Free Chinese & Japanese Online Dictionary

Include Japanese names (2-3 seconds longer).

If you enter English words, search is Boolean mode:
Enter fall to get just entries with fall in them.
Enter fall* to get results including "falling" and "fallen".
Enter +fall -season -autumn to make sure fall is included, but not entries with autumn or season.


Mandarin Mandarin Chinese information.
Wade Giles Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 49 total results for your bodhidharma search.

If shown, 2nd row of characters is Simplified Chinese.

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
Mandarin zuò chán / zuo4 chan2
Taiwan tso ch`an / tso chan
Japanese zazen
Chinese to sit in meditation; to meditate
To sit in dhyāna, i.e. abstract meditation, fixed abstraction, contemplation; its introduction to China is attributed to Bodhidharma (though it came earlier), and its extension to Tiantai; sitting meditation



see styles
Mandarin chán zōng / chan2 zong1
Taiwan ch`an tsung / chan tsung
Japanese Zenshū
Chinese Zen Buddhism
The Chan, meditative or intuitional, sect usually said to have been established in China by Bodhidharma, v. 達, the twenty-eighth patriarch, who brought the tradition of the Buddha-mind from India. Cf. 楞 13 Laṅkāvatāra sūtra. This sect, believing in direct enlightenment, disregarded ritual and sūtras and depended upon the inner light and personal influence for the propagation of its tenets, founding itself on the esoteric tradition supposed to have been imparted to Kāśyapa by the Buddha, who indicated his meaning by plucking a flower without further explanation. Kāśyapa smiled in apprehension and is supposed to have passed on this mystic method to the patriarchs. The successor of Bodhidharma was 慧可 Huike, and he was succeeded by 僧璨 Sengcan; 道信 Daoxin; 弘忍 Hongren; 慧能 Huineng, and 神秀 Shenxiu, the sect dividing under the two latter into the southern and northern schools: the southern school became prominent, producing 南嶽 Nanyue and 靑原 Qingyuan, the former succeeded by 馬祖 Mazu, the latter by 石頭 Shitou. From Mazu's school arose the five later schools, v. 禪門; meditation school


see styles
Mandarin shào lín sì / shao4 lin2 si4
Taiwan shao lin ssu
Japanese shourinji / shorinji / しょうりんじ
 Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Shaolin Temple, Buddhist monastery famous for its kung fu monks
Japanese (place-name) Shaolin Temple (China); Shourinji
The monastery at 少室 in 登封 Dengfeng xian, Henanfu, where Bodhidharma sat with his face to a wall for nine years; Shaolin Temple


see styles
Mandarin qī zǔ / qi1 zu3
Taiwan ch`i tsu / chi tsu
Japanese shichiso
(1) The seven founders of the 華嚴 Huayan School, whose names are given as 馬鳴 Aśvaghoṣa, 龍樹 Nāgārjuna 杜順 (i.e. 法順) , Zhiyan 智儼, Fazang 法藏, Chengguan 澄觀 and Zongmi 宗密; (2) the seven founders of the 禪Chan School, i.e. 達磨 or 菩提達磨 Bodhidharma, Huike 慧可, Sengcan 僧璨, Daoxin 道信, Hongren 弘忍, Huineng 慧能 and Heze 荷澤 (or Shenhui 神曾); (3) The seven founders of the 淨土 Pure Land School, i.e. Nagarjuna, 世親 Vasubandhu, Tanluan 曇鸞, Daochuo 道綽, Shandao 善導, Yuanxin 源信 and Yuankong 源空 (or Faran 法然), whose teaching is contained in the Qizushengjiao 七祖聖教.


see styles
Mandarin liù zǔ / liu4 zu3
Taiwan liu tsu
Japanese rokuso
The six patriarchs of the Ch'an (Zen) school 禪宗, who passed down robe and begging bowl in succession i. e. Bodhidharma, Huike, Sengcan, Daoxin, Hongren, and Huineng 達摩, 慧可, 僧璨, 道信, 弘忍, and 慧能; the sixth patriarch


see styles
Mandarin běi zōng / bei3 zong1
Taiwan pei tsung
Japanese kitamune / きたむね
Japanese (surname) Kitamune
The northern school of the Chan (Zen) sect; from Bodhidharma 達磨 to the fifth patriarch 弘忍 Hongren the school was undivided; from 慧能 Huineng began the division of the southern school, 神秀 Shenxiu maintaining the northern; it was the southern school which prevailed.


see styles
Mandarin nán zōng / nan2 zong1
Taiwan nan tsung
Japanese nanshū
The Southern sect, or Bodhidharma School, divided into northern and southern, the northern under 神秀 Shen-hsiu, the southern under 慧能 Hui-nang, circa A.D. 700, hence 南能北秀; the southern came to be considered the orthodox Intuitional school. The phrase 南頓北漸 or 'Southern immediate, northern gradual' refers to the method of enlightenment which separated the two schools; Southern School



see styles
Mandarin bì guān / bi4 guan1
Taiwan pi kuan
Japanese hekkan
The wall-gazer, applied to Bodhidharma, who is said to have gazed at a wall for nine years. Also a name for the meditation of the Chan school; wall-meditation


see styles
Mandarin shǎo shì / shao3 shi4
Taiwan shao shih
Japanese Shōshitsu
Shaoshi, a hill on the 嵩山 Sungshan where Bodhidharma set up his 少林寺 infra.


see styles
Mandarin huì kě / hui4 ke3
Taiwan hui k`o / hui ko
Japanese eka / えか
Japanese (person) Huike (487-593 CE)
Huike, the successor of Bodhidharma, v. 達; he previously cut off his arm in appeal to be received as disciple, and finally inherited his mantle and alms-bowl.



see styles
Mandarin zhé lú / zhe2 lu2
Taiwan che lu
Japanese setsuro / せつろ
Japanese (given name) Setsuro
The snapped-off reed on which Bodhidharma is said to have crossed the Yangtsze from Nanking; a broken reed



see styles
Mandarin zǔ shī / zu3 shi1
Taiwan tsu shih
Japanese soshi / そし
Chinese founder (of a craft, religious sect etc)
Japanese founder of a sect; (surname) Soshi
A first teacher, or leader, founder of a school or sect; it has particular reference to Bodhidharma; patriarch



see styles
Mandarin chán fǎ / chan2 fa3
Taiwan ch`an fa / chan fa
Japanese zenpō
Methods of mysticism as found in (1) the dhyānas recorded in the sūtras, called 如來禪 tathāgata-dhyānas; (2) traditional dhyāna, or the intuitional method brought to China by Bodhidharma, called 祖師禪, which also includes dhyāna ideas represented by some external act having an occult indication; method of meditation



see styles
Mandarin chán mén / chan2 men2
Taiwan ch`an men / chan men
Japanese zenmon
The meditative method in general. The dhyāna pāramitā, v. 六度. The intuitional school established in China according to tradition by Bodhidharma, personally propagated from mind to mind as an esoteric school; meditative approach


see styles
Mandarin hú zi / hu2 zi
Taiwan hu tzu
Japanese koko / ここ    ebesu / えべす    ebisu / えびす
Japanese (female given name) Koko; (surname) Ebesu; (surname, female given name) Ebisu
Hun, or Turk, a term applied to the people west and north of China; a nickname for Bodhidharma.



see styles
Mandarin dá mó / da2 mo2
Taiwan ta mo
Japanese daruma / だるま    tatsuma / たつま
Chinese Dharma, the teaching of Buddha; Bodhidharma
Japanese (surname) Daruma; (surname) Tatsuma
(Skt. dharma)



see styles
Mandarin dá mó / da2 mo2
Taiwan ta mo
Japanese daruma(p);daruma / だるま(P);ダルマ
Japanese (1) (kana only) daruma; tumbling doll; round, red-painted good-luck doll in the shape of Bodhidharma, with a blank eye to be completed when a person's wish is granted; (2) (kana only) Bodhidharma; (3) prostitute; (personal name) Daruma; (given name) Tatsumaro; (surname) Tatsuma
dharma; also 達摩; 達麼; 達而麻耶; 曇摩; 馱摩 tr. by 法. dharma is from dhara, holding, bearing, possessing, etc.; and means 'that which is to be held fast or kept, ordinance, statute, law, usage, practice'; 'anything right.' M.W. It may be variously intp. as (1) characteristic, attribute, predicate; (2) the bearer, the transcendent substratum of single elements of conscious life; (3) element, i.e. a part of conscious life; (4) nirvāṇa, i.e. the Dharma par excellence, the object of Buddhist teaching; (5) the absolute, the real; (6) the teaching or religion of Buddha; (7) thing, object, appearance. Also, Damo, or Bodhidharma, the twenty-eighth Indian and first Chinese patriarch, who arrived in China A.D. 520, the reputed founder of the Chan or Intuitional School in China. He is described as son of a king in southern India; originally called Bodhitara. He arrived at Guangdong, bringing it is said the sacred begging-bowl, and settled in Luoyang, where he engaged in silent meditation for nine years, whence he received the title of wall-gazing Brahman 壁觀婆羅門, though he was a kṣatriya. His doctrine and practice were those of the 'inner light', independent of the written word, but to 慧可 Huike, his successor, he commended the Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra as nearest to his views. There are many names with Dharma as initial: Dharmapāla, Dharmagupta, Dharmayaśas, Dharmaruci, Dharmarakṣa, Dharmatrāta, Dharmavardhana, etc.



