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Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

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If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ fo2
Taiwan fo
Japanese hotoke / ほとけ    butsu / ぶつ    futsu / ふつ
Chinese Japanese variant of 佛
Japanese (1) Buddha; merciful person; Buddhist image; (2) the dead; dead person; spirit of the dead; Buddha; Buddhism; (abbreviation) (See 仏蘭西) France; (surname) Hotokesaki; (surname) Hotoke; (place-name) Furansu; (place-name) Futsu; (personal name) Satoru

see styles
Mandarin xiān / xian1
Taiwan hsien
Japanese sen / せん
Chinese immortal
Japanese hermit; wizard; (personal name) Hisa; (personal name) Nori; (personal name) Sonhi; (personal name) Senji; (surname, female given name) Sen
僊 ṛṣi, 哩始 an immortal. 仙人; 人仙 the genī, of whom there is a famous group of eight 八仙; an ascetic, a man of the hills, a hermit; the Buddha. The 楞嚴經 gives ten kinds of immortals, walkers on the earth, fliers, wanderers at will, into space, into the deva heavens, transforming themselves into any form, etc. The names of ten ṛṣis, who preceded Śākyamuni, the first being 闍提首那? Jatisena; there is also a list of sixty-eight 大仙 given in the 大孔雀咒經下 A classification of five is 天仙 deva genī, 神仙 spirit genī, 人仙 human genī, 地仙 earth, or cavern genī, and 鬼仙 ghost genī.

see styles
Mandarin/ fu2
Taiwan fu
Japanese hotoke / ほとけ    butsusaki / ぶつさき
Chinese Buddha; Buddhism
Japanese (surname) Hotoke; (surname) Butsusaki
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.

see styles
Mandarin xìn / xin4
Taiwan hsin
Japanese shin / しん
Chinese letter; mail; CL:封[feng1]; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
Japanese (adv,n) (1) honesty; fidelity; (2) trust; reliance; (3) (religious) faith; (counter) (4) counter for received messages; (female given name) Yuki; (female given name) Michi; (female given name) Makoto; (personal name) Noburu; (personal name) Nobutsugu; (surname) Nobutaka; (personal name) Nobuji; (surname) Nobusaki; (personal name) Nobukatsu; (female given name) Nobu; (personal name) Shinji; (surname, female given name) Shin; (female given name) Shino; (female given name) Akira
śraddhā. Faith; to believe; belief; faith regarded as the faculty of the mind which sees, appropriates, and trusts the things of religion; it joyfully trusts in the Buddha, in the pure virtue of the triratna and earthly and transcendental goodness; it is the cause of the pure life, and the solvent of doubt. Two forms are mentioned: (1) adhimukti, intuition, tr. by self-assured enlightenment. (2) śraddhā, faith through hearing or being taught. For the Awakening of Faith, Śraddhotpāda, v. 起信論.

see styles
Mandarin/ li4
Taiwan li
Japanese ryoku / りょく    riki / りき    chikara / ちから
Chinese power; force; strength; ability; strenuously; surname Li
Japanese (suffix) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (1) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (suffix noun) (2) (after a number of people) the strength of ... people; the strength of ... men; (1) force; strength; might; vigour (vigor); energy; (2) capability; ability; proficiency; capacity; faculty; (3) efficacy; effect; (4) effort; endeavours (endeavors); exertions; (5) power; authority; influence; good offices; agency; (6) (See 力になる) support; help; aid; assistance; (7) stress; emphasis; (8) means; resources; (given name) Riki; (given name) Teiriki; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (given name) Tsutome; (male given name) Tsutomu; (surname, female given name) Chikara; (surname) Takariki; (given name) Isamu; (given name) Isao
bala; power, strength, of which there are several categories: 二力 power of choice and of practice; 三力 the power of Buddha; of meditation (samādhi) and of practice. 五力 pañcabala, the five powers of faith, zeal, memory (or remembering), meditation, and wisdom. 六力 A child's power is in crying; a woman's in resentment; a king's in domineering; an arhat's in zeal (or progress); a Buddha's in mercy; and a bhikṣu's in endurance (of despite) . 十力 q.v. The ten powers of Buddhas and bodhisattvas.

see styles
Mandarin běn / ben3
Taiwan pen
Japanese hon / ほん
Chinese root; stem; origin; source; this; the current; original; inherent; originally; classifier for books, periodicals, files etc
Japanese (1) (See ご本・ごほん) book; volume; script; (prefix) (2) this; present; (3) main; head; (4) real; regular; (suf,ctr) (5) (sometimes pronounced ぼん or ぽん) counter for long cylindrical things; counter for films, TV shows, etc.; counter for goals, home runs, etc.; counter for telephone calls; (surname) Yanakamoto; (surname) Motoyanagi; (personal name) Motomura; (surname) Motohama; (place-name) Motoichi; (place-name, surname) Moto; (personal name) Makoto; (surname) Pon; (surname) Hon'yanagi; (personal name) Honshou; (personal name) Honshio; (surname) Honzaki; (surname) Hon; (surname, given name) Hajime
Radical, fundamental, original, principal, one's own; the Buddha himself, contrasted with 蹟 chi, traces left by him among men to educate them; also a volume of a book; root

see styles
Mandarin huǒ / huo3
Taiwan huo
Japanese hi / ひ    ka / か
Chinese fire; urgent; ammunition; fiery or flaming; internal heat (Chinese medicine); hot (popular); classifier for military units (old); surname Huo
Japanese (n,n-suf) fire; flame; blaze; (1) (abbreviation) (See 火曜) Tuesday; (2) (See 五行・1) fire (second of the five elements)
Fire, flame. Śikhin 尸棄; 式棄, which means fire in the sense of flame, is the name of the 999th Buddha of the kalpa preceding this.

see styles
Mandarin niú / niu2
Taiwan niu
Japanese ushi(p);gyuu;ushi / ushi(p);gyu;ushi / うし(P);ぎゅう;ウシ
Chinese ox; cow; bull; CL:條|条[tiao2],頭|头[tou2]; (slang) awesome; surname Niu
Japanese (1) cattle (Bos taurus); cow; bull; ox; calf; (2) (usu. ぎゅう) (See 牛肉) beef; (3) (ぎゅう only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,玄武・げんぶ・2) Chinese "Ox" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (surname) Niu; (surname) Giyuu; (given name) Gyuutetsu; (surname) Gyuu; (personal name) Ushimatsu; (personal name) Ushibori; (personal name) Ushihori; (surname) Ushi
go, gaus; ox, bull, bullock, etc. A term applied to the Buddha Gautama as in 牛王 king of bulls, possibly because of the derivation of his name; the phrase 騎牛來牛 (or 騎牛覔牛) to ride an ox, to seek an ox, means to use the Buddha to find the Buddha.


