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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
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Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition


see styles
Mandarin chán / chan2
Taiwan ch`an / chan
Japanese yuzuri / ゆずり    zen / ぜん
Chinese to abdicate; dhyana (Sanskrit); Zen; meditation (Buddhism)
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism); (surname) Yuzuri; (personal name) Zen
To level a place for an altar, to sacrifice to the hills and fountains; to abdicate. Adopted by Buddhists for dhyāna, 禪 or 禪那, i.e. meditation, abstraction, trance. dhyāna is 'meditation, thought, reflection, especially profound and abstract religious contemplation'. M.W. It was intp. as 'getting rid of evil', etc., later as 靜慮 quiet meditation. It is a form of 定, but that word is more closely allied with samādhi, cf. 禪定. The term also connotes Buddhism and Buddhist things in general, but has special application to the 禪宗 q.v. It is one of the six pāramitās, cf. 波. There are numerous methods and subjects of meditation. The eighteen brahmalokas are divided into four dhyāna regions 'corresponding to certain frames of mind where individuals might be reborn in strict accordance with their spiritual state'. The first three are the first dhyāna, the second three the second dhyāna, the third three the third dhyāna, and the remaining nine the fourth dhyāna. See Eitel. According to Childers' Pali Dictionary, 'The four jhānas are four stages of mystic meditation, whereby the believer's mind is purged from all earthly emotions, and detached as it were from his body, which remains plunged in a profound trance.' Seated cross-legged, the practiser 'concentrates his mind upon a single thought. Gradually his soul becomes filled with a supernatural ecstasy and serenity', his mind still reasoning: this is the first jhāna. Concentrating his mind on the same subject, he frees it from reasoning, the ecstasy and serenity remaining, which is the second jhāna. Then he divests himself of ecstasy, reaching the third stage of serenity. Lastly, in the fourth stage the mind becomes indifferent to all emotions, being exalted above them and purified. There are differences in the Mahāyāna methods, but similarity of aim.

捨己


舍己

see styles
Mandarin shě jǐ / she3 ji3
Taiwan she chi
Japanese sutemi / すてみ    suteki / すてき
Chinese selfless; self-sacrifice (to help others); self-renunciation; altruism
Japanese (given name) Sutemi; (given name) Suteki

獻身

see styles
Mandarin xiàn shēn / xian4 shen1
Taiwan hsien shen
Chinese to commit one's energy to; to devote oneself to; to sacrifice one's life for; (coll.) (of a woman) to give one's virginity to

菩薩


菩萨

see styles
Mandarin pú sà / pu2 sa4
Taiwan p`u sa / pu sa
Japanese bosatsu(p);bosachi(ok) / ぼさつ(P);ぼさち(ok)
Chinese Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.

捨生取義


舍生取义

see styles
Mandarin shě shēng qǔ yì / she3 sheng1 qu3 yi4
Taiwan she sheng ch`ü i / she sheng chü i
Chinese to give up life for righteousness (idiom, from Mencius); to choose honor over life; would rather sacrifice one's life than one's principles

see styles
Mandarin/ zu3
Taiwan tsu
Japanese so / そ
Chinese a stand for food at sacrifice
Japanese altar of sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin zhào / zhao4
Taiwan chao
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin míng / ming2
Taiwan ming
Japanese mei / me / めい    min / みん    myou / myo / みょう
Chinese bright; opposite: dark 暗[an4]; (of meaning) clear; to understand; next; public or open; wise; generic term for a sacrifice to the gods; Ming Dynasty (1368-1644); surname Ming; Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝[Yan2 di4] descended from Shennong 神農|神农[Shen2 nong2] Farmer God
Japanese (1) brightness; (2) clarity; acumen; (3) power of vision; Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644); (1) {Buddh} vidya (wisdom); (2) (See 真言・1) mantra; (prefix) (3) the coming (4th of July, etc.); (surname) Meishuu; (female given name) Mei; (given name) Min; (surname) Myoujin; (surname) Myou; (female given name) Hinata; (female given name) Haru; (female given name) Toshi; (given name) Tooru; (female given name) Sayaka; (female given name) Saya; (male given name) Satoshi; (personal name) Asumi; (surname) Akera; (personal name) Akemine; (surname) Akesaki; (place-name, surname) Ake; (female given name) Akuru; (surname) Akiraka; (surname, female given name) Akira; (u
vidyā, knowledge. ming means bright, clear, enlightenment, intp. by 智慧 or 聰明 wisdom, wise; to understand. It represents Buddha-wisdom and its revelation; also the manifestation of a Buddha's light or effulgence; it is a term for 眞言 because the 'true word' can destroy the obscurity of illusion; the 'manifestation' of the power of the object of worship; it means also dhāraṇīs or mantras of mystic wisdom. Also, the Ming dynasty A. D. 1368-1644.

see styles
Mandarin kuǎn / kuan3
Taiwan k`uan / kuan
Chinese (tree); stand for sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin xūn / xun1
Taiwan hsün
Chinese fumes from sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin fán / fan2
Taiwan fan
Chinese burn; to roast meat for sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin láo / lao2
Taiwan lao
Japanese rou / ro / ろう
Chinese firm; sturdy; fold (for animals); sacrifice; prison
Japanese prison; jail; gaol
A gaol, fold, pen; secure, firm; a pen

see styles
Mandarin shēng / sheng1
Taiwan sheng
Japanese suminori / すみのり    sumie / すみえ
Chinese domestic animal; sacrificial animal
Japanese (1) (archaism) offering (to the gods, emperor, etc.); (2) gift; (3) sacrifice; (personal name) Suminori; (personal name) Sumie

see styles
Mandarin/ xi1
Taiwan hsi
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin yuè / yue4
Taiwan yüeh
Chinese pearl used in sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin zhì / zhi4
Taiwan chih
Chinese ancient sacrifice


see styles
Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Chinese bury; sacrifice
To bury, offer in sacrifice.

礿

see styles
Mandarin yuè / yue4
Taiwan yüeh
Chinese spring imperial ancestral sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin/ si4
Taiwan ssu
Japanese ji
Chinese to sacrifice; to offer libation to
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ qu1
Taiwan ch`ü / chü
Chinese sacrifice to drive away calamity; to dispel; to drive away; to remove

see styles
Mandarin/ ci2
Taiwan tz`u / tzu
Japanese shi / ほこら
Chinese shrine; to offer a sacrifice
Japanese (kana only) hokora; small wayside shrine
The spring ancestral sacrifice; the spring; ancestral temple, tablet, etc.

see styles
Mandarin xiá / xia2
Taiwan hsia
Chinese triennial sacrifice to ancestors

see styles
Mandarin/ ji4
Taiwan chi
Japanese matsuri / まつり
Chinese to offer sacrifice; festive occasion; surname Zhai
Japanese festival; feast; (surname, female given name) Matsuri
Sacrifice, sacrificial; sacrifice or make offerings to one's ancestors

see styles
Mandarin yīn / yin1
Taiwan yin
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin méi / mei2
Taiwan mei
Chinese heir-requesting sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin/ di4
Taiwan ti
Chinese imperial ancestral sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin yǒng / yong3
Taiwan yung
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin tǎn / tan3
Taiwan t`an / tan
Chinese sacrifice at the end of mourning

see styles
Mandarin ráng / rang2
Taiwan jang
Japanese jō
Chinese sacrifice for avoiding calamity
To pray to avert.

see styles
Mandarin yuè / yue4
Taiwan yüeh
Chinese spring imperial ancestral sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin fán / fan2
Taiwan fan
Japanese himorogi / ひもろぎ
Chinese cooked meat used in sacrifice
Japanese (archaism) offerings of food (to the gods)


see styles
Mandarin/ la4
Taiwan la
Japanese rou / ro / ろう
Chinese 12th lunar month; preserved (meat, fish etc)
Japanese (1) {Buddh} offering ceremony held on the third day of the dog after the winter solstice; (2) twelfth month of the lunisolar calendar; (3) (See 臈) year in the Buddhist order (after the completion of the first meditation retreat)
Dried flesh; to sacrifice to the gods three days after the winter solstice; the end of the year; a year; a monastic year, i.e. the end of the annual summer retreat, also called 戒臘; 夏臘; 法臘.

see styles
Mandarin xìn / xin4
Taiwan hsin
Chinese variant of 釁|衅; quarrel; dispute; a blood sacrifice (arch.)

see styles
Mandarin jiàn / jian4
Taiwan chien
Japanese susumu / すすむ
Chinese to recommend; to offer sacrifice (arch.); grass; straw mat
Japanese (1) (abbreviation) woven straw mat (orig. made of wild rice leaves); (2) beggar; (3) (archaism) Manchurian wild rice (Zizania latifolia); (given name) Susumu

see styles
Mandarin huō / huo1
Taiwan huo
Japanese hiroshi / ひろし    hiraku / ひらく    tooru / とおる    katsu / かつ    akira / あきら
Chinese clear; open; exempt (from); liberal-minded; opening; stake all; sacrifice; crack; slit; to play Chinese finger-guessing game
Japanese (given name) Hiroshi; (personal name) Hiraku; (given name) Tooru; (given name) Katsu; (personal name) Akira
Open, clear; intelligent.

see styles
Mandarin zhì / zhi4
Taiwan chih
Japanese nie / にえ
Chinese gifts to superiors
Japanese (1) (archaism) offering (to the gods, emperor, etc.); (2) gift; (3) sacrifice; (surname) Nie

see styles
Mandarin/ ba2
Taiwan pa
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin jiào / jiao4
Taiwan chiao
Japanese shō
Chinese to perform sacrifice
Libations or offerings, especially to ancestors; the offerings of All Souls' Day v. 盂 8; emptied, finished.

see styles
Mandarin xìn / xin4
Taiwan hsin
Chinese quarrel; dispute; a blood sacrifice (arch.)

see styles
Mandarin/ yu2
Taiwan
Chinese summer sacrifice for rain

see styles
Mandarin dìng / ding4
Taiwan ting
Chinese display food for show only; sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin jun / jun4
Taiwan chün
Chinese remains of a sacrifice or a meal

七事

see styles
Mandarin qī shì / qi1 shi4
Taiwan ch`i shih / chi shih
Japanese shichiji / しちじ
Chinese the Seven Duties of a sovereign, namely: offering sacrifice 祭祀, giving audience 朝覲|朝觐, administering jointly 會同|会同, receiving guests 賓客|宾客, running army 軍旅|军旅, attending to farm work 田役, mourning ceremonial 喪荒|丧荒
Japanese (abbreviation) (See 七事式・しちじしき) seven tea ceremony procedures of the Senke school

乳木

see styles
Mandarin rǔ mù / ru3 mu4
Taiwan ju mu
Japanese nyūmoku
Resinous wood (for homa, or fire sacrifice); milk-wood

人柱

see styles
Japanese hitobashira / ひとばしら Japanese human pillar; human sacrifice

佛檀

see styles
Mandarin fú tán / fu2 tan2
Taiwan fu t`an / fu tan
Japanese butsudan
buddha-dāna, Buddha-giving contrasted with Māra-giving; Buddha-charity as the motive of giving, or preaching, and of self-sacrifice, or self-immolation; (Skt. buddha-dāna)

供奉

see styles
Mandarin gòng fèng / gong4 feng4
Taiwan kung feng
Japanese gubu / ぐぶ
Chinese to consecrate; to enshrine and worship; an offering (to one's ancestors); a sacrifice (to a God)
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) accompanying; being in attendance on; (2) (abbreviation) (See 内供奉) inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)
To offer; the monk who serves at the great altar; inner offerer

供犠

see styles
Japanese kugi / くぎ Japanese sacrifice; sacrificial animal

俎豆

see styles
Japanese sotou / soto / そとう Japanese ancient altar of sacrifice

六論


六论

see styles
Mandarin liù lùn / liu4 lun4
Taiwan liu lun
Japanese roku ron
The six 外道論 vedāṇgas, works which are 'regarded as auxiliary to and even in some sense as part of the Veda, their object being to secure the proper pronunciation and correctness of the text and the right employment of the Mantras of sacrifice as taught in the Brāhmaṇas '. M. W. They are spoken of together as the 四皮陀六論 four Vedas and six śāstras, and the six are Sikṣā, Chandas, Vyākarana, Nirukta, Jyotiṣa, and Kalpa.

十恩

see styles
Mandarin shí ēn / shi2 en1
Taiwan shih en
Japanese jūon
Ten kinds of the Buddha's grace: his (1) initial resolve to universalize (his salvation); (2) self-sacrifice (in previous lives); (3) complete altruism; (4) his descent into all the six states of existence for their salvation; (5) relief of the living from distress and mortality; (6) profound pity; (7) revelation of himself in human and glorified form; (8) teaching in accordance with the capacity of his hearers, first hīnayāna, then māhayāna doctrine; (9) revealing his nirvāṇa to stimulate his disciples; (10) pitying thought for all creatures, in that dying at 80 instead of at 100 he left twenty years of his own happiness to his disciples; and also the tripiṭaka for universal salvation; ten kinds of kindness

哭喪


哭丧

see styles
Mandarin kū sāng / ku1 sang1
Taiwan k`u sang / ku sang
Chinese to wail at a funeral; formal wailing while offering sacrifice to the departed

奉祀

see styles
Mandarin fèng sì / feng4 si4
Taiwan feng ssu
Japanese houshi / hoshi / ほうし
Chinese to offer sacrifice (to Gods or ancestors); to consecrate; dedicated to
Japanese (noun/participle) enshrine
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

奠祭

see styles
Mandarin diàn jì / dian4 ji4
Taiwan tien chi
Chinese pouring of wine on ground for sacrifice

宴饗


宴飨

see styles
Mandarin yàn xiǎng / yan4 xiang3
Taiwan yen hsiang
Chinese to host a banquet; feast; banquet; ceremony of sacrifice

尚饗


尚飨

see styles
Mandarin shàng xiǎng / shang4 xiang3
Taiwan shang hsiang
Chinese I beg you to partake of this sacrifice (used at the end of an elegiac address)

弔祭


吊祭

see styles
Mandarin diào jì / diao4 ji4
Taiwan tiao chi
Japanese chousai / chosai / ちょうさい
Chinese a worship ceremony for the dead; to offer sacrifice (to ancestors); a libation
Japanese (noun/participle) memorial service

忠烈

see styles
Mandarin zhōng liè / zhong1 lie4
Taiwan chung lieh
Japanese chuuretsu / churetsu / ちゅうれつ
Chinese sacrifice oneself for one's country; martyr
Japanese unswerving loyalty

払う

see styles
Japanese harau / はらう Japanese (transitive verb) (1) to pay (e.g. money, bill); (2) to brush off; to wipe away; to clear away; to dust off; to cut off (e.g. branches); (3) to drive away (e.g. one's competitors); (4) to sell off (something unneeded); to dispose of; (5) to pay (e.g. attention); to show (e.g. respect, concern); (6) to make (e.g. effort, sacrifice); to expend; to exert; (7) to move out (of one's own place); to vacate; (8) to sweep (e.g. one's legs); to knock aside; (9) to make a sweeping stroke (in Japanese calligraphy); (10) to reset (an abacus)

投物

see styles
Japanese nagemono / なげもの Japanese sacrifice goods; liquidation (shares); things thrown (out)

捐生

see styles
Mandarin juān shēng / juan1 sheng1
Taiwan chüan sheng
Chinese to sacrifice one's life

捐軀


捐躯

see styles
Mandarin juān qū / juan1 qu1
Taiwan chüan ch`ü / chüan chü
Chinese to sacrifice one's life

捧ぐ

see styles
Japanese sasagu / ささぐ Japanese (transitive verb) (1) (See 捧げる・1) to lift up; (2) (See 捧げる・2) to give; to offer; to consecrate; (3) (See 捧げる・3) to devote; to sacrifice; to dedicate

捧物

see styles
Mandarin pěng wù / peng3 wu4
Taiwan p`eng wu / peng wu
Japanese houmotsu;houmochi / homotsu;homochi / ほうもつ;ほうもち
Japanese (archaism) (See 捧げ物) offering; sacrifice
To bear or offer gifts in both hands; offered goods

捨身


舍身

see styles
Mandarin shě shēn / she3 shen1
Taiwan she shen
Japanese shashin / しゃしん
Chinese to give one's life
Japanese {Buddh} renouncing the flesh or the world; becoming a priest; risking one's life for others
Bodily sacrifice, e.g. by burning, or cutting off a limb, etc; to abandon oneself (to something)

星供

see styles
Mandarin xīng gōng / xing1 gong1
Taiwan hsing kung
Japanese hoshiku
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

星祭

see styles
Mandarin xīng jì / xing1 ji4
Taiwan hsing chi
Japanese hoshi matsuri / ほしまつり
Japanese Star Festival (held in July or August); Tanabata
星供 To sacrifice, or pay homage to a star, especially one's natal star; sacrifice to one's natal star

歃血

see styles
Mandarin shà xuè / sha4 xue4
Taiwan sha hsüeh
Chinese to smear one's lips with the blood of a sacrifice as a means of pledging allegiance (old)

殉情

see styles
Mandarin xùn qíng / xun4 qing2
Taiwan hsün ch`ing / hsün ching
Chinese to die together in the name of love; to sacrifice oneself for love

殉死

see styles
Mandarin xùn sǐ / xun4 si3
Taiwan hsün ssu
Japanese junshi / じゅんし
Chinese to be buried alive as sacrifice (together with husband or superior)
Japanese (noun/participle) following one's master into the grave; committing suicide after one's lord has died

殉節

see styles
Mandarin xùn jié / xun4 jie2
Taiwan hsün chieh
Chinese to sacrifice one's life by loyalty (to one's prince, one's husband etc)

殉難

see styles
Mandarin xùn nàn / xun4 nan4
Taiwan hsün nan
Japanese junnan / じゅんなん
Chinese to sacrifice oneself in a just cause; a victim of a disaster
Japanese (noun/participle) martyrdom

無量


无量

see styles
Mandarin wú liàng / wu2 liang4
Taiwan wu liang
Japanese muryou / muryo / むりょう
Chinese measureless; immeasurable
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) immeasurable; (given name) Muryou
apramāṇa; amita; ananta; immeasurable, unlimited, e.g. the 'four infinite' characteristics of a bodhisattva are 慈悲喜捨 kindness, pity, joy, and self-sacrifice; uncountable

燔祭

see styles
Japanese hansai / はんさい Japanese burnt offering (i.e. religious animal sacrifice)

爐身


炉身

see styles
Mandarin lú shēn / lu2 shen1
Taiwan lu shen
Japanese roshin
To offer up one's body as a sacrifice.

犠打

see styles
Japanese gida / ぎだ Japanese sacrifice fly; bunt

犠牲

see styles
Japanese gisei / gise / ぎせい Japanese victim; sacrifice; scapegoat

犠飛

see styles
Japanese gihi / ぎひ Japanese {baseb} sacrifice fly

犧牲


牺牲

see styles
Mandarin xī shēng / xi1 sheng1
Taiwan hsi sheng
Japanese gisei
Chinese to sacrifice one's life; to sacrifice (something valued); beast slaughtered as a sacrifice
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

犬死

see styles
Japanese inujini / いぬじに Japanese (irregular okurigana usage) (noun/participle) (sensitive word) dying in vain; wasteful sacrifice of life

獻出

see styles
Mandarin xiàn chū / xian4 chu1
Taiwan hsien ch`u / hsien chu
Chinese to offer; to give (as tribute); to devote (one's life); to sacrifice (oneself)

獻祭

see styles
Mandarin xiàn jì / xian4 ji4
Taiwan hsien chi
Chinese to offer sacrifice

甘於

see styles
Mandarin gān yú / gan1 yu2
Taiwan kan yü
Chinese to be willing to; to be ready to; to be content with; accepting (of restriction, sacrifice, risk etc)

生贄

see styles
Japanese ikenie / いけにえ Japanese (1) sacrifice (to the gods); (2) victim; scapegoat

皤利

see styles
Mandarin pó lì / po2 li4
Taiwan p`o li / po li
Japanese bari
bali, the offering of a portion of a meal to all creatures; also royal revenue, a sacrifice, etc.

祭拜

see styles
Mandarin jì bài / ji4 bai4
Taiwan chi pai
Chinese to offer sacrifice (to one's ancestors)

祭賽

see styles
Mandarin jì sài / ji4 sai4
Taiwan chi sai
Chinese to give sacrifice

義氣

see styles
Mandarin yì qì / yi4 qi4
Taiwan i ch`i / i chi
Chinese spirit of loyalty and self-sacrifice; code of brotherhood; also pr. [yi4 qi5]

致命

see styles
Mandarin zhì mìng / zhi4 ming4
Taiwan chih ming
Japanese chimei / chime / ちめい
Chinese fatal; mortal; deadly; to sacrifice one's life
Japanese fatal

血史

see styles
Mandarin xuè shǐ / xue4 shi3
Taiwan hsüeh shih
Chinese history written in blood; epic period of struggle and sacrifice

血祭

see styles
Mandarin xuè jì / xue4 ji4
Taiwan hsüeh chi
Chinese blood sacrifice; animal sacrifice (to a God or ancestral spirit)

賣命

see styles
Mandarin mài mìng / mai4 ming4
Taiwan mai ming
Chinese to throw one's life in for; to haplessly give one's life for; to sacrifice oneself torturously working for another or for a group; to pour in one's utmost effort; to shed one's last ounce of strength for

賤賣

see styles
Mandarin jiàn mài / jian4 mai4
Taiwan chien mai
Chinese to sell cheaply; sacrifice; low price; discount sale

車奴

see styles
Mandarin chē nú / che1 nu2
Taiwan ch`e nu / che nu
Chinese car slave, sb forced to sacrifice quality of life to buy or maintain a car

隕首

see styles
Mandarin yǔn shǒu / yun3 shou3
Taiwan yün shou
Chinese to offer one's life in sacrifice

馬祀

see styles
Mandarin mǎ sì / ma3 si4
Taiwan ma ssu
aśvamedha, the horse sacrifice, either as an annual oblation to Heaven, or for specific purposes.

三退屈

see styles
Mandarin sān tuì qū / san1 tui4 qu1
Taiwan san t`ui ch`ü / san tui chü
Japanese sant aikutsu
The three feelings of oppression that make for a bodhisattva's recreancy— the vastness of bodhi; the unlimited call to sacrifice; the uncertainty of final perseverance. There are 三事練磨 three modes of training against them; three types of retrogression

供える

see styles
Japanese sonaeru / そなえる Japanese (transitive verb) to offer; to sacrifice; to dedicate

大祥忌

see styles
Mandarin dà xiáng jì / da4 xiang2 ji4
Taiwan ta hsiang chi
Japanese dai shōki
The great propitious anniversary, i.e. a sacrifice every third year; great auspicious anniversary

奉げ物

see styles
Japanese sasagemono / ささげもの Japanese (irregular kanji usage) offering; sacrifice

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This page contains 100 results for "sacrifice" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary