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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin sēng / seng1
Taiwan seng
Japanese sou / so / そう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese monk; Sangha, the Buddhist monastic order
Japanese monk; priest; (surname) Sou
僧伽 saṅgha, an assembly, collection, company, society. The corporate assembly of at least three (formerly four) monks under a chairman, empowered to hear confession, grant absolution, and ordain. The church or monastic order, the third member of the triratna. The term 僧 used alone has come to mean a monk, or monks in general. Also僧佉, 僧加, 僧企耶.; A fully ordained monk, i.e. a bhikṣu as contrasted with the śramaņa.

see styles
Mandarin/ li3
Taiwan li
Japanese ri / り
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese texture; grain (of wood); inner essence; intrinsic order; reason; logic; truth; science; natural science (esp. physics); to manage; to pay attention to; to run (affairs); to handle; to put in order; to tidy up
Japanese (1) reason; principle; logic; (2) {Buddh} (See 事・じ) general principle (as opposed to individual concrete phenomenon); (3) (in neo-Confucianism) the underlying principles of the cosmos; (given name) Wataru; (surname) Risaki; (personal name) Ria; (given name) Ri; (female given name) Michi; (personal name) Masaru; (given name) Masashi; (personal name) Masa; (female given name) Makoto; (given name) Tooru; (given name) Tadasu; (given name) Tadashi; (given name) Takashi; (female given name) Sunaho; (female given name) Satoru; (female given name) Satori; (female given name) Satomi; (male given name) Satoshi; (given name) Sadamu; (female given name) Kotoha
siddhānta; hetu. Ruling principle, fundamental law, intrinsicality, universal basis, essential element; nidāna, reason; pramāṇa, to arrange, regulate, rule, rectify.


see styles
Mandarin chán / chan2
Taiwan ch`an / chan
Japanese yuzuri / ゆずり    zen / ぜん
Chinese to abdicate; dhyana (Sanskrit); Zen; meditation (Buddhism)
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism); (surname) Yuzuri; (personal name) Zen
To level a place for an altar, to sacrifice to the hills and fountains; to abdicate. Adopted by Buddhists for dhyāna, 禪 or 禪那, i.e. meditation, abstraction, trance. dhyāna is 'meditation, thought, reflection, especially profound and abstract religious contemplation'. M.W. It was intp. as 'getting rid of evil', etc., later as 靜慮 quiet meditation. It is a form of 定, but that word is more closely allied with samādhi, cf. 禪定. The term also connotes Buddhism and Buddhist things in general, but has special application to the 禪宗 q.v. It is one of the six pāramitās, cf. 波. There are numerous methods and subjects of meditation. The eighteen brahmalokas are divided into four dhyāna regions 'corresponding to certain frames of mind where individuals might be reborn in strict accordance with their spiritual state'. The first three are the first dhyāna, the second three the second dhyāna, the third three the third dhyāna, and the remaining nine the fourth dhyāna. See Eitel. According to Childers' Pali Dictionary, 'The four jhānas are four stages of mystic meditation, whereby the believer's mind is purged from all earthly emotions, and detached as it were from his body, which remains plunged in a profound trance.' Seated cross-legged, the practiser 'concentrates his mind upon a single thought. Gradually his soul becomes filled with a supernatural ecstasy and serenity', his mind still reasoning: this is the first jhāna. Concentrating his mind on the same subject, he frees it from reasoning, the ecstasy and serenity remaining, which is the second jhāna. Then he divests himself of ecstasy, reaching the third stage of serenity. Lastly, in the fourth stage the mind becomes indifferent to all emotions, being exalted above them and purified. There are differences in the Mahāyāna methods, but similarity of aim.

see styles
Mandarin jīn / jin1
Taiwan chin
Japanese kin / きん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese gold; chemical element Au; generic term for lustrous and ductile metals; money; golden; highly respected; one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]; surname Jin; surname Kim (Korean); Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) gold (Au); golden (color); gold (medal, cup); (adj-no,n) (2) valuable; of highest value; (3) money; gold coin (orig. meaning); (4) (abbreviation) (See 金曜) Friday; (5) (See 五行・1) metal (fourth of the five elements); (6) Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE); (n,n-suf) (7) (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 金将) gold general; (8) (abbreviation) (colloquialism) (See 金玉・きんたま) testicles; (suf,ctr) (9) karat; carat; (surname) Kimu; Kim; (surname) Yun; (personal name) Dzin; (personal name) Chin; (surname) Chiyon; (personal name) Jin; (surname) Jiyon; (surname) Jun; (surname) Jiyai; (surname) Kon; (surname) Kintaka; (personal name) Kinji; (surname, female given name) Kin; (surname) Kiyon; (personal name) Kaneyuki; (personal name) Kanenori; (surname) Kanetaka; (personal name) Kaneshi; (personal name) Kanekatsu; (surname) Kane
hiraṇya, 伊爛拏 which means cold, any precious metal, semen, etc.; or 蘇伐刺 suvarṇa, which means "of a good or beautiful colour", "golden", "yellow", "gold", "a gold coin", etc. The Chinese means metal, gold, money.


see styles
Mandarin yín / yin2
Taiwan yin
Japanese ginji / ぎんじ    ginsaki / ぎんさき    gin / ぎん
Chinese silver; silver-colored; relating to money or currency
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) silver (Ag); (2) silver coin; money; (3) silver medal; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (4) silver colour; silver color; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) silver (Ag); (2) silver coin; money; (3) silver medal; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (4) silver colour; silver color; (5) (shogi) (abbreviation) silver general; (out-dated kanji) (1) money; (2) metal; (personal name) Ginji; (surname) Ginsaki; (surname, female given name) Gin
rūpya. Silver; money.