see styles
Mandarin jīn jī / jin1 ji1
Taiwan chin chi
Japanese kinkei
The golden cock (or, fowl), with a grain of millet in its beak, a name for Bodhidharma; golden fowl



see styles
Mandarin bō duō / bo1 duo1
Taiwan po to
Japanese hatta
(鉢多羅) pātra, a bowl, vessel, receptacle, an almsbowl; also 鉢呾羅; 鉢和羅 (or 鉢和蘭); 波怛囉 (or 播怛囉); in brief 鉢. The almsbowl of the Buddha is said to have been brought by Bodhidharma to China in A. D. 520.


see styles
Mandarin miàn bì / mian4 bi4
Taiwan mien pi
Japanese menpeki / めんぺき
Chinese to face the wall; to sit facing the wall in meditation (Buddhism); (fig.) to devote oneself to study, work etc
Japanese meditation facing a wall; (surname) Omokabe
To sit in meditation with the face to a wall, as did Bodhidharma for nine years, without uttering a word.


see styles
Japanese daruma / ダルマ Japanese (1) (kana only) daruma; tumbling doll; round, red-painted good-luck doll in the shape of Bodhidharma, with a blank eye to be completed when a person's wish is granted; (2) (kana only) Bodhidharma; (3) prostitute


see styles
Mandarin fú xīn zōng / fu2 xin1 zong1
Taiwan fu hsin tsung
Japanese Busshin Shū
The sect of the Buddha-heart, i.e. the Chan (Zen) or Intuitive sect of Bodhidharma, holding that each individual has direct access to Buddha through meditation; Buddha-mind school


see styles
Mandarin tiān tái zōng / tian1 tai2 zong1
Taiwan t`ien t`ai tsung / tien tai tsung
Japanese tendaishuu / tendaishu / てんだいしゅう
Chinese Tiantai school of Buddhism
Japanese Tendai sect (of Buddhism); (personal name) Tendaishuu
The Tiantai, or Tendai, sect founded by 智顗 Zhiyi. It bases its tenets on the Lotus Sutra 法華經 with the 智度論, 涅盤經, and 大品經; it maintains the identity of the Absolute and the world of phenomena, and attempts to unlock the secrets of all phenomena by means of meditation. It flourished during the Tang dynasty. Under the Sung, when the school was decadent, arose 四明 Ciming, under whom there came the division of 山家 Hill or Tiantai School and 山外 the School outside, the latter following 悟恩 Wuen and in time dying out; the former, a more profound school, adhered to Ciming; it was from this school that the Tiantai doctrine spread to Japan. The three principal works of the Tiantai founder are called 天台三部, i. e. 玄義 exposition of the deeper meaning of the Lotus; 文句 exposition of its text; and 止觀 meditation; the last was directive and practical; it was in the line of Bodhidharma, stressing the 'inner light'; Tiantai zong



see styles
Mandarin léng jiā jīng / leng2 jia1 jing1
Taiwan leng chia ching
Japanese Ryōga kyō
The Laṅkāvatāra sūtra, a philosophical discourse attributed to Śākyamuni as delivered on the Laṅka mountain in Ceylon. It may have been composed in the fourth or fifth century A.D.; it "represents a mature phase of speculation and not only criticizes the Sāṅkhya, Pāśupata and other Hindu schools, but is conscious of the growing resemblance of Mahāyānism to Brahmanic philosophy and tries to explain it". Eliot. There have been four translations into Chinese, the first by Dharmarakṣa between 412-433, which no longer exists; the second was by Guṇabhadra in 443, ca11ed 楞伽 阿跋多羅寶經 4 juan; the third by Bodhiruci in 513, called 入楞伽經 10 juan; the fourth by Śikṣānanda in 700-704, called 大乘入楞伽經 7 juan. There are many treatises and commentaries on it, by Faxian and others. See Studies in the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra by Suzuki and his translation of it. This was the sūtra allowed by Bodhidharma, and is the recognized text of the Chan (Zen) School. There are numerous treatises on it.


