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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
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Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 65 total results for your endurance search.

If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin/ li4
Taiwan li
Japanese ryoku / りょく    riki / りき    chikara / ちから
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese power; force; strength; ability; strenuously; surname Li
Japanese (suffix) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (1) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (suffix noun) (2) (after a number of people) the strength of ... people; the strength of ... men; (1) force; strength; might; vigour (vigor); energy; (2) capability; ability; proficiency; capacity; faculty; (3) efficacy; effect; (4) effort; endeavours (endeavors); exertions; (5) power; authority; influence; good offices; agency; (6) (See 力になる) support; help; aid; assistance; (7) stress; emphasis; (8) means; resources; (given name) Riki; (given name) Teiriki; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (given name) Tsutome; (male given name) Tsutomu; (surname, female given name) Chikara; (surname) Takariki; (given name) Isamu; (given name) Isao
bala; power, strength, of which there are several categories: 二力 power of choice and of practice; 三力 the power of Buddha; of meditation (samādhi) and of practice. 五力 pañcabala, the five powers of faith, zeal, memory (or remembering), meditation, and wisdom. 六力 A child's power is in crying; a woman's in resentment; a king's in domineering; an arhat's in zeal (or progress); a Buddha's in mercy; and a bhikṣu's in endurance (of despite) . 十力 q.v. The ten powers of Buddhas and bodhisattvas.

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Mandarin rěn / ren3
Taiwan jen
Japanese nin / にん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to bear; to endure; to tolerate; to restrain oneself
Japanese (archaism) endurance; forbearance; patience; self-restraint; (given name) Nin; (surname, female given name) Shinobu; (place-name) Shinobi; (female given name) Shino; (p,s,g) Oshi; (female given name) Azumi
kṣānti, 羼提 (or 羼底); patience, endurance, (a) in adverse circumstances, (b) in the religious state. There are groups of two, three, four, five, six, ten, and fourteen, indicating various forms of patience, equanimity, repression, forbearance, endurance, constancy, or "perseverance of the saints," both in mundane and spiritual things; to endure


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Japanese tairyoku / たいりょく
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (1) stamina; endurance; physical strength; resilience; resistance to disease; (2) strength of an organization (e.g. profitability, productivity, economic clout, stability, growth potential)


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Mandarin rěn nài / ren3 nai4
Taiwan jen nai
Japanese nintai / にんたい
Chinese to endure; to bear with; to exercise patience; to restrain oneself; patience; endurance
Japanese (noun/participle) endurance; perseverance; patience


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Mandarin wǒ màn / wo3 man4
Taiwan wo man
Japanese gaman / がまん
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun/participle) patience; endurance; perseverance; tolerance; self-control; self-denial; (surname) Gaman
abhimāna, ātma-mada. Egoism exalting self and depreciating others; self-intoxication, pride; identity


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Mandarin chí jiǔ / chi2 jiu3
Taiwan ch`ih chiu / chih chiu
Japanese jikyuu / jikyu / じきゅう
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese lasting; enduring; persistent; permanent; protracted; endurance; persistence; to last long
Japanese (noun/participle) endurance; persistence; (place-name) Jikyuu


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Mandarin nài lì / nai4 li4
Taiwan nai li
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese endurance


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Mandarin sān rěn / san1 ren3
Taiwan san jen
Japanese sannin
The tree forms of kṣānti, i.e. patience (or endurance, tolerance). One of the groups is patience under hatred, under physical hardship, and in pursuit of the faith. Another is patience of the blessed in the Pure Land in understanding the truth they hear, patience in obeying the truth, patience in attaining absolute reality; v. 無量壽經. Another is patience in the joy of remembering Amitābha, patience in meditation on his truth, and patience in constant faith in him. Another is the patience of submission, of faith, and of obedience; three kinds of tolerance



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Mandarin sān guǐ / san1 gui3
Taiwan san kuei
Japanese sanki
The three rules 三法 (三法妙) of the Tiantai Lotus School: (a) 眞性軌 The absolute and real, the 眞如 or bhūtatathatā; (b) 觀照軌meditation upon and understanding of it; (c) 資成軌 the extension of this understanding to all its workings. In the 三軌弘經 the three are traced to the 法師品 of the Lotus Sutra and are developed as: (a) 慈悲室 the abode of mercy, or to dwell in mercy; (b) 忍辱衣 the garment of endurance, or patience under opposition; (c) 法空座 the throne of immateriality (or spirituality), a state of nirvāṇa tranquility. Mercy to all is an extension of 資成軌 , patience of 觀照軌 and nirvāṇa tranquility of 眞性軌 .


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Mandarin èr rěn / er4 ren3
Taiwan erh jen
Japanese ninin
The two patiences or endurances: 衆生忍 patience towards all under all circumstances; 無生(法)忍 calm rest, as a bodhisattva、in the assurance of no (re-) birth, i.e. in immortality. Also 安受苦忍 patience under suffering, and 觀察法忍 imperturbable examination of or meditation in the law or of all things. Also, physical and mental patience, or endurance; two endurances


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Mandarin wǔ rěn / wu3 ren3
Taiwan wu jen
Japanese gonin
The five stages of bodhisattva-kṣānti, patience or endurance according to the 別教: (1) 伏忍the causes of passion and illusion controlled but not finally cut off, the condition of 十住, 十行, and 十廻向; (2) 信忍 firm belief, i. e. from the 初地 to the 三地; (3) 順忍 patient progress towards the end of all mortality, i. e. 四地 to 六地; (4) 無生忍 patience for full apprehension, of the truth of no rebirth, 七地 to 九地; and (5) 寂滅忍 the patience that leads to complete nirvana, 十地 to 妙覺; cf. 五位; five kinds of patient endurance


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Mandarin xìn rěn / xin4 ren3
Taiwan hsin jen
Japanese shinnin
Faith-patience, faith-endurance: (1) To abide patiently in the faith and repeat the name of Amitābha. (2) To believe in the Truth and attain the nature of patient faith. (3) According to Tiantai the 別教 meaning is the unperturbed faith of the Bodhisattva (that all dharma is unreal); cognitive faith


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Mandarin bā rěn / ba1 ren3
Taiwan pa jen
Japanese hachinin
The eight kṣānti, or powers of patient endurance, in the desire-realm and the two realms above it, necessary to acquire the full realization of the truth of the Four Axioms, 四諦; these four give rise to the 四法忍, i.e. 苦, 集, 滅, 道法忍, the endurance or patient pursuit that results in their realization. In the realm of form and the formless, they are called the 四類忍. By patient meditation the 見惑 false or perplexed views will cease, and the八智 eight kinds of jñāna or gnosis be acquired; therefore 智 results from忍 and the sixteen, 八忍八智 (or 觀), are called the 十六心, i.e. the sixteen mental conditions during the stage of 見道, when 惑 illusions or perplexities of view are destroyed. Such is the teaching of the 唯識宗. The 八智 are 苦, 集, 滅,道法智 and 苦, etc. 類智.


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Japanese kannin / かんにん Japanese (noun/participle) (1) patience; patient endurance; forbearance; tolerance; (2) forgiveness; pardon


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Mandarin ren  / ren3 
Taiwan ren 
Japanese kannin / かんにん
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) patience; patient endurance; forbearance; tolerance; (2) forgiveness; pardon
sahā; to bear, patiently endure; forbearance


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Mandarin jì rěn / ji4 ren3
Taiwan chi jen
Japanese jakunin
Calmness and endurance, quiet patience; calmness and patience


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Mandarin rěn tǔ / ren3 tu3
Taiwan jen t`u / jen tu
Japanese nindo
The place of patience or endurance, this world; land of sufferance


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Mandarin rěn jiè / ren3 jie4
Taiwan jen chieh
Japanese ninkai
sahā, or sahāloka, or sahālokadhātu. The universe of persons subject to transmigration, the universe of endurance; world [requiring] patience


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Japanese ninku / にんく Japanese (noun/participle) endurance; stoicism


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Mandarin wù rěn / wu4 ren3
Taiwan wu jen
Japanese gonin
The patience of enlightenment, obtained by Vaidehī, wife of Bimbisāra, 'on her vision of Amitābha,' also known as Joy-perseverance, or Faith-perseverance; one of the ten stages of faith; patience endurance (due to) enlightenment



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Mandarin qiáo liáng / qiao2 liang2
Taiwan ch`iao liang / chiao liang
Japanese kyouryou / kyoryo / きょうりょう
Chinese bridge (lit. and fig.)
Japanese bridge
A bridge, trampled on by all but patiently bearing them, a synonym for patience, endurance.



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Mandarin mó liàn / mo2 lian4
Taiwan mo lien
Chinese to temper oneself; to steel oneself; self-discipline; endurance



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Mandarin xù háng / xu4 hang2
Taiwan hsü hang
Chinese endurance; long-term continuous travel or use


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Mandarin nài jiǔ / nai4 jiu3
Taiwan nai chiu
Japanese taikyuu / taikyu / たいきゅう
Chinese durable; long-lasting
Japanese endurance; persistence


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Mandarin nài shòu / nai4 shou4
Taiwan nai shou
Chinese to tolerate; endurance


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Mandarin nài xìng / nai4 xing4
Taiwan nai hsing
Japanese taisei / taise / たいせい
Chinese patience; endurance
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) resistance (e.g. to antibiotics); tolerance (e.g. drug tolerance)


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Mandarin yāo gǔ / yao1 gu3
Taiwan yao ku
Japanese koshibone / こしぼね
Chinese lumbar vertebrae
Japanese (1) hipbone; innominate bone; (2) fortitude; perseverance; endurance; persistence


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Mandarin jiā shā / jia1 sha1
Taiwan chia sha
Japanese kesa / けさ
Chinese kasaya, a patchwork outer vestment worn by a Buddhist monk
Japanese (1) {Buddh} kasaya; monk's stole; (2) (abbreviation) (See 袈裟懸け・1) wearing an article of clothing in the same manner as a kasaya (i.e. draped over one shoulder); (female given name) Kesa
kaṣāya, the monk's robe, or cassock. The word is intp. as decayed, impure (in colour), dyed, not of primary colour, so as to distinguish it from the normal white dress of the people. The patch-robe, v. 二十五條. A dyed robe 'of a colour composed of red and yellow' (M. W. ); it has a number of poetic names, e. g. robe of patience, or endurance. Also 迦沙曳 (迦邏沙曳).


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Japanese shinbou / shinbo / しんぼう Japanese (noun/participle) patience; endurance


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Japanese shinbou / shinbo / しんぼう Japanese (ateji / phonetic) (noun/participle) patience; endurance


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Japanese innin / いんにん Japanese (noun/participle) (1) patience; endurance; (2) undercover ninja; embedded ninja


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Mandarin shùn rěn / shun4 ren3
Taiwan shun jen
The third of the five bodhisattva stages of endurance, i.e. from the fourth to sixth stage.


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Mandarin wǔ rěn fǎ / wu3 ren3 fa3
Taiwan wu jen fa
Japanese gonin hō
five kinds of patient endurance; five kinds of patient endurance


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Japanese koraeshou / koraesho / こらえしょう Japanese endurance; perseverance; patience


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Mandarin de / de
Taiwan te
Japanese kannin ji
The stage of endurance, the first of the ten bodhisattva stages; ground of endurance


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Japanese nintaishin / にんたいしん Japanese endurance; perseverance; patience


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Japanese konkurabe / こんくらべ Japanese (noun/participle) endurance contest; test of endurance


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Japanese konkurabe / こんくらべ Japanese (noun/participle) endurance contest; test of endurance



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Mandarin wú gòu rěn / wu2 gou4 ren3
Taiwan wu kou jen
Japanese muku nin
The stage of undefiled endurance, the final stage of a bodhisattva, see無垢地; stainless tolerance


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Japanese yasegaman / やせがまん Japanese (noun/participle) fake stoicism; pretended endurance (for sake of pride); false courage



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Mandarin kǔ lèi rěn / ku3 lei4 ren3
Taiwan k`u lei jen / ku lei jen
Japanese kurui nin
(苦類智忍) One of the eight forms of endurance arising out of 苦類智, v. 八忍; patience in regard to the varieties of suffering


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Japanese ganbari / がんばり Japanese tenacity; endurance


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Japanese koraeshou / koraesho / こらえしょう Japanese endurance; perseverance; patience


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Japanese yasegaman / やせがまん Japanese (noun/participle) fake stoicism; pretended endurance (for sake of pride); false courage



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Mandarin bù shèng qí fán / bu4 sheng4 qi2 fan2
Taiwan pu sheng ch`i fan / pu sheng chi fan
Chinese to be pestered beyond endurance


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Mandarin bù qǐ fǎ rěn / bu4 qi3 fa3 ren3
Taiwan pu ch`i fa jen / pu chi fa jen
Japanese fukihō nin
The stage of endurance, or patient meditation, that has reached the state where phenomenal illusion ceases to arise, through entry into the realization of the Void, or noumenal; also 生法忍 (or 起法忍) ; patience based on the realization of the non-arising of phenomena



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Mandarin èr zhǒng / er4 zhong3
Taiwan erh chung
Japanese nishuninniku
Two kinds of patience, or endurance: (a) of the assaults of nature, heat, cold, etc.; (b) of human assaults and insults.



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Mandarin shí fā qù xīn / shi2 fa1 qu4 xin1
Taiwan shih fa ch`ü hsin / shih fa chü hsin
Japanese jū hosshu shin
The ten directional decisions: (1) renouncement of the world; (2) observance of the commandments; (3) patience or endurance; (4) zealous progress; (5) meditation; (6) wisdom or understanding; (7) 願心 the will for good for oneself and others; (8) 護心 protection (of Buddha, Dharma, Sangha); (9) 喜心 joy; (10) 頂心 highest wisdom. v. 梵綱經, 心地品; ten decisions of inclination



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Mandarin shí jīn gāng xīn / shi2 jin1 gang1 xin1
Taiwan shih chin kang hsin
Japanese jū kongō shin
Ten characteristics of the "diamond heart" as developed by bodhisattva: (1) complete insight into all truth; (2) saving of all creatures; (3) the glorifying of all Buddha-worlds; (4) supererogation of his good deeds; (5) service of all Buddhas; (6) realization of the truth of all Buddha-laws; (7) manifestation of all patience and endurance; (8) unflagging devotion to his vocation; (9) perfection of his work; (10) aiding all to fulfill their vows and accomplish their spiritual ends. 華嚴經 55; ten diamond-like states of mind



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Mandarin shí zhǎng yǎng xīn / shi2 zhang3 yang3 xin1
Taiwan shih chang yang hsin
Japanese jūchōyōshin
The ten kinds of well-nourished heart, essential to entry into the cult of the higher patience and endurance: a heart of kindness; of pity; of joy (in progress toward salvation of others); renunciation; almsgiving; delight in telling the doctrine; benefiting or aiding others to salvation; unity, or amity; concentration in meditation; wisdom; v. 梵綱經,心地品; ten kinds of well-nourished mind


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Mandarin shì jiè / shi4 jie4
Taiwan shih chieh
Japanese kannin sekai
The sahā world of endurance of suffering; any world of transmigration; world that must be endured


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Japanese gamankurabe / がまんくらべ Japanese contest of endurance


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Japanese konkurabe / こんくらべ Japanese (noun/participle) endurance contest; test of endurance



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Mandarin miè fǎ zhì rěn / mie4 fa3 zhi4 ren3
Taiwan mieh fa chih jen
Japanese metsuhō chi nin
One of the 八忍, the endurance and patience associated with the last; forbearance based on the wisdom that understands the reality of the cessation of suffering


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Japanese yasegaman / やせがまん Japanese (noun/participle) fake stoicism; pretended endurance (for sake of pride); false courage


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Japanese kouzokujikan / kozokujikan / こうぞくじかん Japanese duration of a cruise (flight); endurance


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Japanese kannin / かんにん Japanese (noun/participle) (1) patience; patient endurance; forbearance; tolerance; (2) forgiveness; pardon


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Japanese taikyuureesu / taikyureesu / たいきゅうレース Japanese endurance race (motorsport)


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Japanese yarikirenai / やりきれない Japanese (adjective) (1) (kana only) unable to finish (on time, etc.); (2) (kana only) unbearable; intolerable; beyond endurance; too much


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Japanese yarikirenai / やりきれない Japanese (adjective) (1) (kana only) unable to finish (on time, etc.); (2) (kana only) unbearable; intolerable; beyond endurance; too much


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Japanese koraeshou / koraesho / こらえしょう Japanese endurance; perseverance; patience


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Japanese konkurabe / こんくらべ Japanese (noun/participle) endurance contest; test of endurance


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Japanese shinbou / shinbo / しんぼう Japanese (noun/participle) patience; endurance


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Japanese yarikirenai / やりきれない Japanese (adjective) (1) (kana only) unable to finish (on time, etc.); (2) (kana only) unbearable; intolerable; beyond endurance; too much


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Japanese naranukanninsurugakannin / ならぬかんにんするがかんにん Japanese (expression) (proverb) to endure what is unendurable is true endurance
This page contains 65 results for "endurance" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

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Japanese Kanji Dictionary

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