see styles
Mandarin guǐ / gui3
Taiwan kuei
Japanese oni(p);ki / おに(P);き
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese ghost; demon; terrible; damnable; clever; sly; crafty; (suffix for sb with a certain vice or addiction etc); one of the 28 constellations
Japanese (1) oni; ogre; demon; (2) (See 亡魂) spirit of a deceased person; (3) (おに only) ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.); (4) (おに only) (See 鬼ごっこ・おにごっこ) it (in a game of tag, hide-and-seek, etc.); (5) (き only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (prefix) (6) (おに only) (slang) (See 超・1) very; extremely; super-; (surname) Miniwa; (surname) Kisaragi; (surname) Oniyanagi; (personal name) Onikatsu; (surname) Oni
preta 薜荔多, departed, dead; a disembodied spirit, dead person, ghost; a demon, evil being; especially a 餓鬼 hungry ghost. They are of many kinds. The Fan-i ming i classifies them as poor, medium, and rich; each again thrice subdivided: (1) (a) with mouths like burning torches; (b) throats no bigger than needles; (c) vile breath, disgusting to themselves; (2) (a) needle-haired, self-piercing; (b) hair sharp and stinking; (c) having great wens on whose pus they must feed. (3) (a) living on the remains of sacrifices; (b) on leavings in general; (c) powerful ones, yakṣas, rākṣasas, piśācas, etc. All belong to the realm of Yama, whence they are sent everywhere, consequently are ubiquitous in every house, lane, market, mound, stream, tree, etc.

中道

see styles
Mandarin zhōng dào / zhong1 dao4
Taiwan chung tao
Japanese nakamichi / なかみち    chuudou / chudo / ちゅうどう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese road through the middle; middle road; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) middle of the road; moderation; golden mean; (2) the middle (of what one is doing); half-way; (3) {Buddh} middle way; middle path; (place-name, surname) Nakamichi; (place-name, surname) Nakadou; (surname) Chuudou
The 'mean' has various interpretations. In general it denotes the mean between two extremes, and has special reference to the mean between realism and nihilism, or eternal substantial existence and annihilation; this 'mean' is found in a third principle between the two, suggesting the idea of a realm of mind or spirit beyond the terminology of 有 or 無, substance or nothing, or, that which has form, and is therefore measurable and ponderable, and its opposite of total non-existence. See 中論. The following four Schools define the term according to their several scriptures: the 法相 School describes it as the 唯識, v. 唯識中道; the 三論 School as the 八不 eight negations, v. 三論; the Tiantai as 實相 the true reality; and the Huayan as the 法界 dharmadhātu. Four forms of the Mean are given by the 三論玄義.

印度

see styles
Mandarin yìn dù / yin4 du4
Taiwan yin tu
Japanese indo / いんど
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese India
Japanese (ateji / phonetic) (kana only) India; (place-name) India
印特伽; 身毒; 賢豆; 天竺 Indu (meaning 'moon' in Sanskrit), Hindu, Sindhu; see also 信度 and 閻浮 India in general. In the Tang dynasty its territory is described as extending over 90, 000 li in circuit, being bounded on three sides by the sea; north it rested on the Snow mountains 雪山, i. e. Himālayas; wide at the north, narrowing to the south, shaped like a half-moon; it contained over seventy kingdoms, was extremely hot, well watered and damp; from the centre eastwards to 震旦 China was 58, 000 li; and the same distance southwards to 金地國, westwards to 阿拘遮國, and northwards to 小香山阿耨達.

將軍


将军

see styles
Mandarin jiāng jun / jiang1 jun1
Taiwan chiang chün
Chinese general; high-ranking military officer; to check or checkmate; fig. to embarrass; to challenge; to put sb on the spot; Chiangchun township in Tainan county 台南縣|台南县[Tai2 nan2 xian4], Taiwan

岳飛


岳飞

see styles
Mandarin yuè fēi / yue4 fei1
Taiwan yüeh fei
Japanese gakuhi / がくひ
Chinese Yue Fei (1103-1142), Song dynasty patriot and general
Japanese (personal name) Gakuhi

張飛


张飞

see styles
Mandarin zhāng fēi / zhang1 fei1
Taiwan chang fei
Japanese chouhi / chohi / ちょうひ
Chinese Zhang Fei (168-221), general of Shu and blood-brother of Liu Bei in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, famous as fearsome fighter and lover of wine
Japanese (personal name) Chouhi

智慧

see styles
Mandarin zhì huì / zhi4 hui4
Taiwan chih hui
Japanese tomoe / ともえ    chihe / ちへ    chie / ちえ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese wisdom; knowledge; intelligent; intelligence
Japanese (1) wisdom; wit; sagacity; sense; intelligence; (2) (Buddhist term) prajna (insight leading to enlightenment); (female given name) Tomoe; (female given name) Chihe; (female given name) Chie
jñāna as 智 knowledge and prajñā as 慧 discernment, i.e. knowledge of things and realization of truth; in general knowledge and wisdom; but sometimes implying mental and moral wisdom.

瑜伽

see styles
Mandarin yú jiā / yu2 jia1
Taiwan yü chia
Japanese yuga / ゆが
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese yoga (loanword)
Japanese {Buddh} (See ヨーガ) yoga; (surname) Yuka
yoga; also 瑜誐; 遊迦; a yoke, yoking, union, especially an ecstatic union of the individual soul with a divine being, or spirit, also of the individual soul with the universal soul. The method requires the mutual response or relation of 境, 行, 理, 果 and 機; i.e. (1) state, or environment, referred to mind; (2) action, or mode of practice; (3) right principle; (4) results in enlightenment; (5) motivity, i.e. practical application in saving others. Also the mutual relation of hand, mouth, and mind referring to manifestation, incantation, and mental operation; these are known as 瑜伽三密, the three esoteric (means) of Yoga. The older practice of meditation as a means of obtaining spiritual or magical power was distorted in Tantrism to exorcism, sorcery, and juggling in general.