see styles
Mandarin gàn / gan4
Taiwan kan
Japanese kon / こん
Chinese violet or purple
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) navy blue; deep blue; (surname) Konsaki; (surname, female given name) Kon
A violet or purplish colour, a blend of blue and red; also called紺靑 and紺璢璃, the colour of the roots紺髮 or 紺頂 of the Buddha's hair.


see styles
Mandarin gài / gai4
Taiwan kai
Japanese futa(p);gai;futa / ふた(P);がい;フタ
Chinese lid; top; cover; canopy; to cover; to conceal; to build; surname Ge
Japanese (kana only) cover; lid; cap; (surname) Kinugasa; (surname) Kinugaki; (surname) Kai
A cover, anything that screens, hides, or hinders; to build; then, for. The passions which delude the real mind so that it does not develop. A hat, or umbrella, or any cover. The canopy over a Buddha.

see styles
Mandarin shēn / shen1
Taiwan shen
Japanese mi / み
Chinese body; life; oneself; personally; one's morality and conduct; the main part of a structure or body; pregnant; classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset; Kangxi radical 158
Japanese (1) body; (2) oneself; (3) one's place; one's position; (4) main part; meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.); wood (as opposed to bark); blade (as opposed to its handle); container (as opposed to its lid); (surname) Misaki
kāya; tanu; deha. The body; the self.; Two forms of body; there are numerous pairs, e. g. (1) (a) 分段身 The varied forms of the karmic or ordinary mortal body, or being; (b) 變易身 the transformable, or spiritual body. (2) (a) 生身 The earthly body of the Buddha; (b) 化身 hinirmāṇakāya, which may take any form at will. (3) (a) 生身 his earthly body; (b) 法身 his moral and mental nature—a Hīnayāna definition, but Mahāyāna takes his earthly nirmāṇakāya as the 生身 and his dharmakāya or that and his saṃbhogakāya as 法身. (4) 眞應二身 The dharmakāya and nirmāṇakāya. (5) (a) 實相身 The absolute truth, or light, of the Buddha, i. e. the dharmakāya; (b) 爲物身 the functioning or temporal body. (6) (a) 眞身 the dharmakāya and saṃbhogakāya; (b) 化身 the nirmāṇakāya. (7) (a) 常身 his permanent or eternal body; (b) 無常身 his temporal body. (8) (a) 實身 and 化身 idem 二色身.

see styles
Mandarin xiāng / xiang1
Taiwan hsiang
Japanese kou;kori(ok) / ko;kori(ok) / こう;こり(ok)    kyou / kyo / きょう    ka / か
Chinese fragrant; sweet smelling; aromatic; savory or appetizing; (to eat) with relish; (of sleep) sound; perfume or spice; joss or incense stick; CL:根[gen1]
Japanese (See 御香) incense; (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 香車) lance; (esp. 〜の香) (See 花の香) smell (esp. a good smell); fragrance; scent; aroma; perfume; (female given name) Yuka; (female given name) Koron; (place-name) Kouyatsu; (surname) Kouzaki; (given name) Koukei; (female given name) Kou; (personal name) Kyouji; (female given name) Kyou; (female given name) Kaori (Kawori); (personal name) Kamura; (female given name) Kahoru; (female given name) Kanata; (personal name) Kasumi; (m,f) Kaoru; (surname, female given name) Kaori; (female given name) Kaaya; (surname) Ka
(竹; 象) Incense made in coils and burnt to measure the time; also 香盤; 香印.; gandha. Fragrance; incense; the sense of smell, i.e. one of the ṣaḍāyātana, six senses. Incense is one of the 使 Buddha's messengers to stimulate faith and devotion.


see styles
Mandarin guī / gui1
Taiwan kuei
Japanese ki
Chinese tortoise; turtle
Tortoise, turtle. The rareness of meeting a Buddha is compared with the difficulty of a blind sea-turtle finding a log to float on, or a one-eyed tortoise finding a log with a spy-hole through it.

三宝

see styles
Japanese sanbou;sanpou / sanbo;sanpo / さんぼう;さんぽう
Japanese {Buddh} The Three Jewels; The Triple Gem; Triratna; The Three Treasures; Buddha, Dharma, Sangha; Buddha, the teachings of Buddha, and the community of monks and nuns; (surname) Sanpou; (surname) Sanbou

三寶


三宝

see styles
Mandarin sān bǎo / san1 bao3
Taiwan san pao
Japanese sanbou / sanbo / さんぼう
Chinese the Three Precious Treasures of Buddhism, namely: the Buddha 佛, the Dharma 法 (his teaching), and the Sangha 僧 (his monastic order)
Japanese (surname) Sanbou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

世界

see styles
Mandarin shì jiè / shi4 jie4
Taiwan shih chieh
Japanese sekai / せかい
Chinese world; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (1) the world; society; the universe; (2) sphere; circle; world; (can be adjective with の) (3) renowned; world-famous; well-known outside of Japan; (4) {Buddh} (original meaning) realm governed by one Buddha; space; (surname, female given name) Sekai
Loka 世間; the finite world, the world, a world, which is of two kinds: (1) 衆生世界 that of the living, who are receiving their 正報 correct recompense or karma; (2) 器世界 that of the material, or that on which karma depends for expression. By the living is meant 有情 the sentient.

佛光

see styles
Mandarin fó guāng / fo2 guang1
Taiwan fo kuang
Japanese bukkō
Chinese Buddha's teachings; aura (around the head of Buddha)
The light of Buddha, spiritual enlightenment; halo, glory; light of the Buddha

佛教

see styles
Mandarin fó jiào / fo2 jiao4
Taiwan fo chiao
Japanese bukkyō / ぶっきょう
Chinese Buddhism
Japanese (out-dated kanji) Buddhism
Buddha's teaching; Buddhism, v. 釋教.

佛法

see styles
Mandarin fó fǎ / fo2 fa3
Taiwan fo fa
Japanese buppō
Chinese Dharma (the teachings of the Buddha); Buddhist doctrine
buddhadharma; the Dharma or Law preached by the Buddha, the principles underlying these teachings, the truth attained by him, its embodiment in his being. Buddhism; the Buddha-dharma

佛眼

see styles
Mandarin fó yǎn / fo2 yan3
Taiwan fo yen
Japanese butsugen
The eye of Buddha, the enlightened one who sees all and is omniscient; Buddha-eye

信心

see styles
Mandarin xìn xīn / xin4 xin1
Taiwan hsin hsin
Japanese shinjin / しんじん
Chinese confidence; faith (in sb or something); CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) faith; belief; devotion; godliness
A believing mind, which receives without doubting.; Great or firm faith in, or surrender to Buddha, especially to Amitabha.

光明

see styles
Mandarin guāng míng / guang1 ming2
Taiwan kuang ming
Japanese koumyou(p);koumei / komyo(p);kome / こうみょう(P);こうめい
Chinese light; radiance; (fig.) bright (prospects etc); openhearted
Japanese (1) bright light; (2) hope; bright future; (3) {Buddh} light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion; (personal name) Mitsuharu; (given name) Mitsuaki; (given name) Teruaki; (g,p) Koumei; (p,s,g) Koumyou
v. last entry; radiance

勤求

see styles
Mandarin qín qiú / qin2 qiu2
Taiwan ch`in ch`iu / chin chiu
Japanese gongu / ごんぐ
Japanese inquiring the Buddha way
To seek diligently (after the good); to strive for

化身

see styles
Mandarin huà shēn / hua4 shen1
Taiwan hua shen
Japanese keshin / けしん
Chinese incarnation; reincarnation; embodiment (of abstract idea); personification
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) {Buddh} incarnation; impersonation; personification; avatar
nirmāṇakāya, 應身, 應化身; 變化身 The third characteristic or power of the trikāya 三身, a Buddha's metamorphosic body, which has power to assume any shape to propagate the Truth. Some interpret the term as connoting pan-Buddha, that all nature in its infinite variety is the phenomenal 佛身 Buddha-body. A narrower interpretation is his appearance in human form expressed by 應身, while 化身 is used for his manifold other forms of appearances.

十法

see styles
Mandarin shí fǎ / shi2 fa3
Taiwan shih fa
Japanese jippō
The ten 成就 perfect or perfecting Mahāyāna rules; i.e. in (1) right belief; (2) conduct; (3) spirit; (4) the joy of the bodhi mind; (5) joy in the dharma; (6) joy in meditation in it; (7) pursuing the correct dharma; (8) obedience to, or accordance with it; (9) departing from pride, etc.; (10) comprehending the inner teaching of Buddha and taking no pleasure in that of the śrāvaka and pratyeka-buddha order; ten completions of the great vehicle standards

圓光


圆光

see styles
Mandarin guang  / guang1 
Taiwan guang 
Japanese enkou / enko / えんこう
Chinese radiance emanating from the head; halo
Japanese (surname) Enkou
The halo surrounding the head of a Buddha, etc; Wongwang

實道


实道

see styles
Mandarin shí dào / shi2 dao4
Taiwan shih tao
Japanese jitsudō
The true way, the true religion, absolute Buddha-truth.

平等

see styles
Mandarin píng děng / ping2 deng3
Taiwan p`ing teng / ping teng
Japanese byoudou / byodo / びょうどう
Chinese equal; equality
Japanese (adj-na,adj-no,n) equality; impartiality; evenness; (place-name) Byoudou; (female given name) Hirara; (surname) Hiratou; (surname) Hirato; (place-name) Daira; (place-name) Taira
sama; samatā. Level, even, everywhere the same, universal, without partiality; it especially refers to the Buddha in his universal; impartial, and equal attitude towards all beings; equality

心印

see styles
Mandarin xīn yìn / xin1 yin4
Taiwan hsin yin
Japanese shinnin
Mental impression, intuitive certainty; the mind is the Buddha-mind in all, which can seal or assure the truth; the term indicates the intuitive method of the 禪 Ch' an (Zen) school, which was independent of the spoken or written word; mind-seal

慈悲

see styles
Mandarin cí bēi / ci2 bei1
Taiwan tz`u pei / tzu pei
Japanese jihi / じひ
Chinese mercy
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) compassion (e.g. of Buddha); benevolence; charity; mercy; (2) (abbreviation) (See 慈悲心鳥) Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo (Cuculus fugax); Horsfield's hawk cuckoo
Compassion and pity, merciful, compassionate.

日蓮


日莲

see styles
Mandarin rì lián / ri4 lian2
Taiwan jih lien
Japanese nichiren / にちれん
Japanese (given name) Nichiren; (person) Nichiren (Buddhist priest, 1222-82, founder of the Nichiren sect)
Nichiren, the Japanese founder, in A. D. 1252, of the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect, which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect. Its chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya: (1) 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i. e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha; (2) 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-gwe-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, 'Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law, ' for it is Buddha's spiritual body; (3) 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

有緣


有缘

see styles
Mandarin yǒu yuán / you3 yuan2
Taiwan yu yüan
Japanese uen
Chinese related; brought together by fate
Those who have the cause, link, or connection, i. e. are influenced by and responsive to the Buddha; possessing the objects of consciousness

法輪


法轮

see styles
Mandarin fǎ lún / fa3 lun2
Taiwan fa lun
Japanese hourin / horin / ほうりん
Chinese the Eternal Wheel of life in Buddhism
Japanese {Buddh} (See 輪宝,転法輪) the teachings of Buddha (as likened to the Dharmachakra, originally a wheel-like weapon used to destroy the evils of mankind); Buddhist doctrine; (surname) Noriwa
dharmacakra, the Wheel of the Law, Buddha-truth which is able to crush all evil and all opposition, like Indra's wheel, and which rolls on from man to man, place to place, age to age. 轉法輪To turn, or roll along the Law-wheel, i.e. to preach Buddha-truth.

淨土


净土

see styles
Mandarin jìng tǔ / jing4 tu3
Taiwan ching t`u / ching tu
Japanese jōdo
Chinese (Buddhism) Pure Land, usually refers to Amitabha Buddha's Western Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss (Sukhavati in Sanskrit)
Sukhāvatī. The Pure Land, or Paradise of the West, presided over by Amitābha. Other Buddhas have their Pure Lands; seventeen other kinds of pure land are also described, all of them of moral or spiritual conditions of development, e.g. the pure land of patience, zeal, wisdom, etc.

渴法

see styles
Mandarin kě fǎ / ke3 fa3
Taiwan k`o fa / ko fa
Japanese katsuhō
To thirst for the truth, or for the Buddha-way; thirst for the dharma

神道

see styles
Mandarin shén dào / shen2 dao4
Taiwan shen tao
Japanese shintou(p);shindou / shinto(p);shindo / しんとう(P);しんどう
Chinese Shinto (Japanese religion)
Japanese Shinto; Shintoism; (surname) Jindou; (surname) Shindou; (surname) Shishidou
The spirit world of devas, asuras, and pretas. Psychology, or the doctrines concerning the soul. The teaching of Buddha. Shinto, the Way of the Gods, a Japanese national religion; the spiritual path

禪宗


禅宗

see styles
Mandarin chán zōng / chan2 zong1
Taiwan ch`an tsung / chan tsung
Japanese Zenshū
Chinese Zen Buddhism
The Chan, meditative or intuitional, sect usually said to have been established in China by Bodhidharma, v. 達, the twenty-eighth patriarch, who brought the tradition of the Buddha-mind from India. Cf. 楞 13 Laṅkāvatāra sūtra. This sect, believing in direct enlightenment, disregarded ritual and sūtras and depended upon the inner light and personal influence for the propagation of its tenets, founding itself on the esoteric tradition supposed to have been imparted to Kāśyapa by the Buddha, who indicated his meaning by plucking a flower without further explanation. Kāśyapa smiled in apprehension and is supposed to have passed on this mystic method to the patriarchs. The successor of Bodhidharma was 慧可 Huike, and he was succeeded by 僧璨 Sengcan; 道信 Daoxin; 弘忍 Hongren; 慧能 Huineng, and 神秀 Shenxiu, the sect dividing under the two latter into the southern and northern schools: the southern school became prominent, producing 南嶽 Nanyue and 靑原 Qingyuan, the former succeeded by 馬祖 Mazu, the latter by 石頭 Shitou. From Mazu's school arose the five later schools, v. 禪門; meditation school

老子

see styles
Mandarin lǎo zi / lao3 zi
Taiwan lao tzu
Japanese roushi / roshi / ろうし
Chinese father; daddy; "I, your father" (in anger, or out of contempt); I (used arrogantly or jocularly); Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism; the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi
Japanese Laozi; Lao Tzu; Lao Tse; (personal name) Roushi; (surname) Oigo; (surname) Oiko
Laozi, or Laocius, the accepted founder of the Daoists. The theory that his soul went to India and was reborn as the Buddha is found in the 齊書 History of the Qi dynasty 顧歡傳.

菩薩


菩萨

see styles
Mandarin pú sà / pu2 sa4
Taiwan p`u sa / pu sa
Japanese bosatsu(p);bosachi(ok) / ぼさつ(P);ぼさち(ok)
Chinese Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.

行道

see styles
Mandarin xíng dào / xing2 dao4
Taiwan hsing tao
Japanese yukimichi / ゆきみち
Japanese route (when going somewhere); way (to get somewhere); (surname, given name) Yukimichi
To walk in the way, follow the Buddha-truth; to make procession round an image, especially of the Buddha, with the right shoulder towards it; to follow the path

見性


见性

see styles
Mandarin jiàn xìng / jian4 xing4
Taiwan chien hsing
Japanese kenshou / kensho / けんしょう
Japanese self-awareness; consciousness of one's own character
To behold the Buddha-nature within oneself, a common saying of the Chan (Zen) or Intuitive School; to see the (buddha-)nature

道場


道场

see styles
Mandarin dào chǎng / dao4 chang3
Taiwan tao ch`ang / tao chang
Japanese doujou / dojo / どうじょう
Chinese Taoist or Buddhist rite; abbr. for 菩提道場|菩提道场[Pu2 ti2 dao4 chang3]
Japanese (1) dojo (hall used for martial arts training); (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 菩提道場) manda (place of Buddhist practice or meditation, esp. the place under the bodhi tree where Buddha attained enlightenment); (surname) Michiba; (place-name, surname) Douba; (place-name, surname) Doujou; (surname) Touba
Truth-plot. bodhimaṇḍala, circle, or place of enlightenment. The place where Buddha attained enlightenment. A place, or method, for attaining to Buddha-truth. An object of or place for religious offerings. A place for teaching, learning, or practising religion; site of enlightenment

道德

see styles
Mandarin dào dé / dao4 de2
Taiwan tao te
Japanese dōtoku
Chinese virtue; morality; ethics; CL:種|种[zhong3]
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

釈迦

see styles
Japanese shaka / しゃか
Japanese Gautama Buddha (san: Śākya); Shakyamuni; the historical Buddha (5th c. BCE?); (p,s,g) Shaka

開覺


开觉

see styles
Mandarin kāi jué / kai1 jue2
Taiwan k`ai chüeh / kai chüeh
Japanese kaikaku
To arouse, awaken; to allow the original Buddha-nature to open and enlighten the mind; to awaken

降魔

see styles
Mandarin jiàng mó / jiang4 mo2
Taiwan chiang mo
Japanese gouma / goma / ごうま
Japanese conquering the devil; (surname) Gouma
To overcome demons, e.g. as the Buddha did at his enlightenment; to defeat the host of demons

靈光

see styles
Mandarin líng guāng / ling2 guang1
Taiwan ling kuang
Chinese divine light (around the Buddha); a halo; a miraculous column of light; (slang) jolly good!

喬答摩


乔答摩

see styles
Mandarin qiáo dá mó / qiao2 da2 mo2
Taiwan ch`iao ta mo / chiao ta mo
Japanese Kōtōma
Chinese Gautama, surname of the Siddhartha, the historical Buddha
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

悉達多


悉达多

see styles
Mandarin xī dá duō / xi1 da2 duo1
Taiwan hsi ta to
Japanese shiddaruta / しっだるた    shittaruta / しったるた
Chinese Siddhartha Gautama (563-485 BC), the historical Buddha and founder of Buddhism
Japanese (personal name) Shiddaruta; (person) Siddhartha
(悉達) Siddhārtha, Sarvāthasiddha, also悉多 (悉多頞他); 悉陀 the realization of all aims, prosperous; personal name of Śākyamuni.

獅子座


狮子座

see styles
Mandarin shī zǐ zuò / shi1 zi3 zuo4
Taiwan shih tzu tso
Japanese shishiza / ししざ
Chinese Leo (constellation and sign of the zodiac)
Japanese (1) {astron} Leo (constellation); the Lion; (2) {Buddh} (See 獅子の座) Buddha's seat; seat of a high monk
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

菩提樹


菩提树

see styles
Mandarin pú tí shù / pu2 ti2 shu4
Taiwan p`u t`i shu / pu ti shu
Japanese bodaiju / ぼだいじゅ
Chinese pipal tree (Ficus religiosa); bo fig tree; Bodhi tree (sacred to Buddhism and Hinduism)
Japanese (1) lime tree; linden (Tilia); (2) bo tree; peepul (Ficus religiosa); (given name) Bodaiju
bodhidruma, bodhitaru, bodhivṛkṣa; the wisdom-tree, i.e. that under which Śākyamuni attained his enlightenment, and became Buddha. The Ficus religiosa is the pippala, or aśvattha, wrongly identified by Faxian as the palm-tree; it is described as an evergreen, to have been 400 feet high, been cut down several times, but in the Tang dynasty still to be 40 or 50 feet high. A branch of it is said to have been sent by Aśoka to Ceylon, from which sprang the celebrated Bo-tree still flourishing there; bodhi-tree

大智慧門


大智慧门

see styles
Mandarin dà zhì huì mén / da4 zhi4 hui4 men2
Taiwan ta chih hui men
Japanese dai chie mon
The Buddha-door of great wisdom, as contrasted with that of his 大悲 great compassion; entry of great compassion

歡喜光佛


欢喜光佛

see styles
Mandarin huān xǐ guāng fú / huan1 xi3 guang1 fu2
Taiwan huan hsi kuang fu
Japanese Kangi Kōbutsu
Buddha of joyful light, Amitābha.

訖里瑟拏


讫里瑟拿

see styles
Mandarin qì lǐ sè ná / qi4 li3 se4 na2
Taiwan ch`i li se na / chi li se na
Japanese Kirishina
kṛṣna, black, dark. dark blue; Krishna, the hero-god of India, 'with Buddhists he is chief of the black demons, who are enemies of Buddha and the white demons.' M. W.

釋迦牟尼


释迦牟尼

see styles
Mandarin shì jiā móu ní / shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2
Taiwan shih chia mou ni
Japanese Shakamuni
Chinese Siddhartha Gautama (563-485 BC), the historical Buddha and founder of Buddhism; Sakyamuni Buddha (Sanskrit: sage of the Sakya)
釋迦文 (釋迦文尼); 釋伽文 Śākyamuni, the saint of the Śākya tribe. muni is saint, holy man, sage, ascetic monk; it is: intp. as 仁 benevolent, charitable, kind, also as 寂默 one who dwells in seclusion. After '500 or 550' previous incarnations, Śākyamuni finally attained to the state of Bodhisattva, was born in the Tuṣita heaven, and descended as a white elephant, through her right side, into the womb of the immaculate Māyā, the purest woman on earth; this was on the 8th day of the 4th month; next year on the 8th day of the 2nd month he was born from her right side painlessly as she stood under a tree in the Lumbinī garden. For the subsequent miraculous events v. Eitel. also the 神通遊戲經 (Lalitavistara), the 釋迦如來成道記, etc. Simpler statements say that he was born the son of Śuddhodana, of the kṣatriya caste, ruler of Kapilavastu, and Māyā his wife; that Māyā died seven days later, leaving him to be brought up by her sister Prājapati; that in due course he was married to Yaśodharā who bore him a son, Rāhula; that in search of truth he left home, became an ascetic, severely disciplined himself, and finally at 35 years of age, under a tree, realized that the way of release from the chain of rebirth and death lay not in asceticism but in moral purity; this he explained first in his four dogmas, v. 四諦 and eightfold noble way 八正道, later amplified and developed in many sermons. He founded his community on the basis of poverty, chastity, and insight or meditation, ad it became known as Buddhism, as he became known as Buddha, the enlightened. His death was probably in or near 487 B.C., a few years before that of Confucius in 479. The sacerdotal name of his family is Gautama, said to be the original name of the whole clan, Śākya being that of his branch, v. 瞿, 喬.; his personal name was Siddhārtha, or Sarvārthasiddha, v. 悉.

阿彌陀佛


阿弥陀佛

see styles
Mandarin ā mí tuó fó / a1 mi2 tuo2 fo2
Taiwan a mi t`o fo / a mi to fo
Japanese Amida butsu
Chinese Amitabha Buddha; the Buddha of the Western paradise; may the lord Buddha preserve us!; merciful Buddha!
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

南無阿弥陀仏

see styles
Japanese namuamidabutsu / なむあみだぶつ
Japanese (expression) {Buddh} Namu Amida Butsu; Hail Amitabha Buddha; Homage to Amida Buddha; prayer for rebirth in Sukhavati, the Pure Land of Amitabha

世尊

see styles
Mandarin shì zūn / shi4 zun1
Taiwan shih tsun
Japanese seson / せそん
Chinese World Honored One; Revered One of the World (Buddha)
Japanese World-Honored One (honorific name for Gautama Buddha)
lokajyeṣṭha, world's most Venerable, or lokanātha, lord of worlds. 盧迦委斯諦; 路迦那他 World-honoured, an epithet of every Buddha. Also a tr. of Bhagavat, v. 婆; world-honored one

佛像

see styles
Mandarin fó xiàng / fo2 xiang4
Taiwan fo hsiang
Japanese butsuzō / ぶつぞう
Chinese Buddhist image; statue of Buddha or Bodhisattva; CL:尊[zun1], 張|张[zhang1]
Japanese statue of Buddha; image of Buddha; Buddhist statue; Buddhist image
Buddha's image, or pratimā. There is a statement that in the fifth century A.D. the images in China were of Indian features, thick lips, high nose, long eyes, full jaws, etc., but that after the Tang the form became "more effeminate"; an image of the Buddha

坐像

see styles
Mandarin zuò xiàng / zuo4 xiang4
Taiwan tso hsiang
Japanese zazou / zazo / ざぞう
Chinese seated image (of a Buddha or saint)
Japanese seated figure (e.g. of Buddha); sedentary statue; sedentary image

大聖


大圣

see styles
Mandarin dà shèng / da4 sheng4
Taiwan ta sheng
Japanese daishou / daisho / だいしょう    taisei / taise / たいせい
Chinese great sage; mahatma; king; emperor; outstanding personage; Buddha
Japanese (1) (honorific or respectful language) {Buddh} Buddha; (2) {Buddh} high-ranked bodhisattva; great sage; (surname) Daishou; (personal name) Taisei
The great sage or saint, a title of a Buddha or a bodhisattva of high rank; as also are 大聖世尊 and 大聖主 the great holy honored one, or lord.

浮屠

see styles
Mandarin fú tú / fu2 tu2
Taiwan fu t`u / fu tu
Japanese futo / ふと
Chinese Buddha; Buddhist stupa (transliteration of Pali thupo)
Japanese (1) Buddha; (2) stupa; (3) Buddhist temple; (4) Buddhist monk
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin chéng / cheng2
Taiwan ch`eng / cheng
Japanese jou / jo / じょう
Chinese Japanese variant of 乘[cheng2]
Japanese (suffix) (1) (nth) power; (counter) (2) counter for vehicles; (3) multiplication; (4) {Buddh} Buddha's teachings; (surname) Yotsunoya; (given name) Minjou; (surname) Nori; (surname) Takajou; (given name) Jou

see styles
Mandarin/ ru3
Taiwan ju
Japanese chichi(p);chi / ちち(P);ち
Chinese breast; milk
Japanese (1) milk; (2) breast; (3) (ち only) loop; (4) (ち only) (See 梵鐘) decorative bump (on a hanging bell); (female given name) Miruku; (surname) Chichi
Milk, which in its five forms illustrates the Tiantai 五時教 five periods of the Buddha's teaching.

see styles
Mandarin wàn / wan4
Taiwan wan
Japanese manji / まんじ
Chinese swastika, a sacred and auspicious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism
Japanese swastika (esp. a counterclockwise swastika as a Buddhist symbol); fylfot; gammadion; (given name) Manji
sauvastika, 塞縛悉底迦; also styled 室利靺瑳 śrīvatsa, lucky sign, Viṣṇu's breast-curl or mark, tr. by 海雲 sea-cloud, or cirrhus. Used as a fancy form of 萬 or 萬; and is also written in a form said to resemble a curl. It is the 4th of the auspicious signs in the footprint of Buddha, and is a mystic diagram of great antiquity. To be distinguished from 卐svastika, the crampons of which turn to the right; ten thousand


see styles
Mandarin bei / bei
Taiwan pei
Japanese bai / ばい    uta / うた
Chinese modal particle indicating indicating lack of enthusiasm; modal particle indicating that things should only or can only be done a certain way; to chant; see 梵唄|梵呗[fan4 bai4]
Japanese song; (surname) Bai; (surname, female given name) Uta
pāṭha; pāṭhaka; read, recite, intone, chant, hymns in praise of Buddha; 唄匿 is erroneously said to transliterate the Sanskrit root vi-ne and to be the same as 婆陟 (or 婆師), but these are bhāṣa.

see styles
Mandarin/ ga2
Taiwan ka
Chinese phonetic ga (used in rendering Tibetan and Mongolian sounds); Tibetan Ge: language of Buddha; (dialect) final particle similar to 了[le5] (esp. in Yunnan)

see styles
Mandarin/ ta3
Taiwan t`a / ta
Japanese tou / to / とう
Chinese pagoda; tower; minaret; stupa (abbr. loanword from Sanskrit tapo); CL:座[zuo4]
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) tower; steeple; spire; (2) (abbreviation) (original meaning) (See 卒塔婆・1,塔婆・1) stupa; pagoda; dagoba; (surname) Tousaki; (surname, given name) Tou
stūpa; tope; a tumulus, or mound, for the bones, or remains of the dead, or for other sacred relics, especially of the Buddha, whether relics of the body or the mind, e.g. bones or scriptures. As the body is supposed to consist of 84,000 atoms, Aśoka is said to have built 84,000 stūpas to preserve relics of Śākyamuni. Pagodas, dagobas, or towers with an odd number of stories are used in China for the purpose of controlling the geomantic influences of a neighbourbood. Also 塔婆; 兜婆; 偸婆; 藪斗波; 窣堵波; 率都婆; 素覩波; 私鍮簸, etc. The stūpas erected over relics of the Buddha vary from the four at his birthplace, the scene of his enlightenment, of his first sermon, and of his death, to the 84,000 accredited to Aśoka.

see styles
Mandarin xìng / xing4
Taiwan hsing
Japanese sei / se / せい    shou / sho / しょう
Chinese nature; character; property; quality; attribute; sexuality; sex; gender; suffix forming adjective from verb; suffix forming noun from adjective, corresponding to -ness or -ity; essence; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (1) nature (of a person); (2) sex; (3) gender; (suffix) (4) (indicating quality or condition) -ty; -ity; -ness; -cy; (n,n-suf) (1) nature (of a person or thing); (2) {Buddh} that which does not change according to external influences; (surname) Shou
svabhāva, prakṛti, pradhāna. The nature intp. as embodied, causative, unchanging; also as independent or self-dependent; fundamental nature behind the manifestation or expression. Also, the Buddha-nature immanent in all beings, the Buddha heart or mind.

see styles
Mandarin míng / ming2
Taiwan ming
Japanese mei / me / めい    min / みん    myou / myo / みょう
Chinese bright; opposite: dark 暗[an4]; (of meaning) clear; to understand; next; public or open; wise; generic term for a sacrifice to the gods; Ming Dynasty (1368-1644); surname Ming; Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝[Yan2 di4] descended from Shennong 神農|神农[Shen2 nong2] Farmer God
Japanese (1) brightness; (2) clarity; acumen; (3) power of vision; Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644); (1) {Buddh} vidya (wisdom); (2) (See 真言・1) mantra; (prefix) (3) the coming (4th of July, etc.); (surname) Meishuu; (female given name) Mei; (given name) Min; (surname) Myoujin; (surname) Myou; (female given name) Hinata; (female given name) Haru; (female given name) Toshi; (given name) Tooru; (female given name) Sayaka; (female given name) Saya; (male given name) Satoshi; (personal name) Asumi; (surname) Akera; (personal name) Akemine; (surname) Akesaki; (place-name, surname) Ake; (female given name) Akuru; (surname) Akiraka; (surname, female given name) Akira; (u
vidyā, knowledge. ming means bright, clear, enlightenment, intp. by 智慧 or 聰明 wisdom, wise; to understand. It represents Buddha-wisdom and its revelation; also the manifestation of a Buddha's light or effulgence; it is a term for 眞言 because the 'true word' can destroy the obscurity of illusion; the 'manifestation' of the power of the object of worship; it means also dhāraṇīs or mantras of mystic wisdom. Also, the Ming dynasty A. D. 1368-1644.

see styles
Mandarin zhū / zhu1
Taiwan chu
Japanese megumi / めぐみ    tamami / たまみ    tamaki / たまき    tama / たま    arata / あらた
Chinese bead; pearl; CL:粒[li4],顆|颗[ke1]
Japanese (1) ball; sphere; globe; orb; (2) bead (of sweat, dew, etc.); drop; droplet; (3) ball (in sports); (4) pile (of noodles, etc.); (5) bullet; (6) bulb (i.e. a light bulb); (7) lens (of glasses, etc.); (8) bead (of an abacus); (9) (slang) (abbreviation) ball (i.e. a testicle); (10) gem; jewel (esp. spherical; sometimes used figuratively); pearl; (11) female entertainer (e.g. a geisha); (12) (derogatory term) person (when commenting on their nature); character; (13) item, funds or person used as part of a plot; (n,n-suf) (14) egg; (suffix noun) (15) coin; (16) precious; beautiful; excellent; (female given name) Megumi; (female given name) Tamami; (female given name) Tamaki; (female given name) Tama; (female given name) Arata
mani. A pearl; a bead; synonym for buddha-truth.

see styles
Mandarin xiāng / xiang1
Taiwan hsiang
Japanese sou / so / そう    shou / sho / しょう    ai / あい
Chinese appearance; portrait; picture; government minister; (physics) phase; (literary) to appraise (esp. by scrutinizing physical features); to read sb's fortune (by physiognomy, palmistry etc); each other; one another; mutually; surname Xiang
Japanese (1) appearance; look; countenance; (2) (See 女難の相) a 'seeming' that fortune-tellers relate to one's fortune; (3) {ling} aspect; (4) {physics} phase (e.g. solid, liquid and gaseous); (suffix) minister of state; (prefix) together; mutually; fellow; (given name) Tasuku; (surname) Aitaka; (personal name) Aiji; (surname, female given name) Ai
lakṣana 攞乞尖拏. Also, nimitta. A 'distinctive mark, sign', 'indication, characteristic', 'designation'. M. W. External appearance; the appearance of things; form; a phenomenon 有爲法 in the sense of appearance; mutual; to regard. The four forms taken by every phenomenon are 生住異滅 rise, stay, change, cease, i. e. birth, life, old age, death. The Huayan school has a sixfold division of form, namely, whole and parts, together and separate, integrate and disintegrate. A Buddha or Cakravartī is recognized by his thirty-two lakṣana , i. e. his thirty-two characteristic physiological marks.

穿

see styles
Mandarin chuān / chuan1
Taiwan ch`uan / chuan
Japanese haku / はく
Chinese to wear; to put on; to dress; to bore through; to pierce; to perforate; to penetrate; to pass through; to thread
Japanese (female given name) Haku
To bore, pierce; to thread; to don, put on. To bore a well and gradually discover water, likened to the gradual discovery of the Buddha-nature.


see styles
Mandarin jīng / jing1
Taiwan ching
Japanese tsune / つね    tate / たて    kyou / kyo / きょう
Chinese classics; sacred book; scripture; to pass through; to undergo; to bear; to endure; warp (textile); longitude; menstruation; channel (TCM); abbr. for economics 經濟|经济[jing1 ji4]; surname Jing
Japanese (female given name) Tsune; (surname) Tate; (surname) Kyou
A warp, that which runs lengthwise; to pass through or by, past; to manage, regulate; laws, canons, classics. Skt. sūtras; threads, threaded together, classical works. Also called 契經 and 經本. The sūtras in the Tripiṭaka are the sermons attributed to the Buddha; the other two divisions are 律 the Vinaya, and 論 the śāstras, or Abhidharma; cf. 三藏. Every sūtra begins with the words 如是我聞 'Thus did I hear', indicating that it contains the words of Śākyamuni.

see styles
Mandarin/ zi4
Taiwan tzu
Japanese ji;koro(ok) / じ;ころ(ok)
Chinese self; oneself; from; since; naturally; surely
Japanese (prefix) (1) self-; (2) (じ only) (See 至) from ...; (3) (じ only) this ... (in contrast to some other ...); aforementioned; (female given name) Mizu; (surname) Satsuka
sva, svayam; the self, one' s own, personal; of itself, naturally, of course; also, from (i. e. from the self as central). 自 is used as the opposite of 他 another, other's, etc., e. g. 自力 (in) one's own strength as contrasted with 他力 the strength of another, especially in the power to save of a Buddha or Bodhisattva. It is also used in the sense of ātman 阿怛摩 the self, or the soul.


see styles
Mandarin/ di4
Taiwan ti
Japanese tai / たい    akira / あきら
Chinese to examine; truth (Buddhism)
Japanese (given name) Tai; (given name) Akira
To judge, examine into, investigate, used in Buddhism for satya, a truth, a dogma, an axiom; applied to the āryasatyāni, the four dogmas, or noble truths, of 苦, 集, 滅, and 道 suffering, (the cause of its) assembly, the ( possibility of its cure, or) extinction, and the way (to extinction), i.e. the eightfold noble path, v. 四諦 and 八聖道. There are other categories of 諦, e.g. (2) 眞 and 俗 Reality in contrast with ordinary ideas of things; (3) 空, 假 and 中 q.v. (6) by the 勝論宗; and(8) by the 法相宗.; Two forms of statement: (a) 俗諦 saṃvṛti-satya, also called 世諦, 世俗諦, 覆俗諦, 覆諦, meaning common or ordinary statement, as if phenomena were real; (b) 眞諦 paramartha-satya, also called 第一諦, 勝義諦, meaning the correct dogma or averment of the enlightened. Another definition is 王法 and 佛法, royal law and Buddha law.

see styles
Mandarin/ zu2
Taiwan tsu
Japanese soku / そく
Chinese foot; to be sufficient; ample; excessive
Japanese (suf,ctr) counter for pairs (of socks, shoes, etc.); (given name) Mitsuru; (personal name) Tannu; (place-name) Taru; (surname) Ashitaka
Foot, leg; enough, full.; A man's two legs, compared to goodness and wisdom, 福 being counted as the first five of the pāramitās, 智 as the sixth; v. 六度. 二足尊 The honoured one among bipeds or men, i. e. a Buddha; cf. 兩足.


see styles
Mandarin shì / shi4
Taiwan shih
Japanese toki / とき    shiyaku / しやく    shaku / しゃく    eki / えき
Chinese to explain; to release; Buddha (abbr. for 釋迦牟尼|释迦牟尼[Shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2]); Buddhism
Japanese (surname) Toki; (surname) Shiyaku; (surname) Shaku; (surname) Eki
To separate out, set free, unloose, explain; Buddhism, Buddhist; translit. śa, śi; also ḍ, ḍh; to explain

see styles
Mandarin chù / chu4
Taiwan ch`u / chu
Chinese crowd; transliteration of Sanskrit 'kso', e.g. Aksobhya Buddha 阿閦佛

お蔭

see styles
Japanese okage / おかげ Japanese (1) (kana only) grace (of God); benevolence (of Buddha); blessing; (2) (kana only) assistance; help; aid; (3) (kana only) effects; influence

お陰

see styles
Japanese okage / おかげ Japanese (1) (kana only) grace (of God); benevolence (of Buddha); blessing; (2) (kana only) assistance; help; aid; (3) (kana only) effects; influence

ご影

see styles
Japanese goei / goe / ごえい Japanese (honorific or respectful language) image (esp. of a deity, buddha, royal, noble, etc.)

一佛

see styles
Mandarin yī fó / yi1 fo2
Taiwan i fo
Japanese ichibutsu / いちぶつ
Japanese (surname) Ichibutsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

一刹

see styles
Mandarin yī shā / yi1 sha1
Taiwan i sha
Japanese issetsu
v. 掣. A kṣetra, a land, a Buddha-realm or chiliocosm; a world

一化

see styles
Mandarin yī huà / yi1 hua4
Taiwan i hua
Japanese ichike
The teaching and influence of a Buddha during one Buddha-period; also the teaching of the whole truth at once; also an instantaneous reform; one life's teachings

一向

see styles
Mandarin yī xiàng / yi1 xiang4
Taiwan i hsiang
Japanese ikkou / ikko / いっこう
Chinese always (previously); a period of time in the recent past
Japanese (adverb) (1) (See 一向に・1) completely; absolutely; totally; (2) (in a negative sentence) (not) at all; (not) a bit; (not) in the least; (3) earnestly; intently; determinedly; (4) (abbreviation) (See 一向宗) Jōdo Shinshū; (surname) Hitomukai; (surname) Ikkou
One direction, each direction; with single mind, the mind fixed in one direction undistracted; e.g. 一向淸淨無有女人 (The land of that Buddha is) everywhere pure; no women are there.

一味

see styles
Mandarin yī wèi / yi1 wei4
Taiwan i wei
Japanese hitoaji / ひとあじ    ichimi / いちみ
Chinese blindly; invariably
Japanese (adv,n) unique or peculiar flavor (flavour); (noun/participle) clan; partisans; conspirators; gang; crew; (given name) Kazumi; (surname) Ichimi
One, or the same flavour, kind or character, i.e. the Buddha's teaching; single taste

一因

see styles
Mandarin yī yīn / yi1 yin1
Taiwan i yin
Japanese ichiin / ichin / いちいん
Japanese cause
A cause; the cause from which the Buddha-law arises.

一地

see styles
Mandarin yī de / yi1 de
Taiwan i te
Japanese ichiji / いちぢ    ichichi / いちち
Japanese (personal name) Ichidzi; (surname) Ichichi
The one ground; the same ground; the Buddha-nature of all living beings i.e. as all the plants grow out of the one ground, so all good character and works grow from the one Buddha-nature; single ground

一念

see styles
Mandarin yī niàn / yi1 nian4
Taiwan i nien
Japanese ichinen / いちねん
Japanese (1) determined purpose; (2) {Buddh} an incredibly short span of time (i.e. the time occupied by a single thought); (3) {Buddh} (See 浄土宗) a single repetition of a prayer (esp. in Jodo-shu); (personal name) Kazune; (personal name) Itsune; (given name) Ichinen
A kṣaṇa, or thought; a concentration of mind; a moment; the time of a thought, of which there are varying measurements from 60 kṣaṇa upwards; the Fan-yi-ming-yi makes it one kṣaṇa. A reading. A repetition (especially of Amitābha's name). The Pure-land sect identify the thought of Buddha with Amitābha's vow, hence it is an assurance of salvation; thought-moment

一持

see styles
Mandarin yī chí / yi1 chi2
Taiwan i ch`ih / i chih
Japanese ichiji
Adherence to one Buddha and one sūtra; sticking to one thing

一遍

see styles
Mandarin yī biàn / yi1 bian4
Taiwan i pien
Japanese ippen / いっぺん
Chinese one time (all the way through); once through
Japanese (adverbial noun) (1) (kana only) once; one time; (all at) once; in one sitting; (2) (kana only) exclusively; only; alone; (given name) Ippen
Once, one recital of Buddha's name, or of a sūtra, or magic formula; style of 智眞 Zhizhen, founder of the 時宗 Ji-shū (Japan); all thoughts

一雨

see styles
Mandarin yī yǔ / yi1 yu3
Taiwan i yü
Japanese ichiburi / いちぶり    ichiu / いちう
Japanese shower; rainfall; (place-name) Ichiburi; (personal name) Ichiu
A rain, i.e. a lesson from the Buddha, or his teaching, see Lotus V.

七仏

see styles
Japanese shichibutsu / しちぶつ Japanese (abbreviation) (See 過去七仏) the seven previous incarnations of Buddha

七佛

see styles
Mandarin qī fú / qi1 fu2
Taiwan ch`i fu / chi fu
Japanese shichibutsu
sapta Buddha. The seven ancient Buddhas, viz. Vipaśyin 毘婆尸, Śikhin 尸棄, Viśvabhū 毘舍婆, Krakucchanda 拘樓孫, Kanakamuni 倶那含牟尼 or 拘那含, Kāśyapa 迦葉, and Śākyamuni 釋迦. The last four are said to be of the present kalpa; seven past buddhas

七善

see styles
Mandarin qī shàn / qi1 shan4
Taiwan ch`i shan / chi shan
Japanese shichizen
The seven exce1lences claimed for the Buddha's teaching good in its 時 timing or seasonableness, 義 meaning, 語 expression, 濁法 uniqueness, 具足 completeness, 淸淨調柔 pure adaptability, and 凡行 its sole objective, nirvana. There are other similar groups; seven excellences

七子

see styles
Mandarin qī zi / qi1 zi
Taiwan ch`i tzu / chi tzu
Japanese fumiko / ふみこ    nanako / ななこ    shichiko / しちこ
Japanese (female given name) Fumiko; (female given name) Nanako; (female given name) Shichiko
The parable in the Nirvana Sutra of the sick son whose parents, though they love all their sons equally, devote themselves to him. So does the Buddha specially care for sinners. The seven sons are likened to mankind, devas, sravakas, pratyeka-buddhas, and the three kinds of bodhisattvas of the 藏, 通 and 別教.

七逆

see styles
Mandarin qī nì / qi1 ni4
Taiwan ch`i ni / chi ni
Japanese shichigyaku
(七逆罪) The seven rebellious acts, or deadly sins — shedding a Buddha's blood, killing father, mother, monk, teacher, subverting or disrupting monks, killing an arhat. V. 梵綱經下.

丈六

see styles
Mandarin zhàng liù / zhang4 liu4
Taiwan chang liu
Japanese jouroku / joroku / じょうろく
Japanese (1) one jō and six shaku (4.85m); (2) statue of Buddha measuring one jō and six shaku; (3) sitting cross-legged; (place-name, surname) Jouroku
Sixteen "feet", the normal height of a Buddha in his "transformation body" 化 身 nirmāṇa-kāya; said to be the height of the Buddha when he was on earth; sixteen feet

三乘

see styles
Mandarin sān chéng / san1 cheng2
Taiwan san ch`eng / san cheng
Japanese minori / みのり
Japanese (surname) Minori
Triyāna, the three vehicles, or conveyances which carry living beings across saṁsāra or mortality (births-and-deaths) to the shores of nirvāṇa. The three are styled 小,中, and 大. Sometimes the three vehicles are defined as 聲聞 Śrāvaka, that of the hearer or obedient disciple; 緣覺Pratyeka-buddha, that of the enlightened for self; these are described as 小乘 because the objective of both is personal salvation; the third is 菩薩Bodhisattva, or 大乘 Mahāyāna, because the objective is the salvation of all the living. The three are also depicted as 三車 three wains, drawn by a goat, a deer, an ox. The Lotus declares that the three are really the One Buddha-vehicle, which has been revealed in three expedient forms suited to his disciples' capacity, the Lotus Sūtra being the unifying, complete, and final exposition. The Three Vehicles are differently explained by different exponents, e.g. (1) Mahāyāna recognizes (a) Śrāvaka, called Hīnayāna, leading in longer or shorter periods to arhatship; (b) Pratyeka-buddha, called Madhyamayāna, leading after still longer or shorter periods to a Buddhahood ascetically attained and for self; (c) Bodhisattva, called Mahayana, leading after countless ages of self-sacrifce in saving others and progressive enlightenment to ultimate Buddhahood. (2) Hīnayāna is also described as possessing three vehicles 聲, 緣, 菩 or 小, 中, 大, the 小 and 中 conveying to personal salvation their devotees in ascetic dust and ashes and mental annihilation, the 大 leading to bodhi, or perfect enlightenment, and the Buddha's way. Further definitions of the Triyāna are: (3) True bodhisattva teaching for the 大; pratyeka-buddha without ignorant asceticism for the 中; and śrāvaka with ignorant asceticism for the 小. (4) (a) 一乘 The One-Vehicle which carries all to Buddhahood: of this the 華嚴 Hua-yen and 法華 Fa-hua are typical exponents; (b) 三乘法 the three-vehicle, containing practitioners of all three systems, as expounded in books of the 深密般若; (c) 小乘 the Hīnayāna pure and simple as seen in the 四阿合經 Four Āgamas. Śrāvakas are also described as hearers of the Four Truths and limited to that degree of development; they hear from the pratyeka-buddhas, who are enlightened in the Twelve Nidānas 因緣; the bodhisattvas make the 六度 or six forms of transmigration their field of sacrificial saving work, and of enlightenment. The Lotus Sūtra really treats the 三乘. Three Vehicles as 方便 or expedient ways, and offers a 佛乘 Buddha Vehicle as the inclusive and final vehicle.

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This page contains 100 results for "buddha" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

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No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

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