see styles
Mandarin xióng ěr shān / xiong2 er3 shan1
Taiwan hsiung erh shan
Japanese Yūji san
Chinese Mt Xiong'er national geological park in 棗莊|枣庄[Zao3 zhuang1], south Shandong
Bear's ear mount, the place, where Bodhidharma was buried; Xionger Shan


see styles
Mandarin bì yǎn hú / bi4 yan3 hu2
Taiwan pi yen hu
Japanese Hekigenko
The blue-eyed barbarian, Bodhidharma.


see styles
Japanese soshizen / そしぜん Japanese (See 如来禅) Zen Buddhism based on the teachings of Bodhidharma


see styles
Mandarin chuān ěr sēng / chuan1 er3 seng1
Taiwan ch`uan erh seng / chuan erh seng
Japanese senni sō
Pierced-ear monks, many of the Indian monks wore ear-rings; Bodhidharma was called 穿耳客 the ear-pierced guest.



see styles
Mandarin dá mó zōng / da2 mo2 zong1
Taiwan ta mo tsung
Japanese darumashuu / darumashu / だるましゅう
Japanese (1) (archaism) (obscure) (See 禅宗) Zen (Buddhism); (2) (derogatory term) (See 達磨歌) confusing style of middle-age Japanese poetry
The Damo, or Dharma sect, i.e. the 禪宗 Meditation, or Intuitional School; the school of Bodhidharma



see styles
Mandarin dá mó jì / da2 mo2 ji4
Taiwan ta mo chi
Japanese darumaki / だるまき
Japanese ceremony held in honor (honour) of Bodhidharma (October 5th)
The anniversary of Bodhidharma's death, fifth of the tenth month.


see styles
Mandarin èr shí bā zǔ / er4 shi2 ba1 zu3
Taiwan erh shih pa tsu
Japanese nijūhasso
The twenty-eight Buddhist patriarchs as stated by the Mahāyānists. The Tiantai school reckons twenty-three, or twenty-four, with the addition of Śaṇakavāsa, contemporary with his predecessors, but the Chan school reckons twenty-eight: (1) Mahākāśyapa, 摩訶迦葉 (摩訶迦葉波); (2) Ānanda, 阿難; (3) Śāṇakavāsa, 商那和修; 4) Upagupta, 優婆毱多; (5) Dhṛṭaka, 提多迦; (6) Mikkaka, or Miccaka, or Micchaka, 彌遮迦; (7) Vasumitra, 婆須蜜; (8) Buddhanandi, 佛陀難提; (9) Buddhamitra, 伏駄蜜多; (10) Pārśva, or Pārśvika, 波栗溼縛or 脇尊者; (11) Puṇyayaśas 那尊耶舍; (12) Aśvaghoṣa, 馬鳴大士; (13) Kapimala, 迦毘摩羅; (14) Nāgārjuna, 龍樹; (15) Kāṇadeva, 迦那提婆; (16) Rāhulata, 羅睺羅多; (17) Saṅghanandi, 僧伽難提; (18) Gayāśata, 伽耶舍多; (19) Kumārata, 鳩摩羅多; (20) Jayata, 闍夜多; (21) Vasubandhu, 婆修盤頭; (22) Manorhita, 摩撃羅; (23) Haklena, 鶴輸勒; (24) Ārasiṁha, 師子尊者; (25) Basiasita, 婆舍新多; (26) Puṇyamitra, 不如密多; (27) Prajñātāra, 般若多羅; (28) Bodhidharma, 菩提達磨; twenty-eight patriarchs



see styles
Mandarin èr zǔ duàn bì / er4 zu3 duan4 bi4
Taiwan erh tsu tuan pi
Japanese niso danpi
the second patriarch in China 慧可 of the Chan school, who, to induce bodhidharma to receive him, is said to have cut of his left arm in the snow in order to prove his firmness and determination; the second patriarch severed his arm



see styles
Mandarin yuán jué dà shī / yuan2 jue2 da4 shi1
Taiwan yüan chüeh ta shih
Japanese Enkaku Daishi



see styles
Mandarin zuò jiǔ chéng láo / zuo4 jiu3 cheng2 lao2
Taiwan tso chiu ch`eng lao / tso chiu cheng lao
Japanese zakyu jōrō
To accomplish one's labour by prolonged sitting, as did Bodhidharma; accomplish one's labor by prolonged sitting


see styles
Japanese soshiseirai / soshiserai / そしせいらい Japanese {Buddh} the coming of Bodhidharma from western India to China



see styles
Mandarin bān ruò duō luō / ban1 ruo4 duo1 luo1
Taiwan pan jo to lo
Japanese Hannyatara
Prajñātāra. The 27th patriarch, native of eastern India, who laboured in southern India and consumed himself 'by the fire of transformation,' A.D. 457, teacher of Bodhidharma; Prajñātāra



see styles
Mandarin pú tí dá mó / pu2 ti2 da2 mo2
Taiwan p`u t`i ta mo / pu ti ta mo
Chinese Bodhidharma



see styles
Mandarin pú tí dá mó / pu2 ti2 da2 mo2
Taiwan p`u t`i ta mo / pu ti ta mo
Japanese bodaidaruma / ぼだいだるま
Japanese {Buddh} (See 達磨・2) Bodhidharma
Bodhidharma, commonly known as Damo, v. 達; reputed as the founder of the Chan (Zen) or Intuitional or Mystic School. His original name is given as 菩提多羅 Bodhitara.



see styles
Mandarin lú yè dá mó / lu2 ye4 da2 mo2
Taiwan lu yeh ta mo
Japanese Royō Daruma
Bodhidharma and his rush-leaf boat in which he is said to have crossed the Yangze.



see styles
Mandarin dá mó bù shì / da2 mo2 bu4 shi4
Taiwan ta mo pu shih
Japanese Datsuma fushiki
Bodhidharma's don't know; Bodhidharma's don't know



see styles
Mandarin dá mó dà shī / da2 mo2 da4 shi1
Taiwan ta mo ta shih
Japanese darumadaishi / だるまだいし
Japanese (personal name) Darumadaishi
Master Bodhidharma; Master Bodhidharma



see styles
Mandarin dá mó kuò rán / da2 mo2 kuo4 ran2
Taiwan ta mo k`uo jan / ta mo kuo jan
Japanese Datsuma kakunen
Bodhidharma's emptiness; Bodhidharma's emptiness


see styles
Japanese menpekikunen / めんぺきくねん Japanese (yoji) {Buddh} facing a wall for nine years in meditation (by Bodhidharma at Shaolin Temple)



see styles
Mandarin dà bān niè pán jīng / da4 ban1 nie4 pan2 jing1
Taiwan ta pan nieh p`an ching / ta pan nieh pan ching
Japanese Dai nehan kyō
Chinese Nirvana sutra
The Mahā-parinirvāṇa sūtras, commonly called the 涅槃經 Nirvāṇa sūtras, said to have been delivered by Śākyamuni just before his death. The two Hīnayāna versions are found in the 長阿含遊行經. The Mahāyāna has two Chinese versions, the northern in 40 juan, and the southern, a revision of the northern version in 36 juan. Faxian's version is styled 大般泥洹經 6 juan. Treatises on the sūtra are 大般涅槃經後分 2 juan tr. by Jñānabhadra; 大般涅槃經疏 33 juan; 大般涅槃經論 1 juan by Vasubandhu, tr. by Bodhidharma.



see styles
Mandarin shǎo shì liù mén jí / shao3 shi4 liu4 men2 ji2
Taiwan shao shih liu men chi
Japanese Shōshitsu rokumon shū
Six brief treatises attributed to Bodhidharma, but their authenticity is denied; Six Section Collection from the Small Room


see styles
Japanese darumasangakoronda / だるまさんがころんだ Japanese (kana only) children's game similar to Statues or Red Light Green Light; Bodhidharma fell down


see styles
Japanese darumasangakoronda / だるまさんがころんだ Japanese (kana only) children's game similar to Statues or Red Light Green Light; Bodhidharma fell down


see styles
Japanese darumasangakoronda / だるまさんがころんだ Japanese (kana only) children's game similar to Statues or Red Light Green Light; Bodhidharma fell down


see styles
Japanese darumasangakoronda / だるまさんがころんだ Japanese (kana only) children's game similar to Statues or Red Light Green Light; Bodhidharma fell down
This page contains 49 results for "bodhidharma" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Soup or Bath

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

Combined, these cover 355,969 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary