samyak-smṛti, right remembrance, the seventh of the 八正道; 'right mindfullness, the looking on the body and the spirit in such a way as to remain ardent, self-possessed and mindful, having overcome both hankering and dejection. ' Keith; correct mindfulness

武術

see styles
Mandarin wǔ shù / wu3 shu4
Taiwan wu shu
Japanese bujutsu / ぶじゅつ
Chinese military skill or technique (in former times); all kinds of martial art sports (some claiming spiritual development); self-defense; tradition of choreographed fights from opera and film (recent usage); also called kungfu 功夫; CL:種|种[zhong3]
Japanese (1) {MA} martial arts; military arts; (2) (See 武術太極拳) wushu; modern sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts

無我


无我

see styles
Mandarin wú wǒ / wu2 wo3
Taiwan wu wo
Japanese muga / むが
Chinese anatta (Buddhist concept of "non-self")
Japanese (1) selflessness; self-effacement; self-renunciation; (2) {Buddh} anatta; anatman; doctrine that states that humans do not possess souls; (female given name) Muga
anātman; nairātmya; no ego, no soul (of an independent and self-contained character), impersonal, no individual independent existence (of conscious or unconscious beings, anātmaka). The empirical ego is merely an aggregation of various elements, and with their disintegration it ceases to exist; therefore it has nm ultimate reality of its own, but the Nirvāṇa Sūtra asserts the reality of the ego in the transcendental realm. The non-Buddhist definition of ego is that it has permanent individuality 常一之體 and is independent or sovereign 有主宰之用. When applied to men it is 人我, when to things it is 法我. Cf. 常 11; no-self

独立

see styles
Japanese dokuritsu / どくりつ Japanese (adj-na,n,vs) independence (e.g. Independence Day); self-support

空無


空无

see styles
Mandarin kōng wú / kong1 wu2
Taiwan k`ung wu / kung wu
Japanese kūmu
Unreality, or immateriality, of things, which is defined as nothing existing of independent or self-contained nature; emptiness

節制

see styles
Mandarin jié zhì / jie2 zhi4
Taiwan chieh chih
Japanese sessei / sesse / せっせい
Chinese to control; to restrict; to moderate; to temper; moderation; sobriety; to administer
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) moderation; self-restraint; temperance

純情

see styles
Mandarin chún qíng / chun2 qing2
Taiwan ch`un ch`ing / chun ching
Japanese junjou / junjo / じゅんじょう
Chinese pure and innocent; a pure heart
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) pure heart; naivete; self-sacrificing devotion

自信

see styles
Mandarin zì xìn / zi4 xin4
Taiwan tzu hsin
Japanese jishin / じしん
Chinese to have confidence in oneself; self-confidence
Japanese (noun/participle) self-confidence; confidence (in oneself); (surname) Jishin

自制

see styles
Mandarin zì zhì / zi4 zhi4
Taiwan tzu chih
Japanese jisei / jise / じせい
Chinese to maintain self-control; self-control
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) self control; self restraint

自力

see styles
Mandarin zì lì / zi4 li4
Taiwan tzu li
Japanese jiriki(p);jiryoku / じりき(P);じりょく
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) by oneself; self-made; (place-name) Jiriki
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

自尊

see styles
Mandarin zì zūn / zi4 zun1
Taiwan tzu tsun
Japanese jison / じそん
Chinese self-respect; self-esteem; ego; pride
Japanese self-respect; esteem; self-importance; pride

自強

see styles
Mandarin zì qiáng / zi4 qiang2
Taiwan tzu ch`iang / tzu chiang
Japanese jikyou / jikyo / じきょう
Chinese to strive for self-improvement
Japanese (noun/participle) strenuous effort

自律

see styles
Mandarin zì lǜ / zi4 lu:4
Taiwan tzu lü
Japanese jiritsu / じりつ
Chinese self-discipline; self-regulation; autonomy (ethics); autonomic (physiology)
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) (See 他律) autonomy (philosophy); (2) self-control

自恃

see styles
Mandarin zì shì / zi4 shi4
Taiwan tzu shih
Chinese self-esteem; self-reliance; overconfident; conceited

自愛


自爱

see styles
Mandarin zì ài / zi4 ai4
Taiwan tzu ai
Japanese jiai / じあい
Chinese self-respect; self-love; self-regard; regard for oneself; to cherish one's good name; to take good care of one's health
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) taking care of oneself (esp. used as an epistolary imperative); (2) self-love
Self-love, cause of all pursuit or seeking, which in turn causes all suffering. All Buddhas put away self-love and all pursuit, or seeking, such elimination being nirvāṇa.

自然

see styles
Mandarin ran  / ran2 
Taiwan ran 
Japanese shizen / しぜん
Chinese nature; natural; naturally
Japanese (1) nature; (noun or adjectival noun) (2) natural; spontaneous; (adv,adv-to) (3) naturally; spontaneously; (female given name) Minori; (female given name) Mizuki; (female given name) Neito; (given name) Jinen; (surname, given name) Shizen; (female given name) Kokoro
svayaṃbhū, also 自爾; 法爾 self-existing, the self-existent; Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and others; in Chinese it is 'self-so', so of itself, natural, of course, spontaneous. It also means uncaused existence, certain sects of heretics 自然外道 denying Buddhist cause and effect and holding that things happen spontaneously.

自由

see styles
Mandarin zì yóu / zi4 you2
Taiwan tzu yu
Japanese jiyuu / jiyu / じゆう
Chinese freedom; free; liberty; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (exp,adj-na,n) freedom; liberty; as it pleases you; (male given name) Yoriyoshi; (female given name) Miyu; (female given name) Jiyuu; (female given name) Shiori
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

自省

see styles
Mandarin zì xǐng / zi4 xing3
Taiwan tzu hsing
Japanese jisei / jise / じせい
Chinese to examine oneself; to reflect on one's shortcomings; introspection; self-awareness; self-criticism
Japanese (noun/participle) self-examination; reflection; (given name) Jisei

自衛

see styles
Mandarin zì wèi / zi4 wei4
Taiwan tzu wei
Japanese jiei / jie / じえい
Chinese self-defense
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) self-defense; self-defence

見性


见性

see styles
Mandarin jiàn xìng / jian4 xing4
Taiwan chien hsing
Japanese kenshou / kensho / けんしょう
Japanese self-awareness; consciousness of one's own character
To behold the Buddha-nature within oneself, a common saying of the Chan (Zen) or Intuitive School; to see the (buddha-)nature

謙虛

see styles
Mandarin qiān xū / qian1 xu1
Taiwan ch`ien hsü / chien hsü
Chinese modest; self-effacing; to make modest remarks

一匹狼

see styles
Japanese ippikiookami / いっぴきおおかみ
Japanese lone wolf; loner; self-reliant person

尊敬心

see styles
Japanese sonkeishin / sonkeshin / そんけいしん
Japanese respect

平常心

see styles
Mandarin píng cháng xīn / ping2 chang2 xin1
Taiwan p`ing ch`ang hsin / ping chang hsin
Japanese heijoushin / hejoshin / へいじょうしん
Japanese one's self-possession; one's presence of mind
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

自信心

see styles
Mandarin zì xìn xīn / zi4 xin4 xin1
Taiwan tzu hsin hsin
Chinese self-confidence

自尊心

see styles
Mandarin zì zūn xīn / zi4 zun1 xin1
Taiwan tzu tsun hsin
Japanese jisonshin / じそんしん
Chinese self-respect; self-esteem; ego
Japanese (spirit of) self-respect; self-importance; conceit; pride

自意識

see styles
Japanese jiishiki / jishiki / じいしき Japanese self-consciousness

和敬清寂

see styles
Japanese wakeiseijaku / wakesejaku / わけいせいじゃく
Japanese (yoji) harmony, respect, purity and tranquility; the four most important elements of the tea ceremony

波多黎各

see styles
Mandarin bō duō lí gè / bo1 duo1 li2 ge4
Taiwan po to li ko
Chinese Puerto Rico, self-governing unincorporated territory of the United States

泰然自若

see styles
Mandarin tài rán zì ruò / tai4 ran2 zi4 ruo4
Taiwan t`ai jan tzu jo / tai jan tzu jo
Japanese taizenjijaku / たいぜんじじゃく
Chinese cool and collected (idiom); showing no sign of nerves; perfectly composed
Japanese (adj-t,adv-to) (yoji) having presence of mind; self-possessed; imperturbable; calm and self-possessed

自己抑制

see styles
Japanese jikoyokusei / jikoyokuse / じこよくせい
Japanese (noun/participle) (yoji) self-restraint; self-control; self-repression; abstinence; self-inhibition; autogenic inhibition; autogenous suppression

自強不息

see styles
Mandarin zì qiáng bù xī / zi4 qiang2 bu4 xi1
Taiwan tzu ch`iang pu hsi / tzu chiang pu hsi
Chinese to strive unremittingly; self-improvement

see styles
Mandarin pèi / pei4
Taiwan p`ei / pei
Japanese hai / はい
Chinese to respect; to wear (belt etc)
Japanese (1) ancient oriental belt decoration; (suf,ctr) (2) counter for swords
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ qu3
Taiwan ch`ü / chü
Japanese shu / しゅ
Chinese to take; to get; to choose; to fetch
Japanese {Buddh} (See 十二因縁) appropriation; obtaining; (surname) Takadori; (surname) Takatoru; (surname) Kuwatori
upādāna. To grasp, hold on to, held by, be attached to, love; used as indicating both 愛 love or desire and 煩惱 the vexing passions and illusions. It is one of the twelve nidānas 十二因緣 or 十二支 the grasping at or holding on to self-existence and things; to obtain

see styles
Mandarin zūn / zun1
Taiwan tsun
Japanese son / そん
Chinese senior; of a senior generation; to honor; to respect; honorific; classifier for cannons and statues; ancient wine vessel
Japanese (1) zun (ancient Chinese wine vessel, usu. made of bronze); (prefix) (2) (archaism) (honorific or respectful language) honorific prefix referring to the listener; (suf,ctr) (3) counter for buddhas; (female given name) Mikoto; (personal name) Makoto; (female given name) Takeru; (given name) Takeshi; (given name) Takashi; (given name) Son
To honour. ārya; honoured, honourable; to honor

see styles
Mandarin/ ji3
Taiwan chi
Japanese ki;tsuchinoto / き;つちのと    ora;ura / おら;うら    ono;onu / おの;おぬ    odore;ondore / おどれ;おんどれ
Chinese self; oneself; sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1]; sixth in order; letter "F" or roman "VI" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; hexa
Japanese 6th in rank; sixth sign of the Chinese calendar; (pronoun) (kana only) (masculine speech) (archaism) (also written 俺 and 俺ら) (See 俺・おれ) I; me; (pronoun) (1) oneself; myself; (2) I; (3) (derogatory term) you; (pn,adj-no) (kana only) (derogatory term) (See おのれ・3) you; (place-name) Ki
Self, personal, own.

see styles
Mandarin xìng / xing4
Taiwan hsing
Japanese sei / se / せい    shou / sho / しょう
Chinese nature; character; property; quality; attribute; sexuality; sex; gender; suffix forming adjective from verb; suffix forming noun from adjective, corresponding to -ness or -ity; essence; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (1) nature (of a person); (2) sex; (3) gender; (suffix) (4) (indicating quality or condition) -ty; -ity; -ness; -cy; (n,n-suf) (1) nature (of a person or thing); (2) {Buddh} that which does not change according to external influences; (surname) Shou
svabhāva, prakṛti, pradhāna. The nature intp. as embodied, causative, unchanging; also as independent or self-dependent; fundamental nature behind the manifestation or expression. Also, the Buddha-nature immanent in all beings, the Buddha heart or mind.

see styles
Mandarin/ zi4
Taiwan tzu
Japanese shi / ほしいまま
Chinese to abandon restraint; to do as one pleases; comfortable (dialect)
Japanese (adjectival noun) (kana only) selfish; self-indulgent; arbitrary
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin gōng / gong1
Taiwan kung
Japanese yuki / ゆき    yasushi / やすし    chika / ちか    tadashi / ただし    takashi / たかし    kiyou / kiyo / きよう    kyouji / kyoji / きょうじ    kyou / kyo / きょう
Chinese respectful
Japanese (female given name) Yuki; (given name) Yasushi; (female given name) Chika; (given name) Tadashi; (given name) Takashi; (personal name) Kiyou; (personal name) Kyouji; (female given name) Kyou
Respect, reverence; to revere

see styles
Mandarin zhé / zhe2
Taiwan che
Chinese to respect; old variant of 哲[zhe2]; philosophy; wisdom; intuitive knowledge; to revere

see styles
Mandarin/ ti4
Taiwan t`i / ti
Japanese tei / te / てい
Chinese to do one's duty as a younger brother
Japanese (1) respect for one's elders; (2) harmony among siblings; (given name) Yasushi; (personal name) Tomo; (personal name) Teiji; (female given name) Tei; (personal name) Dai; (given name) Sunao
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ ti4
Taiwan t`i / ti
Chinese respect, regard; to stand in awe of, to be alarmed

see styles
Japanese etsu / えつ Japanese self-satisfaction; rejoicing; (female given name) Yoroko; (surname, female given name) Etsu; (female given name) Ayuka

see styles
Mandarin màn / man4
Taiwan man
Japanese man
Chinese slow
māna. Pride, arrogance, self-conceit, looking down on others, supercilious, etc.; there are categories of seven and nine kinds of pride.

see styles
Mandarin jiāo / jiao1
Taiwan chiao
Japanese kyō
Chinese arrogant
Boastful, bragging; self-indulgent; indulgent; translit. ko, kau, go, gau; cf. 瞿, 倶, 拘, 巨; haughtiness

see styles
Mandarin/ wo3
Taiwan wo
Japanese ga / が
Chinese I; me; my
Japanese (1) {Buddh} obstinacy; (2) atman; the self; the ego
I, my, mine; the ego, the master of the body, compared to the ruler of a country. Composed of the five skandhas and hence not a permanent entity. It is used for ātman, the self, personality. Buddhism takes as a fundamental dogma 無我, i.e. no 常我, no permanent ego, only recognizing a temporal or functional ego. The erroneous idea of a permanent self continued in reincarnation is the source of all illusion. But the Nirvana Sutra definitely asserts a permanent ego in the transcendental world, above the range of reincarnation; and the trend of Mahāyāna supports such permanence; v. 常我樂淨.

see styles
Mandarin jiè / jie4
Taiwan chieh
Japanese kai;ingoto(ok) / かい;いんごと(ok)
Chinese to guard against; to exhort; to admonish or warn; to give up or stop doing something; Buddhist monastic discipline; ring (for a finger)
Japanese (1) (かい only) {Buddh} admonition; commandment; (2) sila (precept)
śīla, 尸羅. Precept, command, prohibition, discipline, rule; morality. It is applied to the five, eight, ten, 250, and other commandments. The five are: (1) not to kill; (2 ) not to steal; (3) not to commit adultery; (4) not to speak falsely; (5) not to drink wine. These are the commands for lay disciples; those who observe them will be reborn in the human realm. The Sarvāstivādins did not sanction the observance of a limited selection from them as did the 成實宗 Satyasiddhi school. Each of the five precepts has five guardian spirits, in all twenty-five, 五戒二十五神. The eight for lay disciples are the above five together with Nos. 7, 8, and 9 of the following; the ten commands for the ordained, monks and nuns, are the above five with the following: (6) not to use adornments of flowers, nor perfumes; (7) not to perform as an actor, juggler, acrobat, or go to watch and hear them; (8) not to sit on elevated, broad, and large divans (or beds); (9) not to eat except in regulation hours; (10) not to possess money, gold or silver, or precious things. The 具足戒full commands for a monk number 250, those for a nun are 348, commonly called 500. Śīla is also the first of the 五分法身, i.e. a condition above all moral error. The Sutra of Brahma's Net has the following after the first five: (6) not to speak of the sins of those in orders; (7) not to vaunt self and depreciate others; (8) not to be avaricious; (9) not to be angry; (10) not to slander the triratna.

see styles
Mandarin dài / dai4
Taiwan tai
Japanese dai / だい    tai / たい    itadaki / いただき
Chinese to put on or wear (glasses, hat, gloves etc); to respect; to bear; to support; surname Dai
Japanese (personal name) Dai; (surname) Tai; (surname) Itadaki
To wear (on the head); to bear, sustain.

see styles
Mandarin bài / bai4
Taiwan pai
Japanese hai / はい
Chinese to pay respect; worship; visit; salute
Japanese (personal name) Hai
Pay respect (with the hands), worship: the forms of bowing and heeling are meticulously regulated; to worship

see styles
Mandarin bài / bai4
Taiwan pai
Japanese hai / はい
Chinese Japanese variant of 拜[bai4]
Japanese (1) bowing one's head (in respect or worship); worship; (suffix noun) (2) (honorific or respectful language) (after one's own name at the end of a letter) respectfully yours; (surname) Haizaki; (surname) Hai; (surname) Ogami


see styles
Mandarin shě / she3
Taiwan she
Japanese sha
Chinese to give up; to abandon; to give alms
upekṣā, neglect, indifference, abandoning, M.W. To relinquish, renounce, abandon, reject, give. One of the chief Buddhist virtues, that of renunciation, leading to a state of "indifference without pleasure or pain" (Keith), or independence of both. v. 舍. It is defined as the mind 平等 in equilibrium, i.e. above the distinction of things or persons, of self or others; indifferent, having abandoned the world and all things and having no affections or desires. One of the seven bodhyaṅgas. Translit. sa, śa, s(r); to abandon

see styles
Mandarin shàn / shan4
Taiwan shan
Japanese hoshiimama / hoshimama / ほしいまま
Chinese without authority; to usurp; to arrogate to oneself; to monopolize; expert in; to be good at
Japanese (adjectival noun) (kana only) selfish; self-indulgent; arbitrary

see styles
Mandarin jìng / jing4
Taiwan ching
Japanese kei / ke / けい
Chinese to respect; to venerate; to salute; to offer
Japanese reverence; respect; (female given name) Yuki; (female given name) Megu; (given name) Hiroshi; (male given name) Takashi; (male given name) Satoshi; (personal name) Keiji; (m,f) Kei; (female given name) Aki
Reverence, respect; respect, honor, revere, venerate (Skt. gaurava)

see styles
Mandarin páng / pang2
Taiwan p`ang / pang
Japanese tsukuri / つくり
Chinese beside; one side; other; side; self; the right-hand side of split Chinese character, often the phonetic
Japanese (e.g. 形 の 彡) (See 偏) right-hand radical of a character
A side, beside, adjoining, near.


see styles
Mandarin/ wu1
Taiwan wu
Japanese yogore;yogore / よごれ;ヨゴレ
Chinese variant of 污[wu1]
Japanese (kana only) (See 汚鮫・よごれざめ,オーシャニックホワイトティップシャーク) oceanic whitetip shark (Carcharhinus longimanus)
Filthy, impure. kleśa; contamination of attachment to the pleasures of sense, to heretical views, to moral and ascetic practices regarded as adequate to salvation, to the belief in the self, all which cause misery.; Impure; to defile; stain

see styles
Japanese pochi;potsu / ぽち;ぽつ    ten / てん    chobo;chobo / ちょぼ;チョボ Japanese (1) (kana only) dot; point; mark; (2) (ぽち only) (kana only) (ksb:) tip; gratuity; (suffix) (3) (ぽち only) (kana only) (often as っぽち) (See ぽっち・1) a little; paltry; piddling; mere; (n,n-suf) (1) spot; mark; (2) point; dot; (3) mark (e.g. in exam); score; points; (4) comma; (5) aspect; matter; respect; (counter) (6) counter for goods, items, articles of clothing, works of art, etc.; (1) (kana only) dot; point; mark; (2) (kana only) (See 義太夫) gidayuu musicians (in kabuki); (female given name) Tomoru; (personal name) Tomosu

see styles
Mandarin zòng / zong4
Taiwan tsung
Japanese muneo / むねお    norio / のりお
Chinese old variant of 縱|纵[zong4]
Japanese (adverb) (kana only) even if; (adjectival noun) (kana only) selfish; self-indulgent; arbitrary; (1) the vertical; height; (2) front-to-back; length; (3) north-to-south; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (4) vertical (relationship); hierarchy; (5) (weaving) warp; (personal name) Muneo; (personal name) Norio

see styles
Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Japanese yoku / よく
Chinese assist; ready to fly; respect
Japanese (personal name) Yoku

see styles
Mandarin/ si4
Taiwan ssu
Japanese shi / ほしいまま
Chinese four (banker's anti-fraud numeral); unrestrained; wanton; (literary) shop
Japanese (adjectival noun) (kana only) selfish; self-indulgent; arbitrary; (numeric) four
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ zi4
Taiwan tzu
Japanese ji;koro(ok) / じ;ころ(ok)
Chinese self; oneself; from; since; naturally; surely
Japanese (prefix) (1) self-; (2) (じ only) (See 至) from ...; (3) (じ only) this ... (in contrast to some other ...); aforementioned; (female given name) Mizu; (surname) Satsuka
sva, svayam; the self, one' s own, personal; of itself, naturally, of course; also, from (i. e. from the self as central). 自 is used as the opposite of 他 another, other's, etc., e. g. 自力 (in) one's own strength as contrasted with 他力 the strength of another, especially in the power to save of a Buddha or Bodhisattva. It is also used in the sense of ātman 阿怛摩 the self, or the soul.


see styles
Mandarin chù / chu4
Taiwan ch`u / chu
Japanese tokoro / ところ
Chinese place; location; spot; point; office; department; bureau; respect; classifier for locations or items of damage: spot, point; to reside; to live; to dwell; to be in; to be situated at; to stay; to get along with; to be in a position of; to deal with; to discipline; to punish
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (n,suf) (1) place; spot; scene; site; (2) (kana only) address; (3) (kana only) district; area; locality; (4) (kana only) one's house; (5) (kana only) point; aspect; side; facet; (6) (kana only) passage (in text); part; (7) (kana only) space; room; (8) (kana only) thing; matter; (9) (kana only) whereupon; as a result; (10) (kana only) about to; on the verge of; (11) (kana only) was just doing; was in the process of doing; have just done; just finished doing; (surname) Tokoro
To dwell, abide; fix, decide, punish; a place, state. āyatana, 阿耶怛那, also tr. 入, place or entrance of the sense, both the organ and the sensation, or sense datum; hence the 十二處 twelve āyatana, i. e. six organs, and six sense data that enter for discrimination.

see styles
Mandarin zhuǎi / zhuai3
Taiwan chuai
Chinese to waddle; to swagger; (coll.) strutting; self-satisfied

see styles
Mandarin/ ru4
Taiwan ju
Japanese joku / はじ
Chinese disgrace; dishonor; to insult; to bring disgrace or humiliation to; to be indebted to; self-deprecating; Taiwan pr. [ru4]
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) shame; embarrassment; disgrace
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin tōng / tong1
Taiwan t`ung / tung
Japanese tsuu / tsu / つう
Chinese classifier for an activity, taken in its entirety (tirade of abuse, stint of music playing, bout of drinking etc); to go through; to know well; (suffix) expert; to connect; to communicate; open; to clear; classifier for letters, telegrams, phone calls etc
Japanese (adj-na,n-suf) (1) connoisseur; authority; (counter) (2) counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.; (given name) Michiaki; (surname, female given name) Michi; (given name) Hiraku; (given name) Tooru; (place-name) Toori; (surname) Tsuuzaki; (female given name) Tsuu; (place-name) Kayoi; (female given name) Kayo; (personal name) Ikariya
Permeate, pass through, pervade; perceive, know thoroughly; communicate; current; free, without hindrance, unimpeded universal; e.g. 神通 supernatural, ubiquitous powers. There are categories of 五通, 六通, and 十通, all referring to supernatural powers; the five are (1) knowledge of the supernatural world; (2) deva vision; (3) deva hearing; (4) knowledge of the minds of all others; (5) knowledge of all the transmigrations of self and all others. The six are the above together with perfect wisdom for ending moral hindrance and delusion. The ten are knowing all previous transmigrations, having deva hearing, knowing the minds of others, having deva vision, showing deva powers, manifesting many bodies or forms, being anywhere instantly, power of bringing glory to one's domain, manifesting a body of transformation, and power to end evil and transmigration.


see styles
Mandarin rào / rao4
Taiwan jao
Japanese nyo
Chinese variant of 繞|绕[rao4], to rotate around; to spiral; to move around; to go round (an obstacle); to by-pass; to make a detour
To go round, revolve around, encompass; to pay respect by walking around the object of regard; to circle

see styles
Mandarin/ bi3
Taiwan pi
Japanese hina / ひな
Chinese rustic; low; base; mean; to despise; to scorn
Japanese countryside; rural areas; (female given name) Hina
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Mandarin jià / jia4
Taiwan chia
Japanese kago / かご
Chinese to harness; to draw (a cart etc); to drive; to pilot; to sail; to ride; your good self; prefixed word denoting respect (polite 敬辞); surname Jia
Japanese (place-name) Kago

ます

see styles
Japanese masu / ます Japanese (auxiliary verb) (1) (polite language) (See ませ) used to indicate respect for the listener (or reader); (2) (archaism) (humble language) used to indicate respect for those affected by the action; (female given name) Masu

一我

see styles
Mandarin yī wǒ / yi1 wo3
Taiwan i wo
Japanese ichiga
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

七聖


七圣

see styles
Mandarin qī shèng / qi1 sheng4
Taiwan ch`i sheng / chi sheng
Japanese nanase / ななせ
Japanese (female given name) Nanase
v.七賢, 七聖, 七聖財, saptadhana. The seven sacred graces variously defined, e.g. 信 faith, 戒 observation of the commandments, 聞hearing instruction, 慙 shame (for self), 愧 shame (for others); 捨 renunciation; and慧 wisdom.

三乘

see styles
Mandarin sān chéng / san1 cheng2
Taiwan san ch`eng / san cheng
Japanese minori / みのり
Japanese (surname) Minori
Triyāna, the three vehicles, or conveyances which carry living beings across saṁsāra or mortality (births-and-deaths) to the shores of nirvāṇa. The three are styled 小,中, and 大. Sometimes the three vehicles are defined as 聲聞 Śrāvaka, that of the hearer or obedient disciple; 緣覺Pratyeka-buddha, that of the enlightened for self; these are described as 小乘 because the objective of both is personal salvation; the third is 菩薩Bodhisattva, or 大乘 Mahāyāna, because the objective is the salvation of all the living. The three are also depicted as 三車 three wains, drawn by a goat, a deer, an ox. The Lotus declares that the three are really the One Buddha-vehicle, which has been revealed in three expedient forms suited to his disciples' capacity, the Lotus Sūtra being the unifying, complete, and final exposition. The Three Vehicles are differently explained by different exponents, e.g. (1) Mahāyāna recognizes (a) Śrāvaka, called Hīnayāna, leading in longer or shorter periods to arhatship; (b) Pratyeka-buddha, called Madhyamayāna, leading after still longer or shorter periods to a Buddhahood ascetically attained and for self; (c) Bodhisattva, called Mahayana, leading after countless ages of self-sacrifce in saving others and progressive enlightenment to ultimate Buddhahood. (2) Hīnayāna is also described as possessing three vehicles 聲, 緣, 菩 or 小, 中, 大, the 小 and 中 conveying to personal salvation their devotees in ascetic dust and ashes and mental annihilation, the 大 leading to bodhi, or perfect enlightenment, and the Buddha's way. Further definitions of the Triyāna are: (3) True bodhisattva teaching for the 大; pratyeka-buddha without ignorant asceticism for the 中; and śrāvaka with ignorant asceticism for the 小. (4) (a) 一乘 The One-Vehicle which carries all to Buddhahood: of this the 華嚴 Hua-yen and 法華 Fa-hua are typical exponents; (b) 三乘法 the three-vehicle, containing practitioners of all three systems, as expounded in books of the 深密般若; (c) 小乘 the Hīnayāna pure and simple as seen in the 四阿合經 Four Āgamas. Śrāvakas are also described as hearers of the Four Truths and limited to that degree of development; they hear from the pratyeka-buddhas, who are enlightened in the Twelve Nidānas 因緣; the bodhisattvas make the 六度 or six forms of transmigration their field of sacrificial saving work, and of enlightenment. The Lotus Sūtra really treats the 三乘. Three Vehicles as 方便 or expedient ways, and offers a 佛乘 Buddha Vehicle as the inclusive and final vehicle.

三修

see styles
Mandarin sān xiū / san1 xiu1
Taiwan san hsiu
Japanese san shū
The three ways of discipline, i.e. three śrāvaka and three bodhisattva ways. The three śrāvaka ways are 無常修 no realization of the eternal, seeing everything as transient; 非樂修 joyless, through only contemplating misery and not realizing the ultimate nirvāṇa-joy; 無我修 non-ego discipline, seeing only the perishing self and not realizing the immortal self. The bodhisattva three are the opposite of these; three ways of cultivation

三族

see styles
Mandarin sān zú / san1 zu2
Taiwan san tsu
Japanese sanzoku / さんぞく
Chinese (old) three generations (father, self and sons); three clans (your own, your mother's, your wife's)
Japanese three types of relatives (e.g. father, children and grandchildren; parents, siblings, wife and children; etc.)

三明

see styles
Mandarin sān míng / san1 ming2
Taiwan san ming
Japanese sanmyou / sanmyo / さんみょう
Chinese Sanming prefecture level city in Fujian
Japanese {Buddh} (See 宿命通,天眼通,漏尽通) three kinds of awareness; (surname, given name) Mitsuaki; (surname) Miake; (surname) Miaki; (place-name) Sanmei; (place-name) Sanmyou; (surname) Kazuaki
The three insights; also 三達. Applied to Buddhas they are called 三達, to arhats 三明. (a) 宿命明 Insight into the mortal conditions of self and others in previous lives; (b) 天眼明 supernatural insight into future mortal conditions; (c) 漏盡明 nirvāṇa insight, i.e. into present mortal sufferings so as to overcome aIl passions or temptations. In the 倶舍論 27 the three are termed 住智識證明; 死生識證明 and 漏盡識證明. For 三明經 v. 長阿含16.

三疑

see styles
Mandarin sān yí / san1 yi2
Taiwan san i
Japanese sangi
The three doubts— of self, of teacher, of the dharma-truth.

三空

see styles
Mandarin sān kōng / san1 kong1
Taiwan san k`ung / san kung
Japanese sankū
The three voids or immaterialities. The first set of three is (a) 空, (b) 無相, (c) 無願, v. 三三昧. The second, (a) 我空 , (b) 法空 , (c) 倶空 the self, things, all phenomena as "empty" or immaterial. The third relates to charity: (a) giver, (b) receiver, (c) gift, all are "empty"; three levels of apprehension of emptiness

三自

see styles
Mandarin sān zì / san1 zi4
Taiwan san tzu
Japanese sanji
Chinese abbr. for 三自愛國教會|三自爱国教会[San1 zi4 Ai4 guo2 Jiao4 hui4], Three-Self Patriotic Movement
Three divisions of the eight-fold noble path, the first to the third 自調 self-control, the fourth and fifth 自淨 self-purification, the last three 自度 self-development in the religious life and in wisdom. Also 自體, 自相, 自用 substance, form, and function.

三覺


三觉

see styles
Mandarin sān jué / san1 jue2
Taiwan san chüeh
Japanese sankaku
The three kinds of enlightenment: (1) (a) 自覺 Enlightenment for self; (b) 覺他 for others; (c) 覺行圓 (or 窮) 滿 perfect enlightenment and accomplishment; the first is an arhat's, the first and second a bodhisattva's, all three a Buddha's. (2) From the Awakening of Faith 起信論 (a) 本覺 inherent, potential enlightenment or intelligence of every being; (b) 始覺 , initial, or early stages of such enlightenment, brought about through the external perfuming or influence of teaching, working on the internal perfuming of subconscious intelligence; (c) 究竟覺 completion of enlightenment, the subjective mind in perfect accord with the subconscious (or superconscious) mind, or the inherent intelligence.

三輪


三轮

see styles
Mandarin sān lún / san1 lun2
Taiwan san lun
Japanese sanrin / さんりん
Japanese three wheels; (p,s,f) Miwa; (place-name, surname) Minowa; (surname) Mitsuwa; (surname) Mitsurin; (surname) Sanwa; (surname) Sanrin
The three wheels: (1) The Buddha's (a) 身 body or deeds; (b) 口 mouth, or discourse; (c) 意 mind or ideas. (2) (a) 神通 (or 變) His supernatural powers, or powers of (bodily) self-transformation, associated with 身 body; (b) 記心輪 his discriminating understanding of others, associated with 意 mind; (c) 敎誡輪 or 正敎輪 his (oral) powers of teaching, associated with 口. (3) Similarly (a) 神足輪 ; (b) 說法輪 ; (c) 憶念輪 . (4) 惑, 業, and 苦. The wheel of illusion produces karma, that of karma sets rolling that of suffering, which in turn sets rolling the wheel of illusion. (5) (a) Impermanence; (b) uncleanness; (c) suffering. Cf. 三道.

三障

see styles
Mandarin sān zhàng / san1 zhang4
Taiwan san chang
Japanese sanshō
The three vighna, i.e. hinderers or barriers, of which three groups are given: (1) (a) 煩惱障 the passions, i.e. 三毒 desire, hate, stupidity; (b) 業障 the deeds done; (c) 報障 the retributions. (2) (a) 皮煩惱障 ; (b) 肉煩惱障 ; (c) 心煩惱障 skin, flesh, and heart (or mind) troublers, i.e. delusions from external objects: internal views, and mental ignorance. (3) 三重障 the three weighty obstructions: (a) self-importance, 我慢; (b) envy, 嫉妬; (c) desire, 貧欲; three hindrances

上士

see styles
Mandarin shàng shì / shang4 shi4
Taiwan shang shih
Japanese joushi / joshi / じょうし
Japanese high-ranking retainer of a daimyo (Edo Period)
The superior disciple, who becomes perfect in (spiritually) profiting himself and others. The 中士 profits self but not others; the 下士 neither.

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This page contains 100 results for "self-respect" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary