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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 618 total results for your meditation search. I have created 7 pages of results for you. Each page contains 100 results...
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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ fu2
Taiwan fu
Japanese hotoke / ほとけ    butsusaki / ぶつさき
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Buddha; Buddhism
Japanese (surname) Hotoke; (surname) Butsusaki
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.

see styles
Mandarin/ li4
Taiwan li
Japanese ryoku / りょく    riki / りき    chikara / ちから
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese power; force; strength; ability; strenuously; surname Li
Japanese (suffix) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (1) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (suffix noun) (2) (after a number of people) the strength of ... people; the strength of ... men; (1) force; strength; might; vigour (vigor); energy; (2) capability; ability; proficiency; capacity; faculty; (3) efficacy; effect; (4) effort; endeavours (endeavors); exertions; (5) power; authority; influence; good offices; agency; (6) (See 力になる) support; help; aid; assistance; (7) stress; emphasis; (8) means; resources; (given name) Riki; (given name) Teiriki; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (given name) Tsutome; (male given name) Tsutomu; (surname, female given name) Chikara; (surname) Takariki; (given name) Isamu; (given name) Isao
bala; power, strength, of which there are several categories: 二力 power of choice and of practice; 三力 the power of Buddha; of meditation (samādhi) and of practice. 五力 pañcabala, the five powers of faith, zeal, memory (or remembering), meditation, and wisdom. 六力 A child's power is in crying; a woman's in resentment; a king's in domineering; an arhat's in zeal (or progress); a Buddha's in mercy; and a bhikṣu's in endurance (of despite) . 十力 q.v. The ten powers of Buddhas and bodhisattvas.

see styles
Japanese yuzuru / ゆずる    yuzuri / ゆずり    zen / ぜん    shizuka / しづか    satori / しずか
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism); (female given name) Yuzuru; (surname) Yuzuri; (surname) Zen; (female given name) Shidzuka; (female given name) Shizuka; (female given name) Satori


see styles
Mandarin chán / chan2
Taiwan ch`an / chan
Japanese yuzuri / ゆずり    zen / ぜん
Chinese to abdicate; dhyana (Sanskrit); Zen; meditation (Buddhism)
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism); (surname) Yuzuri; (personal name) Zen
To level a place for an altar, to sacrifice to the hills and fountains; to abdicate. Adopted by Buddhists for dhyāna, 禪 or 禪那, i.e. meditation, abstraction, trance. dhyāna is 'meditation, thought, reflection, especially profound and abstract religious contemplation'. M.W. It was intp. as 'getting rid of evil', etc., later as 靜慮 quiet meditation. It is a form of 定, but that word is more closely allied with samādhi, cf. 禪定. The term also connotes Buddhism and Buddhist things in general, but has special application to the 禪宗 q.v. It is one of the six pāramitās, cf. 波. There are numerous methods and subjects of meditation. The eighteen brahmalokas are divided into four dhyāna regions 'corresponding to certain frames of mind where individuals might be reborn in strict accordance with their spiritual state'. The first three are the first dhyāna, the second three the second dhyāna, the third three the third dhyāna, and the remaining nine the fourth dhyāna. See Eitel. According to Childers' Pali Dictionary, 'The four jhānas are four stages of mystic meditation, whereby the believer's mind is purged from all earthly emotions, and detached as it were from his body, which remains plunged in a profound trance.' Seated cross-legged, the practiser 'concentrates his mind upon a single thought. Gradually his soul becomes filled with a supernatural ecstasy and serenity', his mind still reasoning: this is the first jhāna. Concentrating his mind on the same subject, he frees it from reasoning, the ecstasy and serenity remaining, which is the second jhāna. Then he divests himself of ecstasy, reaching the third stage of serenity. Lastly, in the fourth stage the mind becomes indifferent to all emotions, being exalted above them and purified. There are differences in the Mahāyāna methods, but similarity of aim.

五行

see styles
Mandarin wǔ xíng / wu3 xing2
Taiwan wu hsing
Japanese gogyou / gogyo / ごぎょう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese five phases of Chinese philosophy: wood 木, fire 火, earth 土, metal 金, water 水
Japanese (1) (See 五大・ごだい・1) the five elements (in Chinese philosophy: wood, fire, earth, metal and water); the five phases; wu xing; (2) {Buddh} five practices of the Bodhisattvas; (3) (See 六信五行) the five pillars of Islam; (surname, given name) Gogyou
The five lines of conduct. I. According to the 起信論 Awakening of Faith they are almsgiving; keeping the commandments; patience under insult; zeal or progress; meditation. II. According to the 涅槃經 Nirvana Sutra they are saintly or bodhisattva deeds; arhat, or noble deeds; deva deeds; children's deeds (i. e. normal good deeds of men, devas, and Hinayanists); sickness conditions, e. g. illness, delusion, etc.; — into all these lines of conduct and conditions a Bodhisattva enters. III. The five elements, or tanmātra— wood, fire, earth, metal, and water; or earth, water, ire, air, and ether (or space) as taught by the later Mahāyāna philosophy; idem 五大; five practices

入定

see styles
Mandarin rù dìng / ru4 ding4
Taiwan ju ting
Japanese nyuujou / nyujo / にゅうじょう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) {Buddh} (See 出定) entering a state of intense concentration; (2) death (of a high monk, etc.); (place-name) Nyuujou
To enter into meditation by tranquillizing the body, mouth (i.e. lips), and mind, 身口意; to enter into concentration

公案

see styles
Mandarin gōng àn / gong1 an4
Taiwan kung an
Japanese kouan / koan / こうあん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese judge's desk; complex legal case; contentious issue; koan (Zen Buddhism)
Japanese Zen question for meditation (e.g. the sound of one hand clapping); koan
J. kōan; 因緣 A dossier, or case-record; a cause; public laws, regulations; case-law. Problems set by Zen masters, upon which thought is concentrated as a means to attain inner unity and illumination; public case

冥想

see styles
Mandarin míng xiǎng / ming2 xiang3
Taiwan ming hsiang
Japanese meisō / めいそう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to meditate; meditation
Japanese (noun/participle) meditation; contemplation
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

十法

see styles
Mandarin shí fǎ / shi2 fa3
Taiwan shih fa
Japanese jippō
 Vertical Wall Scroll
The ten 成就 perfect or perfecting Mahāyāna rules; i.e. in (1) right belief; (2) conduct; (3) spirit; (4) the joy of the bodhi mind; (5) joy in the dharma; (6) joy in meditation in it; (7) pursuing the correct dharma; (8) obedience to, or accordance with it; (9) departing from pride, etc.; (10) comprehending the inner teaching of Buddha and taking no pleasure in that of the śrāvaka and pratyeka-buddha order; ten completions of the great vehicle standards

参禅

see styles
Japanese sanzen / さんぜん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun/participle) Zen meditation; meditative consultation with the head abbot

參禪


参禅

see styles
Mandarin cān chán / can1 chan2
Taiwan ts`an ch`an / tsan chan
Japanese noshi wo ri
Chinese to practice Chan Buddhist meditation; to practice Zen meditation; to sit in meditation
To inquire, discuss, seek religious instruction; to thoroughly penetrate with meditative insight

反省

see styles
Mandarin fǎn xǐng / fan3 xing3
Taiwan fan hsing
Japanese hansei / hanse / はんせい
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to reflect upon oneself; to examine one's conscience; to question oneself; to search one's soul
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) reflection; reconsideration; introspection; meditation; contemplation; (2) regret; repentance; remorse; being sorry

坐禅

see styles
Japanese zazen / ざぜん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (Buddhist term) zazen (seated Zen meditation, usu. in a cross-legged position)

坐禪


坐禅

see styles
Mandarin zuò chán / zuo4 chan2
Taiwan tso ch`an / tso chan
Japanese zazen
Chinese to sit in meditation; to meditate
To sit in dhyāna, i.e. abstract meditation, fixed abstraction, contemplation; its introduction to China is attributed to Bodhidharma (though it came earlier), and its extension to Tiantai; sitting meditation

安禪


安禅

see styles
Mandarin ān chán / an1 chan2
Taiwan an ch`an / an chan
Japanese anzen
To enter into dhyāna meditation; sitting meditation

瑜伽

see styles
Mandarin yú jiā / yu2 jia1
Taiwan yü chia
Japanese yuga / ゆが
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese yoga (loanword)
Japanese {Buddh} (See ヨーガ) yoga; (surname) Yuka
yoga; also 瑜誐; 遊迦; a yoke, yoking, union, especially an ecstatic union of the individual soul with a divine being, or spirit, also of the individual soul with the universal soul. The method requires the mutual response or relation of 境, 行, 理, 果 and 機; i.e. (1) state, or environment, referred to mind; (2) action, or mode of practice; (3) right principle; (4) results in enlightenment; (5) motivity, i.e. practical application in saving others. Also the mutual relation of hand, mouth, and mind referring to manifestation, incantation, and mental operation; these are known as 瑜伽三密, the three esoteric (means) of Yoga. The older practice of meditation as a means of obtaining spiritual or magical power was distorted in Tantrism to exorcism, sorcery, and juggling in general.

禅道

see styles
Japanese zendou / zendo / ぜんどう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (1) Zen ascetic practices; Zen meditation; (2) Zen teachings; Zen

禪宗


禅宗

see styles
Mandarin chán zōng / chan2 zong1
Taiwan ch`an tsung / chan tsung
Japanese Zenshū
Chinese Zen Buddhism
The Chan, meditative or intuitional, sect usually said to have been established in China by Bodhidharma, v. 達, the twenty-eighth patriarch, who brought the tradition of the Buddha-mind from India. Cf. 楞 13 Laṅkāvatāra sūtra. This sect, believing in direct enlightenment, disregarded ritual and sūtras and depended upon the inner light and personal influence for the propagation of its tenets, founding itself on the esoteric tradition supposed to have been imparted to Kāśyapa by the Buddha, who indicated his meaning by plucking a flower without further explanation. Kāśyapa smiled in apprehension and is supposed to have passed on this mystic method to the patriarchs. The successor of Bodhidharma was 慧可 Huike, and he was succeeded by 僧璨 Sengcan; 道信 Daoxin; 弘忍 Hongren; 慧能 Huineng, and 神秀 Shenxiu, the sect dividing under the two latter into the southern and northern schools: the southern school became prominent, producing 南嶽 Nanyue and 靑原 Qingyuan, the former succeeded by 馬祖 Mazu, the latter by 石頭 Shitou. From Mazu's school arose the five later schools, v. 禪門; meditation school

道場


道场

see styles
Mandarin dào chǎng / dao4 chang3
Taiwan tao ch`ang / tao chang
Japanese doujou / dojo / どうじょう
Chinese Taoist or Buddhist rite; abbr. for 菩提道場|菩提道场[Pu2 ti2 dao4 chang3]
Japanese (1) dojo (hall used for martial arts training); (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 菩提道場) manda (place of Buddhist practice or meditation, esp. the place under the bodhi tree where Buddha attained enlightenment); (surname) Michiba; (place-name, surname) Douba; (place-name, surname) Doujou; (surname) Touba
Truth-plot. bodhimaṇḍala, circle, or place of enlightenment. The place where Buddha attained enlightenment. A place, or method, for attaining to Buddha-truth. An object of or place for religious offerings. A place for teaching, learning, or practising religion; site of enlightenment

靜心

see styles
Mandarin jìng xīn / jing4 xin1
Taiwan ching hsin
Chinese meditation

八正道

see styles
Mandarin bā zhèng dào / ba1 zheng4 dao4
Taiwan pa cheng tao
Japanese hasshōdō / はっしょうどう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese the Eight-fold Noble Way (Buddhism)
Japanese (Buddhist term) noble eightfold path
(八正道分) Āryamārga. The eight right or correct ways, the "eightfold noble path" for the arhat to nirvāṇa; also styled 八道船, 八正門, 八由行, 八游行, 八聖道支, 八道行, 八直行, 八直道. The eight are: (1) 正見Samyag-dṛṣṭi, correct views in regard to the Four Axioms, and freedom from the common delusion. (2) 正思 Samyak-saṁkalpa, correct thought and purpose. (3) 正語 Samyag-vāc, correct speech, avoidance of false and idle talk. (4) 正業 Samyak-karmānta, correct deed, or conduct, getting rid of all improper action so as to dwell in purity. (5) 正命 Smnyag-ājīva, correct livelihood or occupation, avoiding the five immoral occupations. (6) 正精進 Samyag-vyāyāma, correct zeal, or energy in uninterrupted progress in the way of nirvāṇa. (7) 正念 Samyak-smṛti, correct remembrance, or memory, which retains the true and excludes the false. (8) 正定 Samyak-samadhi, correct meditation, absorption, or abstraction. The 正 means of course Buddhist orthodoxy, anything contrary to this being 邪 or heterodox, and wrong.

釋迦牟尼


释迦牟尼

see styles
Mandarin shì jiā móu ní / shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2
Taiwan shih chia mou ni
Japanese Shakamuni
Chinese Siddhartha Gautama (563-485 BC), the historical Buddha and founder of Buddhism; Sakyamuni Buddha (Sanskrit: sage of the Sakya)
釋迦文 (釋迦文尼); 釋伽文 Śākyamuni, the saint of the Śākya tribe. muni is saint, holy man, sage, ascetic monk; it is: intp. as 仁 benevolent, charitable, kind, also as 寂默 one who dwells in seclusion. After '500 or 550' previous incarnations, Śākyamuni finally attained to the state of Bodhisattva, was born in the Tuṣita heaven, and descended as a white elephant, through her right side, into the womb of the immaculate Māyā, the purest woman on earth; this was on the 8th day of the 4th month; next year on the 8th day of the 2nd month he was born from her right side painlessly as she stood under a tree in the Lumbinī garden. For the subsequent miraculous events v. Eitel. also the 神通遊戲經 (Lalitavistara), the 釋迦如來成道記, etc. Simpler statements say that he was born the son of Śuddhodana, of the kṣatriya caste, ruler of Kapilavastu, and Māyā his wife; that Māyā died seven days later, leaving him to be brought up by her sister Prājapati; that in due course he was married to Yaśodharā who bore him a son, Rāhula; that in search of truth he left home, became an ascetic, severely disciplined himself, and finally at 35 years of age, under a tree, realized that the way of release from the chain of rebirth and death lay not in asceticism but in moral purity; this he explained first in his four dogmas, v. 四諦 and eightfold noble way 八正道, later amplified and developed in many sermons. He founded his community on the basis of poverty, chastity, and insight or meditation, ad it became known as Buddhism, as he became known as Buddha, the enlightened. His death was probably in or near 487 B.C., a few years before that of Confucius in 479. The sacerdotal name of his family is Gautama, said to be the original name of the whole clan, Śākya being that of his branch, v. 瞿, 喬.; his personal name was Siddhārtha, or Sarvārthasiddha, v. 悉.

瞑想

see styles
Mandarin míng xiǎng / ming2 xiang3
Taiwan ming hsiang
Japanese meisō / めいそう
Chinese to muse; to think deeply; contemplation; meditation
Japanese (noun/participle) meditation; contemplation
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

面壁

see styles
Mandarin miàn bì / mian4 bi4
Taiwan mien pi
Japanese menpeki / めんぺき
Chinese to face the wall; to sit facing the wall in meditation (Buddhism); (fig.) to devote oneself to study, work etc
Japanese meditation facing a wall; (surname) Omokabe
To sit in meditation with the face to a wall, as did Bodhidharma for nine years, without uttering a word.

see styles
Mandarin yìn / yin4
Taiwan yin
Japanese in / いん
Chinese to print; to mark; to engrave; a seal; a print; a stamp; a mark; a trace; image; surname Yin; abbr. for 印度[Yin4 du4]
Japanese (1) seal; stamp; mark; print; (2) {Buddh} mudra (symbolic hand gesture); (n,n-suf,n-pref) (3) (abbreviation) (See 印度) India; (surname) In
mudrā; seal, sign, symbol, emblem, proof, assurance, approve; also 印契; 契印; 印相. Manual signs indicative of various ideas, e. g. each finger represents one of the five primary elements, earth, water, fire, air, and space, beginning with the little finger; the left hand represents 定 stillness, or meditation, the right hand 慧 discernment or wisdom; they have also many other indications. Also, the various symbols of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, e. g. the thunderbolt; cf. 因.; (度) The five Indias, or five regions of India, idem 五天竺 q. v.


see styles
Mandarin cān / can1
Taiwan ts`an / tsan
Japanese shin
Chinese ginseng; one of the 28 constellations; to take part in; to participate; to join; to attend; to counsel; unequal; varied; irregular; uneven; not uniform; abbr. for 參議院|参议院 Senate, Upper House; three (banker's anti-fraud numeral)
Reflect on, counsel, visit superior. An assembly a gathering for the purpose of meditation, preaching, worship. Read shen, the twenty-first constellation, α, β, γ, δ, ε, ζ, η, and k in Orion.; Worship on the four fives, i. e. the fifth, tenth, twentieth, and twenty-fifth days of the month; also ||上堂; to convene

see styles
Mandarin ǎn / an3
Taiwan an
Japanese on
Chinese (interjection) oh!; (dialect) to stuff something in one's mouth; (used in buddhist transliterations) om
oṃ; auṃ; 'a word of solemn affirmation and respectful assent (sometimes translated by yes, verily, so be it, and in this sense compared with Amen). 'M. W. It is 'the mystic name for the Hindu triad', and has other significations. It was adopted by Buddhists, especially by the Tantric school, as a mystic spell, and as an object of meditation. It forms the first syllable of certain mystical combinations, e. g. 唵?呢叭 061971 吽 oṃ maṇi padme huṃ, which is a formula of the Lamaistic branch, said to be a prayer to Padmapani; each of the six syllables having its own mystic power of salvation from the lower paths of transmigration, etc.; the formula is used in sorcery, auguries, etc.; other forms of it are 唵?呢鉢頭迷吽; 唵麽抳鉢訥銘吽.

see styles
Mandarin dìng / ding4
Taiwan ting
Japanese sada / さだ
Chinese to set; to fix; to determine; to decide; to order
Japanese (adverb) (archaism) (kana only) certainly; truly; (given name) Yasushi; (given name) Tetsujou; (surname, given name) Tei; (given name) Jou; (personal name) Sadayuki; (surname) Sadame; (personal name) Sadamune; (surname, given name) Sadamu; (female given name) Sadami; (personal name) Sadanori; (personal name) Sadatsugu; (personal name) Sadazumi; (personal name) Sadaji; (given name) Sadashi; (surname, female given name) Sada
To fix, settle. samādhi. 'Composing the mind'; 'intent contemplation'; 'perfect absorption of thought into the one object of meditation.' M. W. Abstract meditation, the mind fixed in one direction, or field. (1) 散定 scattered or general meditation (in the world of desire). (2) 禪定 abstract meditation (in the realms of form and beyond form). It is also one of the five attributes of the dharmakāya 法身, i. e. an internal state of imperturbability or tranquility, exempt from all external sensations, 超受陰; cf. 三摩提.

see styles
Mandarin/ si4
Taiwan ssu
Japanese tera / てら    ji / じ
Chinese Buddhist temple; mosque; government office (old)
Japanese temple (Buddhist); (suf,ctr) counter for temples; (personal name) Teraji; (surname) Tera
vihāra, 毘訶羅 or 鼻訶羅; saṅghārāma 僧伽藍; an official hall, a temple, adopted by Buddhists for a monastery, many other names are given to it, e. g. 淨住; 法同舍; 出世舍; 精舍; 淸淨園; 金剛刹; 寂滅道場; 遠離處; 親近處 'A model vihāra ought to be built of red sandalwood, with 32 chambers, 8 tāla trees in height, with a garden, park and bathing tank attached; it ought to have promenades for peripatetic meditation and to be richly furnished with stores of clothes, food, bedsteads, mattresses, medicines and all creature comforts.' Eitel; Buddhist temple

see styles
Mandarin/ la4
Taiwan la
Japanese rou / ro / ろう
Chinese old variant of 臘|腊[la4]; 12th lunar month
Japanese (1) {Buddh} year in the Buddhist order (after the completion of the first meditation retreat); (2) becoming more experienced with age; social status based on this experience
The end of a Buddhist year; a Buddhist year; v. 臘; a year in training in the Buddhist order


see styles
Mandarin/ la4
Taiwan la
Japanese rou / ro / ろう
Chinese 12th lunar month; preserved (meat, fish etc)
Japanese (1) {Buddh} offering ceremony held on the third day of the dog after the winter solstice; (2) twelfth month of the lunisolar calendar; (3) (See 臈) year in the Buddhist order (after the completion of the first meditation retreat)
Dried flesh; to sacrifice to the gods three days after the winter solstice; the end of the year; a year; a monastic year, i.e. the end of the annual summer retreat, also called 戒臘; 夏臘; 法臘.

see styles
Mandarin guān / guan1
Taiwan kuan
Japanese kan / かん
Chinese Japanese variant of 觀|观[guan1]
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) look; appearance; (2) spectacle; sight; (3) {Buddh} observation meditation; (suffix noun) (4) outlook on ...; view of ...; (female given name) Miru; (male given name) Nozomu; (surname) Ken; (surname) Kansaki; (surname, given name) Kan; (given name) Akira


see styles
Mandarin lún / lun2
Taiwan lun
Japanese rin / りん
Chinese wheel; disk; ring; steamship; to take turns; to rotate; by turn; classifier for big round objects: disk, or recurring events: round, turn
Japanese (counter) counter for wheels and flowers; (female given name) Run; (female given name) Rin; (female given name) Meguri
cakra; wheel, disc, rotation, to revolve; v. 研. The three wheels are 惑業苦illusion, karma, suffering, in constant revolution. The five are earth, water, fire, wind, and space; the earth rests on revolving spheres of water, fire, wind, and space. The nine are seen on the tops of pagodas, cf. 九輪.; The two wheels of a cart compared by the Tiantai school to 定 (or to its Tiantai form 止觀) and 慧 meditation and wisdom; see 止觀 5. Also 食 food and 法 the doctrine, i. e. food physical and spiritual.


see styles
Mandarin zhāi / zhai1
Taiwan chai
Japanese hitoshi / ひとし    toki / とき    sai / さい    itsuki / いつき
Chinese to fast or abstain from meat, wine etc; vegetarian diet; study room; building; to give alms (to a monk)
Japanese (surname) Hitoshi; (personal name) Toki; (surname) Sai; (surname, given name) Itsuki
To reverence: abstinence; to purify as by fasting, or abstaining, e.g. from flesh food; religious or abstinential duties, or times; upavasatha (uposatha), a fast; the ritual period for food, i.e. before noon; a room for meditation, a study, a building, etc., devoted to abstinence, chastity, or the Buddhist religion; mourning (for parents).

三味

see styles
Mandarin sān wèi / san1 wei4
Taiwan san wei
Japanese sami / さみ
Japanese three-stringed guitar; (surname) Mitsuaji; (given name) Sanmi
The three flavours, or pleasant savours: the monastic life, reading the scriptures, meditation; three flavors

三多

see styles
Mandarin sān duō / san1 duo1
Taiwan san to
Japanese mitsuda / みつだ    mita / みた    sanda / さんだ    santa / さんた
Japanese (personal name) Mitsuda; (surname) Mita; (surname) Sanda; (surname, given name) Santa
Much intercourse with good friends, much hearing of the Law, much meditation on the impure. Also, much worship, much service of good friends, much inquiry on important doctrines. There are other groups; three kinds of quantity

三學


三学

see styles
Mandarin sān xué / san1 xue2
Taiwan san hsüeh
Japanese sangaku
The "three studies" or vehicles of learning— discipline, meditation, wisdom: (a) 戒學 learning by the commandments, or prohibitions, so as to guard against the evil consequences of error by mouth, body, or mind, i.e. word, deed, or thought; (b) 定學 learning by dhyāna, or quietist meditation; (c) 慧學 learning by philosophy, i.e. study of principles and solving of doubts. Also the Tripiṭaka; the 戒 being referred to the 律 vinaya, the 定 to the 經 sūtras, and the to the 論 śāstras; three practices

三忍

see styles
Mandarin sān rěn / san1 ren3
Taiwan san jen
Japanese sannin
The tree forms of kṣānti, i.e. patience (or endurance, tolerance). One of the groups is patience under hatred, under physical hardship, and in pursuit of the faith. Another is patience of the blessed in the Pure Land in understanding the truth they hear, patience in obeying the truth, patience in attaining absolute reality; v. 無量壽經. Another is patience in the joy of remembering Amitābha, patience in meditation on his truth, and patience in constant faith in him. Another is the patience of submission, of faith, and of obedience; three kinds of tolerance

三慧

see styles
Mandarin sān huì / san1 hui4
Taiwan san hui
Japanese misato / みさと
Japanese (female given name) Misato
The three modes of attaining moral wisdom: 聞慧 from reading, hearing, instruction; 思慧 from reflection, etc.; 修慧 from practice (of abstract meditation); three kinds of wisdom

三昧

see styles
Mandarin sān mèi / san1 mei4
Taiwan san mei
Japanese sanmai;zanmai / さんまい;ざんまい
Chinese Samadhi (Buddhist term)
Japanese (1) (さんまい only) {Buddh} samadhi (state of intense concentration achieved through meditation) (san:); (suffix noun) (2) (usu. ざんまい) concentrating on something; absorbing oneself in something; indulging in something; (given name) Sanmai
(三昧地) Samādhi, "putting together, composing the mind, intent contemplation, perfect absorption, union of the meditator with the object of meditation." (M. W.) Also 三摩地 (三摩提, 三摩帝, 三摩底). Interpreted by 定 or 正定, the mind fixed and undisturbed; by 正受 correct sensation of the object contemplated; by 調直定 ordering and fixing the mind; by 正心行處 the condition when the motions of the mind are steadied and harmonized with the object; by 息慮凝心 the cessation of distraction and the fixation of the mind; by 等持 the mind held in equilibrium; by 奢摩他, i.e. 止息 to stay the breathing. It is described as concentration of the mind (upon an object). The aim is 解脫, mukti, deliverance from all the trammels of life, the bondage of the passions and reincarnations. It may pass from abstraction to ecstasy, or rapture, or trance. Dhyāna 定 represents a simpler form of contemplation; samāpatti 三摩鉢底 a stage further advanced; and samādhi the highest stage of the Buddhist equivalent for Yoga, though Yoga is considered by some as a Buddhist development differing from samādhi. The 翻譯名義 says: 思專 when the mind has been concentrated, then 志一不分 the will is undivided; when 想寂 active thought has been put to rest, then 氣虛神朗 the material becomes etherealized and the spirit liberated, on which 智 knowledge, or the power to know, has free course, and there is no mystery into which it cannot probe. Cf. 智度論 5, 20, 23, 28; 止觀 2; 大乘義章 2, 9, 1 3, 20, etc. There are numerous kinds and degrees of samādhi.

三樂


三乐

see styles
Mandarin sān lè / san1 le4
Taiwan san le
Japanese sanraku
The three joys— the joy of being born a deva, the joy of meditation, the joy of nirvana.

三病

see styles
Mandarin sān bìng / san1 bing4
Taiwan san ping
Japanese sanbyō
The three ailments: (1) (a) 貪 lust, for which the 不淨觀 meditation on uncleanness is the remedy; (b) 瞋 anger, or hate, remedy 慈悲觀 meditation on kindness and pity; (c) 癡 stupidity, or ignorance, remedy 因緣觀 meditation on causality. (2) (a) 謗 Slander of Mahāyāna; (b) 五逆罪 the five gross sins; (c) to be a "heathen" or outsider; the forms recorded seem to be icchantika, ecchantika, and aicchantika. Cf. 三毒; three diseases

三省

see styles
Japanese sansei / sanse / さんせい    sanshou / sansho / さんしょう Japanese (noun/participle) frequent reflection (meditation); (1) (See 律令制) three ministries (under the ritsuryo system: Ministries of Civil Services, Health & War); (2) three departments (in Tang-dynasty China: Secretariat, Chancellory & Dept. of State Affairs); (personal name) Miyoshi; (male given name) Mitsuyoshi; (given name) Mitsumi; (given name) Mitsugu; (given name) Sansei; (given name) Sanshou; (given name) Kazumi

三福

see styles
Mandarin sān fú / san1 fu2
Taiwan san fu
Japanese mifuku / みふく    sanpuku / さんぷく
Japanese (place-name, surname) Mifuku; (given name) Sanpuku
The three (sources of) felicity: (1) The 無量壽經 has the felicity of (a) 世福 filial piety, regard for elders, keeping the ten commandments; (b) 戒福 of keeping the other commandments; (c) 行福 of resolve on complete bodhi and the pursuit of the Buddha-way. (2) The 倶舍論 18, has the blessedness of (a) 施類福 almsgiving, in evoking resultant wealth; (b) 戒類福 observance of the 性戒 (against killing, stealing, adultery, lying) and the 遮戒 (against alcohol, etc.), in obtaining a happy lot in the heavens; (c) 修類福 observance of meditation in obtaining final escape from the mortal round. Cf. 三種淨業; three felicitous acts

三禪


三禅

see styles
Mandarin sān chán / san1 chan2
Taiwan san ch`an / san chan
Japanese sanzen
The third dhyāna heaven of form, the highest paradise of form; third meditation

三行

see styles
Mandarin sān xíng / san1 xing2
Taiwan san hsing
Japanese miyuki / みゆき    mitsuyuki / みつゆき
Japanese (g,p) Miyuki; (surname) Mitsuyuki
Three lines of action that affect karma, i.e. the ten good deeds that cause happy karma; the ten evil deeds that cause unhappy karma; 不動業 or 無動行 karma arising without activity, e.g. meditation on error and its remedy; three karmic activities

三術


三术

see styles
Mandarin sān shù / san1 shu4
Taiwan san shu
Japanese sanjutsu
Three devices in meditation for getting rid of Māra-hindrances: within, to get rid of passion and delusion; without, to refuse or to withdraw from external temptation; three techniques

上心

see styles
Mandarin shàng xīn / shang4 xin1
Taiwan shang hsin
Japanese jōshin
Chinese carefully; meticulously; to set one's heart on something
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

中觀


中观

see styles
Mandarin zhōng guān / zhong1 guan1
Taiwan chung kuan
Japanese chū gan
Meditation on the Mean, one of the 三觀; also meditation on the absolute which unites all opposites. There are various forms of such meditation, that of the 法相宗, the 三論宗, the 天台宗. v. 中論; contemplation of the middle way

九地

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ de / jiu3 de
Taiwan chiu te
Japanese kyuuchi / kyuchi / きゅうち
Japanese very low land; (surname) Kuji
The nine lands, i.e. the 欲界 realm of desire or sensuous realm the four 色界 realms of form or material forms; and the four 無色界 formless realms, or realms beyond form; v. 九有, 九有情居, 禪 and 定. The nine realms are:—(1) 欲界五趣地; the desire realm with its five gati, i.e. hells, hungry ghosts, animals, men, and devas. In the four form-realms are:— (2) 離生喜樂地 Paradise after earthly life, this is also the first dhyāna, or subject of meditation, 初禪. (3) 定生喜樂地 Paradise of cessation of rebirth, 二禪. (4) 離喜妙樂地 Land of wondrous joy after the previous joys, 三禪. (5) 捨念淸淨地 The Pure Land of abandonment of thought, or recollection (of past delights), 四禪. The four formless, or infinite realms, catur arūpa dhātu, are:—(6) 空無邊處地 ākāśānantyā-yatanam, the land of infinite space; also the first samādhi, 第一定. (7) 識無邊處地 vijñānānamtyāyatanam, the land of omniscience, or infinite perception, 二定. (8) 無所有處地 ākiñcanyāyatana, the land of nothingness, 三定. (9) 非想非非想處地 naivasaṁjñānā-saṁjñāyatana, the land (of knowledge) without thinking or not thinking, or where there is neither consciousness nor unconsciousness, i.e. above either; this is the 四定. Eitel says that in the last four, "Life lasts 20,000 great kalpas in the 1st, 40,000 in the 2nd, 60,000 in the 3rd, and 80,000 great kalpas in the 4th of these heavens."; nine levels of existence

九想

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ xiǎng / jiu3 xiang3
Taiwan chiu hsiang
Japanese kusō
(九想觀) or 九相 navasaṃjñā. Meditation on a corpse in order to curb desire; one of the meditations on the unclean: vyādhmātakasaṃjñā, its tumefaction; vinīlakas., its blue, mottled colour; vipadumakas., its decay; vilohitakas., its mess of blood,etc.; vipūyakas., its discharges and rotten flesh; vikhāditakas., its being devoured by birds and beasts; vikṣiptakas., its dismembering; asthis., its bones; vidagdhakas., their being burnt and returning to dust.

二善

see styles
Mandarin èr shàn / er4 shan4
Taiwan erh shan
Japanese futayoshi / ふたよし
Japanese (surname) Futayoshi
The two good things, 定善 the good character that arises from meditation or contemplation mdash especially of the Pure Land; 散善 the good character attainable when, though not in meditation, one controls oneself in thought, word, and deed;. Also 未生善 the good character not yet evolved; and 已生善 the good character already evolved;. Also 事理善 goodness in theory and practice; two kinds of goodness

二學


二学

see styles
Mandarin èr xué / er4 xue2
Taiwan erh hsüeh
Japanese nigaku
The two kinds of study or learning: (a) reading and reciting, (b) meditation and thought.

二忍

see styles
Mandarin èr rěn / er4 ren3
Taiwan erh jen
Japanese ninin
The two patiences or endurances: 衆生忍 patience towards all under all circumstances; 無生(法)忍 calm rest, as a bodhisattva、in the assurance of no (re-) birth, i.e. in immortality. Also 安受苦忍 patience under suffering, and 觀察法忍 imperturbable examination of or meditation in the law or of all things. Also, physical and mental patience, or endurance; two endurances

二禪


二禅

see styles
Mandarin èr chán / er4 chan2
Taiwan erh ch`an / erh chan
Japanese nizen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

二美

see styles
Mandarin èr měi / er4 mei3
Taiwan erh mei
Japanese fumi / ふみ    futami / ふたみ    nimi / にみ    naomi / なおみ    tsugumi / つぐみ
Japanese (female given name) Fumi; (surname, female given name) Futami; (surname, female given name) Nimi; (female given name) Naomi; (female given name) Tsugumi
Two excellent things, i.e. meditation and wisdom.

二觀


二观

see styles
Mandarin èr guān / er4 guan1
Taiwan erh kuan
Japanese nikan
The two universal bases of meditation: 事觀 the external forms, or the phenomenal, and 理觀 the real or underlying nature, i. e. practice and theory; two kinds of meditation

二食

see styles
Mandarin èr shí / er4 shi2
Taiwan erh shih
Japanese nishoku;nijiki(ok) / にしょく;にじき(ok)
Japanese two meals; (eating) two meals a day
The two kinds of food: (1) (a) The joy of the Law; (b) the bliss of meditation. (2) (a)The right kind of monk's livelihood - by mendicancy; (b) the wrong kind - by any other means.

五力

see styles
Mandarin wǔ lì / wu3 li4
Taiwan wu li
Japanese goriki
pañcabalāni, the five powers or faculties — one of the categories of the thirty-seven bodhipakṣika dharma 三十七助道品; they destroy the 五障 five obstacles, each by each, and are: 信力 śraddhābala, faith (destroying doubt); 精進力 vīryabala, zeal (destroying remissness); 念 or 勤念 smṛtibala, memory or thought (destroying falsity); 正定力 samādhibala, concentration of mind, or meditation (destroying confused or wandering thoughts); and 慧力 prajñābala, wisdom (destroying all illusion and delusion). Also the five transcendent powers, i. e. 定力 the power of meditation; 通力 the resulting supernatural powers; 借識力 adaptability, or powers of 'borrowing' or evolving any required organ of sense, or knowledge, i. e. by beings above the second dhyāna heavens; 大願力 the power of accomplishing a vow by a Buddha or bodhisattva; and 法威德力 the august power of Dharma. Also, the five kinds of Mara powers exerted on sight, 五大明王.

五專


五专

see styles
Mandarin wǔ zhuān / wu3 zhuan1
Taiwan wu chuan
Japanese gosen
The five special things, or five devotions, observance of any one of which, according to the Japanese 眞宗 Shin sect, ensures rebirth in the Pure Land; they are 專禮, 專讀, 專觀, 專名, or 專讚嘆 either worship, reading, meditation, invocation, or praise; five kinds of devotion

五師


五师

see styles
Mandarin wǔ shī / wu3 shi1
Taiwan wu shih
Japanese goshi / ごし
Japanese (surname) Goshi
The five masters or teachers, i. e. respectively of the sutras, the vinaya, the śāstras, the abhidharma, and meditation. A further division is made of 異世五師 and 同世五師. The first, i. e. of different periods, are Mahākāśyapa, Ānanda, Madhyāntika, Śāṇavāsa, and Upagupta; another group connected with the Vinaya is Upāli, Dāsaka, Sonaka, Siggava, and Moggaliputra Tissva. The 同世 or five of the same period are variously stated: the Sarvāstivādins say they were the five immediate disciples of Upagupta, i. e. Dharmagupta, etc.; see 五部.

五度

see styles
Mandarin wǔ dù / wu3 du4
Taiwan wu tu
Japanese godo
Chinese five degrees; fifth (basic musical interval, doh to soh)
The five means of transportation over the sea of mortality to salvation; they are the five pāramitās 五波羅蜜— almsgiving, commandment-keeping, patience under provocation, zeal, and meditation; five perfections

五根

see styles
Mandarin wǔ gēn / wu3 gen1
Taiwan wu ken
Japanese gokon
pañcendriyāṇi. (1) The five roots, i. e. the five organs of the senses: eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and body as roots of knowing. (2) The five spiritual organs pr positive agents: 信 faith, 精進 energy, 念 memory, 定 visionary meditation, 慧 wisdom. The 五力 q. v. are regarded as negative agents; five faculties

五食

see styles
Mandarin wǔ shí / wu3 shi2
Taiwan wu shih
Japanese gojiki
The five kinds of spiritual food by which roots of goodness are nourished: correct thoughts; delight in the Law; pleasure in meditation; firm resolve, or vows of self-control; and deliverance from the karma of illusion; five kinds of nourishment

佛頂


佛顶

see styles
Mandarin fú dǐng / fu2 ding3
Taiwan fu ting
Japanese butchō
Śākyamuni in the third court of the Garbhadhātu is represented as the佛頂尊 in meditation as Universal Wise Sovereign. The 五佛頂q.v. Five Buddhas are on his left representing his Wisdom. The three 佛頂 on his right are called 廣大佛頂, 極廣大佛頂, and 無邊音聲佛頂; in all they are the eight 佛頂.; A title of the esoteric sect for their form of Buddha, or Buddhas, especially of Vairocana of the Vajradhātu and Śākyamuni of the Garbhadhātu groups. Also, an abbreviation of a dhāraṇī as is | | | 經 of a sutra, and there are other | | | scriptures.

依版

see styles
Mandarin yī bǎn / yi1 ban3
Taiwan i pan
Japanese ehan
禪版 A board to lean against when in meditation; leaning board

修禪


修禅

see styles
Mandarin xiū chán / xiu1 chan2
Taiwan hsiu ch`an / hsiu chan
Japanese shūzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

假觀


假观

see styles
Mandarin jiǎ guān / jia3 guan1
Taiwan chia kuan
Japanese kekan
The meditation on relative truth, or phenomenal and therefore illusory existence, in comparison with 空 and 中 q. v; contemplation of the nominal

停心

see styles
Mandarin tíng xīn / ting2 xin1
Taiwan t`ing hsin / ting hsin
Japanese teishin
To fix or settle the mind in meditation, cf. 五停心觀.

像觀


像观

see styles
Mandarin xiàng guān / xiang4 guan1
Taiwan hsiang kuan
Japanese zō kan
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

僧堂

see styles
Mandarin sēng táng / seng1 tang2
Taiwan seng t`ang / seng tang
Japanese soudou / sodo / そうどう
Japanese temple meditation hall or certain other temple structures; (place-name) Soudou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

兀坐

see styles
Mandarin wù zuò / wu4 zuo4
Taiwan wu tso
Japanese gotsuza
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

入禪


入禅

see styles
Mandarin rù chán / ru4 chan2
Taiwan ju ch`an / ju chan
Japanese nyūzen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

入觀


入观

see styles
Mandarin rù guān / ru4 guan1
Taiwan ju kuan
Japanese nyūkan
To enter into meditation; it differs from 入定 as 定 means 自心之寂靜 complete stillness of the mind, while 觀 means 自觀照理 thought and study for enlightenment in regard to truth.

兩翅


两翅

see styles
Mandarin liǎng chì / liang3 chi4
Taiwan liang ch`ih / liang chih
Japanese ryōshi
The two wings of 定 and 慧 meditation and wisdom.

八忍

see styles
Mandarin bā rěn / ba1 ren3
Taiwan pa jen
Japanese hachinin
The eight kṣānti, or powers of patient endurance, in the desire-realm and the two realms above it, necessary to acquire the full realization of the truth of the Four Axioms, 四諦; these four give rise to the 四法忍, i.e. 苦, 集, 滅, 道法忍, the endurance or patient pursuit that results in their realization. In the realm of form and the formless, they are called the 四類忍. By patient meditation the 見惑 false or perplexed views will cease, and the八智 eight kinds of jñāna or gnosis be acquired; therefore 智 results from忍 and the sixteen, 八忍八智 (or 觀), are called the 十六心, i.e. the sixteen mental conditions during the stage of 見道, when 惑 illusions or perplexities of view are destroyed. Such is the teaching of the 唯識宗. The 八智 are 苦, 集, 滅,道法智 and 苦, etc. 類智.

八觸


八触

see styles
Mandarin bā chù / ba1 chu4
Taiwan pa ch`u / pa chu
Japanese hassoku
Eight physical sensations which hinder meditation in its early stages: restlessness, itching, buoyancy, heaviness, coldness, heat, roughness, smoothness. 止觀 8; eight sensations

六卽

see styles
Mandarin liù jí / liu4 ji2
Taiwan liu chi
Japanese rokusoku
The six stages of Bodhisattva developments as defined in the Tiant 'ai 圓教, i. e. Perfect, or Final Teaching, in contrast with the previous, or ordinary six developments of 十信, 十住, 十行, etc., as found in the 別教 Differentiated or Separate school. The Tiantai six are: (1) 理卽 realization that all beings are of Buddha-nature; (2) 名字卽 the apprehension of terms, that those who only hear and believe are in the Buddha. law and potentially Buddha; (3) 觀行卽 advance beyond terminology to meditation, or study and accordant action; it is known as 五品觀行 or 五品弟子位; (4) 相似卽 semblance stage, or approximation to perfection in purity, the 六根淸淨位, i. e. the 十信位; (5) 分證卽 discrimination of truth and its progressive experiential proof, i. e. the 十住, 十行, 十廻向, 十地, and 等覺位 of the 別教 known also as the 聖因 cause or root of holiness. (6) 究竟卽 perfect enlightenment, i. e. the 妙覺位 or 聖果 fruition of holiness. (1) and (2) are known as 外凡 external for, or common to, all. (1) is theoretical; (2) is the first step in practical advance, followed by (3) and (4) styled 内凡 internal for all, and (3), (4), (5), and (6) are known as the 八位 the eight grades; six identicals

六度

see styles
Mandarin liù dù / liu4 du4
Taiwan liu tu
Japanese rokudo / ろくど
Japanese (surname) Rokudo
The six things that ferry one beyond the sea of mortality to nirvana, i. e. the six pāramitās 波羅蜜 (波羅蜜多): (1) 布施 dāna, charity, or giving, including the bestowing of the truth on others; (2) 持戒 śīla, keeping the command rents; (3) 忍辱 kṣānti, patience under insult; (4) 精進 vīrya, zeal and progress; (5) 闡定 dhyāna, meditation or contemplation; (6) 智慧 prajñā; wisdom, the power to discern reality or truth. It is the last that carries across the saṃsāra (sea of incarnate life) to the shores of nirvana. The opposites of these virtues are meanness, wickedness, anger, sloth, a distracted mind, and ignorance. The 唯識論 adds four other pāramitās: (7) 方便 upāya, the use of appropriate means; (8) 願 praṇidhāna, pious vows; (9) 力 bala, power of fulfillment; (10) 智 jñāna knowledge; six perfections

出定

see styles
Mandarin chū dìng / chu1 ding4
Taiwan ch`u ting / chu ting
Japanese shutsujou / shutsujo / しゅつじょう
Japanese (noun/participle) {Buddh} (ant: 入定) leaving a state of intense concentration
To come out of the state of dhyāna; to enter into it is 入定; to emerge from meditation

出觀


出观

see styles
Mandarin chū guān / chu1 guan1
Taiwan ch`u kuan / chu kuan
Japanese shukkan
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

初禪


初禅

see styles
Mandarin chū chán / chu1 chan2
Taiwan ch`u ch`an / chu chan
Japanese shozen
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

助道

see styles
Mandarin zhù dào / zhu4 dao4
Taiwan chu tao
Japanese sukemichi / すけみち
Japanese (surname) Sukemichi
Auxiliary means, e.g. of meditation; auxiliary discipline; any aid to faith or virtue; auxiliary way

十乘

see styles
Mandarin shí chéng / shi2 cheng2
Taiwan shih ch`eng / shih cheng
Japanese jūjō
(十乘觀) A T'ien-t'ai mode of meditation in ten "vehicles" or stages, for the attainment of bodhi.

十心

see styles
Mandarin shí xīn / shi2 xin1
Taiwan shih hsin
Japanese jisshin
The ten kinds of heart or mind; there are three groups. One is from the 止觀 4, minds ignorant and dark; affected by evil companions; not following the good; doing evil in thought, word, deed; spreading evil abroad; unceasingly wicked; secret sin; open crime; utterly shameless; denying cause and effect (retribution)―all such must remain in the flow 流 of reincarnation. The second group (from the same book) is the 逆流 the mind striving against the stream of perpetual reincarnation; it shows itself in devout faith, shame (for sin), fear (of wrong-doing), repentance and confession, reform, bodhi (i.e. the bodhisattva mind), doing good, maintaining the right law, thinking on all the Buddhas, meditation on the void (or, the unreality of sin). The third is the 眞言 group from the 大日經疏 3; the "seed" heart (i.e. the original good desire), the sprout (under Buddhist religious influence), the bud, leaf, flower, fruit, its serviceableness; the child-heart, the discriminating heart, the heart of settled judgment (or resolve); ten kinds of mind

十門


十门

see styles
Mandarin shí mén / shi2 men2
Taiwan shih men
Japanese jūmon
The ten "doors" or connections between事 and 理; 事 is defined as 現象 form and 理 as 本體 substance; the common illustration of wave and water indicates the idea thus expressed. The 理事無礎十門 means that in ten ways form and substance are not separate, unconnected entities. (1) li the substance is always present with shih the phenomena; (2) shih is always present with li; (3) shih depends on li for its existence; (4) the shih can reveal the li; (5) the shih (mere form, which is unreal) can disappear in the li;(6) the shih can conceal the li; (7) the true li is the shih; (8) the shih is li; (9) the true li (or reality) is not the shih; (10) the shih is not the (whole) li; v. 華嚴大疏 2. 周遍含容觀十門 The fifth of the five 觀 meditations of the 華嚴宗, i.e. on li and shih, e.g. (1) the li is as the shih; (2) the shih is as the li; 理如事, 事如理 and so on. The 止觀十門 in the 宗鏡録35, also deals with li and shih chiefly for purposes of meditation. Another group, the 華嚴釋經十門, treats of the Canon and the schools.

參堂


参堂

see styles
Mandarin cān táng / can1 tang2
Taiwan ts`an t`ang / tsan tang
Japanese sandō
The initiation to the services of one newly ordained; to enter the meditation hall

吹禅

see styles
Japanese suizen / すいぜん Japanese (obscure) Zen blowing meditation (performed with shakuhachi)

四定

see styles
Mandarin sì dìng / si4 ding4
Taiwan ssu ting
Japanese shijō
The four dhyāna heavens of form, and the four degrees of dhyāna corresponding to them; four meditation heavens

四慧

see styles
Mandarin sì huì / si4 hui4
Taiwan ssu hui
Japanese shie
The four kinds of wisdom received: (1) by birth, or nature; (2) by hearing, or being taught; (3) by thought; (4) by dhyāna meditation.

四支

see styles
Mandarin sì zhī / si4 zhi1
Taiwan ssu chih
Japanese shi shi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

四道

see styles
Mandarin sì dào / si4 dao4
Taiwan ssu tao
Japanese shimichi / しみち    shidou / shido / しどう
Japanese (surname) Shimichi; (surname) Shidou
The Dao or road means the nirvana road; the 'four' are rather modes of progress, or stages in it: (1) 加行道 discipline or effort, i. e. progress from the 三賢 and 四善根 stages to that of the 三學位, i. e. morality, meditation, and understanding; (2) 無間道 uninterrupted progress to the stage in which all delusion is banished; (3) 解脫道 liberaton, or freedom, reaching the state of assurance or proof and knowledge of the truth; and (4) 勝進道 surpassing progress in dhyāni-wisdom. Those four stages are also associated with those of srota-āpanna, sakṛdāgāmin, anāgāmin, and arhat; four paths

圓修


圆修

see styles
Mandarin yuán xiū / yuan2 xiu1
Taiwan yüan hsiu
Japanese enshu
(1) TO observe the complete Tiantai meditation, at one and the same time to comprehend the three ideas of 空假中 q.v. (2) To keep all the commandments perfectly; perfectly practice

在定

see styles
Mandarin zài dìng / zai4 ding4
Taiwan tsai ting
Japanese arisada / ありさだ
Japanese (surname) Arisada
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

坐中

see styles
Mandarin zuò zhōng / zuo4 zhong1
Taiwan tso chung
Japanese zachū
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

坐亡

see styles
Mandarin zuò wáng / zuo4 wang2
Taiwan tso wang
Japanese zabō
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

坐具

see styles
Mandarin zuò jù / zuo4 ju4
Taiwan tso chü
Japanese zagu
given as niṣīdana, an article for sitting on, said to be a cloth, or mat; a meditation article

坐化

see styles
Mandarin zuò huà / zuo4 hua4
Taiwan tso hua
Japanese zake
Chinese to die in a seated posture (Buddhism)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

坐參


坐参

see styles
Mandarin zuò cān / zuo4 can1
Taiwan tso ts`an / tso tsan
Japanese zasan
The evening meditation at a monastery (preceding instruction by the abbot); sitting meditation before the evening sermon

坐堂

see styles
Mandarin zuò táng / zuo4 tang2
Taiwan tso t`ang / tso tang
Japanese zadō
A sitting room, the assembly room of the monks; meditation hall

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This page contains 100 results for "meditation" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

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No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

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Japanese Kanji Dictionary

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