菩薩


菩萨

see styles
Mandarin pú sà / pu2 sa4
Taiwan p`u sa / pu sa
Japanese bosatsu(p);bosachi(ok) / ぼさつ(P);ぼさち(ok)
Chinese Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.

關羽

see styles
Mandarin guān yǔ / guan1 yu3
Taiwan kuan yü
Chinese Guan Yu (-219), general of Shu and blood-brother of Liu Bei in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, fearsome fighter famous for virtue and loyalty; posomethingumously worshipped and identified with the guardian Bodhisattva Sangharama

麒麟

see styles
Mandarin qí lín / qi2 lin2
Taiwan ch`i lin / chi lin
Japanese kirin / きりん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese qilin (mythical Chinese animal); kylin; Chinese unicorn; commonly mistranslated as giraffe
Japanese (1) (kana only) giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis); (2) qilin (Chinese unicorn); (3) Kirin (brand of beer); (surname, female given name) Kirin
Male and female unicorns; the qilin in general.

馬歇爾

see styles
Mandarin mǎ xiē ěr / ma3 xie1 er3
Taiwan ma hsieh erh
Chinese Marshall (name); George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959), US general in WWII and Secretary of State 1947-1949, author of the postwar Marshall plan for Europe and Nobel peace laureate

一般

see styles
Mandarin yī bān / yi1 ban1
Taiwan i pan
Japanese ippan / いっぱん
Chinese same; ordinary; so-so; common; general; generally; in general
Japanese (n,adj-no,adj-na) (1) general; universal; (2) (ant: 特殊) ordinary; average; common
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

大凡

see styles
Mandarin dà fán / da4 fan2
Taiwan ta fan
Japanese ooyoso / おおよそ
Chinese generally; in general
Japanese (adverb) (1) (kana only) about; roughly; approximately; (2) (kana only) generally; on the whole; as a rule; (3) (kana only) completely; quite; entirely; altogether; totally; not at all (with neg. verb); (noun - becomes adjective with の) (4) (kana only) outline; gist

大局

see styles
Mandarin dà jú / da4 ju2
Taiwan ta chü
Japanese taikyoku / たいきょく
Chinese general situation; present conditions
Japanese general situation; the whole point

大概

see styles
Mandarin dà gài / da4 gai4
Taiwan ta kai
Japanese taigai / たいがい
Chinese roughly; probably; rough; approximate; about; general idea
Japanese (n-adv,n-t,adj-no) (1) in general; almost all; (2) mainly; mostly; most likely; (3) moderately; suitably

常識


常识

see styles
Mandarin cháng shí / chang2 shi2
Taiwan ch`ang shih / chang shih
Japanese joushiki / joshiki / じょうしき
Chinese common sense; general knowledge; CL:門|门[men2]
Japanese common sense; good sense; common knowledge; general knowledge; common practice; accepted practice; social etiquette

普通

see styles
Mandarin pǔ tōng / pu3 tong1
Taiwan p`u t`ung / pu tung
Japanese futsuu / futsu / ふつう
Chinese common; ordinary; general; average
Japanese (can be adjective with の) (1) general; ordinary; usual; (adverb) (2) normally; generally; usually; (3) (abbreviation) (See 普通列車) train that stops at every station
Universal, reaching everywhere, common to all.

普遍

see styles
Mandarin pǔ biàn / pu3 bian4
Taiwan p`u pien / pu pien
Japanese fuhen / ふへん
Chinese universal; general; widespread; common
Japanese (adj-no,n,vs) universal; general; ubiquitous; omnipresent
普循 Universal, everywhere, on all sides; to pervade universally

概況

see styles
Mandarin gài kuàng / gai4 kuang4
Taiwan kai k`uang / kai kuang
Japanese gaikyou / gaikyo / がいきょう
Chinese general situation; summary
Japanese outlook; general situation

概論

see styles
Mandarin gài lùn / gai4 lun4
Taiwan kai lun
Japanese gairon / がいろん
Chinese outline; introduction; survey; general discussion
Japanese (noun/participle) introduction; outline; general remarks

總覽

see styles
Mandarin zǒng lǎn / zong3 lan3
Taiwan tsung lan
Japanese souran / soran / そうらん
Chinese a general overview
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (n,vs,adj-no) guide; general survey; conspectus; comprehensive bibliography

通例

see styles
Mandarin tōng lì / tong1 li4
Taiwan t`ung li / tung li
Japanese tsuurei / tsure / つうれい
Chinese general rule; standard practice
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) custom; general rule; convention; (adverb) (2) usually; generally; as a rule

通則

see styles
Mandarin tōng zé / tong1 ze2
Taiwan t`ung tse / tung tse
Japanese tsuusoku / tsusoku / つうそく
Chinese general rule; general principle
Japanese general rule; (personal name) Michinori

一般性

see styles
Mandarin yī bān xìng / yi1 ban1 xing4
Taiwan i pan hsing
Japanese ippansei / ippanse / いっぱんせい
Chinese general; generality
Japanese generality

幹事長


干事长

see styles
Mandarin gàn shi zhǎng / gan4 shi5 zhang3
Taiwan kan shih chang
Japanese kanjichou / kanjicho / かんじちょう
Chinese secretary-general
Japanese chief secretary (usu. of a party); secretary-general

一般原則


一般原则

see styles
Mandarin yī bān yuán zé / yi1 ban1 yuan2 ze2
Taiwan i pan yüan tse
Japanese ippangensoku / いっぱんげんそく
Chinese general principle
Japanese {comp} general principle

普通教育

see styles
Mandarin pǔ tōng jiào yù / pu3 tong1 jiao4 yu4
Taiwan p`u t`ung chiao yü / pu tung chiao yü
Japanese futsuukyouiku / futsukyoiku / ふつうきょういく
Chinese general education
Japanese general education

see styles
Mandarin shì / shi4
Taiwan shih
Japanese ji / じ    goto / ごと
Chinese matter; thing; item; work; affair; CL:件[jian4],樁|桩[zhuang1],回[hui2]
Japanese {Buddh} (See 理・2) individual concrete phenomenon (as opposed to a general principle); (suffix) (1) (See 事・こと・6) nominalizing suffix; (2) (See 事・こと・7) pretending to ...; playing make-believe ...; (male given name) Tsutomu; (personal name) Tsukae; (surname) Kotozaki; (given name) Koto
artha 日迦他 (迦 being an error for 遏); affair, concern, matter; action, practice; phenomena; to serve. It is 'practice' or the thing, affair, matter, in contrast with 理 theory, or the underlying principle; affair, event

see styles
Mandarin shì / shi4
Taiwan shih
Japanese shi / し
Chinese to serve as an official; an official; the two chess pieces in Chinese chess guarding the "general" or "king" 將|将[jiang4]
Japanese official; civil service; (given name) Tsukou


see styles
Mandarin/ ge4
Taiwan ko
Japanese tsu / つ    ji / ぢ    chi / ち    ko / こ    ka / か
Chinese individual; this; that; size; classifier for people or objects in general
Japanese (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (counter) (kana only) counter for the hito-futa-mi counting system (forming hitotsu, futatsu, mitsu, and misoji, yasoji, etc.); (counter) (1) counter for articles; (2) counter for military units; (3) individual; (counter) counter for the ichi-ni-san counting system (usu. directly preceding the item being counted); a noun read using its on-yomi

see styles
Mandarin gōng / gong1
Taiwan kung
Japanese kou / ko / こう    ooyake / おおやけ
Chinese public; collectively owned; common; international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar); make public; fair; just; Duke, highest of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wu3 deng3 jue2 wei4]; honorable (gentlemen); father-in-law; male (animal)
Japanese (n,suf) (1) (See 私・し) public matter; governmental matter; (2) prince; duke; (n,n-suf) (3) lord; sir; (suffix noun) (4) (after a name, etc.) familiar or derogatory suffix; (adj-no,n) public; open; formal; official; governmental; (given name) Hiromu; (female given name) Hiromi; (given name) Hiroshi; (given name) Tooru; (given name) Tadashi; (personal name) Takashi; (female given name) Shizuka; (male given name) Satoshi; (personal name) Kouji; (personal name) Koushou; (given name) Kou; (given name) Kin; (given name) Kimihiro; (personal name) Kiminori; (surname, female given name) Kimi; (given name) Isao; (female given name) Akira
Public, general, official; a duke, grandparent, gentleman; just, fair.

see styles
Mandarin gòng / gong4
Taiwan kung
Japanese domo / ども    tomo / とも    goto;guchi(ok) / ごと;ぐち(ok)
Chinese common; general; to share; together; total; altogether; abbr. for 共產黨|共产党[Gong4 chan3 dang3], Communist party
Japanese (suffix) (1) (humble language) (kana only) first-person plural (or singular); (2) (derogatory term) (kana only) second or third person plural (implies speaker is of higher status than those referred to); (n,n-pref) (1) together with; (2) same; (suffix) (3) (kana only) both; all; neither; none; (4) (kana only) including ...; (suffix) (kana only) including...; with ...; inclusive of; ...and all; (given name) Tomoni; (personal name) Tomo
All altogether, both, same, in common; in common with

see styles
Mandarin shòu / shou4
Taiwan shou
Japanese ju / じゅ
Chinese to receive; to accept; to suffer; subjected to; to bear; to stand; pleasant; (passive marker)
Japanese {Buddh} (See 五蘊,十二因縁) vedana (sensation); (place-name) Uke
To receive, be, bear; intp. of vedana, 'perception,' 'knowledge obtained by the senses, feeling, sensation.' M. W. It is defined as mental reaction to the object, but in general it means receptivity, or sensation; the two forms of sensation of physical and mental objects are indicated. It is one of the five skandhas; as one of the twelve nidānas it indicates the incipient stage of sensation in the embryo.

see styles
Mandarin zōng / zong1
Taiwan tsung
Japanese shuu / shu / しゅう
Chinese school; sect; purpose; model; ancestor; clan; to take as one's model (in academic or artistic work); classifier for batches, items, cases (medical or legal), reservoirs; surname Zong
Japanese sect; (given name) Motoi; (personal name) Muneto; (surname) Munetaka; (surname, female given name) Mune; (female given name) Miyako; (personal name) Hajime; (surname) Chon; (given name) Takashi; (surname) Souzaki; (surname) Sou; (surname, given name) Shuu
Ancestors, ancestral; clan; class, category. kind; school, sect; siddhānta, summary, main doctrine, syllogism, proposition, conclusion, realization. Sects are of two kinds: (1) those founded on principles having historic continuity, as the twenty sects of the Hīnayāna, the thirteen sects of China, and the fourteen sects of Japan: (2) those arising from an individual interpretation of the general teaching of Buddhism, as the sub-sects founded by Yongming 永明 (d. 975), 法相宗, 法性宗, 破相宗, or those based on a peculiar interpretation of one of the recognized sects, as the Jōdo-shinshū 淨土眞宗 found by Shinran-shōnin. There are also divisions of five, six, and ten, which have reference to specific doctrinal differences. Cf. 宗派.

see styles
Mandarin dìng / ding4
Taiwan ting
Japanese sada / さだ
Chinese to set; to fix; to determine; to decide; to order
Japanese (adverb) (archaism) (kana only) certainly; truly; (given name) Yasushi; (given name) Tetsujou; (surname, given name) Tei; (given name) Jou; (personal name) Sadayuki; (surname) Sadame; (personal name) Sadamune; (surname, given name) Sadamu; (female given name) Sadami; (personal name) Sadanori; (personal name) Sadatsugu; (personal name) Sadazumi; (personal name) Sadaji; (given name) Sadashi; (surname, female given name) Sada
To fix, settle. samādhi. 'Composing the mind'; 'intent contemplation'; 'perfect absorption of thought into the one object of meditation.' M. W. Abstract meditation, the mind fixed in one direction, or field. (1) 散定 scattered or general meditation (in the world of desire). (2) 禪定 abstract meditation (in the realms of form and beyond form). It is also one of the five attributes of the dharmakāya 法身, i. e. an internal state of imperturbability or tranquility, exempt from all external sensations, 超受陰; cf. 三摩提.

see styles
Japanese shou / sho / しょう Japanese commander; general; leader; (given name) Masaru; (given name) Masashi; (personal name) Masa; (male given name) Hitoshi; (personal name) Tamotsu; (given name) Tadashi; (given name) Tasuku; (given name) Susumu; (personal name) Shouji; (female given name) Shou; (given name) Akira


see styles
Mandarin jiāng / jiang1
Taiwan chiang
Japanese masaru / まさる    masashi / まさし    susumu / すすむ
Chinese to desire; to invite; to request; general; commander-in-chief (military); king (chess piece); to command; to lead; will; shall; to use; to take; to checkmate; just a short while ago; (introduces object of main verb, used in the same way as 把[ba3])
Japanese (given name) Masaru; (personal name) Masashi; (personal name) Susumu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin jīn / jin1
Taiwan chin
Japanese kin / きん
Chinese towel; general purpose cloth; women's headcovering (old); Kangxi radical 50
Japanese napkin; cloth; (surname) Haba; (personal name) Kin

see styles
Mandarin cháng / chang2
Taiwan ch`ang / chang
Japanese toko / とこ    tsune / つね
Chinese always; ever; often; frequently; common; general; constant; surname Chang
Japanese (prefix) constant; unchanging; eternal; (noun - becomes adjective with の) usual state of things; (female given name) Hisashi; (personal name) Toko; (female given name) Toki; (personal name) Tsunemine; (personal name) Tsuneji; (surname) Tsunesaki; (surname, given name) Tsune; (personal name) Chiyan; (personal name) Jouji; (surname, given name) Jou; (personal name) Sanpiru
nitya; śāśvata. Prolonged, constant, always, unceasing, permanent, perpetual, ever, eternal; normal, ordinary, regular.

see styles
Mandarin/ mu4
Taiwan mu
Japanese maku / まく
Chinese curtain or screen; canopy or tent; headquarters of a general; act (of a play)
Japanese (1) curtain; bunting; (n,ctr) (2) act (in play); (surname) Maku

see styles
Mandarin zǒng / zong3
Taiwan tsung
Japanese sō
Chinese general; in every case; to hold
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Mandarin shí / shi2
Taiwan shih
Japanese doki / どき    ji / じ
Chinese o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period; surname Shi
Japanese (suffix noun) (See 食事時) time for -; time of -; - time; (suitable) time to -; (suffix) (1) hour; o'clock; (suf,adj-no) (2) (See 緊急時) (specified) time; when ...; during ...; (surname) Tozaki; (personal name) Tokimune; (personal name) Tokisue; (surname) Tokizaki; (surname) Tokisaki; (female given name) Toki; (female given name) Taimu; (personal name) Shin; (female given name) Aki
Time, hour, period; constantly; as kāla, time in general, e.g. year, month, season, period; as samaya, it means kṣaṇa, momentary, passing; translit. ji.

see styles
Mandarin/ pu3
Taiwan p`u / pu
Japanese fukatsu / ふかつ    hiroshi / ひろし    shin / しん    amane / あまね
Chinese general; popular; everywhere; universal
Japanese (personal name) Fukatsu; (given name) Hiroshi; (given name) Shin; (female given name) Amane
viśva; universal, all; pervasive, ubiquitous; translit. po, pa, pu; widely

see styles
Mandarin gài / gai4
Taiwan kai
Japanese kaiji / かいじ
Chinese general; approximate
Japanese (personal name) Kaiji
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin fàn / fan4
Taiwan fan
Japanese hiroshi / ひろし
Chinese to float; to be suffused with; general; extensive; non-specific; flood; pan- (prefix)
Japanese (given name) Hiroshi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin/ wu4
Taiwan wu
Japanese mono(p);mon / もの(P);もん    butsu;butsu / ぶつ;ブツ
Chinese thing; object; matter; abbr. for physics 物理
Japanese (1) thing; object; article; stuff; substance; (2) (as 〜のもの, 〜のもん) one's things; possessions; property; belongings; (3) things; something; anything; everything; nothing; (4) quality; (5) reason; the way of things; (6) (kana only) (formal noun often used as 〜ものだ) used to emphasize emotion, judgment, etc.; used to indicate a common occurrence in the past (after a verb in past tense); used to indicate a general tendency; used to indicate something that should happen; (suffix noun) (7) item classified as ...; item related to ...; work of ...; (8) cause of ...; cause for ...; (prefix) (9) (もの only) (See 物寂しい・ものさびしい) somehow; somewhat; for some reason; (10) (もの only) (See 物珍しい・ものめずらしい) really; truly; (1) stock; products; (2) (kana only) (slang) stolen goods; loot; spoils; (surname) Mono
Thing, things in general, beings, living beings, matters; "substance," cf. 陀羅驃 dravya.

see styles
Mandarin qín / qin2
Taiwan ch`in / chin
Japanese kin / きん
Chinese guqin or zither, cf 古琴[gu3 qin2]; musical instrument in general
Japanese qin (7-stringed Chinese zither); guqin; (female given name) Kotomi; (surname) Kotozaki; (female given name) Kotoe; (surname, female given name) Koto; (surname) Gun; (surname) Kumu; (personal name) Kinji; (surname, female given name) Kin
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin è / e4
Taiwan o
Japanese ryaku / りゃく
Chinese plan; strategy; outline; summary; slightly; rather; to rob; to plunder; to summarize; to omit
Japanese (n,n-suf) abbreviation; omission
To mark off, define: abridge, outline, sketch; summarize in general; rather, somewhat; to grasp

see styles
Mandarin zǒng / zong3
Taiwan tsung
Japanese sou / so / そう
Chinese Japanese variant of 總|总
Japanese (n,pref) whole; all; general; gross; entire; overall; (personal name) Nobu; (personal name) Souji; (surname, given name) Sou; (personal name) Suburu; (given name) Satoru; (male given name) Satoshi; (personal name) Osamu


see styles
Mandarin zǒng / zong3
Taiwan tsung
Japanese souzaki / sozaki / そうざき    satoshi / さとし
Chinese always; to assemble; gather; total; overall; head; chief; general; in every case
Japanese (surname) Souzaki; (personal name) Satoshi
sādhāraṇa. Altogether, all, whole, general; certainly; overall

see styles
Mandarin jié / jie2
Taiwan chieh
Japanese ketsu / けつ
Chinese ram, esp. gelded; to castrate; deer's skin; Jie people, originally a branch of the Tokhara 月支[Yue4 zhi1]; also general term for non-Han people
Japanese Jie (ancient Chinese ethnic group)
To castrate; deer-skin; translit. ka, gha. Cf. 迦, 拘, 軻, 朅, 竭, etc.

see styles
Mandarin huì / hui4
Taiwan hui
Chinese a general term for plants

see styles
Mandarin hāo / hao1
Taiwan hao
Japanese yomogi / よもぎ
Chinese celery wormwood (Artemisia carvifolia); to give off; to weed
Japanese (1) Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps, Artemisia indica var. maximowiczii); (2) general term for plants in the Artemisia genus; mugwort; sagebrush; wormwood

see styles
Mandarin péng / peng2
Taiwan p`eng / peng
Japanese yomogi / よもぎ
Chinese fleabane (family Asteraceae); disheveled; classifier for luxuriant plants, smoke, ashes, campfires: clump, puff; surname Peng
Japanese (1) Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps, Artemisia indica var. maximowiczii); (2) general term for plants in the Artemisia genus; mugwort; sagebrush; wormwood; (surname, female given name) Yomogi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Mandarin xiāo / xiao1
Taiwan hsiao
Japanese shou / sho / しょう
Chinese miserable; desolate; dreary; Chinese mugwort; surname Xiao
Japanese (1) Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps, Artemisia indica var. maximowiczii); (2) general term for plants in the Artemisia genus; mugwort; sagebrush; wormwood; (surname) Shou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin liàng / liang4
Taiwan liang
Japanese ryou / ryo / りょう
Chinese capacity; quantity; amount; to estimate; abbr. for 量詞|量词[liang4 ci2], classifier (in Chinese grammar); measure word; to measure
Japanese (n,n-suf) quantity; amount; volume; portion (of food); (surname, female given name) Ryou; (given name) Hakaru; (surname) Hakari
pramāṇa. Measure, capacity, length, ability; to measure, deliberate; a syllogism in logic, v. 比量. A syllogism, consisting of 宗 pratijñā, proposition; 因 hetu, reason; 喩 udāharaṇa, example; but the syllogism varies in the number of its avayava, or members. There are other divisions from 2 to 6, e.g. 現量 and 比量 direct or sense inferences, and comparative or logical inferences; to these are added 聖教量 arguments based on authority; 譬喩量 analogy; 義准 postulation, or general assent; and 無體 negation, or non-existence.

see styles
Mandarin zhī / zhi1
Taiwan chih
Chinese general term for jay; Garrulus lidthi

一体

see styles
Japanese ittai / いったい Japanese (adverb) (1) (before an interrogative, forms an emphatic question) ...the heck (e.g. "what the heck?"); ...in the world (e.g. "why in the world?"); ...on earth (e.g. "who on earth?"); (2) one object; one body; unity; (3) one form; one style; (4) one Buddhist image (or carving, etc.); (adverbial noun) (5) (See 一体に) generally; in general

一将

see styles
Japanese isshou / issho / いっしょう Japanese {mil} general; (given name) Kazumasa

一普

see styles
Mandarin yī pǔ / yi1 pu3
Taiwan i p`u / i pu
Japanese ippu
A company; a general assembly of monks in a monastery.

一渡

see styles
Japanese ichiwatari / いちわたり Japanese (adverb) briefly; in general; roughly; from beginning to end; through (e.g. glancing, flipping); (surname) Ichiwatari

一財

see styles
Japanese ichizai / いちざい Japanese (abbreviation) (See 一般財団法人・いっぱんざいだんほうじん) general incorporated foundation

万屋

see styles
Japanese yorozuya / よろずや    manya / まんや Japanese (1) general merchant; (2) Jack of all trades; (surname) Yorozuya; (place-name, surname) Man'ya

三品

see styles
Mandarin sān pǐn / san1 pin3
Taiwan san p`in / san pin
Japanese mihin / みひん    mitsushina / みつしな    mishina / みしな    sanbon / さんぼん
Japanese (surname) Mihin; (surname) Mitsushina; (place-name, surname) Mishina; (personal name) Sanbon
The general meaning is 上, 中, 下 superior, medium, inferior; three classes

三照

see styles
Mandarin sān zhào / san1 zhao4
Taiwan san chao
Japanese sanshō
The three shinings; the sun first shining on the hill-tops, then the valleys and plains. So, according to Tiantai teaching of the Huayan sūtra, the Buddha's doctrine had three periods of such shining: (a) first, he taught the Huayan sūtra, transforming his chief disciples into bodhisattvas; (b) second, the Hīnayāna sūtras in general to śrāvakas and pratyeka-buddhas in the Lumbinī garden; (c) third, the 方等 sūtras down to the 涅槃經 for all the living. See the 六十華嚴經 35, where the order is five, i.e. bodhisattvas, pratyekabuddhas, śrāvakas, lay disciples, and all creatures; three illuminations

三觀


三观

see styles
Mandarin sān guān / san1 guan1
Taiwan san kuan
Japanese sangan
The three studies, meditations, or insights. The most general group is that of Tiantai: (a) 空觀 study of all as void, or immaterial; (b) 假觀 of all as unreal, transient, or temporal; (c) 中觀 as the via media inclusive of both. The Huayan group is 眞空觀, 理事無礙觀 and 周遍含容觀, see 華嚴經:法界觀. The 南山 group is 性空觀, 相空觀, and 唯識觀. The 慈恩 group is 有觀, 空觀 and 中觀; three contemplations

上將


上将

see styles
Mandarin shàng jiàng / shang4 jiang4
Taiwan shang chiang
Chinese general; admiral; air chief marshal

上達


上达

see styles
Mandarin shàng dá / shang4 da2
Taiwan shang ta
Japanese joutatsu / jotatsu / じょうたつ
Chinese to reach the higher authorities
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) improvement (e.g. in skill, ability); advance; progress; (2) (See 上通) (ant: 下達) communication of opinions of the general populace to those of high rank; (given name) Joutatsu; (place-name) Kamitate; (surname) Uedatsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

不覺


不觉

see styles
Mandarin bù jué / bu4 jue2
Taiwan pu chüeh
Japanese fukaku
Chinese unconsciously
Unenlightened, uncomprehending, without 'spiritual' insight, the condition of people in general, who mistake the phenomenal for the real, and by ignorance beget karma, reaping its results in the mortal round of transmigration; i. e. people generally; non-enlightenment

世人

see styles
Mandarin shì rén / shi4 ren2
Taiwan shih jen
Japanese sejin;yohito / せじん;よひと
Chinese people (in general); people around the world; everyone
Japanese the people; the public; the world
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

並て

see styles
Japanese nabete / なべて Japanese (irregular okurigana usage) (adverb) (kana only) in general; generally; usually

中将

see styles
Japanese chuujou / chujo / ちゅうじょう Japanese lieutenant general; vice-admiral; (place-name) Chuujou

中將


中将

see styles
Mandarin zhōng jiàng / zhong1 jiang4
Taiwan chung chiang
Chinese lieutenant general; vice admiral; air marshal
Japanese See: 中将

中辦


中办

see styles
Mandarin zhōng bàn / zhong1 ban4
Taiwan chung pan
Chinese General Office of the Central Committee of the CPC; abbr. for 中共中央辦公廳|中共中央办公厅[Zhong1 gong4 Zhong1 yang1 Ban4 gong1 ting1]

丹瑞

see styles
Mandarin dān ruì / dan1 rui4
Taiwan tan jui
Chinese General Than Shwe (1933-), Myanmar army officer and politician, leader of the military junta 1992-2011

主旨

see styles
Mandarin zhǔ zhǐ / zhu3 zhi3
Taiwan chu chih
Japanese shushi / しゅし
Chinese gist; main idea; general tenor; one's judgment
Japanese meaning; point (e.g. of a statement); gist; effect

九竅


九窍

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ qiào / jiu3 qiao4
Taiwan chiu ch`iao / chiu chiao
Japanese kyuukyou / kyukyo / きゅうきょう
Chinese nine orifices of the human body (eyes, nostrils, ears, mouth, urethra, anus)
Japanese general term for the nine holes in the body of humans and other mammals
v. 九孔; nine orifices

事變


事变

see styles
Mandarin shì biàn / shi4 bian4
Taiwan shih pien
Chinese incident; unforeseen event; events (in general)

二教

see styles
Mandarin èr jiào / er4 jiao4
Taiwan erh chiao
Japanese nikyō
Dual division of the Buddha's teaching. There are various definitions: (1) Tiantai has (a) 顯教 exoteric or public teaching to the visible audience, and (b) 密教 at the same time esoteric teaching to an audience invisible to the other assembly. (2) The 眞言 Shingon School by "exoteric" means all the Buddha's preaching, save that of the 大日經 which it counts esoteric. (3) (a) 漸教 and (b) 頓教 graduated and immediate teaching, terms with various uses, e.g. salvation by works Hīnayāna, and by faith, Mahāyāna, etc.; they are applied to the Buddha's method, to the receptivity of hearers and to the teaching itself. (4) Tiantai has (a) 界内教 and (b) 界外教 teachings relating to the 三界 or realms of mortality and teachings relating to immortal realms. (5) (a) 半字教 and (b) 滿字教 Terms used in the Nirvāṇa sūtra, meaning incomplete word, or letter, teaching and complete word teaching, i.e. partial and complete, likened to Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna. (6) (a) 捃收教 and (b) 扶律談常教 of the Nirvāṇa sūtra, (a) completing those who failed to hear the Lotus; (b) "supporting the law, while discoursing on immortality," i.e. that the keeping of the law is also necessary to salvation. (7) Tiantai's division of (a) 偏教 and (b) 圓教 the partial teaching of the 藏, 通, and schools as contrasted with the perfect teaching of the 圓 school. (8) Tiantai's division of (a) 構教 and (6) 實教 temporary and permanent, similar to the last two. (9) (a) 世間教 The ordinary teaching of a moral life here; (b) 出世間教 the teaching of Buddha-truth of other-worldly happiness in escape from mortality. (10) (a) 了義教 the Mahāyāna perfect or complete teaching, and (b) 不了義教 Hīnayāna incompleteness. (11) The Huayan division of (a) 屈曲教 indirect or uneven teaching as in the Lotus and Nirvāṇa sūtras, and (b) 平道教 direct or levelled up teaching as in the Huayan sūtra. (12) The Huayan division of (a) 化教 all the Buddha's teaching for conversion and general instruction, and (b) 制教 his rules and commandments for the control and development of his order; two kinds of teaching

五乘

see styles
Mandarin wǔ chéng / wu3 cheng2
Taiwan wu ch`eng / wu cheng
Japanese gojō
The five vehicles conveying to the karma reward which differs according to the vehicle: they are generally summed up as (1) 入乘 rebirth among men conveyed by observing the five commandments; (2) 天乘 among the devas by the ten forms of good action; (3) 聲聞乘 among the śrāvakas by the four noble truths; (4) 緣覺乘 among pratyekabuddhas by the twelve nidānas; (5) 菩薩乘 among the Buddhas and bodhisattvas by the six pāramitās 六度 q. v. Another division is the various vehicles of bodhisattvas; pratyekabuddhas; śrāvakas; general; and devas-and-men. Another is Hīnayāna Buddha, pratyekabuddhas, śrāvakas, the gods of the Brahma heavens, and those of the desire-realm. Another is Hīnayāna ordinary disciples: śrāvakas: pratyekabuddhas; bodhisattvas; and the one all-inclusive vehicle. And a sixth, of Tiantai, is for men; devas; śrāvakas-cum-pratyekabuddhas; bodhisattvas: and the Buddha-vehicle. The esoteric cult has: men, corresponding with earth; devas, with water: śrāvakas, with fire: pratyekabuddhas, with wind; and bodhisattvas, with 空 the 'void'.

什器

see styles
Mandarin shí qì / shi2 qi4
Taiwan shih ch`i / shih chi
Japanese juuki / juki / じゅうき
Chinese various kinds of everyday utensils
Japanese utensil; appliance; furniture
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

什寶


什宝

see styles
Mandarin shí bǎo / shi2 bao3
Taiwan shih pao
Japanese jūhō
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

什物

see styles
Mandarin shí wù / shi2 wu4
Taiwan shih wu
Japanese juumotsu / jumotsu / じゅうもつ
Japanese furniture; fixtures; utensil; treasure
Things (in general), oddments; things in general

代将

see styles
Japanese daishou / daisho / だいしょう Japanese brigadier general; commodore

任安

see styles
Mandarin rèn ān / ren4 an1
Taiwan jen an
Chinese Ren An (-c. 90 BC), Han Dynasty general, also called Ren Shaoqing 任少卿

伯顏


伯颜

see styles
Mandarin bà yán / ba4 yan2
Taiwan pa yen
Chinese Bayan (name); Bayan of the Baarin (1236-1295), Mongol Yuan general under Khubilai Khan, victorious over the Southern Song 1235-1239; Bayan of the Merkid (-1340), Yuan dynasty general and politician

佛身

see styles
Mandarin fú shēn / fu2 shen1
Taiwan fu shen
Japanese busshin
buddhakāya, a general term for the trikāya, or threefold embodiment of Buddha. There are numerous categories or forms of the buddhakāya; buddha's (physical) body

你我

see styles
Mandarin nǐ wǒ / ni3 wo3
Taiwan ni wo
Chinese you and I; everyone; all of us (in society); we (people in general)

侍者

see styles
Mandarin shì zhě / shi4 zhe3
Taiwan shih che
Japanese jisha / じしゃ
Chinese attendant; waiter
Japanese attendant; valet; altar boy; acolyte
An attendant, e. g. as Ānanda was to the Buddha; assistants in general, e. g. the incense-assistant in a temple.

信度

see styles
Mandarin xìn dù / xin4 du4
Taiwan hsin tu
Japanese Shindo
Sindhu, Sindh, Scinde, 辛頭 the country of 信度河 the Indus, one of the 'four great rivers.' Sindhu is a general name for India, but refers especially to the kingdom along the banks of the river Indus, whose capital was Vichavapura.

偏將


偏将

see styles
Mandarin piān jiàng / pian1 jiang4
Taiwan p`ien chiang / pien chiang
Chinese deputy general

元帥


元帅

see styles
Mandarin yuán shuài / yuan2 shuai4
Taiwan yüan shuai
Japanese gensui / げんすい
Chinese marshal (in the army)
Japanese (field) marshal; (fleet) admiral; general of the army

元藏

see styles
Mandarin yuán cáng / yuan2 cang2
Taiwan yüan ts`ang / yüan tsang
Japanese ganzō
The Yuan tripiṭaka, compiled by order of Shih Tsu (Kublai), founder of the Yuan dynasty, and printed from blocks; begun in 1277, the work was finished in 1290, in 1, 422 部 works, 6, 017 卷 sections, 558 凾 cases or covers. It contained 528 Mahayanist and 242 Hinayanist sutras; 25 Mahāyāna and 54 Hīnayāna vinaya; 97 Mahāyāna and 36 Hīnayāna śāstras; 108 biographies; and 332 supplementary or general works. In size, and generally, it was similar to the Sung edition. The 元藏目錄 or Catalogue of the Yuan tripiṭaka is also known as 大普寧寺大藏經目錄.

光統


光统

see styles
Mandarin guāng tǒng / guang1 tong3
Taiwan kuang t`ung / kuang tung
Japanese Kōzū
Guang the general supervisor, i. e. the monk 慧光 Huiguang, sixth century, who resigned the high office of 統 and tr. the 十地經論; Guangtong

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This page contains 100 results for "general" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary