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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 799 total results for your monk search. I have created 8 pages of results for you. Each page contains 100 results...

If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin sēng / seng1
Taiwan seng
Japanese sou / so / そう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese monk; Sangha, the Buddhist monastic order
Japanese monk; priest; (surname) Sou
僧伽 saṅgha, an assembly, collection, company, society. The corporate assembly of at least three (formerly four) monks under a chairman, empowered to hear confession, grant absolution, and ordain. The church or monastic order, the third member of the triratna. The term 僧 used alone has come to mean a monk, or monks in general. Also僧佉, 僧加, 僧企耶.; A fully ordained monk, i.e. a bhikṣu as contrasted with the śramaņa.

see styles
Mandarin/ ji4
Taiwan chi
Japanese jaku;seki / じゃく;せき    sabi / さび
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese silent; solitary; Taiwan pr. [ji2]
Japanese (1) (entering into) nirvana; (suffix noun) (2) used after a date to indicate the death of a monk at that time; (adj-t,adv-to) (3) (usu. せき) silent; tranquil; (1) patina; antique look; (2) elegant simplicity; (3) well-trained voice; (female given name) Yoshika; (given name) Jaku
praśama; vivikta; śānti. Still, silent, quiet, solitary, calm, tranquil, nirvāṇa; to become quiet

see styles
Mandarin shèng / sheng4
Taiwan sheng
Japanese hijiri / ひじり    sei / se / せい
Chinese holy; sacred; saint; sage
Japanese (1) highly virtuous monk; (2) (honorific or respectful language) monk; (3) Buddhist solitary; (4) (See 高野聖・1) Buddhist missionary; (5) saint (i.e. a virtuous person); (6) (archaism) (honorific or respectful language) emperor; (7) (in form 〜の聖) master; expert; (n,n-pref) (1) Saint; St.; S.; (noun or adjectival noun) (2) sacred; holy; pure; (female given name) Mina; (female given name) Maria; (female given name) Mari; (female given name) Makoto; (surname, female given name) Hijiri; (personal name) Tooru; (female given name) Chika; (personal name) Takeshi; (female given name) Takara; (given name) Takashi; (female given name) Sofi-; (surname) Seitoku; (personal name) Seiji; (female given name) Seika; (surname, female given name) Sei; (personal name) Sumizou; (personal name) Sumiko; (personal name) Sumie; (given name) Satoru; (female given name) Satom
ārya; sādhu; a sage; wise and good; upright, or correct in all his character; sacred, holy, saintly.


see styles
Mandarin sēng qié / seng1 qie2
Taiwan seng ch`ieh / seng chieh
Japanese sougya / sogya / そうぎゃ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese (Buddhism) sangha; the monastic community; monk
Japanese sangha (the Buddhist community) (san: samgha)
(Skt. saṃgha)



see styles
Mandarin sēng lǚ / seng1 lu:3
Taiwan seng lü
Japanese souryo / soryo / そうりょ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese monk
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) {Buddh} priest; monk
Monastic companions, or company; the members of the Buddhist order


see styles
Mandarin rù dìng / ru4 ding4
Taiwan ju ting
Japanese nyuujou / nyujo / にゅうじょう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese (Buddhism) to enter a meditative state
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) {Buddh} (See 出定) entering a state of intense concentration; (2) death (of a high monk, etc.); (place-name) Nyuujou
To enter into meditation by tranquillizing the body, mouth (i.e. lips), and mind, 身口意; to enter into concentration


see styles
Mandarin hé shí / he2 shi2
Taiwan ho shih
Japanese gōjū
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to put one's palms together (in prayer or greeting)
合爪; 合掌 To bring the ten fingers or two palms together; a monk's salutation; to make salutation with the two palms together


see styles
Mandarin tiān huáng / tian1 huang2
Taiwan t`ien huang / tien huang
Japanese tennou(p);sumeragi;sumerogi / tenno(p);sumeragi;sumerogi / てんのう(P);すめらぎ;すめろぎ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese emperor; emperor of Japan
Japanese Emperor of Japan; (place-name) Tennou
Deva-king; the Tang monk 道悟 Daowu of the 天皇 Tianhuang monastery at 荊州 Jingzhou.



see styles
Mandarin pú sà / pu2 sa4
Taiwan p`u sa / pu sa
Japanese bosatsu(p);bosachi(ok) / ぼさつ(P);ぼさち(ok)
Chinese Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.



see styles
Mandarin shī zi zuò / shi1 zi5 zuo4
Taiwan shih tzu tso
Japanese shishiza / ししざ
Chinese Leo (constellation and sign of the zodiac)
Japanese (1) {astron} Leo (constellation); the Lion; (2) {Buddh} (See 獅子の座) Buddha's seat; seat of a high monk
lion's seat



see styles
Mandarin shì jiā móu ní / shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2
Taiwan shih chia mou ni
Japanese Shakamuni
Chinese Siddhartha Gautama (563-485 BC), the historical Buddha and founder of Buddhism; Sakyamuni Buddha (Sanskrit: sage of the Sakya)
釋迦文 (釋迦文尼); 釋伽文 Śākyamuni, the saint of the Śākya tribe. muni is saint, holy man, sage, ascetic monk; it is: intp. as 仁 benevolent, charitable, kind, also as 寂默 one who dwells in seclusion. After '500 or 550' previous incarnations, Śākyamuni finally attained to the state of Bodhisattva, was born in the Tuṣita heaven, and descended as a white elephant, through her right side, into the womb of the immaculate Māyā, the purest woman on earth; this was on the 8th day of the 4th month; next year on the 8th day of the 2nd month he was born from her right side painlessly as she stood under a tree in the Lumbinī garden. For the subsequent miraculous events v. Eitel. also the 神通遊戲經 (Lalitavistara), the 釋迦如來成道記, etc. Simpler statements say that he was born the son of Śuddhodana, of the kṣatriya caste, ruler of Kapilavastu, and Māyā his wife; that Māyā died seven days later, leaving him to be brought up by her sister Prājapati; that in due course he was married to Yaśodharā who bore him a son, Rāhula; that in search of truth he left home, became an ascetic, severely disciplined himself, and finally at 35 years of age, under a tree, realized that the way of release from the chain of rebirth and death lay not in asceticism but in moral purity; this he explained first in his four dogmas, v. 四諦 and eightfold noble way 八正道, later amplified and developed in many sermons. He founded his community on the basis of poverty, chastity, and insight or meditation, ad it became known as Buddhism, as he became known as Buddha, the enlightened. His death was probably in or near 487 B.C., a few years before that of Confucius in 479. The sacerdotal name of his family is Gautama, said to be the original name of the whole clan, Śākya being that of his branch, v. 瞿, 喬.; his personal name was Siddhārtha, or Sarvārthasiddha, v. 悉.


see styles
Mandarin chū jiā / chu1 jia1
Taiwan ch`u chia / chu chia
Japanese shukke;suke(ok) / しゅっけ;すけ(ok)
Chinese to leave home (to become a Buddhist monk or nun)
Japanese (noun/participle) {Buddh} (See 在家) entering the priesthood; cenobite (coenobite); priest; monk; nun; (surname) Deie; (surname) Izuya
pravraj; to leave home and become a monk or nun; to renounce the secular life


see styles
Mandarin hé shang / he2 shang5
Taiwan ho shang
Japanese wajou / wajo / わじょう    kashou / kasho / かしょう    oshou / osho / おしょう
Chinese Buddhist monk
Japanese (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (in Shingon, Hosso, Ritsu or Shin Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (in Tendai or Kegon Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) monk (esp. the head monk of a temple); (4) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (esp. in Zen or Pure Land Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) monk (esp. the head monk of a temple); (4) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (personal name) Wajou; (personal name) Kazuhisa; (personal name) Kazunao; (given name) Oshou
A general term for a monk. It is said to be derived from Khotan in the form of 和闍 or 和社 (or 烏社) which might be a translit. of vandya (Tibetan and Khotani ban-de), 'reverend.' Later it took the form of 和尚 or 和上. The 律宗 use 和上, others generally 和尚. The Sanskrit term used in its interpretation is 鳥波陀耶 upādhyāya, a 'sub-teacher' of the Vedas, inferior to an ācārya; this is intp. as 力生 strong in producing (knowledge), or in begetting strength in his disciples; also by 知有罪知無罪 a discerner of sin from not-sin, or the sinful from the not-sinful. It has been used as a synonym for 法師 a teacher of doctrine, in distinction from 律師 a teacher of the vinaya, also from 禪師 a teacher of the Intuitive school.


see styles
Mandarin tán yuè / tan2 yue4
Taiwan t`an yüeh / tan yüeh
Japanese danotsu / だんおつ
Chinese (Buddhism) benefactor (designation of a lay person by a monk)
Japanese alms-giver; person who donates to a monk or a temple; dana-pati
dānapati, an almsgiver, patron; various definitions are given, e.g. one who escapes the karma of poverty by giving; chief donor


see styles
Mandarin bǐ qiū / bi3 qiu1
Taiwan pi ch`iu / pi chiu
Japanese biku / びく
Chinese Buddhist monk (loanword from Sanskrit "bhiksu")
Japanese bhikkhu (fully ordained Buddhist monk) (san: bhiksu)
比呼; 苾芻; 煏芻 bhikṣu, a religious mendicant, an almsman, one who has left home, been fully ordained, and depends on alms for a living. Some are styled 乞士 mendicant scholars, all are 釋種 Śākya-seed, offspring of Buddha. The Chinese characters are clearly used as a phonetic equivalent, but many attempts have been made to give meanings to the two words, e. g. 比 as 破 and 丘 as 煩惱, hence one who destroys the passions and delusions, also 悕能 able to overawe Māra and his minions; also 除饉 to get rid of dearth, moral and spiritual. Two kinds 内乞 and 外乞; both indicate self-control, the first by internal mental or spiritual methods, the second by externals such as strict diet. 苾芻 is a fragrant plant, emblem of the monastic life; (Skt. bhikṣu)



see styles
Mandarin shā mén / sha1 men2
Taiwan sha men
Japanese shamon;samon / しゃもん;さもん
Chinese monk (Sanskrit: Sramana, originally refers to north India); Buddhist monk
Japanese {Buddh} shramana (wandering monk); (surname) Shamon
śramaṇa. 桑門; 娑門; 喪門; 沙門那; 舍羅磨拏; 沙迦懣曩; 室摩那拏 (1) Ascetics of all kinds; 'the Sarmanai, or Samanaioi, or Germanai of the Greeks, perhaps identical also with the Tungusian Saman or Shaman.' Eitel. (2) Buddhist monks 'who 'have left their families and quitted the passions', the Semnoi of the Greeks'. Eitel. Explained by 功勞 toilful achievement, 勤息 diligent quieting (of the mind and the passions), 淨志 purity of mind, 貧道 poverty. 'He must keep well the Truth, guard well every uprising (of desire), be uncontaminated by outward attractions, be merciful to all and impure to none, be not elated to joy nor harrowed by distress, and able to bear whatever may come.' The Sanskrit root is śram, to make effort; exert oneself, do austerities.


see styles
Mandarin jiā shā / jia1 sha1
Taiwan chia sha
Japanese kesa / けさ
Chinese kasaya, a patchwork outer vestment worn by a Buddhist monk
Japanese (1) {Buddh} kasaya; monk's stole; (2) (abbreviation) (See 袈裟懸け・1) wearing an article of clothing in the same manner as a kasaya (i.e. draped over one shoulder); (female given name) Kesa
kaṣāya, the monk's robe, or cassock. The word is intp. as decayed, impure (in colour), dyed, not of primary colour, so as to distinguish it from the normal white dress of the people. The patch-robe, v. 二十五條. A dyed robe 'of a colour composed of red and yellow' (M. W. ); it has a number of poetic names, e. g. robe of patience, or endurance. Also 迦沙曳 (迦邏沙曳).



see styles
Mandarin zhǎng lǎo / zhang3 lao3
Taiwan chang lao
Japanese chourou / choro / ちょうろう
Chinese elder; term of respect for a Buddhist monk
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) elder; senior; (2) {Buddh} senior monk; (3) dean; presbyter; patriarch; (surname) Nagao
Senior, venerable, title for aged and virtuous monks; also an abbot.

see styles
Mandarin/ su2
Taiwan su
Japanese zoku(p);shoku(ok) / ぞく(P);しょく(ok)
Chinese custom; convention; popular; common; coarse; vulgar; secular
Japanese (1) layman (esp. as opposed to a Buddhist monk); laity; man of the world; the world; (2) local manners; modern customs; (adj-na,adj-no) (3) common; popular; (4) (ant: 雅・が・1) vulgar; low
common, ordinary, usual, vulgar; secular

see styles
Mandarin fáng // fāng / fang2 // fang1
Taiwan fang
Japanese bou;bon / bo;bon / ぼう;ぼん
Chinese workshop; mill; Taiwan pr. [fang1]; lane (usually as part of a street name); memorial archway; surname Fang
Japanese (1) bonze; monk; (2) (ぼう only) monk's dwelling; (3) (vocative) boy; sonny; (4) (ぼう only) (used by male children) I; me; (suffix) (5) (ぼう only) (familiar language) (after name; familiar form of address) little; (6) (ぼう only) (often preceded by ん) person who is ...; (surname) Machi; (surname) Bou; (personal name) Noridzuki; (personal name) Noritsuki; (surname) Tsutsumi; (personal name) Suetsugu; (personal name) Suetake; (personal name) Suekane
A place, locality; a temple, place of assembly, etc; subdivision of a city

see styles
Mandarin/ mo4
Taiwan mo
Japanese boku / ぼく    sumi / すみ
Chinese surname Mo; abbr. for 墨西哥[Mo4 xi1 ge1], Mexico
Japanese (n,n-pref,n-suf) (abbreviation) (See メキシコ) Mexico; (1) sumi; India ink; Chinese ink; ink stick; ink-cake; (2) squid ink; octopus ink; (3) (See 墨繩・すみなわ) carpenter's inking string; (personal name) Boku; (personal name) Norikazu; (surname) Sumisaki; (surname) Sumi; (personal name) Sueo
Ink; black; dyed black, e.g. 墨衣 black clothes, at one time said to have been the garb of the monk to distinguish him from the ordinary people who wore white.

see styles
Mandarin shī / shi1
Taiwan shih
Japanese shi / し
Chinese teacher; master; expert; model; army division; (old) troops; to dispatch troops; surname Shi
Japanese (1) teacher; master; one's mentor; (n,suf) (2) religious leader; (suffix) (3) specialist; (4) (archaism) five-battalion brigade comprising 2500 men (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (surname) Morosaki; (surname) Moro; (given name) Tsukasa; (personal name) Shiwasu
A host, army; a leader, preceptor, teacher, model; tr. of upādhyāya, an 'under-teacher', generally intp. as a Buddhist monk.

see styles
Mandarin duó // dù / duo2 // du4
Taiwan to // tu
Japanese do / ど    tabi(p);tanbi / たび(P);たんび
Chinese to estimate; Taiwan pr. [duo4]; to pass; to spend (time); measure; limit; extent; degree of intensity; degree (angles, temperature etc); kilowatt-hour; classifier for events and occurrences
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.); (counter) (2) counter for occurrences; (n,n-suf) (3) strength (of glasses); glasses prescription; (4) alcohol content (percentage); alcohol by volume; (5) (See 度を過ごす) extent; degree; limit; (6) (See 度を失う) presence of mind; composure; (n,n-suf,ctr) time (three times, each time, etc.); times; (given name) Wataru; (surname) Watari; (given name) Tokou; (surname) Tabi; (surname) Taku
pāramitā, 波羅蜜; intp. by 渡 to ferry over; to save. The mortal life of reincarnations is the sea; nirvana is the other shore; v. pāramitā, 波. Also, to leave the world as a monk or nun, such is a 度得 or 度者.

see styles
Mandarin jiè / jie4
Taiwan chieh
Japanese kai;ingoto(ok) / かい;いんごと(ok)
Chinese to guard against; to exhort; to admonish or warn; to give up or stop doing something; Buddhist monastic discipline; ring (for a finger)
Japanese (1) (かい only) {Buddh} admonition; commandment; (2) sila (precept)
śīla, 尸羅. Precept, command, prohibition, discipline, rule; morality. It is applied to the five, eight, ten, 250, and other commandments. The five are: (1) not to kill; (2 ) not to steal; (3) not to commit adultery; (4) not to speak falsely; (5) not to drink wine. These are the commands for lay disciples; those who observe them will be reborn in the human realm. The Sarvāstivādins did not sanction the observance of a limited selection from them as did the 成實宗 Satyasiddhi school. Each of the five precepts has five guardian spirits, in all twenty-five, 五戒二十五神. The eight for lay disciples are the above five together with Nos. 7, 8, and 9 of the following; the ten commands for the ordained, monks and nuns, are the above five with the following: (6) not to use adornments of flowers, nor perfumes; (7) not to perform as an actor, juggler, acrobat, or go to watch and hear them; (8) not to sit on elevated, broad, and large divans (or beds); (9) not to eat except in regulation hours; (10) not to possess money, gold or silver, or precious things. The 具足戒full commands for a monk number 250, those for a nun are 348, commonly called 500. Śīla is also the first of the 五分法身, i.e. a condition above all moral error. The Sutra of Brahma's Net has the following after the first five: (6) not to speak of the sins of those in orders; (7) not to vaunt self and depreciate others; (8) not to be avaricious; (9) not to be angry; (10) not to slander the triratna.

see styles
Mandarin/ xi4
Taiwan hsi
Japanese ke
Chinese trick; drama; play; show; CL:出[chu1],場|场[chang3],臺|台[tai2]
khelā, krīḍā. Play, sport, take one's pleasure; theatricals, which are forbidden to a monk or nun; to play

see styles
Mandarin fáng / fang2
Taiwan fang
Japanese bou / bo / ぼう
Chinese house; room; CL:間|间[jian1]; branch of an extended family; classifier for family members (or concubines); surname Fang
Japanese (1) chamber; room; (2) (See 坊・1,坊・2) home of a monk; monk; (3) {astron} (See 二十八宿,蒼竜・そうりょう・3) Chinese "room" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (surname) Bou; (personal name) Fusamasa; (personal name) Fusaji; (surname) Fusazaki; (personal name) Fusakatsu; (surname, female given name) Fusa; (surname) Pan; (personal name) Suewaka; (personal name) Sueyoshi; (personal name) Suemori; (personal name) Sueharu; (personal name) Suetsugu; (personal name) Suetsugi; (personal name) Sueji
House, room. The rooms for monks and nuns in a monastery or nunnery; monk's quarters

see styles
Mandarin/ bo1
Taiwan po
Japanese hatsu
Chinese small earthenware plate or basin; a monk's alms bowl; Sanskrit paatra
begging bowl

see styles
Mandarin xīng / xing1
Taiwan hsing
Japanese namagusa / なまぐさ
Chinese fishy (smell)
Japanese (1) something that smells of fish or blood; (2) meat and fish; (3) (abbreviation) degenerate monk; corrupt priest

see styles
Mandarin yì // yī / yi4 // yi1
Taiwan i
Japanese koromo / ころも    kinu;i / きぬ;い
Chinese to dress; to wear; to put on (clothes); clothes; CL:件[jian4]
Japanese (1) clothes; garment; (2) gown; robe; (3) coating (e.g. glaze, batter, icing); (See 歯に衣着せない) clothing; garment; dress; (female given name) Matoi; (surname, female given name) Koromo; (female given name) Kinu
Clothes, especially a monk's robes which are of two kinds, the compulsory three garments of five, seven, or nine pieces; and the permissive clothing for the manual work of the monastery, etc. The 三衣 or three garments are (1) 安陀會衣 antarvāsas, an inner garment; the five-piece 袈裟 cassock; (2) 鬱多羅僧衣 uttarāsaṇga, outer garment, the seven-piece cassock; (3) 僧伽梨衣 saṁghāti, assembly cassock of from nine to twenty-five pieces. The permissive clothing is of ten kinds.

see styles
Mandarin/ na4
Taiwan na
Japanese noto / のと
Chinese cassock; to line
Japanese (surname) Noto
To patch, line, pad; a monk's garment, supposed to be made of rags; monk's robe

see styles
Mandarin jiā / jia1
Taiwan chia
Chinese Buddhist monk's robe

see styles
Mandarin shā / sha1
Taiwan sha
Japanese konokawa / このかわ
Chinese Buddhist monk's robe
Japanese (personal name) Konokawa
monks robe; monks robe

see styles
Mandarin/ xi1
Taiwan hsi
Japanese suzu(p);suzu / すず(P);スズ
Chinese tin (chemistry); to bestow; to confer; to grant; Taiwan pr. [xi2]
Japanese (kana only) tin (Sn); (given name) Tamau; (surname) Seki; (surname) Suzuki; (given name) Shaku
Pewter, tin; to bestow; a monk's staff.

see styles
Mandarin zhāi / zhai1
Taiwan chai
Japanese hitoshi / ひとし    toki / とき    sai / さい    itsuki / いつき
Chinese to fast or abstain from meat, wine etc; vegetarian diet; study room; building; to give alms (to a monk)
Japanese (surname) Hitoshi; (personal name) Toki; (surname) Sai; (surname, given name) Itsuki
To reverence: abstinence; to purify as by fasting, or abstaining, e.g. from flesh food; religious or abstinential duties, or times; upavasatha (uposatha), a fast; the ritual period for food, i.e. before noon; a room for meditation, a study, a building, etc., devoted to abstinence, chastity, or the Buddhist religion; mourning (for parents).

see styles
Mandarin kān / kan1
Taiwan k`an / kan
Japanese gan / がん
Chinese niche; shrine
Japanese (1) niche or alcove for an image; (2) (in Okinawa) portable shrine used to move a deceased from their house to the graveyard
A shrine; a cabinet, box; a coffin (for a monk); to contain.


see styles
Japanese otera / おてら Japanese (1) (honorific or respectful language) (polite language) temple; (2) (abbreviation) monk


see styles
Mandarin yī xià / yi1 xia4
Taiwan i hsia
Japanese hitonatsu / ひとなつ    ichige / いちげ
Japanese one summer; {Buddh} (See 安居・あんご) one summer (during which a monk attends a summer retreat); (female given name) Hitoka; (female given name) Hiina; (female given name) Chinatsu; (female given name) Kazuna; (female given name) Kazuka; (female given name) Ichika
The summer retreat in India of, 90 days, from the 16th of the 4th moon to the 15th of the 7th; v. 雨; one summer retreat


see styles
Mandarin yī rú / yi1 ru2
Taiwan i ju
Japanese ichinyo / いちにょ
Chinese to be just like
Japanese oneness; (personal name) Kazuyuki
The one ru, i.e. the bhūtatathatā, or absolute, as the norm and essence of life. The 眞如 true suchness, or true character, or reality; the 法性 nature of things or beings. The whole of things as they are, or seem; a cosmos; a species; things of the same order. Name of a celebrated monk, Yiru. V. 一眞; 一實; oneness



see styles
Mandarin yī níng / yi1 ning2
Taiwan i ning
Japanese ichinei / ichine / いちねい
Japanese (personal name) Ichinei
Yining, a monk who went to Japan in 1299; v. 一山.


see styles
Mandarin yī shān / yi1 shan1
Taiwan i shan
Japanese issan / いっさん
Japanese (1) whole temple complex; all the temples on a mountain; (2) (orig. meaning) (See 一山・ひとやま・1) one mountain; (surname) Hitotsuyama; (surname) Kazunobu; (place-name, surname) Ichiyama; (surname, given name) Ichizan
A hill; a monastery; Yishan, the name of a Chinese monk who voyaged to Japan in A.D. 1299 and who was also styled 一寧 Yining.


see styles
Mandarin yī zā / yi1 za1
Taiwan i tsa
Japanese issatsu
A sudden remark, or question, by a monk or master to test a disciple, a Chan (Zen) method; one question to check


see styles
Mandarin yī xíng / yi1 xing2
Taiwan i hsing
Japanese ikkou / ikko / いっこう
Chinese party; delegation
Japanese (1) party; group; troop; company; (2) one act; one action; one deed; (personal name) Motoyuki; (given name) Kazuyuki; (given name) Ikkou; (given name) Ichigyou
One act (of body, mouth, or mind); holding to one course; devoted. Yixing, A.D. 672-717, a celebrated monk whose secular name was 張遂 Zhang Sui, posthumous title 大慧禪師; he was versed in mathematics and astronomy, a reformer of the Chinese calendar, and author of several works; single practice


see styles
Mandarin yī dào / yi1 dao4
Taiwan i tao
Japanese ichidou / ichido / いちどう
Chinese together
Japanese one road; ray (of hope); (given name) Kazumichi; (surname) Ichimichi; (male given name) Ichidou
One way, the one way; the way of deliverance from mortality, the Mahāyāna. Yidao, a learned monk of the Pure-land sect.



see styles
Mandarin qī tiáo / qi1 tiao2
Taiwan ch`i t`iao / chi tiao
Japanese hichijou / hichijo / ひちじょう    nanajou / nanajo / ななじょう    shichijou / shichijo / しちじょう    shichijuu / shichiju / しちじゅう
Japanese (surname) Hichijou; (surname) Nanajou; (place-name, surname) Shichijou; (surname) Shichijuu
(衣 or 袈裟 ) The outer mantle, or toga, of a monk, composed of seven pieces; the Uttara-sanga, v. 鬱; seven-piece robe



see styles
Mandarin qī zhòng / qi1 zhong4
Taiwan ch`i chung / chi chung
Japanese shichishu / しちしゅ
Japanese seven orders of Buddhist disciples (monks, nuns, probationary nuns, male novices, female novices, male lay devotees, female lay devotees)
The seven classes of disciples:―(1)比丘 bhikṣu,monk;(2) bhikṣuṇī a female observer of all commandments; (3) 式叉摩那śikṣamāṇa, a novice, or observer of the six commandments; (4) 沙彌 śrāmaṇera, and (5) 沙彌尼 śrāmaṇerika, male and female observers of the minor commandments; (6) 優婆塞 upāsaka, male observers of the five commandments; and (7) 優婆夷upāsikā, female ditto. The first five have left home, the last two remain at home. Tiantai makes nine groups by dividing the last two into four, two remaining at home, two leaving home and keeping the eight commandments. Others make four groups, i.e. (1), (2), (6), and (7) of the above. Tiantai also has a four-group; seven groups (of Buddhist disciples)


see styles
Mandarin qī nì / qi1 ni4
Taiwan ch`i ni / chi ni
Japanese shichigyaku
(七逆罪) The seven rebellious acts, or deadly sins — shedding a Buddha's blood, killing father, mother, monk, teacher, subverting or disrupting monks, killing an arhat. V. 梵綱經下.


see styles
Mandarin sān jǔ / san1 ju3
Taiwan san chü
The three exposures, i,e. the three sins of a monk each entailing his unfrocking— willful non-confession of sin, unwillingness to repent, claiming that lust is not contrary to the doctrine.


see styles
Mandarin sān zàng / san1 zang4
Taiwan san tsang
Japanese sanzō
Chinese Tripitaka (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645; same as 玄奘
v. 藏; three baskets


see styles
Mandarin sān yī / san1 yi1
Taiwan san i
Japanese sanne
The three regulation garments of a monk, 袈裟 kaāṣāya, i.e. 僧伽梨 saṅghāṭī, assembly robe; 鬱多羅僧 uttarāsaṅga, upper garment worn over the 安陀會 antarvāsaka, vest or shirt; three garments


see styles
Mandarin shàng zuò / shang4 zuo4
Taiwan shang tso
Japanese kamiza;jouza / kamiza;joza / かみざ;じょうざ
Chinese seat of honor
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) chief seat; seat of honor; seat of honour; head of the table; (place-name) Jouza
Sthavira; or Mahāsthavira. Old man, or elder; head monk, president, or abbot; the first Buddhist fathers; a title of Mahākāśyapa; also of monks of twenty to forty-nine years standing, as 中座 are from ten to nineteen and 下座 under ten. The 釋氏要覽 divides presiding elders into four classes, those presiding over monasteries, over assemblies of monks, over sects, and laymen presiding over feasts to monks; ecclesiastical officials


see styles
Mandarin xià huǒ / xia4 huo3
Taiwan hsia huo
Japanese shitabi / したび
Japanese burning low; waning; declining; (place-name) Shimoppi
下炬 To apply the torch; syn. for setting alight the funeral pyre of a monk; light the fire


see styles
Mandarin xià là / xia4 la4
Taiwan hsia la
Japanese gerō
junior monk; junior monk


see styles
Mandarin xià yī / xia4 yi1
Taiwan hsia i
Japanese shitagoromo;kai / したごろも;かい
Japanese (1) (esp.したごろも) (See 下着) undergarment; underwear; (2) (esp. かい) lower garment (e.g. trousers)
The lowest order of a monk's robes, that of five patches; lower garments.


see styles
Mandarin bù kě / bu4 ke3
Taiwan pu k`o / pu ko
Japanese fuka / ふか
Chinese cannot; should not; must not
Japanese (adj-no,adj-na,n,n-suf) (1) wrong; bad; improper; unjustifiable; inadvisable; (2) not allowed; not possible; (3) failing grade; (place-name) Yobazu
May not, can not: unpermissible, for-bidden; unable. Buke, the name of a monk of the 靈妙寺 Ling Miao monastery in the Tang dynasty, a disciple of Subha-karāṣimha, and one of the founders of 眞言 Shingon; cannot



see styles
Mandarin bù qīng / bu4 qing1
Taiwan pu ch`ing / pu ching
Japanese fukyō
Never Despise, 常不輕菩薩 a previous incarnation of the Buddha, as a monk whose constant greeting to all he met, that they were destined for Buddhahood, brought him much persecution; see the chapter of this title in the Lotus Sutra.


see styles
Mandarin qǐ shì / qi3 shi4
Taiwan ch`i shih / chi shih
Japanese kosshi / こっし
Japanese (obscure) (See 比丘) bhikkhu (fully ordained Buddhist monk)
A bhikṣu, mendicant monk, or almsman; alms-begging monk



see styles
Mandarin qǐ wǎng / qi3 wang3
Taiwan ch`i wang / chi wang
Japanese kotsumō
a monk's knapsack; a monk's knapsack


see styles
Mandarin qǐ shí / qi3 shi2
Taiwan ch`i shih / chi shih
Japanese kojiki(p);kotsujiki / こじき(P);こつじき
Chinese to beg for food
Japanese (1) (sensitive word) beggar; (noun/participle) (2) begging
To beg for food, one of the twelve dhūtas prescribing outward conduct of the monk; mendicancy is the 正命 right livelihood of a monk, to work for a living is 邪命 an improper life: mendicancy keeps a monk humble, frees him from the cares of life, and offers the donors a field of blessedness; but he may not ask for food; begging for food



see styles
Mandarin luàn sēng / luan4 seng1
Taiwan luan seng
Japanese ransō
A disorderly monk.


see styles
Mandarin èr zì / er4 zi4
Taiwan erh tzu
Japanese niji / にじ
Japanese two characters; name; (surname) Niji
Double-letters, i.e. a monk-because a monk's name consists of two characters; two letters


see styles
Mandarin èr shí / er4 shi2
Taiwan erh shih
Japanese nishoku;nijiki(ok) / にしょく;にじき(ok)
Japanese two meals; (eating) two meals a day
The two kinds of food: (1) (a) The joy of the Law; (b) the bliss of meditation. (2) (a)The right kind of monk's livelihood - by mendicancy; (b) the wrong kind - by any other means.


see styles
Mandarin wǔ yī / wu3 yi1
Taiwan wu i
The five garments worn by a nun are the three worn by a monk: with two others.


see styles
Mandarin wǔ nì / wu3 ni4
Taiwan wu ni
Japanese gogyaku
pañcānantarya; 五無間業 The five rebellious acts or deadly sins, parricide, matricide, killing an arhat, shedding the blood of a Buddha, destroying the harmony of the sangha, or fraternity. The above definition is common both to Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna. The lightest of these sins is the first; the heaviest the last. II. Another group is: (1) sacrilege, such as destroying temples, burning sutras, stealing a Buddha's or a monk's things, inducing others to do so, or taking pleasure therein; (2) slander, or abuse of the teaching of śrāvaka s, pratyekabuddhas, or bodhisattvas; (3) ill-treatment or killing of a monk; (4) any one of the five deadly sins given above; (5) denial of the karma consequences of ill deeds, acting or teaching others accordingly, and unceasing evil life. III. There are also five deadly sins, each of which is equal to each of the first set of five: (1) violation of a mother, or a fully ordained nun; (2) killing a bodhisattva in a sangha; (5) destroying a Buddha's stūpa. IV. The five unpardonable sin of Devadatta who (1) destroyed the harmony of the community; (2) injured Śākyamuni with a stone, shedding his blood; (3) induced the king to let loose a rutting elephant to trample down Śākyamuni; (4) killed a nun; (5) put poison on his finger-nails and saluted Śākyamuni intending to destroy him thereby; five heinous crimes


see styles
Mandarin wáng sēng / wang2 seng1
Taiwan wang seng
Japanese mōsō
dead monk; dead monk


see styles
Japanese futo / ふと Japanese (1) Buddha; (2) stupa; (3) Buddhist temple; (4) Buddhist monk


see styles
Mandarin yǎng shān / yang3 shan1
Taiwan yang shan
Japanese gyousan / gyosan / ぎょうさん
Japanese (adj-na,adv) (1) (ksb:) a lot; plenty; abundant; great many; (adjectival noun) (2) exaggerated; grandiose; (surname) Ooyama
To look up to the hill; Yang-shan, name of a noted monk; Yangshan


see styles
Mandarin gū chàng / gu1 chang4
Taiwan ku ch`ang / ku chang
Japanese koshō
to auction a deceased monk's personal possessions to the other monks.


see styles
Mandarin gù yī / gu4 yi1
Taiwan ku i
Japanese koe
Chinese second hand clothes
To estimate the value of a deceased monk's personal possessions; to estimate possessions


see styles
Mandarin bàn sēng / ban4 seng1
Taiwan pan seng
Japanese bansou / banso / ばんそう
Japanese priests assisting at a Buddhist service
half-monk; half-monk


see styles
Mandarin bàn yè / ban4 ye4
Taiwan pan yeh
Japanese hanya
伴靈 To watch with the spirit of a departed monk the night before the cremation; accompany through the night


see styles
Mandarin zhù chí / zhu4 chi2
Taiwan chu ch`ih / chu chih
Japanese juuji / juji / じゅうじ
Chinese to administer a monastery Buddhist or Daoist; abbot; head monk
Japanese (noun/participle) chief priest of temple
To dwell and control; the abbot of a monastery; resident superintendent; to maintain, or firmly hold to (faith in the Buddha, etc.). For住持身 v. 佛具十身.



see styles
Mandarin zuò jǔ / zuo4 ju3
Taiwan tso chü
Japanese sako
The accusation of sin made against particular monks by the virtuous monk who presides at the pravāraṇa gathering on the last day of the summer's rest; to make an accusation



see styles
Mandarin shì shèng / shi4 sheng4
Taiwan shih sheng
Japanese shishō
Sacred Monk's acolyte; Sacred Monk's acolyte


see styles
Japanese gusou / guso / ぐそう Japanese (1) (abbreviation) (See 供奉僧・1) monk who attends to the principal image of a temple; (2) Buddhist monk serving at an attached Shinto shrine


see styles
Mandarin gòng fèng / gong4 feng4
Taiwan kung feng
Japanese gubu / ぐぶ
Chinese to consecrate; to enshrine and worship; an offering (to one's ancestors); a sacrifice (to a God)
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) accompanying; being in attendance on; (2) (abbreviation) (See 内供奉) inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)
To offer; the monk who serves at the great altar; inner offerer


see styles
Mandarin sú jiā / su2 jia1
Taiwan su chia
Japanese zokke
Chinese layman; layperson; original home of a monk
secular family


see styles
Mandarin piān shān / pian1 shan1
Taiwan p`ien shan / pien shan
Japanese hen san
The monk's toga, or robe, thrown over one shoulder, some say the right, other the left; monk's robe


see styles
Mandarin jiàn tuó / jian4 tuo2
Taiwan chien t`o / chien to
Japanese kenda
健杜; 健達 gandha, smell, scent; a tree producing incense; the first and last also mean (as do 乾陀 and 乾馱) kaṣāya, a colour composed of red and yellow, the monk's robe, but the sounds agree better with kanthā, the patch-robe. Also used for skandha, v. 塞建陀, the five constituents; also for gandharvas, v. 乾闥婆.



see styles
Mandarin tōu lán / tou1 lan2
Taiwan t`ou lan / tou lan
Japanese chūran
(偸蘭遮耶), 薩偸羅; 因蘭 sthūlātyaya, a great transgression, one of the major transgressions of a monk or nun.



see styles
Mandarin chuán jiè / chuan2 jie4
Taiwan ch`uan chieh / chuan chieh
Japanese denkai
Chinese to initiate novice (Buddhist monk)
To transmit the commandments, to grant them as at ordination; confer the precepts



see styles
Mandarin qiān shū / qian1 shu1
Taiwan ch`ien shu / chien shu
Japanese sensho
signature of the head monk to a verse; signature of the head monk to a verse


see styles
Mandarin sēng rén / seng1 ren2
Taiwan seng jen
Chinese monk


see styles
Mandarin sēng wèi / seng1 wei4
Taiwan seng wei
Japanese soui / soi / そうい
Japanese priestly rank
monk's rank; monk's rank


see styles
Japanese sougu / sogu / そうぐ Japanese (archaism) giving to a monk; offerings made to monks


see styles
Mandarin sēng bīng / seng1 bing1
Taiwan seng ping
Japanese souhei / sohe / そうへい
Japanese priest soldier; warrior monk
armed monks; armed monks


see styles
Mandarin sēng fáng / seng1 fang2
Taiwan seng fang
Japanese soubou / sobo / そうぼう
Japanese priests' temple quarters
monk's dormitory; monk's dormitory


see styles
Mandarin sēng bù / seng1 bu4
Taiwan seng pu
Japanese sōho
monk's register; monk's register



see styles
Mandarin sēng tǒng / seng1 tong3
Taiwan seng t`ung / seng tung
Japanese sōtō
monk superintendent; monk superintendent



see styles
Mandarin sēng gāng / seng1 gang1
Taiwan seng kang
Japanese sougou / sogo / そうごう
Japanese (archaism) ancient Buddhist ecclesiastical authority; Office of Monastic Affairs
superintendent monk; superintendent monk



see styles
Mandarin sēng zhí / seng1 zhi2
Taiwan seng chih
Japanese soushoku / soshoku / そうしょく
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) {Buddh} priesthood
monk superintendent; monk superintendent


see styles
Mandarin sēng wǔ / seng1 wu3
Taiwan seng wu
Japanese sōbu
monk's dance; monk's dance


see styles
Mandarin yǔn kān / yun3 kan1
Taiwan yün k`an / yün kan
Japanese intan / いんたん
Japanese (personal name) Intan
Yun-k'an, a famous monk of the Sung dynasty; Yunkan


see styles
Mandarin yǔn ruò / yun3 ruo4
Taiwan yün jo
Japanese Innya
Yun-jo, a famous monk of the Yuan dynasty; Yunruo



see styles
Mandarin yuán xiǎo / yuan2 xiao3
Taiwan yüan hsiao
Japanese Gangyō
Yuan-hsiao, a famous Korean monk who traveled, and studied and wrote in China during the Tang dynasty, then returned to Korea; known as 海東師 Hai-tung Shih; Wonhyo



see styles
Mandarin guāng tǒng / guang1 tong3
Taiwan kuang t`ung / kuang tung
Japanese Kōzū
Guang the general supervisor, i. e. the monk 慧光 Huiguang, sixth century, who resigned the high office of 統 and tr. the 十地經論; Guangtong


see styles
Mandarin miǎn sēng / mian3 seng1
Taiwan mien seng
Japanese mensō
A monk whose attendance at the daily assembly is excused for other duties; excused monk


see styles
Mandarin rù táng / ru4 tang2
Taiwan ju t`ang / ju tang
Japanese nittou;nyuutou / nitto;nyuto / にっとう;にゅうとう
Japanese (noun/participle) visiting Tang China (esp. of an envoy, monk, or exchange student); entering Tang China
to enter the Tang


see styles
Mandarin rù tǎ / ru4 ta3
Taiwan ju t`a / ju ta
Japanese nyuttō
To inter the bones or body of a monk in a dagoba; v. 入骨; to put in a stūpa


see styles
Japanese iruman / イルマン Japanese (ateji / phonetic) (archaism) (kana only) non-ordained Christian monk (por:)


see styles
Mandarin rù dào / ru4 dao4
Taiwan ju tao
Japanese nyuudou / nyudo / にゅうどう
Chinese to enter the Way; to become a Daoist
Japanese (1) {Buddh} entering the priesthood; priest; monk; (2) man with a shaven head; (3) bald-headed monster; (given name) Nyuudou; (surname) Irimichi
To become a monk, 出家入道; to leave home and enter the Way.


This page contains 100 results for "monk" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

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Japanese Kanji Dictionary

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